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Full text of "The Roman Breviary : reformed by order of the Holy cumenical Council of Trent ; published by order of Pope St. Pius V; and revised by Clement VIII., Urban VIII., and Leo XIII ; together with the offices since granted and the martyrology"

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THE    ROMAN    BREVIARY 


THE  ROMAN  BREVIARY 

REFORMED  BY  ORDER  OF  THE  HOLY 
OECUMENICAL  COUNCIL  OF  TRENT; 
PUBLISHED  BY  ORDER  OF  POPE  ST 
PIUS  V.;  AND  REVISED  BY  CLEMENT 
VIII.,  URBAN  VIII.,  AND  LEO  XIII. 

TOGETHER    WITH    THE 

OFFICES    SINCE    GRANTED 
AND    THE    MARTYROLOGY 


TRANSLATED    OUT    OF 
LATIN    INTO    ENGLISH    BY 

JOHN,    MARQUESS    OF    BUTE,    K.T. 


A    NEW  EDITION 
FOR    USE     IN    ENGLAND 

IN    FOUR    VOLS. 
VOL.    III.  — SUMMER 


WILLIAM    BLACKWOOD    AND    SONS 

EDINBURGH    AND    LONDON 
M  C  M  V  1 1 1 


CONTENTS 


THE  PIE  ...  .  .      See  vol.  i.  p.  xix 

TWO    EASY    TABLES     ....  ix 

THE    KALENDAR           ...                                                     .  XIX 

PRAYERS.       ABSOLUTIONS    AND    BLESSINGS  .       xxxiii 

THE    PSALTER— 

MATTINS — 

SUNDAY            ....                         .  .                             I 

MONDAY            .....  .                           73 

TUESDAY          .                                                     .  .92 

WEDNESDAY                .                                        .                                        .  .           Io8 

THURSDAY      .             ....            .             .  .            .123 

FRIDAY              .                                        .  .140 

SATURDAY       .....  .157 

LAUDS — 

SUNDAY             ........  .                          22 

MONDAY            ...........  .             87 

TUESDAY          ...                      ....  .105 

WEDNESDAY  .             .             .......  .           I 2O 

THURSDAY       ...                     ....  .137 

FRIDAY              ...             ...<..  .           153 

SATURDAY  .          171 


TWO   EASY   TABLES.  jx 


TWO     EASY    TABLES, 

COMPILED    FROM    THE    PIE. 

And  in  'which  it  can  be  seen  at  a  glance  what  is  to  be  done 

(  I  )  W 'hen  the  Second  Vespers  of  one  Office  fall  on  the  same  evening  'with  the  First 
Vespers  of  another  Office. 

(2)    When  t<wo  Offices  fall  on  the  same  day. 

To  use  these  Tables,  find  the  little  square  in  which  lines  drawn  from  the 
designations  of  the  two  Offices  meet  at  right  angles,  and  then  look  what  direction 
is  given  underneath  the  Table,  with  the  number  inscribed  in  the  square. 

For  instance,  in  Table  A  a  Double  of  the  Second  Class  meets  a  Semi-double 
in  a  square  containing  the  numeral  4.  And  4  gives  the  Rule  "  all  of  the  former, 
with  a  Commemoration  of  the  latter,"  but  if  the  case  be  reversed  they  meet  in  I, 
and  the  Service  is  "all  of  the  latter,  nothing  of  the  former."  And  so  in  Table  B, 
the  case  of  a  Double  of  the  Second  Class  and  a  Semi-double  falling  on  the  same 
day  is  provided  for  in  4  and  3,  and  it  is  ordered  that  the  Semi-double  be  com 
memorated  and  the  Double  of  the  Second  Class  observed,  o  indicates  a  case 
which  either  cannot  occur,  or  which  is  the  subject  of  special  directions  in  its  own 
place.  However,  it  is  first  needful  to  know  the  rank  of  the  different  Offices. 

LIST   OF   FEASTS   ACCORDING   TO   THEIR   CLASS. 

Doubles  of  the  First  Class. 

Christmas  Day.      Dec.  25. 
Twelfth-Day.     Jan.  6. 
Maundy  Thursday. 
Good  Friday. 
Holy  Saturday. 
Easter  Day. 
Easter  Monday. 
Easter  Tuesday. 
Ascension  Day. 
Whitsun  Day. 
Whitsun  Monday. 
Whitsun  Tuesday. 
Corpus  Christi. 
The  Sacred  Heart. 

The  Immaculate  Conception.      Dec.  8. 
Lady  Day.      March  25. 
VOL.  III.  a  2 


TWO   EASY   TABLES. 

The  Assumption,     Aug.  I  5. 

The  Birthday  of  St  John  the  Baptist.     June  24. 

St  Joseph.      March  19. 

SS.  Peter  and  Paul.     June  29. 

All  Saints.     Nov.  I. 

St  Thomas  of  Canterbury.1     Dec.  29. 

St  George.     April  23. 

St  Augustine  of  Canterbury.     May  26. 

The  Dedication  of  the  Particular  Church. 

The  Feast  of  the  Patron,  or  Titular  of  the  Particular  Church. 

The  Feast  of  the  Chief  Patron  or  Patrons  of  the  diocese. 

Doubles  of  the  Second  Class. 

The  Circumcision.     Jan.  i. 

The  Holy  Name. 

The  Most  Holy  Trinity. 

The  Most  Precious  Blood. 

The  Finding  of  the  Cross.     May  3. 

Candlemas  Day.      Feb.  2. 

The  Visitation.     July  2. 

The  Birth  of  the  Blessed  Virgin.      Sept.  8. 

The  Solemnity  of  the  Most  Holy  Rosary. 

Michaelmas  Day.      Sept.  29. 

The  Patronage  of  St  Joseph. 

The  Feasts  of  the  Eleven  Apostles,  and  of  the  Evangelists. 

St  Stephen.     Dec.  26. 

The  Holy  Innocents.     Dec.  28. 

St  Lawrence.     Aug.  10. 

St  Anne.     July  26. 

St  Joachim. 

St  Gregory  the  Great.     March  12. 

St  Edward.     Oct.  13. 

Greater  Doubles. 

The  Commemorations — 

Of  the  Prayer  of  our  Lord, 

Of  His  Sufferings, 

Of  His  Coronation, 

Of  His  Piercing, 

Of  His  Enshroudment, 

Of  His  Five  Wounds, 

Of  His  Precious  Blood. 
The  Transfiguration.     Aug.  6. 
The  Most  Holy  Redeemer.      Oct.  23. 
The  Exaltation  of  the  Cross.      Sept.  14. 
Dedication  of  the  Church  of  St  Saviour.      Nov.  9. 

1  Regarding  the  rank  of  this  Feast,  see  note  under  his  day. 


TWO   EASY    TABLES.  xi 

The  Expectation  of  the  Blessed  Virgin.     Dec.  18. 

Her  Espousal.     Jan.  23. 

Her  Sorrows  (the  two  Feasts). 

The  Blessed  Virgin  styled  Help  of  Christians.     May  24. 

The  Blessed  Virgin  styled  of  Mount  Carmel.     July  1 6. 

Dedication  of  St  Mary's  of  the  Snows.     Aug.  5. 

The  Name  of  Mary. 

The  Blessed  Virgin  styled  of  Ransom.      Sept.  24. 

The  Presentation  of  the  Blessed  Virgin. 

Her  Motherhood. 

Her  Purity. 

Her  Patronage. 

Manifestation  of  St  Michael.     May  8. 

St  Gabriel.     March  18. 

St  Raphael.      Oct.  24. 

The  Guardian  Angels.     Oct.  2. 

The  Beheading  of  the  Baptist.     Aug.  29. 

St  Peter's  Chair  at  Rome.     Jan.  18. 

St  Peter's  Chair  at  Antioch.      Feb.  22. 

St  Peter's  Chains.     Aug.  i. 

The  Conversion  of  St  Paul.     January  25. 

Commemoration  of  St  Paul.     June  30. 

Dedication  of  the  Churches  of  SS.  Peter  and  Paul.      Nov.  18. 

St  John  before  the  Latin  Gate.     May  6. 

St  Barnabas.     June  1 1 . 

The  Blessed  John  and  his  companions.      May  4. 

St  Bede  the  Venerable.     May  27. 

St  Alban.     June  22. 

Translation  of  St  Thomas  of  Canterbury.     July  7. 

The  Holy  Relics  (second  Sunday  in  July). 

St  Ursula.     Oct.  21. 

St  Edmund  the  Martyr.     Nov.  20. 

St  Benedict.     March  21. 

St  Dominic.      Aug.  4. 

St  Francis.     Oct.  4. 

St  Patrick.     March  17. 

St  Francis  Xavier.     Dec.  3.1 

Sundays  of  the  First  Class. 

The  First  Sunday  of  Advent. 
The  First  Sunday  of  Lent. 
Passion  Sunday. 
Palm  Sunday. 
Easter  Sunday. 
Low  Sunday. 
Whitsunday. 
Trinity  Sunday. 

1  The  Feast  was  an  Ordinary  Double  when  the  Office  given  in  this  Breviary  was  printed. 


xii  TWO   EASY   TABLES. 

Sundays  of  the  Second  Class. 

The  Second,  Third,  and  Fourth  Sundays  in  Advent. 

Septuagesima  Sunday. 

Sexagesima  Sunday. 

Quinquagesima  Sunday. 

The  Second,  Third,  and  Fourth  Sundays  of  Lent. 

Greater  Week-days. 
Those  of  Advent. 
Those  of  Lent. 
The  Ember  Days. 
Rogation  Monday. 

In  the  General  Appendix  will  be  found  the  following  Greater  Doubles. 

Translation  of  the  Holy  House  of  Loreto. 

The  Finding  of  the  Child  JESUS  in  the  Temple. 

The  Holy  Home. 

The  Blessed  Thomas  Plumtree  and  his  Companions. 

The  Flight  of  our  Lord  JESUS  Christ  into  Egypt. 

The  Blessed  Virgin  Mary,  styled  of  Good  Counsel. 

The  Blessed  Virgin  Mary,  styled  the  Mother  ofthe  Lord  our  Shepherd. 

Lowliness  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary. 

The  Blessed  Virgin  Mary,  styled  Mother  of  Grace. 

Translation  of  St  Edmund. 

The  Blessed  Virgin  Mary,  styled  of  Perpetual  Succour. 

The  Blessed  John  Fisher. 

The  Blessed  Thomas  More. 

Translation  of  St  Cuthbert. 

The  Blessed  Thomas  Percy. 


LIST   OF    PRIMARY    FEASTS, 

I.   Doubles  of  the  First  Class. 
Christmas. 
Twelfth  Day. 
Easter  Day. 
The  Ascension. 
Whitsun  Day. 
Corpus  Christi. 
The  Immaculate  Conception. 
Lady  Day. 
The  Assumption. 

The  Birthday  of  St  John  the  Baptist. 
St  Joseph. 


TWO   EASY   TABLES.  xiii 

SS.  Peter  and  Paul. 

All  Saints. 

St  Thomas  of  Canterbury. 

St  George. 

St  Augustine  of  Canterbury. 

The  Dedication  of  the  Particular  Church. 

The  Patron  or  Titular. 

The  principal  Patron  or  Patrons  of  the  district  or  diocese. 

II.   Doubles  of  the  Second  Class. 

The  Circumcision. 

The  Most  Holy  Trinity. 

Candlemas  Day. 

The  Visitation. 

The  Nativity  of  the  Blessed  Virgin. 

Michaelmas  Day. 

The  Feasts  of  the  Eleven  Apostles,  and  of  the  Evangelists. 

St  Stephen.      Dec.  26. 

The  Holy  Innocents. 

St  Lawrence. 

St  Anne. 

St  Joachim. 

St  Gregory  the  Great. 

St  Edward. 

III.    Greater  Doubles. 

The  Transfiguration. 

The  Dedication  of  St  Saviour's. 

Dedication  of  St  Mary's  of  the  Snows. 

The  Angels  Guardian. 

The  Dedication  of  the  Basilicas  of  SS.  Peter  and  Paul. 

St  Barnabas. 

St  Benedict. 

St  Dominic. 

St  Francis. 

St  Gabriel. 

St  Raphael. 

The  Blessed  John  and  his  Companions. 

St  Bede  the  Venerable. 

St  Alban. 

The  Holy  Relics. 

St  Ursula. 

St  Edmund  the  Martyr. 

St  Patrick. 

St  Francis  Xavier. 

IV.   Doubles. 
The  Birthday  (or  day  kept  as  such)  of  each  Saint. 


xiv  TWO   EASY   TABLES. 

LIST   OF   SECONDARY    FEASTS. 

I.   Doubles  of  the  First  Class. 
The  Most  Sacred  Heart  of  JESUS. 

II.  Doubles  of  the  Second  Class. 

The  Most  Holy  Name  of  JESUS. 

The  Finding  of  the  Holy  Cross. 

The  Feast  of  the  Most  Precious  Blood. 

The  Solemnity  of  the  Most  Holy  Rosary. 

The  Patronage  of  St  Joseph. 

III.    Greater  Doubles. 

The  Exaltation  of  the  Holy  Cross. 

The  Sorrows  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  (the  two  Feasts). 

The  Blessed  Virgin  styled  of  Mount  Carmel. 

Her  Holy  Name. 

The  Blessed  Virgin  styled  of  Ransom. 

Her  Presentation. 

The  Manifestation  of  St  Michael. 

The  Beheading  of  St  John  the  Baptist. 

St  Peter's  Chair  at  Rome. 

St  Peter's  Chair  at  Antioch. 

St  Peter's  Chains. 

The  Conversion  of  St  Paul. 

The  Commemoration  of  St  Paul. 

St  John  before  the  Latin  Gate. 

The  Commemorations — 

Of  the  Prayer  of  our  Lord, 

Of  His  Sufferings, 

Of  His  Coronation, 

Of  His  Piercing, 

Of  His  Enshroudment, 

Of  His  Five  Wounds, 

Of  His  Precious  Blood. 
Feast  of  the  Most  Holy  Redeemer. 
The  Espousal  of  the  Blessed  Virgin. 
Her  Motherhood. 
Her  Purity. 
Her  Patronage. 

The  Expectation  of  the  Blessed  Virgin. 
The  Blessed  Virgin  styled  Help  of  Christians. 
Translation  of  St  Thomas  of  Canterbury. 

All  other  Feasts  of  our   Lord,  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary,  and  the    Saints   not 
provided  for  in  these  lists. 


TWO   EASY   TABLES. 


XV 


TABLE    A. 


If  the  Second  Vespers  of 

An   Higher  Sunday  (i.e.,  of  the   First  or 

Second  Class)    ..... 

4 

3 

4 

4 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

0 

An  Ordinary  Sunday      .... 

4 

3 

4 

4 

3 

3 

i 

i 

i 

o 

A  Double  of  the  First  Class    . 

2 

4 

2 

4 

4 

4 

6 

4 

6 

4 

A  Double  of  the  Second  Class 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

3 

6 

3 

4 

A  Patron  or  Titular         .... 

2 

4 

2 

4 

4 

4 

0 

4 

6 

4 

A  Greater  Double           .... 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

6 

i 

3 

i 

4 

A  Double      

4 

5 

4 

4 

5 

3 

• 

3 

i 

4 

A  Semi-double        ..... 

4 

3 

4 

5 

3 

3 

i 

i 

i 

5 

An  Octave-day       ..... 

4 

5 

4 

4 

5 

3 

i 

3 

i 

4 

A  Day  within  an  Octave 

0 

3 

4 

3 

3 

3 

i 

' 

i 

5 

i  .  All  of  the  latter,  nothing  of  the  former. 

-K    t 

2.  All  of  the  former,  nothing  of  the  latter. 

^ 

3 

^* 

> 

> 

^* 

'•** 

^ 

^ 

^* 

E 

/ 

^1 

/, 

hrl  "" 

3.   All    of  the    latter,   but   with    a    Com 

C 

5 

o 

c 

g 

£ 

c 

c 

c 

3 

SV  ° 

memoration  of  the  former. 

£ 

1 

FT 

cr 

3 

cr 

cr 

p" 

~  'B- 

4.  All   of  the  former,  but   with   a   Com 

rr 

0 

c 
c 

/* 

o 

0 

0 

memoration  of  the  latter. 

P 

o~ 

cf 

H 

— 

?  3 

5.   All  of  the  former  till  the  Chapter,  ex 

S3 

£ 

£ 

(D 

c 

w   n> 

clusive  ;  then  of  the  latter,  from  the 

C 

p 

SP 

!?. 

2»  rt 

Chapter,  inclusive,  but  with  a  Com 

r, 

* 

9 

3 

p 

memoration  of  the  former. 

^ 

p- 

n 

13 

6.  All  of  the  more   important,    but  with 

n 

1 

^ 

a     Commemoration     of     the     less 

C/l 

en 

$* 

important  ;  if  equal,  Vespers  of  the 

g, 

latter  from   the  Chapter  inclusive. 

rt 

At  the  First  Vespers  of  the  Octave-days  of  the  Ascension  and  of  Corpus 
Christi  and  of  other  Primary  Feasts  of  our  Lord,  the  whole  Service  is  of  the 
Octave.  If  a  Double  Feast  have  occupied  the  day,  it  is  only  commemorated, 


xvi  TWO   EASY   TABLES. 

unless  it  be  of  the  First  or  Second  Class,  in  which  case  the  Service  is  of  it,  with 
a  Commemoration  of  the  First  Vespers  of  the  Octave. 

If  the  Second  Vespers  of  the  Octave-days  of  the  Feasts  of  our  Lord  which 
are  Primary  and  more  solemn,  such  as  those  of  Twelfth-Day,  Easter,  the 
Ascension,  and  the  others,  clash  with  the  First  Vespers  of  a  Double  (including 
the  Octave-day  of  St  John  the  Baptist),  the  Double  is  only  commemorated, 
unless  it  be  of  the  First  or  Second  Class,  the  Patron,  Titular,  or  Dedication 
Feast  of  the  particular  Church,  in  which  cases  the  Service  is  of  the  Double, 
with  a  Commemoration  of  the  Second  Vespers  of  the  Octave. 

On  the  Octave-days  of  Primary  Feasts  of  the  Blessed  Virgin,  the  Angels, 
St  John  the  Baptist,  St  Joseph,  and  the  Holy  Apostles,  there  is  only  a  Com 
memoration  made  of  an  Ordinary  or  Lesser  Double  that  precedes  or  follows. 

If  a  Double  or  Semi-double  Feast  have  been  reduced  to  the  condition  of  a 
Simple  according  to  the  Pie,  Chap,  x.,  and  a  Double  of  the  First  Class  fall 
upon  the  day  before,  the  reduced  Feast  is  commemorated  at  the  Second  Vespers 
of  the  Double  of  the  First  Class  only  if  it  is  to  be  commemorated  at  the  Lauds 
of  the  succeeding  day,  that  is  to  say  of  its  own  day  ;  but  upon  Doubles  of  the 
Second  Class  such  a  reduced  Feast  is  commemorated  at  both  Vespers  in  the 
same  way  as  an  Octave-day  or  a  Sunday  would  be  ;  but  a  day  within  an  Octave 
is  not  commemorated  unless  the  next  day's  Office  be  of  the  same. 

When  several  Commemorations  are  to  be  made,  they  are  arranged  in  the  order 
of  i,  Privileged  Sunday;  2,  Octave-Day;  3,  Greater  Double;  4,  Reduced 
Double  ;  5,  Ordinary  Sunday  ;  6,  Day  within  the  Octave  of  Corpus  Christi ; 
7,  Semi-double  ;  8,  Day  within  an  Octave,  reduced  to  the  form  of  Simple  ; 
9,  Greater  Week-day  or  Eve;  10,  Simple. 


TTABLE    B. 


TWO   EASY  TABLES. 


XVll 


TABLE    B. 


If 

A  Double  of  the  First  Class 

6 

416 

6 

4 

6 

6 

2 

2 

• 

2 

8 

4 

4 

I 

A  Double  of  the  Second  Class    . 

4 

4    4 

4 

4 

6 

4 

2 

2 

8 

i 

4 

i 

I 

A  Greater  Double 

Q 

!      , 

4 

A  Double  of  a  Doctor 

4 

4 

4 

4 

i 

4 

o 

O 

I 

I 

' 

4 

i 

I 

A  Double 

• 

3 

3 
3 

A  Day  within  an  Octave    . 

4 

4 

4 

3 

3 

7 

3 

3 

3 

5 

5 

3 

3 

An  Octave-dav 

3 

4 

3 

3 

A  Semi-double 

4 

4 

4 

7 

3 

4 

3 

3 

3 

3 

5 

3 

3 

3 

A  Simple           .... 

3 

3 

o 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

5 

3 

3 

3 

A  Greater  Week-day 

6 

0 

4 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

5 

o 

o 

o 

An  Eve    ..... 

0 

5 

4 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

3 

5 

o 

o 

o 

i  .  The  former  is  transferred,  and 

the  latter  observed. 

3 

j* 

•J** 

J* 

M 

J* 

>** 

i-1* 

(J* 

^ 

'*» 

K> 

l> 

1> 

P' 

2.   The  former  is  observed,  and 
the  latter  transferred. 
3.  The   latter   is   observed,   and 
the  former  commemorated. 

w 
9 

Greater  We 

I' 
pT 

CO 
fD 

3 

1 

cr 

i  Octave-da; 

p 
Er 

5' 

Double. 

0 
o 
c 
cr 
ST 

S, 

Greater  Do 

Double  of  t 

Double  of  t 

i  Ordinary  ' 

Sunday  of  t 

Cfl 

cL 
P 
v; 

c 

§ 

fl> 

cn 
P 

n 

£J 

I-* 

p 

p 

~ 

—  . 

4.  The  former  is  observed,  and 

0 

c 

cr 

0 

o 

Ej 

S 

O 

ro 

the  latter  commemorated. 

3 

O 

r, 

n 
O 

n' 

n 

<r. 

£f 

X 

n 

| 

p 

5.  The     former     is     altogether 
omitted,     and     the     latter 

P 
-1 
o 

B^ 
n 

n 

ET 

0 

-EL 

n 

&' 

observed. 

cr, 

CO 

P 

Ul 

•en 

6.  The  former  is  observed,  and 

en 

the  latter  altogether  omitted. 

7.   The    more   important    is    ob 

served,    and    the    less    im 

portant  commemorated. 

8.   The    more    important   is    ob 

served,    and    the    less   im 

portant  transferred. 

VOL.  III. 


xviii  TWO   EASY  TABLES. 


Note. 

A  Double  of  any  sort,  even  the  Patron,  Titular,  or  Dedication  Feast  of  the 
particular  Church,  if  it  fall  on  Dec.  24,  Whitsun  Eve,  Jan.  i  or  13,  Ash 
Wednesday,  Holy,  Easter,  or  Whitsun  Weeks,  Ascension  Day,  Corpus  Christi 
Day,  March  25,  Aug.  15,  Dec.  8,  Midsummer  Day,  March  19,  June  29,  or 
Nov.  i,  is  transferred,  if  it  can  be  transferred,  but  if  not,  it  is  simply  com 
memorated  upon  its  own  day,  or  totally  omitted,  as  may  be  directed  in  the  Pie. 

Within  the  Octave  of  the  Epiphany  no  Feast  can  be  kept  except  Double 
Feasts  of  the  First  Class,  and  that  with  Commemoration  of  the  Octave.  Other 
Feasts  of  Nine  Lessons  are  permanently  fixed  on  the  first  free  day  after  the 
Octave  ;  Simples  are  commemorated  only.  Within  the  Octave  of  Corpus  Christi, 
Semi-doubles  are  reduced  to  the  rank  of  Simples  and  commemorated,  neither  can 
Doubles  be  transferred  thither  unless  they  be  of  the  First  or  Second  Class,  and  a 
Commemoration  is  always  made  of  the  Octave.  Within  those  Octaves,  in  which 
the  observance  of  Feasts  is  allowed,  a  Semi-double,  if  it  fall  on  a  Sunday,  is 
commemorated  as  prescribed  by  the  Pie. 

The  Octaves  of  Christmas,  Twelfth -Day,  and  Corpus  Christi,  are  com 
memorated  at  every  Vespers  and  Lauds,  whatever  be  the  Office. 

Other  Octaves,  which  are  not  in  the  Kalendar,1  are  not  observed  from  Ash 
Wednesday  to  Low  Sunday,  or  Whitsun  Eve  to  Trinity  Sunday,  both  inclusive, 
or  from  Dec.  17  to  Jan.  6. 

An  Octave-day  can  never  be  transferred.  Therefore,  if  Corpus  Christi  fall 
on  Midsummer  Day,  and  the  Feast  of  St  John  were  consequently  kept  on  June 
25,  July  i  would  be  kept  as  the  Octave  of  Corpus  Christi,  with  a  Commemoration 
of  the  Octave  of  St  John  at  both  Vespers  and  at  Lauds. 

If  some  other  Saints  be  mentioned  in  the  Kalendar  on  the  same  day  with  the 
Patron  or  Titular,  the  Feast  of  the  Patron  or  Titular  alone  is  observed.  If  the 
other  Feast  be  a  Double  or  Semi-double,  it  is  permanently  fixed  on  the  first  free 
day  and  kept  as  a  Semi-double.  If  it  is  a  Double  of  the  First  or  Second  Class, 
it  is  similarly  transferred  and  kept  as  on  its  own  day.2 

The  Week-days  of  Advent  and  Lent,  if  not  kept  as  such,  are  always  com 
memorated  at  both  Vespers  and  Lauds,  whatever  be  the  Office ;  Ember  Days, 
Eves,  and  Rogation  Monday,  at  Lauds  only.  But  if  an  Eve  fall  in  Advent  or 
Lent,  on  an  Ember  Day,  a  Double  of  the  First  Class,  or  the  Patronal,  Titular, 
or  Dedication  Feast  of  the  particular  Church,  no  notice  is  taken  of  it,  even  in 
Lauds. 

1  But  in  the  diocese  of  Hexham  there  is  a  special  privilege  permitting  the  observance  of  an 
Octave  in  honour  of  St  Cuthbert. 

2  I.e.,  in  that  particular  Church,  it  has  a  day  fixed  other  than  elsewhere. 


KALENDAR.  xix 


KALENDAR. 


JANUARY. 

1.  Circumcision  of  our  Lord.      Double  of  the  Second  Class. 

2.  Octave  of  St   Stephen.     Double.     Commemoration   of  the   Octaves   of  St 

Thomas  of  Canterbury,  of  St  John,  and  of  the  Holy  Innocents. 

3.  Octave  of  St  John,  Apostle  and  Evangelist.      Double.      Commemoration  of 

St  Thomas  of  Canterbury,  and  of  the  Octave  of  the  Holy  Innocents. 

4.  Octave  of  the  Holy  Innocents,  Martyrs.     Double.     Commemoration  of  St 

Thomas  of  Canterbury. 

5.  Octave  of  St  Thomas  of  Canterbury,  Martyr.     Double.     Commemoration  of 

the  Eve  of  the  Epiphany  and  of  St  Telesphorus,  Pope  of  Rome,  Martyr. 

6.  EPIPHANY  OF  OUR  LORD.     Double  of  the  First  Class. 

7.  Within  the  Octave  of  the  Epiphany. 

8.  Within  the  Octave. 

9.  Within  the  Octave. 

10.  Within  the  Octave. 

1 1 .  Within  the  Octave.     Commemoration  of  St  Hyginus,  Pope  of  Rome,  and 

Martyr. 

12.  Within  the  Octave. 

*  Lord's  Day  within  the  Octave  of  the  Epiphany.     [_The  Finding  of  the  Child 

JESUS  in  the  Temple.      Greater  Double.      General  Appendix.] 

13.  Octave  of  the  Epiphany.      Double. 

*  Second  Lord's  Day  after  the  Epiphany.      Feast  of  the  Most  Holy  Name  of 

JESUS.     Double  of  the  Second  Class.     Commemoration  of  the  Sunday. 

14.  Hilary,  Bishop  [of  Poitiers,]  Confessor,  and  Doctor  of  the  Church.    Double. 

Commemoration  of  St  Felix,  Priest  and  Martyr, 
i  5.  Paul,  the  First  Hermit.     Double.     Commemoration  of  St  Maurus,  Abbat. 

1 6.  Marcellus,  Pope  and  Martyr.      Semi-double. 

17.  Antony,  Abbat.     Double. 

1 8.  The  Chair  of  St  Peter  at  Rome.      Greater  Double.      Commemoration  of  St 

Paul  and  of  St  Prisca,  Virgin  and  Martyr. 

19.  Wolstan,  Bishop  [of  Worcester,]   Confessor.     Double.     Commemoration  of 

SS.  Maris,  Audifax,  Abachum,  and  Martha,  Martyrs. 

*  Third   Lord's  Day  after  the  Epiphany.      [The  Feast  of  the  Holy  Home, 

JESUS,  Mary,  and  Joseph.      Greater  Double.      Gen.   App.] 

20.  Fabian  and  Sebastian,  Martyrs.     Double. 

2 1 .  Agnes,  Virgin  and  Martyr.      Double. 

22.  Vincent  and  Anastasius.     Semi-double. 

23.  Espousal  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary  to  St  Joseph.      Greater  Double.     Com 

memoration  of  St  Joseph  and  of  Emerentiana,  Virgin  and  Martyr. 

24.  Timothy,  Bishop  [of  Ephesus,]  Martyr.     Double. 


XX  KALENDAR. 

25.  Conversion  of  St  Paul.      Greater  Double.      Commemoration  of  St  Peter. 

26.  Polycarp,  Bishop  [of  Smyrna,]  Martyr.      Double. 

27.  John  Chrysostom,  Patriarch    [of  Constantinople,]  Confessor  and  Doctor  of 

the  Church.     Double. 

28.  Raymond  of  Penafuerte,  Confessor.      Semi- Doubled     Commemoration  of  St 

Agnes  for  the  second  time. 

29.  Francis    de    Sales,    Bishop    [of   Geneva,]    Confessor,    and    Doctor    of   the 

Church.     Double. 

30.  Martina,  Virgin  and  Martyr.      Semi-Double. 

\_Double  in  the  Province  of  Westminster.] 

3 1 .  Peter  Nolasco,  Confessor.      Double. 

*  Friday  after  Septuagesima  Sunday,  Prayer  of  our  Lord  in  the  Garden  of 

Gethsemane.      Greater  Double. 

*  Friday  after  Sexagesima  Sunday,  Sufferings  of  our  Lord.      Greater  Double. 


FEBRUARY. 

1.  Ignatius,  Bishop  [of  Antioch,]  Martyr.     Double. 

2.  Purification  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary.      Double  of  the  Second  Class. 

3.  Laurence,  Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  Confessor.     Double.     Commemoration 

of  Blase,  Bishop  of  Sebaste  in  Armenia,  Martyr. 

4.  Andrew  Corsini,  Bishop  [of  Fiesole,]  Confessor.     Double. 

5.  Agatha,  Virgin  and  Martyr.     Double. 

6.  Titus,  Archbishop  [of  Gortyna  in  Crete,]  Confessor.     Double.     Commem 

oration  of  St  Dorothy,  Virgin  and  Martyr. 

7.  Romuald,  Abbat.     Double. 

8.  John  de  la  Mata,  Confessor.     Double. 

9.  Cyril,  Pope  of  Alexandria,  Confessor,  and  Doctor  of  the  Church.      Double. 

Commemoration  of  St  Apollonia,  Virgin  and  Martyr. 

[The  Twenty-six  Holy  Martyrs  who   suffered    in   Japan.     Double.     Gen. 
App.] 

10.  Scholastica,  Virgin.      Double. 

11.  Gilbert  [of  Sempringham,]  Confessor.      Semi-double. 

12.  Benedict  Biscop,  Abbat,  Confessor.      Double. 

13.  The  Seven  Founders  of  the  Servite  Order,  Confessors.      Double. 
[Kentigern,  Bishop  [of  Glasgow,]  Confessor.     Double.     Gen.  App.] 

1 4.  Valentine,  Priest  and  Martyr. 

[Thomas  Plumtree  and  his  Companions,  Martyrs.      Greater  Double.      Gen. 

App.] 
i  5.   Faustinus  and  Jovita,  Martyrs. 

1 6. 

17.  [The  Flight  of  our  Lord  JESUS  Christ  into  Egypt.      Greater  Double.      Gen. 

App.] 

1 8.  Simeon,  Bishop  [of  Jerusalem,]  Martyr. 
19. 

1  See  vol.  i.  p.  723. 


KALENDAR.  XXI 

20. 
21. 

22.  The  Chair  of  St  Peter  at  Antioch.     Greater  Double.     Commemoration  of  St 

Paul. 

23.  Peter  Damian,  [Cardinal]  Bishop  [of  Ostia,]  Confessor,  and  Doctor  of  the 

Church.      Double.     Commemoration  of  the  Eve. 

24.  Matthias,  Apostle.     Double  of  the  Second  Class. 
25. 

26.  Ethelbert,  King  of  Kent,  Confessor.     Double. 

27.  [Margaret  of  Cortona,  Penitent.      Semi-double.      Gen.  App.] 
28. 

In  Leap- Year  February  has  29  days,  the  additional  day  is  inserted  after  the 

23rd,  the  24th   is  then  the  Eve  of  St  Matthias,  and  the  following  days 

are  each  counted  one  later,  the  Feast  of  St  Matthias  being  the  25th,  &c. 

*  First    Friday  in    Lent,    Coronation   of  our   Lord  with   Thorns.       Greater 

Double. 

Second   Friday   in    Lent,    Piercing   of  Our  Lord  with   Spear   and  Nails. 
Greater  Double. 

Third  Friday  in  Lent,  Enshroudment  of  our  Lord.      Greater  Double. 

Fourth    Friday   in    Lent,    The    Five    Most    Holy    Wounds   of  our   Lord. 
Greater  Double. 


MARCH. 

1 .  David,  Archbishop  [of  Caerleon,]  Confessor.     Double. 

2.  Chad,  Bishop  [of  Lichfield,]  Confessor.      Double. 

3.  Aelred,  Abbat,  Confessor.      Semi-double. 

4.  Casimir,   Confessor.      Semi-double.      Commemoration  of  St  Lucius,  Pope  of 

Rome,  and  Martyr. 

6! 

7.  Thomas  of  Aquino,  Confessor,  and  Doctor  of -the  Church.     Double.     Com 

memoration  of  SS.  Perpetua  and  Felicitas,  Martyrs. 

8.  Felix,  Bishop  [of  Dunwich,]  Confessor.     Double. 

9.  Frances  of  Rome,  Widow.      Double. 

10.  The  Forty  Martyrs.     Semi-double. 

11.  John  of  God,  Confessor.     Double. 

12.  Gregory    [_the   Great,~\    Pope  of  Rome,   Doctor  of  the   Church,  and  Apostle  of 

England.     Double  of  the  Second  Class. 
J3- 

14. 

T5- 
16. 

17.   Patrick,  Archbishop  [of  Armagh,]  Confessor.      Greater  Double. 
I  8.   The  Archangel  Gabriel.      Greater  Double. 

19.   JOSEPH,    HUSBAND   OF   THE    BLESSED  VIRGIN    MARY.       Double  of  the   First 
Class. 


xxii  KALENDAR. 

20.   Cuthbert,  Bishop  [of  Lindisfarne,]  Confessor.     Double. 

[In  the  diocese  of  Hexham  and  Newcastle  this  Feast  has  an  Octave.      See 

Gen.  App.] 

2  i .   Benedict,  Abbat  and  Confessor.      Greater  Double. 
22.  Cyril,  Bishop  [of  Jerusalem,]  Confessor,  and  Doctor  of  the  Church.     Double. 

[Edward,  King  of  England,  Martyr.     Double.     Gen.  App.] 

23- 
24. 

25.  ANNUNCIATION  OF  THE  BLESSED  VIRGIN  MARY.     Double  of  the  First  Class. 

26.  [The  Penitent  Thief.     Double.     Gen.  App.] 

27.  John  of  Damascus,  Confessor,  and  Doctor  of  the  Church.     Double. 

28.  John  of  Capistrano,  Confessor.      Semi-double. 
29. 

30. 
31. 

*  Friday  in  Passion  Week,  Sorrows  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary.      Greater 
Double. 


APRIL. 

i. 

2.  Francis  of  Paola,  Confessor.     Double. 

3.  Richard,  Bishop  [of  Chichester,]  Confessor.      Double. 

4.  Isidore,  Archbishop   [of  Seville,]    Confessor,  and  Doctor   of  the   Church. 

Double. 

5.  Vincent  Ferrer,  Confessor.     Double. 
6. 

7- 

8. 

9- 

10. 

ii.  Leo  the   Great,  Pope  of  Rome,   Confessor,   and   Doctor   of  the   Church. 
Double. 

12. 

13.  Hermenegild,  Martyr.      Semi-double. 

14.  Justin,  Martyr.     Double.     Commemoration  of  SS.  Tiburtius,  Valerian,  and 

Maximus,  Martyrs. 

*5- 

16. 

17.   Stephen  Harding,  Abbat,  Confessor.      Semi-double.     Commemoration  of  St 

Anicete,  Pope  of  Rome,  and  Martyr. 
18. 
19.  jElphege,  Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  Martyr.     Double. 

20. 

2 1 .  Anselm,  Archbishop  [of  Canterbury,]  Confessor,  and  Doctor  of  the  Church. 

Double. 

22.  Soter  and  Caius,  Popes  of  Rome,  and  Martyrs.      Semi-double. 


KALENDAR.  xxiii 

23.  GEORGE,  MARTYR,  PATRON  OF  ENGLAND.     Double  of  the  First  Class. 

24.  Faithful  of  Sigmaringen,  Martyr.     Double.     Commemoration  of  the  Octave 

of  St  George  and  of  St  Mellitus,  Archbishop  of  Canterbury. 

25.  Mark,  Evangelist.     Double  of  the  Second  Class. 

26.  Cletus  and  Marcellinus,  Popes  of  Rome,  and  Martyrs.      Semi-double.     Com 

memoration  of  the  Octave  of  St  George. 

[The   Blessed   Virgin   Mary,    styled   of  Good   Counsel.       Greater   Double. 
Gen.  App.] 

27.  Egbert,   Confessor.      Semi-double.      Commemoration   of  the    Octave   of   St 

George. 

28.  Paul  of  the  Cross,  Confessor.     Double.     Commemoration  of  the  Octave  of 

St  George  and  of  St  Vitalis,  Martyr. 

29.  Peter,  Martyr.     Double.     Commemoration  of  the  Octave  of  St  George. 

30.  Octave  of  St  George,  Martyr.      Double. 

*  Third  Lord's  Day  after   Easter,  Patronage  of  St  Joseph.      Double  of  the 

Second  Class.     Commemoration  of  the  Sunday. 
[In  some  dioceses  this  Feast  has  an  Octave.     See  Gen.  App.] 


MAY. 

1 .  Philip  and  James,  Apostles.      Double  of  the  Second  Class.      Commemoration 

of  St  Asaph,  Bishop  of  St  Asaph. 

[*  First  Lord's  Day  in  May,  The  Blessed  Virgin  Mary,  styled  the  Mother 
of  the  Lord  our  Shepherd.      Greater  Double.      Gen.  App.] 

2.  Athanasius,   Pope   of  Alexandria,   Confessor,   and   Doctor  of  the   Church. 

Double. 

3.  Finding  of  the  Holy  Cross.      Double  of  the  Second  Class.      Commemoration 

of  SS.  Alexander,  Eventius,  and  Theodulus,  Martyrs,  and  Juvenal,  Bishop 
of  Narni,  Confessor. 

4.  John,  Cardinal  Bishop  of  Rochester,  Thomas  More,  and  their  companions, 

Martyrs.      Greater  Double. 

5.  Katharine  of  Sienna,  Virgin.      Double. 

6.  John,  Apostle  and  Evangelist,  before  the  Latin  Gate.      Greater  Double. 

7.  Stanislaw,  Bishop  [of  Crakow,]  Martyr.     Double. 

8.  Manifestation  of  the  Archangel  St  Michael.      Greater  Double. 

9.  Gregory  of  Nazianzus,  Patriarch  [of  Constantinople,]  Confessor,  and  Doctor 

of  the  Church.      Double. 

10.  Antonine,  Archbishop  [of  Florence,]  Confessor.     Double.     Commemoration 

of  SS.  Gordian  and  Epimachus,  Martyrs. 

11.  Pius  V.,  Pope  of  Rome,  Confessor.     Double. 

[John    Rochester   and    James  Walworth    and    their    Companions,    Martyrs. 
Double.     Gen.  App.] 

12.  Nereus,  Achilles,  the  Virgin  Domitilla,  and  Pancras,  Martyrs.      Semi-double. 
[Lowliness  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary.      Greater  Double.      Gen.  App.] 

13.  Walburg,  Virgin.     Double. 

14.  Monica,  Widow.     Double.     Commemoration  of  St  Boniface,  Martyr. 


xxiv  KALENDAR. 

i  5.    [Jean-Baptiste  de  la  Salle,  Confessor.     Double.      Gen.  App.] 

[The    Blessed  Virgin    Mary,    styled    Mother   of  Grace.       Greater   Double. 
Gen.   App.] 

1 6.  Simon  Stock,  Confessor.     Double. 

17.  Paschal  Baylon,  Confessor.     Double. 

1 8.  Venantius,  Martyr.     Double. 

19.  Dunstan,  Archbishop  [of  Canterbury,]   Confessor.     Double.     Commemora 

tion  of  St  Pudentiana,  Virgin. 

20.  Bernardine  of  Sienna.     Semi-double.  t 

2 1 .  Peter  Celestine,  Pope  of  Rome,  Confessor.     Double. 

22.  Ubald,  Bishop  [of  Gubbio,]  Confessor.      Semi- double. 

23.  John  Baptist  de'  Rossi,  Confessor.      Double. 

24.  The  Blessed  Virgin  Mary,  styled  "  Help  of  Christians."      Greater  Double. 
[In  the  dioceses  of  Shrewsbury  and  Westminster,  Double  of  the  First  Class, 

with  an  Octave.      Gen.  App.] 

25.  Aldhelm,  Bishop  [of  Sherborne,]  Confessor.     Double.     Commemoration  of 

St  Urban,  Pope  of  Rome,  and  Martyr. 

26.  AUGUSTINE,  ARCHBISHOP  OF  CANTERBURY,  CONFESSOR,  APOSTLE  OF  ENGLAND. 

Double  of  the  First  Class. 

27.  Bede  the  Venerable,  Confessor,  and  Doctor  of  the  Church.      Greater  Double. 

Commemoration  of  the  Octave  of  St  Augustine  and  of  St  John  I.,  Pope 
of  Rome,  and  Martyr. 

28.  Gregory  VII.,  Pope  of  Rome,  Confessor.      Double.     Commemoration  of  the 

Octave  of  St  Augustine. 

[The  Blessed  Margaret   Pole,   Countess    [of  Salisbury,]    Martyr.      Double. 
Gen.  App.] 

29.  Eleutherius,   Pope    of   Rome,   Martyr.      Double.      Commemoration   of  the 

Octave  of  St  Augustine. 

30.  John  of  Nepomuc,  Martyr.      Double.     Commemoration  of  the  Octave  of  St 

Augustine  and  of  St  Felix,  Pope  of  Rome,  and  Martyr. 

31.  Angela    Merici,   Virgin.     Double.      Commemorations   of  the    Octave    of  St 

Augustine  and   of  St  Petronilla,  Virgin. 

*  Third  Lord's  Day  after  Pentecost,  the  Most  Sacred  Heart  of  JESUS. 
Double  of  the  First  Class.     Commemoration  of  the  Sunday. 


JUNE. 

1.  Within  the  Octave  of  St  Augustine  of  Canterbury. 

2.  Octave  of  St  Augustine  of  Canterbury.      Double.     Commemoration  of  SS. 

Marcellinus,  Peter,  and  Elmo,  Martyrs. 

3.  Mary  Magdalen  de'  Pazzi,  Virgin.      Double. 

4.  Francis  Caracciolo,  Confessor.      Double. 

5.  Boniface,  Archbishop  [of  Maintz,]  Martyr.     Double. 

[In  the  diocese  of  Plymouth,  a  Double  of  the  First   Class,  with  an  Octave. 
Gen.  App.] 

6.  Norbert,  Archbishop  [of  Magdeburg,]  Confessor.     Double. 

7- 


KALENDAR.  XXV 

8.  William,  Archbishop  of  York,  Confessor.     Double. 

9.  Primus  and  Felician,  Martyrs. 

\_In   the  diocese   of  Portsmouth,  Translation  of  St   Edmund,   Archbishop  of 

Canterbury,  Confessor.      Greater  Double.      Gen.  App.J 
10.   Margaret,  Queen  of  Scots,  Widow.      Double. 
i  I .   Barnabas,  Apostle.      Greater  Double. 

12.  John  of  San  Fagondez.     Double.     Commemoration  of  SS.  Basilides,  Cyrinus, 

Nabor,  and  Nazarius,  Martyrs. 

13.  Anthony  of  Padua,  Confessor.     Double. 

14.  Basil  the  Great,  Archbishop  [of  Csesarea-in-Pontus,]  Confessor  and  Doctor 

of  the  Church.      Double. 

15.  Philip  Neri,  Confessor.      Double.      Commemoration  of  SS.  Vitus,  Modestus, 

and  Crescentia,  Martyrs. 

1 6. 

17.  Botolph,  Abbat,  Confessor.      Semi-double. 

[Lord's  Day  before  the  birth  of  St  John  the   Baptist,  the  Blessed  Virgin 
Mary,  styled  of  Perpetual  Succour.      Greater  Double.      Gen.   App.J 

1 8.  Mark  and  Marcellian,  Martyrs. 

19.  Juliana  de'   Falconieri,  Virgin.      Double.     Commemoration  of  SS.   Gervase 

and  Protase,  Martyrs. 

20.  Silverius,  Pope  of  Rome,  and  Martyr. 

21.  Aloysius  Gonzaga,  Confessor.      Double. 

22.  Alban,    Proto-Martyr    of   Britain.       Greater  Double.       Commemoration   of 

Paulinus,   Bishop  of  Nola,  Confessor. 

[First  Free  Day  after  June  22,  the  Blessed  John  Fisher,  Cardinal  Bishop  of 
Rochester,  Martyr.      Greater  Double.      Gen.  App.] 

23.  Etheldreda,  Virgin.     Double.     Commemoration  of  Midsummer  Eve. 

24.  BIRTH  OF  ST  JOHN  THE  BAPTIST.      Double  of  the  First  Class. 

25.  William,  Abbat,  Confessor.     Double.      Commemoration  of  the  Octave  of  St 

John. 

26.  John  and  Paul,   Martyrs.     Double.      Commemoration   of  the  Octave  of  St 

John. 

27.  Within  the  Octave  of  the  Birth  of  St  John. 

28.  Leo  II.,  Pope  of  Rome,  and   Confessor.      Semi-double.     Commemoration  of 

the  Octave  of  St  John,  and  of  the  Eve  of  the  Apostles. 

29.  PETER  AND  PAUL,  APOSTLES.     Double  of  the  First  Class. 
[Commemoration  of  all  the  Holy  Apostles.      Gen.  App.J 

30.  Commemoration  of  St  Paul.      Greater  Double.     Commemoration  of  St  Peter, 

and  of  the  Octave  of  St  John. 


JULY. 

*  First  Lord's  Day  in  July,  the  Most  Precious  Blood  of  our  Lord  JESUS 
Christ.  Double  of  the  Second  Class.  Commemoration  of  the  Sunday. 

Octave  of  the  Birth  of  St  John  the  Baptist.  Double.  Commemoration  of 
the  Octave  of  SS.  Peter  and  Paul. 


xxvi  KALENDAR. 

2.  Visitation  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary.     Double  of  the  Second  Class.      Com 

memoration  of  SS.  Processus  and  Martinian,  Martyrs. 

3.  Within  the  Octave  of  the  Apostles. 

4.  Within  the  Octave  of  the  Apostles. 

5.  Anthony   Mary    Zaccaria,    Confessor.      Double.      Commemoration    of    the 

Octave  of  the  Apostles. 

6.  Octave  of  the  Holy  Apostles  Peter  and  Paul.     Double. 

[First  Free  Day  after  July  6,  the  Blessed  Thomas  More,  Martyr.      Greater 
Double.      Gen.  App.] 

7.  Translation  of  Thomas,  Archbishop  [of  Canterbury],  Martyr.    Greater  Double. 
*  Second  Lord's  Day  in  July,  the  Holy  Relics.      Greater  Double.      Com 
memoration  of  the  Sunday. 

8.  Isabel,  Queen  of  Portugal,  Widow.      Semi-double. 

9.  Willibald,  Bishop  of  Eichstad,  Confessor.     Double. 

10.  The  Seven  Brethren  and  the  Holy  Virgins  Rufina  and  Secunda,  all  Martyrs. 

Semi- double. 

11.  Cyril,    Bishop   of  Moravia,   and    Methodius,    Bishop   of  KiefF,   Confessors. 

Double.     Commemoration  of  St  Pius  I.,  Pope  and  Martyr. 

12.  John  Gualberto,  Abbat  [of  Passignano,]      Double.     Commemoration  of  SS. 

Nabor  and  Felix,  Martyrs. 

13.  Anaclete,  Pope  of  Rome,  and  Martyr.      Semi-double. 

14.  "  Buona- ventura,"  [Cardinal]  Bishop   [of  Albano,]  Confessor,  and  Doctor 

of  the  Church.      Double. 

15.  Swithun,  Bishop  [of  Winchester,]  Confessor.      Double. 
[The  Division  of  the  Apostles.      Double.      Gen.  App.] 

[Third  Sunday  in  July,  Commemoration  of  All  the  Holy  Bishops  of  Rome. 
Double.      Gen.  App.] 

1 6.  The  Blessed  Virgin  Mary,  styled  of  Mount  Carmel.      Greater  Double. 
[In  the  diocese  of  Salford,  Double  of  the  First  Class.      Gen.  App.] 

17.  Osmund,  Bishop  [of  Salisbury,]  Confessor.     Double. 

1 8.  Camillus  de'  Lelli,  Confessor.     Double.     Commemoration  of  St  Symphorosa 

and  her  Seven  Sons,  Martyrs. 

19.  Vincent  de  Paul,  Confessor.     Double. 

20.  Jerome  Miani,  Confessor.     Double.     Commemoration  of  St  Margaret,  Virgin 

and  Martyr. 

21.  Henry  II.,  Emperor  of  the  Romans,  Confessor.      Semi-double.     Commem 

oration  of  St  Praxedes,  Virgin. 

22.  Mary  Magdalen.      Double. 

23.  Apollinaris,  Bishop  [of  Ravenna,]  Martyr.     Double.     Commemoration  of  St 

Liborius,  Bishop  of  Mans,  Confessor. 

24.  Alexis,  Confessor.      Semi-double.     Commemoration  of  the  Eve  of  St  James, 

and  of  St  Christina,  Virgin  and  Martyr. 

25.  James,  Apostle.     Double  of  the  Second  Class.     Commemoration  of  St  Chris 

topher,  Martyr. 

26.  Anne,  Mother  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary.      Double  of  the  Second  Class. 
[/»  the  diocese  of  Leeds,  Double  of  the  First  Class.      Gen.  App.] 

27.  Pantaleon,  Martyr. 

28.  Nazarius,  Celsus,  and  Victor,  Martyrs,  and  Innocent,  Pope  of  Rome,  and 

Confessor.      Semi-double. 


KALENDAR.  xxvii 

29.  Martha,  Virgin.      Semi-double.     Commemoration   of  SS.    Felix,   Simplicius, 

Faustinus,  and  Beatrix,  Martyrs. 

30.  Germanus,  Bishop  of  Auxerre,  Confessor.     Double.     Commemoration  of  SS. 

Abdon  and  Sennen,  Martyrs. 

31.  Ignatius,  Confessor.     Double. 


AUGUST. 

1.  The  Chains  of  St  Peter.      Greater  Double.     Commemoration  of  the  Holy 

Machabees,  Martyrs. 

2.  Alphonsus  Maryde'  Liguori,  Bishop  [of  Santa- Agata-de'-Goti,]  Confessor, 

and   Doctor   of  the  Church.      Double.      Commemoration  of  St  Stephen, 
Pope  of  Rome,  and  Martyr. 

3.  Finding  of  the  body  of  St  Stephen,  the  First  Martyr.      Semi-double. 

4.  Dominick,  Confessor.      Greater  Double. 

5.  Dedication  of  St  Mary's  of  the  Snows.      Greater  Double. 

6.  Transfiguration    of    our    Lord.       Greater   Double.       Commemoration    of  St 

Xystus,  Pope  of  Rome,  and  SS.   Felicissimus  and  Agapitus,  Martyrs. 

7.  Gae'tan,  Confessor.      Double.      Commemoration   of  St    Donatus,   Bishop  of 

Arezzo,  Martyr. 

8.  Cyriacus,  Largus,  and  Smaragdus,  Martyrs.     Semi-double. 

9.  Oswald,  King  of  the  Northumbrians,  Martyr.     Double.     Commemoration  of 

the  Eve  of  St  Lawrence,  and  of  St  Romanus,  Martyr. 
1  o.   Lawrence,  Martyr.      Double  of  the  Second  Class. 

11.  Within  the  Octave  of  St  Lawrence.     Commemoration  of  SS.  Tiburtius  and 

Susanna. 

12.  Clare,  Virgin.     Double.      Commemoration  of  the  Octave  of  St  Lawrence. 

13.  Within  the  Octave  of  St  Lawrence.     Commemoration  of  SS.  Hippolytus 

and  Cassian,  Martyrs. 

14.  Within  the  Octave  of  St  Lawrence.      Commemoration  of  the  Eve  of  the 

Assumption,  and  of  St  Eusebius,  Confessor. 

1 5.  ASSUMPTION  OF  THE  BLESSED  VIRGIN  MARY.     Double  of  the  First  Class. 

*  The  Lord's  Day  within  the  Octave  of  the  Assumption,  St  Joachim,  Con 
fessor,  Father  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary.  Double  of  the  Second  Class. 
Commemoration  of  the  Sunday. 

1 6.  Hyacinth,  Confessor.     Double.     Commemoration  of  the  two  Octaves. 

17.  Octave  of  St  Lawrence.     Double.     Commemoration  of  the  Octave  of  the 

Assumption. 

1 8.  Helen,  Empress  of  the  Romans,  Widow.     Double.      Commemoration  of  the 

Octave  of  the  Assumption,  and  of  St  Agapitus,  Martyr. 

19.  Within  the  Octave  of  the  Assumption. 

20.  Bernard,   Abbat    [of  Clairvaux,]    Confessor,   and   Doctor   of  the   Church. 

Double.     Commemoration  of  the  Octave  of  the  Assumption. 

21.  Jeanne   Frances  Fremiot  de  Chantal,  Widow.     Double.     Commemoration  of 

the  Octave  of  the  Assumption. 

22.  Octave   of  the  Assumption  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary.     Double.     Com 

memoration  of  SS.   Timothy,  Hippolytus,  and  Symphorian,   Martyrs. 


xxviii  KALENDAR. 

*  The  Lord's  Day  after  the  Octave  of  the  Assumption  of  the  Blessed  Virgin 
Mary.  [Office  of  the  Most  Pure  Heart  of  the  Blessed  Virgin.  Greater 
Double.  Vol.  in.,  Gen.  App.,  p.  1028  ;  vol.  iv.,  Gen.  App.,  p.  916.] 

23.  Philip    Benizzi,    Confessor.       Double.       Commemoration   of  the   Eve  of  St 

Bartholomew. 

24.  Bartholomew,  Apostle.      Double  of  the  Second  Class. 

25.  Louis  IX.,  King  of  France,  Confessor.      Semi-double. 

26.  Zephyrinus,  Pope  of  Rome,  and  Martyr. 

27.  Joseph  Casalanz,  Confessor.      Double. 

28.  Austin,  Bishop  [of  Hippo,]  Confessor,  and  Doctor  of  the  Church.     Double. 

Commemoration  of  St  Hermes,  Martyr. 

29.  Beheading  of  St  John  the  Baptist.      Greater  Double.     Commemoration  of  St 

Sabina,  Martyr. 

30.  Rose  of  Lima,  Virgin.      Double.      Commemoration  of  SS.   Felix  and  him 

that  joined  him,   Martyrs. 

31.  Aidan,  Bishop  [of  Lindisfarne,]  Confessor.     Double. 


SEPTEMBER. 

1.  Raymond  the  Unborn,   Confessor.      Double.     Commemoration  of  St   Giles, 

Abbat,  and  of  the  Twelve  Holy  Brethren,  Martyrs. 

2.  Stephen,  King  of  Hungary,  Confessor.      Semi-double. 

4.  [Translation  of  St  Cuthbert,  Bishop  [of  Lindisfarne]  and  Confessor.     Greater 

Double  in  the  diocese  of  Hex  ham.      Gen.  App.] 

5.  Lawrence  de'  Giustiniani,  Patriarch  of  Venice,  Confessor.     Semi-double. 
6. 

8.  Birth  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary.     Double  of  the  Second  Class.     Commem 

oration  of  St  Adrian,  Martyr. 

*  The  Lord's  Day  within  the  Octave,  The  Holy  Name  of  the  Blessed  Virgin 

Mary.      Greater  Double.      Commemoration  of  the  Sunday. 

9.  Within  the  Octave  of  the  Birth  of  the  Blessed  Virgin.      Commemoration  of 

St  Gorgonius,  Martyr. 

10.  Nicolas  of  Tolentino.     Double.     Commemoration  of  the  Octave  of  the  Birth 

of  the  Blessed  Virgin. 

11.  Within  the  Octave  of  the  Birth  of  the  Blessed  Virgin.      Commemoration  of 

SS.  Protus  and  Hyacinth,  Martyrs. 

12.  Within  the  Octave  of  the  Birth  of  the  Blessed  Virgin. 

13.  Within  the  Octave  of  the  Birth  of  the  Blessed  Virgin. 

14.  Uplifting   of  the    Holy  Cross.       Greater  Double.      Commemoration   of  the 

Octave  of  the  Birth  of  the  Blessed  Virgin. 

i  5.   Octave  of  the  Birth  of  the  Blessed  Virgin.      Double.     Commemoration  of  St 
Nicomede,  Martyr. 

*  Third  Lord's  Day  in  this  Month,  The  Seven  Sorrows  of  the  Blessed  Virgin 

Mary.     Greater  Double.     Commemoration  of  the  Sunday. 


KALENDAR.  xxix 

1 6.  Cornelius,    Pope    of    Rome,    and    Cyprian,    Bishop    of    Carthage,    Martyrs. 

Semi-double.     Commemoration  of  SS.   Euphemia,   Lucy,  and  Geminian, 
Martyrs. 

17.  Marking  of  the  Body  of  St  Francis  with  the  marks  of  Our  Lord.      Double. 

1 8.  Joseph  of  Cupertino,  Confessor.      Double. 

19.  Januarius,  Bishop  [of  Benevento,]  and  his  Companions,  Martyrs.     Double. 

20.  Eustace,  Agapitus,   Theopistus,    and    Theopista,    Martyrs.      Double.     Com 

memoration  of  the   Eve  of  St  Matthew. 

21.  Matthew,  Apostle  and  Evangelist.      Double  of  the  Second  Class. 

22.  Thomas    of   Villanueva,    Archbishop    [of  Valencia,]    Confessor.       Double. 

Commemoration  of  St  Maurice  and  his  Companions,   Martyrs. 

23.  Linus,   Pope  of  Rome,   and  Martyr.      Semi-double.      Commemoration  of  St 

Thecla,  Virgin  and  Martyr. 

24.  The  Blessed  Virgin  Mary,  styled  "  of  Ransom."      Greater  Double. 

25.  Ninian,  Bishop  [of  Galloway,]  Confessor.     Double. 

26.  Theodore,  Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  Confessor.      Double.     Commemoration 

of  SS.  Cyprian  and  Justina,  Martyrs. 

27.  Cosmas  and  Damian,  Martyrs.      Semi-double. 

28.  Wenceslaus,  Duke  [of  Bohemia,]  Martyr.      Semi-double. 

29.  Dedication  of  the  Church  of  St  Michael,  the  Archangel.     Double  of  the  Second 

Class. 

[In  the  dioceses  of  Menevia  and  Newport,  ST  MICHAEL  AND  ALL  ANGELS. 
Double  of  the  First  Class.      Gen.  App.] 

30.  Jerome,  Priest,   Confessor,  and    Doctor    of  the   Church.       Double.       Com 

memoration  of  St  Honorius,  Archbishop  of  Canterbury. 


OCTOBER. 

*  First  Lord's  Day  in  the   Month,  The  Holy  Rosary  of  the  Blessed  J7irgin 
Mary.     Double  of  the  Second  Class.      Commemoration  of  the  Sunday. 

1 .  Remy,  Bishop  of  Rheims,  Confessor.      Simple  or  Semi-double  at  will. 

2.  The  Guardian  Angels.      Greater  Double. 

3.  Thomas,  Bishop  of  Hereford,  Confessor.      Double. 

4.  Francis,  Confessor.      Greater  Double. 

5.  Placidus  and  his  Companions,  Martyrs. 

6.  Bruno,  Confessor.      Double. 

7.  Mark,  Pope  of  Rome,  Confessor.     Commemoration  of  SS.  Sergius  and  his 

Companions,  Martyrs. 

*.  Second  Lord's  Day  in  the  Month.  Motherhood  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary. 
Greater  Double.      Commemoration  of  the  Sunday. 

8.  Bridget,  Princess  of  Nericia,  Widow.      Double. 

9.  Denys,  Bishop  of  Paris,  Rusticus,  and  Eleutherius,  Martyrs.      Semi-double. 

10.  Paulinus,  Archbishop  of  York,  Confessor.      Double. 

11.  Francis  Borgia,  Confessor.      Semi-double. 

12.  Wilfred,  Archbishop  [of  York,]  Confessor.      Double. 

13.  Ednvard,  King  of  England,  Confessor.      Double  of  the  Second  Class. 


XXX  KALENDAR. 

14.  Kallistus,  Pope  of  Rome,  Martyr.     Double.     Commemoration  of  the  Octave 

of  St  Edward. 

*  Third   Lord's  Day  in   the    Month,   Purity    of  the   Blessed  Virgin  Mary. 

Greater  Double.     Commemoration  of  the  Sunday. 

1 5.  Theresa,  Virgin.     Double.     Commemoration  of  the  Octave  of  St  Edward. 

16.  Within  the  Octave  of  St  Edward. 

17.  ladwiga,   Widow.       Semi-double.      Commemoration    of   the   Octave    of    St 

Edward. 

1 8.  Luke,  Evangelist.     Double  of  the  Second  Class. 

19.  Peter  of  Alcantara,  Confessor.      Double.      Commemoration  of  the  Octave 

of  St  Edward. 
[In  the  diocese  of  Shrewsbury,  Double  of  the  First  Class.      Gen.  App.] 

20.  Octave  of  St  Edward.     Double. 

21.  Ursula  and  her  Companions,  Virgins  and  Martyrs.      Greater  Double.     Com 

memoration  of  St  Hilarion,  Abbat. 

*  Fourth  Lord's  Day  in  the  Month,  Patronage  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary. 

Greater  Double.     Commemoration  of  the  Sunday. 

22.  John  of  Kenty,  Confessor.     Double. 

23.  Feast  of  the  Most  Holy  Redeemer.      Greater  Double. 

24.  The  Archangel  Raphael.      Greater  Double. 

25.  John  of  Beverley,  Archbishop  [of  York,]  Confessor.     Double.     Commem 

oration  of  SS.  Chrysanthus  and  Daria,  Martyrs. 

26.  Evaristus,  Pope  of  Rome,  Martyr. 

27.  Eve  of  SS.  Simon  and  Jude. 

28.  Simon  and  Jude,  Apostles.      Double  of  the  Second  Class. 
29. 

3°- 

1.   Eve  of  All  Saints. 


NOVEMBER. 

1.  FEAST  OF  ALL  THE  SAINTS.     Double  of  the  First  Class. 

2.  Within   the   Octave   of  All    Saints.      Commemoration   of  all   the    Faithful 

Departed. 

3.  Winefrid,  Virgin  and  Martyr.     Double.     Commemoration  of  the  Octave  of 

All  Saints. 

4.  Charles,    [Cardinal]    Archbishop    [of  Milan,]    Confessor.      Double.     Com 

memoration    of    the    Octave   of  All    Saints,    and   of  Saints   Vitalis   and 
Agricola,  Martyrs. 

5.  Within  the  Octave  of  All  Saints. 

6.  Within  the  Octave  of  All  Saints. 

7.  Within  the  Octave  of  All  Saints. 

8.  Octave  of  All  Saints.      Double.       Commemoration   of  the   Four  Crowned 

Martyrs. 

9.  Dedication  of  the  Cathedral  Church  of  Our  Most  Holy  Saviour.      Greater 

Double.     Commemoration  of  St  Theodore,  Martyr. 


KALENDAR.  xxxi 

10.  Andrew  Avellino,   Confessor.      Double.     Commemoration  of  SS.   Tryphon, 

Respicius,  and  the  Virgin  Nympha,  Martyrs,  and  of  St  Justus,  Bishop  of 
Rochester,  Confessor. 

11.  Martin,    Bishop    [of  Tours,]    Confessor.     Double.     Commemoration   of  St 

Mennas,  Martyr. 

12.  Martin,  Pope  of  Rome,  Martyr.      Semi-double. 

13.  Diego,  Confessor.      Semi-double. 

14.  Erconwald,  Bishop  of  London,  Confessor.     Double. 

[Thomas  Percy,  Earl  of  Northumberland,  Martyr.      Greater  Double.     Gen. 
^   App.] 

15.  Gertrude,  Virgin.      Double. 

1 6.  Edmund  Rich,  Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  Confessor.     Double. 

[In  the  diocese  of  Portsmouth,  EDMUND  OF  CANTERBURY.     Double  of  the 
First  Class.     Gen.  App.] 

17.  Hew,  Bishop  of  Lincoln,  Confessor.      Double. 

I  8.   Dedication  of  the  Churches  of  SS.  Peter  and  Paul.      Greater  Double. 

19.  Elizabeth,   Widow.      Double.       Commemoration    of    St   Pontian,    Pope   of 

Rome,  and  Martyr. 

20.  Edmund,  King  of  the  East  Angles,  Martyr.      Greater  Double. 

21.  Presentation  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary.      Greater  Double. 

22.  Cecily,  Virgin  and  Martyr.      Double. 

23.  Clement,  Pope  of  Rome,  Martyr.      Double.     Commemoration  of  St  Felicity, 

Martyr. 

24.  John  of  the  Cross,  Confessor.     Double.     Commemoration  of  St  Chrysogonus, 

Martyr. 

25.  Katharine,  Virgin  and  Martyr.      Double. 

26.  Sylvester,  Abbat,  Confessor.      Double.      Commemoration  of  St  Peter,  Pope 

of  Alexandria,  Martyr. 

27.  Gregory,  the  Wonder-worker,  Bishop  [of  Neo-Caesarea  in  Pontus,]  Con 

fessor.     Double. 

28.  Jehoshaphat,  Archbishop  of  Polotsk,  Martyr.      Double. 

29.  Willibrord,  Archbishop  of  Utrecht,  Confessor.     Double.     Commemoration  of 

the  Eve  of  St  Andrew,  if  out  of  Advent,  and  of  St  Saturninus,  Martyr. 
[Cuthbert  Maine,  Martyr.      Double.      Gen.  App.] 

30.  Andrew,  Apostle.     Double  of  the  Second  Class. 


DECEMBER. 

1.  Felix  de  Valois,  Confessor.     Double. 

[Edmund  Campion  and  his  Companions,  Martyrs.      Double.      Gen.  App.] 

2.  Bibiana,  Virgin  and  Martyr.      Semi-double. 

3.  Francis  Xavier,  Confessor.      Double.1 

4.  Peter  Chrysologus,  Archbishop  [of  Ravenna,]  Confessor,  and  Doctor  of  the 

Church.      Double.     Commemoration  of  St  Barbara,  Virgin  and  Martyr. 

1  Since  raised  to  the  rank  of  a  Greater  Double. 


xxxii  KALENDAR. 

5.  Brian,  Bishop  [of  Dorchester,]  Confessor.     Double.     Commemoration  of  St 

Saba,  Abbat. 

6.  Nicolas,  Archbishop  [of  Myra,]  Confessor.      Double. 

[In  diocese  of  Liverpool,  Double  of  the  First  Class.     Gen.  App.] 

7.  Ambrose,    Bishop    [of    Milan,]    Confessor,    and    Doctor    of   the    Church. 

Double. 

8.  IMMACULATE  CONCEPTION    OF   THE   BLESSED  VIRGIN   MARY.     Double  of  the 

First  Class. 

9.  Within  the  Octave  of  the  Conception. 

10.  Within  the  Octave  of  the  Conception.     Commemoration  of  St  Melchiades, 

Pope  of  Rome,  Martyr. 
[Translation  of  the  Holy  House  of  Loreto.      Greater  Double.      Gen.  App.] 

1 1 .  Damasus,  Pope  of  Rome,  Confessor.      Semi-double.      Commemoration  of  the 

Octave  of  the  Conception. 

12.  Within  the  Octave  of  the  Conception. 

13.  Lucy,  Virgin  and  Martyr.      Double.     Commemoration  of  the  Octave  of  the 

Conception. 

14.  Within  the  Octave  of  the  Conception. 

15.  Octave  of  the  Immaculate  Conception  of  the  Blessed  Virgin.      Double. 

1 6.  Eusebius,  Bishop  [of  Vercelli,]  Martyr.      Semi-double. 
17. 

[8.  The  Blessed  Virgin  Mary  looking  shortly  to  be  delivered.      Greater  Double. 
19. 

20.  Eve  of  St  Thomas. 

2 1 .  Thomas,  Apostle.      Double  of  the  Second  Class. 

22. 

23- 

24.  Christmas  Eve. 

25.  BIRTHDAY  OF  OUR   LORD  JESUS  CHRIST.     Double  of  the  First  Class. 

26.  Stephen,  the  First  Martyr.      Double  of  the   Second  Class.      Commemoration 

of  the  Octave  of  Christmas. 

27.  John,  Apostle  and  Evangelist.      Double  of  the  Second  Class.      Commemora 

tion  of  the  Octaves  of  Christmas  and  of  St  Stephen. 

28.  The  Holy  Innocents.     Double  of  the   Second  Class.      Commemoration  of  the 

Octaves  of  Christmas,  of  St  Stephen,  and  of  St  John. 

29.  THOMAS,    ARCHBISHOP    OF    CANTERBURY,    MARTYR.       Double   of  the    First 

Class.1     Commemoration  of  the  Octaves  of  Christmas,  [of  St  Stephen, 
of  St  John,  and  of  the   Innocents.] 

30.  Office  of  the   Sunday  within  the   Octave  of  Christmas,  or    of  the  Octave. 

Commemorations    of   the    Octaves    of  [Christmas,]    of    St    Thomas    of 
Canterbury,  of  St  Stephen,  of  St  John,  and  of  the  Innocents. 

31.  Silvester,    Pope    of    Rome,    Confessor.      Double.      Commemoration    of   the 

Octaves   of  Christmas,    of    St    Thomas   of  Canterbury,   of  St    Stephen, 
of  St  John,  and  of  the   Innocents. 

1  See  the  note  to  the  Office  in  the  Breviary. 


PRAYERS.      ABSOLUTIONS    AND    BLESSINGS.  XXxiii 

PRAYERS.     ABSOLUTIONS   AND    BLESSINGS. 

A  PRAYER  BEFORE  A  SERVICE. 

O  Lord,  open  Thou  my  mouth  that  I  may  bless  Thy  Holy  Name.  Cleanse 
my  heart  from  all  vain,  evil,  and  wandering  thoughts ;  enlighten  my  under 
standing  ;  kindle  my  affections,  that  I  may  pray  to,  and  praise  Thee  with 
attention  and  devotion  ;  and  may  worthily  be  heard  before  the  presence  of 
Thy  Divine  Majesty.  Through  Christ  our  Lord.  Amen. 

Lord,  in  union  with  that  Divine  Intention  wherewith  Thou  didst  Thyself 
praise  God,  while  as  Thou  wast  on  earth,  I  offer  these  Hours  unto  Thee. 

A  PRAYER  AFTER  A  SERVICE. 

In  respect  of  which  Pope  Leo  X.  has  granted  to  all  persons  ewho  after  saying 
the  Divine  Office  shall  devoutly  recite  it  on  their  knees  ^  condonation  of  the  shortcomings 
and  faults  committed  by  them  from  human  frailty  in  saying  the  Office. 

To  the  Most  Holy  and  undivided  Trinity,  to  the  Manhood  of  our  Lord 
JESUS  Christ  Crucified,  to  the  fruitful  Virginity  of  the  most  blessed  and  most 
glorious  Mary,  always  a  Virgin,  and  to  the  holiness  of  all  the  Saints  be  ascribed 
everlasting  praise,  honour,  and  glory,  by  all  creatures,  and  to  us  be  granted  the 
forgiveness  of  all  our  sins,  world  without  end.  Amen. 

Verse.  Blessed  be  the  womb  of  the  Virgin  Mary  which  bore  the  Son  of 
the  Eternal  Father. 

Answer.     And  blessed  be  the  paps  which  gave  suck  to  Christ  our  Lord. 

Then  are  said  the  Lord's  Prayer  and  the  Angelic  Salutation. 


SUMMARY  OF  THE  ABSOLUTIONS  AND  BLESSINGS  PRONOUNCED  AT  MATTINS. 

In  the  First  Nocturn,  and  on  Monday  and  Thursday. 

Absolution. 

Graciously  hear,  O  Lord  JESUS  Christ,  the  prayers  of  Thy  servants,  and 
have  mercy  upon  us:  Who  livest  and  reignest  with  the  Father,  and  the  Holy 
Ghost,  world  without  end.  Amen. 

First  Blessing. 

May  the  Eternal  Father  bless  us 
With  an  eternal  blessing.      Amen. 

Second  Blessing. 

May  the  Son,  the  Sole-begotten, 
Mercifully  bless  and  keep  us.      Amen. 


xxxiv  PRAYERS.      ABSOLUTIONS   AND    BLESSINGS. 


Third  Blessing. 

May  the  grace  of  God  the  Spirit 

All  our  heart  and  mind  enlighten.      Amen. 

In  the  Second  Nocturn,  and  on  Tuesday  and  Friday. 
Absolution. 

May  His  loving-kindness  and  mercy  help  us,  Who  liveth  and  reigneth  with 
the  Father,  and  the  Holy  Ghost,  world  without  end.      Amen. 

Fourth  Blessing. 

God  the  Father  Omnipotent, 

Be  to  us  merciful  and  clement.      Amen. 

Fifth  Blessing. 

May  Christ  to  all  His  people  give, 
For  ever  in  His  sight  to  live.      Amen. 

Sixth  Blessing. 

May  the  Spirit's  fire  Divine 

In  our  hearts  enkindled  shine.     Amen. 

In  the  Third  Nocturn,  and  on  Wednesday  and  Saturday. 
Absolution. 

May  the    Almighty   and    merciful    Lord    loose  us   from   the   bonds   of    our 
sins.      Amen. 

Seventh  Blessing. 

May  the  Gospel's  holy  lection 

Be  our  safety  and  protection.      Amen. 

Eighth  Blessing. 

God's  most  mighty  strength  alway 
Be  His  people's  staff  and  stay.      Amen. 

For  Feasts  of  Saints. 

He  (or  she  or  they)  whose  feast-day  we  are  keeping, 
Be  our  Advocate  (or  Advocates)  with  God. 

For  Feasts  of  the  Blessed  Virgin. 

She  whose  feast-day  we  are  keeping — 
Mary,  blessed  Maid  of  Maidens, 
Be  our  Advocate  with  God. 


PRAYERS.      ABSOLUTIONS   AND   BLESSINGS.  XXXV 

Ninth  Blessing. 

May  He  that  is  the  Angels'  King 

To  that  high  realm  His  people  bring.     Amen. 

Or,  if  another  Gospel  and  Homily  are  to  be  begun, 

May  the  Gospel's  glorious  word 
Cleansing  to  our  souls  afford. 

On  days  of  Three  Lessons  the  Absolution  and  Blessings  are  as  above,  according 
to  the  Week-day,  with  the  following  exceptions :  First  Blessing  on  Wednesday  or 
Saturday,  (not  the  Simple  Office  of  the  Blessed  Virgin,)  if  the  First  Lesson  be 
not  Gospel  with  Homily, 

May  His  blessing  be  upon  us 
Who  doth  live  and  reign  for  ever. 

Whenever  the  First  Lesson  is  Gospel  with  Homily,  the  Blessings  are  from  the 
Third  Nocturn. 

If  the  Office  be  of  a  Saint  or  Saints,  the  Blessings  are  : 

First  Blessing. 

May  His  blessing  be  upon  us 
Who  doth  live  and  reign  for  ever. 

Second  Blessing. 

He  (or  she  or  they)  whose  feast-day  we  are  keeping, 
Be  our  Advocate  (or  Advocates)  with  God. 

Third  Blessing. 

May  He  that  is  the  Angels'  King 

To  that  high  realm  His  people  bring.      Amen. 

The  Absolution  and  Blessings  in  the  Simple  Office  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  for 
Saturdays  are  peculiar  to  that  Office,  and  are  given  in  their  own  place. 


OR, 


BOOK    OF    PSALMS, 

DIVIDED  ACCORDING   TO   THE    DAYS   OF   THE   WEEK,    TOGETHER   WITH 
THE  ORDINARY  OFFICE   FOR   THE   DIFFERENT   SEASONS. 


MATTINS,1   OR    MORNING   PRAYER. 

FOR   THE    LORD'S    DAY,    SUNDAY. 


Before  Mattins,  and  every  other 
Hour,  except  Lauds  and  Compline, 
there  is  said  inaudibly* 


Father,  Who  art  in  heaven, 
Hallowed  be  Thy  Name. 
Thy  kingdom  come.  Thy  will  be 
done  on  earth,  as  it  is  in  heaven. 
Give  us  this  day  our  daily  bread. 
And  forgive  us  our  trespasses,  as  we 
forgive  them  that  trespass  against  us 

And   lead   us  not  into   temptation  • 
,  ,.  l  > 

but  deliver  us  from  evil.     Amen. 


TTAIL,     Mary,  full     of     grace; 

II      The     Lord  is     with     th 

,  ,          , 

blessed    art    thou  among    women, 

and    blessed    is    the    fruit    of    thy 
womb,  JESUS. 

Holy  Mary,  Mother  of  God,  pray 
for  us  sinners,  now  and  at  the  hour 
of  our  death.  Amen. 

At   the   beginning  of  Mattins  and 

Pri"1^  and..at.  thc  ™d  0/7   CQ™tl™e\ 
is    then    said   inaudibly  the  Apostles 

Creed. 


1  The  proper  hour  for  Mattins  is  midnight,  at  which  time  it  is  said  in  many  Convents. 
In  others  it  is  said  at  2  or  5  A.M.  In  the  Cathedral  of  Rome  (St.  John  Lateran's)  and 
other  Churches  of  the  same  country,  the  hour  is  about  7  A.M.  It  is  allowable  to  say  it  at 
any  hour  after  the  sun  has  begun  to  decline,  and  an  ordinary  practice  is  to  do  so  late  in  the 
afternoon. 

-  The  reason  why  the  Lord's  Prayer  and  the  Apostles'  Creed  are  recited  inaudibly  during 
the  Office  seems  to  be,  that  in  the  early  Church  these  formula  were  concealed  from  the 
unbaptized  until  very  shortly  before  their  baptism.  Now,  all  were  allowed  to  be  present; 
at  the  Office,  of  which  these  formulas  are  a  part,  and  therefore  they  were  then  so  said  that 
the  unbaptized  could  not  hear  them.  The  "  Hail,  Mary,"  having  been  added  as  a  sort  of 
appendix  to  the  Lord's  Prayer,  follows  the  same  rule  with  it.  The  Lord's  Prayer  is  said 
aloud  during  the  Canon  of  the  Mass,  because  only  the  faithful  were  then  present. 

VOL.   III.  A 


THE   PSALTER. 


I  BELIEVE  in  God  the  Father 
Almighty,  Maker  of  heaven 
and  earth.  And  in  JESUS  Christ, 
His  only  Son,  our  Lord :  Who 
was  conceived  by  the  Holy  Ghost, 
born  of  the  Virgin  Mary,  suffered 
under  Pontius  Pilate,  was  crucified, 
dead,  and  buried :  He  descended 
into  hell :  the  third  day  He  rose 
again  from  the  dead  :  He  ascended 
into  heaven,  and  sitteth  on  the  right 
hand  of  God  the  Father  Almighty  : 
from  thence  He  shall  come  to  judge 
the  quick  and  the  dead.  I  be 
lieve  in  the  Holy  Ghost,  the  Holy 
Catholic  Church,  the  Communion 
of  Saints,  the  Forgiveness  of  sins, 
the  Resurrection  of  the  body,  and 
the  Life  everlasting.  Amen. 

Then  is  said  aloud  : 

Versed  ^  O  LORD,  open  Thou 
my  lips. 

Answer.  And  my  mouth  shall 
show  forth  Thy  praise. 

Verse?  ^  Make  haste,  O  God, 
to  deliver  me. 

Answer.  Make  haste  to  help  me, 
O  LORD. 

Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and  to  the 
Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

3  As  it  was  in  the  beginning,  is 
now,  and  ever  shall  be,  world  with 
out  end.  Amen,  Alleluia.4 

From  Sepluagesima  Sunday  to 
Maundy  Thursday  instead  of  Alleluia 
is  said: 


Ceaseless  praise  to  Thee  be  given, 
O  Eternal  King  of  heaven. 

Then  is  said  Psalm  xciv.  with  the 
Invitatory.  The  Invitatory  here  given 
is  said  from  the  Octave  of  the  Epiph 
any  to  Septuagesima  Sunday,  and 
from  the  Octave  of  Pentecost  to  Ad 
vent  Sunday. 

Invitatory.  Let  us  worship  the 

Lord,  for  *  He  is  our  Maker. 

Repetition.  Let  us  worship  the 

Lord,  for  *  He  is  our  Maker. 


Psalm  XCIV.5 

[Vulgate  and  LXX.,  "A  song  of  praise 
by  David."] 

OCOME,  let  us  sing  unto  the 
LORD,  let  us  make  a  joyful 
noise  to  the  God  of  our  Salva 
tion  :  let  us  come  before  His 
presence  with  thanksgiving,  and 
make  a  joyful  noise  unto  Him 
with  psalms. 

Let  us  worship  the  Lord,  for  He 
is  our  Maker. 

For  the  LORD  is  a  great  God,  and 
a  great  King  above  all  gods  :  for  the 
Lord  will  not  cast  off  His  people : 
for  in  His  hand  are  all  the  ends  of 
the  earth  ;  and  the  heights  of  the 
hills  are  His  also. 

He  is  our  Maker. 

For  the  sea  is  His,  and  He  made 
it :  and  His  hands  formed  the  dry 
land :  6  O  come,  let  us  worship 
and  fall  down  ;  let  us  cry  unto  the 


1  Ps.  1.  17.  2  Ps.  Ixix.  2. 

3  The  Greek  original  of  this  Doxology  does  not  contain  the  words,  "  As  it  was  in  the 
beginning"  (inserted  against  the  Arians),  but  runs  thus  :   "  Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and  to 
the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost,  both  now,  and  ever,  and  to  the  ages  of  ages.     Amen." 

4  Or  rather,   "  Hal'lu-YAH,"   "  Praise-ye-the- Eternal,"  a  Hebrew  phrase  which   occurs 
repeatedly  in  the  Bible.     The  sound  of  these  words  causes  the  Church  such  joy  that  she 
denies  herself  their  use  during  her  penitential  season.    But  in  order  not  to  remit  the  praise  of 
God,  she  substitutes  for  the  Hebrew  phrase  a  short  rhyming  Latin  one,  of  similar  meaning. 

5  This  Psalm  is  not  given  in  the  original  from  the  Vulgate,  but  from  some  other  Latin 
translation.  6  Here  it  is  usual  to  kneel  till  the  *. 


SUNDAY  AT   MATTINS. 


LORD  our  Maker.  *  For  He  is 
the  Lord  our  God ;  and  we  are 
His  people,  and  the  sheep  of  His 
pasture. 

Let  us  worship  the  Lord,  for  He 
is  our  Maker. 

To-day  if  ye  will  hear  His  voice, 
harden  not  your  heart;  as  in  "the 
Provocation,"  and  as  in  the  day  of 
"  Temptation  "  in  the  wilderness  : 
when  your  fathers  tempted  Me, 
proved  Me,  and  saw  My  works.1 

He  is  our  Maker. 

Forty  years  long  was  I  grieved 
with  that  generation 2  and  said,  It  is 
a  people  that  do  alway  err  in  their 
heart,  and  they  have  not  known  My 
ways  :  unto  whom  I  sware  in  My 
wrath  that  they  should  not  enter 
into  My  rest. 

Let  us  worship  the  Lord,  for  He 
is  our  Maker. 

Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and  to 
the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 
As  it  was  in  the  beginning,  is  now, 
and  ever  shall  be,  world  without 
end.  Amen. 

He  is  our  Maker. 

Let  us  worship  the  Lord,  for  He 
is  our  Maker. 

The  following  Hymn  is  the?i  said, 
from  the  Octave  of  the  Epiphany  to  the 
First  Sunday  in  Lent,  and  from  the  first 
Sunday  of  October  to  Advent. 


HYMN.3 

the  Blessed  Three  in  One 
Began  the  earth  and  skies  ; 
To-day  a  Conqueror,  God  the  Son, 

Did  from  the  grave  arise  ; 
We  too  will  wake,  and,  in  despite 
Of  sloth  and  languor,  all  unite, 
As  Psalmists  bid,  through  the  dim  night 
Waiting  with  wistful  eyes. 

So  may  He  hear,  and  heed  each  vow, 

And  prayer  to  Him  addrest  ; 
And  grant  an  instant  cleansing  now, 

A  future  glorious  rest. 
So  may  He  plentifully  shower, 
On  all  who  hymn  His  love  and  power, 
In  this  most  still  and  sacred  hour, 
His  sweetest  gifts  and  best. 

Father  of  purity  and  light  ! 

Thy  presence  if  we  win, 
'Twill  shield  us  from  the  deeds  of  night, 

The  burning  darts  of  sin  ; 
Lest  aught  defiled  or  dissolute 
Relax  our  bodies  or  imbrute, 
And  fires  eternal  be  the  fruit 

Of  fire  now  lit  within. 

Fix  in  our  hearts,  Redeemer  dear, 

The  ever-gushing  spring 
Of  grace  to  cleanse,  of  life  to  cheer 

Souls  sick  and  sorrowing. 
Thee,  bounteous  Father,  we  entreat, 
And  only  Son,  awful  and  sweet, 
And  life-creating  Paraclete, 

The  Everlasting  King. 

Amen. 

Instead  of  the  foregoing  the  follow 
ing  Hymn  is  said  from  the  Octave  of 
Pentecost  to  the  first  Sunday  of  Oc 
tober. 


1  The  occasion  here  referred  to  is  that  described  in  Exodus  xvii.  1-7.     The  children  of 
Israel  while  travelling  through  the  desert  became  rebellious  from  want  of  water.     It  was 
given  them  from  the  smitten  rock.     Then  is  added  :  "  And  he  [Moses]  called  the  name  of 
the  place  Temptation"  (Hebrew  and  LXX.  add  "and  Provocation"),  "because  of  the 
chiding  of  the  children  of  Israel,  and  because  they  tempted  the  LORD,  saying :  Is  the  LORD 
among  us,  or  not  ?  " 

2  Namely,  that  particular  generation  which  had  come  out  of  Egypt.     The  next  clauses 
relate  to  that  which  is  written  in  Numbers  xiv.  22  :  "  Because  all  these  men  which  have 
seen  My  glory,  and  My  miracles,  which  I  did  in  Egypt,  and  in  the  wilderness,  have  tempted 
Me  now  these  ten  times,  and  have  not  hearkened  to  My  voice,  surely  they  shall  not  see  the 
land  which  I  sware  unto  their  fathers,  neither  shall  any  of  them  that  provoked  Me  see  it." 
And  this  is  confirmed  with  an  oath,  in  verse  28  :  "  As  truly  as  I  live,  saith  the  LORD,  as  ye 
have  spoken  in  Mine  ears,  so  will  I  do  to  you  :  your  carcasses  shall  fall  in  this  wilderness. " 

3  Ascribed  to  Pope  St.  Gregory  the  Great,  but  altered,  one  verse  omitted,  and  the  last 
verse  added.     Translation  by  the  late  Card.  Newman. 


THE    PSALTER. 


HYMN.1 

T    ET  us  arise  and  watch  by  night, 
•»— '     And  meditate  always  ; 
And  chant  as  in  our  Maker's  sight 
United  hymns  of  praise. 

So  singing  with  the  saints  in  bliss, 
With  them  we  may  attain 

Life  everlasting  after  this, 
And  heaven  for  earthly  pain. 

Grant  this,  O  Father,  Only  Son, 
And  Spirit,  God  of  grace, 

To  whom  all  worship  shall  be  done 
In  every  time  and  place. 

Amen. 

When  the  Invitatories,  Hymns,  6r*c.t 
are  different  from  the  above  they  are 
given  in  the  Office  to  which  they  be 
long. 


FIRST  NOCTURN,  OR  WATCH  OF 
THE  NIGHT. 

Antiphon  for  Advent.  Behold, 
there  cometh  the  King. 

Antiphon  for  the  rest  of  the  year. 
Serve  the  LORD. 

Antiphon  for  Paschal  time.  Al 
leluia. 

Psalm  I. 

BLESSED  is  the  man  that  walk- 
eth  not  in  the  counsel  of  the 
ungodly,  nor  standeth  in  the  way  of 
sinners,  *  nor  sitteth  in  the  seat  of 
the  scoffers  : 

But  his  delight  is  in  the  Law  of 
the  LORD  ;  *  and  in  His  Law  doth 
he  meditate  day  and  night. 

And  he  shall  be  like  a  tree 
planted  by  the  rivers  of  water,  * 
that  bringeth  forth  his  fruit  in  his 
season  : 

His  leaf  also  shall  not  wither : 
*  and  whatsoever  he  doeth  shall 
prosper. 


Not  so  are  the  ungodly,  not  so  : 
*  but  are  like  the  chaff  which  the 
wind  driveth  away  from  the  face  of 
the  earth. 

Therefore  the  ungodly  shall  not 
stand  in  the  judgment :  *  nor  sin 
ners  in  the  congregation  of  the 
righteous. 

For  the  LORD  knoweth  the  way 
of  the  righteous  :  *  but  the  way  of 
the  ungodly  shall  perish. 

Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and  to 
the  Son,  *  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

As  it  was  in  the  beginning,  is 
now,  and  ever  shall  be,  *  world 
without  end.  Amen. 

This  Doxology  is  said  at  the  end  of 
every  Psalm  unless  special  directions 
are  given  to  the  contrary. 

Psalm  II. 

[In  Acts  iv.  25,  26,  the  authorship  of  this 
Psalm  is  attributed  to  David.] 

WHY  do  the  heathen  rage,  * 
and  the  peoples  devise  a 
vain  thing? 

The  kings  of  the  earth  set  them 
selves,  and  the  rulers  take  counsel 
together  *  against  the  LORD,  and 
against  His  Anointed. 

Let  us  break  their  bands  asun 
der  :  *  and  cast  away  their  yoke 
from  us. 

He  That  sitteth  in  the  heavens 
shall  laugh  them  to  scorn  :  *  and 
the  Lord  shall  have  them  in  de 
rision. 

Then  shall  He  speak  unto  them 
in  His  wrath  :  *  and  plague  them  in 
His  sore  displeasure. 

Yet  hath  He  set  me  for  King 
upon  His  holy  hill  of  Zion  *  to  de 
clare  His  decree. 


1  Also  ascribed  to  Pope  St.  Gregory  the  Great,  although  somewhat  altered.    Translation 
by  the  late  Card.  Newman. 


SUNDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


5 


The  LORD  hath  said  unto  me : 
*  Thou  art  My  Son,  this  day  have 
I  begotten  thee. 

Ask  of  Me,  and  I  shall  give 
thee  the  heathen  for  thine  inheri 
tance,  *  and  the  uttermost  parts 
of  the  earth  for  thy  possession. 

Thou  shalt  rule  them  with  a  rod 
of  iron,  *  and  shalt  dash  them  in 
pieces  like  a  potter's  vessel. 

Be  wise  now,  therefore,  O  ye 
kings ;  *  be  instructed,  ye  judges 
of  the  earth. 

Serve  the  LORD  with  fear  :  *  and 
rejoice  with  trembling  before  Him. 

Lay  hold  of  instruction,  lest  the 
Lord  be  angry,  *  and  ye  perish  from 
the  righteous  way. 

When  His  wrath  is  kindled  sud 
denly,  *  blessed  are  all  they  that 
put  their  trust  in  Him. 

Psalm  III. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David,  when  he 
fled  from  Absalom  his  son."  See  the  his 
tory  in  2  Kings  (Sam.)  xv.,  xvi.,  xviii.] 

ORD,  how  are  they  increased 
*-*  that  trouble  me  ?  *  many  are 
they  that  rise  up  against  me. 

Many  there  be  that  say  of  my 
soul :  *  There  is  no  help  for  him 
in  his  God.1 

But  Thou,  O  LORD,  art  a  shield 
for  me,  *  my  glory,  and  the  Lifter 
up  of  mine  head. 

I  cried  unto  the  LORD  with  my 
voice  :  *  and  He  heard  me  out  of 
His  holy  hill.2 

I  laid  me  down  and  slept ;  *  I 
awaked,  for  the  LORD  sustained  me. 

I  will  not  be  afraid  of  thousands 


of  people  that  have  set  themselves 
against  me  round  about :  *  arise,  O 
LORD,  save  me,  O  my  God. 

For  Thou  hast  smitten  all  them 
that  fought  against  me  without  a 
cause3:  *  Thou  hast  broken  the 
teeth  of  the  ungodly. 

Salvation  belongeth  unto  the 
LORD  :  *  and  Thy  blessing  is  upon 
Thy  people.2 

Psalm  VI. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David."  The 
title  also  contains  directions,  probably  musi 
cal,  the  meaning  of  which  is  now  uncertain.] 

LORD,  rebuke  me  not  in 
Thine  anger  :  *  neither 
chasten  me  in  Thine  hot  dis 
pleasure. 

Have  mercy  upon  me,  O  LORD, 
for  I  am  weak  :  *  O  LORD,  heal  me, 
for  my  bones  are  shaken. 

My  soul  also  is  sore  vexed  :  *  but 
Thou,  O  LORD,  how  long  ? 

Return,  O  LORD,  deliver  my  soul  : 
*  O  save  me  for  Thy  mercy's  sake. 

For  in  death  there  is  no  one  that 
remembereth  Thee :  *  and  in  the 
grave  who  shall  give  Thee  thanks  ? 

I  am  weary  with  my  groaning, 
every  night  I  wash  my  bed  :  *  I 
water  my  couch  with  my  tears. 

Mine  eye  is  grown  dim  because 
of  grief :  *  I  am  waxen  old  because 
of  all  mine  enemies. 

Depart  from  me,  all  ye  workers 
of  iniquity :  *  for  the  LORD  hath 
heard  the  voice  of  my  weeping. 

The  LORD  hath  heard  my  suppli 
cation  :  *  the  LORD  hath  received 
my  prayer. 


1  Here  occur  in  the  Hebrew  the  letters  SLH,  or  "Selah."  The  meaning  of  this  is  un 
certain.  Gesenius  thinks  "it  seems  to  have  been  used  to  mark  a  short  pause  in  singing 
the  words  of  the  Psalm,  so  that  the  singer  would  be  silent,  while  the  instrumental  music 
continued. "  2  SLH,  again. 

3  But  the  Hebrew  reads,  not,  "without  a  cause,"  but,  "on  the  jaw-bone." 


THE    PSALTER. 


Let  all  mine  enemies  be  ashamed 
and  sore  vexed  :  *  let  them  return 
and  be  ashamed  suddenly. 

Antiphon  for  Advent.  Behold, 
there  cometh  the  King,  even  the 
Most  High,  with  great  power,  to 
save  the  nations.  Alleluia. 

Antiphon  for  the  rest  of  the  year. 
1  Serve  the  LORD  with  fear,  and  re 
joice  with  trembling  before  Him. 

In  Paschal  ti7ne  there  is  only  one 
Antiphon  to  the  whole  Noctnrn. 

Second  Antiphon  for  Advent. 
Strengthen  ye. 

Second  Antiphon  for  the  rest  of  the 
year.  God  is  a  righteous  judge. 

Psalm  VII. 

[Intituled  "An  Hymn  of  David,  which 
he  sang  unto  the  LORD  concerning  the  words 
of  Gush  the  Benjamite."  This  Cush  is  sup 
posed  to  be  the  same  as  Shimei,  whose  curs 
ing  of  David  is  narrated  in  2  Kings  (Sam.) 
xvi.  7,  8,  or  else  a  nickname  for  Saul.] 

LORD  my  God,  in  Thee  do 
I  take  refuge  :  *  save  me 
from  all  them  that  persecute  me, 
and  deliver  me. 

Lest  he  tear  my  soul  like  a  lion,  * 
while  there  is  none  to  deliver,  or  to 
save. 

O  LORD  my  God,  if  I  have  done 
this,  *  if  there  be  iniquity  in  mine 
hands ; 

If  I  have  requited  with  evil  them 
that  requited  me  [with  good],  *  may 
I  then  flee  empty  before  mine 
enemies. 

Let  the  enemy  persecute  my  soul, 
and  take  it,  yea,  let  him  tread  down 
my  life  upon  the   earth,   *  and  lay 
mine  honour  in  the  dust.2 
1  Ps.  ii.  ii. 


Arise,  O  LORD,  in  Thine  anger  : 
*  and  lift  up  Thyself  against '  the 
borders  of  mine  enemies. 

And  awake  for  me,  O  Lord  my 
God,  according  to  the  decree  that 
Thou  hast  made :  *  so  shall  the 
congregation  of  the  people  com 
pass  Thee  about. 

For  their  sakes,  therefore,  return 
Thou  on  high  :  *  the  LORD  judgeth 
the  peoples. 

Judge  me,  O  LORD,  according  to 
my  righteousness,  *  and  according 
to  mine  integrity  that  is  in  me. 

0  let    the    wickedness    of    the 
wicked  come    to    an    end,    and    es 
tablish  the  just;  *   God  trieth  the 
hearts  and  reins. 

Mine  help  is  righteous,  coming 
from  the  Lord,  *  Who  saveth  the 
upright  in  heart. 

God  is  a  righteous  judge,  strong 
and  patient :  *  is  He  not  provoked 
every  day  ? 

If  ye  turn  not,  He  will  whet  His 
sword  :  *  He  hath  bent  His  bow  and 
made  it  ready. 

And  hath  fitted  thereon  the  in 
struments  of  death,  *  He  hath 
ordained  His  arrows  against  the 
persecutors. 

Behold,  he  travaileth  with  iniquity : 
*  he  hath  conceived  mischief,  and 
brought  forth  falsehood. 

He  made  a  pit  and  digged  it :  * 
and  is  fallen  into  the  ditch  which  he 
made. 

His  mischief  shall  return  upon 
his  own  head  :  *  and  his  iniquity 
shall  come  down  upon  his  own 
pate. 

1  will  praise  the  LORD  according 
to    His    righteousness :    *    and   will 
sing    praise    to    the    name    of    the 
LORD   Most   High. 

2  SLH. 


SUNDAY   AT    MATTINS. 


Psalm  VIII. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David."  It  has 
also  a  title  which  seems  to  show  that  it  was 
a  song  for  the  vintage.] 

OLORD,  our  Lord,  *  how  ex 
cellent  is  Thy  Name  in  all 
the  earth! 

For  Thy  glory  is  exalted  *  above 
the  heavens. 

1  Out  of  the  mouth  of  babes  and 
sucklings  hast  Thou  perfected  praise 
because  of  Thine  enemies,  *  that 
Thou  mightest  destroy  the  enemy 
and  the  avenger. 

When  I  consider  Thine  heavens, 
the  work  of  Thy  fingers  :  *  the  moon 
and  the  stars  which  Thou  hast  or 
dained  : 

What  is  man,  that  Thou  art  mind 
ful  of  him  ?  *  or  the  son  of  man, 
that  Thou  visitest  him  ? 

Thou  hast  made  him  a  little  lower 
than  the  angels,  Thou  hast  crowned 
him  with  glory  and  honour,  *  and 
madest  him  to  have  dominion  over 
the  works  of  Thine  hands. 

Thou  hast  put  all  things  under 
his  feet,  *  all  sheep  and  oxen,  yea, 
and  the  beasts  of  the  field. 

The  fowl  of  the  air,  and  the  fish 
of  the  sea,  *  that  pass  through  the 
paths  of  the  sea. 

0  LORD,  our  Lord,  *  how  excel 
lent  is  Thy  Name  in  all  the  earth ! 

Psalm  IX. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David."  It  has 
also  a  superscription  the  meaning  of  which 
is  not  now  certain.  The  Targum  connects 
it  with  the  slaying  of  Goliath.] 

T  WILL  praise  Thee,  O  LORD, 
•••  with  mine  whole  heart :  *  I  will 
show  forth  all  Thy  marvellous  works. 

1  will    be    glad    and    rejoice    in 


Thee :  *  I  will  sing  praise  to  Thy 
Name,  O  Thou  Most  High. 

When  mine  enemies  are  turned 
back,  *  they  shall  fall  and  perish  at 
Thy  presence. 

For  Thou  hast  maintained  my 
right  and  my  cause  :  *  Thou  satest 
in  the  throne  judging  right. 

Thou  hast  rebuked  the  heathen, 
and  the  wicked  are  perished :  * 
Thou  hast  put  out  their  name  for 
ever,  even  for  ever  and  ever. 

The  swords  of  the  enemy  have 
failed  utterly :  *  and  their  cities 
Thou  hast  destroyed. 

Their  memorial  is  perished  with 
a  crash  :  *  and  the  LORD  endureth 
for  ever. 

He  hath  prepared  His  throne  for 
judgment :  *  and  He  shall  judge 
the  world  in  righteousness,  He  shall 
minister  judgment  to  the  people  in 
uprightness. 

The  LORD  also  is  a  refuge  for  the 
poor  :  *  a  refuge  in  times  of  trouble. 

And  let  them  that  know  Thy 
name  put  their  trust  in  Thee  :  *  for 
Thou,  LORD,  hast  not  forsaken  them 
that  seek  Thee. 

Sing  praises  to  the  LORD,  Who 
dwelleth  in  Zion  :  *  declare  among 
the  people  His  doings. 

For  when  He  maketh  inquisition 
for  blood  He  remembereth  them  :  * 
He  forgetteth  not  the  cry  of  the 
afflicted. 

Have  mercy  upon  me,  O  LORD  : 
*  consider  my  trouble  [which  I 
suffer]  of  them  thaj.  hate  me. 

Thou  That  liftesOne  up  from  the 
gates  of  death  :  *  that  I  may  show 
forth  all  Thy  praises  in  the  gates  of 
the  daughter  of  Zion  ! 

I  will  rejoice  in  Thy  salvation  :   * 


1  This  verse  was  quoted  by  our  Lord,  concerning  those  who  cried  Hosannah  on  Palm 
Sunday,  Matthew  xxi.  16. 


THE   PSALTER. 


the  heathen  are  sunk  down  in  the 
pit  that  they  made. 


In   the  net  which  they  hid, 


is 


their  own  foot  taken. 

The  LORD  is  known  when  He 
executeth  judgment :  *  the  wicked 
is  snared  in  the  work  of  his  own 
hands.1 

The  wicked  shall  be  turned  into 
hell :  *  all  the  nations  that  forget 
God. 

For  the  needy  shall  not  alway  be 
forgotten  :  *  the  expectation  of  the 
poor  shall  not  perish  for  ever. 

Arise,  O  LORD,  let  not  man  pre 
vail  :  *  let  the  heathen  be  judged  in 
Thy  sight. 

Put  Thou  a  master  over  them,  O 
LORD  :  *  let  the  nations  know  them 
selves  to  be  but  men.2 

Why  standest  Thou  afar  off,  O 
LORD,  *  why  hidest  Thou  Thyself 
in  times  of  trouble  ? 

The  wicked  in  his  pride  doth  per 
secute  the  poor :  *  they  are  taken 
in  the  devices  that  they  have  im 
agined. 

For  the  wicked  is  praised  accord 
ing  to  his  soul's  desire  :  *  and  the 
unrighteous  is  deemed  blessed. 

The  wicked  provoketh  the  LORD  : 
*  in  the  greatness  of  his  scornful 
indignation  he  doth  not  care. 

God  is  not  before  his  eyes  :  *  his 
ways  are  always  grievous. 

Thy  judgments  are  far  out  of  his 
sight :  *  he  hath  dominion  over  his 
enemies. 

He  hath  said  in  his  heart  :  *  I 
shall  not  be  moved  unto  generation 
and  generation,  yea,  I  shall  never 
be  in  adversity. 

His  mouth  is  full  of  cursing,  and 


bitterness,  and  fraud  :  *  under  his 
tongue  is  mischief  and  sorrow. 

He  sitteth  in  the  lurking-places 
with  the  rich  :  in  the  secret  places 
*  doth  he  murder  the  innocent. 

His  eyes  are  privily  set  against 
the  poor  :  *  he  lieth  in  wait  secretly, 
as  a  lion  in  his  den. 

He  lieth  in  wait  to  catch  the 
poor :  '•*  to  catch  the  poor  when 
he  draweth  him  [after  him]. 

In  his  snare  doth  he  bring  him 
down  :  *  yet  shall  he  himself  totter 
and  fall  down,  when  he  hath  mas 
tered  the  poor. 

He  hath  said  in  his  heart :  God 
hath  forgotten  :  *  He  turneth  away 
His  face  so  that  He  shall  never  see  it. 

Arise,  O  LORD,  O  God,  lift  up 
Thine  hand :  *  forget  not  the 
afflicted. 

Wherefore  doth  the  wicked  pro 
voke  God?  *  for  he  hath  said  in 
his  heart :  He  will  not  require  it. 

Thou  seest  it,  for  Thou  beholdest 
labour  and  sorrow :  *  to  deliver 
them  into  Thine  own  hand. 

The  poor  leaveth  himself  unto 
Thee  :  *  Thou  wilt  be  the  helper 
of  the  fatherless. 

Break  Thou  the  arm  of  the 
wicked  and  the  evil  man  :  *  his 
wickedness  shall  be  sought  after  and 
shall  not  be  found. 

The  LORD  shall  be  King  for  ever 
and  ever  :  *  the  heathen  shall  perish 
out  of  His  land. 

The  LORD  hath  heard  the  petition 
of  the  poor  :  *  Thine  ear  hath  heard 
the  desire  of  his  heart. 

To  judge  the  fatherless  and  the 
oppressed,  *  that  man  may  magnify 
himself  no  more  upon  earth. 


1  Here  occurs  : — "  Instrumental  music — SLH."     This  is  a  strong  argument  in  favour  of 
Gesenius'  opinion,  see  p.  5,  note  I. 
3  SLH.     Here,  according  to  the  present  Hebrew  text,  ends  Ps.  ix. 


SUNDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


Psalm  X. 

[Intituled  "  Of  David."  There  is  also  a 
superscription  perhaps  musical,  but  now  of 
uncertain  meaning.] 

TN  the  LORD  put  I  my  trust; 
-*•  how  say  ye  to  my  soul,  * 
Flee  as  a  bird  to  the  mountain  ? 

For  lo,  the  wicked  bend  their 
bow,  they  make  ready  their  arrows 
in  the  quiver,  *  that  they  may 
privily  shoot  at  the  upright  in 
heart. 

For  they  have  destroyed  that 
which  Thou  hast  established  :  * 
and  what  hath  the  righteous  done  ? 

The  LORD  is  in  His  holy  temple  : 
*  the  LORD'S  throne  is  in  heaven. 

His  eyes  behold  the  poor :  *  His 
eyelids  try  the  children  of  men. 

The  LORD  trieth  the  righteous 
and  the  wicked :  *  but  he  that 
loveth  iniquity  hateth  his  own  soul. 

Upon  the  wicked  He  shall  rain 
snares  :  *  fire,  and  brimstone,  and 
an  horrible  tempest,  this  shall  be 
the  portion  of  their  cup. 

For  the  righteous  LORD  loveth 
righteousness :  *  His  countenance 
doth  behold  uprightness. 

Antiphon  for  Advent.  1  Strengthen 
ye  the  weak  hands  :  be  strong ;  say  : 
Behold,  our  God  will  come,  and 
save  us,  Alleluia. 

Antiphon  for  the  rest  of  the  year. 
2  God  is  a  righteous  judge,  strong, 
and  patient :  is  He  not  provoked 
every  day? 

Third  Antiphon  for  Advent.  Re 
joice,  all  ye. 

Third  Antiphon  for  the  rest  of  the 
year.  Thou  shalt  keep  us. 

Psalm  XI. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David,"  with  some 
other  words,  of  meaning  now  uncertain,  as 
before.] 

1  Isa.  xxxv.  3,  4. 
VOL.  III. 


TTELP,  LORD,  for  the  godly 
-*-  J-  man  ceaseth  :  *  for  the  truth 
faileth  from  among  the  children  of 
men. 

They  speak  vanity  every  one  with 
his  neighbour  :  *  with  flattering  lips, 
with  a  double  heart,  do  they  speak. 

The  LORD  shall  cut  off  all  flat 
tering  lips,  *  and  the  tongue  that 
speaketh  proud  things. 

Who  have  said  :  With  our  tongue 
will  we  prevail,  our  lips  are  our 
own  :  *  who  is  lord  over  us  ? 

For  the  oppression  of  the  poor, 
and  the  sighing  of  the  needy,  *  now 
will  I  arise,  saith  the  LORD. 

I  will  set  him  in  safety  :  *  I  will 
deal  faithfully  with  him. 

The  words  of  the  LORD  are  pure 
words  :  *  silver  tried  in  a  furnace, 
purged  of  dross,  purified  seven  times. 

Thou  shalt  keep  us,  O  LORD,  and 
preserve  us  *  from  this  generation 
for  ever. 

The  wicked  walk  on  every  side  : 
*  the  increase  of  men  is  according 
to  Thy  secret  counsel. 

Psalm  XII. 

[This  Psalm  has  the  same  title  as  the 
last.] 

TTOW  long  wilt  Thou  forget 
*•*•  me,  O  LORD?  for  ever?  * 
How  long  hidest  Thou  Thy  face 
from  me? 

How  long  shall  I  take  counsel 
in  my  soul,  *  having  sorrow  in  mine 
heart  daily? 

How  long  shall  mine  enemy  be 
exalted  over  me  ?  *  Consider,  and 
hear  me,  O  LORD  my  God. 

Lighten  mine  eyes,  lest  I  sleep  the 
sleep  of  death  :  *  lest  mine  enemy 
say  :  I  have  prevailed  against  him. 


2  Ps.  vii.  12. 


A  2 


10 


THE   PSALTER. 


Those  that  trouble  me  will  re 
joice  if  I  am  moved  :  *  but  I  have 
trusted  in  Thy  mercy. 

Mine  heart  shall  rejoice  in  Thy 
salvation  ;  I  will  sing  unto  the  LORD 
because  He  hath  dealt  bountifully 
with  me  :  *  and  I  will  sing  praise 
to  the  name  of  the  Lord  Most 
High. 

Psalm  XIII. 
[Same  title  as  Psalm  x.] 

THE  fool  hath  said  in  his  heart : 
*  There  is  no  God. 
They   are   corrupt,  and  have  be 
come    abominable    in    their  works : 

*  there    is   none  that   doeth   good, 
no,  not  one. 

The  LORD  looked  down  from 
heaven  upon  the  children  of  men  : 

*  to  see  if  there  were  any  that  did 
understand,  or  seek  God. 

They  are  all  gone  aside,  they  are 
altogether    become    unprofitable :    i 
there  is  none  that  doeth  good,  no, 
not  one. 

1  Their  throat  is  an  open  sepul 
chre  :  with  their  tongues  they  have 
used  deceit :  *  the  poison  of  asps  is 
under  their  lips. 

Their  mouth  is  full  of  cursing  and 
bitterness  :  *  their  feet  are  swift  to 
shed  blood. 

Destruction  and  misery  are  in 
their  ways,  and  the  way  of  peace 
they  have  not  known  :  *  there  is  no 
fear  of  God  before  their  eyes. 

Have  all  the  workers  of  iniquity 
no  knowledge,  *  who  eat  up  my 
people  as  they  would  eat  bread  ? 

They  call  not  upon  the  LORD  :  * 
there  were  they  in  great  fear,  where 
no  fear  was ; 


For  the  Lord  is  in  the  generation 
of  the  righteous  :  ye  have  shamed 
the  counsel  of  the  poor :  *  because 
the  LORD  is  his  hope. 

O  that  the  salvation  of  Israel  were 
come  out  of  Zion !  *  when  the 
LORD  bringeth  back  the  captivity  of 
His  people,  Jacob  shall  rejoice  and 
Israel  shall  be  glad. 

Psalm  XIV. 
[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David."] 

LORD,  who  shall  abide  in  Thy 
tabernacle  ?  *  who  shall 
dwell  in  Thine  holy  hill? 

He  that  walketh  uprightly,  *  and 
worketh  righteousness. 

He  that  speaketh  the  truth  in  his 
heart,  *  he  that  deceiveth  not  with 
his  tongue. 

He  that  hath  not  done  evil  to  his 
neighbour,  *  nor  taken  up  a  reproach 
against  his  neighbour. 

In  whose  eyes  a  vile  person  is 
despised  :  *  but  he  honoureth  them 
that  fear  the  LORD. 

He  that  sweareth  to  his  neighbour, 
and  deceiveth  him  not,  *  he  that 
putteth  not  out  his  money  to  usury, 
nor  taketh  reward  against  the  in 
nocent. 

He  that  doeth  these  things,  * 
shall  never  be  moved. 

Antiphon  for  Advent.  2  Rejoice, 
all  ye,  and  be  glad  :  for,  behold,  the 
Lord  will  come  with  vengeance,  He 
will  bring  a  recompense  :  He  will 
come  and  save  us. 

Antiphon  for  the  rest  of  the  year. 
3  Thou  shalt  keep  us,  O  LORD,  and 
preserve  us. 


1  The  next  three  verses  are  not  in  the  Hebrew,  although  found  in  the  Vulgate  and  the 
LXX.,  which  are  supported  by  Rom.  iii.  13-18. 

2  Isa.  xxxv.  4.  3  Ps.  xi.  8. 


SUNDAY   AT    MATTINS. 


II 


Antiphon  for  Paschal  time.  Al 
leluia.  *  The  stone  was  rolled  away, 
Alleluia,  from  the  door  of  the  sepul 
chre.  Alleluia,  alleluia. 

Then  is  said  a  Verse  and  Answer. 
In  Advent. 

Verse.  2Out  of  Zion,  the  Per 
fection  of  beauty. 

Answer.  Our  God  shall  come 
manifestly. 

During  the  rest  of  the  year. 

Verse.  3  I  have  remembered  Thy 
name,  O  LORD,  in  the  night. 

Answer.  And  have  kept  Thy 
law. 

/;/  Lent. 

Verse.  4  He  hath  delivered  me 
from  the  snare  of  the  fowler. 

Answer.  And  from  the  noisome 
pestilence. 

hi  Passion  time. 

Verse.  5  O  God,  deliver  my  soul 
from  the  sword. 

Answer.  And  my  darling  from 
the  power  of  the  dog. 

In  Paschal  time. 

Verse.  The  Lord  is  risen  from 
the  grave,  Alleluia. 

Answer.  Who  hung  for  us  upon 
the  tree,  Alleluia. 

Then  is  said  the  Lords  Prayer. 

Father  (inaudibly\  Who 
art  in  heaven,  Hallowed  be 
Thy  Name.  Thy  kingdom  come. 
Thy  will  be  done  on  earth,  as  it  is 


in  heaven.  Give  us  this  day  our 
daily  bread.  And  forgive  us  our 
trespasses,  as  we  forgive  them  that 
trespass  against  us.  (Aloud.) 

Verse.  And  lead  us  not  into 
temptation. 

Answer.  But  deliver  us  from 
evil. 

The?i  this  Absolution. 

/^RACIOUSLY  hear,  O  Lord 
^^  Jesus  Christ,  the  prayers  of 
Thy  servants,  and  have  mercy  upon 
us  :  Who  livest  and  reignest  with 
the  Father  and  the  Holy  Ghost, 
world  without  end. 
Ansiver.  Amen. 

Then  the  reader  says  : 

6  Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 
ing. 

First  Blessing. 

May  the  Eternal  Father  bless  us 
With  an  everlasting  blessing. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Then  is  read  the  First  Lesson,  and  at 
the  end  the  reader  says  : 

But  Thou,  O  Lord,  have  mercy 
upon  us. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Then  is  said  the  First  Responsory, 
after  -ivhich  the  reader  says  : 

Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 


ing. 


Second  Blessing. 

May  the  Son  the  Sole-begotten 
In  His  mercy  bless  and  help  us. 
Answer.     Amen. 

3  Ps.  cxviii.  55. 


1  Mark  xvi.  3.  2  Ps.  xlix.  2. 

*  Ps.  xc.  3.  5  Ps.  xxi.  20. 

6  Some  persons  bound  to  say  the  Office,  when  reciting  alone,  are  accustomed  to  substi 
tute  for  this  the  words,  "  Command  Thy  blessing,  O  Lord  !  " 


12 


THE   PSALTER. 


Then  is  read  the  Second  Lesson,  and 
at  the  end  the  reader  says  : 

But  Thou,  O  Lord,   have   mercy 
upon  us. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Then  is  said  the  Second  Responsory, 
after  which  the  reader  says  : 

Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 
ing. 

Third  Blessing, 

May  the  grace  of  God  the  Spirit 
All  our  heart  and  mind  enlighten. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Then  is  read  the  Third  Lesson,  and 
at  the  end  the  reader  says  : 

But  Thou,  O  Lord,  have  mercy 
upon  us. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Then  is  said  the  Third  Responsory. 

SECOND   NOCTURN,   OR  WATCH  OF 
THE  NIGHT. 

Antiphon  for  Advent.  Rejoice 
greatly. 

Antiphon  for  the  rest  of  the  year. 
Thou  hast  no  need. 

Antiphon  for  Paschal  time.  Al 
leluia. 

Psalm  XV. 

[Intituled  a  work  "of  David,"  but  the 
specifically  descriptive  word  is  not  now  of 
certain  meaning.] 

PRESERVE  me,  O  Lord,  for  in 
Thee  do  I  put  my  trust  :  * 
I  have  said  unto  the  LORD  :  Thou 
art  my  God,  for  Thou  hast  no  need 
of  my  goods. 

To  the  Saints  that  are  in  His 
land,  *  He  hath  made  all  my  will 
admirable. 

Their  sorrows  are  multiplied,  * 
that  hasten  after  [a  strange  god]. 

1  Zech.  ix.  9. 


In  their  assemblies  for  blood- 
shedding  will  I  have  no  part :  *  nor 
mention  their  names  with  my  lips. 

The  LORD  is  the  portion  of  mine 
inheritance,    and    of    my    cup : 
Thou    art    He    That    shalt    restore 
mine    inheritance    unto    me. 

The  lines  are  fallen  unto  me  in 
pleasant  places  :  *  yea,  I  have  a 
goodly  heritage. 

I  will  bless  the  LORD,  Who  hath 
given  me  counsel :  *  my  reins  also 
instruct  me  in  the  night  seasons. 

I  have  set  the  LORD  always  be 
fore  my  face :  *  because  He  is  at 
my  right  hand,  I  shall  never  be 
moved. 

Therefore  mine  heart  is  glad,  and 
my  tongue  rejoiceth  :  *  my  flesh 
also  shall  rest  in  hope, 

For  Thou  wilt  not  leave  my  soul 
in  hell :  *  neither  wilt  Thou  suffer 
Thine  Holy  One  to  see  corruption. 

Thou  hast  shown  me  the  path 
of  life,  Thou  shalt  fill  me  with  joy 
in  Thy  presence :  *  at  Thy  right 
hand  there  are  pleasures  for  ever 
more. 

Antiphon  for  Advent.  l  Rejoice 
greatly,  O  daughter  of  Jerusalem  : 
behold,  thy  King  cometh  into  thee, 
O  Zion  ;  fear  not,  for  thy  salvation 
cometh  quickly. 

Antiphon  for  the  rest  of  the  year. 
2  Thou  hast  no  need  of  my  goods, 
in  Thee  do  I  put  my  trust,  preserve 
me,  O  Lord. 

In  Paschal  time  there  is  only  one 
Antiphon  to  the  whole  Nocturn. 

Second  Antiphon  for  Advent. 
Christ  our  King. 

Second   Antiphon  for   the   rest  of 
the  year.     By  the  words. 
-  Ps.  xv.  i,  2. 


SUNDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


Psalm  XVI. 

[Intituled  "A  Prayer  of  David."] 

HEAR  my  right,  O  LORD,  * 
attend  unto  my  cry. 

Give  ear  unto  my  prayer,  *  that 
goeth  not  out  of  feigned  lips. 

Let  my  sentence  come  forth  from 
Thy  presence  :  *  let  Thine  eyes  be 
hold  the  things  that  are  equal. 

Thou  hast  proved  mine  heart, 
and  visited  it  by  night :  '  Thou 
hast  tried  me  with  fire,  and  found 
no  wickedness  in  me. 

That  my  mouth  may  not  speak 
concerning  the  works  of  men  :  *  by 
the  words  of  Thy  lips  I  have  kept 
me  to  strait  paths. 

Hold  up  my  goings  in  Thy  paths, 
*  that  my  footsteps  slip  not. 

I  have  called  upon  Thee,  for 
Thou  hast  heard  me,  O  God ;  *  in 
cline  Thine  ear  unto  me,  and  hear 
my  speech. 

Show  Thy  marvellous  loving- 
kindness,  *  O  Thou  That  savest 
them  which  put  their  trust  in  Thee ! 

From  those  that  rise  up  against 
Thy  right  hand  keep  me,  *  as  the 
apple  of  the  eye. 

Hide  me  under  the  shadow  of 
Thy  wings,  *  from  the  face  of  the 
wicked  that  oppress  me. 

Mine  enemies  compass  my  soul 
round  about,  they  are  inclosed  in 
their  own  fat :  *  with  their  mouth 
they  speak  proudly. 

They  that  drave  me  out  have 
now  compassed  me :  *  they  have 
set  their  eyes  bowing  down  to  the 
earth. 

They  have  lain  in  wait  for  me,  as 
a  lion  that  is  ready  for  his  prey  :  * 
and  as  it  were  a  young  lion  lurking 
in  secret  places. 

1  John  i.  36. 


Arise,  O  LORD,  disappoint  him, 
and  cast  him  down  :  *  deliver  my 
soul  from  the  wicked,  Thy  sword 
from  them  that  hate  Thine  hand. 

O  LORD,  part  them  in  their  life 
from  the  precious  things  of  the 
earth  :  *  their  belly  is  filled  with 
Thine  hidden  treasure. 

They  have  children  to  the  full :  * 
and  leave  the  rest  of  their  substance 
to  their  babes. 

As  for  me,  I  will  behold  Thy  face 
in  righteousness  :  *  I  shall  be  satis 
fied  when  Thy  glory  shall  appear. 

Antiphon  for  Advent.  Christ 
our  King  cometh,  l  Whom  John 
preached,  saying ;  Behold  the  Lamb 
That  should  come ! 

Antiphon  for  the  rest  of  the  year. 
2  By  the  words  of  Thy  lips  I  have 
kept  me  to  strait  paths. 

Third  Antiphon  for  Advent.  Be 
hold,  I  come. 

Third  Antiphon  for  the  rest  of  the 
year.  I  will  love  Thee. 

When  this  Antiphon  is  tised  the 
Psalm  begins  'with  the  words,  "O 
LORD,  my  strength." 

Psalm  XVII. 

[After  a  superscription,  of  meaning  now 
uncertain,  the  title  of  this  Psalm  proceeds, 
"  Of  David,  the  servant  of  the  LORD,  who 
spake  unto  the  LORD  the  words  of  this  song, 
in  the  day  that  the  LORD  delivered  him 
from  the  hand  of  all  his  enemies,  and  from 
the  hand  of  Saul :  and  he  said  : — "  It  is 
found  also,  with  a  few  slight  differences,  in 
2  Kings  (Sam.)  xxii.] 

I    WILL    love    Thee,    O    LORD, 
my  strength  :   *   the    LORD    is 
my    rock,    and    my    fortress,    and 
my  Deliverer. 

My  God,  mine  Helper,  *  in 
Whom  I  trust. 

2  Ps.  xvi.  4, 


THE   PSALTER. 


My  buckler,  and  the  horn  of  my 
salvation,  *  and  my  refuge. 

I  called  upon  the  LORD  with 
praises,  *  and  am  saved  from  mine 
enemies. 

The  sorrows  of  death  compassed 
me :  *  and  the  floods  of  wicked 
ness  made  me  afraid. 

The  sorrows  of  hell  compassed 
me  about :  *  the  snares  of  death 
came  upon  me. 

In  my  distress  I  called  upon  the 
LORD,  *  and  cried  unto  my  God. 

And  He  heard  my  voice  out  of 
His  holy  temple :  *  and  my  cry 
came  before  Him,  even  into  His 
ears. 

The  earth   shook   and   trembled : 

*  the  foundations  of  the  hills  moved 
and  quaked,  because  He  was  wroth. 

There  went  up  a  smoke  in  His 
wrath,  and  fire  burst  forth  before 
His  presence  :  *  coals  were  kindled 
by  it. 

He  bowed  the  heavens  also,  and 
came  down  :  *  and  darkness  was 
under  His  feet. 

And  He  rode  upon  the  Cherubim  l 
and  did  fly  :  *  yea,  He  did  fly  upon 
the  wings  of  the  wind. 

And  He  made  darkness  His  secret 
place,  His  pavilion  round  about 
Him :  *  dark  waters,  thick  clouds 
of  the  skies. 

At  the  brightness  that  was  be 
fore  Him,  the  thick  clouds  passed, 

*  hailstones  and  coals  of  fire. 
The  LORD  also  thundered  in  the 

heavens,  and  the  Highest  uttered 
His  voice  :  *  hailstones  and  coals 
of  fire. 

Yea,  He  sent  out  His  arrows 
and  scattered  them  :  *  He  shot 


out  many  lightnings  and  discomfited 
them. 

And  the  fountains  of  waters  were 
seen,  *  and  the  foundations  of  the 
world  were  discovered. 

At  Thy  rebuke,  O  LORD,  *  at 
the  blast  of  the  breath  of  Thy 
wrath  ! 

He  sent  from  above,  and  took 
me;  *  and  drew  me  out  of  many 
waters. 

He  delivered  me  from  the  strong 
est  of  mine  enemies,  and  from  them 
which  hated  me  :  *  for  they  were  too 
strong  for  me. 

They  came  upon  me  in  the  day 
of  my  calamity,  *  but  the  LORD  was 
my  stay. 

He  brought  me  forth  also  into  a 
large  place  :  *  He  delivered  me  be 
cause  He  delighted  in  me. 

And  the  LORD  shall  reward  me 
according  to  my  righteousness,  * 
and  according  to  the  cleanness  of 
mine  hands  shall  He  recompense 
me. 

For  I  have  kept  the  ways  of  the 
LORD,  *  and  have  not  wickedly  de 
parted  from  my  GOD. 

For  all  His  judgments  were  before 
me  :  *  and  I  did  not  put  away  His 
statutes  from  me. 

I  shall  also  be  upright  with  Him, 

*  and  keep   myself  from   mine   in 
iquity. 

And  the  LORD  shall  reward  me 
according  to  my  righteousness,  * 
and  according  to  the  cleanness  of 
mine  hands  in  His  eye-sight. 

With  the  holy  Thou  shalt  be  holy, 

*  and  with  the  innocent  Thou  shalt 
be  innocent. 

And  with  the  pure  Thou  shalt  be 


1  Of  these  creatures,  frequently  mentioned  in  connection  with  the  Divine  manifestation, 
an  elaborate  account  will  be  found  in  Ezekiel  i.  (First  Sunday  of  November),  and  more 
shortly  in  Apoc.  iv.  (Tuesday  in  Third  Week  after  Easter). 


SUNDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


pure,    *   and   with    the    contentious 
Thou  shalt  be  contentious. 

For  Thou  wilt  save  the  afflicted 
people,  *  and  bring  down  high 
looks. 

For  Thou  lightest  my  lamp,  O 
LORD  :  *  my  God,  enlighten  my 
darkness  ! 

For  by  Thee  shall  I  be  delivered 
from  temptation,  *  and  by  my  God 
shall  I  leap  over  a  wall. 

As  for  my  God,  His  way  is  per 
fect  ;  the  word  of  the  LORD  is  tried 
in  the  fire :  *  He  is  a  buckler  to  all 
those  that  trust  in  Him. 

For  who  is  God  save  the  LORD  ? 
*  or  who  is  God  save  our  God? 

It  is  God  that  girdeth  me  with 
strength,  *  and  maketh  my  way 
perfect. 

He  maketh  my  feet  like  hinds' 
feet,  *  and  setteth  me  upon  mine 
high  places. 

He  teacheth  my  hands  to  war,  * 
and  maketh  mine  arms  like  a  bow 
of  brass. 

Thou  hast  also  given  me  the 
shield  of  Thy  salvation  :  *  and  Thy 
right  hand  hath  holden  me  up. 

Thy  correction  also  hath  made 
me  great :  *  and  Thy  chastening  it 
is  that  shall  teach  me. 

Thou  hast  enlarged  my  steps 
under  me,  *  and  my  feet  have  not 
slipped. 

I  will  pursue  mine  enemies  and 
overtake  them  :  *  neither  will  I  turn 
again  till  they  be  consumed. 

I  will  wound  them  that  they  shall 
not  be  able  to  rise  :  *  they  shall  fall 
under  my  feet. 

Thou  hast  girded  me  also  with 
strength  unto  the  .battle,  *  and  hast 
subdued  under  me  those  that  rose 


up  against  me. 


And  hast  made  mine  enemies  to 
turn  their  back  toward  me,  *  and 
hast  destroyed  them  that  hate  me. 

They  cried,  but  there  was  none 
to  save  them,  even  unto  the  LORD, 

*  but  He  answered  them  not. 
And   I   will  beat  them  small,  as 

the  dust  before  the  wind  :  *  I  will 
cast  them  out  as  the  dirt  in  the 
streets. 

Thou  shalt  deliver  me  from  the 
gainsayings  of  the  people  :  *  Thou 
shalt  make  me  the  head  of  the 
heathen. 

A  people  whom  I  knew  not  have 
served  me  :  *  as  soon  as  they  heard 
of  me  they  obeyed  me. 

The  strangers  feigned  obedience 
unto  me :  *  the  strangers  were 
wearied  out,  and  stumbled  in  their 
paths. 

The  LORD  liveth,  and  blessed  be 
my  God :  *  and  let  the  God  of  my 
salvation  be  exalted  ! 

It  is  Thou,  O  God,  That  avengest 
me,  and  subduest  the  people  under 
me.  *  Thou  art  my  deliverer  from 
my  wrathful  adversaries. 

And  Thou  shalt  lift  me  up  above 
those    that    rise  up  against   me :    ' 
Thou    shalt   deliver    me    from    the 
wicked  man. 

Therefore  will  I  give  thanks  unto 
Thee,  O  LORD,  among  the  heathen, 

*  and  sing  praises  unto  Thy  name. 

Great  deliverance  giveth  He  to 
His  king,  and  showeth  mercy  to 
His  Anointed,  to  David,  *  and  to 
his  seed  for  evermore. 

Antiphon  for  Advent.  l  Behold, 
I  come  quickly,  saith  the  Lord, 
and  My  reward  is  with  Me,  to  give 
every  man  according  as  his  work 
shall  be. 


Apoc.  xxii.  12. 


16 


THE   PSALTER. 


Antiphon  for  the  rest  of  the  year. 
1  I  will  love  Thee,  O  LORD,  my 
strength. 

Antiphon  for  Paschal  time.  Al 
leluia.  2  Woman,  whom  seekest 
thou  ?  Alleluia.  The  Living  among 
the  dead  ?  Alleluia.  Alleluia. 

Then  is  said  a  Verse  and  Answer. 
In  Advent. 

Verse.  3Send  forth  the  Lamb, 
O  Lord,  the  ruler  of  the  land. 

Ansiver.  From  the  "Rock"  of 
the  wilderness  unto  the  mount  of 
the  daughter  of  Zion. 

During  the  rest  of  the  year. 

Verse.  4  For  Thou  lightest  my 
candle,  O  LORD. 

Ansiver.  My  God,  enlighten  my 
darkness. 

In  Lent. 

Verse.  5  He  shall  cover  thee  with 
His  wings. 

Answer.  And  under  His  feathers 
shalt  thou  trust. 

In  Passion  time. 

Verse.  6O  Lord,  save  me  from 
the  lion's  mouth. 

Answer.  And  mine  affliction  from 
the  horns  of  the  unicorns. 

In  Paschal  time. 

Verse.  7  The  Lord  is  risen  indeed, 
Alleluia. 

Answer.  And  hath  appeared  unto 
Simon,  Alleluia. 


Then  is  said  the  Lord's  Prayer. 

Father    (inaudibly),    Who 
art  in   heaven,  Hallowed  be 
Thy   Name.     Thy    kingdom    come. 


O 


Thy  will  be  done  on  earth,  as  it  is 
in  heaven.  Give  us  this  day  our 
daily  bread.  And  forgive  us  our 
trespasses,  as  we  forgive  them  that 
trespass  against  us.  (Aloud.) 

Verse.  And  lead  us  not  into 
temptation. 

Answer.  But  deliver  us  from 
evil. 

Then  this  Absolution. 

1X/TAY  His  loving-kindness  and 
^•*^  His  mercy  help  us,  Who 
liveth  and  reigneth  with  the  Father, 
and  the  Holy  Ghost,  world  without 
end. 

Answer.     Amen. 

Then  the  reader  says  : 

Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 
ing. 

Fourth  Blessing. 

God  the  Father  the  Almighty, 
Show  on  us  His  grace  and  mercy. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Then  is  read  the  Fourth  Lesson,  and 
at  the  end  the  reader  says  : 

But  Thou,  O  Lord,  have  mercy 
upon  us. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Then  is  said  the  Fourth  Responsory, 
after  which  the  reader  says  : 


Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 


ing. 


Fifth  Blessing. 

May  Christ  to  all  His  people  give, 
For  ever  in  His  sight  to  live. 
Answer.     Amen. 


1  Ps.  xvii.  2. 

3  Isa.  xvi.  i. 

4  Ps.  xvii.  29. 


The 


2  John  xx.  15. 

Rock  "  is  the  town  of  Petra  in  the  wilderness. 
5  Ps.  xc.  3.  6  Ps.  xxi.  22. 


7  Luke  xxiv.  34. 


SUNDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


Then  is  read  the  Fifth  Lesson,  and  at 
the  end  the  reader  says  : 

But  Thou,  O  Lord,  have  mercy 
upon  us. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Then  is  said  the  Fifth  Responsory, 
after  which  the  reader  says : 

Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 
ing. 

Sixth  Blessing. 

May  the  Spirit's  fire  Divine 
In  our  inmost  being  shine. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Then  is  read  the  Sixth  Lesson,  and 
at  the  end  the  reader  says  : 

But  Thou,  O  Lord,  have  mercy 
upon  us. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Then  is  said  the  Sixth  Responsory. 

THIRD   NOCTURN,    OR   WATCH    OF 
THE  NIGHT. 

Antiphon  for  Advent.  The  Angel 
Gabriel. 

Antiphon  for  the  rest  of  the  year. 
There  is  no  speech. 

Antiphon  for  Paschal  time.  Al 
leluia. 

Psalm  XVIII. 

[Intituled  "  A  Psalm  of  David,"  with  the 
same  farther  obscure  superscription,  as  in 
Pss.  xii.  and  xiii.] 


heavens   declare   the   glory 
of  God,  *  and  the  firmament 
showeth  His  handy-work. 

Day    unto    day    uttereth    speech, 

*  and    night    unto    night     showeth 
knowledge. 

There  is  no  speech  nor  lan 
guage,  *  where  their  voice  is  not 
heard. 

Their  sound  is  gone  out  through 
all  the  earth  :  *  and  their  words  to 
the  ends  of  the  world. 

He  hath  set  His  tabernacle  in  the 
sun  : *  *  which  is  as  a  bridegroom 
coming  out  of  his  chamber. 

He  rejoiceth  as  a  strong  man  to 
run  a  race  :  *  his  going  forth  is  from 
the  end  of  the  heaven. 

And  his  circuit  unto  the  ends  of 
it :  *  and  there  is  nothing  hid  from 
the  heat  thereof. 

The  law  of  the  LORD  is  perfect, 
converting  the  soul :  *  the  testimony 
of  the  LORD  is  sure,  making  wise  the 
simple. 

The  statutes  of  the  LORD  are 
right,  rejoicing  the  heart :  *  the 
commandment  of  the  LORD  is  clear, 
giving  light  unto  the  eyes. 

The  fear  of  the  LORD  is  holy, 
enduring  for  ever  and  ever :  *  the 
judgments  of  the  LORD  are  true, 
righteous  altogether. 

More  to  be  desired  are  they  than 
gold  and  store  of  precious  stones, 

*  sweeter  also  than  honey  and  the 
honeycomb. 

Verily,  Thy  servant  keepeth  them  : 


1  So  the  LXX.,  as  well  as  the  Vulgate.  Cf.  Ps.  cii.  19  ;  ciii.  2,  3.  The  sense  seems 
to  be  that  the  physical  source  of  the  light  and  life  of  this  system  is  represented  as  a  kind  of 
celestial  counterpart  of  the  tabernacle,  which  was  the  centre  of  the  Divine  authority  as  re 
vealed  upon  earth.  The  Hebrew,  however,  which  is  supported  by  St.  Jerome,  reads,  "In 
them  (i.e.,  the  starry  heavens)  hath  He  set  a  tabernacle  for  the  sun,"  and  this  reading 
seems  to  commend  itself  to  Archbishop  Kenrick,  wfio  suggests  that  the  "  tabernacle  "  may 
signify  the  region  below  the  horizon,  into  which  the  sun  retires  nightly,  as  into  a  tent,  to 
sleep,  and  from  which  he  issues  in  renewed  glory  every  morning.  Targum  : — ' '  In  them 
hath  He  set  splendour  as  a  tabernacle  for  the  sun." 


18 


THE   PSALTER. 


*  in  keeping  of  them  there  is  great 
reward. 

Who  can  understand  his  errors? 
Cleanse  Thou  me  from  secret  faults  : 

*  preserve   Thy  servant   also    from 
the  sins  of  others. 

If  they  get  not  dominion  over  me, 
then  shall  I  be  undefiled :  *  and 

1  shall  be  cleansed  from  the  great 
transgression. 

Let  the  words  of  my  mouth, 
and  the  meditation  of  mine  heart, 

*  be   acceptable   in    Thy   sight   for 
ever, 

O  LORD  mine  Helper,  *  and  my 
Redeemer ! 

Antiphon  for  Advent.  1  The  An 
gel  Gabriel  spake  unto  Mary,  saying  : 
Hail,  thou  that  art  full  of  grace,  the 
Lord  is  with  thee  :  blessed  art  thou 
among  women. 

Antiphon  for  the  rest  of  the  year. 

2  There     is     no     speech     nor     lan 
guage    where    their    voice    is    not 
heard. 

/;/  Paschal  time  only  one  Antiphon  is 
said  to  the  whole  Nocturn. 

Second  Antiphon  for  Advent. 
Mary  said. 

Second  Antiphon  for  the  rest  of  the 
year.  The  LORD. 

When  this  Antiphon  is  used  the 
Psalm  begins  with  the  words  "  Hear 
thee." 

Psalm  XIX. 

[This  Psalm  has  the  same  title  as  the 
last.] 

THE  LORD  hear  thee  in  the  day 
of   trouble  :   *  the   Name   of 
the  God  of  Jacob  defend  thee. 


Send  thee  help  from  the  sanc 
tuary,  *  and  strengthen  thee  out  of 
Zion. 

Remember  all  thine  offerings,  * 
and  accept  thy  burnt  sacrifice.3 

Grant  thee  according  to  thine 
own  heart,  *  and  fulfil  all  thy 
counsel. 

We  will  rejoice  in  Thy  salvation  : 

*  and  in  the  name  of  our  God  will 
we  exult. 

The  LORD  fulfil  all  thy  petitions  : 

*  now  know  I  that  the  LORD  saveth 
His  Anointed. 

He  will  hear  him  from  His  holy 
heaven,  *  strong  is  the  salvation  of 
His  right  hand. 

Some  trust  in  chariots  and  some 
in  horses :  *  but  we  will  call 
upon  the  name  of  the  LORD  our 
God. 

They  are  brought  down  and  fal 
len  :  *  but  we  are  risen,  and  stand 
upright. 

O  LORD,  save  the  king :  *  and 
hear  us  in  the  day  when  we  call 
upon  Thee. 

Antiphon  for  Advent.  4  Mary 
said :  What  manner  of  salutation 
is  this?  My  soul  is  troubled. 
Shall  I  bear  the  King?  And  will 
He  not  break  the  seal  of  my  vir 
ginity  ? 

Antiphon  for  the  rest  of  the  year. 
5  The  LORD  hear  thee  in  the  day  of 
trouble. 

Third  Antiphon  for  Advent.  The 
King. 

Third  Antiphon  for  the  rest  of  the 
year.  The  king. 

When  this  Antiphon  is  used  the 
Psalm  begins  with  the  words  "  Shall 
joy." 


1  Luke  i.  28. 
4  Luke  i.  29. 


2  Ps.  xviii.  4. 
5  Ps.  xix.  2. 


SLH. 


SUNDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


Psalm  XX. 

[This  Psalm  also  bears  the  same  title  as 
the  xviiith.] 


king  shall  joy  in  Thy 
strength,  O  LORD  :  *  and  in 
Thy  salvation  how  greatly  shall  he 
rejoice  ! 

Thou  hast  given  him  his  heart's 
desire,  *  and  hast  not  withholden 
the  request  of  his  lips.1 

For  Thou  hast  met  him  with  the 
blessings  of  sweetness  :  *  Thou  hast 
set  a  crown  of  precious  stones  upon 
his  head. 

He  asked  life  of  Thee  :  *  and 
Thou  gavest  him  length  of  days  for 
ever  and  ever. 

His  glory  is  great  in  Thy  salva 
tion  :  *  honour  and  great  majesty 
shalt  Thou  lay  upon  him. 

For  Thou  wilt  give  him  to  be  a 
blessing  for  ever  :  *  Thou  shalt 
make  him  exceeding  glad  with  Thy 
countenance. 

For  the  king  trusteth  in  the 
LORD,  *  and,  through  the  mercy 
of  the  Most  High,  he  shall  not  be 
moved. 

Thine  hand  shall  find  out  all 
thine  enemies  :  *  thy  right  hand 
shall  find  out  all  those  that  hate 
thee. 

Thou  shalt  make  them  as  a  fiery 
oven  in  the  time  of  thine  anger  :  * 
the  LORD  shall  cut  them  off  in  His 
wrath,  and  the  fire  shall  devour  them. 

Their  fruit  shalt  thou  destroy  from 
the  earth,  *  and  their  seed  from 
among  the  children  of  men. 

For  they  intended  evil  against 
thee  :  *  they  imagined  a  device, 
which  they  were  not  able  to  perform. 

Therefore   shalt   thou    cast    them 


behind    thee :    *    thou    shalt    leave 
their  faces  lying  in  thy  track. 

Be  Thou  exalted,  O  LORD,  in 
Thine  own  strength  :  *  we  will  sing 
and  praise  Thy  power. 

Antiphon  for  Advent.  The  King, 
even  the  Most  High,  cometh  ;  there 
fore  let  the  hearts  of  men  be  purified 
to  go  forth  to  meet  Him,  for,  behold, 

2  He  will  come  and  will  not  tarry. 

Antiphon  for  the  rest  of  the  year. 

3  The  king  shall  joy  in  Thy  strength, 
O  LORD. 

Antiphon  for  Paschal  time.  Alle 
luia,  Weep  not,  Mary,  Alleluia  :  the 
Lord  is  risen,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Then  is  said  a  Verse  and  Answer. 
In  Advent. 

Verse.  4  The  Lord  cometh  out  of 
His  holy  place. 

Answer.  He  will  come  and  save 
His  people. 

During  the  rest  of  the  year. 

Verse.  5  Be  Thou  exalted,  O 
LORD,  in  Thine  own  strength. 

Answer.  We  will  sing  and  praise 
Thy  power. 

In  Lent. 

Verse.  6  His  truth  shall  be  thy 
shield. 

Answer.  Thou  shalt  not  be  afraid 
for  the  terror  by  night. 

In  Passion  time. 

Verse.  7  Take  not  away  my  soul 
with  sinners,  O  God ! 

Answer.  Nor  my  life  with  bloody 
men. 


1  SLH.  2  Heb.  x.  37. 

4  Isa.  xxxv.  4 ;  Micah  i.  3.  5  Ps.  xx.  14. 


3  Ps,  xx,  2. 
6  Ps.  xc.  5.  7  Ps.  xxv.  9. 


20 


THE   PSALTER. 


In  Paschal  time. 

Verse.  1  The  disciples  were  glad, 
Alleluia. 

Answer.  When  they  saw  the 
Lord,  Alleluia. 

Then  is  said  the  Lord's  Prayer. 

OUR  Father  (inaudibly\  Who 
art  in  heaven,  Hallowed  be 
Thy  Name.  Thy  kingdom  come. 
Thy  will  be  done  on  earth,  as  it  is 
in  heaven.  Give  us  this  day  our 
daily  bread.  And  forgive  us  our 
trespasses,  as  we  forgive  them  that 
trespass  against  us.  (Aloud.) 

Verse.  And  lead  us  not  into 
temptation. 

Answer.     But  deliver  us  from  evil. 

Then  the  Absolution. 

MAY  the   Almighty   and   merci 
ful  Lord  loose  us  from  the 
bonds  of  our  sins. 
Answer.     Amen. 


Then  the  reader  says  : 
Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 


ing. 


Seventh  Blessing. 


May  the  Gospel's  saving  Lord 
Bless  the  reading  of  His  word. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Then  is  read  the  Seventh  Lesson^  and 
at  the  end  the  reader  says  : 

But  Thou,   O  Lord,  have  mercy 
upon  us. 

Answer.    Thanks  be  to  God. 

Then  is  said  the  Seventh  Responsory, 
after  which  the  reader  says  : 

Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 


ing. 


Eighth  Blessing. 

God's    most    mighty   strength   al- 

way 

Be  His  people's  staff  and  stay. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Then  is  read  the  Eighth  Lesson,  and 
at  the  end  the  reader  says  : 

But  Thou,   O  Lord,  have  mercy 
upon  us. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Then  is  said  the  Eighth  Responsory ', 
after  which  the  reader  says  : 

Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 
ing. 

Ninth  Blessing. 

May    He    That    is    the    Angels' 

King 
To  that  high  realm  His  people 

bring. 
Answer.  Amen. 

Or,  if  another  Gospel  and  Homily  are 
to  be  read: 

May  the  Gospel's  glorious  word 
Cleansing  to  our  souls  afford. 

Then  is  read  the  Ninth  Lesson,  and 
at  the  end  the  reader  says : 

But  Thou,  O  Lord,  have  mercy 
upon  us. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Then  is  said  a  Ninth  Responsory, 
unless  this  Hymn,  "We  praise  Thee, 
O  God,"  be  substituted  for  it.  The 
Hymn  "We  praise  Thee,  O  God,"  is 
said  in  this  place  on  every  Sunday  and 
Feast-day  in  the  year  (except  the  Feast 
of  the  Holy  hinocents  if  it  fall  on  a 
Week  -  day}  from  Easter  to  Advent 
and  from  Christmas  to  Septuagesima. 
In  Advent  and  from  Septuagesima  to 
Easter  it  is  not  said  on  Sunday,  but 
only  on  Feast-days.  From  Easter  to 
Pentecost  it  is  said  on  every  day  what 
soever,  except  only  Rogation  Monday. 


ijohn 


SUNDAY   AT    MATTINS. 


21 


praise  Thee,  O  God:  we 
acknowledge  Thee  to  be 
the  Lord. 

All  the  earth  doth  worship  Thee, 
the  Father  everlasting. 

To  Thee  all  Angels  cry  aloud, 
the  heavens,  and  all  the  Powers 
therein. 

To  Thee  Cherubim-  and  Sera 
phim  3  continually  do  cry  : 

Holy,  Holy,  Holy  LORD  God  of 
Sabaoth.4 

Heaven  and  earth  are  full  of  the 
majesty  of  Thy  glory. 

The  glorious  company  of  the 
Apostles  praise  Thee  : 

The  goodly  fellowship  of  the 
Prophets  praise  Thee  : 

The  white-robed  army  of  Mar 
tyrs  praise  Thee  : 

The  holy  Church  throughout  all 
the  world  doth  acknowledge  Thee  : 

The  Father  of  an  infinite  Ma 
jesty  : 

Thine  honourable,  true  and  only 
Son: 

Also  the  Holy  Ghost,  the  Com 
forter. 

Thou  art  the  King  of  glory,  O 
Christ ! 

Thou  art  the  everlasting  Son  of 
the  Father. 

When  Thou  tookest  upon  Thee 
to  deliver  man,  Thou  didst  not 
abhor  the  Virgin's  womb  : 

When  Thou  hadst  overcome  the 
sharpness  of  death,  Thou  didst 
open  the  kingdom  of  heaven  to 
all  believers  : 

Thou  sittesi  at  the  right  hand  of 
God,  in  the  glory  of  the  Father  : 


We  believe  that  Thou  shalt  come 
to  be  our  Judge  : 

5  We  therefore  pray  Thee,  help 
Thy  servants,  whom  Thou  hast  re 
deemed  with  Thy  precious  Blood. 

Make  them  to  be  numbered  with 
Thy  Saints  in  glory  everlasting.6 

7O  Lord,  save  Thy  people,  and 
bless  Thine  inheritance. 

Govern  them,  and  lift  them  up 
for  ever. 

Day  by  day  we  magnify  Thee ; 

And  we  worship  Thy  name, 
ever  world  without  end. 

Vouchsafe,  O  Lord,  this  day, 
to  keep  us  without  sin. 

8  Have  mercy  upon  us,  O  LORD, 
have  mercy  upon  us. 

9  O  LORD,  let  Thy  mercy  lighten 
upon  us,  as  our  trust  is  in  Thee. 

10  O  LORD,  in  Thee  have  I  trust 
ed  :  let  me  never  be  confounded. 

If  Lauds  be  not  immediately  to  follow, 
Mattins  end  thus  : 

Verse.     Hear  my  prayer,  O  LORD. 
Answer.     And   let   my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 

Let  us  pray. 

Then  the  Prayer  for  the  day ;  then 
Verse.     Hear  my  prayer,  O  LORD. 
Answer.     And  let   my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 

Verse.     Bless  we  the  Lord. 
Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 
Verse.       May    the    souls    of    the 
faithful,  through  the  mercy  of  God, 
rest  in  peace. 

Answer.     Amen. 

Then  the  Lord's  Prayer. 


1  The  authorship  of  this  Hymn,  which  is  prescribed  in  the  Rule  of  St.  Benedict  (born  A.D. 
480,  died  543),  is  uncertain.  -  See  Ezek.  i.  3  See  Isaiah  vi.  2. 

4  Hebrew  feminine  Plural,  meaning  "hosts,"  "armies." 

5  During  this  verse  it  is  usual  to  kneel.  6  Here  ends  the  original  Hymn. 
7  Ps.  xxvii.  9.                    8  Ps.  cxxii.  3.                    9  Ps.  xxxii.  22.  10  Ps.  xxx.  2. 


22 


LAUDS,    OR    THE    MORNING    PRAISES 
OF    GOD.1 


Suntiag. 

THE  LORD'S  DAY. 

Verse.  >J«  Make  haste,  O  God,  to 
deliver  me. 

Ansiver.  Make  haste  to  help  me, 
O  LORD. 

Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and  to 
the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

As  it  was  in  the  beginning,  is 
now,  and  ever  shall  be,  world  with 
out  end.  Amen,  Alleluia. 

From  Septuagesima  Sunday  to 
Maundy  Thursday  instead  of  "Alle 
luia,"  is  said: 

Ceaseless  praise  to  Thee  be  given, 
O  Eternal  King  of  Heaven. 

Then  follow  at  once  the  Psalms  and 
Antiphons.  From  the  First  Sunday  in 
Advent  till  the  Sunday  after  the  Octave 
of  the  Epiphany  and  from  Septuagesima 
Sunday  till  the  Octave  of  Pentecost 
(and  also  on  all  Feasts},  Five  Antiphons 
are  given,  which  are  then  said  in  the 
places  here  marked.  During  the  rest 
of  the  year  only  Three  A?itiphons  are 
said,  which  are  given  here. 

Antiphon.     Alleluia. 


Psalm  XCII. 

[The  Hebrew  and  the  Targum  give  no 
superscription ;  but  the  LXX.  and  the 
Vulgate  have  "A  Song  of  Praise  by  David 
for  the  eve  of  the  Sabbath  when  the  earth 
was  established" — i.e.,  A  Song  of  Praise 
proper  for  the  close  of  Friday  before  the 
setting  -  in  of  the  Sabbath ;  the  time  of 
which  it  is  said  (Gen.  i.  31,  ii.  i):  "And 
God  saw  every  thing  that  He  had  made, 
and,  behold,  it  was  very  good.  And  the 
evening  and  the  morning  were  the  sixth 
day.  Thus  the  heavens  and  the  earth 
were  finished,  and  all  the  host  of  them."] 

THE  LORD  reigneth,  He  is 
clothed  with  majesty  :  *  the 
LORD  is  clothed  with  strength,  where 
with  He  hath  girded  Himself. 

He  hath  established  the  world 
also,  *  that  it  cannot  be  moved. 

Thy  throne  is  established  of  old  : 
*  Thou  art  from  everlasting. 

The  floods  have  lifted  up,  O 
LORD,  *  the  floods  have  lifted  up 
their_  voice — 

The  floods  lift  up  their  waves.  * 
— But  Mightier  than  the  noise  of 
many  waters — 

Than  the  mighty  breakers  of  the 
sea — *  is  the  LORD  on  high ! 


1  The  proper  hour  for  Lauds  is  the  dawn  of  day.  This  is  reckoned  to  be  about  3  A.M.,  at 
which  time  this  Office  is  said  in  many  Convents.  For  this  purpose  it  is,  in  choirs,  invari 
ably  (except  where  it  forms  part  of  the  same  service  with  the  Midnight  Mass  at  Christmas) 
said  immediately  after  and  as  one  service  with  Mattins.  Hence  it  follows  ist,  that  it  is 
said  late  in  the  afternoon,  when  Mattins  are  said  at  that  time,  and  2ndly,  that  the  Lord's 
Prayer  and  Angelic  Salutation  are  not  said  at  the  beginning.  This  service  is  constructed 
on  the  same  general  principle  as  Vespers,  and  answers  to  that  Office  as  Prime  does  to 
Compline. 


SUNDAY   AT    LAUDS. 


Thy  testimonies  are  very  sure  :  * 
holiness  becometh  Thine  house,  O 
LORD,  for  ever ! 

When  there  are  Five  Antiphons  the 
First  is  repeated,  and  the  Second  begun 
or  said  through  the  first  time  here. 

Psalm  XCIX. 

[Intituled  in  the  Vulgate  and  the  LXX., 
"  A  Psalm  of  Thanksgiving. "] 

IV  /TAKE  a  joyful  noise  unto  God, 
-*-*-*-  all  ye  lands  :  *  serve  the 
LORD  with  gladness. 

Come  before  His  presence,  *  with 
singing. 

Know  ye  that  the  LORD,  He  is 
God  :  *  it  is  He  That  hath  made 
us,  and  not l  we  ourselves  : 

We  are  His  people,  and  the  sheep 
of  His  pasture.  *  Enter  into  His  gates 
with  thanksgiving,  and  into  His  courts 
with  praise  :  give  thanks  unto  Him,^ 

Praise  His  Name.  For  the  LORD 
is  good,  His  mercy  is  everlasting  : 
*  and  His  truth  endureth  to  all 
generations. 

When  there  are  Five  Antiphons  the 
Second  is  repeated,  and  the  Third  begun 
or  said  through  the  first  time  here. 

Psalm  LXII. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David,  when  he 
was  in  the  wilderness  of  Judah."  This  was 
one  of  the  most  perilous  periods  of  David's 
life,  when  he  was  flying  from  the  pursuit  of 
Saul,  and  hiding  in  different  forests  and 
wildernesses  in  the  south  of  Palestine.  He 
was  betrayed  again  and  again,  and  had  the 
most  hairbreadth  escapes.  The  history 
will  be  found  in  I  Kings  (Sam.)  xxii.  and 
xxiii.] 

GOD,    Thou   art   my  God,   * 
early  will  I  seek  Thee  : 
My  soul  thirsteth  for  Thee,  *  my 
flesh  longeth  for  Thee, 


In  a  dry  and  desert  land,  with 
out  water.  *  So  have  I  appeared 
before  Thee  in  the  Sanctuary,  to  see 
Thy  power  and  Thy  glory. 

Because  Thy  loving-kindness  is 
better  than  life,  *  my  lips  shall  praise 
Thee. 

Thus  will  I  bless  Thee  while  I 
live  :  *  and  will  lift  up  mine  hands 
in  Thy  name. 

My  soul  shall  be  satisfied  as 
with  marrow  and  fatness ;  *  and 
my  mouth  shall  praise  Thee  with 
joyful  lips. 

When  I  remember  Thee  upon  my 
bed,  I  meditate  upon  Thee  in  the 
night  watches :  *  because  Thou 
hast  been  mine  help  : 

And  in  the  shadow  of  Thy  wings 
will  I  rejoice.  My  soul  followeth 
hard  after  Thee  :  *  Thy  right  hand 
upholdeth  me. 

But  those  that  seek  my  soul  to 
destroy  it,  shall  go  into  the  lower 
parts  of  the  earth  :  *  they  shall  fall 
by  the  sword,  they  shall  be  a  portion 
for  foxes. 

But  the  King  shall  rejoice  in 
God :  every  one  that  sweareth  by 
him  shall  glory :  *  for  the  mouth 
of  them  that  speak  lies  shall  be 
stopped. 

Here  the  Doxology,  "  Glory  be  to  the 
Father,  &c.,"  is  not  said. 


Psalm  LXVI. 

[Besides  a  musical  superscription,  the 
Hebrew  and  the  Targum  give  no  title  ex 
cept  "  A  Psalm,  a  Psalm.  "  But  the  Vulgate 
and  the  LXX.  ascribe  the  authorship  to 
David.] 


be   merciful    unto   us,   and 
bless   us  :    *  cause    His    face 


1  The  Hebrew  tradition  attributes  the  negative  to  an  eccentric  spelling,  and  translates 
"and  His  we  are.'' 


THE   PSALTER. 


to  shine  upon  us,  and  be  merciful 
unto  us.1 

That  Thy  way  may  be  known 
upon  earth  :  *  Thy  saving  health 
among  all  nations. 

Let  the  people  praise  Thee,  O 
God :  *  let  all  the  people  praise 
Thee. 

O  let  the  nations  be  glad  and 
sing  for  joy :  *  for  Thou  judgest 
the  people  righteously,  and  govern- 
est  the  nations  upon  earth.2 

Let  the  people  praise  Thee,  O 
God,  let  all  the  people  praise  Thee. 
*  The  earth  hath  yielded  her  in 
crease  ; 

Let  God,  even  our  own  God, 
bless  us  ;  let  God  bless  us  :  *  and 
let  all  the  ends  of  the  earth  fear 
Him. 

When  there  are  Five  Antiphons,  the 
Third  is  repeated,  and  the  Fourth  begun 
or  said  through  the  first  time  here. 

Ordinary  Antiphon  throughout  the 
year.  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Second  Ordinary  Antiphon.  The 
king  commanded. 

Antiphon  for  Paschal  time.  Al 
leluia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia;  Alleluia, 
Alleluia,  Alleluia;  Alleluia,  Alleluia, 
Alleluia. 

Second  Antiphon  for  Paschal  time. 
He  That  delivered. 

THE  SONG  OF  THE  THREE  HOLY 
CHILDREN.     (Daniel  iii.  57.) 

[It  is  well  known  how  the  three  young 
comrades  of  Daniel,  Hananiah,  Mishael,  and 
Azariah,  called  by  the  heathen,  Shadrach, 
Meshach,  and  Abednego,  were  thrown  into 
a  furnace  for  refusing  to  worship  an  idol, 
and  remained  unhurt  amid  the  flames.  In 
this  strange  position  Azariah  offered  a  long 
prayer.  "  And  the  king's  servants,  that  put 


them  in,  ceased  not  to  make  the  oven  hot 
with  I'esin,  pitch,  tow,  and  small  wood,  so 
that  the  flame  streamed  forth  above  the 
furnace  forty  and  nine  cubits.  But  the 
Angel  of  the  Lord  came  down  into  the 
oven  together  with  Azariah  and  his  fellows, 
and  smote  the  flame  of  the  fire  out  of  the 
oven,  and  made  the  midst  of  the  furnace  as 
it  had  been  a  moist  whistling  wind,  so  that 
the  fire  touched  them  not  at  all,  neither 
hurt  nor  troubled  them.  Then  the  three, 
as  out  of  one  mouth,  praised,  glorified,  and 
blessed  God  in  the  furnace,  saying "  the 
Hymn,  of  which  that  in  the  text  is  a  cento. 
The  first  five  verses  are  omitted.] 

OALL  ye  works  of  the  Lord, 
bless  ye  the  Lord  :  *  praise 
Him,  and  exalt  Him  above  all  for 
ever. 

O  ye  Angels  of  the  Lord,  bless  ye 
the  Lord  :  *  O  ye  heavens,  bless  ye 
the  Lord. 

O  all  ye  waters  that  be  above  the 
heavens,  bless  ye  the  Lord :  *  O  all 
ye  powers  of  the  Lord,  bless  ye  the 
Lord. 

O  ye  Sun  and  Moon,  bless  ye  the 
Lord  :  *  O  ye  stars  of  heaven,  bless 
ye  the  Lord. 

O  ye  showers  and  dew,  bless  ye 
the  Lord  :  *  O  ye  winds  of  God, 
bless  ye  the  Lord. 

O  ye  fire  and  heat,  bless  ye  the 
Lord  :  *  O  ye  winter  and  summer, 
bless  ye  the  Lord. 

O  ye  dews  and  rime,  bless  ye  the 
Lord  :  *  O  ye  frost  and  cold,  bless 
ye  the  Lord. 

O  ye  ice  and  snow,  bless  ye  the 
Lord  :  *  O  ye  nights  and  days,  bless 
ye  the  Lord. 

O  ye  light  and  darkness,  bless  ye 
the  Lord :  *  O  ye  lightnings  and 
clouds,  bless  ye  the  Lord. 

O  let  the  earth  bless  the  Lord  : 
*  let  her  praise  and  exalt  Him  above 
all  for  ever ! 


1  SLH.    The  repetition  of  the  words  "be  merciful  unto  us"  is  peculiar  to  the  Latin. 

2  SLH. 


SUNDAY   AT   LAUDS. 


O  ye  mountains  and  hills,  bless 
ye  the  Lord :  *  O  all  ye  green 
things  upon  the  earth,  bless  ye  the 
Lord. 

O  ye  wells,   bless   ye   the   Lord  : 

*  O  ye  seas  and  floods,  bless  ye  the 
Lord. 

O  ye  whales,  and  all  that  move 
in  the  waters,  bless  ye  the  Lord : 

*  O   all  ye  fowls   of  the  air,  bless 
ye  the  Lord. 

O  all  ye  beasts  and  cattle,  bless 
ye  the  Lord  :  *  O  ye  children  of 
men,  bless  ye  the  Lord. 

O  let  Israel  bless  the  Lord  :  *  let 
him  praise  and  exalt  Him  above  all 
for  ever ! 

O  ye  Priests  of  the  Lord,  bless  ye 
the  Lord  :  *  O  ye  servants  of  the 
Lord,  bless  ye  the  Lord. 

O  ye  spirits  and  souls  of  the 
righteous,  bless  ye  the  Lord  :  *  O 
ye  holy  and  humble  men  of  heart, 
bless  ye  the  Lord. 

0  Ananias,  Azarias,  and  Misael, 
bless   ye   the   Lord :    *    praise    and 
exalt  Him  above  all  for  ever. 

1  Bless   we    the    Father,    and   the 
Son,  and  the  Holy  Ghost :  *  let  us 
praise  and  exalt  Him  above  all  for 
ever. 

Blessed  art  Thou,  O  Lord,  in  the 
firmament  of  heaven  :  *  and  to  be 
praised,  and  glorified,  and  exalted 
above  all  for  ever. 

Here  the  Doxology,  "  Glory  be  to  the 
Father,  &c.,"  is  not  said,  nor  "Amen" 
answered.  But  the  other  Canticles  are 
treated  like  ordinary  Psalms. 

When  there  are  Five  Antiphons,  the 
Fourth  is  repeated,  and  the  Fifth  begun 
or  said  through  the  first  time  here. 

Ordinary  Antiphon  throughout  the 


year.  The  king  commanded,  and 
the  Three  Children  were  cast  into 
the  furnace,  fearing  not  the  flame 
of  the  fire,  but  saying  :  Blessed  be 
God! 

Antiphon  for  Paschal  time.  He 
That  delivered  the  Three  Children 
from  the  burning  fiery  furnace,  even 
Christ,  is  risen  from  the  grave. 
Alleluia. 

Third  Antiphon.     Alleluia. 

Psalm  CXLVIII. 

[To  this  Psalm  is  prefixed  "Alleluia." 
The  LXX.  connect  it  with  the  Prophets 
Haggai  and  Zechariah.  See  Thursday  and 
Friday  in  the  fifth  week  of  November.] 

JDRAISE  ye  the  LORD  from  the 
heavens  :  *  praise  Him  in  the 
heights. 

Praise  ye  Him,  all  His  Angels  :  * 
praise  ye  Him,  all  His  hosts. 

Praise   ye   Him,   sun   and   moon  : 

*  praise  Him,  all  ye  stars  and  light. 
Praise  Him,  ye  heavens  of  heavens: 

*  and  all  the  waters  that  be  above 
the  heavens.     Let  them   praise  the 
Name  of  the  LORD  ! 

For  He  spake,  and  they  were 
made 2 :  *  He  commanded,  and  they 
were  created. 

He  hath  established  them  for 
ever  and  ever :  *  He  hath  made  a 
decree  which  shall  not  pass. 

Praise  the  LORD  from  the  earth, 

*  ye  dragons,  and  all  deeps  : — 
Fire,  hail,  snow,  ice,  stormy  wind, 

*  fulfilling  His  word  : — 
Mountains,  and  all  hills,  *  fruitful 

trees,  and  all  cedars  : — 

Beasts,  and  all  cattle,  *  creeping 
things,  and  flying  fowl : — 

Kings  of  the  earth,  and  all  people  ; 


1  This  verse  is,  of  course,  a  later  addition  ;  more  than  two  verses  are  omitted,  and  the  last 
given  is  one  of  those  omitted  at  the  beginning. 

2  Taken  from  Ps.  xxxii.  9. 


26 


THE    PSALTER. 


*  princes,  and  all  judges  of  the 
earth  : — 

Young  men,  and  maidens,  old 
men,  and  children  :  let  them  praise 
the  Name  of  the  LORD — *  for  His 
Name  alone  is  exalted  ! 

His  glory  is  above  heaven  and 
earth.  *  He  also  exalteth  the  horn 
of  His  people, 

The  praise  of  all  His  Saints,  * 
even  of  the  children  of  Israel,  a 
people  near  unto  Him. 

[Here  "Alleluia."] 

Here  the  Doxology,  "  Glory  be  to  the 
Father,  &c.,"  is  not  said. 

Psalm    CXLIX. 
[Here  "Alleluia."] 

SING  unto  the  LORD  a  new 
song  :  *  His  praise  in  the 
congregation  of  Saints. 

Let  Israel  rejoice  in  Him  That 
made  him  :  *  and  let  the  children 
of  Zion  be  joyful  in  their  King. 

Let  them  praise  His  Name  in 
the  dance  :  *  let  them  sing  praises 
unto  Him  with  the  timbrel  and 
harp. 

For  the  LORD  taketh  pleasure  in 
His  people  :  *  He  also  will  exalt 
the  meek  unto  salvation. 

Let  the  Saints  be  joyful  in  glory  : 

*  let   them   sing   aloud  upon   their 
beds: 

Let  the  high  praises  of  God  be  in 
their  mouth :  *  and  a  two-edged 
sword  in  their  hands ; 

To  execute  vengeance  upon  the 
heathen,  *  and  punishments  upon 
the  people ; 

To  bind  their  kings  with  chains, 

*  and   their   nobles   with   fetters   of 
iron  ; 

To  execute  upon  them  the  judg 


ment  written  :    *  this  honour  have 
all  His  Saints. 

[Here  "Alleluia."] 

Here  the  Doxology,  "  Glory  be  to  the 
Father,  &c.,"  is  not  said. 

Psalm  CL. 
[Here  "Alleluia."] 

PRAISE   the   Lord  in  His   sanc 
tuary  !    *   praise   Him   in   the 
firmament  of  His  power ! 

Praise  Him  in  His  mighty  acts  ! 
*  praise  Him  according  to  His  ex 
cellent  greatness ! 

Praise  Him  with  the  sound  of 
the  trumpet !  *  praise  Him  with  the 
psaltery  and  harp  ! 

Praise  Him  with  the  timbrel  and 
dance  !  *  praise  Him  with  stringed 
instruments  and  organs  ! 

Praise  Him  upon  the  loud  cym 
bals,  praise  Him  upon  the  high- 
sounding  cymbals  !  *  Let  every 
thing  that  hath  breath  praise  the 
LORD  ! 

[Here  "Alleluia."] 

Antiphon.  Alleluia,  Alleluia,  Alle 
luia. 

(The  last  of  Five  Antiphons  is,  of 
course,  repeated  here.} 

Then  follows  the  Chapter.  From  the 
First  Sunday  in  Advent  to  the  Second 
Sunday  after  the  Epiphany,  and  from 
Septuagesima  Sunday  to  the  Third 
Sunday  after  Pentecost,  as  also  on  all 
Feasts,  a  special  Chapter  is  given.  On 
the  remaining  Sundays  the  Chapter  is 
that  given  here. 

CHAPTER.    (Apoc.  vii.  12.) 

13LESSING,  and  glory,  and  wis- 
*-*  dom,  and  thanksgiving,  and 
honour,  and  power,  and  might  be 


SUNDAY   AT   LAUDS. 


unto   our   God   for    ever    and    ever. 
Amen. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

This  answer  is  always  made  after 
the  Chapter. 

Then  follows  the  Hymn.  From  the 
First  Sunday  in  Advent  till  the  Octave 
of  the  Epiphany  and  from  the  First 
Sunday  in  Lent  till  the  Octave  of  Pen 
tecost,  as  also  on  all  Feasts,  a  special 
Hymn  is  given.  On  the  remaining 
Sundays  the  Hymn  given  here  is  said, 
except  between  the  Octave  of  Pentecost 
and  the  first  Sunday  of  October. 

HYMN.1 

"PRAMER  of  the  earth  and  sky, 
-1        Ruler  of  the  day  and  night, 
With  a  glad  variety, 
Tempering  all,  and  making  light  ; 

Gleams  upon  our  dark  path  flinging, 
Cutting  short  each  night  begun, 
Hark  !  for  chanticleer  is  singing, 
Hark  !  he  chides  the  lingering  sun. 

And  the  morning  star  replies, 
And  lets  loose  the  imprison'd  day  ; 
And  the  godless  bandit  flies 
From  his  haunt,  and  from  his  prey. 

Shrill  it  sounds,  the  storm  relenting 
Soothes  the  weary  seamen's  ears  ; 
Once  it  wrought  a  great  repenting, 
In  that  flood  of  Peter's  tears. 

Rouse  we  ;  let  the  blithesome  cry 
Of  that  bird  our  hearts  awaken  ; 
Chide  the  slumberers  as  they  lie, 
And  arrest  the  sin-o'ertaken. 

Hope  and  health  are  in  his  strain, 
To  the  fearful  and  the  ailing  ; 
Murder  sheathes  his  blade  profane, 
Faith  revives  when  faith  was  failing. 

JESU,  Master  !  when  we  sin, 
Turn  on  us  Thy  healing  Face  ; 
It  will  melt  the  offence  within 
Into  penitential  grace  : 


Beam  on  our  bewildered  mind, 
Till  its  dreamy  shadows  flee ; 
Stones  cry  out  where  Thou  hast  shined, 
JESU  !  musical  with  Thee. 

To  the  Father  and  the  Son, 
And  the  Spirit,  Who  in  heaven 
Ever  witness,  Three  and  One, 
Praise  on  earth  be  ever  given. 

Amen. 

The  following  Hymn  is  said  from  the 
Fourth  Sunday  after  Pentecost  till  the 
first  Sunday  of  October. 


HYMN.2 

"DALER  have  grown  the  shades  of 
-1       night, 

And  nearer  draws  the  day, 
Checkering   the    sky    with    streaks    of 
light, 

Since  we  began  to  pray  : 

To  pray  for  mercy  when  we  sin, 

For  cleansing  and  release, 
For  ghostly  safety,  and  within 

For  everlasting  peace. 

Praise  to  the  Father,  as  is  meet, 

Praise  to  the  Only  Son, 
Praise  to  the  Holy  Paraclete, 

While  endless  ages  run. 

Amen. 

Then  is  said  a  Verse  and  Answer. 
In  Advent  and  from  Septuagesima 
Sunday  till  the  end  of  Paschal  time,  as 
also  on  all  Feasts,  a  special  Verse  and 
Answer  are  given. 

Verse.  3  The  LORD  reigneth,  He 
is  clothed  with  majesty. 

Answer.  The  LORD  is  clothed 
with  strength,  and  hath  girded  Him 
self  with  power. 

Then  is  said  the  following  Song  from 
the  Gospel.  It  has  an  Antiphon,  which 
is  always  special,  and  which  is  either 


1  By  St.  Ambrose,  or  at  least  of  the  Ambrosian  school,  except  the  last  verse.    Translation 
by  the  late  Card.  Newman. 

2  By  Pope  St.   Gregory  the  Great,   but  a  good  deal  altered.     Translation  by  the  late 
Card.   Newman.  3  ps    xcjj    j 


28 


THE   PSALTER. 


begun  or  said  through  the  first  time  be 
fore  it,  according  as  the  Office  is  Double 
or  not. 


THE  SONG  OF  ZACHARIAS. 

[On   the  occasion  of  the  circumcision  of 
St.  John  the  Baptist. — Luke  i.  68-79.] 

BLESSED   be  the  Lord  God  of 
Israel,  *  for  He  hath  visited 
and  redeemed  His  people. 

And  hath  raised  up  an  horn  of 
salvation  for  us,  *  in  the  house  of 
His  servant  David  : 

As  He  spake  by  the  mouth  of 
His  holy  Prophets,  *  which  have 
been  since  the  world  began  : 

That  we  should  be  saved  from 
our  enemies,  *  and  from  the  hand  of 
all  that  hate  us  : 

To  perform  the  mercy  promised 
to  our  fathers,  *  and  to  remember 
His  holy  covenant : 

The  oath  which  He  sware  to  our 
father  Abraham,  *  that  He  would 
grant  unto  us, 

That  we,  being  delivered  out  of 
the  hand  of  our  enemies,  *  might 
serve  Him  without  fear, 

In  holiness  and  righteousness  be 
fore  Him  *  all  the  days  of  our  life. 

And  thou,  child,  shalt  be  called 
the  Prophet  of  the  Highest :  *  for 
thou  shalt  go  before  the  face  of  the 
Lord  to  prepare  His  ways  : 

To  give  knowledge  of  salvation 
unto  His  people,  *  by  the  remission 
of  their  sins ; 

Through  the  tender  mercy  of  our 
God,  *  whereby  the  dayspring  from 
on  high  hath  visited  us, 

To  give  light  to  them  that  sit 
in  darkness,  and  in  the  shadow  of 
death,  *  to  guide  our  feet  into  the 
way  of  peace. 

The  Doxology,    "Glory    be    to    the 


Father,    &c.,"   is   said, 
Antiphon  repeated. 


and    then    the 


Then  is  said : 

Verse.     Hear  my  prayer,  O  LORD. 
Answer.      And  let  my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 

Let  us  pray. 

Then  follows  the  Prayer  for  the  day 
at  the  end  of  which  is  answered: 

Answer.     Amen. 

Afterwards  are  made  any  Commem 
orations  necessary,  by  the  Antiphon 
for  the  Song  of  Zacharias,  the  Verse 
and  Answer  after  the  Hymn,  and  the 
Prayer  (preceded  by  "Let  us  pray") 
from  the  superseded  Office  which  is  to 
be  commemorated.  After  which  the 
following  Common  Commemorations 
are  made,  if  required,  according  to 
Chapter  xxxv.  of  the  General  Rubrics. 

When  more  than  two  Prayers  are  to 
be  said,  the  last  clause  of  each  (begin 
ning  "Through  our  Lord,  £c.,"  or 
"  Who  livest,  &c.,")  is  omitted  in  all 
except  the  first  and  the  last,  nor  is 
"  Amen "  answered  except  after  these 
two. 

(Note  that  if  these  Commemorations 
be  said  upon  a  week-day,  kept  as  suck, 
out  of  Paschal  time,  they  are  preceded 
by  the  Commemoration  of  the  Cross, 
given  hereafter  at  the  end  of  the  Lauds 
of  Monday?) 


I.    Commemoration  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin  Mary. 

(Omitted  if  the  Office  of  the  day  is 
of  the  Blessed  Virgin,  or  if  her  Little 
Office  is  to  be  said.) 

Antiphon.  O  Holy  Mary,  be 
thou  an  help  to  the  helpless,  a 
strength  to  the  fearful,  a  comfort  to 
the  sorrowful ;  pray  for  the  people, 
plead  for  the  clergy,  make  inter 
cession  for  all  women  vowed  to 
God ;  may  all  that  keep  thine  holy 


SUNDAY   AT   LAUDS. 


remembrance,     feel    the    might     of 
thine  assistance. 

Verse.       Pray    for     us,     O     holy 
Mother  of  God. 

Answer,  That  we  may  be  made 
worthy  of  the  promises  of  Christ. 

Let  us  pray. 

GRANT,  we  beseech  Thee,  O 
Lord  God,  unto  all  Thy 
servants,  that  they  may  continually 
enjoy  soundness  both  of  mind  and 
of  body,  and  by  the  glorious  inter 
cession  of  the  Blessed  Mary,  always 
a  Virgin,  may  be  delivered  from 
present  sadness,  and  enter  into  the 
joy  of  Thine  eternal  gladness. 

From  the  Octave  of  the  Epiphany  to 
Candlemas,  the  Antiphon  is  the  same, 
but  the  rest  is  as  follows  : 

Verse.  After  thy  delivery  thou 
still  remainest  a  Virgin  undenled. 

Answer.  Mother  of  God,  pray 
for  us. 

Let  us  pray. 

OGOD,  Who,  by  the  fruitful 
virginity  of  the  Blessed 
Mary,  hast  given  unto  mankind  the 
rewards  of  everlasting  life ;  grant, 
we  beseech  Thee,  that  we  may  con 
tinually  feel  the  might  of  her  inter 
cession,  through  whom  we  have 
worthily  received  the  Author  of  our 
life,  our  Lord  JESUS  Christ  Thy  Son. 

II.    Commemoration  of  St.  Joseph^ 
Patron  of  the  Universal  Church. 

(Omitted  in  his  Votive  Office^ 

Antiphon.  l  JESUS  Himself  began 
to  be  about  thirty  years  of  age,  being 
(as  was  supposed)  the  son  of  Joseph. 


Verse.  2  The  mouth  of  the  right 
eous  speaketh  wisdom. 

Answer.  And  his  tongue  talketh 
judgment. 

Let  us  pray. 

OGOD,  Who,  in  Thine  un 
speakable  foreknowledge, 
didst  choose  Thy  blessed  servant 
Joseph  to  be  the  husband  of  Thine 
Own  most  holy  Mother;  mercifully 
grant  that  now  that  he  is  in  heaven 
with  Thee,  we  who  on  earth  do 
reverence  him  for  our  defender, 
may  worthily  be  holpen  by  the 
succour  of  his  prayers  to  Thee  on 
our  behalf. 


III.    Commemoration  of  the  Holy 
Apostles,  Peter  and  Paul. 

(Omitted  in  the  Votive  Office  of  the 
Apostles.} 

Antiphon.  3  These  are  glorious 
princes  over  all  the  earth,  they 
loved  one  another  in  their  lives, 
and  in  their  death  they  were  not 
divided. 

Verse.  4  Their  sound  is  gone  out 
through  all  the  earth. 

Answer.  And  their  words  to  the 
ends  of  the  world. 

Let  us  pray. 

OGOD,  Whose  Right  Hand 
caught  the  Blessed  Peter 
when  he  walked  upon  the  water, 
and  began  to  sink,5  and  thrice  de 
livered  his  fellow-Apostle  Paul  from 
the  deep  of  the  sea,  when  he  suf 
fered  shipwreck  ;  6  graciously  hear 
us,  and  grant,  for  the  sake  of  them 


i  Luke  iii.  23. 
4  Ps.  xviii.  5- 


2  Ps.  xxxvi.  30; 
5  Matth.  xiv.  31. 


3  2  Kings  (Sam.)  i.  23. 
6  2  Cor.  xi.  25. 


30  THE   PSALTER. 

both,  that  we  also  may  attain  unto  For  Peace. 

everlasting  glory.  Antiphon.     Give    peace    in     our 

Note l.  time,    O    Lord,    because    there    is 

1  In  England  in  this  case,  by  a  special  rule,  is  made 

Commemoration  of  St.  George,  Patron  of  England. 

Antiphon.  *  The  Saints  through  faith  subdued  kingdoms,  wrought 
righteousness,  obtained  promises. 

Verse,     t  O  LORD,  Thou  hast  compassed  him. 
Answer.     With  Thy  favour  as  with  a  shield. 

Let  us  pray. 

OGOD,  Who  dost  gladden  us  through  the  worthy  deeds  and  prayers  of 
Thy  blessed  Martyr  George  ;  mercifully  grant  that  all  they  that  seek 
Thy  favour  through  him,  may  effectually  obtain  the  gift  of  Thy  grace. 
And  thus  it  is  said  within  the  Octave. 

In  the  Diocese  of  Hexham  St.  George  is  not  commemorated,  but  instead,  the  following 
commemoration  is  made  of  St.  Cuthbert : 

Antiphon.  Holy  Cuthbert,  our  Protector,  grace  and  glory  of  our  father 
land,  look  down  upon  us  from  Heaven,  and  pray  God  for  us,  that  He  grant 
us  everlasting  joy. 

Verse.     At  the  prayers  of  Blessed  Cuthbert  and  for  his  sake, 

Answer.     Be  merciful  unto  Thy  people,  O  Lord. 

Let  us  pray. 

OGOD,  Who,  through  the  priceless  gift  of  Thy  grace,  dost  make  Thine 
holy  ones  glorious,  mercifully  grant,  that  the  prayers  of  Thy  Blessed 
Confessor  and  Bishop  Cuthbert  may  help  us  worthily  there  to  attain,  where 
are  the  spirits  of  just  men  made  perfect. 

In  the  Diocese  of  Northampton  the  following  commemoration  of  St.  Thomas  of  Canter 
bury  is  made  before  that  of  St.  George  : 

Antiphon.     +1  am  the  Good  Shepherd,  and  know  My  sheep,  and  am 
known  of  Mine,  and  I  lay  down   My  life  for  the  sheep. 
Verse.     §  In  your  patience 
Answer.     Possess  ye  your  souls. 

Let  us  pray. 

GOD,  in  defence  of  Whose  Church  the  glorious  Bishop  Thomas  fell 
by  the  swords  of  wicked  men,  grant,  we  beseech  Thee,  that  all  that 
ask  his  help  may  obtain  wholesome  fruit  of  their  petition. 

In  the  Diocese  of  Plymouth  the  following  commemoration  of  St.  Boniface  of  Maintz  is 
made  before  that  of  St.  George  : 

Antiphon.     Many  nations,  many  thousands  of  men,  did  Blessed  Boniface 
*  Heb.  xi.  33.  f  Ps.  v.  13.  J  John  x.  14,  15.  §  Luke  xxi.  19. 


SUNDAY   AT   LAUDS.  31 

none  other  that  fighteth  for  us,  but  our  hearts  may  be  set  to  obey  Thy 

only  Thou,  O  our  God.  commandments,   and    also    that    by 

Verse.     x  Peace     be    within     thy  Thee  we  being  defended  from  the 

walls.  fear  of  our  enemies,   may  pass  our 

Answer,     And    prosperity   within  time  in  rest  and  quietness.     Through 

thy  palaces.  our   Lord   JESUS   Christ,    Thy   Son, 

Who  liveth  and  reigneth  with  Thee, 

Let  us  pray.  in  the  unity  of  the  Holy  Ghost,  one 

God,  world  without  end. 

GOD,    from    Whom    all    holy  Answer.     Amen. 

desires,    all    good    counsels, 

and  all  just  works  do  proceed  :  give  £r°™  !lie  Monday  after  Low  Sunday 

unto  Thy  servants  that  peace  which  f  ^ 

the    world    cannot    give,    that    both  the  following: 

gain  for  Christ,  and  forasmuch  as  he  made  himself  like  unto  an  Apostle,  he 
hath  purchased  unto  himself  a  great  reward  in  Heaven  along  with  the 
Apostles. 

Verse.     Be  strong  in  the  Lord,  be  strong. 

Answer.     That  ye  may  live  for  ever  with  God. 

Let  us  pray. 

GOD,  Who  wast  pleased  to  make  the  zeal  of  Thy  Blessed  Martyr  and 
Bishop  Boniface  the  mean  whereby  Thou  didst  cause  many  peoples 
to  know  Thy  Name,  mercifully  grant  unto  us  who  honour  his  memory  to  be 
feelingly  holpen  by  the  succour  of  his  protection. 

(And  so  it  is  said  within  the  Octave.} 

In  the  Diocese  of  Portsmouth  the  following  commemoration  of  St.   Edmund  of  Can 
terbury  is  made  after  that  of  St.  George  : 

Antiphon.     He  loved  righteousness  and  hated  iniquity,  and  therefore  he 
died  in  exile. 

Verse.     Cast  out  upon  a  world  of  woes, 

In  exile  here  we  roam. 

Answer.     O  Blessed  Edmund,  by  thy  prayers, 
Gain  us  the  love  of  home. 

Let  us  pray. 

GOD,  Who  in  the  abundance  of  Thy  goodness  toward  Thy  Church 
hast  made  her  bright  by  the  illustrious  life  of  Thy  blessed  Confessor 
and  Bishop  Edmund,  and  gladdened  her  by  his  glorious  and  wondrous 
works,  mercifully  grant  unto  Thy  servants  that  they  may  be  bettered  in 
following  after  his  ensample,  and  shielded  by  his  protection  from  all  things 
that  may  rise  up  against  them. 

1  Ps.  cxxi.  7. 


THE   PSALTER. 


Paschal  Commemoration  of  the 
Cross. 

(Omitted  in  the  Votive  Offices  of  the 
Blessed  Sacrament  cmd  of  the  Passion?) 

Antiphon.  He  That  was  cruci 
fied  is  risen  from  the  dead,  and 
hath  redeemed  us.  Alleluia,  Al 
leluia. 

Verse.  l  Say  among  the  heathen 
— Alleluia. 

Answer.  That  the  LORD  reign- 
eth  from  the  tree — Alleluia. 

Let  us  pray. 

GOD,  Who  didst  send  Thy 
Son  to  suffer  death  for  us 
upon  the  Cross,  that  Thou  might- 
est  deliver  us  from  the  power  of 
the  enemy ;  grant  unto  us  Thy 
servants  to  be  made  partakers  of 
His  Resurrection.  Through  the 
Same  our  Lord  JESUS  Christ  Thy 
Son,  Who  liveth  and  reigneth  with 
Thee  in  the  unity  of  the  Holy 
Ghost,  one  God,  world  without  end. 
Answer.  Amen. 

After  the  last  Prayer  is  said: 

Verse.      Hear  my  prayer,  O  LORD. 
Answer.     And  let  my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 


Bless  we  the  Lord. 


Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

If  the  Office  of  the  Dead  or  the  Litany 
(with  or  without  the  Penitential  Psalms) 
is  to  follow  immediately,  it  is  begun 
here.  Otherwise 

There  is  said  in  rather  a  low  voice : 
May    the    souls    of    the    Faithful 


through  the   mercy  of  God  rest  in 
peace. 

Answer.     Amen. 

If  Prime  is  to  follow  immediately,  it 
is  begun  here,  and  what  follows  is  not 
said  till  the  end  of  the  whole  service. 
Otherwise  the  Office  ends  thus  : 

The  Lord's  Prayer  is  said  inaudibly  : 

OUR  Father,  Who  art  in  heaven, 
Hallowed  be  Thy  Name.  Thy 
kingdom  come.  Thy  will  be  done 
on  earth,  as  it  is  in  heaven.  Give 
us  this  day  our  daily  bread.  And 
forgive  us  our  trespasses,  as  we 
forgive  them  that  trespass  against 
us.  And  lead  us  not  into  temp 
tation  ;  but  deliver  us  from  evil. 
Amen. 

Then  aloud: 

Verse.  The  Lord  give  us  His 
peace. 

Answer.  And  life  everlasting. 
Amen. 

Then  follows  one  of  these  Four  Anti- 
phons  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary,  ac 
cording  to  the  season  of  the  year. 

I.    From   the  First  Sunday  in  Ad 
vent  to  Candlemas,  both  inclusive. 

Antiphon.  "2  Maiden,  Mother  of 
Him  that  redeemed  us,  thou  that 
abidest 

Heaven's  open  gate,  and  the  Star 
of  the  Sea,  come,  succour  the  fallen  ! 

Fallen  indeed  we  are,  but  fain 
would  rise  by  thy  succour. 

Thou  that  beyond  nature's  course, 
hast  borne  in  time  the  Eternal ; 

Thou  that  a  Virgin  before  and 
after  that  childbirth  remainest, 


1  Ps.  xcv.  10,  old  version. 

2  i.e.,  it  is  said  for  the  first  time  after  Vespers,  if  the  Antiphon  of  the  B.V.  be  to  be  said, 
and  in  any  case  after  Compline,  on  the  Saturday  evening  before  Advent  Sunday,  and  it  is 
still  similarly  said  after  Vespers  on  February  2,  but  not  after  Compline  on  that  day.     It  is 
ascribed  to  Hermann  the  Cripple,  a  monk  of  Reichenau,  who  died  A.D.  1052.     This  trans 
lation  is  in  the  same  rhymeless  measure  as  the  original, 


SUNDAY  AT   LAUDS. 


33 


From  the  Archangel's  lips  the 
quickening  message  receiving, 

Mother  of  JESUS  and  us,  turn 
thine  eyes  of  mercy  on  sinners. 

Verse.  The  Angel  of  the  Lord 
announced  unto  Mary. 

Answer.  And  she  conceived  by 
the  Holy  Ghost. 

Let  us  pray. 

beseech  Thee,  O  Lord, 
pour  Thy  grace  into  our 
hearts ;  that,  as  we  have  known 
the  Incarnation  of  Thy  Son  Christ 
by  the  message  of  an  Angel,  so  by 
His  Passion  and  Cross  we  may  be 
brought  unto  the  glory  of  the 
Resurrection.  Through  the  same 
Christ  our  Lord. 
Answer.  Amen. 

In  and  after  the  First  Vespers  of 
Christmas  Day  the  Verse  and  Answer 
and  Prayer  are  as  follows  : 

Verse.  After  thy  delivery  thou 
still  remainest  a  Virgin  undefiled. 

Ansiver.  Mother  of  God,  pray 
for  us. 

Let  us  pray. 

GOD,  Who,  by  the  fruitful 
virginity  of  the  Blessed  Mary, 
hast  given  unto  mankind  the  re 
wards  of  everlasting  life;  grant,  we 
beseech  Thee,  that  we  may  con 
tinually  feel  the  might  of  her  inter 
cession,  through  whom  we  have 
worthily  received  the  Author  of 
our  life,  even  our  Lord  JESUS 
Christ  Thy  Son. 
Ansiver.  Amen. 


II.   From  Candlemas  to  Maundy 
Thursday ',  both  exclusive)- 

Antiphon.     Hail,  O  Mary,  Queen 
of  Heaven, 

Queen  of  Angel  worlds  on  high, 
Hail,  O  Rod  to  Jesse  given, 
Blessed  Portal  of  the  sky, 

Hail,  O  Lady,  bright  and  glorious, 
Clad  in  beauty  pure  and  true, 
Virgin  !  o'er  sin's  stain  victorious, 
Sinners  for  thy  succour  sue. 

Verse.      Holy   Virgin,    my    praise 
by  thee  accepted  be. 

Ansiver.  Give  me  strength  against 
thine  enemies. 

Let  us  pray. 

/^RANT,  we  beseech  Thee,  O 
^-*"  most  merciful  God,  a  succour 
unto  the  frailty  of  our  nature,  that 
as  we  keep  ever  alive  the  memory 
of  the  holy  Mother  of  God,  so  by 
the  help  of  her  intercession  we  may 
be  raised  up  from  the  bondage  of 
our  sins.  Through  the  same  Christ 
our  Lord. 

Answer.     Amen. 

III.  From  Easter  Sunday^  till  the 
Saturday  after  Pentecost,  both  in 
clusive. 

Antiphon.  Rejoice!  rejoice!  thou 
Queen  of  Heaven,  Alleluia, 

For  He  That  thee  for  Son  was 
given,  Alleluia, 

As  He  promised  is  arisen.  Alle 
luia. 


(  *.<?.,  .it  is  said  for  the  first  time  after  Compline  on  Feb.  2  (even  if  the  Feast  of  the 
ranhcation  be  transferred),  and  for  the  last  time  after  Compline  on  Wednesday  in  Holy 
Week.  The  authorship  is  unknown  ;  it  seems  to  date  from  about  the  eleventh  century. 

i.e.,  it  is  said  for  the  first  time  after  Compline  on  Easter  Eve.      The  date  and  author 
ship  are  unknown  ;  but  a  legend  has  become  attached  to  it  to  the  effect  that  St.  Gregory 
the  Great  heard  the  three  first  lines  uttered  by  an  angel,  and  himself  added  the  fourth,  on 
the  same  occasion  from  which  was  instituted  the  procession  upon  St.  Mark's  Day 
VOL.  III.  B 


34 


THE   PSALTER. 


Mother,  pray  to  Him  for  us.  Alle 
luia. 

Verse.  Be  glad  and  rejoice,  O 
Virgin  Mary,  Alleluia, 

Answer.  For  the  Lord  is  risen 
indeed,  Alleluia. 

Let  us  pray. 

OGOD,    Who    art    pleased    to 
gladden  the  whole  world  by 
the    resurrection    of    Thy    Son    our 
Lord  JESUS   Christ ;    grant,   we   be 
seech    Thee,    that    by    the    help    of 
His    Mother  the   Virgin    Mary,    we 
may    finally    attain    unto    the    glad 
ness    of   life   everlasting.      Through 
the  same  Christ  our  Lord. 
Answer.     Amen. 

IV.  From  Trinity  Sunday  l  till  the 
Saturday  before  Advent  Sunday, 
both  inclusive. 

Antiphon.  Hail,  O  Queen,  Mother 
of  mercy  !  hail,  our  life,  our  sweet 
ness,  and  our  hope !  To  thee  we 
cry,  the  banished  sons  of  Eve.  To 
ward  thee  we  sigh,  weeping  and 
groaning  in  this  vale  of  tears.  Ah, 
then,  thou  our  Advocate,  turn  on  us 
those  merciful  eyes  of  thine  !  And, 
after  this  our  exile,  show  to  us 
JESUS,  the  blessed  Fruit  of  thy 


womb.     O  merciful,  O  gracious,   O 
sweet  Virgin  Mary ! 

Verse.  Pray  for  us,  O  holy  Mother 
of  God, 

Answer.  That  we  may  be  made 
worthy  of  the  promises  of  Christ. 

Let  us  pray. 

O  ALMIGHTY  and  everlasting 
God,  Who,  by  the  co-opera 
tion  of  the  Holy  Ghost,  didst  make 
ready  both  the  body  and  soul  of  the 
glorious  Virgin  and  Mother  Mary 
worthily  to  become  a  meet  dwelling 
for  Thy  Son ;  grant  that  as  we  re 
joice  in  her  memory,  so  by  her  piti 
ful  intercession  we  may  be  delivered 
from  the  evils  that  continually  hang 
over  us,  and  finally  from  everlasting 
death.  Through  the  same  Christ 
our  Lord. 

Answer.     Amen. 

After  each  of  these  Antiphons  is  said 
this  Blessing  : 

God's  most  mighty  strength  alway 
Be  His  people's  staff  and  stay. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Feasts.  The  above  Office,  appointed 
for  Sunday,  is  also  said  on  all  Feasts 
whatsoever,  even  Simples,  and  every 
day  in  Paschal  time. 


1  i.e.,  it  is  said  for  the  first  time  after  Vespers,  if  the  Antiphon  of  the  B.V.  be  to  be 
said,  and  in  any  case  after  Compline,  on  the  Saturday  evening  before  Trinity  Sunday.  The 
last  clause  is  usually  admitted  to  be  an  exclamation  uttered  by  St.  Bernard  of  Clairvaux  in 
the  Cathedral  of  Spires  ;  but  the  authorship  of  the  rest  is  disputed,  some  ascribing  it  to 
Hermann  the  Cripple,  others  to  one  Peter  of  Monsoro,  Bishop  of  Compostella,  others  to 
one  Adhemar,  Bishop  of  Podium  (Puy-en-Velay).  It  seems  to  have  been  well  known,  at 
least  in  Spain,  early  in  the  twelfth  century. 


35 


PRIME,    OR   THE    FIRST    HOUR.1 


THE  LORD'S  DAY. 

Before  Prime  is  said  inaudibly  the 
Lord's  Prayer,  the  Angelic  Salutation, 
and  the  Apostles  Creed. 

OUR  Father,  Who  art  in  heaven, 
Hallowed  be  Thy  Name. 
Thy  kingdom  come.  Thy  will  be 
done  on  earth,  as  it  is  in  heaven. 
Give  us  this  day  our  daily  bread. 
And  forgive  us  our  trespasses,  as 
we  forgive  them  that  trespass  against 
us.  And  lead  us  not  into  tempta 
tion  •  but  deliver  us  from  evil. 
Amen. 

IT  AIL,  Mary,  full  of  grace;  The 
-*-  *  Lord  is  with  thee :  blessed 
art  thou  among  women,  and  blessed 
is  the  fruit  of  thy  womb,  JESUS. 

Holy  Mary,  Mother  of  God,  pray 
for  us  sinners,  now  and  at  the  hour 
of  our  death.  Amen. 

T  BELIEVE  in  God  the  Father 
-*-  Almighty,  Maker  of  heaven  and 
earth.  And  in  JESUS  Christ,  His 
Only  Son,  our  Lord ;  Who  was  con 
ceived  by  the  Holy  Ghost,  Born  of 


the  Virgin  Mary,  suffered  under 
Pontius  Pilate,  was  crucified,  dead, 
and  buried  :  He  descended  into 
hell :  the  third  day  He  rose  again 
from  the  dead  :  He  ascended  into 
heaven,  and  sitteth  on  the  right 
hand  of  God  the  Father  Almighty  : 
from  thence  He  shall  come  to  judge 
the  quick  and  the  dead.  I  believe 
in  the  Holy  Ghost,  the  holy  Catholic 
Church,  the  Communion  of  Saints, 
the  Forgiveness  of  sins,  the  Resur 
rection  of  the  body,  and  the  Life 
everlasting.  Amen. 

Then  is  said  aloud: 

Verse.  *|«  Make  haste,  O  God, 
to  deliver  me. 

Answer.  Make  haste  to  help  me, 
O  LORD. 

Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and  to  the 
Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

As  it  was  in  the  beginning,  is  now, 
and  ever  shall  be,  world  without  end. 
Amen.  Alleluia. 

From  Septuagesima  Sunday  to 
Maundy  Thursday  instead  of  "Alle 
luia"  is  said: 

Ceaseless  praise  to  Thee  be  given, 
O  Eternal  King  of  heaven. 


1  Prime  is  the  first  service  of  the  Church  for  the  day-time,  Mattins  and  Lauds  being  for 
the  middle  and  close  of  night.  Its  proper  hour  is  when  the  sun  has  fairly  risen,  and  day 
begun,  which  is  reckoned  to  be  about  6  A.M.,  about  which  time  it  is  generally  said  in 
choirs.  Sometimes  Mattins,  Lauds,  and  Prime  are  said  together  early  in  the  morning, 
forming  the  complete  morning  service  of  the  Church.  It  is  from  this  aggregation  that  the 
"  Morning  Prayer"  of  the  Anglican  Prayer  Book  is  derived. 


THE   PSALTER. 


Then  is  said  the  following : 

HYMN.1 

'IP  HE  star  of  morn  to  night  succeeds, 
-•-       We  therefore  meekly  pray, 
May  God,  in  all  our  words  and  deeds, 
Keep  us  from  harm  this  day. 

May  He  in  love  restrain  us  still 
From  tones  of  strife  and  words  of  ill, 
And  wrap  around  and  close  our  eyes 
To  earth's  absorbing  vanities. 

May  wrath  and  thoughts  that  gender 
shame 

Ne'er  in  our  breasts  abide, 
And  painful  abstinences  tame 

Of  wanton  flesh  the  pride  ; 

So  when  the  weary  day  is  o'er, 

And   night   and   stillness    come    once 

more, 

Blameless  and  clean  from  spot  of  earth 
We  may  repeat  with  reverent  mirth — 

To  God  the  Father  glory  be, 

And  to  His  Only  Son, 
And  to  the  Spirit,  One  and  Three, 

While  endless  ages  run. 

Amen. 

The  last  verse  is  sometimes  said  thus, 
altered  in  honour  of  the  Incarnation  : 

JESU,  the  Virgin-born,  to  Thee 

Eternal  praise  be  given, 
WTith  Father,  Spirit,  One  and  Three, 

Here  as  it  is  in  heaven. 

Amen. 

In  Paschal  time  it  is  said  thus,  altered 
in  honour  of  the  Resurrection  : 

To  Father,  Son,  and  Paraclete, 

The  slain  and  risen  Son, 
Be  praise  and  glory,  as  is  meet, 

While  endless  ages  run. 

Amen. 

//  is  also  occasionally  otherwise  al 
tered,  which  occasions  are  marked  in 
their  places. 

Then  follow  the  Psalms.  They  are 
all  said  under  one  Antiphon,  and 


when  Five  Antiphons  have  been  said 
at  Lauds,  the  First  of  these  Five 
is  the  Antiphon  at  Prime,  otherwise 
that  given  here  is  used. 

Antiphon.     Alleluia. 


Psalm  LI  1 1.. 

[The  superscription  of  this  Psalm,  after 
some  words  which  are  probably  a  musical 
direction,  proceeds  "[A  Psalm]  of  David, 
when  the  Ziphim  came  and  said  to  Saul, 
Doth  not  David  hide  himself  with  us?" 
This  was  during  the  same  period  of  his  life 
in  the  South  in  which  he  composed  Ps. 
Ixii.  The  Ziphim,  or  peasantry  of  the 
neighbourhood  of  Ziph,  betrayed  him  twice 
to  Saul,  and  both  times,  especially  the  first, 
he  was  in  imminent  peril.  I  Kings  (Sam.) 
xxiii.  19-29,  xxvi.] 

SAVE  me,  O  God,  in  Thy  Name, 
*  and  judge  me  in  Thy 
power. 

Hear  my  prayer,  O  God :  *  give 
ear  to  the  words  of  my  mouth. 

For  strangers  are  risen  up  against 
me,  and  oppressors  seek  after  my 
soul :  *  and  have  not  set  God  be 
fore  them.2 

Behold  God  is  mine  Helper  :  * 
and  the  Lord  upholdeth  my  soul. 

Reward  Thou  evil  unto  mine 
enemies :  *  and  cut  them  off  in 
Thy  truth. 

I  will  freely  sacrifice  unto  Thee : 
*  and  praise  Thy  Name,  O  LORD, 
for  it  is  good. 

For  Thou  hast  delivered  me  out 
of  all  trouble :  *  and  mine  eye 
hath  seen  [my  desire]  upon  mine 
enemies. 

The  following  Psalm,  "  O  give  thanks 
unto  the  LORD,"  is  said  only  on  Sun 
days,  when  the  Office  is  of  the  Sunday, 
nor  is  it  said  from  Easter  to  Pentecost, 
both  inclusive.  Moreover  it  is  not  said 
on  or  after  Septuagesima  Stmday  till 


1  Another  Ambrosian  hymn.     Translation  by  the  late  Card.  Newman. 


2  SLH. 


PRIME,   OR   THE   FIRST   HOUR. 


37 


Easter,  but  then  is  substituted  for  it 
Psalm  xcii.,  "  The  LORD  reigneth " 
(given  at  the  beginning  of  Lauds}. 

Psalm  CXVII. 

[From  some  verses  it  seems  as  though  this 
Psalm  was  written  for  the  Feast  of  Taber 
nacles,  and  perhaps  as  a  processional  at  the 
entry  of  the  King  (David  ?)  into  the  place 
of  worship.  The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX. 
prefix  the  word  Alleluia.] 

OGIVE  thanks  unto  the  LORD, 
for  He  is  good  :    *  for   His 
mercy  endureth  for  ever. 

Let  Israel  now  say  that  He  is 
good :  *  for  His  mercy  endureth 
for  ever. 

Let  the  house  of  Aaron  now  say, 

*  that  His  mercy  endureth  for  ever. 
Let  them  now  that  fear  the  LORD 

say,  *  that  His  mercy  endureth  for 
ever. 

I  called  upon  the  LORD  in  dis 
tress  :  *  and  the  LORD  heard  me 
[and  set  me]  at  large. 

The  LORD  is  on  my  side :  *  I 
will  not  fear  what  man  can  do 
unto  me. 

The  LORD  is  on  my  side  :  *  and 
I  shall  see  [my  desire  upon]  them 
that  hate  me. 

It  is  better  to  put  confidence  in 
the  LORD,  *  than  to  put  confidence 
in  man. 

It  is  better  to  trust  in  the  LORD, 

*  than  to  trust  in  princes. 

All  nations  compassed  me  about : 

*  but  in  the  Name  of  the  LORD  ! * 
I  was  avenged  on  them. 

They  compassed  me  about,  yea, 
they  compassed  me  about :  *  but 
in  the  Name  of  the  LORD  !  I  was 
avenged  on  them. 


They  compassed  me  about  like 
bees ;  they  burnt  out  as  the  fire 
of  thorns :  *  but  in  the  Name 
of  the  LORD  !  I  was  avenged  on 
them. 

They  thrust  sore  at  me,  that  I 
might  fall :  *  but  the  LORD  helped 
me. 

The  LORD  is  my  strength  and 
my  song,  *  and  is  become  my 
salvation. 

The  voice  of  rejoicing  and  salva 
tion  *  is  in  the  tabernacles  2  of  the 
righteous. 

The  right  hand  of  the  LORD  hath 
done  valiantly.  The  right  hand  of 
the  LORD  hath  exalted  me  :  *  the 
right  hand  of  the  LORD  hath  done 
valiantly. 

I  shall  not  die,  but  live,  *  and 
declare  the  works  of  the  LORD. 

The  LORD  hath  chastened  me 
sore  :  *  but  He  hath  not  given  me 
over  unto  death. 

Open  to  me  the  gates  of  right 
eousness  ;  I  will  go  into  them  and 
praise  the  LORD.  *  This  is  the  gate 
of  the  LORD,  into  which  the  righteous 
shall  enter. 

I  will  praise  Thee,  for  Thou  hast 
heard  me,  *  and  art  become  my 
salvation. 

3  The  stone  which  the  builders 
refused  *  is  become  the  head-stone 
of  the  corner. 

This  is  the  LORD'S  doing  :  *  and 
it  is  marvellous  in  our  eyes. 

This  is  the  day  which  the  LORD 
hath  made  :  *  let  us  rejoice  and  be 
glad  in  it. 

Save  me  now,  O  LORD  !  O  LORD, 
send  Thou  prosperity.  *  Blessed 


1  Probably  a  war-cry. 

2  The  allusion  is  to  the  ceremonial  of  the  Feast  of  Tabernacles,  Lev.  xxiii.  42,  "Ye  shall 
dwell  in  booths  seven  days." 

3  These  two  verses  were  quoted  by  our  Lord.     Matth.  xxi.  42;   Mark  xii.  10. 


THE   PSALTER. 


be  he  that  cometh  in  the  Name  of 
the  LORD  !  l 

We  have  blessed  you  out  of  the 
house  of  the  LORD.  *  God  is  the 
LORD  and  hath  showed  us  light : 

Keep  the  solemn  feast-day  with 
leafy  boughs,  *  even  unto  the  horns 
of  the  Altar.2 

Thou  art  my  God,  and  I  will 
praise  Thee  :  *  Thou  art  my  God, 
and  I  will  exalt  Thee. 

I  will  give  thanks  unto  Thee,  for 
Thou  hast  heard  me,  *  and  art  be 
come  my  salvation. 

O  give  thanks  unto  the  LORD, 
for  He  is  good  :  *  for  His  mercy 
endureth  for  ever. 


Psalm  CXVIII.3 


BLESSED  are  the  undefiled  in 
the  way,  *  who  walk  in  the 
law  of  the  LORD. 

Blessed  are  they  that  keep  His 
testimonies  :  *  that  seek  Him  with 
the  whole  heart. 

For  they  that  work  iniquity,  * 
walk  not  in  His  ways. 

Thou  hast  commanded  us  *  to 
keep  Thy  precepts  diligently. 

O  that  my  ways  were  directed  * 
to  keep  Thy  statutes. 

Then  shall  I  not  be  ashamed,  * 


when  I  have  respect  unto  all  Thy 
commandments. 

I  will  praise  Thee  with  upright 
ness  of  heart,  *  when  I  shall  have 
learned  Thy  righteous  judgments. 

I  will  keep  Thy  statutes  :  *  O 
forsake  me  not  utterly. 

Here  the  Doxology,  "  Glory  be  to  the 
Father,  &c.,"  is  not  said. 


^WHEREWITHAL  shall  a  young 
*  *  man  keep  his  way  ?  *  By 
taking  heed  unto  Thy  word. 

With  my  whole  heart  have  I  sought 
Thee  :  *  O  let  me  not  wander  from 
Thy  commandments  ! 

Thy  word  have  I  hid  in  mine 
heart,  *  that  I  might  not  sin  against 
Thee. 

Blessed  art  Thou,  O  LORD  :  *  teach 
me  Thy  statutes  ! 

With  my  lips  *  have  I  declared 
all  the  judgments  of  Thy  mouth. 

I  have  rejoiced  in  the  way  of  Thy 
testimonies,  *  as  much  as  in  all 
riches. 

I  will  meditate  on  Thy  pre 
cepts,  *  and  have  respect  unto 
Thy  ways. 

I  will  delight  myself  in  Thy 
statutes  :  *  I  will  not  forget  Thy 
word. 


1  Notice  that  this  is  the  very  verse  which  was  sung  during  the  Palm  Sunday  procession. 
The  word  Hosanna  is  a  corruption  of  its  third  and  fourth  words — viz.,  "  Ho-shy'ah  na." 

2  Lev.  xxiii.  40.      "  And  ye  shall  take  you  on  the  first  day  the  boughs  of  goodly  trees, 
branches  of  palm-trees,  and  the  boughs  of  thick  trees,  and  willows  of  the  brook  ;  and  ye 
shall  rejoice  before  the  LORD  your  God  seven  days."     As  to  the  Feast  of  Tabernacles, 
the  Jewish  tradition  understands  by  "goodly  trees"  the  citron,  and  by  "thick  trees"  the 
myrtle.     Branches  of  willow  were  fastened  to  the  corners  of  the  altar. 

3  This  long  poem  in  praise  of  the  Divine  Law,  which  the  Church  recites  every  day  and 
all  day,  is  A  B  C  Darian.     Its  176  verses  are  divided  into  twenty-two  sections,  of  eight 
verses  each,  in  each  of  which  sections  all  the  verses  begin   with  the  same  letter  of  the 
Hebrew  alphabet.     The   first   eight,   therefore,  begin  with  Aleph,   which   somewhat  cor 
responds  to  A. 

4  Plere  begins  the  letter  Beth,  somewhat  represented  by  B. 


PRIME,   OR   THE   FIRST   HOUR. 


39 


Continuation  of  the  same  Psalm. 


T^VEAL  bountifully  with  Thy  ser- 
*-^  vant,  quicken  me,  *  and  I 
will  keep  Thy  word. 

Open  Thou  mine  eyes,  *  that  I 
may  behold  wondrous  things  out  of 
Thy  law. 

I  am  a  stranger  in  the  earth  :  * 
hide  not  Thy  commandments  from 
me. 

My  soul  is  an-hungered  for  the 
longing  that  it  hath  unto  Thy 
judgments  *  at  all  times. 

Thou  hast  rebuked  the  proud  :  * 
they  are  cursed  that  do  err  from 
Thy  commandments. 

Remove  from  me  reproach  and 
contempt  :  *  for  I  have  kept  Thy 
testimonies. 

Princes  also  did  sit  and  speak 
against  me  :  *  but  Thy  servant  did 
meditate  on  Thy  statutes. 

Thy  testimonies  also  are  my  de 
light,  *  and  Thy  precepts  my  coun 
sellors. 

Here  the  Doxology,  "  Glory  be  to  the 
Father,  &c.,"  is  not  said. 


1X/TY  soul  cleaveth  unto  the 
IV 1.  ground  :  *  quicken  Thou 
me  according  to  Thy  word. 

I  have  declared  my  ways  and 
Thou  heardest  me  :  *  teach  me  Thy 
statutes. 

Make  me  to  understand  the  way 


of  Thy  precepts  :  *  so  shall  I  talk 
of  Thy  wondrous  works. 

My  soul  sleepeth  for  heaviness  :  * 
strengthen  Thou  me  according  unto 
Thy  word. 

Remove  from  me  the  way  of  lying : 

*  and  grant  me  Thy  law  graciously. 

I  have  chosen  the  way  of  truth  : 

*  Thy  judgments   have    I   not   for 
gotten. 

I  cleave  unto  Thy  testimonies,  O 
LORD  :  *  put  me  not  to  shame  ! 

I  have  run  the  way  of  Thy  com 
mandments,  *  since  Thou  hast  en 
larged  mine  heart. 

The  following  Creed  is  only  said  on 
Sundays  whe7i  the  Office  is  of  the  Sun 
day,  and  on  Trinity  Sunday.  The  ex 
ceptions  are  Easter  and  Pentecost  Sun 
days,  "when  it  is  not  said,  because  they 
are  treated  as  Festivals. 

THE  CREED  OF  ST  ATHANASIUS.  3 

WHOSOEVER  willeth  to  be 
safe,  *  before  all  things  it 
is  necessary  that  he  hold  the 
Catholic  Faith. 

Which  faith  except  every  one  do 
keep  whole  and  undefiled,  *  without 
doubt  he  shall  perish  eternally. 

Now  the  Catholic  Faith  is  this,  * 
that  we  worship  One  God  in  Trinity, 
and  Trinity  in  Unity. 

Neither  confounding  the  Persons, 

*  nor  dividing  the  Substance. 

For  there  is  one  Person  of  the 
Father,  another  of  the  Son,  *  and 
another  of  the  Holy  Ghost. 

But  the  Godhead  of  the  Father, 


1  Here  begins  the  letter  Ghimel,  answering  partly  to  our  G. 

2  Here  begins  the  letter  Daleth,  answering  partly  to  our  D. 

3  The  translation  largely  follows  that  in  the  Rev.   A.   E.   Burn's   'Introduction  to _ the 
Creeds.'      The  origin  and  date  of  this  hymn  have  been  the  subject  of  much  discussion. 
"  It  is  agreed  that  it  was  not  written  by  St  Athanasius,  and  that  it  was  written  in  Latin." 
In  the  opinion  of  Mr  Burn  the  indications  point  to  the  South  of  Gaul  as  its  place  of  origin, 
and  to  the  decade  A.D.  420-430  as  the  period  of  its  composition. 


4o 


THE    PSALTER. 


of  the  Son,  and  of  the  Holy  Ghost 
is  One,  *  the  Glory  Equal,  the 
Majesty  Co-Eternal. 

Such  as  the  Father  is,  such  is  the 
Son,  *  and  such  is  the  Holy  Ghost. 

The  Father  Uncreated,  the  Son 
Uncreated,  *  and  the  Holy  Ghost 
Uncreated. 

The  Father  Infinite,  the  Son  In 
finite,  *  and  the  Holy  Ghost  In 
finite. 

The  Father  Eternal,  the  Son  Eter 
nal,  *  and  the  Holy  Ghost  Eternal. 

And  yet  They  are  not  Three 
Eternals,  *  but  One  Eternal. 

As  also  They  are  not  Three  Un 
created,  nor  Three  Infinites,  *  but 
One  Uncreated,  and  One  Infinite. 

So  likewise  the  Father  is  Almighty, 
the  Son  Almighty,  *  and  the  Holy 
Ghost  Almighty. 

And  yet  They  are  not  Three  Al 
mighties,  *  but  One  Almighty. 

So  the  Father  is  God,  the  Son 
God,  *  and  the  Holy  Ghost  God. 

And  yet  They  are  not  Three  Gods, 

*  but  One  God. 

So  the  Father  is  Lord,  the  Son 
Lord,  *  and  the  Holy  Ghost  Lord. 

And  yet  They  are  not  Three 
Lords,  *  but  One  Lord. 

For,  like  as  we  are  compelled  by 
Christian  truth  to  acknowledge  every 
Person  by  Himself  to  be  God  and 
Lord,  *  so  are  we  forbidden  by  the 
Catholic  Religion  to  say,  there  be 
Three  Gods  or  Three  Lords. 

The  Father  is  made  of  none,  * 
neither  created,  nor  begotten. 

The  Son  is  of  the  Father  alone  : 

*  not  made,   nor  created,   but   Be 
gotten. 

The  Holy  Ghost  is  of  the  Father, 
and  the  Son :  *  not  made,  nor 
created,  nor  begotten,  but  Pro 
ceeding. 


So  there  is  One  Father,  not  Three 
Fathers  ;  One  Son,  not  Three  Sons  ; 

*  One  Holy  Ghost,  not  Three  Holy 
Ghosts. 

And  in  this  Trinity  is  nothing 
afore  or  after,  nothing  is  greater  or 
less ;  *  but  the  whole  Three  Per 
sons  are  Co -Eternal  together,  and 
Co-Equal. 

So  that  in  all  things,  as  is  afore 
said,  *  the  Unity  in  Trinity,  and 
the  Trinity  in  Unity  is  to  be  wor 
shipped. 

He  therefore  that  willeth  to  be 
safe,  *  let  him  thus  think  of  the 
Trinity. 

But  it  is  necessary  to  eternal 
salvation,  *  that  he  also  believe 
faithfully  the  Incarnation  of  our 
Lord  JESUS  Christ. 

The  right  Faith  therefore  is,  that 
we  believe  and  confess,  *  that  our 
Lord  JESUS  Christ,  the  Son  of  God, 
is  God  and  Man. 

God,  of  the  Substance  of  the 
Father,  Begotten  before  the  worlds  : 

*  and  Man,  of  the  substance  of  His 
mother,  born  in  the  world. 

Perfect  God,  Perfect  Man,  *  of 
a  reasoning  Soul  and  human  Flesh 
subsisting. 

Equal  to  the  Father  as  touching 
His  Godhead,  *  inferior  to  the 
Father  as  touching  His  Manhood. 

Who,  although  He  be  God  and 
Man,  *  yet  He  is  not  Two,  but  One 
Christ. 

One,  however,  not  by  conversion 
of  the  Godhead  into  Flesh,  *  but  by 
taking  of  the  Manhood  into  God. 

One  altogether,  not  by  confusion 
of  Substance,  *  but  by  Unity  of 
Person. 

For  as  the  reasoning  soul  and 
flesh  is  one  man,  *  so  God  and 
Man  is  One  Christ. 


PRIME,   OR   THE   FIRST   HOUR. 


Who  suffered  for  our  salvation, 
descended  into  hell,  *  rose  again 
the  third  day  from  the  dead. 

He  ascended  into  heaven,  He  sit- 
teth  on  the  right  hand  of  the  Father, 
God  Almighty,  *  from  whence  He 
shall  come  to  judge  the  quick  and 
the  dead. 

At  Whose  coming  all  men  shall 
rise  again  with  their  bodies,  *  and 
shall  give  account  for  their  own 
works. 

And  they  that  have  done  good 
shall  go  into  life  eternal,  *  but 
they  that  have  done  evil  into 
eternal  fire. 

This  is  the  Catholic  Faith,  *  which 
except  a  man  believe  faithfully  and 
firmly,  he  cannot  be  safe. 

Here  is  said  the  Doxology,  "Glory 
be  to  the  Father,  &c." 

Antiphon.  Alleluia,  Alleluia,  Alle 
luia. 

In   Paschal   time   is  said  a  fourth 
^  Alleluia. 


is  said  the  Chapter. 
CHAPTER,    (i  Tim.  i.  17.) 

T  INTO    the    King    Eternal,    Im- 
^       mortal     and     Invisible,     the 
only  God,  be  honour  and  glory  for 
ever  and  ever.     Amen. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Then  follows  the  Short  Responsory. 

Christ,  Thou  Son  of  the  Living 
God,  have  mercy  on  us. 

Answer.  Christ,  Thou  Son  of  the 
Living  God,  have  mercy  on  us. 

Verse.  Thou  That  sittest  at  the 
right  hand  of  the  Father. 

Answer.     Have  mercy  on  us. 

Verse.     Glory  be  to   the  Father, 


and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  Christ,  Thou  Son  of  the 
Living  God,  have  mercy  on  us. 

Verse.  l  Arise,  O  Christ,  and  help 
us. 

Answer.  And  deliver  us  for  Thy 
Name's  sake. 

This  Responsory  is  occasionally  al 
tered,  which  alterations  are  given  in 
their  proper  places.  From  Low  Sun 
day  inclusive  till  Ascension  Day  ex 
clusive  it  is  said  thus: 

Christ,  Thou  Son  of  the  Living 
God,  have  mercy  on  us.  Alleluia, 
Alleluia. 

Answer.  Christ,  Thou  Son  of  the 
Living  God,  have  mercy  on  us.  Alle 
luia,  Alleluia. 

Verse.  Thou  That  art  arisen 
from  the  dead. 

Answer.     Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  Christ,  Thou  Son  of  the 
Living  God,  have  mercy  on  us.  Alle 
luia,  Alleluia. 

Verse.  Arise,  O  Christ,  and  help 
us.  Alleluia. 

Answer.  And  deliver  us  for  Thy 
Name's  sake.  Alleluia. 

From  Ascension  Day  inclusive  till 
Pentecost  exclusive  it  is  the  same,  ex 
cept  that  instead  of  "Thou  That  art 
arisen  from  the  dead"  is  said: 

Verse.  Thou  That  art  gone  up 
above  the  stars. 

During  the  Octave  of  Pentecost  it  is 
still  the  same  except  that  this  Verse  is 
said  thus  : 

Verse.  Thou  That  sittest  at  the 
right  hand  of  the  Father. 


1  Ps.  xliii.  26. 


VOL.  in. 


B   2 


42 


THE    PSALTER. 


After  the  Short  Responsory  follow 
these  prayers  called  the  Preces,  except 
on  Doubles  and  within  Octaves,  when 
they  are  omitted  down  to  the  mark  *. 

1  Kyrie  eleison. 

Answer.     Christe  eleison. 

Kyrie  eleison. 


OUR  Father  (inaudibly),  Who  art 
in  heaven,  Hallowed  be  Thy 
Name.  Thy  kingdom  come.  Thy 
will  be  done  on  earth,  as  it  is  in 
heaven.  Give  us  this  day  our  daily 
bread.  And  forgive  us  our  tres 
passes,  as  we  forgive  them  that  tres 
pass  against  us.  (Aloud.) 

Verse.  And  lead  us  not  into 
temptation. 

Answer.  But  deliver  us  from 
evil. 

I  BELIEVE  (inaudibly)  in  God 
the  Father  Almighty,  Maker  of 
heaven  and  earth.  And  in  JESUS 
Christ,  His  only  Son,  our  Lord : 
Who  was  conceived  by  the  Holy 
Ghost,  born  of  the  Virgin  Mary, 
suffered  under  Pontius  Pilate,  was 
crucified,  dead,  and  buried  :  He  de 
scended  into  hell :  the  third  day  He 
rose  again  from  the  dead  :  He  as 
cended  into  heaven,  and  sitteth  on 
the  right  hand  of  God  the  Father 
Almighty  :  from  thence  He  shall 
come  to  judge  the  quick  and  the 
dead.  I  believe  in  the  Holy  Ghost, 
the  Holy  Catholic  Church,  the  Com 
munion  of  Saints,  the  Forgiveness 
of  sins.  (Aloud.) 

Verse.  The  Resurrection  of  the 
body. 

Answer.  And  the  Life  everlast 
ing.  Amen. 


Verse.  2  And  unto  Thee  have  I 
cried,  O  LORD. 

Answer.  And  in  the  morning 
shall  my  prayer  come  betimes  be 
fore  Thee. 

Verse.  3  Let  my  mouth  be  filled 
with  Thy  praise. 

Answer.  That  I  may  sing  of  Thy 
glory,  all  the  day  long  of  Thy  great 
ness. 

Verse.  4O  Lord,  hide  Thy  face 
from  my  sins. 

Answer.  And  blot  out  all  mine 
iniquities. 

Verse.  Create  in  me  a  clean  heart, 
OGod. 

Answer.  And  renew  a  right  spirit 
within  me. 

Verse.  Cast  me  not  away  from 
Thy  presence. 

Answer.  And  take  not  Thine 
holy  Spirit  from  me. 

Verse.  Restore  unto  me  the  joy 
of  Thy  salvation. 

Answer.  And  uphold  me  with 
Thy  free  spirit. 

Verse.  5  *J<  Our  help  is  in  the 
name  of  the  LORD. 

Answer.  Who  made  heaven  and 
earth. 

The  General  Confession. 

T  CONFESS  to  God  Almighty, 
**  to  the  Blessed  Mary,  always 
a  Virgin,  to  the  Blessed  Michael 
the  Archangel,  to  the  Blessed  John 
the  Baptist,  to  the  Holy  Apostles 
Peter  and  Paul,  and  to  all  the 
Saints,  that  I  have  sinned  exceed 
ingly  in  thought,  word,  and  deed, 
by  my  fault,  by  my  fault,  by  my 
most  grievous  fault.  Therefore  I 
beseech  the  Blessed  Mary,  always 


1  Greek  Litany,  signifying  "  Lord,  have  mercy— Christ,  have  mercy— Lord,  have  mercy.'* 

2  Ps.  Ixxxvii.  14.  3  Ps.  Ixx.  8.  4  Ps.  1.  11-14.  5  ps-  cxxiii.  8. 


PRIME,   OR   THE   FIRST    HOUR. 


43 


a  Virgin,  the  Blessed  Michael  the 
Archangel,  the  Blessed  John  the 
Baptist,  the  Holy  Apostles  Peter 
and  Paul,  and  all  the  Saints,  to 
pray  to  the  Lord  our  God  for  me. 

The  Absolution. 

ALMIGHTY    God    have    mercy 
on    us,    forgive   us    our    sins, 
and  bring  us  to  life  everlasting. 
Answer.     Amen. 

AY  the  Almighty  and  mer- 
cifui  Lord  grant  us  pardon, 
absolution,  and  remission  of  all  our 
sins. 

Answer.     Amen. 

Then  the  Office  continues  as  follows  : 

Verse.  Vouchsafe,  O  Lord,  this 
day. 

Answer.  To  keep  us  without 
sin. 

Verse.  Have  mercy  upon  us,  O 
LORD. 

Answer.     Have  mercy  upon  us. 

Verse.  O  LORD,  let  Thy  mercy 
lighten  upon  us. 

Answer.     As  our  trust  is  in  Thee. 

Here  the  Office  is  resumed  when  the 
Preces  have  been  omitted. 

*  Verse.  Hear  my  prayer,  O 
LORD. 

Answer.  And  let  my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 

Let  us  pray. 

LORD  God  Almighty,  Who 
hast  safely  brought  us  to  the 
beginning  of  this  day,  defend  us 
in  the  same  with  Thy  mighty  power  : 
and  grant  that  this  day  we  fall  into 
no  sin,  but  that  all  our  thoughts, 


words,  and  works  may  be  ordered 
by  Thy  governance  to  do  always 
that  is  righteous  in  Thy  sight. 
Through  our  Lord  JESUS  Christ, 
Thy  Son,  Who  liveth  and  reigneth 
with  Thee,  in  the  unity  of  the  Holy 
Ghost,  one  God,  world  without  end. 

Answer.     Amen. 

Verse.     Hear  my  prayer,  O  LORD. 

Answer.  And  let  my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 

Verse.     Bless  we  the  Lord. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

If  the  Prime  of  the  Little  Office  of  the 
Blessed  Virgin  Mary  is  to  be  said,  it  is 
said  now.  Then  is  read  the  Martyr 
ology  of  the  morrow,  if  it  be  to  be  read, 
the  reader  concluding  with  the  words  : 

And  in  other  places  many  other 
holy  Martyrs  and  Confessors  and 
holy  Virgins. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

After  which  the  Office  proceeds  thus : 1 

Verse.  2  Precious  in  the  sight  of 
the  LORD. 

Answer. 
Saints. 


Is   the   death    of   His 


1\/T  AY  Holy  Mary  and  all  the 
•"•*  Saints  plead  for  us  with  the 
Lord,  that  we  may  worthily  be 
holpen  and  delivered  by  Him  Who 
liveth  and  reigneth  for  ever  and 
ever. 

Answer.     Amen. 

Verse.  Make  haste,  O  God,  to 
deliver  me. 

Answer.  Make  haste  to  help  me, 
O  LORD. 

Verse.  Make  haste,  O  God,  to 
deliver  me. 

Answer.  Make  haste  to  help  me, 
O  LORD. 


1  Whether  the  Martyrology  has  been  read  or  not.     The  Martyrology  is  never  binding 
out  of  Choir.  2  Ps.  cxv.  6. 


44 


THE   PSALTER. 


Verse.  Make  haste,  O  God,  to 
deliver  me. 

Answer.  Make  haste  to  help  me, 
O  LORD. 

Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and  to 
the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

As  it  was  in  the  beginning,  is 
now,  and  ever  shall  be,  world  with 
out  end.  Amen. 


Father  (inaudibly\  Who 
art  in  heaven,  Hallowed  be 
Thy  Name.  Thy  kingdom  come. 
Thy  will  be  done  on  earth,  as  it  is 
in  heaven.  Give  us  this  day  our 
daily  bread.  And  forgive  us  our 
trespasses,  as  we  forgive  them  that 
trespass  against  us.  (Aloud.) 

Verse.  And  lead  us  not  into 
temptation. 

Answer.  But  deliver  us  from 
evil. 

Verse.  x  Look  upon  Thy  ser 
vants,  O  Lord,  and  upon  the  works 
of  Thine  hands,  and  order  the  go 
ings  of  their  children. 

Answer.  And  let  the  beauty  of 
the  LORD  our  God  be  upon  us, 
and  establish  Thou  the  work  of 
our  hands  upon  us,  yea,  the  work 
of  our  hands,  establish  Thou  it. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  As  it  was  in  the  be 
ginning,  is  now,  and  ever  shall  be, 
world  without  end.  Amen. 

Let  us  pray. 

OLORD  God,  King  of  heaven 
and  earth,  may  it  please  Thee 
this  day  to  order  and  to  hallow,  to 


rule  and  to  govern  our  hearts  and 
our  bodies,  our  thoughts,  our  words, 
and  our  works,  according  to  Thy 
law  and  in  the  doing  of  Thy  com 
mandments,  that  we,  being  holpen 
of  Thee,  may  here,  and  for  ever 
and  ever,  worthily  be  saved  and  de 
livered  by  Thee,  O  Saviour  of  the 
world,  Who  livest  and  reignest  for 
ever  and  ever. 
Answer.  Amen. 

Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 
ing. 

The  Blessing. 

The    Lord    Almighty    order    our 
days  and  deeds  in  His  peace. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Then  is  read  the  Short  Lesson.  On  all 
Feasts,  even  Simples,  and  some  other 
days,  this  is  the  same  as  the  Chapter 
which  is  to  be  read  at  None,  which  will 
be  found  in  its  proper  place.  On  other 
days  one  of  the  following  is  read,  ac 
cording  to  the  Season  of  the  year. 

I.  From  the  Octave  of  the  Epiphany 
till  the  First  Sunday  in  Lent,  and 
from  the  Octave  of  Pentecost  till 
Advent  Stmday,  all  exclusive. 

2  Thess.  iii.  5. 

And  the  Lord  direct  your  hearts 
into  the  love  of  God,  and  into  the 
patience  of  Christ. 

2.  From  Advent  Sunday  inclusive  till 
Christmas  Eve  exclusive. 

Isa.  xxxiii.  2. 

O  LORD,  be  gracious  unto  us : 
for  we  have  waited  for  Thee  :  be 
Thou  our  arm  every  morning,  our 
salvation  also  in  the  time  of 
trouble. 


1  Ps.  Ixxxix.  1 6,  17. 


PRIME,   OR   THE   FIRST   HOUR. 


45 


3.  From  the  First  Sunday  i?i  Lent  in 
clusive  till  Passion  Sunday  exclusive. 

Isa.  Iv.  6. 

Seek  ye  the  LORD,  while  He  may 
be  found  :  call  ye  upon  Him  while 
He  is  near. 


4.  From  Passion  Sunday  inclusive  till 
Maundy  Thursday  exclusive. 

Isa.  1.  6. 

I  hid  not  my  face  from  shame 
and  spitting.  The  Lord  GOD  1 
will  help  me,  therefore  also  shall 
I  not  be  confounded. 


5.  From  Easter  Sunday  inclusive  till 
Ascension  Day  exclusive. 

Col.  iii.  i. 

If  ye  be  risen  with  Christ,  seek 
those  things  which  are  above,  where 
Christ  sitteth  at  the  right  hand  of 
God  :  set  your  affections  on  things 
above,  not  on  things  on  the  earth. 

When  the  Reader  has  finished  the 
Short  Lesson,  he  says: 

But  Thou,  O  Lord,  have  mercy 
upon  us. 

Answer.  Thanks  be  to  God. 

Verse.  Our  help  is  in  the  name 
of  the  LORD. 

Answer.  Who  made  heaven  and 
earth. 

Verse.  Bless  ye. 

Answer.  May  God  [bless  us]. 

The  Blessing. 

*J«  The  Lord  bless  us,  and  keep 
us  from  all  evil,  and  bring  us  to  life 
everlasting;  and  may  the  souls  of 
the  Faithful,  through  the  mercy  of 
God,  rest  in  peace. 

Answer.  Amen. 


Lastly,  unless  some  other  Hour  is  to 
follow  immediately,  the  Lord's  Prayer 
is  said  inaudibly. 


Father,  Who  art  in  heaven, 
Hallowed  be  Thy  Name.  Thy 
kingdom  come.  Thy  will  be  done 
on  earth,  as  it  is  in  heaven.  Give 
us  this  day  our  daily  bread.  And 
forgive  us  our  trespasses,  as  we 
forgive  them  that  trespass  against 
us.  And  lead  us  not  into  tempta 
tion  ;  but  deliver  us  from  evil. 
Amen. 

Note.  When  Office  is  said  in  Choir 
the  Service  is  ended  with  the  Antiphon 
of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary  every  time 
the  Choir  is  left.  Otherwise  it  is  only 
said  as  given  in  this  book,  at  the  end  of 
Lauds  (or  the  aggregation  of  which 
Lauds  forms  a  part)  and  Compline. 

Feasts.  The  above  Office  appointed 
for  Sundays  is  also  said  on  all  Feasts 
whatsoever,  even  Simples,  and  every 
day  in  Paschal  time. 


PRIME    ON    WEEK-DAYS. 

All  the  same  as  on  Sunday,  except  as 
otherwise  given  here. 

Ordinary    Antiphon    during    the 
year.     Blessed  are  they  that  walk. 

In  Advent  the  Antiphon  is  the  First 
Antiphon  which  has  been  said  at  Lauds 
on  Sunday,  unless  the  day  have  a  set  of 
its  own. 

Antiphon  in  Lent.     As  I  live. 

Antiphon  for  Passiontide.  De 
liver  me,  O  Lord. 

Psalm  cxvii.,  "O  give  thanks  unto 
the  LORD,"  is  not  said.  On  Saturday 
it  is  simply  omitted,  and  only  the  three 
Feast-Day  Psalms  (viz.  liii.  and  the  two 
first  sections  0/"cxviii.)  are  said,  btit  on 
the  other  days  of  the  week  one  of  the 
Psalms  following  is  put  in  its  place. 


1  The  Divine  Name. 


46 


THE   PSALTER. 


Psalm  XXIII. 

[Intituled  "  A  Psalm  of  David."  The 
Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  add  "for  the  first 
day  of  the  week."] 

THE  earth  is  the  LORD'S  and 
the  fulness  thereof;  *  the 
world,  and  they  that  dwell  there 
in. 

For  He  hath  founded  it  upon  the 
seas,  *  and  established  it  upon  the 
floods. 

Who  shall  ascend  into  the  moun 
tain  of  the  LORD  ?  *  or  who  shall 
stand  in  His  holy  place? 

He  that  hath  clean  hands  and 
a  pure  heart,  *  who  hath  not 
lifted  up  his  soul  unto  vanity,  nor 
sworn  deceitfully  unto  his  neigh 
bour. 

He  shall  receive  a  blessing  from 
the  LORD,  *  and  mercy  from  the 
God  of  his  salvation. 

This  is  the  generation  of  them 
that  seek  Him,  *  that  seek  the 
face  of  the  God  of  Jacob.1 

Lift  up  your  gates,  O  ye  princes, 
and  be  ye  lift  up,  ye  everlasting 
doors !  *  and  the  King  of  glory 
shall  come  in. 

Who  is  this  King  of  glory  ?  * 
The  LORD  strong  and  mighty,  the 
LORD  mighty  in  battle. 

Lift  up  your  gates,  O  ye  princes, 
and  be  ye  lift  up,  ye  everlasting 
doors !  *  and  the  King  of  glory 
shall  come  in. 

Who  is  this  King  of  glory  ?  * 
The  LORD  of  hosts,  He  is  the 
King  of  glory.1 


Psalm  XXIV. 

[Intituled   "Of  David."     This   Psalm  is 
ABC  Darian.] 

UNTO  Thee,  O  LORD,  do  I  lift 
up  my  soul :  *  O  my  God, 
I  trust  in  Thee,  let  me  not  be 
ashamed. 

Neither  let  mine  enemies  triumph 
over  me :  *  for  none  that  wait  on 
Thee  shall  be  ashamed  : 

Let  them  be  ashamed  that 
transgress  *  without  cause. 

Show  me  Thy  ways,  O  LORD,  * 
and  teach  me  Thy  paths. 

Lead  me  in  Thy  truth  and  teach 
me;  *  for  Thou  art  the  God  of 
my  salvation :  and  on  Thee  do  I 
wait  all  the  day. 

Remember,  O  LORD,  Thy  tender 
mercies,  *  and  Thy  loving-kind 
nesses,  which  have  been  ever  of 
old. 

Remember  not  the  sins  of  my 
youth,  *  nor  my  transgressions  : 

According  to  Thy  mercy  remem 
ber  Thou  me,  *  for  Thy  goodness' 
sake,  O  LORD. 

Good  and  upright  is  the  LORD  ; 
*  therefore  will  He  teach  sinners 
in  the  way. 

The  meek  will  He  guide  in  judg 
ment  :  *  the  meek  will  He  teach 
His  way. 

All  the  paths  of  the  LORD  are 
mercy  and  truth,  *  unto  such  as 
keep  His  covenant  and  His  testi 
monies. 

For  Thy  Name's  sake,  O  LORD, 
pardon  mine  iniquity;  *  for  it  is 
great. 


PRIME,   OK    THE   FIRST   HOUR. 


47 


What  man  is  he  that  feareth  the 
LORD  ?  *  him  shall  He  teach  in  the 
way  that  He  shall  choose. 

His  soul  shall  dwell  at  ease  :  * 
and  his  seed  shall  inherit  the  earth. 

The  LORD  is  a  strong  rock  unto 
them  that  fear  Him ;  *  and  His 
covenant  shall  be  made  known  to 
them. 

Mine  eyes  are  ever  toward  the 
LORD  :  *  for  He  shall  pluck  my  feet 
out  of  the  net. 

Turn  Thee  unto  me,  and  have 
mercy  upon  me,  *  for  I  am  desolate 
and  afflicted. 

The  troubles  of  mine  heart  are 
enlarged  :  *  O  bring  me  out  of  my 
distresses. 

Look  upon  mine  affliction  and  my 
pain  :  *  and  forgive  all  my  sins. 

Consider  mine  enemies,  for  they 
are  many  :  *  and  they  hate  me  with 
cruel  hatred. 

O  keep  my  soul,  and  deliver  me  : 
*  let  me  not  be  ashamed,  for  I  put 
my  trust  in  Thee. 

The  undefiled  and  the  upright 
cleave  to  me  :  *  for  I  wait  on  Thee. 

Redeem  Israel,  O  God,  *  out  of 
all  his  troubles  ! 


j 


Psalm  XXV. 
[Intituled  "Of  David."] 

UDGE  me,  O  LORD,  for  I  have 
walked  in  mine  innocence  :  *  I 
have  trusted  also  in  the  LORD  ;  I 
shall  not  slide. 

Examine  me,  O  LORD,  and  prove 
me :  *  try  as  by  fire  my  reins  and 
mine  heart. 

For  Thy  loving-kindness  is  before 
mine  eyes  :  *  and  I  have  walked  in 
Thy  truth. 


I  have  not  sat  with  vain  persons, 

*  neither  will  I  go  in  with  wrong 
doers. 

I  hate  the  congregation  of  evil 
doers  :  *  and  will  not  sit  with  the 
wicked. 

I  will  wash  mine  hands  in  inno- 
cency,  *  and  I  will  compass  Thine 
Altar,  O  LORD. 

That  I  may  hear  the  voice  of 
thanksgiving,  *  and  tell  of  all  Thy 
wondrous  works. 

LORD,  I  have  loved  the  beauty  of 
Thine  house,  *  and  the  place  where 
Thy  glory  dwelleth. 

Make  not  my  soul  to  perish  with 
sinners,  O  God,  *  nor  my  life  with 
bloody  men  : 

In  whose  hands  is  mischief,  *  and 
their  right  hand  is  full  of  bribes. 

But  as  for  me,  I  will  walk  in 
mine  innocence  :  *  redeem  me,  and 
be  merciful  unto  me. 

My  foot  standeth  in  uprightness  : 

*  in  the  congregations  will  I  bless 
Thee,  O  LORD. 


Psalm  XXII. 
[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David."] 

THE  LORD  is  my  Shepherd,  I 
shall  not  want.  *  He  maketh 
me  to  lie  down  in  green  pastures  : 

He  leadeth  me  beside  the  still 
waters.  *  He  restoreth  my  soul  : 

He  leadeth  me  in  the  paths  of 
righteousness,  *  for  His  Name's 
sake. 

Yea,  though  I  walk  through  the 
valley  of  the  shadow  of  death,  I  will 
fear  no  evil  :  *  for  Thou  art  with 
me  : 

Thy  rod  and  Thy  staff  *  they 
comfort  me. 


THE   PSALTER. 


Thou  preparest  a  table  before  me, 

*  in  the  presence  of  mine  enemies  : 
Thou   anointest   mine   head   with 

oil  :  *  and  mine  overflowing  cup,  O 
how  goodly  is  it  ! 

Surely  Thy  mercy  shall  follow  me 

*  all  the  days  of  my  life  : 

And  I  will  dwell  in  the  house  of 
the  LORD  *  for  ever. 


Psalm  XXI. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David."  It  has 
a  musical  (?)  superscription,  from  part  of 
which  it  appears  that  it  was  written  for  a 
tune  called  "The  hind  of  the  morning."] 

1\/TY  God,  my  God,  look  upon 
•*•  *  **  me  l  :  why  hast  Thou  for 
saken  me  ?  *  the  voice  of  mine  of 
fences  keepeth  Thy  deliverance  far 
from  me. 

O  my  God,  I  cry  in  the  day-time, 
and  Thou  hearest  not  :  *  and  in  the 
night  season  —  and  still  it  is  not  fool 
ishness  in  me. 

But  Thou  dwellest  in  holiness,  * 
O  Thou  Praise  of  Israel  ! 

Our  fathers  trusted  in  Thee  :  * 
they  trusted,  and  Thou  didst  deliver 
them. 

They  cried  unto  Thee,  and  were 
delivered  :  *  they  trusted  in  Thee, 
and  were  not  confounded. 

But  I  am  a  worm  and  no  man  :  * 
a  reproach  of  men,  and  despised  of 
the  people. 

2  All  they  that  see  me  laugh  me  to 
scorn  :  *  they  shoot  out  the  lip,  and 
shake  their  head  : 

He  trusted  in  the  LORD,  let  Him 
rescue  him  :  *  let  Him  deliver  him, 
seeing  He  delighteth  in  him. 


But  Thou  art  He  That  took  me 
out  of  the  womb  :  *  Thou  art  mine 
hope  from  my  mother's  breasts.  I 
was  cast  upon  Thee  from  the  womb : 

Thou  art  my  God  from  my 
mother's  belly.  *  Be  not  far  from 
me  : 

For  trouble  is  near  :  *  for  there  is 
none  to  help. 

Many  bulls  have  compassed  me  : 
*  strong  bulls  have  beset  me  round. 

They  gaped  upon  me  with  their 
mouths,  *  as  a  ravening  and  a  roar 
ing  lion. 

I  am  poured  out  like  water,  *  and 
all  my  bones  are  out  of  joint ; 

Mine  heart  is  like  melting  wax  * 
in  the  midst  of  my  bowels. 

My  strength  is  dried  up  like  a 
potsherd,  and  my  tongue  cleaveth  to 
my  jaws  :  *  and  Thou  hast  brought 
me  into  the  dust  of  death. 

For  many  dogs  have  compassed 
me  :  *  the  assembly  of  the  wicked 
have  inclosed  me. 

They  pierced  mine  hands  and  my 
feet :  *  they  have  told  all  my  bones : 

They  look  and  stare  upon  me. 
They  part  my  garments  among  them, 
and  upon  my  vesture  do  they  cast 
lots. 

But  let  not  Thine  help  be  far  from 
me ;  O  LORD,  *  haste  Thee  to  save 
me. 

0  God,  deliver  my  soul  from  the 
sword  :  *  my  darling  from  the  power 
of  the  dog ! 

Save  me  from  the  lion's  mouth  ;  * 
and  mine  affliction  from  the  horns  of 
the  unicorns. 

1  will  declare  Thy  name  unto  my 
brethren :    *    in    the    midst    of   the 
congregation  will  I  praise  Thee. 


1  The  words  "My  God,  My  God,  why  hast  Thou  forsaken  Me?"  were  quoted  by  our 
Lord  upon  the  Cross  (Matth.  xxvii.  46 ;  Mark  xv.  34). 

2  Read  Matth.  xxvii.  39-44. 


PRIME,   OR   THE   FIRST   HOUR. 


49 


Ye  that  fear  the  LORD,  praise 
Him  :  *  all  ye  seed  of  Jacob,  glorify 
Him; 

Let  all  the  seed  of  Israel  fear 
Him.  *  For  He  hath  not  despised 
nor  abhorred  the  prayer  of  the 
poor; 

Neither  hath  He  hid  His  face 
from  me  :  *  but  when  I  cried  unto 
Him,  He  heard  me. 

My  praise  shall  be  of  Thee  in  the 
great  congregation  :  *  I  will  pay  my 
vows  before  them  that  fear  Him. 

The  poor  shall  eat  and  be  satis 
fied,  and  they  shall  praise  the  LORD 
that  seek  Him  :  *  their  heart  shall 
live  for  ever. 

All  the  ends  of  the  earth  *  shall 
remember  and  turn  unto  the  LORD. 

And  all  the  kindreds  of  the  na 
tions  *  shall  worship  before  Him. 

For  the  kingdom  is  the  LORD'S  : 

*  and  He  hath  dominion  among  the 
nations. 

All  they  that  be  fat  upon  earth 
shall  eat  and  worship :  *  all  they 
that  go  down  to  the  dust  shall  fall 
down  before  Him  : 

My  soul  also  shall  live  unto  Him  ; 

*  and  my  seed  shall  serve  Him  : 
The  generation  to  come  shall  tell 

it  unto  the  Lord  :  *  and  the  heavens 
shall  declare  His  righteousness  unto 
a  people  that  shall  be  born,  whom 
the  Lord  hath  made. 


In  Advent  the  Antiphon  is  the  First 
Antiphon  which  has  been  said  at  Lands 
on  Sunday,  unless  the  day  have  a  set  of 
its  own. 

Antiphon  in  Lent.  l  As  I  live, 
saith  the  LORD,  I  have  no  pleasure 
in  the  death  of  the  wicked,  but 
rather  that  he  turn  from  his  way  and 
live. 

Antiphon  for  Passiontide.  2  De 
liver  me,  O  Lord,  and  set  me  be 
side  Thee :  and  any  man's  hand 
may  fight  against  me. 

CHAPTER.    (Zech.  viii.  19.) 

LOVE  peace  and  truth,  saith  the 
Lord  Almighty. 

If  the  Preces  have  not  been  said  at 
Lauds,  then  the  Preces  are  now  said, 
as  on  Sunday;  but  if  the  Lauds  Preces 
have  been  said,  the  following  longer 
form  is  used,  all  kneeling: 

Kyrie  eleison. 

Answer.     Christe  eleison. 

Kyrie  eleison. 


OUR  Father  (inaudibly},  Who 
art  in  heaven,  Hallowed  be 
Thy  Name.  Thy  kingdom  come. 
Thy  will  be  done  on  earth,  as  it  is 
in  heaven.  Give  us  this  day  our 
daily  bread.  And  forgive  us  our 
trespasses,  as  we  forgive  them  that 
trespass  against  us.  (Aloud.) 

Verse.       And    lead    us    not    into 
temptation. 

Answer. 
evil. 


But    deliver    us    from 


Saturtiag. 

Psalm  cxvii.  is  simply  omitted  and 
no  other  is  substituted  for  it. 

Ordinary  Antiphon  during  the  T  BELIEVE  (inaudibly)  in  God 
year.  Blessed  are  they  that  walk  -*-  the  Father  Almighty,  Maker  of 
in  Thy  law,  O  Lord.  heaven  and  earth.  And  in  JESUS 


1  Ezek.  xxxiii.  1 1. 


2  Job  xvii.  3. 


THE   PSALTER. 


Christ,  His  only  Son,  our  Lord : 
Who  was  conceived  by  the  Holy 
Ghost,  born  of  the  Virgin  Mary, 
suffered  under  Pontius  Pilate,  was 
crucified,  dead,  and  buried :  He 
descended  into  hell :  the  third  day 
He  rose  again  from  the  dead  :  He 
ascended  into  heaven,  and  sitteth 
on  the  right  hand  of  God  the 
Father  Almighty  :  from  thence  He 
shall  come  to  judge  the  quick  and 
the  dead.  I  believe  in  the  Holy 
Ghost,  the  Holy  Catholic  Church, 
the  Communion  of  Saints,  the  For 
giveness  of  sins.  (Aloud.} 

Verse.  The  Resurrection  of  the 
body. 

Answer.  And  the  Life  everlast 
ing.  Amen. 

Verse.  And  unto  Thee  have  I 
cried,  O  LORD.  ' 

Answer.  And  in  the  morning 
shall  my  prayer  come  betimes  before 
Thee. 

Verse.  Let  my  mouth  be  filled 
with  Thy  praise. 

Answer.  That  I  may  sing  of 
Thy  glory,  all  the  day  long  of  Thy 
greatness. 

Verse.  O  Lord,  hide  Thy  face 
from  my  sins. 

Answer.  And  blot  out  all  mine 
iniquities. 

Verse.  Create  in  me  a  clean 
heart,  O  God. 

Answer.  And  renew  a  right  spirit 
within  me. 

Verse.  Cast  me  not  away  from 
Thy  presence. 

Answer.  And  take  not  Thine 
Holy  Spirit  from  me. 


Verse.  Restore  unto  me  the  joy 
of  Thy  salvation. 

Answer.  And  uphold  me  with 
Thy  free  spirit. 

Verse.  x  Deliver  me,  O  LORD, 
from  the  evil  man. 

Answer.  And  preserve  me  from 
the  wicked  man. 

Verse.  2  Deliver  me  from  mine 
enemies,  O  my  God. 

Answer.  And  defend  me  from 
them  that  rise  up  against  me. 

Verse.  Deliver  me  from  the 
workers  of  iniquity. 

Answer.  And  save  me  from 
bloody  men. 

Verse.  3  So  will  I  sing  unto  Thy 
Name  for  ever. 

Answer.  That  I  may  daily  per 
form  my  vows. 

Verse.  4  Answer  us,  O  God  of 
our  salvation. 

Ansiver.  Who  art  the  confidence 
of  all  the  ends  of  the  earth,  and  of 
them  that  are  afar  off  upon  the  sea. 

Verse.  Make  haste,  O  God,  to 
deliver  me. 

Answer.  Make  haste  to  help  me, 
O  LORD. 

Verse.  5  Holy  God,  Holy  Mighty, 
Holy  Immortal. 

Answer.     Have  mercy  on  us. 

Verse.  6  Bless  the  LORD,  O  my 
soul. 

Answer.  And  all  that  is  within 
me,  bless  His  holy  Name. 

Verse.    Bless  the  LORD,  O  my  soul. 

Answer.  And  forget  not  all  his 
benefits. 

Verse.  Who  forgiveth  all  thine 
iniquities. 


1  Ps.  cxxxix.  2.  2  Ps.  Iviii.  2,  3.  3  Ps.  Ix.  9.  4  Ps.  Ixiv.  6. 

5  Called  the  "  Trisagion "  in  the  Eastern  Church.  Its  legendary  origin  is  that  it  was 
learnt  from  angels  by  a  boy  who  was  carried  up  into  the  air  during  a  tempest  at  Con 
stantinople  in  the  time  of  St  Proclus  (A.D.  434).  It  is  probably  much  older  than  his 
time.  Photius  thought  it  was  adapted  from  Ps.  xli.  2.  6  Ps.  cii.  1-5. 


PRIME,   OR   THE   FIRST   HOUR. 


51 


Answer.      Who    healeth    all    thy          Answer.     Thy  youth  is  renewed 
diseases.  like  the  eagle's. 


Verse.     Who   redeemeth   thy   life  Verse. 


Our   help    is    in    the 


from  destruction. 

Answer.       Who     crowneth    thee 
with    loving  -  kindness    and    tender      earth, 
mercies. 

Verse.     Who  satisfieth  thy  desire 
with  good  things. 


name  of  the  LORD. 

Answer.     Who  made  heaven  and 


Then  is  made  the  General  Confession, 
and  all  proceeds  as  on  Sunday. 


TERCE,  OR  THE  THIRD  HOUR.1 


©ffice  for  eberg  tfag  in  tfje 


At  the  beginning  of  Terce  the  Lord's 
Prayer  and  the  Angelic  Salutation  are 
said  inaudibly. 

OUR  Father,  Who  art  in  heaven, 
Hallowed  be  Thy  Name.  Thy 
kingdom  come.  Thy  will  be  done 
on  earth,  as  it  is  in  heaven.  Give 
us  this  day  our  daily  bread.  And 
forgive  us  our  trespasses,  as  we  for 
give  them  that  trespass  against  us. 
And  lead  us  not  into  temptation ; 
but  deliver  us  from  evil.  Amen. 

TTAIL,  Mary,  full  of  grace;  The 
-*-  -*•  Lord  is  with  thee  :  blessed 
art  thou  among  women,  and  blessed 
is  the  fruit  of  thy  womb,  JESUS. 

Holy  Mary,  Mother  of  God,  pray 
for  us  sinners,  now,  and  at  the  hour 
of  our  death.  Amen. 

Then  is  said  aloud  : 

Verse.  +fc  Make  haste,  O  God, 
to  deliver  me. 

Answer.  Make  haste  to  help  me, 
O  LORD. 

Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and  to  the 
Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 


As  it  was  in  the  beginning,  is  now, 
and  ever  shall  be,  world  without  end. 
Amen.  Alleluia. 

From  Septuagesima  Sunday  to 
Maundy  Thursday  instead  of  "Alle 
luia"  is  said: 

Ceaseless  praise  to  Thee  be  given, 
O  Eternal  King  of  heaven. 

The?i  is  said  the  following: 

HYMN.2 

COME,  Holy  Ghost,  Who  ever  One, 
Reignest  with   Father  and  with 

Son, 

3  It  is  the  hour,  our  souls  possess 
With  Thy  full  flood  of  holiness. 

Let  flesh,  and  heart,  and  lips,  and  mind, 
Sound  forth  our  witness  to  mankind  ; 
And  love  light  up  our  mortal  frame 
Till  others  catch  the  living  flame. 

Now  to  the  Father,  to  the  Son, 
And  to  the  Spirit,  Three  in  One, 
Be  praise,  and  thanks,  and  glory  given, 
By  men  on  earth,  by  Saints  in  heaven. 

Amen. 

The  last  verse  is  sometimes  said  thus, 
altered  in  honour  of  the  Incarnation  : 

JESU,  the  Virgin-born,  to  Thee, 
To  Father,  Spirit,  One  and  Three, 
Be  praise,  and  thanks,  and  glory  given, 
By  men  on  earth,  by  Saints  in  heaven. 

Amen. 


1  The   proper   hour   of  Terce   is  9   A.M.,   about   which   time   it   is   generally  said   in 
communities  before  the  Community  Mass. 

2  Another  hymn  of  the  Ambrosian  school.     Translation  by  the  late  Card.  Newman. 

3  It  was  at  this  the  third  hour  that  the  Holy  Ghost  descended  on  the  day  of  Pente 
cost. — Acts  ii.  15. 


TERCE,    OR   THE   THIRD   HOUR. 


53 


In  Paschal  time  it  is  said  thus,  al 
tered  in  honour  of  the  Resurrection  : 

JESU,  our  Risen  Lord,  to  Thee, 
To  Father,  Spirit,  One  and  Three, 
Be  praise,  and  thanks,  and  glory  given, 
By  men  on  earth,  by  Saints  in  heaven. 

Amen. 

//  is  also  occasionally  otherwise  al 
tered,  which  occasions  are  marked  in 
their  places. 

Then  follow  six  sections  of  Psalm 
CX  VIII.  They  are  all  said  under  one 
Antiphon,  and  when  Five  Antiphons 
have  been  said  at  Lauds,  the  Second  of 
these  Five  is  the  Antiphon  at  Terce. 
Otherwise  those  given  here  are  used. 

Ordinary  Antiphon  for  Sundays  ; 
and  for  every  day  in  Paschal  time. 
Alleluia. 

Ordinary  Antiphon  for  Week-days. 
Lead  me. 

In  Advent  the  Antiphon  is  the  Second 
Antiphon  which  has  been  said  at  Lauds 
on  Sunday,  unless  the  day  have  a  set  of 
its  own. 

Antiphon  in  Lent.  Behold  now 
is  the  day. 

Antiphon  in  Passiontide.  O  Lord, 
Thou  hast  judged. 


Continuation  of  Psalm  C XVI I  I. 

il1 

TEACH  me,  O  LORD,  the  way  of 
Thy   statutes :    *   and   I   shall 
keep  it  unto  the  end. 

Give    me    understanding,    and    I 
shall  keep  Thy  law :   *  yea,  I  shall 
observe  it  with  my  whole  heart. 
Lead    me    in    the    path    of   Thy 


commandments  :  *  for  therein  do  I 
delight. 

Incline  mine  heart  unto  Thy  testi 
monies,  *  and  not  to  covetousness. 

Turn  away  mine  eyes  from  be 
holding  vanity  :  *  quicken  Thou  me 
in  Thy  way. 

Stablish  Thy  word  unto  Thy  ser 
vant,  *  that  he  may  fear  Thee. 

Turn  away  my  reproach,  which  I 
dread :  *  for  Thy  judgments  are 
good. 

Behold,  I  have  longed  after 
Thy  precepts :  *  quicken  me  in 
Thy  righteousness. 

Here  the  Doxology,  "  Glory  be  to  the 
Father,  &c.,"  is  not  said. 


LET  Thy  mercy  come  also  unto 
me,  O  LORD  :  *  even  Thy  sal 
vation,  according  to  Thy  word. 

So  shall  I  have  wherewith  to 
answer  him  that  reproacheth  me : 
*  for  I  trust  in  Thy  word. 

And  take  not  the  word  of  truth 
utterly  out  of  my  mouth  :  *  for  I 
have  hoped  in  Thy  judgments. 

So  shall  I  keep  Thy  law  contin 
ually,  *  for  ever  and  ever. 

And  I  will  walk  at  liberty  :  *  for 
I  seek  Thy  precepts. 

I  will  speak  of  Thy  testimonies 
also  before  kings  :  *  and  will  not  be 
ashamed. 

And  I  will  delight  myself  in  Thy 
commandments,  *  which  I  have  loved. 

Mine  hands  also  will  I  lift  up 
unto  Thy  commandments,  which  I 
have  loved  :  *  and  I  will  meditate 
in  Thy  statutes. 


1  Here  begins  the  letter  He,  an  aspirate,  nearly  represented  by  our  H. 

2  Here  begins  the  letter  Vau,   variously  attempted   to  be  represented  by  V,   W,    U, 
O,  Oo. 


54 


THE    PSALTER. 


Continuation  of  the  same  Psalm. 


T3  EMEMBER  Thy  word  unto 
•"•^  Thy  servant,  *  upon  which 
Thou  hast  caused  me  to  hope. 

This  is  my  comfort  in  mine  afflic 
tion,  *  that  Thy  word  hath  quickened 
me. 

The  proud  have  behaved  them 
selves  very  wickedly  :  *  yet  have  I 
not  turned  aside  from  Thy  law. 

I  remembered  Thy  judgments  of 
old,  O  LORD  :  *  and  have  comforted 
myself. 

Horror  hath  taken  hold  upon  me, 

*  because  of  the  wicked  that  forsake 
Thy  law. 

Thy  statutes  have  been  my  songs 

*  in  the  house  of  my  pilgrimage. 

I  have  remembered  Thy  Name,  O 
LORD,  in  the  night,  *  and  have  kept 
Thy  law. 

This  I  had,  *  because  I  kept  Thy 
precepts. 

Here  the  Doxology,  "  Glory  be  to  the 
Father,  &c.,"  is  not  said. 


"  I  ^HOU  art  my  portion,  O  LORD, 
*  *  I  have  said  that  I  would 
keep  Thy  law. 

I  entreated  Thy  favour  with  my 
whole  heart :  *  be  merciful  unto  me 
according  to  Thy  word. 

I  thought  on  my  ways,  *  and 
turned  my  feet  unto  Thy  testi 
monies. 

I  made  haste,  and  delayed  not 
*  to  keep  Thy  commandments. 

The   bands   of   the   wicked   have 


compassed  me  about :  *  yet  have 
I  not  forgotten  Thy  law. 

At  midnight  I  will  rise  to  give 
thanks  unto  Thee,  *  because  of 
Thy  righteous  judgments. 

I  am  the  companion  of  all  them 
that  fear  Thee,  *  and  of  them  that 
keep  Thy  precepts. 

The  earth,  O  LORD,  is  full  of 
Thy  mercy  :  teach  me  Thy 

statutes. 


Continuation  of  the  same  Psalm. 


'T'HOU  hast  dealt  well  with  Thy 
•*•  servant,  O  LORD,  *  according 
to  Thy  word. 

Teach  me  goodness,  and  judg 
ment,  and  knowledge  :  *  for  I  have 
believed  Thy  commandments. 

Before  I  was  afflicted,  I  went 
astray  :  therefore  now  I  have 
kept  Thy  word. 

Thou  art  good,  *  and  in  Thy 
goodness  teach  me  Thy  statutes. 

The  proud  have  dealt  very 
wickedly  with  me  :  *  but  I  will 
keep  Thy  precepts  with  my  whole 
heart. 

Their  heart  is  curdled  as  milk  :  4 
*  but  I  delight  in  Thy  law. 

It  is  good  for  me  that  Thou  hast 
afflicted  me  :  *  that  I  might  learn 
Thy  statutes. 

The  law  of  Thy  mouth  is  better 
unto  me,  *  than  thousands  of  gold 
and  silver. 


Here  the  Doxology^  "  Glory  be  to  the 
Father,  &c.,"  is  not  said. 


1  Here  begins  the  letter  Zain,  answering  to  Z. 

2  Here  begins  the  letter  Kh^th,  a  strong  guttural,  variously  represented  by  Kh  and  Hh. 

3  Here  begins  the  letter  Teth,  represented  by  T. 

4  "  Gross  as  fat  is  their  heart "  (Leeser).     The  idea  conveyed  is  that  of  stupidity. 


TERCE,   OR   THE   THIRD   HOUR. 


55 


'T^HINE  hands  have  made  me  and 
-*-  fashioned  me :  *  give  me 
understanding,  that  I  may  learn 
Thy  commandments. 

They  that  fear  Thee  will  be  glad 
when  they  see  me  :  *  because  I  have 
hoped  in  Thy  word. 

I  know,  O  LORD,  that  Thy  judg 
ments  are  right,  *  and  that  Thou 
in  faithfulness  hast  afflicted  me. 

Let  Thy  merciful  kindness  be  for 
my  comfort,  *  according  to  Thy 
word  unto  Thy  servant. 

Let  Thy  tender  mercies  come  unto 
me,  that  I  may  live  :  *  for  Thy  law 
is  my  delight. 

Let  the  proud  be  ashamed,  for 
they  dealt  wrongfully  with  me  with 
out  a  cause  :  *  but  I  will  meditate 
in  Thy  precepts. 

Let  those  that  fear  Thee  turn 
unto  me,  *  and  those  that  know 
Thy  testimonies. 

Let  mine  heart  be  undenled  in 
Thy  statutes,  *  that  I  be  not 
ashamed. 

Ordinary  Antiphon  for  Sundays. 
Alleluia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Antiphon  for  every  day  in  Paschal 
time.  Alleluia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia, 
Alleluia. 

Ordinary  Antiphon  for  Week 
days.  2  Lead  me  in  the  path  of 
Thy  commandments,  O  Lord. 

In  Advent  the  Antiphon  is  the  Second 
Antiphon  which  has  been  said  at  Lauds 
on  Sunday ',  unless  the  day  have  a  set  of 
its  own. 

Antiphon  in  Lent.  Behold  now 
is  the  day  of  repentance,  to  redeem 
sin,  and  save  the  soul. 


Antiphon  in  Passiontide.  3  O 
Lord,  Thou  hast  judged  the  cause 
of  my  soul.  Thou  hast  redeemed 
my  life,  O  Lord  my  God. 

Then  follows  the  Chapter  and  the 
Short  Respo?isory.  When  they  are  not 
given  specially,  one  of  the  following  is 
used.  After  the  Chapter  is  always  an 
swered,  "  Thanks  be  to  God." 


On  Sundays,  from  the  Third  Sun 
day  after  the  Epiphany  inclusive  until 
Septuagesima  Sunday  exclusive,  and 
from  the  Third  Sunday  after  Pentecost 
inclusive  until  Advent  Sunday  exclusive 
are  said  the  following,  and  the  Respon- 
sory  is  used  moreover  till  the  First 
Sunday  in  Lent  exclusive. 

CHAPTER,     (i  John  iv.  16.) 

GOD  is  love  :  and  he  that  dwell- 
eth  in  love  dwelleth  in  God, 
and  God  in  him. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Short  Responsory. 

4  Incline  mine  heart  unto  Thy 
testimonies,  O  God. 

Answer.  Incline  mine  heart  unto 
Thy  testimonies,  O  God. 

Verse.  Turn  away  mine  eyes  from 
beholding  vanity  :  quicken  Thou  me 
in  Thy  way. 

Answer.  Unto  Thy  testimonies, 
O  God. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  Incline  mine  heart  unto 
Thy  testimonies,  O  God. 

Verse.  5  I  said,  LORD,  be  merci 
ful  unto  me. 

Answer.  Heal  my  soul,  for  I 
have  sinned  against  Thee. 


1  Here  begins  the  letter  Jod,  variously  represented  by  J,  Y,  I,  Ee. 

2  Ps.  cxviii.  35.  3  Lam.  iii.  58.  4  Ps.  cxviii.  36,  37. 


5  Ps.  xl.  5. 


THE   PSALTER. 


On  ordinary  Week-days  throughout 
the  year  are  said  the  following  : 

CHAPTER.     (Jer.  xvii.  14.) 

TT  EAL  me,  O  LORD,  and  I  shall 
J-  J-      be  healed  :   save  me,  and  I 

shall   be   saved :    for  Thou   art   my 

praise. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Short  Responsory. 

Heal  my  soul,  for  I  have  sinned 
against  Thee. 

Answer.  Heal  my  soul,  for  I 
have  sinned  against  Thee. 

Verse.  I  said,  LORD,  be  merciful 
unto  me. 

Answer.  For  I  have  sinned  against 
Thee. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  Heal  my  soul,  for  I 
have  sinned  against  Thee. 

Verse.  *  Be  Thou  mine  Helper, 
neither  leave  me, 

Answer.  Nor  forsake  me,  O  God 
of  my  salvation. 

In  Advent  are  said  the  following  (but 
the  Chapter  on  Week-days  only)  : 

CHAPTER.    (Jer.  xxiii.  5.) 

BEHOLD,  the  days  come,  saith 
the  LORD,  that  I  will  raise 
unto  David  a  righteous  branch  :  and 
a  King  shall  reign  in  wisdom,  and 
shall  execute  judgment  and  justice 
in  the  earth. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Short  Responsory. 

Come  and  save  us,  O  Lord  God 
of  hosts. 


Answer.  Come  and  save  us,  O 
Lord  God  of  hosts. 

Verse.  2  Cause  Thy  face  to  shine, 
and  we  shall  be  saved. 

Answer.     O  Lord  God  of  hosts. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  Come  and  save  us,  O 
Lord  God  of  hosts. 

Verse.  3  The  heathen  shall  fear 
Thy  Name,  O  LORD. 

Answer.  And  all  the  kings  of 
the  earth  Thy  glory. 

In  Lent  are  said  the  following  (but  the 
Chapter  on  Week-days  only)  : 

CHAPTER.     (Joel  ii.  12,  13.) 


ye  to   Me  with  all  your 
heart,    with  fasting,  and  with 
weeping,  and  with  mourning.      And 
rend  your  heart  and  not   your  gar 
ments,  saith  the  Lord  Almighty. 
Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Short  Responsory. 

4  He  hath  delivered  me  from  the 
snare  of  the  fowler. 

Answer.  He  hath  delivered  me 
from  the  snare  of  the  fowler. 

Verse.  And  from  the  noisome 
pestilence. 

Answer.  From  the  snare  of  the 
fowler. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  He  hath  delivered  me 
from  the  snare  of  the  fowler. 

Verse.  He  shall  cover  thee  with 
His  wings. 

Answer.  And  under  His  feathers 
shalt  thou  trust. 


1  Ps.  xxvi.  9. 


2  Ps.  Ixxix.  4. 


3  Ps.  ci.  1 6. 


4  Ps.  xc.  3. 


TERCE,   OR   THE   THIRD   HOUR. 


57 


In  Passiontide  are  said  the  following 
(but  the  Chapter  on  Week-days  only)  : 

CHAPTER.    (Jer.  xvii.  13.) 

LORD,  all  that  forsake  Thee 
shall  be  ashamed  :  they  that 
depart  from  Thee  shall  be  written 
in  the  earth :  because  they  have 
forsaken  the  LORD,  the  fountain  of 
living  waters. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Short  Responsory. 

1  O  God,  deliver  my  soul  from 
the  sword. 

Answer.  O  God,  deliver  my  soul 
from  the  sword. 

Verse.  And  my  darling  from 
the  power  of  the  dog. 

Answer.  My  soul  from  the  sword. 
O  God,  deliver  my  soul  from  the 
sword. 

Verse.  O  Lord,  save  me  from 
the  lion's  mouth. 

Answer.  And  mine  affliction 
from  the  horns  of  the  unicorns. 


In  Paschal  time  are  said  the  following 
(but  the  Chapter  on  Week-days  only}  : 

CHAPTER.    (Rom.  vi.  9.) 

/CHRIST,  being  raised  from  the 
V-'  dead,  dieth  no  more,  death 
hath  no  more  dominion  over  Him. 
For  in  that  He  died,  He  died  unto 
sin  once ;  but  in  that  He  liveth,  He 
liveth  unto  God. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Short  Responsory. 

The  Lord  is  risen  from  the  grave, 
Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Answer.  The  Lord  is  risen  from 
the  grave,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 


Verse.  Who  hung  for  us  upon 
the  tree. 

Answer.     Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  The  Lord  is  risen  from 
the  grave,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Verse.  2  The  Lord  is  risen  in 
deed,  Alleluia. 

Answer.  And  hath  appeared  to 
Simon,  Alleluia. 

After  the  Short  Responsory,  if  the 
Preces  have  been  said  at  Lauds,  all  kneel 
down  and  the  following  are  said;  but 
if  the  Preces  have  been  omitted  at  Lauds, 
then  these  are  also  omitted  down  to  the 
mark  *. 

Kyrie  eleison. 

Answer.     Christe  eleison. 

Kyrie  eleison. 


Father  (inaudibly\  Who 
.  art  in  heaven,  Hallowed  be 
Thy  Name.  Thy  kingdom  come. 
Thy  will  be  done  on  earth,  as  it  is 
in  heaven.  Give  us  this  day  our 
daily  bread.  And  forgive  us  our 
trespasses,  as  we  forgive  them  that 
trespass  against  us.  (Aloud.) 

Verse.  And  lead  us  not  into 
temptation. 

Answer.     But  deliver  us  from  evil. 

Verse.  3  Turn  us  again,  O  Lord 
God  of  hosts. 

Answer.  And  cause  Thy  face  to 
shine,  and  we  shall  be  saved. 

Verse.  Arise,  O  Christ,  and  help 
us. 

Answer.  And  deliver  us  for  Thy 
Name's  sake. 

Here  the  Office  is  continued  when  the 
above  has  been  omitted. 


Ps.  xxi.  21. 


2  Luke  xxiv.  34. 


3  Ps.  Ixxix.  8. 


THE   PSALTER. 


*  Verse.  Hear  my  prayer,  O 
LORD. 

Answer.  And  let  my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 

Let  us  pray. 

Here  is  said  the  Prayer  for  the  day, 
after  which : 

Verse.    Hear  my  prayer,  O  LORD. 
Answer.     And  let  my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 

Verse.     Bless  we  the  Lord. 
Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

If  the  Little  Office  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin  Mary  is  to  follow  immediately, 
it  is  begun  here,  and  what  follows  is  not 
said.  Otherwise  the  Office  ends  thus  : 

Verse  (said  in  a  somewhat  lower 
voice).  May  the  souls  of  the  Faith 
ful,  through  the  mercy  of  God,  rest 
in  peace. 

Ansiver.     Amen. 


Lastly,  unless  Sext  follow,  the  Lord^s 
Prayer  is  said  inatidibly. 

OUR  Father,  Who  art  in  heaven, 
Hallowed  be  Thy  Name.  Thy 
kingdom  come.  Thy  will  be  done 
on  earth,  as  it  is  in  heaven.  Give 
us  this  day  our  daily  bread.  And 
forgive  us  our  trespasses,  as  we  for 
give  them  that  trespass  against  us. 
And  lead  us  not  into  temptation ; 
but  deliver  us  from  evil.  Amen. 

Note.  When  Office  is  said  in  Choir 
the  Service  is  ended  with  the  Antiphon 
of  the  Blessed  Virgi?i  Mary  every  time 
the  Choir  is  left.  Otherwise  it  is  only 
said  as  given  in  this  book,  at  the  end 
of  Lauds  (or  the  aggregation  of  which 
Lauds  forms  a  part]  and  Compline. 

Feasts.  The  above  Office,  appointed 
for  all  Sundays  and  Week-days  through 
out  the  year,  is  likewise  said  on  all 
Feasts. 


59 


SEXT,    OR   THE    SIXTH    HOUR.1 


©fitce  for  rfjerg  tiag  in  tfje 


At  the  beginning  of  Sext,  the  Lord^s 
Prayer  a?id  the  Angelic  Salutation  are 
said  inaudibly. 

OUR  Father,  Who  art  in  heaven, 
Hallowed  be  Thy  Name.  Thy 
kingdom  come.  Thy  will  be  done 
on  earth,  as  it  is  in  heaven.  Give 
us  this  day  our  daily  bread.  And 
forgive  us  our  trespasses,  as  we  for 
give  them  that  trespass  against  us. 
And  lead  us  not  into  temptation; 
but  deliver  us  from  evil.  Amen. 

TTAIL,  Mary,  full  of  grace;  The 
•*•  ^  Lord  is  with  thee  :  blessed 
art  thou  among  women,  and  blessed 
is  the  fruit  of  thy  womb,  JESUS. 

Holy  Mary,  Mother  of  God,  pray 
for  us  sinners,  now,  and  at  the  hour 
of  our  death.  Amen. 

Then  is  said  aloud  : 

Verse.  ^  Make  haste,  O  God,  to 
deliver  me. 

Answer.  Make  haste  to  help  me, 
O  LORD. 

Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and  to 
the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

As   it   was    in    the    beginning,    is 


now,  and  ever  shall  be,  world  with 
out  end.     Amen.     Alleluia. 

From  Septtiagesima  Su?iday  to 
Maundy  Thursday,  instead  of  "Alle 
luia"  is  said: 

Ceaseless  praise  to  Thee  be  given, 
O  Eternal  King  of  Heaven. 

Then  is  said  the  following : 

HYMN.2 

OGOD,  Who  canst  not  change  nor 
fail, 

Guiding  the  hours,  as  they  roll  by, 
Brightening  with  beams  the  morning 

pale, 
And  burning  in  the  mid-day  sky  ; 

Quench   Thou   the   fires   of  hate  and 

strife, 

The  wasting  fever  of  the  heart  ; 
From  perils  guard  our  feeble  life, 
And  to  bur  souls  Thy  peace  impart. 

Grant  this,  O  Father,  Only  Son, 
And  Holy  Spirit,  God  of  grace, 
To  Whom  all  glory,  Three  in  One, 
Be  given  in  every  time  and  place. 

Amen. 

The  last  verse  is  sometimes  said  thus, 
altered  in  honour  of  the  Incarnation : 

Hear,  JESU,  Virgin-born,  our  cry, 
WTith  Father  and  with  Holy  Ghost, 
To  Whom  be  praise,  here  as  on  high, 
On  earth  as  'mid  the  Angelic  Host. 

Amen. 


1  The  proper  hour  for  Sext  is  12  noon.     In  Choirs  it  is  generally  said  after  the  Com 
munity  Mass. 

2  Another  hymn  of  the  Ambrosian  school,  with  one  word  altered.     Translation  by  the 
late  Card.  Newman. 


6o 


THE   PSALTER. 


In  Paschal  time  it  is  said  thus,  altered 
in  honour  of  the  Resurrection  : 

To  Thee,  our  Risen  Lord,  we  cry, 
With  Father  and  with  Holy  Ghost, 
To  Whom  be  praise,  here  as  on  high, 
On  earth  as  'mid  the  Angelic  Host. 

Amen. 

//  is  also  occasionally  otherwise  al 
tered,  which  occasions  are  marked  in 
their  places. 

Then  follow  six  sections  of  Psalm 
CXVIIL  They  are  all  said  under  one 
Antiphon,  and  when  Five  Antiphons 
have  been  said  at  Lauds  the  third  of 
these  Five  is  the  Antipho?i  at  Sext. 
Otherwise  those  given  here  are  used. 

Ordinary  Antiphon  for  Sundays 
and  for  every  day  in  Paschal  time. 
Alleluia. 

Ordinary  Antiphonfor  Week-days. 
Hold  Thou  me  up. 

In  Advent  the  Antiphon  is  the  Third 
Antiphon  which  has  been  said  at  Lauds 
on  Sunday,  unless  the  day  have  a  set  of 
its  ovvn. 

Antiphon  in  Lent.  Let  us  ap 
prove  ourselves. 

Antiphon  in  Passiontide.  O  My 
people. 


Continuation  of  Psalm  CXVIIL 


MY  soul  fainteth  for  Thy  salva 
tion  :  *  but  I  hope  in  Thy 
word. 

Mine  eyes  fail  for  Thy  word,  * 
saying :  When  wilt  Thou  comfort 
me? 

For  I  am  become  like  a  wine 
skin  in  time  of  frost :  *  yet  do  I 
not  forget  Thy  statutes. 


How  many  are  the  days  of  Thy 
servant  ?  *  when  wilt  Thou  execute 
judgment  on  them  that  persecute 
me? 

The  wicked  have  spoken  lies 
unto  me,  *  which  are  not  after  Thy 
law. 

All  Thy  commandments  are  faith 
ful  :  *  they  persecute  me  wrongfully, 
help  Thou  me. 

They  had  almost  consumed  me 
upon  earth :  *  but  I  forsook  not 
Thy  precepts. 

Quicken  me  after  Thy  loving- 
kindness  :  *  so  shall  I  keep  the 
testimony  of  Thy  mouth. 

Here  the  Doxology,  "  Glory  be  to  the 
Father,  &c.,"  is  not  said. 


ever,  O  LORD,  *  Thy  word 
is  settled  in  heaven. 

Thy  faithfulness  is  unto  all  genera 
tions  :  *  Thou  hast  established  the 
earth,  and  it  abideth. 

The  day  continueth  by  Thine 
ordinance :  *  for  all  things  serve 
Thee. 

Unless  Thy  law  had  been  my 
delight,  *  then  perchance  I  should 
have  perished  in  mine  affliction. 

I  will  never  forget  Thy  precepts  : 
*  for  with  them  Thou  hast  quick 
ened  me. 

I  am  Thine,  save  me  :  *  for  I 
have  sought  Thy  precepts. 

The  wicked  have  waited  for  me, 
to  destroy  me :  *  but  I  considered 
Thy  testimonies. 

I  have  seen  an  end  of  all  perfec 
tion  :  *  but  Thy  commandment  is 
exceeding  broad. 


1  Here  begins  the  letter  Caph,  a  guttural  variously  represented  by  C,  Q,  Ch,  &c. 

2  Here  begins  the  letter  Lamed,  answering  to  L. 


SEXT,   OR   THE   SIXTH    HOUR. 


61 


Continuation  of  the  same  Psalm. 


HOW  I  love  Thy  law,  O  Lord  ! 
*  it  is  my  meditation  all  the 


O 

day. 

Thou,  through  Thy  command 
ments,  hast  made  me  wiser  than 
mine  enemies  :  *  for  they  are  ever 
with  me. 

I  have  more  understanding  than 
all  my  teachers  :  *  for  Thy  testi 
monies  are  my  meditation. 

I  understand  more  than  the  an 
cients,  *  because  I  keep  Thy  pre 
cepts. 

I  have  refrained  my  feet  from 
every  evil  way  ;  *  that  I  might  keep 
Thy  word. 

I  have  not  departed  from  Thy 
judgments  :  *  for  Thou  hast  taught 
me. 

How  sweet  are  Thy  words  unto 
my  taste  !  *  yea,  sweeter  than  honey 
to  my  mouth. 

Through  Thy  precepts  I  get  un 
derstanding  :  *  therefore  I  hate  every 
false  way. 

Here  the  Doxology,  "  Glory  be  to  the 
Father,  &c.,"  is  not  said. 


"  I  ^HY  word  is  a  lamp  unto  my  feet, 
^  *  and  a  light  unto  my  path. 

I  have  sworn,  and  am  stedfastly 
purposed,  *  to  keep  Thy  righteous 
judgments. 

I  am  afflicted  very  much,  O 
LORD  :  *  quicken  me  according  to 
Thy  word. 

Accept,  I  beseech  Thee,  the  free 


will  offerings  of  my  mouth,  O  LORD  : 
*  and  teach  me  Thy  judgments. 

My  soul  is  continually  in  mine 
hand :  *  yet  do  I  not  forget  Thy  law. 

The  wicked  have  laid  a  snare  for 
me :  *  yet  I  erred  not  from  Thy 
precepts. 

Thy  testimonies  have  I  taken  as 
an  heritage  for  ever  :  *  for  they  are 
the  rejoicing  of  mine  heart. 

I  have  inclined  mine  heart  to 
perform  Thy  statutes  always,  *  be 
cause  of  the  reward. 


Contimiation  of  the  same  Psalm. 


T  HATE  the  unrighteous  :  *  but 
-*•  Thy  law  do  I  love. 

Thou  art  mine  Helper  and  my 
Protector :  *  and  in  Thy  word  do 
I  hope. 

Depart  from  me,  ye  evil-doers : 
*  for  I  will  keep  the  commandments 
of  my  God. 

Uphold  me  according  to  Thy 
word,  and  I  shall  live  :  *  and  let  me 
not  be  ashamed  of  mine  hope. 

Hold  Thou  me  up  and  I  shall  be 
safe  :  *  and  I  will  have  respect  unto 
Thy  statutes  continually. 

Thou  hast  trodden  down  all  them 
that  err  from  Thy  statutes  :  *  for 
their  thought  is  falsehood. 

I  hold  all  the  wicked  of  the  earth 
as  liars  :  *  therefore  I  love  Thy 
testimonies. 

Make  Thou  my  flesh  to  tremble 
for  fear  of  Thee  :  *  for  I  am  afraid 
of  Thy  judgments. 

Here  the  Doxology,  "  Glory  be  to  the 
Father,  &c.,"  is  not  said. 


1  Here  begins  the  letter  Mem,  answering  to  M. 

2  Here  begins  the  letter  Nun,  answering  to  N. 

3  Here  begins  the  letter  Samech,  somewhat  represented  by  S. 


62 


THE    PSALTER. 


I 


HAVE  done  judgment  and  jus 
tice  :  *  leave  me  not  to  mine 
oppressors. 

Be  surety  for  Thy  servant  for 
good  :  *  let  not  the  proud  oppress 
me. 

Mine  eyes  fail  for  Thy  salva 
tion,  *  and  for  the  word  of  Thy 
righteousness. 

Deal  with  Thy  servant  according 
unto  Thy  mercy :  *  and  teach  me 
Thy  statutes. 

I  am  Thy  servant :  *  give  me  un 
derstanding,  that  I  may  know  Thy 
testimonies. 

It  is  time  for  Thee,  LORD,  to  work  : 
*  they  have  made  void  Thy  law. 

Therefore  I  love  Thy  command 
ments  *  above  gold  and  the  topaz 
stone. 

Therefore  did  I  turn  to  all  Thy 
commandments :  *  I  hate  every 
false  way. 

Ordinary  Antiphon  for  Sunday. 
Alleluia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Antiphon  for  every  day  in  Paschal 
time.  Alleluia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia, 
Alleluia. 

Ordinary  Antiphon  for  Week-days. 
2  Hold  Thou  me  up,  O  Lord,  and  I 
shall  be  safe. 

In  Advent  the  Antiphon  is  the  Third 
Antiphon  which  has  been  said  at  Lauds 
on  Sunday,  unless  the  day  have  a  set  of 
its  own. 

Antiphon  in  Lent.  Let  us  ap 
prove  ourselves  in  much  patience,  in 
much  fasting,  by  the  armour  of 
righteousness. 


Antiphon  in  Passiontide.  3  O  My 
people,  what  have  I  done  unto  thee, 
and  wherein  have  I  wearied  thee  ? 
Testify  against  Me. 

Then  follows  the  Chapter  and  the 
Short  Responsory.  When  they  are  not 
given  specially,  one  of  the  following  is 
used.  After  the  Chapter  is  always  an 
swered,  "  Thanks  be  to  God." 

On  Sundays,  from  the  Third  Sunday 
after  the  Epiphany  inclusive  until  Sep- 
tuagesima  Sunday  exclusive,  and  from 
the  Fotirth  Swiday  after  Pentecost  in 
clusive  until  Advent  Sunday  exclusive, 
are  said  the  following,  and  the  Re 
sponsory  is  used  moreover  tintil  the 
First  Sunday  in  Lent,  exclusive. 

CHAPTER.    (Gal.  vi.  2.) 

"DEAR  ye  one  another's  burdens, 
*~*  and  so  shall  ye  fulfil  the  law 
of  Christ. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Short  Responsory. 

4  For  ever,  O  LORD,  Thy  word  is 
settled  [in  heaven]. 

Ansiver.  For  ever,  O  LORD,  Thy 
word  is  settled  [in  heaven]. 

Verse.  Thy  faithfulness  is  unto 
all  generations. 

Answer.  Thy  word  is  settled  [in 
heaven]. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  For  ever,  O  LORD,  Thy 
word  is  settled  [in  heaven]. 

Verse.  5The  LORD  is  my  Shep 
herd,  I  shall  not  want. 

Answer.  He  maketh  me  to  lie 
down  in  green  pastures. 


1  Here  begins  the  letter  Ayin,  or  Chain,  as  to  the  sound  of  which  the  learned  are  not 
agreed. 

2  Ps.  cxviii.  117.  3  Micah  vi.  3.  4  Ps.  cxviii.  89.  5  Ps.  xxii.  i,  2. 


SEXT,   OR   THE   SIXTH   HOUR. 


On  ordinary  Week-days  throughoict 
the  year  are  said  the  following : 

CHAPTER.    (Gal.  vi.  2.) 

"DEAR  ye  one  another's  burdens, 
J-'  and  so  shall  ye  fulfil  the  law 
of  Christ. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Short  Responsory. 

1 1  will  bless  the  LORD  at  all 
times. 

Answer.  I  will  bless  the  LORD 
at  all  times. 

Verse.  His  praise  shall  continu 
ally  be  in  my  mouth. 

Answer.     At  all  times. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  I  will  bless  the  LORD 
at  all  times. 

Verse.  The  LORD  is  my  Shep 
herd,  I  shall  not  want. 

Ansiver.  He  maketh  me  to  lie 
down  in  green  pastures. 

In  Advent  are  said  the  following  (but 
the  Chapter  on  Week-days  only)  : 

CHAPTER.    (Jerem.  xxxiii.  16.) 

TN  those  days  shall  Judah  be 
*  saved,  and  Israel  shall  dwell 
safely  :  and  this  is  the  name  where 
by  she  shall  be  called,  The  LORD 
our  Righteousness. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Short  Responsory. 

2  Show  us  Thy  mercy,  O  LORD. 

Answer.  Show  us  Thy  mercy,  O 
LORD. 

Verse.  And  grant  us  Thy  sal 
vation. 

Answer.     Thy  mercy,  O  LORD. 

1  Ps.  xxxiii.  2.  2  Ps.  Ixxxiv.  8. 


Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and 
to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Answer.  Show  us  Thy  mercy,  O 
LORD. 

Verse.  8  Remember  us,  O  LORD, 
with  the  favour  that  Thou  bearest 
unto  Thy  people. 

Answer.  O  visit  us  with  Thy 
salvation. 

In  Lent  are  said  the.  following  (but 
the  Chapter  on  Week-days  only) : 

CHAPTER.    (Isa.  lv.  7.) 

T  ET  the  wicked  forsake  his  way, 
*~*  and  the  unrighteous  man  his 
thoughts,  and  let  him  return  unto 
the  LORD,  and  He  will  have  mercy 
upon  him ;  and  to  our  God,  for  He 
will  abundantly  pardon. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Short  Responsory. 

4  He  shall  cover  thee  with  His 
wings. 

Answer.  He  shall  cover  thee 
with  His  wings. 

Verse.  And  under  His  feathers 
shalt  thou  trust. 

Ansiver.     With  His  wings. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and 
to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Ansiver.  He  shall  cover  thee 
with  His  wings. 

Verse.  His  truth  shall  be  thy 
shield. 

Answer.  Thou  shalt  not  be 
afraid  for  the  terror  by  night. 

hi  Passiontide  are  said  the  following 
(but  the  Chapter  on  Week-days  only)  : 

CHAPTER.     (Jerem.  xvii.  18.) 

T  ET  them  be  confounded  that  per- 
•*-*  secute  me,  but  let  not  me  be 

confounded ;  let  them  be  dismayed, 


Ps.  cv.  4. 


4  Ps.  xc.  4. 


64 


THE   PSALTER. 


but  let  not  me  be  dismayed ;  bring 
upon  them  the  day  of  evil,  and  de 
stroy  them  with  double  destruction, 
O  Lord  our  God. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Short  Responsory. 

1  O  Lord,  save  me  from  the  lion's 
mouth. 

Answer.  O  Lord,  save  me  from 
the  lion's  mouth. 

Verse.  And  mine  affliction  from 
the  horns  of  the  unicorns. 

Answer.  From  the  lion's  mouth, 
O  Lord,  save  me  from  the  lion's 
mouth. 

Verse.  2  Make  not  my  soul  to 
perish  with  sinners,  O  God. 

Answer.  Nor  my  life  with  bloody 
men. 


In  Paschal  time  are  said  the  follow 
ing  (but  the  Chapter  on  Week-days 
only]  : 

CHAPTER,    (i  Cor.  xv.  20.) 

~\JOW  is  Christ  risen  from  the 
-*•  ^  dead,  the  first-fruits  of  them 
that  sleep ;  for  since  by  man  came 
death,  by  man  came  also  the  res 
urrection  of  the  dead.  For  as  in 
Adam  all  die,  even  so  in  Christ 
shall  all  be  made  alive. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Short  Responsory. 

The  Lord  is  risen  indeed,  Alleluia, 
Alleluia. 

Answer.  The  Lord  is  risen  in 
deed,  Alleluia. 

Verse.  And  hath  appeared  to 
Simon. 

Answer.     Alleluia,  Alleluia. 


Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  The  Lord  is  risen  in 
deed,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Verse.  3  The  disciples  were  glad, 
Alleluia. 

Answer.  When  they  saw  the 
Lord,  Alleluia. 

After  the  Short  Responsory,  if  the 
Preces  have  been  said  at  Lauds  all  kneel 
down  and  the  following  are  said,  but  if 
the  Preces  have  been  omitted  at  Lauds 
then  these  are  also  omitted,  down  to  the 
mark  *. 

Kyrie  eleison. 

Answer.     Christe  eleison. 

Kyrie  eleison. 

OUR  Father  (inaudibly\  Who  art 
in  heaven,  Hallowed  be  Thy 
Name.  Thy  kingdom  come.  Thy 
will  be  done  on  earth,  as  it  is  in 
heaven.  Give  us  this  day  our  daily 
bread.  And  forgive  us  our  tres 
passes,  as  we  forgive  them  that  tres 
pass  against  us.  (Aloud?) 

Verse.  And  lead  us  not  into 
temptation. 

Answer.  But  deliver  us  from 
evil. 

Verse.  Turn  us  again,  O  Lord 
God  of  hosts  ! 

Answer.  And  cause  Thy  face  to 
shine,  and  we  shall  be  saved. 

Verse.  Arise,  O  Christ,  and  help 
us. 

Answer.  And  deliver  us  for  Thy 
Name's  sake. 

Here  the  Office  is  continued  when  the 
above  has  been  omitted. 


*  Verse. 
Lord. 


Hear     my     prayer,     O 


Ps.  xxi.  22. 


2  Ps.  xxv.  9. 


John  xx.  2O. 


SEXT,   OR   THE   SIXTH    HOUR. 


Answer.     And   let   my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 

Let  us  pray. 

Here  is  said  the  Prayer  for  the  day, 
after  which : 

Verse.      Hear  my  prayer,  O  Lord. 
Answer.     And   let   my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 

Verse.     Bless  we  the  Lord. 
Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

If  the  Little  Office  of  the  Blessed  Vir 
gin  Mary  is  to  follow  immediately,  it 
is  begun  here,  and  what  follows  is  not 
said.  Otherwise  the  Office  ends  thus  : 

Verse  (said  in  a  somewhat  lower 
May  the  souls  of  the  Faithful, 
through  the  mercy  of  God,  rest  in 
peace. 

Answer.     Amen. 


Lastly*,  unless  None  follow,  the  Lord's 
Prayer  is  said  inaudibly. 


Father,  Who  art  in  heaven, 
Hallowed  be  Thy  Name. 
Thy  kingdom  come.  Thy  will  be 
done  on  earth,  as  it  is  in  heaven. 
Give  us  this  day  our  daily  bread. 
And  forgive  us  our  trespasses,  as  we 
forgive  them  that  trespass  against  us. 
And  lead  us  not  into  temptation  ; 
but  deliver  us  from  evil.  Amen. 

Note.  When  Office  is  said  in  Choir 
the  Service  is  ended  with  the  Antiphon 
of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary  every  time 
the  Choir  is  left.  Otherwise  it  is  only 
said  as  given  in  this  book,  at  the  end  of 
Lauds  (or  the  aggregation  of  which 
Lauds  forms  a  part}  and  Compline. 

Feasts.  The  above  Office,  appointed 
for  all  Sundays  and  Week-days  through 
out  the  year,  is  likewise  said  on  all 
Feasts. 


VOL.  in. 


66 


NONE,    OR   THE    NINTH    HOUR.1 


©JRce  for  eberg  tiag  in  tyt 
SEeeft. 

At  the  beginning  of  None  the  Lord's 
Prayer  and  the  Angelic  Salutation  are 
said  inaudibly. 

OUR  Father,  Who  art  in  heaven, 
Hallowed  be  Thy  Name. 
Thy  kingdom  come.  Thy  will  be 
done  on  earth,  as  it  is  in  heaven. 
Give  us  this  day  our  daily  bread. 
And  forgive  us  our  trespasses,  as  we 
forgive  them  that  trespass  against  us. 
And  lead  us  not  into  temptation ; 
but  deliver  us  from  evil.  Amen. 

HAIL,  Mary,  full  of  grace  ;  The 
Lord  is  with   thee :    blessed 
art  thou  among  women,  and  blessed 
is  the  fruit  of  thy  womb,  JESUS. 

Holy  Mary,  Mother  of  God,  pray 
for  us  sinners,  now,  and  at  the  hour 
of  our  death.  Amen. 

Then  is  said  aloud : 

Verse.  *%*  Make  haste,  O  God, 
to  deliver  me. 

Answer.  Make  haste  to  help  me, 
O  LORD. 

Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and  to  the 
Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 


As  it  was  in  the  beginning,  is  now, 
and  ever  shall  be,  world  without  end. 
Amen.  Alleluia. 


From  Septuagesima  Sunday  to 
Maundy  Thursday  instead  of  "Alle 
luia"  is  said: 

Ceaseless  praise  to  Thee  be  given, 
O  Eternal  King  of  heaven. 


HYMN.2 

OGOD,  Unchangeable  and  True, 
Of  all  the  Light  and  Power, 
Dispensing  light  in  silence  through 
Every  successive  hour ; 

Lord,  brighten  our  declining  day, 

That  it  may  never  wane, 
Till  death,  when  all  things  round  decay, 

Brings  back  the  morn  again. 

This  grace  on  Thy  redeemed  confer, 

Father,  Co-equal  Son, 
And  Holy  Ghost,  the  Comforter, 

Eternal  Three  in  One. 

Amen. 


The  last  verse  is  sometimes  said  thus, 
altered  in  honour  of  the  Incarnation  : 

JESU,  the  Virgin-born,  to  Thee, 

Eternal  praise  be  given, 
With  Father,  Spirit,  One  and  Three, 

Here  as  it  is  in  heaven. 

Amen. 


1  The  proper  hour  for  None  is  3  P.M.,  but  in  Choirs  it  varies. 

2  Another  hymn  of  the  Ambrosian  school,  with  one  word  altered, 
late  Card.  Newman. 


Translation  by  the 


NONE,  OR  THE  NINTH  HOUR. 


In  Paschal  time  it  is  said  thus,  al 
tered  in  honour  of  the  Resurrection  : 

To  Father,  Son,  and  Paraclete, 

The  slain  and  risen  Son, 
Be  praise  and  glory,  as  is  meet, 

While  endless  ages  run. 

Amen. 

//  is  also  occasionally  otherwise  al 
tered,  which  occasions  are  marked  in 
their  places. 

Then  follow  six  sections  of  Psalm 
C XVI II.  They  are  all  said  under  one 
Antiphon,  and  when  Five  Antiphons 
have  been  said  at  Lauds,  the  Fifth  of 
these  Five  is  the  Antiphon  at  None. 
Otherwise  those  given  here  are  used. 

Ordinary  Antiphon  for  Sundays 
and  for  every  day  in  Paschal  time. 
Alleluia. 

Ordinary  Antiphon  for  Week-days. 
Look  Thou  upon  me. 

In  Advent  the  Antiphon  is  the  Fifth 
Antiphon  which  has  been  said  at  Lauds 
on  Sunday,  unless  the  day  have  a  set  of 
its  own. 

Antiphon  for  Week-days  in  Lent. 
Let  us  approve  ourselves. 

Antiphon  for  Week-days  in  Pas- 
siontide.  Did  not  they  reward  me 
•evil  for  good  ? 

Continuation  of  Psalm  CXVIII. 

a1 

PHY  testimonies  are  wonderful : 
*  therefore  doth  my  soul  keep 
them. 

The  unfolding  of  Thy  words 
giveth  light :  *  yea,  it  giveth  under 
standing  unto  the  simple. 

I  opened  my  mouth  and  panted  : 
*  for  I  longed  for  Thy  command 
ments. 


Look  Thou  upon  me,  and  be 
merciful  unto  me,  *  as  Thou  usest 
to  do  unto  those  that  love  Thy 
Name. 

Order  my  steps  in  Thy  word  :  * 
and  let  not  any  iniquity  have  do 
minion  over  me. 

Deliver  me  from  the  oppression 
of  man  :  *  and  I  will  keep  Thy 
precepts. 

Make  Thy  face  to  shine  upon 
Thy  servant  :  *  and  teach  me  Thy 
statutes. 

Rivers  of  water  run  down  mine 
eyes  :  *  because  they  keep  not  Thy 
law. 

The  Doxology,  "  Glory  be  to  the 
Father,  &c.,"  is  not  said. 


T3IGHTEOUS  art  Thou,  O 
^^  LORD  :  *  and  upright  are 
Thy  judgments. 

Thy  testimonies  that  Thou  hast 
commanded  are  righteous,  *  and 
very  faithful. 

My  zeal  hath  consumed  me,  * 
because  mine  enemies  have  for 
gotten  Thy  words. 

Thy  word  is  tried  to  the  utter 
most  :  *  and  Thy  servant  loveth  it. 

I  am  small  and  despised  :  *  yet 
do  I  not  forget  Thy  precepts. 

Thy  righteousness  is  an  ever 
lasting  righteousness :  *  and  Thy 
law  is  the  truth. 

Trouble  and  anguish  have  taken 
hold  upon  me :  *  Thy  command 
ments  are  my  delight. 

The  righteousness  of  Thy  testi 
monies  is  everlasting :  *  give  me 
understanding,  and  I  shall  live. 


1  Here  begins  the  letter  Pe,  represented  by  P.  Ph.  F. 

2  Here  begins  the  letter  Tzade,  represented  by  Tz  or  Ts. 


68 


THE   PSALTER. 


Continuation  of  the  same  Psalm. 


P1 


T  CRIED  with  my  whole  heart, 
*•  hear  me,  O  LORD  :  *  I  will 
keep  Thy  statutes. 

I  cried  unto  Thee,  save  me :  * 
and  I  will  keep  Thy  command 
ments. 

Before  the  dawning  of  the  morn 
ing,  I  cried  :  *  for  I  hoped  in  Thy 
word. 

Mine  eyes  look  up  to  Thee 
early  :  *  that  I  may  meditate  in 
Thy  word. 

Hear  my  voice  according  unto 
Thy  loving-kindness,  O  LORD  :  * 
and  quicken  me  according  to  Thy 
judgment. 

They  that  persecute  me  draw  nigh 
to  sin  :  ' '  but  are  far  from  Thy 
law. 

Thou  art  near,  O  LORD  :  *  and 
all  Thy  ways  are  truth. 

Concerning  Thy  testimonies  I 
have  known  of  old  :  *  that  Thou 
hast  founded  them  for  ever. 

The  Doxology,  "  Glory  be  to  the 
Father,  &c.,"  is  not  said. 


/CONSIDER  mine  affliction,  and 
^  deliver  me :  *  for  I  do  not 
forget  Thy  law. 

Give  judgment  concerning  me, 
and  deliver  me  :  *  quicken  me  for 
the  sake  of  Thy  word. 

Salvation  is  far  from  the  wicked : 
*  for  they  seek  not  Thy  statutes. 

Great  are  Thy  tender  mercies,  O 


LORD  :  *  quicken  me  according  to 
Thy  judgments. 

Many  are  my  persecutors,  and 
mine  enemies  :  *  yet  do  I  not  turn 
aside  from  Thy  testimonies. 

I  beheld  the  transgressors,  and 
was  grieved  :  *  because  they  kept 
not  Thy  word. 

Consider  how  I  love  Thy  pre 
cepts,  O  LORD  :  *  quicken  me 
according  to  Thy  loving-kindness. 

Thy  word  is  true  from  the  be 
ginning  :  *  and  every  one  of  Thy 
righteous  judgments  endureth  for 
ever. 

Continuation  of  the  same  Psalm. 


PRINCES    have    persecuted   me 

without  a  cause:  *  but  mine 

heart  standeth  in  awe  of  Thy  word. 

I  will  rejoice  at  Thy  word,  *  as 
one  that  findeth  great  spoil. 

I  hate  and  abhor  wickedness  :  * 
but  Thy  law  do  I  love. 

Seven  times  a  day  do  I  praise 
Thee,  *  because  of  Thy  righteous 
judgments. 

Great  peace  have  they  that  love 
Thy  law  :  *  and  for  them  there  are 
no  stumbling-blocks. 

LORD,  I  hope  for  Thy  salvation  : 

*  and  I  love  Thy  commandments. 
My  soul  hath  kept  Thy  testimonies, 

*  and  loved  them  exceedingly. 

I  have  kept  Thy  precepts  and 
Thy  testimonies  ;  *  for  all  my  ways 
are  before  Thee. 

The  Doxology,  "  Glory  be  to  the 
Father,  &c.,"  is  not  said. 


1  Here  begins  the  letter  Koph,  generally  represented  by  Ch  or  Q. 

2  Here  begins  the  letter  Resh,  analogous  to  R,  but  concerning  the  precise  sound  of 
which  the  learned  are  not  agreed. 

3  Here  begins  the  letter  Shin,  somewhat  represented  by  S  and  Sh. 


NONE,  OR  THE  NINTH  HOUR. 


69 


M1 

T  ET  my  cry  come  near  before 
"  Thee,  O  LORD:  *  give  me 
understanding  according  to  Thy 
word. 

Let  my  supplication  come  before 
Thee:  *  deliver  me  according  to 
Thy  word. 

My  lips  shall  utter  praise,  * 
when  Thou  hast  taught  me  Thy 
statutes. 

My  tongue  shall  speak  of  Thy 
word  :  *  for  all  Thy  commandments 
are  righteousness. 

Let  Thine  hand  help  me  :  *  for  I 
have  chosen  Thy  precepts. 

I  have  longed  for  Thy  salvation, 

0  LORD  :  *  and  Thy  law  is  my  de 
light. 

My  soul  shall  live,  and  it  shall 
praise  Thee :  *  and  Thy  judgments 
shall  help  me. 

I  have  gone  astray  like  a  lost 
sheep :  *  seek  Thy  servant :  for 

1  do    not    forget    Thy    command 
ments. 

Ordinary  Antiphon  for  Sundays. 
Alleluia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Antiphon  for  every  day  in  Paschal 
time.  Alleluia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia,  Al 
leluia. 

Ordinary  Antiphon  for  Week-days. 

2  Look  Thou  upon  me,  O  Lord,  and 
be  merciful  unto  me. 

In  Advent  the  Antiphon  is  the  Fifth 
Antiphon  which  has  been  said  at  Lauds 
on  Sunday,  unless  the  day  have  a  set  of 
its  own. 

Antiphon  for   Week-days  in  Lent. 

3  Let  us  approve  ourselves  in  much 


patience,  by  the  armour  of  righteous 
ness,  by  the  power  of  God. 

Antiphon  for  Week-days  in  Pas- 
siontide.  4  Did  not  they  reward  me 
evil  for  good  ?  for  they  digged  a  pit 
for  my  soul. 

Then  follows  the  Chapter  and  the 
Short  Resppnsory.  When  they  are  not 
given  specially,  one  of  the  following  is 
used.  After  the  Chapter  is  always  an 
swered:  "  Thanks  be  to  God." 

On  Sundays,  from  the  Third  Sunday 
after  the  Epiphany  inclusive  until  Sep- 
tuagesima  Sunday  exclusive,  and  front 
the  Third  Sunday  after  Pentecost  in 
clusive  till  Advent  Sunday  exclusive, 
are  said  the  following,  and  the  Respon- 
sory  is  used  moreover  till  the  First 
Sunday  in  Lent  exclusive. 

CHAPTER,    (i  Cor.  vi.  20.) 

T7OR  ye  are  bought  with  a  great 
price.     Glorify  God,  and  bear 
Him  in  your  body. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Short  Responsory. 

5 1  cried  with  my  whole  heart, 
hear  me,  O  LORD. 

Answer.  I  cried  with  my  whole 
heart,  hear  me,  O  LORD. 

Verse.     I  will  keep  Thy  statutes. 

Answer.     Hear  me,  O  LORD. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  I  cried  with  my  whole 
heart,  hear  me,  O  LORD. 

Verse.  6  Cleanse  Thou  me  from 
secret  faults,  O  Lord. 

Answer.  Preserve  Thy  servant 
also  from  the  sins  of  others. 


1  Here  begins  the  letter  Tau,  corresponding  somewhat  to  T  or  Th. 

2  Ps.  cxviii.  132.  3  2  Cor.  vi.  4,  7. 

5  Ps.  cxviii.  145.  6  Ps.  xviii.  13,  14. 


4  Jer.  xviii.  20. 


THE    PSALTER. 


On  ordinary  Week-days  throughout 
the  year  are  said  the  following: 

CHAPTER,     (i  Cor.  vi.  20.) 

R  ye  are  bought  with  a  great 
price.     Glorify  God,  and  bear 
Him  in  your  body. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Short  Responsory. 

1  Redeem  me,  O  Lord,  and  be 
merciful  unto  me. 

Answer.  Redeem  me,  O  Lord, 
and  be  merciful  unto  me. 

Verse.  For  my  foot  standeth  in 
uprightness. 

Answer.  And  be  merciful  unto 
me. 

'  Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  Redeem  me,  O  Lord, 
and  be  merciful  unto  me. 

Verse.  Cleanse  Thou  me  from 
secret  faults,  O  Lord. 

Answer.  Preserve  Thy  servant 
also  from  the  sins  of  others. 


In  Advent  are  said  the  following  (but 
the  Chapter  on  Week-days  only)  : 

CHAPTER.    (Isa.  xiv.  i.) 

TTER  time  is  near  to  come,  and 
•*•  •*•  her  days  shall  not  be  pro 
longed.  For  the  LORD  will  have 
mercy  on  Jacob,  and  Israel  shall  be 
saved. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Short  Responsory. 

2  The  LORD  shall  arise  upon  thee, 
O  Jerusalem. 


Answer.  The  LORD  shall  arise 
upon  thee,  O  Jerusalem. 

Verse.  And  His  glory  shall  be 
seen  upon  thee. 

Answer.    Upon  thee,  O  Jerusalem. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  The  LORD  shall  arise 
upon  thee,  O  Jerusalem. 

Verse.  Come,  O  Lord,  and  make 
no  tarrying. 

Answer.  Pardon  the  sins  of  Thy 
people. 


In  Lent  are  said  the  following  (but 
the  Chapter  on  Week-days  only)  : 

CHAPTER.    (Isa.  Iviii.  7.) 

DEAL  thy  bread  to  the  hungry, 
and  bring  the  poor  that  are 
cast  out  to  thine  house  :  when  thou 
seest  the  naked,  cover  him,  and 
hide  not  thyself  from  thine  own 
flesh. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Short  Responsory. 

His  truth  shall  be  thy  shield. 

Answer.  His  truth  shall  be  thy 
shield. 

Verse.  Thou  shalt  not  be  afraid 
for  the  terror  by  night. 

Answer.     Thy  shield. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  His  truth  shall  be  thy 
shield. 

Verse.  3  God  hath  given  His 
angels  charge  over  thee. 

Answer.  To  keep  thee  in  all  thy 
ways. 


1  Ps.  xxv.  II,  12. 


2  Isa.  Ix.  2. 


3  Ps.  xc.  ii. 


NONE,  OR  THE  NINTH  HOUR. 


In  Passiontide  are  said  the  following 
(but  the  Chapter  on  Week-days  only}  : 

CHAPTER.    (Jer.  xviii.  20.) 

13  EMEMBER  that  I  stood  before 
**V     Thee,  to  speak  good  for  them, 

and   to   turn  away  Thy  wrath  from 

them. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Short  Responsory. 

1  Make  not  my  soul  to  perish  with 
sinners,  O  God. 

Answer.  Make  not  my  soul  to 
perish  with  sinners,  O  God. 

Verse.  Nor  my  life  with  bloody 
men. 

Answer.  With  sinners,  O  God. 
Make  not  my  soul  to  perish  with 
sinners,  O  God. 

Verse.  2  Deliver  me,  O  LORD, 
from  the  evil  man. 

Ansiver.  Preserve  me  from  the 
wicked  man. 

In  Paschal  time  are  said  the  follow 
ing  (but  the  Chapter  on  Week-days  only]: 

CHAPTER,    (i  Pet.  iii.  18.) 

CHRIST  hath  once   suffered  for 
our  sins,  the  Just  for  the  un 
just,  that  He  might  bring  us  to  God, 
being  put  to  death  in  the  flesh,  but 
quickened  by  the  Spirit. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Short  Responsory. 

3  The  disciples  were  glad.  Al 
leluia,  Alleluia. 

Answer.  The  disciples  were  glad. 
Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Verse.     When  they  saw  the  Lord. 

Answer.     Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Verse.     Glory  be  to  the   Father, 


and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  The  disciples  were  glad. 
Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Verse.  4  Abide  with  us,  Lord. 
Alleluia. 

Answer.  For  it  is  toward  even 
ing.  Alleluia. 

After  the  Short  Responsory,  if  the 
Preces  have  been  said  at  Lands,  all 
kneel  down,  and  the  following  are  said. 
But  if  the  Preces  have  been  omitted  at 
Lauds,  then  these  are  also  omitted  down 
to  the  mark  *. 

Kyrie  eleison. 

Answer.     Christe  eleison. 

Kyrie  eleison. 


Father  (inaudibly),  Who  art 
in  heaven,  Hallowed  be  Thy 
Name.  Thy  kingdom  come.  Thy 
will  be  done  on  earth,  as  it  is  in 
heaven.  Give  us  this  day  our  daily 
bread.  And  forgive  us  our  tres 
passes,  as  we  forgive  them  that  tres 
pass  against  us.  (Aloud.) 

Verse.  And  lead  us  not  into 
temptation. 

Answer.     But  deliver  us  from  evil. 

Verse.  Turn  us  again,  O  Lord 
God  of  hosts. 

Answer.  And  cause  Thy  face  to 
shine,  and  we  shall  be  saved. 

Verse.  Arise,  O  Christ,  and  help 
us. 

Answer.  And  deliver  us  for  Thy 
Name's  sake. 

Here  the  Office  is  continued  when  the 
above  has  been  omitted. 

*  Verse.  Hear  my  prayer,  O 
LORD. 

Answer.  And  let  my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 


1  Ps.  xxv.  9. 


Ps.  cxxxix.  2. 


John  xv.  20. 


4  Luke  xxiv.  29. 


THE   PSALTER. 


Let  us  pray. 

Here  is  said  the  Prayer  for  the  day, 
after  which : 

Verse.      Hear  my  prayer,  O  LORD. 
Answer.     And   let  my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 

Verse.     Bless  we  the  Lord. 
Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

If  the  Little  Office  of  the  Blessed  Vir 
gin  Mary  is  to  follow  immediately,  it 
is  begun  here,  and  what  follows  is  not 
said.  Otherwise  the  Office  ends  thus  : 

Verse  (said  in  a  somewhat  lower 
voice}.  May  the  souls  of  the  Faithful, 
through  the  mercy  of  God,  rest  in 
peace. 

Answer.     Amen. 

Lastly,  unless  Vespers  follow,  the 
Lord^s  Prayer  is  said  inaudibly. 


Father,  Who  art  in  heaven, 
Hallowed  be  Thy  Name. 
Thy  kingdom  come.  Thy  will  be 
done  on  earth,  as  it  is  in  heaven. 
Give  us  this  day  our  daily  bread. 
And  forgive  us  our  trespasses,  as  we 
forgive  them  that  trespass  against 
us.  And  lead  us  not  into  temp 
tation  ;  but  deliver  us  from  evil. 
Amen. 

Note.  When  Office  is  said  in  Choir, 
the  service  is  ended  with  the  Antiphon 
of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary  every  time 
the  Choir  is  left.  Otherwise  it  is  only 
said  as  given  in  this  book,  after  Lauds 
(or  the  aggregation  of  which  Lauds 
forms  a  parf)  and  Compline. 

Feasts.  The  above  Office,  appointed 
for  all  Sundays  and  Week-days  throtigh- 
out  the  year,  is  likewise  said  on  all 
Feasts. 


73 


at  Jftattins. 

THE    SECOND    DAY    OF    THE    WEEK. 


All  as  on  Sundays,  except  as  other 
wise  given  here. 

Invitatory.  O  come,  *  let  us  sing 
unto  the  LORD. 

When  this  Invitatory  is  used  the 
Psalm  begins  with  the  words,  "  Let  us 
make  a  joyful  noise." 

Invitatory  in  Paschal  time.  Al 
leluia,  Alleluia,  *  Alleluia. 

On  Simple  Feasts  the  Invitatory  is 
special. 

On  Simple  Feasts  the  Hymn  is  special, 
but  on  Week-days  kept  as  such  the  fol 
lowing  is  said  from  the  Octave  of  the 
Epiphany  till  the  first  Monday  in  Lent, 
and  from  the  Octave  of  Pentecost  to  Ad 
vent.  The  Hymns  for  the  other  seasons 
are  given  in  the  proper  office  of  the 
Seasons. 

HYMN.1 

CLEEP  has  refreshed  our  limbs,  we 
P     spring 

From  off  our  bed,  and  rise  ; 
Lord,  on  Thy   suppliants   while   they 
sing, 

Look  with  a  Father's  eyes. 

Be  Thou  the  first  on  every  tongue, 

The  first  in  every  heart  ; 
That  all  our  doings  all  day  long, 

Holiest  !  from  Thee  may  start. 

1  Another  hymn  of  the  Ambrosian  school, 
late  Card.  Newman. 
VOL.  III. 


Cleanse  Thou  the  gloom,  and  bid  the 

light 

Its  healing  beams  renew  ; 
The   sins,   which   have   crept   in   with 

night, 
With  night  shall  vanish  too. 

Our  bosoms,  Lord,  unburthen  Thou, 

Let  nothing  there  offend  ; 
That  those  who  hymn  Thy  praises  now 

May  hymn  them  to  the  end. 

Grant  this,  O  Father,  Only  Son, 

And  Spirit,  God  of  grace, 
To  whom  all  worship  shall  be  done 

In  every  time  and  place. 

Amen. 

Only  one  Nocturn  is  said. 

Antiphon.  The  LORD  is  the  de 
fence. 

In  Paschal  time  there  is  only  one 
Antiphon  to  the  whole  Nocturn,  Al 
leluia. 

Psalm  XXVI. 

[Intituled  ' '  Of  David. "  The  Vulgate  and 
the  LXX.  add  "before  his  anointing."  See 
2  Kings  (Sam.)  ii.  4.  Monday,  fifth  week 
after  Pentecost.] 

HHE  LORD  is  my  light  and  my 
**       salvation ;    *    whom    shall    I 
fear? 

The  LORD  is  the  defence  of  my 
life  :  *  of  whom  shall  I  be  afraid  ? 

with  two  words  altered.     Translation  by  the 
C  2 


74 


THE    PSALTER. 


When  the  evil-doers  come  upon 
me,  *  to  eat  up  my  flesh, 

Mine  enemies  that  trouble  me,  * 
they  stumble  and  fall. 

Though  an  host  should  encamp 
against  me,  *  mine  heart  shall  not 
fear. 

Though  war  should  rise  against 
me,  *  in  this  will  I  be  confident. 

One  thing  have  I  desired  of  the 
LORD,  that  will  I  seek  after,  *  that 
I  may  dwell  in  the  house  of  the 
LORD  all  the  days  of  my  life, 

To  behold  the  beauty  of  the 
LORD,  *  and  to  visit  His  temple. 

For  He  hath  hidden  me  in  His 
pavilion  :  *  in  the  secret  of  His 
tabernacle  hath  He  hidden  me  in 
the  day  of  trouble. 

He  hath  set  me  up  upon  a  rock  : 
*  and  now  hath  He  lifted  up  mine 
head  above  mine  enemies. 

I  will  offer  in  His  tabernacle 
the  sacrifice  of  joy  :  *  I  will  sing, 
yea,  I  will  sing  praises  unto  the 
LORD. 

Hear,  O  LORD,  when  I  cry  with 
my  voice  :  *  have  mercy  on  me  and 
answer  me. 

My  heart  said  unto  Thee,  My 
face  hath  sought  Thee  :  *  Thy  face, 
LORD,  will  I  seek. 

Hide  not  Thy  face  far  from 
me  :  *  turn  not  away  in  anger  from 
Thy  servant. 

Be  Thou  mine  Helper,  *  neither 
leave  me,  nor  forsake  me,  O  God  of 
my  salvation. 

When  my  father  and  my  mother 
forsake  me,  *  then  the  LORD  taketh 
me  up. 

Teach  me  Thy  way,  O  LORD  :  * 
and  lead  me  in  a  plain  path,  because 
of  mine  enemies. 

Deliver  me  not  over  unto  the  will 
of  mine  enemies  :  *  for  false  wit 


nesses  are  risen  up  against  me,  and 
iniquity  hath  belied  itself. 

I  believe  that  I  shall  yet  see  the 
goodness  of  the  LORD  *  in  the  land 
of  the  living. 

Wait  on  the  LORD,  be  of  good 
courage  :  *  and  thine  heart  shall  be 
strengthened,  wait,  I  say,  on  the 
LORD. 

Psalm  XXVII. 
[Also  intituled  "  Of  David."] 

UNTO  Thee  will  I  cry,  O  LORD; 
my  God,  be  not  silent  to  me : 

*  lest,  if  Thou  be  silent  to  me,  I  be 
come  like  them  that  go  down  into 
the  pit. 

Hear  the  voice  of  my  supplica 
tion,  O  Lord,  when  I  cry  unto  Thee, 

*  when  I  lift  up  mine  hands  toward 
Thine  holy  temple. 

Draw  me  not  away  with  the  wick 
ed  :  *  and  destroy  me  not  with  the 
workers  of  iniquity. 

Who  speak  peace  with  their 
neighbour :  *  but  mischief  is  in 
their  hearts. 

Give  them  according  to  their 
deeds,  *  and  according  to  the  wick 
edness  of  their  inventions. 

Give  them  after  the  works  of  their 
hands  :  *  render  to  them  their  desert. 

Because  they  regard  not  the  works 
of  the  LORD,  or  the  operation  of  His 
hands,  *  Thou  shalt  destroy  them, 
and  not  build  them  up. 

Blessed  be  the  LORD  :  *  because 
He  hath  heard  the  voice  of  my 
supplication. 

The  LORD  is  my  strength  and  my 
shield  :  *  mine  heart  trusted  in  Him 
and  I  am  holpen. 

And  my  flesh  greatly  rejoiceth  :  * 
and  with  my  whole  heart  I  will 
praise  Him. 


MONDAY   AT    MATTINS. 


75 


The  LORD  is  the  strength  of  His 
people :  *  and  He  is  the  saving 
strength  of  His  Anointed. 

O  Lord,  save  Thy  people,  and 
bless  Thine  inheritance  :  *  and  gov 
ern  them,  and  lift  them  up  for  ever. 

Antiphon.  l  The  LORD  is  the  de 
fence  of  my  life. 

Second  Antiphon.     Worship. 

Psalm  XXVIII. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David."  The 
Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  add  "for  the  going 
forth  from  the  tabernacle,  or  ending  of  the 
tabernacle,"  apparently  meaning  the  con 
clusion  of  the  Feast  of  Tabernacles.] 

IVE  unto  the  LORD,  O  ye  sons 
of  God  :  *  give  unto  the 
Lord  young  rams. 

Give  unto  the  LORD  glory  and 
honour,  give  unto  the  LORD  the 
glory  due  unto  His  Name  :  *  wor 
ship  the  LORD  in  His  holy  courts. 

The  voice  of  the  LORD  is  upon 
the  waters,  the  God  of  glory  thun- 
dereth  :  *  the  LORD  is  upon  many 
waters. 

The  voice  of  the  LORD  is  power 
ful  :  *  the  voice  of  the  LORD  is  full 
of  majesty. 

The  voice  of  the  LORD  breaketh 
the  cedars  :  *  yea,  the  LORD  break 
eth  the  cedars  of  Lebanon. 

He  smiteth  them  down  as  though 
it  were  a  calf  in  Lebanon,  *  and  the 
beloved  [forest  is  felled]  like  a  young 
wild  bull.2 

The  voice  of  the  LORD  forketh 
the  flames  of  fire  :  *  the  voice  of 
the  LORD  shaketh  the  wilderness, 


yea,  the  LORD  also  shaketh  the 
3  wilderness  of  Kadesh. 

The  voice  of  the  LORD  maketh 
the  hinds  to  calve,  and  discovereth 
the  thickets  :  *  and  in  His  temple, 
every  one  uttereth  His  glory. 

The  LORD  fixeth  the  flood  :  *  yea, 
the  LORD  sitteth  King  for  ever. 

The  LORD  will  give  strength  unto 
His  people  :  *  the  LORD  will  bless 
His  people  with  peace. 

Psalm  XXIX. 

[Intituled  "A  song  of  rejoicing  at  the 
opening  of  the  house  of  David."  The  pal 
ace,  for  the  inauguration  of  which  this  song 
was  written,  is  thus  mentioned  in  2.  King's 
(Sam.)  v.  9-i i.  "So  David  dwelt  in  the 
fort"  (on  Sion)  "and  called  it  the  city  of 
David.  And  David  built  round  about  from 
Millo  and  inward.  And  David  went  on, 
and  grew  great ;  and  the  LORD  God  of 
Hosts  was  with  him.  And  Hiram,  King  of 
Tyre,  sent  messengers  to  David,  and  cedar- 
trees,  and  carpenters,  and  masons  ;  and  they 
built  David  an  house."] 

T  WILL  extol  Thee,  O  LORD,  for 
1  Thou  hast  lifted  me  up,  *  and 
hast  not  made  my  foes  to  rejoice 
over  me. 

O  LORD  my  God,  I  cried  unto 
Thee,  *  and  Thou  hast  healed  me. 

O  LORD,  Thou  hast  brought  up 
my  soul  from  the  grave :  *  Thou 
hast  saved  me  from  being  one  of 
them  that  go  down  into  the  pit. 

Sing  unto  the  LORD,  O  ye  Saints 
of  His !  *  and  give  thanks  to  the 
memorial  of  His  holiness. 

For  there  is  terror  in  His  anger  : 

*  and  in  His  favour  is  life. 
Weeping  may  endure  for  a  night  : 

*  but  joy  cometh  in  the  morning. 


1  Ps.  xxvi.  i. 

2  The  Hebrew  is,  ' '  He  also  maketh  them  to  skip  like  a  calf,  Lebanon  and  Shiryon  " 
(oftener  called  Hermon)  "like  young  wild  cattle." 

3  That  is,   the   deserts  to   the  south  of  Palestine,  amid   which  is  found  the  town  of 
Kadesh-Barnea. 


76 


THE    PSALTER. 


And  I,  in  my  prosperity  I  said  : 
I  shall  never  be  moved. 

LORD,  in  Thy  favour,  *  Thou  hast 
made  my  glory  to  stand  so  fast. 

Thou  didst  hide  Thy  face  from 
me,  *  and  I  was  troubled. 

I  cried  unto  Thee,  O  LORD  :  * 
and  unto  my  God  I  made  supplica 
tion  : 

What  profit  is  there  in  my  blood, 
*  when  I  go  down  to  corruption  ? 

Shall  the  dust  praise  Thee,  *  or 
shall  it  declare  Thy  truth? 

The  LORD  heard  me,  and  had 
mercy  upon  me  :  *  the  LORD  be 
came  mine  Helper. 

Thou  hast  turned  for  me  my 
mourning  into  rejoicing :  '  Thou 
hast  put  off  my  sackcloth,  and 
girded  me  with  gladness. 

To  the  end  that  my  glory  may 
sing  praise  unto  Thee,  and  may  not 
be  silent :  *  O  LORD  my  God,  I  will 
give  thanks  unto  Thee  for  ever. 

Antiphon.  l  Worship  the  LORD 
in  His  holy  courts. 

Third  Antiphon.      Deliver  me. 


Psalm  XXX. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David"  with  the 
same  farther  superscription  as  Pss.  xii.  xiii. 
The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  add  "  of  haste  " 
or  "  distraction,"  meaning  apparently  that 
David  wrote  it,  on  recovering  from  the 
mental  condition  in  which  he  had  exclaimed 
(v.  23),  "  I  am  cut  off  from  before  Thine 
eyes. "] 

IN  Thee,  O  LORD,  do  I  put  my 
trust,  let  me  never  be  ashamed  : 
*  deliver  me  in  Thy  righteousness. 

Bow  down  Thine  ear  unto  me  :  * 
deliver  me  speedily. 

Be  Thou  to   me   a   God,  a   Pre 


server,  and  an  house  of  defence,  * 
to  save  me. 

For  Thou  art  my  strength  and 
my  refuge  :  *  and  for  Thy  Name's 
sake  Thou  wilt  lead  me  and  nourish 
me. 

Thou  wilt  pull  me  out  of  the  net, 
that  they  have  laid  privily  for  me  :  * 
for  Thou  art  my  Preserver. 

2  Into  Thine  hands  I  commend  my 
spirit :  *  Thou  hast  redeemed  me, 
O  LORD  God  of  truth  ! 

I  have  hated  them  that  regard  * 
lying  vanities. 

But  I  trust  in  the  LORD  :  *  I  will 
be  glad  and  rejoice  in  Thy  mercy. 

For  Thou  hast  considered  my 
trouble  :  *  Thou  hast  saved  my  soul 
in  adversity ; 

And  hast  not  shut  me  up  into  the 
hand  of  the  enemy  :  *  Thou  hast 
set  my  feet  in  a  wide  place. 

Have  mercy  upon  me,  O  LORD, 
for  I  am  in  trouble:  *  mine  eye  is 
consumed  with  grief,  my  soul,  and 
my  belly. 

For  my  life  is  spent  with  grief,  * 
and  my  years  with  sighing. 

My  strength  faileth  because  of 
mine  affliction,  *  and  my  bones  are 
consumed. 

I  was  a  reproach  among  all  mine 
enemies,  and  among  my  neighbours 
specially,  *  and  a  fear  to  mine  ac 
quaintance. 

They  that  did  see  me  without  fled 
from  me :  *  I  am  forgotten  as  a 
dead  man  out  of  mind. 

I  am  like  a  broken  vessel :  *  for 
I  have  heard  the  slander  of  many 
on  every  side  : 

When  they  took  counsel  together 
against  me,  *  they  devised  to  take 
away  my  life. 


1  Ps.  xxviii.  2. 

2  This  verse  was  quoted  by  our  Lord  on  the  Cross,  Luke  xxiii.  46. 


MONDAY   AT    MATTINS. 


77 


But  I  trusted  in  Thee,  O  LORD  : 
*  I  said :  Thou  art  my  God,  my 
lot  is  in  Thine  hand. 

Deliver  me  from  the  hand  of 
mine  enemies,  *  and  from  them  that 
persecute  me. 

Make  Thy  face  to  shine  upon  Thy 
servant,  save  me  in  Thy  mercy  :  * 
let  me  not  be  ashamed,  O  LORD,  for 
I  have  called  upon  Thee. 

Let  the  wicked  be  ashamed  and 
let  them  go  down  into  the  grave  :  * 
let  the  lying  lips  be  put  to  silence ; 

Which  speak  grievous  things 
proudly  and  contemptuously  * 
against  the  righteous. 

O    how  great    is    Thy   goodness, 

0  Lord,  *  which  Thou  hast  laid  up 
for  them  that  fear  Thee ! 

Which  Thou  hast  wrought  for 
them  that  trust  in  Thee,  *  before 
the  sons  of  men ! 

Thou  shalt  hide  them  in  the 
covert  of  Thy  presence  *  from  the 
troubling  of  men. 

Thou  shalt  keep  them  secretly  in 
Thy  pavilion  *  from  the  strife  of 
tongues. 

Blessed  be  the  LORD  :  *  for  He 
hath  showed  me  His  marvellous 
kindness  in  a  strong  city. 

For  I  said  in  mine  haste :  *  I 
am  cut  off  from  before  Thine 
eyes. 

Nevertheless  Thou  heardest  the 
voice  of  my  supplication,  *  when 

1  cried  unto  Thee. 

O  love  the  LORD,  all  ye  His 
Saints  :  *  for  the  LORD  loveth  truth 
fulness,  and  will  plentifully  reward 
the  proud  doers. 

Be  of  good  courage  and  let  your 
heart  be  strengthened,  *  all  ye  that 
hope  in  the  LORD. 


Psalm  XXXI. 
[Intituled  "A  didactic  (?)  poem  of  David."] 

1DLESSED  are  they  whose  trans- 
*-*  gressions  are  forgiven,  *  and 
whose  sins  are  covered. 

Blessed  is  the  man  unto  whom 
the  LORD  imputeth  not  iniquity,  * 
and  in  whose  spirit  there  is  no  guile. 

Because  I  kept  silence,  my  bones 
waxed  old,  *  while  I  groaned  all  the 
day  long. 

For  day  and  night  Thine  hand  was 
heavy  upon  me :  *  I  turned  in  mine 
anguish  while  the  thorn  was  fastened 
in  me.1 

I  acknowledged  my  sin  unto 
Thee  :  *  and  mine  iniquity  I  hid 
not. 

I  said :  I  will  confess  against 
myself  my  transgression,  unto  the 
LORD  :  *  and  Thou  forgavest  the 
iniquity  of  my  sin.1 

For  this  shall  every  one  that  is 
godly  pray  unto  Thee,  *  in  a  season 
able  time. 

Surely  in  the  floods  of  great 
waters,  *  they  shall  not  come  nigh 
unto  him. 

Thou  art  mine  hiding-place  from 
the  trouble  that  compasseth  me  :  * 
O  Thou  That  art  my  joy !  deliver 
me  from  them  that  compass  me 
round  about.1 

I  will  give  thee  understanding, 
and  teach  thee  in  the  way  which 
thou  shalt  go  :  *  I  will  keep  Mine 
eyes  upon  thee. 

Be  ye  not  as  the  horse  and  as 
the  mule,  *  which  have  no  under 
standing. 

Whose  mouths  thou  holdest  fast 
with  bit  and  bridle,  *  else  they  will 
not  come  unto  thee. 


1  SLH. 


THE   PSALTER. 


Many  sorrows  shall  be  to  the 
wicked  :  *  but  he  that  trusteth  in 
the  LORD,  mercy  shall  compass  him 
about. 

Be  glad  in  the  LORD,  and  rejoice, 
ye  righteous,  *  and  shout  for  joy, 
all  ye  that  are  upright  in  heart. 

Antiphon.  l  Deliver  me  in  Thy 
righteousness. 

Fourth  Antiphon.   Praise  is  comely. 

Psalm  XXXII. 

[The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  ascribe  this 
psalm  "  to  David."] 

13  EJOICE  in  the  LORD,  O  ye 
*^  righteous  :  *  praise  is  comely 
for  the  upright. 

Praise  the  LORD  with  harp :  * 
sing  unto  Him  with  the  psaltery 
of  ten  strings. 

Sing  unto  Him  a  new  song :  * 
play  skilfully  unto  Him  with  a  loud 
noise. 

For  the  word  of  the  LORD  is 
right :  *  and  all  His  works  are  done 
in  truth. 

He  loveth  mercy  and  judgment :  * 
the  earth  is  full  of  the  goodness  of 
the  LORD. 

By  the  word  of  the  LORD  were 
the  heavens  made,  *  and  all  the 
host  of  them  by  the  breath  of  His 
mouth. 

He  gathereth  the  waters  of  the 
sea  together  as  an  heap :  *  He  lay- 
eth  up  the  depths  in  storehouses. 

Let  all  the  earth  fear  the  LORD  : 

*  let  all  the  inhabitants  of  the  world 
stand  in  awe  of  Him. 

For  He  spake,  and  it  was  done  : 

*  He  commanded,  and  it  was  made. 
The   LORD   bringeth   the   counsel 


of  the  heathen  to  nought :  *  He 
maketh  the  devices  of  the  people  of 
none  effect,  and  setteth  aside  the 
counsel  of  princes. 

But  the  counsel  of  the  LORD 
standeth  for  ever,  *  the  thoughts  of 
His  heart  to  all  generations. 

Blessed  is  the  nation  whose  God 
is  the  LORD,  *  the  people  He  hath 
chosen  for  His  own  inheritance. 

The  LORD  looketh  from  heaven  : 

*  He  beholdeth  all  the  sons  of  men. 
From  the  set  place  of  His  habi 
tation   *   He  looketh   upon  all  the 
inhabitants  of  the  earth. 

He  fashioneth  the  heart  of  every 
one  of  them  :  *  He  considereth  all 
their  works. 

There  is  no  king  saved  by  the  mul 
titude  of  an  host:  *  a  mighty  man  is 
not  delivered  by  much  strength. 

An  horse  is  a  vain  thing  for  safety : 

*  by  his  great  strength  he  shall  not 
escape. 

Behold,  the  eyes  of  the  LORD  are 
upon  them  that  fear  Him,  *  and 
upon  them  that  hope  in  His  mercy. 

To  deliver  their  soul  from  death, 

*  and  to  feed  them  in  time  of  famine. 

Our  soul  waiteth  for  the  LORD  :  * 
for  He  is  our  help  and  our  shield. 
For  our  heart  shall  rejoice  in  Him : 

*  because  we  have  trusted  in   His 
holy  Name. 

Let  Thy  mercy,  O  LORD,  be  upon 
us,  *  according  as  we  hope  in  Thee. 

Psalm  XXXI 1 1. 

[Intituled  "Of  David,  when  he  changed 
his  behaviour  before  Abimelech,  who  drove 
him  away  and  he  departed."  This  incident 
is  thus  described  in  I  Kings  (Sam.)  xxi.  10. 
"  And  David  arose  and  fled  that  day  for  fear 
of  Saul,  and  went  to  Achish"  (otherwise 
called  Abimelech)  ' '  the  King  of  Gath.  And 


1  Ps.  xxx.  2. 


MONDAY    AT   MATTINS. 


79 


the  servants  of  Achish  said  unto  him  :  Is 
not  this  David  the  King  of  the  land  ?  Did 
they  not  sing  one  to  another  of  him  in 
dances  saying,  '  Saul  hath  slain  his  thou 
sands,  and  David  his  ten  thousands '  ?  And 
David  laid  up  these  words  in  his  heart,  and 
was  sore  afraid  of  Achish  the  King  of  Gath. 
And  he  changed  his  behaviour  before  them, 
and  feigned  himself  mad  in  their  hands, 
and  scrabbled  on  the  doors  of  the  gate,  and 
let  his  spittle  fall  down  upon  his  beard. 
Then  said  Achish  to  his  servants  :  Lo,  ye 
see  the  man  is  mad  ;  wherefore  have  you 
brought  him  to  me  ?  Have  I  need  of  mad 
men,  that  ye  have  brought  this  fellow  to 
play  the  madman  in  my  presence?  Shall 
this  fellow  come  into  mine  house  ?  xxii. 
David  therefore  departed  thence,  and  es 
caped  to  the  cave  of  Adullam."  This  Psalm 
is  A  B  C  Darian.] 

T  WILL  bless  the  LORD  at  all 
*•  times  :  *  His  praise  shall  con 
tinually  be  in  my  mouth. 

My  soul  shall  make  her  boast  in 
the  LORD  :  *  the  humble  shall  hear 
thereof,  and  be  glad. 

0  magnify  the  LORD  with  me  :  * 
and  let  us  exalt  His  Name  together. 

1  sought  the  LORD,  and  He  heard 
me,  *  and  delivered  me  from  all  my 
distress. 

Draw  near  unto  Him,  and  be  light 
ened,  *  and  your  faces  shall  not  be 
ashamed. 

This  poor  man  cried,  and  the 
LORD  heard  him,  *  and  saved  him 
out  of  all  his  troubles. 

The  angel  of  the  LORD  encampeth 
round  about  them  that  fear  Him,  * 
and  delivereth  them. 

O  taste  and  see  that  the  LORD  is 
good :  *  blessed  is  the  man  that 
trusteth  in  Him. 

O  fear  the  LORD,  all  ye  His  Saints : 

*  for  there  is  no  want  to  them  that 
fear  Him. 

The  mighty  lack  and  suffer  hunger : 

*  but  they  that  seek  the  LORD  shall 
not  want  any  good  thing. 


Come,  ye  children,  hearken  unto 
me  :  *  I  will  teach  you  the  fear  of 
the  LORD. 

What  man  is  he  that  desireth  life, 

*  that  loveth  to  see  good  days  ? 
Keep  thy  tongue  from  evil,  *  and 

thy  lips  from  speaking  guile. 

Depart  from  evil  and  do  good  :  * 
seek  peace  and  pursue  it. 

The  eyes  of  the  LORD  are  upon 
the  righteous  :  *  and  His  ears  are 
open  unto  their  cry. 

But  the  face  of  the  LORD  is  against 
them  that  do  evil,  *  to  cut  off  the 
remembrance  of  them  from  the  earth. 

The  righteous  cry  and  the  LORD 
heareth,  *  and  delivereth  them  out 
of  all  their  troubles. 

The  LORD  is  nigh  unto  them  that 
are  of  a  broken  heart,  *  and  saveth 
such  as  be  of  a  contrite  spirit. 

Many  are  the  afflictions  of  the 
righteous  :  *  but  the  LORD  will  de 
liver  them  out  of  all. 

The  Lord  keepeth  all  their  bones : 

*  not  one  of  them  shall  be  broken. 
The  death  of  sinners  is  grievous  : 

*  and  they  that  hate  the  righteous 
shall  be  guilty. 

The  LORD  redeemeth  the  souls  of 
His  servants  :  *  and  none  of  them 
that  trust  in  Him  shall  be  guilty. 

Antiphon.  l  Praise  is  comely  for 
the  upright. 

Fifth  Antiphon.  Fight  against 
them. 

Psalm  XXXIV. 
[Intituled  "  Of  David."] 

me  right,  O  LORD,  against 
them  that  strive  with  me  :  * 
fight  against  them  that  fight  against 
me. 


Ps.  xxxii.  I. 


8o 


THE    PSALTER. 


Take  hold  of  arms  and  buckler  :  * 
and  stand  up  for  mine  help. 

Draw  out  also  the  spear,  and  stop 
the  way  against  them  that  persecute 
me  :  *  say  unto  my  soul :  I  am  thy 
salvation. 

Let  them  be  confounded  and  put 
to  shame,  *  that  seek  after  my  soul. 

Let  them  be  turned  backward  and 
brought  to  confusion,  *  that  devise 
mine  hurt. 

Let  them  be  as  dust  before  the 
wind  :  *  and  let  the  Angel  of  the 
LORD  drive  them. 

Let  their  way  be  dark  and  slip 
pery  :  *  and  let  the  Angel  of  the 
LORD  chase  them. 

For  without  cause  have  they  hid 
den  for  me  the  deadly  trap  of  their 
net :  *  without  cause  have  they 
digged  a  pit  for  my  soul. 

Let  the  snare  come  upon  him  at 
unawares,  and  let  his  net,  that  he 
hath  hid,  catch  himself:  *  and  into 
that  very  snare  let  him  fall. 

And  my  soul  shall  be  joyful  in 
the  LORD  :  *  it  shall  rejoice  in  His 
salvation. 

All  my  bones  shall  say  :  *  LORD, 
who  is  like  unto  Thee  ? 

Who  deliverest  the  poor  from 
them  that  are  too  strong  for  him,  * 
the  poor  and  the  needy  from  them 
that  spoil  him? 

False  witnesses  did  rise  up,  *  they 
laid  to  my  charge  things  that  I  knew 
not. 

They  rewarded  me  evil  for  good, 

*  to  put  all  men  far  off  from  me. 
But  as  for  me,  when   they  were 

sick,  *  my  clothing  was   sackcloth. 
I  humbled  my  soul  with  fasting  : 

*  and  my  prayer   shall   return   into 
mine  own  bosom. 

I  behaved   myself  as   though   he 
1  (Literally,)  " 


had  been  my  friend  or  brother  :  *  I 
bowed  down  as  one  that  mourneth 
and  is  heavy. 

But  against  me  they  rejoiced  and 
gathered  themselves  together :  * 
slanders  were  collected  against  me, 
and  I  knew  it  not. 

They  disappeared,  yet  they  ceased 
not ;  they  assailed  me,  they  laughed 
me  bitterly  to  scorn  :  *  they  gnashed 
upon  me  with  their  teeth. 

Lord,  how  long  wilt  Thou  look 
on?  *  Rescue  my  soul  from  their 
destruction,  my  darling l  from  the 
lions. 

I  will  give  Thee  thanks  in  the 
great  congregation  :  *  I  will  praise 
Thee  among  much  people. 

Let  not  them  that  are  mine  ene 
mies  wrongfully  rejoice  over  me,  * 
they  that  hate  me  without  a  cause 
and  wink  with  the  eye. 

For  they  spoke  to  me  peaceably  : 
*  but  by  their  leasing  they  stirred 
up  the  land  to  anger  against  me,  yea, 
they  plotted  against  me. 

Yea,  they  opened  their  mouth 
wide  against  me  :  *  they  said,  Aha, 
Aha,  our  eyes  have  seen  it. 

This  Thou  hast  seen,  O  LORD, 
keep  not  silence  :  *  O  Lord,  be  not 
far  from  me. 

Stir  up  Thyself,  and  awake  to  my 
judgment,  *  unto  my  cause,  my  God 
and  my  Lord. 

Judge  me,  O  LORD  my  God, 
according  to  Thy  righteousness,  * 
and  let  them  not  rejoice  over  me. 

Let  them  not  say  in  their  hearts  : 
Aha,  Aha,  so  would  we  have  it ;  * 
neither  let  them  say :  We  have 
swallowed  him  up. 

Let  them  be  ashamed  and  brought 
to  confusion  together,  *  that  rejoice 
at  mine  hurt, 
mine  only  one." 


MONDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


81 


Let  them  be  clothed  with  shame 
and  dishonour,  *  that  magnify  them 
selves  against  me. 

Let  them  shout  fof  joy  and  be 
glad,  that  favour  my  righteous  cause : 
*  and  let  them  that  have  pleasure 
in  the  prosperity  of  His  servant 
say  continually,  Let  the  LORD  be 
magnified. 

And  my  tongue  shall  speak  of 
Thy  righteousness  ;  *  of  Thy  praise, 
all  the  day  long. 

Psalm  XXXV. 

[Intituled  "  Of  David,  the  servant  of  the 
LORD," — and  a  farther  superscription  not 
now  understood.] 

r  I  ^HE  wicked  saith  plainly  in  his 
*•  own  heart,  that  he  will  go  on 
still  in  sin  :  *  there  is  no  fear  of 
God  before  his  eyes. 

For  he  flattereth  himself  in  his 
own  eyes,  **  until  his  iniquity  be 
found  hateful. 

The  words  of  his  mouth  are  ini 
quity  and  deceit :  *  he  willeth  not 
to  understand,  that  he  may  do 
good. 

He  deviseth  mischief  upon  his 
bed  :  *  he  setteth  himself  in  every 
way  that  is  not  good,  but  he  ab- 
horreth  not  evil. 

Thy  mercy,  O  LORD,  is  in  the 
heavens :  *  and  Thy  faithfulness 
reacheth  unto  the  clouds. 

Thy  righteousness  is  like  the 
mountains  of  God :  *  Thy  judg 
ments  are  a  great  deep. 

O  LORD,  Thou  preservest  man 
and  beast :  *  How  excellent  is  Thy 
loving-kindness,  O  God ! 

And  the  children  of  men  *  shall 
put  their  trust  under  the  shadow  of 
Thy  wings. 


They  shall  be  abundantly  satisfied 
with  the  fatness  of  Thine  house,  *  and 
Thou  shalt  make  them  drink  of  the 
river  of  Thy  pleasures. 

For  with  Thee  is  the  fountain  of 
life  :  *  and  in  Thy  light  shall  we  see 
light. 

O  continue  Thy  loving-kindness 
unto  them  that  know  Thee,  *  and 
Thy  righteousness  to  the  upright  in 
heart. 

Let  not  the  foot  of  pride  come 
against  me  :  *  and  let  not  the  hand 
of  the  wicked  remove  me. 

There  are  the  workers  of  iniquity 
fallen  :  *  they  are  cast  out,  neither 
are  they  able  to  stand. 

Antiphon.     1  Fight   against    them 
that  fight  against  me. 
Sixth  Antiphon.     Show. 

Psalm  XXXVI. 

[Intituled  "Of  David."  It  is  A  B  C 
Darian  ;  the  first,  third,  and  fifth  verses,  and 
so  on,  begin  with  the  corresponding  letters 
of  the  alphabet.] 

T7RET  not  thyself  because  of  the 
evil-doers  :  *  neither  be  thou 
envious  against  the  workers  of 
iniquity. 

For  they  shall  soon  dry  up  like 
the  grass,  *  and  wither  quickly  as 
the  green  herb. 

Trust  in  the  LORD,  and  do  good  : 
*  and  dwell  in  the  land,  and  thou 
shalt  be  fed  with  the  riches  thereof. 

Delight  thyself  in  the  LORD  :  * 
and  He  shall  give  thee  the  desires 
of  thine  heart. 

Show  thy  way  unto  the  LORD, 
trust  also  in  Him  :  *  and  He  shall 
bring  it  to  pass. 

And    He    shall    bring    forth    thy 


1  Ps.  xxxiv.  I. 


82 


THE   PSALTER. 


righteousness  as  the  light,  and  thy 
judgment  as  the  noon-day  :  *  rest  in 
the  LORD,  and  make  thy  prayer  unto 
Him. 

Fret  not  thyself  because  of  him 
that  prospereth  in  his  way,  *  be 
cause  of  the  man  that  bringeth 
wicked  devices  to  pass. 

Cease  from  anger  and  forsake 
wrath  :  *  fret  not  thyself  to  do  evil. 

For  evil-doers  shall  be  cut  off:  * 
but  those  that  wait  upon  the  LORD, 
they  shall  inherit  the  earth. 

For  yet  a  little  while,  and  the 
wicked  shall  not  be :  *  yea,  thou 
shalt  search  for  his  place,  and  thou 
shalt  not  find  it. 

1  But  the  meek  shall  inherit  the 
earth  :  *  and  shall  delight  themselves 
in  the  abundance  of  peace. 

The  wicked  plotteth  against  the 
just,  *  and  gnasheth  upon  him  with 
his  teeth. 

But  the  Lord  shall  laugh  at  him  : 

*  for    He    seeth    that    his    day    is 
coming. 

The  wicked  have  drawn  out  the 
sword,  *  they  have  bent  their  bow, 

To  cast  down  the  poor  and  the 
needy,  *  to  slay  such  as  be  upright 
of  heart. 

Their  sword  shall  enter  into  their 
own  hearts  :  *  and  their  bow  shall  be 
broken. 

A  little  that  a  righteous  man  hath 

*  is  better  than  great  riches  of  the 
wicked. 

For  the  arms  of  the  wicked  shall 
be  broken ;  *  but  the  LORD  up- 
holdeth  the  righteous. 

The  LORD  knoweth  the  days  of 
the  undefiled  :  *  and  their  inheri 
tance  shall  be  for  ever. 

They  shall  not  be  ashamed  in  the 

evil  time,  and  in  the  days  of  famine 

1  Matth.  v.  4  seems 


they   shall    be   satisfied :    *   for    the 
wicked  shall  perish. 

Yea,  the  enemies  of  the  LORD, 
no  sooner  than  they  be  honourable 
and  exalted,  *  shall  pass  away,  yea, 
pass  away  like  smoke. 

The  wicked  borroweth  and  pay- 
eth  not  again :  *  but  the  righteous 
showeth  mercy  and  giveth. 

For  such  as  bless  him  shall  in 
herit  the  earth :  *  but  they  that 
curse  him  shall  be  cut  off. 

The  steps  of  a  [good]  man  are 
ordered  by  the  LORD  :  *  and  He  de- 
lighteth  in  his  way. 

Though  he  fall,  he  shall  not  be 
utterly  cast  down  :  *  for  the  LORD 
upholdeth  him  with  His  hand. 

I  have  been  young,  and  now  am 
old :  *  yet  have  I  not  seen  the 
righteous  forsaken,  nor  his  seed 
begging  bread. 

He  is  ever  merciful  and  lendeth  : 
*  and  his  seed  shall  be  blessed. 

Depart  from  evil  and  do  good  :  * 
and  dwell  for  evermore. 

For  the  LORD  loveth  judgment, 
and  forsaketh  not  His  saints  :  *  they 
shall  be  preserved  for  ever. 

The  unrighteous  shall  be  pun 
ished  :  *  and  the  seed  of  the  wicked 
shall  be  cut  off. 

But  the  righteous  shall  inherit  the 
land  :  *  and  dwell  therein  for  ever. 

The  mouth  of  the  righteous  speak- 
eth  wisdom,  *  and  his  tongue  talketh 
judgment. 

The  law  of  his  God  is  in  his 
heart,  *  none  of  his  steps  shall 
slide. 

The  wicked  watcheth  the  right 
eous,  *  and  seeketh  to  slay  him. 

But  the  LORD  will  not  leave  him 
in   his  hands,   *  nor  condemn  him 
when  he  is  judged, 
to  be  quoted  from  this. 


MONDAY  AT   MATTINS. 


Wait  on  the  LORD  and  keep  His 
way,  and  He  shall  exalt  thee,  to  in 
herit  the  land  :  *  when  the  wicked 
are  cut  off  thou  shalt  see  it. 

I  have  seen  the  wicked  in  great 
power,  *  and  exalted  like  a  cedar  in 
Lebanon. 

And  I  passed  by,  and,  lo,  he  was 
not :  *  and  I  sought  him,  and  his 
place  was  not  found. 

Keep  innocency,  and  look  to  the 
thing  that  is  right :  *  for  the  peace 
maker  shall  have  a  reward  here 
after. 

But  the  transgressors  shall  be  cut 
off  together  :  *  the  end  of  the  wicked 
is  destruction. 

But  the  salvation  of  the  righteous 
is  of  the  LORD  :  *  and  He  is  their 
strength  in  the  time  of  trouble. 

And  the  LORD  shall  help  them, 
and  deliver  them  :  *  He  shall  de 
liver  them  from  the  wicked,  and 
save  them,  because  they  trust  in 
Him. 

Psalm  XXXVII. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David."  It  has 
a  further  superscription  of  (now)  unknown 
meaning.  The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  con 
nect  it  with  the  Sabbath.] 

LORD,  rebuke  me  not  in  Thy 
wrath,  *  neither  chasten  me 
in  Thine  hot  displeasure. 

For  Thine  arrows  stick  fast  in 
me  :  *  and  Thou  hast  laid  Thine 
hand  heavily  upon  me. 

There  is  no  soundness  in  my 
flesh,  because  of  Thine  anger  :  * 
neither  is  there  any  rest  in  my  bones 
because  of  my  sins. 

For  mine  iniquities  are  gone  over 
mine  head  :  *  and  as  an  heavy  bur 
then  they  are  too  heavy  for  me. 

My  wounds  stink  and  are  cor 
rupt,  *  because  of  my  foolishness. 


I  am  troubled  and  bowed  down 
exceedingly :  *  I  go  mourning  all 
the  day  long. 

For  my  loins  are  filled  with  a 
loathsome  disease :  *  and  there  is 
no  soundness  in  my  flesh. 

I  am  feeble  and  sore  broken  :  * 
I  groan  aloud  by  reason  of  the  dis- 
quietness  of  mine  heart. 

Lord,  all  my  desire  is  before 
Thee  :  *  and  my  groaning  is  not  hid 
from  Thee. 

Mine  heart  panteth,  my  strength 
faileth  me :  *  as  for  the  light  of 
mine  eyes,  it  also  is  gone  from 
me. 

My  friends  and  my  neighbours  * 
draw  near,  and  stand  over  against 
me. 

And  they  that  are  nearest  to  me 
stand  afar  off:  *  they  also  that 
sought  after  my  life  have  used 
violence  against  me. 

And  they  that  seek  mine  hurt  have 
spoken  mischievous  things,  *  and 
imagined  falsehoods  all  the  day 
long. 

But  I,  as  a  deaf  man,  hear  not,  * 
and  as  a  dumb  man  that  openeth 
not  his  mouth. 

Thus  I  was  as  a  man  that  heareth 
not,  *  and  in  whose  mouth  are  no 
reproofs. 

For  in  Thee,  O  LORD,  do  I 
hope  :  *  Thou  wilt  hear  me,  O  Lord 
my  God ! 

For  I  said  :  Let  not  mine  ene 
mies  rejoice  over  me  :  *  when  my 
feet  slip  they  magnify  themselves 
against  me. 

For  I  am  ready  for  the  scourges  : 

*  and  my  sorrow  is  continually  be 
fore  me. 

For  I  will  declare  mine  iniquity, 

*  and  think  upon  my  sin. 

But  mine  enemies  are  lively,  and 


84 


THE    PSALTER. 


they  are  strengthened  against  me  :  * 
and  they  that  hate  me  wrongfully 
are  many. 

They  that  render  evil  for  good 
speak  against  me,  *  because  I  have 
followed  goodness. 

Forsake  me  not,  O  LORD  my 
God  :  *  be  not  far  from  me. 

Make  haste  to  help  me,  *  O 
Lord  God  of  my  salvation  ! 

Antiphon.  l  Show  thy  way  unto 
the  LORD. 

Antiphon  for  Paschal  time.  Al 
leluia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Then  is  said  a  Verse  and  Answer. 
In  Advent. 

Verse.  2  Out  of  Zion,  the  Perfec 
tion  of  beauty, 

Answer.  Our  God  shall  come 
manifestly. 

During  the  rest  of  the  year. 

Verse.  3  Thy  mercy,  O  LORD,  is 
in  the  heavens. 

Answer.  And  thy  faithfulness 
reacheth  unto  the  clouds. 

In  Lent. 

Verse.  4  He  hath  delivered  me 
from  the  snare  of  the  fowler. 

Answer.  And  from  the  noisome 
pestilence. 

In  Passion  time. 

Verse.  5  O  God,  deliver  my  soul 
from  the  sword. 

Answer.  And  my  darling  from 
the  power  of  the  dog. 


1  Ps.  xxxvi.  5. 
4  Ps.  xc.  3. 
7  Ps.  viii.  6,  7. 


2  Ps.  xlix. 
5  Ps.  xxi. 
8  Ps.  xxxi, 


In  Paschal  time. 

Verse.  The  Lord  is  risen  from 
the  grave,  Alleluia. 

Answer.  Who  hung  for  us  upon 
the  tree,  Alleluia. 

The  rest  is  the  same  as  the  First  Noc- 
turn  of  the  preceding  Sunday,  only  the 
Lessons  and  sometimes  the  Responsories 
are  those  of  the  day. 

Simple  Feasts.  It  is  to  be  remem 
bered  that  when  a  Simple  Feast  is  kept 
on  Monday,  the  Invitatory  and  Hymn 
are  of  the  Feast,  being  taken  from  the 
Common  of  Saints  of  the  class,  unless 
specially  given.  Then  the  Psalms  and 
Antiphons  of  the  week-day,  as  given 
above.  Then  is  said  a  Verse  and 
Answer  as  follow  : 

In  the  Simple  Office  for  one  or  many 
Martyrs  in  Paschal  time. 

Verse.  O  ye  saints  and  right 
eous,  rejoice  in  the  Lord,  Alleluia. 

Answer.  Q  God  hath  chosen  you 
for  His  own  inheritance.  Alleluia. 

In  the  Simple  Office  for  one  Martyr 
{out  of  Paschal  time}. 

Verse.  7  Thou  hast  crowned  him 
with  glory  and  honour,  O  Lord. 

Answer.  And  madest  him  to 
have  dominion  over  the  works  of 
Thine  hands. 

In  the  Simple  Office  for  many  Martyrs 
(put  of  Paschal  time). 

Verse.  8  Be  glad  in  the  LORD, 
and  rejoice,  ye  righteous. 

Answer.  And  shout  for  joy,  all 
ye  that  are  upright  in  heart. 

In  the  Simple  Office  for  Confessors 
(whether  Bishops  or  not}. 

Verse.  9  The  Lord  loved  him  and 
beautified  him. 

[In  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 

2,  3.  3  Ps.  xxxv.  6. 

21.  6  Ps.  xxxii.  12. 

,11.  9  Ecclus.  xlv.  9. 


MONDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


Answer.  And  clothed  him  with 
a  robe  of  glory. 

[/#  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 

///  the  Simple  Office  for  one  Holy 
Woman,  of  any  class. 

Verse.  1  In  thy  comeliness  and 
thy  beauty. 

[In  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 

Answer.  Go  forward,  fare  pros 
perously  and  reign. 

[/;/  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 

The  others,  as  well  as  what  follows, 
to  the  end  of  the  service,  are  taken  from 
the  First  Nocturn  of  the  Office  Common 
to  Saints  of  the  class,  unless  something 
special  be  appointed.  The  Lessons  are 
arranged  according  to  the  rules  in 
Chapter  xxvi.  4,  of  the  general  Rubrics. 
The  Hymn,  "We  praise  Thee,  O  God," 
is  said  at  the  end,  instead  of  a  third 
Responsory.  The  Responsories  are 
arranged  according  to  the  rules  in 
Chapter  xxvii.  4,  of  the  general  Rubrics. 
Thus  :  — 

The  Lord's  Prayer  is  said  : 


Father  (inaudibly],  Who  art 
in  heaven,  Hallowed  be  Thy 
Name.  Thy  kingdom  come.  Thy 
will  be  done  on  earth,  as  it  is  in 
heaven.  Give  us  this  day  our  daily 
bread.  And  forgive  us  our  tres 
passes,  as  we  forgive  them  that  tres 
pass  against  us.  (Aloud.) 

Verse.  And  lead  us  not  into 
temptation. 

Answer.  But  deliver  us  from 
evil. 

Then  this  Absolution  : 

/^RACIOUSLY  hear,  O  Lord 
^^  Jesus  Christ,  the  prayers  of 
Thy  servants,  and  have  mercy 
upon  us  :  Who  livest  and  reignest 


with    the    Father,    and    the     Holy 
Ghost,  world  without  end. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Then  the  Reader  says  : 

Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 
ing. 

First  Blessing,  if  the  Lesson  be  from 
Scripture. 

May  the  Eternal  Father  bless  us 
With  an  everlasting  blessing. 
Answer.     Amen. 

First  Blessing,  if  the  Lesson  be  of  an 
Homily. 

May  the  Gospel's  saving  Lord 
Bless  the  reading  of  His  Word. 
Answer.     Amen. 

First  Blessing  on  a  Simple  Feast. 

May  His  blessing  be  upon  us 
Who  doth  live  and  reign  for  ever. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Then  is  read  the  First  Lesson  from 
Scripture  or  from  the  Homily,  or  on  a 
Simple  Feast  either  the  First  from 
Scripture,  or,  if  the  Saint  or  Saints 
have  two  Lessons,  the  whole  three  from 
Scripture  read  together  as  one. 

Then  the  First  Responsory,  unless 
otherwise  directed.  On  a  week-day  kept 
as  such,  this  is  the  First  Responsory  of 
the  preceding  Sunday.  On  a  Simple 
Feast,  the  first  Responsory  in  the  Com 
mon  Office  for  the  class  to  which  the 
Saint  belongs. 

Then  the  Reader  says : 
Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 


ing. 


Second  Blessing,  if  the  Lesson  be  of 
Scripture. 

May  the  Son  the  Sole-begotten 
In  His  mercy  bless  and  help  us. 
Answer.      Amen. 


Ps.  xliv.  5. 


86 


THE    PSALTER. 


Second  Blessing,  if  the  Lesson  be  from 
an  Homily. 


God's  most  mighty  strength  alway 
Be  His  people's  staff  and  stay. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Second  Blessing,  for  a  Simple  Feast. 

He  (or  she  or  they)  whose  feast-day 

we  are  keeping 
Plead  for  us  before  the  Lord. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Then  is  read  the  Second  Lesson,  either 
from  Scripture  or  from  an  Homily,  or 
on  a  Simple  Feast  either  the  Seco?id 
and  Third  Lessons  from  Scripture 
read  together  as  one,  or  if  the  Saint 
or  Saints  have  two  Lessons,  the  first 
of  these. 

Then  the  Second  Responsory,  unless 
otherwise  directed.  On  a  week-day  kept 
as  such,  this  is  the  Second  Responsory 
of  the  preceding  Sunday,  but  in  Paschal 
time  there  is  added  to  it  : 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 


And  the  Answer  of  the 
repeated  agai7i. 


onsory  is 


On  a  Simple  Feast  the  Second  Res 
ponsory  in  the  Common  Office  for  the 
class  to  which  the  Saint  belongs,  with 
the  addition  of  "Glory  be"  to  the 
Father,"  &>£.,  and  the  repetition  of 
the  Answer. 

The?i  the  Reader  says  : 

Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 
ing. 

Third  Blessing,  if  the  Lesson  be  of 
Scripture. 

May  the  grace  of  God  the  Spirit 
All  our  heart  and  mind  enlighten. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Third  Blessing,  for  a  Simple  Feast,  or 
if  the  Lesson  be  from  an  Homily. 

May  He  That  is  the  Angels'  King 
To  that  high  realm  His  people  bring. 
Answer.      Amen. 

Then  is  read  the  Third  Lesson  either 
from  Scripture,  or  of  the  Homily,  or  on 
Simple  Feasts  the  Second  or  only  Lesson 
of  the  Saint. 

Then,  on  Simple  Feasts  and  on  any 
day  in  Paschal  time  is  said  the  Hym?i, 
"We  praise  Thee,  O  God."  But  on 
week-days  kept  as  such  out  of  Paschal 
time  the  Third  Responsory  of  the  pre 
ceding  Sunday. 


})    lit   JJ 

THE    SECOND    DAY    OF    THE    WEEK. 


All  as  on  Sunday,  except  as  other 
wise  given  here. 

The  Psaluis  are  as  follows  : 
Antiphon.     Have  mercy. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used,  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words,  "  Upon  me,  O 
God." 

Psalm  L. 

[This  Psalm  has  a  musical  (?)  superscrip 
tion,  and  the  title  then  proceeds,  "A  Psalm 
of  David,  when  Nathan  the  Prophet  came 
unto  him,  after  he  had  gone  in  to  Bath- 
sheba."  The  whole  history  is  in  2  Kings 
(Sam.)  xi.  xii.  (Saturday,  5th  week  after 
Pentecost,  and  6th  Sunday.)] 

HAVE  mercy  upon  me,  O  God, 
*  after  Thy  great  mercy  : 

And  according  to  the  multitude 
of  Thy  tender  mercies  *  blot  out  my 
transgressions. 

Wash  me  thoroughly  from  mine 
iniquity  :  *  and  cleanse  me  from  my 
sin. 

For  I  acknowledge  my  trans 
gression  :  *  and  my  sin  is  ever 
before  me. 

Against  Thee,  Thee  only,  have  I 
sinned,  and  done  evil  in  Thy  sight : 
*  that  Thou  mightest  be  justified 
when  Thou  speakest,  and  be  clear 
when  Thou  art  judged. 


For  behold,  I  was  shapen  in  in 
iquity  :  *  and  in  sin  did  my  mother 
conceive  me. 

For  behold  Thou  desirest  truth  : 

*  the  hidden  secrets  of  Thy  wisdom 
Thou  hast  made  manifest  unto  me. 

Sprinkle  me  with  hyssop,  and  I 
shall  be  clean  :  *  wash  me,  and  I 
shall  be  whiter  than  snow. 

Make  me  to  hear  joy  and  glad 
ness  :  *  that  the  bones  which  Thou 
hast  broken  may  rejoice. 

Hide  Thy  face  from  my  sins  :  * 
and  blot  out  all  mine  iniquities. 

Create  in  me  a  clean  heart,  O 
God :  *  and  renew  a  right  spirit 
within  me. 

Cast  me  not  away  from  Thy 
presence :  *  and  take  not  Thine 
holy  Spirit  from  me. 

Restore  unto  me  the  joy  of  Thy 
salvation :  *  and  uphold  me  with 
Thy  free  Spirit. 

Then  will  I  teach  transgressors 
Thy  ways  :  *  and  sinners  shall  be 
converted  unto  Thee. 

Deliver  me  from  blood-guiltiness, 
O  God,  Thou  God  of  my  salvation  : 

*  and  my  tongue  shall  sing  aloud  x 
of  Thy  righteousness. 

O   LORD,   open  Thou  my  lips,   * 


1  So  the  Hebrew,  the  LXX. ,  and  all  the  versions,  including  Doway,  but  the   Latin 
text  has  the  curious  mistake  of  exultabit  for  exaltabit. 


88 


THE   PSALTER. 


and  my  mouth  shall  show  forth  Thy 
praise. 

For  Thou  desirest  not  sacrifice, 
else  would  I  give  it :  *  Thou  de- 
lightest  not  in  burnt-offering. 

The  sacrifice  of  God  is  a  broken 
spirit :  *  a  broken  and  a  contrite 
heart,  O  God,  Thou  wilt  not  despise. 

Do  good  in  Thy  good  pleasure 
unto  Zion  :  *  to  build  the  walls  of 
Jerusalem. 

Then  shalt  Thou  be  pleased  with 
the  sacrifices  of  righteousness,  with 
burnt-offering  and  whole  burnt-offer 
ing  :  *  then  shall  they  offer  bullocks 
upon  Thine  altar. 

Antiphon.  Have  mercy  upon  me, 
O  God. 

Second  Antiphon.     Consider. 

Psalm  V. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David,"  with  a 
musical  (?)  superscription.] 

GIVE    ear    unto    my    words,    O 
LORD,   *  consider  my  suppli 
cation. 

Hearken  unto  the  voice  of  my  cry, 

*  my  King  and  my  God ! 

For  unto  Thee  will  I  pray.  *  O 
LORD,  in  the  morning  Thou  shalt 
hear  my  voice  : 

In  the  morning  will  I  stand  before 
Thee  and  look  up.  *  For  Thou  art 
not  a  God  that  hath  pleasure  in 
wickedness  : 

Neither  shall  the  evil  dwell  with 
Thee,  *  nor  the  unrighteous  stand 
in  Thy  sight : 

Thou  hatest  all  workers  of  iniquity. 

*  Thou  shalt  destroy  all  them  that 
speak  leasing : 

The  LORD  abhorreth  the  bloody 
and  deceitful  man.  *  But  as  for  me, 
in  the  multitude  of  Thy  mercy 


I  will  come  into  Thine  house  :  * 
I  will  worship  toward  Thine  holy 
temple  in  Thy  fear. 

Lead  me,  O  LORD,  in  Thy 
righteousness,  *  because  of  mine 
enemies ;  make  my  way  straight 
before  Thy  face. 

For  there  is  no  faithfulness  in 
their  mouth :  *  their  inward  part 
is  very  wickedness. 

Their  throat  is  an  open  sepulchre ; 
they  flatter  with  their  tongue.  * 
Judge  Thou  them,  O  God! 

Let  them  fall  by  their  own  coun 
sels  ;  cast  them  out  in  the  multi 
tude  of  their  transgressions,  *  for 
they  have  rebelled  against  Thee,  O 
Lord! 

And  let  all  those  that  put  their 
trust  in  Thee,  rejoice  :  *  let  them 
ever  shout  for  joy,  because  Thou 
dwellest  in  them  : 

Let  them  also  that  love  Thy  Name 
be  joyful  in  Thee.  *  For  Thou  wilt 
bless  the  righteous. 

O  LORD,  Thou  hast  compassed 
us  *  with  Thy  favour  as  with  a 
shield. 

Antiphon.  Consider  my  suppli 
cation,  O  Lord. 

Third  Antiphon.  O  God,  Thou 
art  my  God. 

If  this  Antiphon  is  used,  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words,  "Early  will  I 
seek  Thee." 

Psalms  LXIL,  LXVI. 

O  God,  Thou  art  my  God,  &c. 
(A  23). 

Antiphon.  O  God,  Thou  art  my 
God,  early  will  I  seek  Thee. 

Fourth  Antiphon.  Thine  anger 
is  turned  away. 


MONDAY   AT   LAUDS. 


89 


THE  SONG  OF  ISAIAH  THE  PROPHET. 

[Isa.  xii.  i.  The  description  of  the  res 
toration  of  Israel  in  Isa.  xi.  (Second  Sun 
day  in  Advent)  is  continued  to  the  end 
of  that  Chapter,  and  this  Song  is  then 
introduced  by  the  words,  "And  in  that 
day  thou  shalt  say  : — "] 

LORD,  I  will  praise  Thee, 
though  Thou  wast  angry  with 
me,  *  Thine  anger  is  turned  away, 
and  Thou  comfortest  me. 

Behold,  God  is  my  salvation  :  * 
I  will  trust  and  not  be  afraid  : 

For  the  LORD  is  my  strength 
and  my  song :  *  He  also  is  become 
my  salvation. 

Therefore  with  joy  shall  ye  draw 
water  out  of  the  wells  of  the  Saviour: 
*  and  in  that  day  shall  ye  say : 
Praise  the  LORD  and  call  upon  His 
Name ! 

Declare  His  doings  among  the 
people,  *  tell  them  that  His  Name 
is  exalted. 

Sing  unto  the  LORD,  for  He  hath 
done  glorious  things :  *  make  ye 
this  known  in  all  the  earth. 

Cry  aloud  and  shout,  thou  inhabi 
tant  of  Zion  :  *  for  great  is  the 
Holy  One  of  Israel  in  the  midst  of 
thee ! 

Antiphon.     Thine  anger  is  turned 
away,  and  Thou  comfortest  me. 
Fifth  Antiphon.     Praise  ye. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used,  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  -words  "the  LORD 
from  the  heavens." 

Psalms  CXLVIII.,  CXLIX.,  CL. 

Praise  ye  the  LORD  from  the 
heavens,  &c.  (pp.  25,  26). 

Antiphon.  Praise  ye  the  LORD 
from  the  heavens. 


From  Advent  Sunday  till  the  Octave 
of  the  Epiphany  and  from  the  First 
Sunday  in  Lent  till  the  Octave  of  Pente 
cost  special  Chapters  are  given.  At 
other  times  the  following  is  said  on  all 
week-days  observed  as  such. 

CHAPTER.     (Rom.  xiii.  12.) 

HP  HE  night  is  far  spent,  the  day 
*-  is  at  hand  :  let  us  therefore 
cast  off  the  works  of  darkness,  and 
let  us  put  on  the  armour  of  light : 
let  us  walk  honestly  as  in  the  day. 

HYMN.1 

OF  the  Father  Effluence  bright, 
Out  of  Light  evolving  light, 
Light  from  Light,  unfailing  Ray, 
Day  creative  of  the  day. 

Truest  Sun,  upon  us  stream 
With  Thy  calm  perpetual  beam, 
In  the  Spirit's  still  sunshine 
Making  sense  and  thought  divine. 

Seek  we  too  the  Father's  face, 

Father  of  almighty  grace, 

And  of  majesty  excelling, 

Who  can  purge  our  tainted  dwelling  ; 

Who  can  aid  us,  who  can  break 
Teeth  of  envious  foes,  and  make 
Hours  of  loss  and  pain  succeed, 
Guiding  safe  each  duteous  deed. 

And,  infusing  self-control, 
Fragrant  chastity  of  soul, 
Faith's  keen  flame  to  soar  on  high, 
Incorrupt  simplicity. 

Christ  Himself  for  food  be  given, 
Faith  become  the  cup  of  heaven, 
Out  of  which  the  joy  is  quaff  d 
Of  the  Spirit's  sobering  draught. 

With  that  joy  replenished 
Morn  shall  glow  with  modest  reel, 
Noon  with  beaming  face  be  bright, 
Eve  be  soft  without  twilight. 

It  has  dawned  :— upon  our  way, 
Father,  in  Thy  Word,  this  day, 
In  Thy  Father,  Word  Divine, 
From  Thy  cloudy  pillar  shine. 


1  Another  hymn  of  the  Ambrosian  school,   slightly  altered.     Translation  by   the   late 
Card.   Newman. 


THE   PSALTER. 


To  the  Father  and  the  Son, 
And  the  Spirit,  Three  and  One, 
As  of  old,  and  as  in  heaven, 
Now  and  here  be  glory  given. 

Amen. 

Verse.  1  Thou  hast  satisfied  us 
early  with  Thy  mercy. 

Answer.  We  rejoice  and  are 
glad. 

Antiphonfor  the  Songof  Zacharias. 
Blessed  *  be  the  Lord  God  of  Israel. 

After  the  repetition  of  the  Antiphon 
after  the  Song  of  Zacharias^  on  the 
"week-days  of  Advent  and  Lent,  the 
Ember  Days,  and  all  Vigils  which  are 
fasts  except  Christmas  Eve  and  the 
Eve  and  Ember  Days  of  Pentecost,  all 
kneel  down,  and  the  following  prayers 
called  the  Preces  are  said : 

Kyrie  eleison. 

Answer.     Christe  eleison. 

Kyrie  eleison. 

Then  the  Lord's  Prayer  is  said  aloud. 

OUR  Father,  Who  art  in  heaven, 
Hallowed  be  Thy  Name.  Thy 
kingdom  come.  Thy  will  be  done 
on  earth,  as  it  is  in  heaven.  Give 
us  this  day  our  daily  bread.  And 
forgive  us  our  trespasses,  as  we  for 
give  them  that  trespass  against  us. 
And  lead  us  not  into  temptation ; 

Answer.     But  deliver  us  from  evil. 

Verse.  2  I  said  :  LORD,  be  mer 
ciful  unto  me. 

Answer.  Heal  my  soul,  for  I 
have  sinned  against  Thee. 

Verse.  3  Return,  O  LORD,  how 
long? 

Answer.  And  let  it  repent  Thee 
concerning  Thy  servants. 


Verse.  4  Let  Thy  mercy,  O  LORD, 
be  upon  us. 

Answer.  According  as  we  hope 
in  Thee. 

Verse.  5  Let  Thy  priests  be 
clothed  with  righteousness. 

Answer.  And  let  Thy  saints 
shout  for  joy. 

Verse.     6  O  LORD,  save  the  King. 

Answer.  And  hear  us  in  the  day 
when  we  call  upon  Thee. 

Verse.  7  O  LORD,  save  Thy  peo 
ple,  and  bless  Thine  inheritance. 

Answer.  And  govern  them,  and 
lift  them  up  for  ever. 

Verse.  8  Remember  Thy  congre 
gation. 

Answer.  Which  Thou  hast  pur 
chased  of  old. 

Verse.  9  Peace  be  within  thy 
walls. 

Answer.  And  prosperity  within 
thy  palaces. 

Verse.  Let  us  pray  for  the  faith 
ful  departed. 

Answer.  O  Lord,  grant  them 
eternal  rest,  and  let  the  everlasting 
light  shine  upon  them  ! 

Verse.      May  they  rest  in  peace. 

Answer.     Amen. 

Verse.  Let  us  pray  for  our  ab 
sent  brethren. 

Answer.  10  O  Thou  my  God, 
save  Thy  servants  that  trust  in 
Thee. 

Verse.  Let  us  pray  for  the  sor 
rowful  and  the  captives. 

Answer.  u  Redeem  them,  O  God 
of  Israel,  out  of  all  their  troubles. 

Verse.  12  O  Lord,  send  them  help 
from  the  sanctuary. 


1  Ps.  Ixxxix.  14.  2  Ps.  xl.  5.  3  Ps.  Ixxxix.  13. 

4  Ps.  xxxii.  22.  5  Ps.  cxxxi.  9. 

6  Ps.  xix.  10.     This  verse  never  varies,  whatever  the  form  of  government. 

7  Ps.  xxvii.  9.  8  Ps.  Ixxiii.  2.  9  Ps.  cxxi.  7. 
10  Ps.  Ixxxv.  2.                                       n  Ps.  xxiv.  22.                              12  Ps.  xix.  3. 


MONDAY   AT   LAUDS. 


Answer.  And  strengthen  them 
out  of  Zion. 

Verse.    Hear  my  prayer,  O  LORD. 

Answer.  And  let  my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 

Psalm  CXXIX. 

[Intituled  "A  Song  of  Degrees."  The 
meaning  of  this  title  is  not  certain.  The 
Psalms  so  called  may  perhaps,  like  the 
•"Graduals"  of  the  Roman  Liturgy,  be 
"step-songs,"  intended  to  be  sung  during 
processions,  Liturgical  or  of  pilgrims.] 

OUT  of  the  depths  have  I  cried 
unto  Thee,  O  LORD  !  *  Lord, 
hear  my  voice. 

Let  Thine  ears  be  attentive  *  to 
the  voice  of  my  supplication. 

If  Thou,  LORD,  shouldest  mark 
iniquities,  *  O  Lord,  who  shall 
stand  ? 

But  there  is  forgiveness  with 
Thee  :  *  because  of  Thy  law,  I  wait 
for  Thee,  O  LORD  ! 

My  soul  waiteth  on  His  word  :  * 
my  soul  hopeth  in  the  Lord. 

From  the  morning  watch  even 
until  night  *  let  Israel  hope  in  the 
LORD  : 

For  with  the  LORD  there  is  mercy, 
J  and  with  Him  is  plenteous  re 
demption. 

And  He  shall  redeem  Israel,  * 
from  all  his  iniquities. 

Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and  to 
the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

As    it   was    in    the   beginning,   is 


now,  and  ever  shall  be,  world  with 
out  end.  Amen. 

Verse.  1  Turn  us  again,  O  LORD 
God  of  hosts  ! 

Answer.  And  cause  Thy  face  to 
shine,  and  we  shall  be  saved. 

Verse.  2  Arise,  O  Christ,  and 
help  us. 

Answer.  And  deliver  us  for  Thy 
Name's  sake. 

Verse.    Hear  my  prayer,  O  LORD. 

Answer.  And  let  my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 

Let  us  pray. 

Then  follows  the  Prayer  of  the  Day. 

All  proceeds  to  the  end  of  the  service 
as  on  Sunday,  except  that  when  Suf 
frages  are  said,   the  following  is  said 
before  the  Commemoration  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin  Mary. 

Commemoration  of  the  Cross. 

Antiphon.  Through  Thy  Cross's 
holy  sign,  JESUS,  guard  this  soul  of 
mine,  from  my  ghostly  enemy. 

Verse.  3  Let  all  the  earth  worship 
Thee,  and  sing  unto  Thee. 

Answer.  Let  them  sing  praises 
unto  Thy  Name,  O  Lord ! 

Let  us  pray. 

OLORD,  we  beseech  Thee,  keep 
us  in  continual  peace,  whom 
it  hath  pleased  Thee  to  redeem  by 
the  tree  of  the  Holy  Cross. 


1  Ps.  Ixxix.  2O. 


Ps.  xliii.  26. 


Ps.  Ixv.  4. 


at  Jftattin*. 

THE  THIRD  DAY  OF  THE  WEEK. 


All  as  on  Sunday,  except  as  other 
wise  given  here. 

Invitatory.  Let  us  make  a  joyful 
noise  to  *  the  God  of  our  salvation. 

Invitatory  in  Paschal  time.  Alle 
luia,  Alleluia,  *  Alleluia. 

On  Simple  Feasts  the  Invitatory  is 
special. 

On  Simple  Feasts  the  Hymn  is 
special,  but  on  Week-days  kept  as  such 
the  following  is  said  from  the  Octave 
of  the  Epiphany  till  the  first  Tuesday 
in  Lent,  and  from  the  Octave  of  Pente 
cost  till  Advent.  The  Hymns  for  the 
other  Seasons  are  given  in  the  proper 
Office  of  the  Seasons. 

HYMN.1 

OGOD  from  God,  and  Light  from 
Light, 

Who  art  Thyself  the  Day, 
Our  chants  shall  break  the  clouds  of 

night  ; 
Be  with  us  while  we  pray. 

Chase  Thou  the  gloom  that  haunts  the 

mind, 

The  thronging  shades  of  hell, 
The  sloth  and  drowsiness  that  bind 
The  senses  with  a  spell. 

Lord,  to  their  sins  indulgent  be, 
Who,  in  this  hour  forlorn, 
By  faith  in  what  they  do  not  see, 
With  songs  prevent  the  morn. 

1  Another  hymn  of  the  Ambrosian  school. 


Grant  this,  O  Father,  Only  Son, 
And  Spirit,  God  of  grace, 
To  Whom  all  worship  shall  be  done 
In  every  time  and  place. 

Amen. 

Only  one  Nocturn  is  said. 
Antiphon.     That  I  sin  not. 

In  Paschal  time  there  is  only  one  An 
tiphon  to  the  whole  Nocturn,  Alleluia. 

Psalm  XXXVIII. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David,"  with  a 
farther  notice  of  meaning  now  uncertain. 
It  is  addressed  to  Jeduthun,  concerning 
whom  it  is  said,  in  I  Par.  (Chron.)  xvi.  42, 
that  David  appointed,  along  with  the  Priests 
who  officiated  before  the  Ark,  "Heman 
and  Jeduthun,  and  the  rest  that  were  chosen, 
who  are  expressed  by  name,  to  give  thanks 
to  the  LORD,  because  His  mercy  endureth 
for  ever.  And  with  them  Heman  and 
Jeduthun,  with  trumpets  and  cymbals,  for 
those  that  should  make  a  sound,  and  with 
musical  instruments  of  God. "  The  Targum 
says  that  it  was  to  be  used  by  Jeduthun  for 
his  watch  in  the  Sanctuary.] 

T  SAID:  I  will  take  heed  unto 
*  my  ways,  *  that  I  sin  not  with 
my  tongue. 

I  kept  a  watch  upon  my  mouth,  *• 
while  the  wicked  stood  up  against 
me. 

I  was  dumb,  and  humbl.ed  myself, 
I  held  my  peace  even  from  good  : 

Translation  by  the  late  Card.  Newman. 


TUESDAY   AT    MATTINS. 


93 


*    and    my   sorrow   was    stirred    up 
afresh. 

Mine   heart  was  hot  within  me  : 

*  and  while  I  was  musing  the  fire 
kindled. 

I  spake  with  my  tongue  :  *  LORD, 
make  me  to  know  mine  end ; 

And  the  measure  of  my  days 
what  it  is ;  *  that  I  may  know  how 
frail  I  am. 

Behold,  Thou  hast  made  my  days 
as  a  span  :  *  and  mine  age  is  as 
nothing  before  Thee. 

Verily  every  man  living  *  is 
altogether  vanity.1 

Surely  every  man  flitteth  by  like 
a  shade  :  *  he  is  disquieted  also  in 
vain. 

He  heapeth  up  riches,  *  and 
knoweth  not  who  shall  gather  them. 

And  now  for  what  wait  I  ?  Is  it 
not  for  the  Lord  ?  *  and  mine  hope 
is  with  Thee. 

Deliver  me  from  all  my  transgres 
sions  :  *  Thou  hast  given  me  for  a 
reproach  unto  the  foolish. 

I  was  dumb  and  opened  not  my 
mouth,  because  Thou  didst  it :  * 
remove  Thy  strokes  away  from  me. 

I  am  consumed  by  the  blow  of 
Thine  hand  :  *  Thou,  with  rebukes 
dost  correct  man  for  iniquity. 

And  Thou  makest  his  beauty  to 
consume  away  like  a  spider's  web  : 

*  surely  every  man  is  disquieted  in 
vain.1 

Hear  my  prayer,  O  LORD,  and  my 
cry :  *  give  ear  unto  my  tears. 

Hold  not  Thy  peace  :  for  I  am  a 
stranger  with  Thee,  and  a  sojourner, 

*  as  all  my  fathers  were. 

O  spare  me,  that  I  may  recover 
strength,  before  I  go  hence,  *  and 
be  no  more. 


Psalm  XXXIX. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David  "  and  with 
the  same  (now)  uncertain  superscription  as 
Ps.  xii.] 

T  WAITED  patiently  for  the 
*  LORD,  *  and  He  inclined  unto 
me, 

And  heard  my  cry :  *  He  brought 
me  up  also  out  of  an  horrible  pit, 
and  out  of  the  miry  clay. 

And  set  my  feet  upon  a  rock ;  * 
and  ordered  my  goings. 

And  He  hath  put  a  new  song  in 
my  mouth,  *  even  praise  unto  our 
God. 

Many  shall  see  it,  and  fear,  *  and 
shall  trust  in  the  LORD. 

Blessed  is  that  man  whose  trust 
is  the  Name  of  the  LORD  :  *  and 
who  respecteth  not  pride  and  lying 
vanities. 

Many,  O  LORD  my  God,  are  Thy 
wonderful  works  which  Thou  hast 
done  :  *  and  in  Thy  thoughts  there 
is  none  like  unto  Thee. 

If  I  would  declare  and  speak  of 
them,  *  they  are  more  than  can  be 
numbered. 

Sacrifice  and  offering  Thou  hast 
not  desired;  *  but  mine  ears  hast 
Thou  opened. 

Burnt-offering  and  sin-offering  hast 
Thou  not  required  :  *  then  said  I  : 
Lo,  I  come. 

In  the  beginning  of  the  book  it  is 
written  of  me  that  I  should  fulfil 
Thy  will:  *  O  my  God,  I  delight 
to  do  it,  yea,  Thy  law  is  within  mine 
heart. 

I  have  preached  Thy  righteous 
ness  in  the  great  congregation  :  *  lo, 
I  have  not  refrained  my  lips :  O 
LORD,  Thou  knowest. 


1  SLH 


94 


THE   PSALTER. 


I  have  not  hidden  Thy  righteous 
ness  within  mine  heart :  *  I  have 
declared  Thy  faithfulness  and  Thy 
salvation. 

I  have  not  concealed  Thy  loving- 
kindness,  and  Thy  truth  *  from  the 
great  congregation. 

Withhold  not  Thou  Thy  tender 
mercies  from  me,  O  LORD  :  *  let 
Thy  loving-kindness  and  Thy  truth 
continually  preserve  me. 

For  countless  evils  have  com 
passed  me  about :  *  mine  iniquities 
have  taken  hold  upon  me,  and  I  am 
not  able  to  look  up. 

They  are  more  in  number  than 
the  hairs  of  mine  head  :  *  and  mine 
heart  faileth  me. 

Be  pleased,  O  LORD,  to  deliver 
me  :  *  O  LORD,  look  upon  me  to 
help  me. 

Let  them  be  ashamed  and  con 
founded  together  that  seek  after  my 
soul,  *  to  destroy  it. 

Let  them  be  driven  backward, 
and  put  to  shame,  *  that  wish  me 
evil. 

Let  them  quickly  bear  their 
shame,  *  that  say  unto  me  :  Aha, 
Aha. 

Let  all  those  that  seek  Thee  re 
joice  and  be  glad  in  Thee  :  *  and 
let  such  as  love  Thy  salvation  say 
continually :  The  LORD  be  mag 
nified. 

But  I  am  poor  and  needy  :  *  the 
Lord  thinketh  upon  me. 

Thou  art  mine  Helper  and  my 
Deliverer :  *  make  no  tarrying,  O 
God. 

Antiphon.  l  That  I  sin  not  with 
my  tongue. 

Second  Antiphon.     Heal. 


Psalm  XL. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David,"  with 
some  other  words,  of  meaning  now  un 
certain,  as  in  some  other  Psalms.] 

1DLESSED  is  he  that  considereth 
*-*  the  poor  and  needy :  *  the 
LORD  will  deliver  him  in  time  of 
trouble. 

The  LORD  preserve  him,  and 
quicken  him,  and  make  him  to  be 
blessed  upon  the  earth  :  *  and  de 
liver  him  not  unto  the  will  of  his 
enemies ! 

The  LORD  strengthen  him  upon 
his  bed  of  suffering !  *  Thou  hast 
made  all  his  bed  in  his  sickness. 

As  for  me,  I  said :  LORD,  be 
merciful  unto  me  :  *  heal  my  soul, 
for  I  have  sinned  against  Thee. 

Mine  enemies  speak  evil  of  me  : 
*  When  shall  he  die,  and  his  name 
perish  ? 

If  he  came  to  see  me  he  spake 
vanity  :  *  his  heart  gathereth  iniquity 
to  itself. 

He  went  out,  *  and  told  it. 

All  they  that  hate  me  whispered 
together  against  me  :  *  against  me 
did  they  devise  mine  hurt. 

They  plotted  together  to  do  me 
evil :  *  Now  that  he  lieth,  surely  he 
shall  rise  up  no  more. 

Yea,  mine  own  familiar  friend  in 
whom  I  trusted,  *  who  did  eat  of 
my  bread,  hath  lifted  up  his  heel 
against  me.2 

But  Thou,  O  LORD,  be  merciful 
unto  me,  and  raise  me  up  :  *  and  I 
will  requite  them. 

By  this  I  know  that  Thou  de- 
lightest  in  me :  *  because  mine 
enemy  cannot  triumph  over  me. 

But  as  for  me,  Thou  upholdest 


1  Ps.  xxxviii.  2. 


Quoted  by  our  Lord.     John  xiii.  18. 


TUESDAY  AT   MATTINS. 


95 


me,  because  of  mine  innocence  :  * 
and  settest  me  before  Thy  face  for 
ever. 

Blessed  be  the  LORD  God  of 
Israel  from  everlasting,  and  to 
everlasting.  *  Amen,  Amen.1 

Psalm  XLI. 

[This  Psalm  has  a  superscription,  the 
meaning  of  which  is  not  now  certain,  but 
which  seems  in  part  to  imply  that  it  was  a 
didactic  poem  written  to  be  sung  by  the 
choir  of  the  Korahites,  a  family  of  Levites 
and  singers  in  the  time  of  David.] 

AS    the    hart    panteth    after    the 
water -brooks  :    *   so   panteth 
my  soul  after  Thee,  O  God! 

My  soul  is  athirst  for  God,  for 
the  mighty  God,  for  the  living  God  : 

*  when   shall   I   come   and   appear 
before  God? 

My  tears  have  been  my  meat  day 
and  night,  *  while  they  daily  say 
unto  me  :  Where  is  thy  God  ? 

When  I  remember  these  things, 
I  pour  out  my  soul  in  me  :  *  for 
I  will  go  unto  the  place  of  the 
wondrous  Tabernacle,  even  unto 
the  house  of  God. 

With  the  voice  of  joy  and  praise, 

*  the  noise  of  a  multitude  that  keep 
holiday. 

Why  art  thou  cast  down,  O  my 
soul,  *  and  why  art  thou  disquieted 
in  me? 

Hope  thou  in  God,  for  I  shall  yet 
praise  Him,  *  the  Health  of  my 
countenance  and  my  God. 

My  soul  is  cast  down  within  me  : 

*  therefore  will   I   remember  Thee 
from  the  land  of  Jordan,  and  from 


the  mountains  of  Hermon,2  from  the 
Little  Hill.3 

Deep  calleth  unto  deep,  *  at  the 
noise  of  Thy  waterspouts. 

All  Thy  waves  and  Thy  billows  * 
are  gone  over  me. 

The  LORD  hath  commanded  [the 
praise  of]  His  loving- kindness  in 
the  day-time,  *  and  in  the  night 
His  song. 

Mine  shall  it  be  to  pray  unto  the 
God  of  my  life.  *  I  will  say  unto 
God  :  Thou  art  my  refuge. 

Why  hast  Thou  forgotten  me  ?  * 
and  why  go  I  mourning,  while  the 
enemy  oppresseth  me? 

While  my  bones  are  broken,  * 
they  that  trouble  me,  even  mine 
enemies,  reproach  me  ; 

While  they  say  daily  unto  me : 
Where  is  thy  God  ?  *  Why  art  thou 
cast  down,  O  my  soul,  and  why  art 
thou  disquieted  within  me  ? 

Hope  thou  in  God,  for  I  shall  yet 
praise  Him  :  *  the  Health  of  my 
countenance  and  my  God. 

Antiphon.      4  Heal    my    soul,    O 
Lord,  for  I  have  sinned  against  Thee. 
Third  Antiphon.      Mine  heart. 

Psalm  XLIII. 

[This  Psalm  has  the  same  uncertain 
[?  musical]  superscription  as  some  others, 
and  the  Targum  farther  ascribes  its  author 
ship  to  David.] 

^\  \  J"E    have    heard  with  our  ears, 
*  *        O  God  :  *  our  fathers  have 
told  us, 

What  work  Thou  didst  in  their 
days,  *  and  in  the  times  of  old. 


1  With  this  Psalm  ends  the  first  of  the  five  books  into  which  the  Psalter  is  divided. 

2  A  chain  of  mountains  in  the  north-east  of  Palestine,  stretching  down  on  the  eastern 
side  of  Jordan. 

3  Or  rather,  the  hill  Mizar  (viz.  the  Little),  proper  name  of  a  mountain  on  the  eastern 
ridge  of  Lebanon.      May  it  not  be  that  the  Korahites  were  among  the  Levitical  families 
which  had  cities  in  the  north  and  north-east  districts  ?  4  Ps.  xl.  5. 


96 


THE    PSALTER. 


Thine  hand  scattered  the  heathen, 
and  planted  them :  *  Thou  didst 
afflict  the  people  and  cast  them  out. 

For  they  got  not  the  land  in  pos 
session  by  their  own  sword  :  *  neither 
did  their  own  arm  save  them. 

But  Thy  right  hand,  and  Thine 
arm,  and  the  light  of  Thy  counten 
ance  :  *  because  Thou  hadst  a  favour 
unto  them. 

Thou  art  my  King  and  my  God  : 
*  Who  commandest  victories  for 
Jacob ! 

Through  Thee  shall  our  horn  toss 
our  enemies  :  *  through  Thy  Name 
will  we  tread  them  under  that  rise 
up  against  us. 

For  I  will  not  trust  in  my  bow  :  * 
neither  shall  my  sword  save  me. 

For  Thou  hast  saved  us  from  them 
that  afflicted  us,  *  and  hast  put  to 
shame  them  that  hated  us. 

In  God  will  we  glory  all  the  day 
long,  *  and  will  praise  Thy  Name 
for  ever.1 

But  now  Thou  hast  cast  off  and 
put  us  to  shame  :  *  and  Thou,  O 
God,  wilt  not  go  forth  with  our 
armies. 

Thou  hast  turned  us  back  behind 
our  enemies  :  *  and  they  that  hate 
us  take  spoil  for  themselves. 

Thou  hast  given  us  like  sheep  ap 
pointed  for  meat,  *  and  hast  scat 
tered  us  among  the  heathen. 

Thou  hast  sold  Thy  people  for 
nought,  *  and  hast  not  increased 
Thy  wealth  by  their  price. 

Thou  makest  us  a  reproach  to  our 
neighbours,  *  a  scorn  and  a  derision 
to  them  that  are  round  about  us. 

Thou  makest  us  a  by-word  among 
the  heathen,  *  a  shaking  of  the  head 
among  the  peoples. 

My  confusion  is  all  day  long  be 


fore  me,  *  and  the  shame  of  my  face 
hath  covered  me, 

For  the  voice  of  him  that  reproach- 
eth  and  blasphemeth,  *  by  reason  of 
the  enemy  and  avenger. 

All  this  is  come  upon  us,  yet  have 
we  not  forgotten  Thee :  *  neither 
have  we  dealt  falsely  in  Thy  covenant. 

Our  heart  also  is  not  turned  back  : 
'  neither  have  our  steps  strayed 
from  Thy  way ; 

Though  Thou  hast  sore  broken  us 
in  the  place  of  affliction,  *  and  the 
shadow  of  death  hath  covered  us. 

If  we  have  forgotten  the  Name  of 
our  God,  *  or  stretched  out  our 
hands  to  a  strange  god ; 

Shall  not  God  search  this  out  ?  * 
for  He  knoweth  the  secrets  of  the 
heart. 

Yea,  for  Thy  sake  are  we  killed  all 
the  day  long :  *  we  are  counted  as 
sheep  for  the  slaughter. 

Awake,  why  sleepest  Thou,  O 
Lord  ?  *  arise,  and  cast  us  not  off 
for  ever. 

Wherefore  hidest  Thou  Thy  face, 
*  and  forgettest  our  affliction  and 
our  oppression  ? 

For  our  soul  is  bowed  down  to 
the  dust :  *  our  belly  cleaveth  unto 
the  earth. 

Arise,  O  Lord,  help  us  :  *  and 
redeem  us  for  Thy  Name's  sake. 

Psalm  XLIV. 

[This  Psalm  has  a  long  superscription,  the 
exact  meaning  of  which  is  not  now  certain. 
It  seems  to  have  been  a  marriage-song  writ 
ten  to  be  sung  by  the  Korahites.  The  Tar- 
gum  ascribes  it  to  the  time  of  Moses,  but  it 
seems  rather  to  belong  to  that  of  the  Jewish 
Monarchy.  ] 

1\ /TINE  heart  is  overflowing  with 
•*•»-*•  a  good  matter  :  *  I  speak  of 
my  works  unto  the  king. 


SLH. 


TUESDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


97 


My  tongue  is  the  pen  *  of  a  ready 
writer. 

Thou  art  fairer  than  the  children 
of  men,  grace  is  poured  into  thy  lips : 
*  therefore  God  hath  blessed  thee 
for  ever. 

Gird  thy  sword  upon  thy  thigh,  * 
O  most  mighty ! 

In  thy  comeliness,  and  thy  beauty, 
*  go  forward,  fare  prosperously,  and 
reign, 

Because  of  truth,  and  meekness, 
and  righteousness  :  *  and  thy  right 
hand  shall  lead  thee  wonderfully. 

Thine  arrows  are  sharp  —  (the 
people  shall  fall  under  thee) — *  into 
the  heart  of  the  King's  enemies. 

JThy  throne,  O  God,  is  for  ever 
and  ever :  *  the  sceptre  of  Thy 
kingdom  is  a  right  sceptre. 

Thou  hast  loved  righteousness, 
and  hated  iniquity :  *  therefore, 
God,  thy  God,  hath  anointed  thee 
with  the  oil  of  gladness  above  thy 
fellows. 

Thy  garments  smell  of  myrrh,  and 
aloes,  and  cassia,  out  of  the  ivory 
palaces,  *  whereby  kings'  daughters 
among  thine  honourable  women  have 
made  thee  glad. 

Upon  thy  right  hand  did  stand 
the  queen  in  a  vesture  of  gold,  * 
bedecked  with  divers  colours. 

Hearken,  O  daughter,  and  con 
sider,  and  incline  thine  ear:  *  for 
get  also  thine  own  people,  and  thy 
father's  house : 

And  the  King  shall  greatly  de 
sire  thy  beauty :  *  for  He  is  the 
Lord  thy  God,2  and  Him  shall  they 
worship. 

And  the  daughters  of  Tyre  shall 


entreat  thy  favour  *  with  gifts,  even 
all  the  rich  among  the  people. 

The  King's  daughter  is  all  glo 
rious  within,  *  in  a  vesture  of  gold, 
clad  in  divers  colours. 

After  her  shall  virgins  be  brought 
unto  the  king:  *  her  fellows  shall 
be  brought  unto  thee. 

With  gladness  and  rejoicing  shall 
they  be  brought :  *  they  shall  enter 
into  the  King's  palace. 

Instead  of  thy  fathers  shall  be 
thy  children  :  *  thou  shalt  make 
them  princes  over  all  the  earth. 

They  shall  be  mindful  of  thy 
name,  *  unto  all  generations. 

Therefore  shall  the  people  praise 
thee  for  ever,  *  yea,  for  ever  and 
ever. 

Antiphon.     3Mine   heart  is  over 
flowing  with  a  good  matter. 
Fourth  Antiphon.     Our  help. 

Psalm  XLV. 

[This  Psalm  has  a  superscription  of  un 
certain  meaning,  but  of  which  part  seems 
to  imply  that  it  was  to  be  sung  by  treble 
voices,  from  the  choir  of  the  Korahite 
family.  And  the  Targum  ascribes  it,  but 
apparently  by  a  mere  guess,  to  the  time  when 
Korah  and  his  fellow-rebels  were  destroyed 
by  an  earthquake  in  the  wilderness,  but 
"the  children  of  Korah  died  not"  (Num. 
xxvi.  10,  n).] 

OD  is  our  refuge  and  strength, 
*  our  help  in  trouble,  which 
is  come  upon  us  exceedingly. 

Therefore  will  we  not  fear,  though 
the  earth  be  removed,  *  and  though 
the  mountains  be  carried  into  the 
midst  of  the  sea  ; 

Though   the   waters   thereof  roar 


1  So  are  these  words  translated  in  Heb.  i.  8,  9. 


2  The  word  "  God  "  is  not  in  the  Hebrew,  and  the  original  meaning,  addressed  to  the 

IClC     is      * '  He  ^   f^"**  I'-**"-!      n*A   K~ j.l~A..    *.„    i_: »        o  _    _i__    o  A.   T 

3  Ps.  xliv.  2. 

VOL.  III. 


bride,  is,  ''He  is  thy  lord,  and  bow  thou  to  him."     So  also  St  Jerome. 


98 


THE   PSALTER. 


and  be  troubled;  *  though  the 
mountains  shake  with  the  swelling 
thereof.1 

[There  is]  a  river,  the  streams 
whereof  make  glad  the  city  of  God  : 
*  the  Most  High  hath  hallowed  His 
Tabernacle. 

God  is  in  the  midst  of  her,  she 
shall  not  be  moved :  *  God  shall 
help  her  right  early. 

The  heathen  raged,  and  the  king 
doms  were  moved :  *  He  uttered 
His  voice,  the  earth  melted. 

The  LORD  of  hosts  is  with  us  :  * 
the  God  of  Jacob  is  our  refuge.1 

Come  and  behold  the  works  of 
the  LORD,  what  wonders  He  hath 
wrought  in  the  earth  ;  *  He  maketh 
wars  to  cease  unto  the  end  of  the 
earth. 

He  breaketh  the  bow  and  cut- 
teth  the  weapons  in  sunder  :  *  and 
burneth  the  shields  in  the  fire. 

Be  still,  and  know  that  I  am 
God :  *  I  will  be  exalted  among 
the  heathen,  and  I  will  be  exalted 
in  the  earth. 

The  LORD  of  hosts  is  with  us  :  * 
the  God  of  Jacob  is  our  refuge.1 

Psalm  XLVI. 

[Intituled  "  A  Psalm  of  the  sons  of 
Korah,"  with  another  (now  uncertain)  direc 
tion.] 

OCLAP  your  hands,  all  ye 
people :  *  shout  unto  God 
with  the  voice  of  triumph. 

For  the  LORD  Most  High  is  ter 
rible  :  *  He  is  a  great  King  over  all 
the  earth. 

He  hath  subdued  the  people 
under  us,  *  and  the  nations  under 
cur  feet. 

He  hath  chosen  His  own  inheri- 

1  SLH. 


tance    for   us,    *   the    excellency  of 
Jacob,  whom  He  loved.1 

God  is  gone  up  with  a  shout,  * 
and  the  LORD  with  the  sound  of  a 
trumpet. 

Sing  praises  to  our  God,  sing 
praises  :  *  sing  praises  unto  our 
King,  sing  praises. 

For  God  is  the  King  of  all  the 
earth  :  *  sing  ye  praises  with  under 
standing. 

God  reigneth  over  the  heathen  : 
*  God  sitteth  upon  the  throne  of 
His  holiness. 

The  princes  of  the  people  are 
gathered  together  with  the  God  of 
Abraham  :  *  for  the  mighty  ones 
of  the  earth  are  greatly  exalted. 

Antiphon.     2  Our  help  in  trouble. 
Fifth    Antiphon.       Great    is    the 
LORD. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  ivords,  "  And  greatly  to 
be  praised." 

Psalm  XLVII. 

[Intituled   "A  Song.      A  Psalm  of  the 

sons   of  Korah."      The   Vulgate   and  the 

LXX.  assign  it  to  the  second  day  of  the 
week.] 

GREAT  is  the  LORD,  and  greatly 
to  be  praised  *  in  the  city  of 
our  God,  in  the  mountain  of  His 
holiness. 

Beautiful  for  situation,  the  joy  of 
the  whole  earth,  is  mount  Zion,  * 
on  the  sides  of  the  north,  the  city 
of  the  great  King. 

God  is  known  in  her  palaces  * 
for  a  refuge. 

For,  lo,  the  kings  were  assembled : 
*  they  passed  by  together. 

They  saw,  and  so  they  marvelled; 

2  Ps.  xlv.  2. 


TUESDAY  AT   MATTINS. 


99 


they  were  troubled,  they  hasted 
away  :  *  fear  took  hold  upon  them 

There,  pain,  as  of  a  woman  in 
travail.  '  Thou  shalt  break  the 
ships  of  Tarshish1  with  a  mighty 
wind. 

As  we  have  heard,  so  have  we 
seen  in  the  city  of  the  LORD  of 
hosts,  in  the  city  of  our  God  :  * 
God  hath  established  her  for  ever.2 

We  have  received  Thy  loving- 
kindness,  O  God,  *  in  the  midst 
of  Thy  temple. 

According  to  Thy  Name,  O  God, 
so  is  Thy  praise  unto  the  ends  of 
the  earth  :  *  Thy  right  hand  is  full 
of  righteousness. 

Let  mount  Zion  rejoice,  and  let 
the  daughters  of  Judah  be  glad,  * 
because  of  Thy  judgments,  O  Lord. 

Walk  about  Zion,  and  go  round 
about  her :  *  tell  the  towers  thereof. 

Mark  ye  well  her  bulwarks :  * 
and  consider  her  palaces ;  that 
ye  may  tell  it  to  the  generation 
following. 

For  this  God  is  our  God  for  ever 
and  ever  :  *  He  shall  be  our  guide 
for  ever. 

Psalm  XLVJII. 

[This  Psalm  has  the  same  title  as  Ps. 
xlvi.j 

IT  EAR  this,  all  ye  people :  * 
L  *  give  ear,  all  ye  inhabitants 
of  the  world  ; 

Both  low  and  high  :  *  rich  and 
poor  together. 

My  mouth  shall  speak  of  wisdom : 
*  and  the  meditation  of  my  heart 
shall  be  of  understanding. 

I  will  incline  mine  ear  to  a  par 
able  :  *  I  will  open  my  saying 
upon  the  harp. 

1  A  very  flourishing  colony  and  emporium 


Wherefore  should  I  fear  in  the 
day  of  evil  ?  *  The  iniquity  of  them 
that  dog  mine  heels  shall  compass 
me  about,— 

They  that  trust  in  their  own 
strength,  "  and  boast  themselves 
in  the  multitude  of  their  riches. 

Can  a  man  redeem,  redeem  his 
brother  ?  *  He  cannot  give  to  God 
a  ransom  for  himself— 
Nor  yet  a  redemption  for  his  own 
soul,  *  if  he  should  work  for  ever, 
and  live  even  unto  the  end. 

Nay,  though  he  should  not  see 
destruction,  when  he  beholdeth 
wise  men  die  —  *  likewise  the 
fool  and  the  brutish  person  perish, 

And  leave  their  wealth  to  others  : 
'    and    their   grave    shall    be    their 
house  for  ever — 

Even  their  dwelling-place  to  all 
generations :  *  they  called  their 
lands  after  their  own  names. 

For  man,  having  been  created 
in  honour,  hath  had  no  understand 
ing  :  *  he  hath  made  himself  like 
unto  the  beasts  that  understand 
not,  and  is  become  like  unto 
them. 

This  their  way  is  a  stumbling- 
block  for  themselves :  *  yet  their 
posterity  will  approve  their  sayings.2 

Like  sheep  they  are  laid  in  the 
grave  :  *  death  will  pasture  them. 

And  the  upright  shall  have  do 
minion  over  them  in  the  morning  : 
*  and  the  beauty  of  their  strength 
shall  waste  away  in  the  grave. 

But  God  will  redeem  my  soul 
from  the  power  of  the  grave,  * 
when  He  shall  receive  me.2 

Be  not  thou  afraid  when  one  is 
made  rich,  *  and  when  the  glory 
of  his  house  is  increased. 

For  when  he  dieth  he  shall  carry 
of  the  Phoenicians  in  Spain.  2  SLH. 


100 


THE   PSALTER. 


nothing  away,  *  his  glory  shall  not 
descend  with  him. 

Though  while  he  lived  he  blessed 
his  soul ;  *  and  praised  thee  when 
thou  didst  well  to  him. 

He  shall  go  to  the  generation  of 
his  fathers  :  *  and  shall  never  see 
light. 

Man,  having  been  created  in 
honour,  hath  had  no  understand 
ing  :  *  he  hath  made  himself  like 
unto  the  beasts  that  understand 
not,  and  is  become  like  unto  them. 

Antiphon.  l  Great  is  the  LORD, 
and  greatly  to  be  praised. 

Sixth  Antiphon.  The  God  of 
gods. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used,  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words,  "Even  the 
LORD." 

Psalm  XL IX. 

[Intituled  "  A  Psalm  of  Asaph."  This 
Asaph  was  a  Levite,  chief  of  the  singers 
appointed  by  David.  I  Par.  (Chron.)  xvi. 
4.  "And  he  (David)  appointed  certain  of 
the  Levites  to  minister  before  the  Ark  of 
the  LORD,  and  to  record,  and  to  thank 
and  praise  the  LORD  God  of  Israel.  Asaph 
the  chief,  and  next  to  him  Zachariah,  Jeiel, 
Shemiramoth,  and  Jehiel,  and  Mattithiah, 
and  Eliab,  and  Benaiah,  and  Obed-edom  ; 
and  Jeiel  with  psalteries  and  with  harps  ; 
but  Asaph  made  a  sound  with  cymbals."] 

THE    God    of    gods,    even    the 
LORD,    hath    spoken,    *    and 
called  the  earth, 

From  the  rising  of  the  sun  unto 
the  going  down  thereof.  *  Out  of 
Zion,  the  Perfection  of  beauty, 

God  shall  come  manifestly,  * 
even  our  God,  and  shall  not  keep 
silence. 

A  fire  shall  devour  before  Him  : 
*  and  it  shall  be  very  tempestuous 
round  about  Him. 

1  Ps.  xlvii.  2. 


He  shall  call  to  the  heavens  from 
above,  *  and  to  the  earth,  that 
He  may  judge  His  people. 

Gather  His  saints  together  unto 
Him,  *  those  that  have  made  a 
covenant  with  Him  by  sacrifice. 

And  the  heavens  shall  declare 
His  righteousness :  '  *  for  God  is 
Judge  Himself.2 

Hear,  O  My  people,  and  I  will 
speak  ;  O  Israel,  and  I  will  testify 
against  thee ;  *  I  am  God,  even 
thy  God. 

I  will  not  reprove  thee  for  thy 
sacrifices  :  *  for  thy  burnt -offerings 
are  continually  before  Me. 

I  will  take  no  bullock  out  of  thine 
house,  *  nor  he -goats  out  of  thy 
folds. 

For  every  beast  of  the  forest  is 
Mine,  *  the  cattle  and  the  bulls 
upon  the  mountains. 

I  know  all  the  birds  of  the  sky  : 

*  and    the    beauty   of   the   field   is 
Mine. 

If  I  were  hungry,  I  would  not 
tell  thee  :  *  for  the  earth  is  Mine, 
and  the  fulness  thereof. 

Will  I  eat  the  flesh  of  bulls,  * 
or  drink  the  blood  of  goats  ? 

Offer  unto  God  the  sacrifice  of 
praise  :  *  and  pay  thy  vows  unto  the 
Most  High  : 

And  call  upon  Me  in  the  day  of 
trouble  :  *  I  will  deliver  thee,  and 
thou  shalt  glorify  Me. 

But  unto  the  wicked,  God  saith  : 

*  What  hast  thou  to  do  to  declare 
My  statutes,  that  thou  shouldest  take 
My  covenant  in  thy  mouth  ? 

Seeing  thou  hatest  instruction,  * 
and  easiest  My  words  behind  thee  ? 

When   thou   sawest   a   thief  then 
thou  tookest  pleasure  in  him  :  *  and 
hast  been  partaker  with  adulterers. 
2  SLH. 


TUESDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


101 


Thy  mouth  aboundeth  with  evil : 

*  and  thy  tongue  frameth  deceit. 
Thou   satest  and  spakest  against 

thy  brother,  and  slanderedst  thine 
own  mother's  son  :  *  these  things 
hast  thou  done,  and  I  kept  silence. 

Thou  thoughtest  wickedly  that  I 
was  such  an  one  as  thyself:  *  I  will 
reprove  thee,  and  set  them  in  order 
before  thine  eyes. 

Consider  ye  this,  ye  that  forget 
God  :  *  lest  He  tear  you  in  pieces, 
and  there  be  none  to  deliver. 

The  sacrifice  of  praise  shall  honour 
Me :  *  and  there  is  the  path  where 
in  I  will  show  unto  him  the  salvation 
of  God. 

Psalm  LI. 

[After  another  uncertain  superscription, 
the  title  of  this  Psalm  proceeds: — "[A 
Psalm]  of  David,  when  Doeg  the  Edomite 
came  and  told  Saul,  and  said  unto  him  : 
David  is  come  to  the  house  of  Ahimelech." 
The  circumstances  may  be  read  in  I  Kings 
(Sam.)  xxii.  (Saturday,  fourth  week  after 
Pentecost).  After  Doeg  told  Saul,  the 
latter  sent  for  Ahimelech  and  the  other 
Priests,  and  ordered  them  to  execution. 
"  But  the  servants  of  the  king  would  not 
put  forth  their  hand  to  fall  upon  the  Priests 
of  the  LORD.  And  the  king  said  to  Doeg  : 
Turn  thou,  and  fall  upon  the  Priests.  And 
Doeg  the  Edomite  turned  and  fell  upon  the 
Priests,  and  slew  on  that  day  four-score  and 
five  persons  that  did  wear  a  linen  ephod. " 
The  inhabitants  of  the  Priestly  city  of  Nob 
were  also  brutally  massacred.  One  of  the 
sons  of  Ahimelech  escaped  and  told  David.] 

AX  rHY  boastest  thou  thyself  in 
*  »  mischief,  *  O  thou  that  art 
mighty  in  iniquity  ? 

Thy  tongue  deviseth  unrighteous 
ness  all  the  day  long  :  *  like  a  sharp 
razor  hast  thou  wrought  treachery. 

Thou  lovest  evil  more  than  good  ; 

*  iniquity  rather  than  to  speak   of 
uprightness.1 

1  SLH.  2  Ps.  xlix. 


Thou  lovest  all  deadly  words,  * 
O  thou  deceitful  tongue ! 

Therefore  God  shall  destroy  thee 
for  ever  :  *  He  shall  take  thee  away, 
and  pluck  thee  out  of  thy  dwelling- 
place,  and  root  thee  out  of  the  land 
of  the  living.1 

The  righteous  shall  see  it,  and 
fear,  and  shall  laugh  at  him,  and 
say :  *  Lo,  this  is  the  man  that 
made  not  God  his  strength; 

But  trusted  in  the  abundance  of 
his  riches  :  *  and  hardened  himself 
in  his  wickedness. 

But  I  am  like  a  fruitful  olive- 
tree  in  the  house  of  God,  *  I  trust 
in  the  mercy  of  God  for  ever  and 
ever. 

I  will  praise  Thee  for  ever,  be 
cause  Thou  hast  done  it :  *  and  I 
will  wait  on  Thy  name,  for  it  is 
good  before  Thy  saints. 

Antiphon.  2  The  God  of  gods, 
even  the  LORD,  hath  spoken. 

Antiphon  for  Paschal  time.  Al 
leluia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Then  is  said  a  Verse  and  Answer. 
In  Advent. 

Verse.  Send  forth  the  Lamb,  O 
Lord,  the  ruler  of  the  land. 

Answer.  From  the  "  Rock  "  of 
the  wilderness  unto  the  mount  of 
the  daughter  of  Zion. 

During  the  rest  of  the  year. 

Verse.  3  Offer  unto  God  the  sac 
rifice  of  praise. 

Answer.  And  pay  thy  vows  un 
to  the  Most  High. 

In  Lent. 

Verse.  He  shall  cover  thee  with 
His  wings. 

i.  3  Ps.  xlix.  14. 


102 


THE   PSALTER. 


Answer.  And  under  His  feath 
ers  shalt  thou  trust. 

I?i  Passion  time. 

Verse.  O  Lord,  save  me  from 
the  lion's  mouth. 

Answer.  And  mine  affliction 
from  the  horns  of  the  unicorns. 

7;z  Paschal  time. 

Verse.  The  Lord  is  risen  in 
deed,  Alleluia. 

Answer.  And  hath  appeared  un 
to  Simon,  Alleluia. 

The  rest  is  the  same  as  the  Seco7id 
Nocturn  on  the  precedi?ig  Sunday,  only 
the  Lessons,  and  sometimes  the  Respon- 
sories,  are  those  of  the  day. 

Simple  Feasts.  It  is  to  be  remembered 
that  when  a  Simple  Feast  is  kept  on 
7^tesday,  the  Invitatory  and  Hymn  are 
of  the  Feast,  being  taken  from  the  Com 
mon  of  Saints  of  the  class,  unless  speci 
ally  given. 

Then  the  Psalms  and  Antiphons  of 
the  Week-day,  as  given  above.  Then  is 
said  a  Verse  and  Answer  as  follows  : 

In  the  Simple  Office  for  one  or  many 
Martyrs  in  Paschal  time. 

Verse.  The  everlasting  light 
shall  shine  upon  Thy  Saints,  O 
Lord.  Alleluia. 

Answer.  Even  unto  everlasting. 
Alleluia. 

In  the  Simple  Office  for  one  Martyr 
(put  of  Paschal  time}. 

Verse.     1Thou  hast  set  a  crown, 
O  Lord,   of  precious  stones. 
Answer.     Upon  his  head. 

In  the  Simple  Office  for  ma?iy  Martyrs 
(put  of  Paschal  time]. 

Verse.  2  Let  the  righteous  re 
joice  before  God. 

1  Ps.  xx.  4.  2  Ps.  Ixvii.  4. 

4  Ps.  xxxvi.  30. 


Answer.  Yea,  let  them  exceed 
ingly  rejoice. 

In  the  Simple  Office  for  a  Bishop  and 
Confessor. 

Verse.  3The  Lord  chose  him  for 
a  priest  unto  Himself. 

[///  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 

Answer.  To  offer  up  unto  Him 
the  sacrifice  of  praise. 

\In  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 

In  the  Simple  Office  for  a  Confessor 
not  a  Bishop. 

Verse.  4  The  mouth  of  the  right 
eous  shall  speak  wisdom. 

\In  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 

Answer.  And  his  tongue  talk  of 
judgment. 

[In  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 
For  one  Holy  Woma?i,  of  whatever  kind. 

Verse.  5  God  shall  give  her  the 
help  of  His  countenance. 

\In  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 

Answer.  God  is  in  the  midst  of 
her,  she  shall  not  be  moved. 

\In  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 

The  others,  as  well  as  what  follows, 
to  the  end  of  the  Service,  are  taken  from 
the  Second  Nocturn  of  the  Office  common 
to  Saints  of  the  class,  unless  something 
special  be  appointed.  The  Lessons  are 
arranged  according  to  the  rules  in  Chap 
ter  xxvi.  4  of  the  general  Rubrics. 
The  Hymn,  "  We  praise  Thee,  O  God," 
is  said  at  the  end,  i7istead  of  a  Third 
Responsory.  The  Responsories  are  ar 
ranged  according  to  the  rules  in  Chapter 
xxvii.  4  of  the  general  Rubrics.  Thus ; — 

The  Lords  Prayer  is  said  : 

Father  (inaudibly),  Who  art 
in  heaven,  Hallowed  be  Thy 
Name.     Thy  kingdom  come.     Thy 

Cf.  Ecclus.  xlv.  1 6,  27. 


Ps.  xlv.  6  (Alexandrian  version). 


TUESDAY   AT    MATTINS. 


103 


will  be  done  on  earth,  as  it  is  in 
heaven.  Give  us  this  day  our  daily 
bread.  And  forgive  us  our  tres 
passes,  as  we  forgive  them  that  tres 
pass  against  us.  (Aloud.) 

Verse.     And    lead    us    not    into 
temptation. 

Answer.       But    deliver    us    from 
evil. 

Then  this  Absolution : 

AY   His   loving   kindness   and 
mercy  help  us,   Who  liveth 
and  reigneth  with  the  Father,  and 
the  Holy  Ghost,  world  without  end. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Then  the  Reader  says : 

Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 
ing. 

First  Blessing,  if  the  Lesson  be  from 
Scripture. 

God  the  Father  the  Almighty 
Show  on  us  His  grace  and  mercy. 
Answer.     Amen. 

First  Blessing,  if  the  Lesson  be  of  an 
Homily. 

May  the  Gospel's  saving  Lord 
Bless  the  reading  of  His  Word. 
Answer.     Amen. 

First  Blessing  o?i  a  Simple  Feast. 

May  His  blessing  be  upon  us, 
Who  doth  live  and  reign  for  ever. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Then  is  read  the  First  Lesson  from 
Scripture  or  from  the  Homily,  or,  on  a 
Simple  Feast,  either  the  First  from 
Scripture,  or,  if  the  Saint  or  Saints 
have  two  Lessons,  the  whole  three  Scrip- 
titre  Lessons  read  together  as  one. 

Then  the  First  Responsory,  unless 
otherwise  directed.  On  a  week-day  kept 
as  such,  this  is  the  First  Responsory  of 
the  Second  Nocturn  of  the  preceding 


Sunday.  On  a  Simple  Feast,  it  is  the 
Jirst  Responsory  in  the  Common  Office 
for  the  class  to  which  the  Saint  belongs. 

Then  the  Reader  says : 

Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 
ing. 

Second  Blessing,  if  the  Lesson  be  of 
Scripture. 

May  Christ  to  all  His  people  give 
For  ever  in  His  sight  to  live. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Second  Blessing,  if  the  Lesson  be  from 
an  Homily. 

God's  most  mighty  strength  alway 
Be  His  people's  staff  and  stay. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Second  Blessing,  for  a  Simple  Feast. 

He  (or  She  or  They)  whose  feast-day 

we  are  keeping 
Plead  for  us  before  the  Lord. 
Ansiver.     Amen. 

Then  is  read  the  Second  Lesson,  either 
from  the  Scripture  or  from  ait  Homily, 
or,  on  a  Simple  Feast,  either  the  Second 
and  Third  Lessons  from  Scripture  read 
together  as  one,  or,  if  the  Saint  or  Saints 
have  two  Lessons,  the  first  of  these. 

Then  the  Second  Responsory,  unless 
otherwise  directed.  On  a  week-day  kept 
as  such,  this  is  the  Second  Responsory 
of  the  preceding  Sunday,  but  in  Paschal 
time  there  is  added  to  it  : 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

And  the  Answer  of  the  Responsory  is 
repeated  again. 

On  a  Simple  Feast  the  Second  Re 
sponsory  in  the  Common  Office  for  the 
class  to  which  the  Saint  belongs,  with  the 
addition  of  "  Glory  be  to  the  Father," 
&*c.,  and  the  repetition  of  the  Answer. 


IO4 


THE   PSALTER. 


Then  the  Reader  says  : 

Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 
ing. 

Third  Blessing,  if  the  Lesson  be  of 
Scripture, 

May  the  Spirit's  fire  divine 
In  our  inmost  being  shine. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Third  Blessing,  for  a  Simple  Feast,  or 
if  the  Lesson  be  from  an  Homily. 


May  He  that  is  the  Angels'  King 
To  that  high  realm  His  people  bring. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Then  is  read  the  Third  Lesson  either 
from  Scripture,  or  of  the  Homily,  or, 
on  Simple  Feasts,  the  Second  or  only 
Lesson  of  the  Saint. 

Then,  on  Simple  Feasts  and  on  any 
day  in  Paschal  time  save  Rogation 
Monday  is  said  the  Hymn,  "  We  praise 
Thee,  O  God."  But  on  week-days  kept 
as  such  out  of  Paschal  time  the  Third 
Responsory  of  the  preceding  Sunday. 


tit 


THE  THIRD  DAY  OF  THE  WEEK. 


All  as  on  Sunday,  except  as  otherwise 
given  here. 

The  Psalms  are  as  follows  : 
Antiphon.     O  Lord. 

Psalm  L. 
Have    mercy   upon    me,   &c.    (/. 

87). 

Antiphon.  O  Lord,  blot  out  my 
transgressions. 

Second  Antiphon.     The  health. 

PsalmXLII. 

[The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  ascribe  this 
Psalm  "to  David."] 

JUDGE  me,  O  God,  and  plead 
J  my  cause  against  an  ungodly 
nation  :  *  O  deliver  me  from  the 
unjust  and  deceitful  man. 

For  Thou,  O  God,  art  my  strength : 
*  why  dost  Thou  cast  me  off?  and 
why  go  I  mourning,  because  of  the 
oppression  of  the  enemy  ? 

O  send  out  Thy  light  and  Thy 
truth  :  *  let  them  lead  me  and  bring 
me  unto  Thine  holy  hill,  and  unto 
Thy  tabernacles ! 

Then  will  I  go  unto  the  Altar 
of  God,  *  unto  God,  the  Gladdener 
of  my  youth ! 

VOL.   III. 


Upon  the  harp  will  I  praise 
Thee,  O  God,  my  God !  *  why  art 
thou  cast  down,  O  my  soul?  and 
why  dost  thou  disquiet  me  ? 

Hope  thou  in  God  :  for  I  will  still 
praise  Him,  *  Who  is  the  health  of 
my  countenance,  and  my  God. 

Antiphon.       The    health    of    my 
countenance,  and  my  God. 
Third  Antiphon.  Early. 

Psalms  LXII.,  LXVI. 

O  God,  Thou  art  my  God,  &c. 
(P.  23)- 

Antiphon.  Early  will  I  seek  Thee, 
OGod. 

Fourth  Antiphon.   Save  us. 


THE  SONG  OF  HEZEKIAH,  KING  OF 
JUDAH.     (Isa.  xxxviii.  10.) 

[Intituled  "The  writing  of  Hezekiah, 
King  of  Judah,  when  he  had  been  sick,  and 
was  recovered  of  his  sickness."  The  his 
tory  will  be  found  in  4  (2)  Kings  xx.  (nth 
Sunday  after  Pentecost).] 

I  SAID,  In  the  midst  of  my  days, 
*  I  shall  go  to  the  gates  of  the 
grave  : 

I    looked    for    the    rest    of    my 
years.  *  I  said,  I  shall  not  see  the 
D  2 


io6 


THE   PSALTER. 


LORD  my  God l  in  the  land  of  the 
living  : 

I   shall  behold  man  no  more,   * 
with    the    dwellers    in    the    land   of 
rest. 

Mine  age  is  departed,  and  is 
rolled  up  from  me,  *  as  a  shepherd's 
tent : 

My  life  is  cut  off  as  by  a  weaver  : 
my  web  was  scarce  begun  when  He 
cut  me  off:  *  from  day  even  to 
night  wilt  Thou  make  an  end  of 
me. 

I  thought  I  might  live  till  morn 
ing  :  *  as  a  lion,  so  doth  He  break 
all  my  bones  : 

From  day  even  to  night  wilt  Thou 
make  an  end  of  me.  *  Like  a 
swallow's  fledgling  so  did  I  twitter, 
I  did  coo  as  a  dove  : 

Mine  eyes  fail,  *  with  looking 
upward. 

0  LORD,  I  am  seized,  undertake 
for  me.   *  What  shall  I  say,  or  what 
will  He  answer  me,  seeing  that  He 
Himself  hath  done  it? 

1  will  call  to  remembrance  before 
Thee  all  my  years  *  in  the  bitter 
ness  of  my  soul. 

O  Lord,  if  by  these  things  men 
live,  and  in  such  things  is  the  life 
of  my  spirit,  so  mayest  Thou  chasten 
me,  and  make  me  to  live.  *  Be 
hold,  mine  anguish  is  [turned]  into 
peace  : 

But  Thou  hast  delivered  my  soul 
from  destruction  :  *  Thou  hast  cast 
all  my  sins  behind  Thy  back. 

For  the  grave  cannot  praise  Thee, 
death  cannot  celebrate  Thee  :  *  they 
that  go  down  into  the  pit  cannot 
hope  for  Thy  truth. 

The  living,    the   living,   he    shall 


praise  Thee,  as  I  do  this  day  :  * 
the  father  to  the  children  shall  make 
known  Thy  truth. 

O  LORD,  save  me  :  *  and  we  will 
sing  our  songs  all  the  days  of  our 
life  in  the  house  of  the  LORD. 

Antiphon.  Save  us  all  the  days  of 
our  life,  O  Lord. 

Fifth  Antiphon,  Praise  ye  the 
LORD. 


Psalms  CXLVIIL,  CXLIX.,  CL. 

Praise    ye    the    LORD    from     the 
heavens,  &c.  (pp.  25,  26). 

Antiphon.     Praise    ye    the    LORD 
from  the  heavens,  all  His  Angels. 

CHAPTER.    (Rom.  xiii.  12.) 

The  night  is  far  spent,  &c.  (as  on 
Monday,  p.  89). 


D 


HYMN.2 

,AY'S  herald  bird 

At  length  is  heard, 
Telling  its  morning  torch  is  lit, 
And  small  and  still 
Christ's  accents  thrill 
Within  the  heart,  rekindling  it. 

Away,  He  cries, 

With  languid  eyes, 
And  sickly  slumbers  profitless  ! 

I  am  at  hand, 

As  watchers  stand, 
In  awe,  and  truth,  and  holiness. 

He  will  appear, 
•  The  hearts  to  cheer 
Of  suppliants  pale  and  abstinent 

Who  cannot  sleep 

Because  they  weep 
With  holy  grief  and  violent. 


1  "  My  God"  is  not  in  the  Hebrew,  but  the  Divine  Name  is  repeated. 

2  Author  of  original,   Aurelius   Prudentius  Clemens:    b.   348  A.D.,   d. 
Translation  by  the  late  Card.  Newman. 


after  405   A.D. 


TUESDAY   AT   LAUDS. 


107 


Keep  us  awake, 

The  fetters  break, 
JESU  !  which  night  has  forged  for  us  ; 

Yea,  melt  the  night 

To  sinless  light, 
Till  all  is  bright  and  glorious. 

To  Father,  Son, 

And  Spirit,  one, 
To  the  Most  Holy  Trinity, 

All  praise  be  given 

In  earth  and  heaven, 
Now,  as  of  old,  and  endlessly.     Amen. 


Verse.  *  Thou  hast  satisfied  us 
early  with  Thy  mercy. 

Answer.    We  rejoice  and  are  glad. 

Antiphonfor  the  SongofZacharias. 
The  Lord  hath  raised  up  *  an  horn 
of  salvation  for  us,  in  the  house  of 
His  servant  David. 

Commemoration  of  the  Cross  before 
the  other  general  Commemorations,  and 
Long  Preces  in  Advent  and  Lent,  and 
on  Fast-days,  as  on  Monday. 


1  Ps.  Ixxxix.  14. 


loS 


at  Jftattin*. 

THE  FOURTH  DAY  OF  THE  WEEK. 


All  as  on  Sunday  except  as  otherwise 
given  here. 

Invitatory.  In  Thy  hand,  O 
Lord,  *  are  the  inmost  depths  of 
the  earth. 

HYMN.1 

WHO  madest  all  and  dost  control, 
Lord,  with  Thy  touch  divine, 
Cast  out  the  slumbers  of  the  soul, 
The  rest  that  is  not  Thine. 

Look  down,  Eternal  Holiness, 

And  wash  the  sins  away 
Of  those,  who,  rising  to  confess, 

Outstrip  the  lingering  day. 

Our  hearts  and  hands  by  night,  O  Lord, 

We  lift  them  in  our  need  ; 
As  holy  Psalmists  give  the  word, 

And  holy  Paul  the  deed. 

Each  sin  to  Thee  of  years  gone  by, 
Each  hidden  stain  lies  bare  ; 

We  shrink  not  from  Thine  awful  eye, 
But  pray  that  Thou  wouldst  spare. 

Grant  this,  O  Father,  Only  Son, 

And  Spirit,  God  of  grace, 
To  Whom  all  worship  shall  be  done 

In  every  time  and  place.  Amen. 

Only  one  Nocturn  is  said. 
Antiphon.     God  bringeth  back. 

In  Paschal  time  only  one  Antiphon 
is  said  to  the  whole  Nocturn.     Alleluia. 


Psalm  LI  I. 

[Intituled  "of  David,"  with  a  further 
superscription,  perhaps  musical,  but  of  a 
(now)  uncertain  meaning.  The  Targum 
gives  it  the  additional  superscription,  "to 
render  praise,  for  the  reward  of  the  impious 
who  blasphemed  the  Name  of  the  Lord." 
It  is  a  repetition  of  Ps.  xiii.] 

THE  fool  hath  said  in  his  heart : 
*  There  is  no  God. 

Corrupt  are  they  and  have  done 
abominable  iniquity :  *  there  is 
none  that  doeth  good. 

God  looketh  down  from  heaven 
upon  the  children  of  men,  *  to  see 
if  there  be  any  that  will  understand, 
or  that  will  seek  God. 

Every  one  of  them  is  gone  back, 
they  are  altogether  become  unprofit 
able  :  *  there  is  none  that  doeth 
good,  no,  not  one. 

Have  the  workers  of  iniquity  no 
knowledge,  *  who  eat  up  my  people 
as  they  eat  bread  ? 

They  have  not  called  upon  God  : 
*  there  were  they  in  great  fear, 
where  no  fear  was. 

For  God  hath  scattered  the  bones 
of  them  that  work  that  which  is 
pleasing  in  the  sight  of  men :  * 
they  are  put  to  shame,  because  God 
hath  despised  them. 

O    that    the    salvation    of    Israel 


Another  hymn  of  the  Ambrosian  school.     Translation  by  the  late  Card.  Newman. 


WEDNESDAY  AT   MATTINS. 


109 


were  come  out  of  Zion !  *  when 
God  bringeth  back  the  captivity  of 
His  people,  Jacob  shall  rejoice,  and 
Israel  shall  be  glad. 

Psalm  LIV. 

[This  Psalm  has  a  superscription  of  which 
nothing  can  now  be  certainly  interpreted, 
except  the  ascription  of  authorship  "To 
David."] 

GIVE  ear  to  my  prayer,  O  God, 
and    despise    not   my   suppli 
cation  :  *  attend  unto  me  and  hear 
me. 

I  mourn  in  my  exercise ;  *  and 
am  troubled,  because  of  the  voice 
of  the  enemy,  and  because  of  the 
oppression  of  the  wicked. 

For  they  cast  iniquity  upon  me  : 

*  and  in  wrath  they  hate  me. 
My   heart   is   sore   pained  within 

me  :  *  and  the  terrors  of  death  are 
fallen  upon  me. 

Fearfulness  and  trembling  are 
come  upon  me :  *  and  darkness 
hath  overwhelmed  me. 

And  I  said  :  O  that  I  had  wings 
like  a  dove,  *  for  then  would  I  fly 
away  and  be  at  rest ! 

Lo,  then  would  I  wander  far  off, 

*  and  remain  in  the  wilderness.1 

I  waited  for  Him  Who  hath  de 
livered  me  *  from  distress  of  spirit 
and  from  tempest. 

Destroy,  O  Lord !  divide  their 
tongues  :  *  for  I  have  seen  iniquity 
and  strife  in  the  city. 

Day  and  night  iniquity  goeth 
round  about  upon  her  walls :  * 
trouble  also  and  unrighteousness  are 
in  the  midst  of  her. 

Usury  and  guile  *  depart  not 
from  her  streets. 

For  if  mine  enemy  had  reproached 
me,  *  then  I  could  have  borne  it. 


If  he  also  that  hated  me  had 
magnified  himself  against  me,  * 
then  haply  I  would  have  hidden 
myself  from  him. 

But  it  was  thou,  a  man  like- 
minded,  *  my  guide  and  mine  ac 
quaintance  : 

We  took  pleasant  meats  together  : 

*  we  walked  unto  the  house  of  God 
in  company. 

Let  death  come  upon  them  :  * 
and  let  them  go  down  quick  into 
hell; 

For  wickedness  is  in  their  dwell 
ings,  *  among  them. 

But  as  for  me  I  have  called  upon 
God  :  *  and  the  LORD  shall  save 
me. 

Evening,  and  morning,  and  at 
noon  will  I  complain  and  cry  aloud, 

*  and  He  shall  hear  my  voice. 

He  shall  deliver  my  soul  in 
peace  from  them  that  draw  nigh 
against  me  :  *  for  there  were  many 
against  me. 

God  shall  hear  and  afflict  them, 

*  even  He  That  abideth  of  old.1 
Because    they  have   no   changes, 

therefore  they  fear  not  God.  *  He 
hath  stretched  forth  His  hand  to 
requite  them. 

They  have  broken  His  covenant : 
the  anger  of  His  countenance  hath 
put  them  to  flight,  *  and  His  wrath 
pursueth  them. 

His  words  were   softer   than   oil, 

*  yet  were  they  drawn  swords. 
Cast  thy  burden  upon  the  LORD, 

and  He  shall  sustain  thee :  *  He 
shall  never  suffer  the  righteous  to 
be  moved. 

But  Thou,  O  God,  shalt  bring 
them  down  *  into  the  pit  of  destruc 
tion. 

Bloody  and   deceitful  men   shall 


1  SLH. 


no 


THE   PSALTER. 


not  live  out  half  their  days  :  *  but 
I  will  trust  in  Thee,  O  Lord. 

Antiphon.     l  God  bringeth    back 
the  captivity  of  His  people. 
Second  Antiphon.     For  my  soul. 


Psalm  LV. 

[This  Psalm  has  a  long  and  very  obscure 
superscription.  From  part  of  this  it  seems 
that  it  was  written  to  be  sung  to  a  tune 
called  "The  dumb  dove  among  foreigners." 
The  authorship  is  ascribed  "  To  David, 
when  the  Philistines  took  him  in  Gath." 
This  may  either  be  the  occasion  described 
in  the  note  on  Ps.  xxxiii.  (p.  78),  or  that 
narrated  thus  in  I  Kings  (Sam.)  xxvii. 
"  And  David  said  in  his  heart  :  I  shall  now 
perish  one  day  by  the  hand  of  Saul  ;  there 
is  nothing  better  for  me  than  that  I  should 
speedily  escape  into  the  land  of  the  Philis 
tines  ;  and  Saul  shall  despair  of  me,  to 
seek  me  any  more  in  any  coast  of  Israel  ; 
so  shall  I  escape  -out  of  his  hand.  And 
David  arose,  and  he  passed  over,  with  the 
six  hundred  men  that  were  with  him,  unto 
Achish,  the  son  of  Maoch,  king  of  Gath. 
.  .  .  And  it  was  told  Saul  that  David  was 
fled  to  Gath,  and  he  sought  no  more  again 
for  him."] 

T3E  merciful  unto  me,  O  God,  for 
-D  man  treadeth  me  down  :  *  he 
fighteth  all  the  day  long,  and  op- 
presseth  me. 

Mine  enemies  tread  me  down  all 
the  day  long  :  *  for  they  be  many 
that  fight  against  me. 

The  height  of  the  morning  makes 
me  afraid,  *  but  I  will  trust  in 
Thee. 

In  God  I  will  praise  His  word, 
in  God  I  have  put  my  trust :  *  I 
will  not  fear  what  flesh  can  do  unto 
me. 

All  the  day  long  they  wrest  my 
words :  *  all  their  thoughts  are 
against  me  for  evil. 

They  gather  themselves  together 


and  hide  themselves  :  *  they  mark 
my  steps. 

When  they  wait  for  my  soul, 
for  nothing  shalt  Thou  deliver 
them :  in  Thine  anger  Thou 
shalt  cast  down  the  people. 

0  God,  I  have  declared  my  life 
unto   Thee,    *   Thou   hast   put    my 
tears  in  Thy  sight, 

Even  as  Thou  hast  promised.  * 
Then  shall  mine  enemies  turn  back, 

In  whatsoever  day  I  cry  unto 
Thee  :  *  behold,  I  know  that  Thou 
art  my  God. 

In  God  will  I  praise  His  word, 
in  the  LORD  will  I  praise  His 
word :  *  in  God  have  I  put  my 
trust,  I  will  not  be  afraid  what 
man  can  do  unto  me. 

Thy  vows  are  upon  me,  O  God, 
'*  I  will  pay  them,  even  praises 
unto  Thee. 

For  Thou  hast  delivered  my 
soul  from  death,  and  my  feet  from 
falling ;  *  that  I  may  walk  before 
God  in  the  light  of  the  living. 

Psalm  LVI. 

[Another  long  title  of  uncertain  meaning. 
The  Psalm  seems  to  have  been  written  for 
a  tune  called  "Destroy  not,"  "by  David, 
when  he  fled  from  Saul  in  the  cave" — I 
Kings  (Sam.)  xxii.  I  —  "David  therefore 
departed  thence"  (viz.  from  Gath)  "and 
escaped  to  the  cave  Adullam."  See  the 
note  on  Ps.  xxxiii.,  p.  78.] 

T3E  merciful  unto  me,  O  God, 
*-*  be  merciful  unto  me :  *  for 
my  soul  trusteth  in  Thee. 

Yea,  in  the  shadow  of  Thy  wings 
will  I  make  my  refuge,  *  until  this 
iniquity  be  overpast. 

1  will  cry  unto  God  Most  High  : 
*   unto   God,   That    performeth    all 
things  for  me. 


1  Ps.  lii.  7. 


WEDNESDAY   AT    MATTINS. 


Ill 


He  hath  sent  from  heaven,  and 
saved  me  :  *  He  hath  given  for  a 
reproach  them  that  trod  me  down.1 

God  hath  sent  forth  His  mercy 
and  His  truth ;  *  and  delivered  my 
soul  from  among  the  lions'  whelps  ; 
I  was  troubled  in  my  sleep. 

As  for  the  sons  of  men,  their 
teeth  are  spears  and  arrows,  *  and 
their  tongue  a  sharp  sword. 

Be  Thou  exalted,  O  God,  above 
the  heavens  :  *  and  let  Thy  glory 
be  over  all  the  earth. 

They  prepared  a  net  for  my 
steps ;  *  and  bowed  down  my  soul. 

They  digged  a  pit  before  me  :  * 
into  the  midst  whereof  they  are 
fallen  themselves.1 

Mine  heart  is  ready,  O  God, 
mine  heart  is  ready  :  *  I  will  sing, 
and  give  praise. 

Awake  up,  my  glory ;  awake, 
psaltery  and  harp  :  *  I  will  awake 
early. 

I  will  praise  Thee,  O  Lord,  among 
the  people ;  *  and  sing  unto  Thee 
among  the  nations. 

For  Thy  mercy  is  great  unto  the 
heavens,  *  and  Thy  truth  unto  the 
clouds. 

Be  Thou  exalted,  O  God,  above 
the  heavens  :  *  and  let  Thy  glory 
be  above  all  the  earth. 

Antiphon.  2  For  my  soul  trusteth 
in  Thee. 

Third  Antiphon.    Judge  uprightly. 

Psalm  LVII. 

[This  Psalm  has  the  same  title  as  the  last, 
except  the  historical  reference.] 

IF  ye  indeed  speak  righteousness, 
*  judge  uprightly,  O  ye  sons  of 
men. 


Yea,  in  heart  ye  work  wickedness : 
*  your  hands  weigh  out  violence  in 
the  earth. 

The  wicked  are  estranged  from 
the  womb,  they  go  astray  from  the 
belly,  *  speaking  lies. 

Their  poison  is  like  the  poison  of 
a  serpent :  *  they  are  like  the  deaf 
adder,  that  stoppeth  her  ears ; 

That  will  not  hearken  to  the 
voice  of  charmers,  *  nor  of  the 
sorcerer  charming  never  so  wisely. 

God  shall  break  their  teeth  in 
their  mouth  :  *  the  LORD  shall 
break  off  the  great  teeth  of  the 
lions. 

They  shall  melt  away  as  waters 
which  run  down  :  *  He  bendeth. 
His  bow  until  they  be  shattered. 

They  shall  melt  away  like  melting 
wax :  *  fire  taketh  hold  upon  them 
and  they  see  not  the  sun. 

As  thorns  that  are  plucked  up 
before  ever  they  be  grown  into  a 
bush  :  *  so  even  in  their  greenness, 
shall  He  root  them  up  in  His 
anger. 

The  righteous  shall  rejoice  when 
he  seeth  the  vengeance :  *  he  shall 
wash  his  hands  in  the  blood  of  the 
wicked. 

And  man  shall  say  :  Verily,  there 
is    a    reward    for    the    righteous,    ' 
verily  there  is  a  God  That  judgeth 
the  earth. 


Psalm  LVII  I. 

[This  Psalm  has  the  same  title  as  the  two 
last,  with  the  addition  : — "  when  Saul  sent, 
and  they  watched  the  house,  to  kill  him." 
The  occasion  is  thus  described  in  I  Kings 
(Sam.)  xix.  1 1.  "  Saul  also  sent  messengers 
unto  David's  house,  to  watch  him,  to  slay 
him  in  the  morning  ;  and  Michal,  David's 
wife,  told  him,  saying  :  If  thou  save  not  thy 


SLH. 


I  12 


THE  PSALTER. 


life  to-night,  to-morrow  thou  shall  be  slain. 
So  Michal  let  David  down  through  a 
window,  and  he  went,  and  fled,  and 
escaped."] 


me  from  mine  ene- 
mies,  O  my  God  :  *  and 
defend  me  from  them  that  rise  up 
against  me. 

Deliver  me  from  the  workers  of 
iniquity  :  *  and  save  me  from  bloody 
men. 

For,  lo,  they  lie  in  wait  for  my 
life  :  *  the  mighty  have  fallen  upon 
me. 

Not  for  my  transgression,  not  for 
my  sin,  O  LORD  ;  *  I  ran  and 
ordered  myself  without  fault. 

Awake  to  meet  me,  and  behold  : 

*  O  Thou,  the  LORD  God  of  hosts, 
the  God  of  Israel  ! 

Awake  to  visit  all  the  heathen  : 

*  be    not   merciful   to   any   wicked 
transgressors.1 

They  come  at  evening  and  hunger 
like  dogs  ;  *  and  go  round  about 
the  city. 

Behold,  they  yelp  with  their 
mouth,  and  a  sword  is  in  their  lips  : 

*  for  who,  say  they,  doth  hear  ? 
But  Thou,  O  LORD,  shalt  laugh 

at  them  :  *  Thou  shalt  bring  all 
the  heathen  to  nought. 

O  my  strength,  I  will  wait  upon 
Thee,  for  Thou,  O  God,  art  my 
defence  :  *  the  mercy  of  my  God 
shall  receive  me. 

God  shall  let  me  see  all  my 
desire  upon  mine  enemies  :  slay 
them  not  ;  *  lest  my  people  forget. 

Scatter  them  by  Thy  power  :  * 
and  bring  them  down,  O  Lord  our 
shield! 

For  the  sin  of  their  mouth,  and 
the  words  of  their  lips  :  *  let  them 
even  be  taken  in  their  pride  ; 

1  SLH. 


And  at  the  end  they  shall  be 
spoken  of  for  cursing  and  lying : 

*  and  in  the  wrath  at  the  end  they 
shall  perish. 

And  they  shall  know  that  God 
ruleth  in  Jacob,  *  and  unto  the 
ends  of  the  earth.1 

They  shall  return  at  evening, 
and  hunger  like  dogs :  *  and  go 
round  about  the  city. 

They  shall  wander  up  and  down 
for  meat;  *  and  grudge  if  they  be 
not  satisfied. 

But   I   will   sing   of  Thy   power : 

*  yea,   I    will    sing   aloud    of  Thy 
mercy  in  the  morning. 

For  Thou  hast  been  my  defence, 
*  and  refuge  in  the  day  of  my 
trouble. 

Unto  Thee,  O  my  strength,  will 
I  sing,  for  God  is  my  defence,  * 
the  God  of  my  mercy. 

Antiphon.  2  Judge  uprightly,  O 
ye  sons  of  men. 

Fourth  Antiphon.     Give  us. 

Psalm  LIX. 

[This  Psalm  has  a  superscription,  prob 
ably  musical,  but  the  meaning  of  which  is 
now  uncertain.  It  then  proceeds: — "Of 
David,  when  he  strove  with  Mesopotamia, 
and  with  Western  Syria,  when  Joab  re 
turned  and  smote  of  Edom  in  the  valley 
of  Salt "  (viz.  the  Jordan  valley  near  the 
Dead  Sea)  "  twelve  thousand."  The  oc 
casion  was  some  very  successful  wars  which 
David  carried  on  against  several  neighbour 
ing  kings,  and  which  are  described  in  2 
Kings  (Sam.)  viii.  and  I  Par.  (Chron.) 
xviii.  The  Psalm  seems  to  have  been 
written  under  some  temporary  reverses 
during  the  campaign.] 

OGOD,  Thou  hast  cast  us  off, 
and    scattered    us :    *    Thou 
hast  been  displeased,  and  hast  had 
mercy  upon  us. 

2  Ps.  Ivii.  2. 


WEDNESDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


Thou  hast  made  the  earth  to 
tremble,  and  hast  broken  it :  * 
heal  the  breaches  thereof,  for  it 
shaketh. 

Thou  hast  showed  Thy  people 
hard  things  :  *  Thou  hast  made 
us  to  drink  the  wine  of  astonish 
ment. 

Thou  hast  given  a  warning  to 
them  that  fear  Thee,  *  that  they 
may  fly  from  before  the  bow.1 

That  Thy  beloved  may  be  deliv 
ered  :  *  save  with  Thy  right  hand, 
and  hear  me. 

God  hath  spoken  in  His  holi 
ness  :  *  I  will  rejoice  and  divide 
Shechem,  and  mete  out  the  valley 
of  booths.2 

Gilead  is  mine,  and  Manasseh 
is  mine  :  *  Ephraim  also  is  the 
strength  of  mine  head.3 

Judah  is  my  King :  *  Moab  is 
the  vessel  [of  the  triumph]  of  mine 
hope.4 

Over  Edom  will  I  cast  out  my 
shoe  :  *  over  the  "  Strangers " 5 
have  I  triumphed. 

Who  will  bring  me  into  the 
strong  city?  *  who  will  lead  me 
into  Edom? 

Wilt  not  Thou,  O  God,  Who 
hast  cast  us  off?  *  and  wilt  not 
Thou  go  out  with  our  armies,  O 
God? 

Give  us  help  from  trouble :  * 
for  vain  is  the  help  of  man. 

Through  God  we  shall  do  vali 
antly  :  *  for  He  it  is  That  shall 
tread  down  our  enemies. 


Psalm  LX. 

[Intituled  "of  David."  It  has  also  a 
musical  (?)  superscription  now  of  uncertain 
meaning.] 

7_J  EAR  my  cry,  O  God  :  *  attend 
-*•  -*•  unto  my  prayer. 

From  the  ends  of  the  earth  I 
cried  unto  Thee :  *  when  mine 
heart  was  overwhelmed,  Thou  didst 
lift  me  up  upon  a  rock. 

Thou  didst  lead  me,  for  Thou 
hast  been  a  shelter  for  me,  *  a 
strong  tower  from  the  enemy. 

I  will  abide  in  Thy  tabernacle 
for  ever  :  *  I  will  make  my 
refuge  in  the  covert  of  Thy 
wings.1 

For  Thou,  O  God,  hast  heard 
my  vows  :  *  Thou  hast  given  the 
heritage  to  those  that  fear  Thy 
name. 

Thou  wilt  prolong  the  King's 
life :  *  and  his  years  to  many 
generations. 

He  shall  abide  before  God  for 
ever :  *  who  will  seek  for  His 
mercy  and  truth? 

So  will  I  sing  praise  unto  Thy 
name  for  ever  :  *  that  I  may  daily 
perform  my  vows. 

Antiphon.  6  Give  us  help  from 
trouble,  O  Lord. 

Fifth  Antiphon.  Doth  not  my 
soul. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used  the  Psalm 
commences  with  the  words  "  Wait  upon 
God." 


1  SLH. 

2  Shechem,  now  Nablus,  in  the  valley  between  Mounts  Ebal  and  Gerizim,  called  the 
"  valley  of  booths  "  from  those  which  Jacob  erected  there  for  his  cattle.     Gen.  xxxiii.   17. 

3  These  three  form  the  central  district  of  the  Land  of  Promise. 

4  The  Hebrew  is — "  Moab  is  my  wash-pot,"  that  is,  a  receptacle  for  off-scourings.     The 
comparison  is  with  the  Divinely  appointed  sovereignty  of  Judah,  respecting  whom  see 
Gen.  xlix.   10. 

5  That  is,  the  Philistines.  6  Ps.  lix.  13. 


114 


THE   PSALTER. 


Psalm  LXI. 

[This  Psalm  has  exactly  the  same  super 
scription  as  Ps.  xxxviii.] 


not  my  soul  wait  upon 
God  ?  *  for  from  Him  com- 
eth  my  salvation. 

He  only  is  my  God  and  my 
salvation  :  *  He  is  my  defence,  I 
shall  not  be  greatly  moved. 

How  long  will  ye  run  together 
against  a  man  ?  *  Do  ye  slay,  all 
of  you  [one  that  is]  as  a  bowing 
wall  and  as  a  tottering  fence? 

Truly  they  imagined  to  cast  me 
down  from  mine  honour,  when  I 
ran  in  my  thirst  :  *  they  blessed 
with  their  mouth  and  cursed  in 
their  heart.1 

But  wait  thou  on  God,  O  my 
soul  :  *  for  mine  expectation  is 
from  Him. 

For  He  only  is  my  God  and  my 
salvation  :  *  He  is  mine  helper,  I 
shall  not  be  moved. 

In  God  is  my  salvation  and  my 
glory  :  He  is  the  God  of  my 
strength,  and  my  refuge  is  in  God. 

Trust  in  Him,  ye  congregation 
of  the  people,  pour  out  your  heart 
before  him  :  *  God  is  our  help  for 
ever.1 

Surely  the  sons  of  men  are  vanity, 
the  sons  of  men  are  a  lie  in  the 
balance  :  *  they  are  a  deceit,  alto 
gether  lighter  than  vanity. 

Trust  not  in  iniquity,  and  desire 
not  robbery  :  *  if  riches  increase, 
set  not  your  heart  upon  them. 

God  hath  spoken  once,  these  two 
things  have  I  heard  ;  that  power  be- 
longeth  unto  God  :  also  unto  Thee,  O 
Lord,  belongeth  mercy  :  *  for  Thou 
shalt  render  to  every  man  according 
to  his  works. 


Psalm  LXI  1 1. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David  "  with  a 
farther  superscription  of  meaning  now 
uncertain.] 

T_T  EAR  my  voice,  O  God,  in  my 
•*•  -*-  prayer :  *  preserve  my  life 
from  fear  of  the  enemy. 

Thou  hast  hidden  me  from  the 
secret  counsel  of  the  wicked,  *  from 
the  insurrection  of  the  workers  of 
iniquity. 

For  they  whet  their  tongue  like 
a  sword :  *  they  bend  their 
bow,  even  bitter  words,  that  they 
may  shoot  in  secret  at  the  per 
fect. 

Suddenly  do  they  shoot  at  him 
and  fear  not :  *  they  encourage 
themselves  in  evil  purpose. 

They  commune  of  laying  snares 
privily  :  *  they  say :  Who  shall  see 
them  ? 

They    search    out    iniquities : 
they  accomplish  a  diligent  search. 

Man  shall  attain  to  thoughts  that 
are  very  deep :  *  but  God  shall 
[still]  be  exalted. 

The  arrows  of  babes  have  pierced 
them :  *  and  their  tongues  are 
weakened  against  them. 

All  that  saw  them  were  moved  : 

*  and  all  men  feared, 

And  declared  the  work  of 
God,  *  and  understood  His 
doings. 

The  righteous  shall  be  glad  in 
the  LORD,  and  shall  trust  in  Him  : 

*  and  all  the  upright  in  heart  shall 
glory. 

Antiphon.  2  Doth  not  my  soul 
wait  upon  God  ? 

Sixth  Antiphon.  O  bless  our 
God. 


1  SLH. 


Ps.  Ixi.  2. 


WEDNESDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


Psalm  LXV. 

[Except  the  words  "  Psalm  or  Song  "  the 
title  of  this  Psalm  is  not  now  certainly 
understood.  The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX. 
add  "for  the  uprising."] 

A  l\  AKE  a  joyful  noise  unto  God, 
£•  -••  all  ye  lands,  sing  forth  the 
honour  of  His  name :  *  make  His 
praise  glorious. 

Say  unto  God  :  How  terrible  art 
Thou  in  Thy  works,  O  Lord!  * 
through  the  greatness  of  Thy  power 
shall  Thine  enemies  feign  to  submit 
themselves  unto  Thee. 

Let  all  the  earth  worship  Thee, 
and  sing  unto  Thee :  • '  let  them 
sing  praises  to  Thy  Name.1 

Come  and  see  the  works  of  God ; 

*  He   is   terrible    in    His   counsels 
toward  the  children  of  men. 

He  turned  the  sea  into  dry  land, 
they  went  through  the  flood  on  foot : 

*  there  did  we  rejoice  in  Him. 

He  ruleth  by  His  power  for  ever, 
His  eyes  behold  the  nations  :  *  let 
not  the  rebellious  exalt  themselves.1 

0  bless  our   God,   ye   people :  * 
and  make  the  voice  of  His  praise  to 
be  heard. 

Who    holdeth    my    soul    in    life : 

*  and  suffereth  not  my  feet  to  be 
moved. 

For  Thou,  O  God,  hast  proved 
us  :  *  Thou  hast  tried  us  with  fire, 
as  silver  is  tried. 

Thou  broughtest  us  into  the  net, 
Thou  laidst  affliction  upon  our 
back  :  *  Thou  hast  caused  men  to 
ride  over  our  heads. 

We  went  through  fire  and  through 
water :  *  and  Thou  broughtest  us 
out  into  a  place  of  refreshment. 

1  will  go  into  Thine  house  with 


burnt-offerings :  *  I  will  pay  Thee 
my  vows,  which  my  lips  have  uttered, 

And  my  mouth  hath  spoken,  * 
when  I  was  in  trouble. 

I  will  offer  unto  Thee  burnt- 
sacrifices  of  fatlings,  with  the  in 
cense  of  rams  :  *  I  will  offer  unto 
Thee  bullocks  with  goats.1 

Come,  hear,  all  ye  that  fear  God, 
and  I  will  declare  *  what  He  hath 
done  for  my  soul. 

I  cried  unto  Him  with  my  mouth, 

*  and  extolled  Him  with  my  tongue. 
If  I  regard  iniquity  in  mine  heart, 

*  the  Lord  will  not  hear  me. 
Therefore   God    hath    heard   me, 

*  and  attended  to  the  voice  of  my 
prayer. 

Blessed  be  God,  *  Who  hath  not 
turned  away  my  prayer,  nor  His 
mercy  from  me. 

Psalm  LXVII. 

[The  meaning  of  the  title  of  this  Psalm, 
except  the  ascription  of  authorship  "  To 
David,"  is  now  uncertain.] 

T  ET  God  arise,  and  let  His 
••— '  enemies  be  scattered :  *  let 
them  also  that  hate  Him  flee  before 
Him. 

As  smoke  is  driven  away,  so  let 
them  be  driven  away :  *  as  wax 
melteth  before  the  fire,  so  let  the 
wicked  perish  at  the  presence  of 
God. 

But  let  the  righteous  be  glad,  and 
rejoice  before  God  :  *  yea,  let  them 
exceedingly  rejoice. 

Sing  unto  God,  sing  praises  to 
His  name  :  *  spread  a  path  before 
Him  That  rideth  upon  the  heavens  : 
The  LORD  2  is  His  name. 


1  SLH. 

'2  "The  LORD"  is  here,  as  elsewhere,  substituted  out  of  profound  reverence  for  the  real 
name  of  God,  the  Unspeakable  Word,  called  the  "  Tetragrammaton,"  from  its  four  letters. 


THE   PSALTER. 


Rejoice  before  Him  :  *  fear  shall 
go  before  the  face  of  Him  That  is 
the  Father  of  the  fatherless,  and  the 
Judge  of  the  widows  : 

Even  God  in  His  holy  habitation  : 

*  God,  That  maketh  men  to  be  of 
one  mind  in  an  house. 

He  bringeth  out  those  which  are 
bound  with  chains,  *  but  they  that 
provoke  Him  dwell  among  the 
graves. 

O  God,  when  Thou  wentest 
forth  before  Thy  people,  *  when 
Thou  didst  march  through  the 
wilderness — l 

The  earth  shook;  the  heavens 
also  dropped  at  the  presence  of  the 
God  of  Sinai,  *  at  the  presence  of 
the  God  of  Israel. 

Thou,  O  God,  didst  send  a  plen 
tiful  rain  2  upon  Thine  inheritance  : 

Thou  didst  refresh  Thine  inheri 
tance  when  it  was  weary. 

Thy  flock  dwelt  therein  :  *  Thou, 
O  God,  didst  provide  in  Thy  good 
ness  for  the  poor. 

The  Lord  gave  the  word  *  to 
the  great  company  that  published 
it. 

3  The  king  of  the  hosts  is  [fallen 
into  the  hands]  of  the  Well-beloved  : 

*  and  the  fair  ones  that  tarried  at 
home  have  divided  the  spoils. 

Though  ye  have  lien  among  the 
sheep-folds,4  yet  shall  ye  be  as  the 
wings  of  a  dove,  covered  with  silver, 


*  and  her  tail-feathers  with  yellow 
gold. 

When  the  [God]  of  heaven  had 
scattered  kings  in  it,  then  white  as 
with  snow  was  Salmon,5  *  that  hill 
of  God,  that  fruitful  hill. 

An  hill  of  many  peaks,  a  fruitful 
hill :  *  why  look  ye  enviously  upon 
the  high  hills  ? 

This 6  is  the  hill  which  God  de- 
sireth  to  dwell  in  :  *  yea,  the  LORD 
will  dwell  in  it  unto  the  end. 

The  chariots  of  God  are  many 
times  ten  thousand,  even  thousands 
of  the  blessed  :  *  the  Lord  is  among 
them;  [as]  in  Sinai,  [so]  in  the 
Holy  place. 

Thou  hast  ascended  on  high, 
Thou  hast  led  captivity  captive  :  * 
Thou  hast  received  gifts  among 
men, 

Even  them  that  believe  not  * 
that  the  LORD  God  dwelleth  among 
them. 

Blessed  be  the  Lord  daily  :  *  the 
God  of  our  salvation  maketh  our 
way  prosperous.7 

He  That  is  our  God  is  the  God 
of  salvation  :  *  and  unto  the  LORD, 
even  the  Lord,  belong  the  issues 
from  death. 

But  God  shall  wound  the  head 
of  His  enemies  :  *  the  hairy  scalp 
of  such  an  one  as  goeth  on  still 
in  his  trespasses. 

The    Lord    said :     I    will    bring 


52  Perhaps  the  manna  is  meant. 

It  need  not  be  remarked  that  the  sense  of  this  verse  is  very  obscure.     In  the  view  of 
«P  ^ree,k,,translators  there  see™s  to  be  a  play  upon  the  name  of  David,  which  signifies 
-Beloved.        _  Perhaps  an  allusion  to  an  army  camping  out  in  the  fields. 

A  mountain  in  Samaria,  near  Shechem,  where  David  won  great  victories  over  some 

neighbouring  kings      See  Ps.  lix.,  p.  63.     Gesenius  thinks  that  ''white  as  with  snow"  is 

•e  understood  "white  with  the  bleached  bones  of  the  slain."     But  a  modern  writer, 

scribing  a  battle  in  the  Soudan,  and  the  defeat  and  flight  of  the  Dervishes,  says,  "  they 

broke,  and  fled    leaving  the  field  white  with  jibbah-clad  corpses,  like  a  meadow  dotted 

with  snowdrifts. 

6  Namely,  perhaps,  the  group  of  hills  on  which  Jerusalem  stands,  as  opposed  to  the 
higher  and  more  picturesque  mountains  at  Shechem.  7  SLH. 


WEDNESDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


117 


them  again  from  Bashan  l :  *  I  will 
bring  them  back  from  the  depths 
of  the  sea. 

That  thy  foot  may  be  dipped  in 
the  blood  of  thine  enemies,  *  the 
tongue  of  thy  dogs  in  the  same. 

They  have  seen  Thy  goings,  O 
God,  *  even  the  goings  of  my  God, 
my  King,  Which  dwelleth  in  the 
sanctuary. 

The  singers  went  before,  the 
players  on  instruments  followed 
after,  *  among  the  damsels  playing 
with  timbrels. 

Bless  ye  God  in  the  congrega 
tions,  even  the  Lord,  *  ye  that  are 
of  the  fountains  of  Israel ! 

There  is  little  Benjamin,  *  in  the 
joy  of  his  heart, 

The  princes  of  Judah,  their 
leaders,  *  the  princes  of  Zabulon, 
the  princes  of  Nephthali. 

Command  it,  O  God,  in  Thy 
strength  :  *  strengthen,  O  God,  that 
which  Thou  hast  wrought  for  us. 

Because  of  thy  temple  at  Jeru 
salem,  *  shall  kings  bring  presents 
unto  Thee. 

Rebuke  the  beasts  of  the  reeds,2 
the  multitude  of  the  bulls  with  the 
cows  of  the  people,  *  [who  watch] 
that  they  may  cut  off  them  that  are 
tried  like  silver.3 

Scatter  Thou  the  people  that  de 
light  in  war  :  ambassadors  shall  come 
out  of  Egypt :  *  Ethiopia  shall  soon 
stretch  out  her  hands  unto  God. 

Sing  unto  God,  ye  kingdoms  of 
the  earth :  *  O  sing  praises  unto 
the  Lord.4 


O  sing  praises  unto  God,  even 
unto  Him  that  rideth  upon  the 
heaven  of  heavens  *  from  the  day- 
spring. 

Lo,  He  shall  send  out  His  voice, 
and  that  a  mighty  voice.  Ascribe 
ye  strength  unto  God ;  *  over  Israel 
is  His  excellency,  and  His  strength 
is  in  the  clouds. 

God  is  wonderful  in  His  holy 
places:  the  God  of  Israel  is  He 
That  shall  give  strength  and  power 
unto  his  people  :  *  blessed  be  God. 

Antiphon?  O  bless  our  God,  ye 
people. 

Antiphon  for  Paschal  time.  Al 
leluia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Then  is  said  a  Verse  and  Answer. 
In  Advent. 

Verse.  The  LORD  cometh  out  of 
His  holy  place. 

Answer.  He  will  come  and  save 
His  people. 

During  the  rest  of  the  year. 

Verse.  6  O  God,  I  have  declared 
my  life  unto  Thee. 

Answer.  Thou  hast  put  my  tears 
in  Thy  sight. 

In  Lent. 

Verse.  His  truth  shall  be  thy 
shield. 

Answer.  Thou  shalt  not  be 
afraid  for  the  terror  by  night. 

In  Passion  time. 

Verse.  Take  not  away  my  soul 
with  sinners,  O  God. 


1  The  campaign  of  David  related  in  2  Kings  (Sam.)  viii.  and  I  Par.  (Chron.)  xviii. 
extended  to  this  neighbourhood. 

2  Perhaps  meaning  wild  buffaloes.     As  to  the  comparison  of  the  enemy  to  wild  cattle, 
compare  Ps.  xxi.  13,  "  Many  bulls  have  compassed  me,  strong  bulls  have  beset  me  round." 

(  If  the  words  are  to  be  taken  thus,  the  reference  is  perhaps  to  David's  veterans,  but  the 
lore  likely  to  be  "  those  that  submissively  offer  in  tribute  pieces  of  silver." 

5    T>_       1 O  «    -•-»          i 


meaning  seems  more 
4  SLH, 


5  Ps.  Ixv.  8. 


6  Ps.  Iv.  9. 


iiS 


THE   PSALTER. 


Answer.  Nor  my  life  with  bloody 
men. 

In  Paschal  time. 

Verse.  The  disciples  were  glad, 
Alleluia. 

Answer.  When  they  saw  the  Lord, 
Alleluia. 

The  rest  is  the  same  as  the  Third 
Nocturn  of  the  preceding  Sunday,  ex 
cept  necessary  differences.  The  Lessons 
are  those  of  the  day.  The  Responsories 
are  arranged  according  to  the  rules  in 
Chapter  xxvii.  4,  5,  of  the  General 
Rubrics. 

Simple  Feasts.  It  is  to  be  remem 
bered  that  when  a  Simple  Feast  is  kept 
on  Wednesday,  the  Invitatory  and  Hymn 
are  of  the  Feast,  being  taken  from  the 
Common  of  Saints  of  the  class,  unless 
specially  given.  Then  the  Psalms  and 
Antiphons  of  the  week- day,  as  given 
above.  Then  is  said  a  Verse  and  An 
swer  as  follows ; 

For  one  or  many  Martyrs  in  Paschal 
time. 

Verse.  l  Everlasting  joy  upon 
their  heads,  Alleluia. 

Answer.  They  shall  obtain  joy 
and  gladness,  Alleluia. 

For  one  Martyr,  (out  of  Paschal  time.} 

Verse.  2  His  glory  is  great  in 
Thy  salvation. 

Answer.  Honour  and  great  ma 
jesty  shalt  Thou  lay  upon  him. 

For  many  Martyrs,  (out  of  Paschal 
time.} 

Verse.  3  The  righteous  shall  live 
for  evermore. 

Answer.  Their  reward  also  is 
with  the  Lord. 

For  a  Bishop  and  Confessor. 

Verse.  4Thou  art  a  Priest  for 
ever. 

[In  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 
1  Isa.  xxxv.  10.         2  Ps.  xx.  6.          3  Wisd. 


Answer.     After  the  order  of  Mel- 
chisedeck. 

\In  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 

For  a  Confessor  not  a  Bishop. 

Verse.     5The  law  of  his  God  is 
in  his  heart. 

[In  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 
Answer.     And  his  steps  shall  not 
slide. 

[/?/  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 
For  one  Holy  Woman  of  any  kind. 

Verse.     God  hath  chosen  her,  and 
fore-chosen  her. 

\In  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 
Answer.     He  hath  made   her  to 
dwell  in  His  tabernacle. 

\In  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 

The  others,  as  well  as  what  follows, 
to  the  end  of  the  Service,  are  taken  from 
the  Third  Nocturn  of  the  Office  Common 
to  Saints  of  the  class,  unless  something 
special  be  appointed,  except  necessary 
differences.  The  Lessons  are  arranged 
according  to  the  rules  in  Chapter  xxvi. 
4,  of  the  general  Rubrics.  The  Hymn 
"We  praise  Thee,  O  God,"  is  said  at 
the  end,  instead  of  a  Third  Responsory. 
The  Responsories  are  arranged  accord 
ing  to  the  Rules  in  Chapter  xxvii.  4,  5,  of 
the  General  Rubrics.  Thus : — 

The  Lord's  Prayer  is  said  : 

OUR  Father  (inaudibly),  Who  art 
in  heaven,  Hallowed  be  Thy 
Name.  Thy  Kingdom  come.  Thy 
will  be  done  on  earth,  as  it  is  in 
heaven.  Give  us  this  day  our  daily 
bread.  And  forgive  us  our  tres 
passes,  as  we  forgive  them  that  tres 
pass  against  us.  (Aloud.) 

Verse.       And    lead    us    not    into 
temptation. 

Answer. 
evil. 


But    deliver    us    from 


v.  16.          4  Ps.  cix.  4.         5  Ps.  xxxvi.  31. 


WEDNESDAY   AT    MATTINS. 


119 


Then  this  Absolution  : 

IV /["AY  the  Almighty  and  merciful 
±V*.  Lord  loose  us  from  the  bonds 
of  our  sins. 

Answer.     Amen. 

Then  the  Reader  says : 

Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 
ing. 

First  Blessing,  if  the  Lesson  be  from 
Scripture. 

May  His  blessing  be  upon  us, 
Who  doth  live  and  reign  for  ever. 
Answer.     Amen. 

First  Blessing,  if  the  Lesson  be  of  an 
Homily. 

May  the  Gospel's  saving  Lord 
Bless  the  reading  of  His  Word. 
Answer.     Amen. 


First  Blessing  on  a  Simple  Feast. 

May  His  blessing  be  upon  us 
Who  doth  live  and  reign  for  ever. 
Answer.     Amen. 


Then  is  read  the  First  Lesson  from 
Scripture  or  from  the  Homily,  or  on  a 
Simple  Feast  either  the  First  from 
Scripture,  or,  if  the  Sai?it  or  Saints 
have  two  Lessons,  the  whole  three  from 
Scripttire  read  together  as  one. 

Then  the  First  Responsory,  unless 
otherwise  directed.  On  a  week- day  kept 
as  such,  this  is  the  First  Responsory  of 
the  preceding  Simday.  On  a  Simple 
Feast,  the  First  Responsory  in  the  Com 
mon  Office  for  the  class  to  which  the 
Saint  belongs. 

Then  the  Reader  says : 

Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 
ing. 

Second  Blessing,  if  the  Lesson   be   of 
Scripture  or  from  an  Homily. 

God's  most  mighty  strength  alway 
Be  His  people's  staff  and  stay. 
Answer.     Amen. 


Second  Blessing,  for  a  Simple  Feast. 

He  (or  She  or  They)  whose  feast-day 

we  are  keeping 
Plead  for  us  before  the  Lord. 
Ansiver.     Amen. 

Then  is  read  the  Second  Lesson,  either 
from  Scripture  or  from  an  Homily,  or 
on  a  Simple  Feast  either  the  Second 
and  Third  Lessons  from  Scripture 
read  together  as  one,  or  if  the  Saint 
or  Saints  have  two  Lessons,  the  first 
of  these. 

Then  the  Second  Responsory,  unless 
otherwise  directed.  On  a  week-day  kept 
as  such,  this  is  the  Second  Responsory 
of  the  preceding  Sunday,  but  in  Paschal 
time  there  is  added  to  it : 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

And  the  Answer  of  the  Responsory  is 
repeated  again. 

On  a  Simple  Feast  the  Second  Re 
sponsory  in  the  Common  Office  for  the 
class  to  which  the  Saint  belongs,  with 
the  addition  of  "Glory  be  to  the 
Father,"  &*c.,  and  the  repetition  of 
the  Answer. 

Then  the  Reader  says : 

Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 
ing. 

Third  Blessing. 

May  He  That  is  the  Angels'  King 
To  that  high  realm  His  people  bring. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Then  is  read  the  Third  Lesson  either 
from  Scripture,  or  of  the  Homily,  or  on 
Simple  Feasts  the  Second  or  only  Lesson 
of  the  Saint. 

Then,  on  Simple  Feasts  and  on  any 
day  in  Paschal  time  is  said  the  Hymn, 
"We  praise  Thee,  O  God."  But  on 
week-days  kept  as  such  out  of  Paschal 
time  the  Third  Respo?isory  of  the  pre 
ceding  Sunday. 


I2O 


THE   FOURTH    DAY   OF   THE   WEEK. 


All  as  on  Sundays,  except  as  other 
wise  given  here. 

The  Psalms  arc  as  follows: 
Antiphon.     Wash  me. 

Psalm  L. 
Have  mercy  upon   me,   £c.,  (/. 


Antiphon.  Wash  me  throughly 
from  mine  iniquity,  O  Lord. 

Second  Antiphon.  Praise  be- 
cometh  Thee. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words,  "  O  God,  in 
Zion." 

Psalm  LX1V. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm.  A  Song  of 
David,"  with  a  musical  (?)  superscription. 
The  Vulgate  adds  that  its  use  was  pre 
scribed  by  Jeremiah  and  Ezekiel  to  the 
exiles  when  they  began  to  return  from 
the  Captivity.] 

PRAISE  becometh  Thee,  O  God, 
in    Zion  :    *    and    unto    Thee 
shall  the  vow  be  performed  in  Jeru 
salem. 

Hear  my  prayer  :  *  unto  Thee 
shall  all  flesh  come. 

Iniquities  prevail  against  us  :  * 
but  as  for  our  transgressions,  Thou 
shalt  purge  them  away. 


Blessed  is  the  man  whom  Thou 
choosest,  and  causest  to  come  near 
unto  Thee :  *  he  shall  dwell  in 
Thy  courts  : 

We  shall  be  satisfied  with  the 
goodness  of  Thine  house :  *  Thy 
temple  is  holy,  terrible  in  right 
eousness. 

Answer  us,  O  God  of  our  salva 
tion  :  *  Thou  that  art  the  confidence 
of  all  the  ends  of  the  earth,  and 
of  the  uttermost  parts  of  the  sea! 

Thou  that  by  Thy  strength  settest 
fast  the  mountains,  being  girded 
with  power :  *  Thou  that  stirrest 
up  the  depth  of  the  sea,  and  the 
noise  of  his  waves ! 

The  heathen  shall  be  troubled. 
They  that  dwell  in  the  uttermost 
parts  shall  be  afraid  at  Thy  tokens  : 
*  Thou  makest  the  outgoings  of  the 
morning  and  evening  to  rejoice. 

Thou  visitest  the  earth  and  water- 
est  it :  *  Thou  greatly  enrichest  it : 

The  river  of  God  is  full  of  water  : 
Thou  makest  ready  their  corn,  *  for 
Thou  hast  so  prepared  it. 

Drench  her  furrows,  increase  the 
fruits  thereof:  *  the  springing  there 
of  shall  rejoice  at  her  showers. 

Thou  crownest  the  year  with  Thy 
goodness :  *  and  Thy  fields  teem 
with  fruitfulness. 

The  green   places   of  the  wilder- 


WEDNESDAY   AT   LAUDS. 


121 


ness  wax  fruitful  :    *  and   the   little 
hills  are  girded  with  joy. 

The  pastures  are  clothed  with 
flocks  ;  the  valleys  also  overflow 
with  corn  :  *  they  shout  for  joy, 
yea,  they  sing. 

Antiphon.  Praise  becometh  Thee, 
O  God,  in  Zion. 

Third  Antiphon.     O  my  God. 

Psalms  LXII.,  LXVI. 
O  God,  Thou  art  my  God,  &c., 


Antiphon.  O  my  God,  my  lips 
shall  praise  Thee  while  I  live. 

Fourth  Antiphon.  The  LORD 
shall  judge. 

THK  SONG  OF  HANNAH,    (i  Kings 
(Sam.)  ii.) 

[Composed  by  her  when  she  brought  her 
son  Samuel  and  presented  him  to  the  LORD. 
See  i  Kings  (Sam.)  i.  ii.,  (Monday  and 
Tuesday  after  Trinity  Sunday.)] 


heart  rejoiceth  in  the 
LORD,  *  and  mine  horn  is 
exalted  in  my  GOD  :  l 

My  mouth  is  enlarged  over  mine 
enemies  :  *  because  I  rejoice  in  Thy 
salvation. 

There  is  none  holy  as  the  LORD  ; 
for  there  is  none  beside  Thee  :  * 
neither  is  there  any  mighty  like  our 
God. 

Talk  no  more  *  so  exceeding 
proudly. 

Let  your  old  arrogancy  depart  out 
of  your  mouth  :  for  the  LORD  is  a 
God  of  knowledge,  *  and  by  Him 
thoughts  are  judged. 

The  bows  of  the  mighty  men  are 
broken,  *  and  they  that  stumbled 
are  girded  with  strength. 


They  that  were  full  have  hired 
out  themselves  for  bread :  *  and 
they  that  were  hungry  are  filled. 

So  that  the  barren  hath  borne 
fruitfully :  *  and  she  that  had  many 
children  is  waxed  feeble. 

The  LORD  killeth,  and  maketh 
alive  :  *  He  bringeth  down  to  the 
grave,  and  bringeth  up. 

The  LORD  maketh  poor,  and 
maketh  rich:  *  He  bringeth  low, 
and  lifteth  up. 

He  raiseth  up  the  poor  out  of  the 
dust,  *  and  lifteth  up  the  beggar 
from  the  dunghill, 

To  set  them  among  princes,  *  and 
to  make  them  inherit  the  throne  of 
glory  : 

For  the  pillars  of  the  earth  are 
the  LORD'S,  *  and  He  hath  set  the 
world  upon  them. 

He  will  keep  the  feet  of  His 
saints,  and  the  wicked  shall  be  silent 
in  darkness  :  *  for  by  his  strength 
shall  no  man  prevail. 

The  adversaries  of  the  LORD  shall 
be  made  to  fear  Him  :  *  out  of 
heaven  also  shall  He  thunder  upon 
them. 

The  LORD  shall  judge  the  ends 
of  the  earth :  and  He  shall  give 
strength  unto  His  King,  *  and  exalt 
the  horn  of  His  Anointed. 

Antiphon.  The  LORD  shall  judge 
the  ends  of  the  earth. 

Fifth  Antiphon.     Praise  God. 

Psalms  CXLVIII.,  CXLIX.,  CL. 

Praise  ye  the  LORD  from  the 
heavens,  &<:.,  (//.  25,  26). 

Antiphon.  Praise  God,  ye  heavens 
of  heavens. 


The  Divine  Name. 


122 


THE   PSALTER. 


CHAPTER.    (Rom.  xiii.  12.) 

The  night  is  far  spent,  &c.,  (as  on 
Monday,  p.  89). 


HYMN.1 

HAUNTING    gloom    and    flitting 
shades, 

Ghastly  shapes,  away  ! 
Christ  is  rising,  and  pervades 
Highest  Heaven  with  day. 

He  with  His  bright  spear  the  Anight 

Dazzles  and  pursues  ; 
Earth  wakes  up,  and  glows  with  light 

Of  a  thousand  hues. 

Thee,  O  Christ,  and  Thee  alone, 

With  a  single  mind, 
We  with  chant  and  plaint  would  own  ; 

To  thy  flock  be  kind. 


Much  it  needs  Thy  light  divine, 

Spot  and  stain  to  clean  ; 
Light  of  Angels,  on  us  shine 

With  Thy  face  serene. 

To  the  Father,  and  the  Son, 

And  the  Holy  Ghost, 
Here  be  glory,  as  is  done 

By  the  angelic  host.  Amen. 

Verse.  Thou  hast  satisfied  us 
early  with  Thy  mercy. 

Answer.    We  rejoice  and  are  glad. 

Antiphon  for  the  Song  of  Zacharias. 
O  Lord,  save  us  *  from  the  hand  of 
all  that  hate  us. 

Commemoration  of  the  Cross  before  the 
other  Commemorations,  and  Long  Preces 
in  Advent  and  Lent,  on  the  Ember 
Wednesdays  (except  that  of  Pentecost) 
and  on  Fast-days,  as  on  Monday. 


1  Hymn  founded  on  hymn  in  the  Cathemerinon  of  Prudentius ;  translation  by  the  late 
Card.  Newman. 


I23 


at  JEattins. 

THE    FIFTH     DAY    OF    THE    WEEK. 


All  as  on  Sunday,  except  as  other 
wise  given  here. 

Invitatory. 
hath  made  us 
worship  Him. 


It  is  the  Lord  That 
:    *   O   come,  let 


Psalm  LXVIII. 

[Intituled  "Of  David,"  with 
certain)  musical  (?)  direction.] 


(now  un- 


US 


me, 


are 


HYMN.1 

A  LL  tender  lights,  all  hues  divine, 
-**•     The  night  has  swept  away  ; 
Shine  on  us,  Lord,  and  we  shall  shine 
Bright  in  an  inward  day. 

The  spots  of  guilt,  sin's  wages  base, 
Searcher  of  hearts,  we  own  ; 

Wash  us  and  robe  us  in  Thy  grace, 
Who  didst  for  sins  atone. 


O    God;      ''    for    the 
come   in   unto  my 


CAVE 
^     waters 
soul. 

I  sink  in  deep  mire,  *  where 
there  is  no  standing. 

I  am  come  into  the  depth  of  the 
sea,  *  and  the  flood  overfloweth  me. 

I  am  weary  of  my  crying,  my 
throat  is  dried :  *  mine  eyes  fail, 
v/hile  I  wait  for  my  God. 

They    that    hate    me    without    a 


The   sluggard   soul,   that   bears    their      cause,  *  are  more  than  the  hairs  of 
mark, 

Shrinks  in  its  silent  lair, 
Or  gropes  amid  its  chambers  dark 

For  Thee,  Who  art  not  there. 


Redeemer  !  send  Thy  piercing  rays, 

That  we  may  bear  to  be 
Set  in  the  light  of  Thy  pure  gaze, 

And  yet  rejoice  in  Thee. 

Grant  this,  O  Father,  Only  Son, 

And  Spirit,  God  of  grace, 
To  whom  all  worship  shall  be  done 

In  every  time  and  place. 

Amen. 

Only  one  No c turn  is  said. 
Antiphon.     Make  haste. 

In  Paschal  time  only  one  Antiphon 
is  said  to  the  whole  Nocturn.     Alleluia. 


mine  head. 

They  that  would  destroy  me, 
being  mine  enemies  wrongfully,  are 
mighty :  *  then  I  restored  that 
which  I  took  not  away. 

O  God,  Thou  knowest  my  fool 
ishness  :  *  and  my  faults  are  not 
hid  from  Thee. 

Let  not  them  that  wait  on  Thee, 
O  Lord,  be  ashamed  for  my  sake,  * 
Thou  LORD  of  hosts. 

Let  not  those  that  seek  Thee  * 
be  confounded  for  my  sake,  O  God 
of  Israel. 

Because  for  Thy  sake  I  have 
borne  reproach :  *  shame  hath 
covered  my  face. 


Ambrosian  hymn  ;  translation  by  the  late  Card.  Newman. 


I24 


THE   PSALTER. 


I  am  become  a  stranger  unto  my 
brethren,  *  and  an  alien  unto  my 
mother's  children. 

For  the  zeal  of  Thine  house  hath 
eaten  me  up  :  *  and  the  reproaches 
of  them  that  reproached  Thee  are 
fallen  upon  me. 

And  I  chastened  my  soul  with 
fasting  :  *  and  that  was  to  my  re 
proach. 

I  made  sackcloth  also  my  gar 
ment,  *  and  I  became  a  proverb  to 
them. 

They  that  sat  in  the  gate  spake 
against  me,  *  and  I  was  the  song  of 
the  drunkards. 

But  as  for  me,  my  prayer  is  unto 
Thee,  O  LORD  :  *  in  an  acceptable 
time,  O  God ! 

In  the  multitude  of  Thy  mercy 
hear  me,  *  in  the  truth  of  Thy 
salvation  ! 

Deliver  me  out  of  the  mire,  that 
I  sink  not :  *  deliver  me  from  them 
that  hate  me,  and  out  of  the  deep 
waters. 

Let  not  the  waterflood  overflow 
me,  neither  let  the  deep  swallow  me 


up, 


and  let  not  the  pit  shut  her 


mouth  upon  me. 

Hear  me,  O  LORD,  for  Thy 
loving  -  kindness  is  good  :  *  turn 
unto  me  according  to  the  multitude 
of  Thy  tender  mercies. 

And  hide  not  Thy  face  from  Thy 
servant,  *  for  I  am  in  trouble ;  hear 
me  speedily. 

Draw  nigh  unto  my  soul,  and  re 
deem  it :  *  deliver  me  because  of 
mine  enemies. 

Thou  knowest  my  reproach,  and 
my  shame,  *  and  my  dishonour. 

Mine  adversaries  are  all  before 
Thee  :  *  mine  heart  hath  looked  for 
reproach  and  bitterness. 

And  I  looked  for  some  to  take 


pity  on  me,  and  there  was  none  :  * 
and  for  comforters,  and  I  found 
none. 

They  gave  me  also  gall  for  meat : 

*  and  in    my  thirst   they  gave  me 
vinegar  to  drink. 

Let  their  table  be  made  a  snare 
before  them,  *  and  a  recompense, 
and  a  stumbling-block. 

Let  their  eyes  be  darkened,  that 
they  see  not :  *  and  ever  bow  Thou 
down  their  back. 

Pour  out  Thine  indignation  upon 
them,  *  and  let  Thy  wrathful  anger 
take  hold  of  them. 

Let  their  habitation  be  desolate  : 

*  and  let  none  dwell  in  their  tents. 
For    they    persecute    him    whom 

Thou    hast    smitten :          and    they 
embitter  the  pain  of  my  wounds. 
Add  iniquity  unto  their  iniquity  : 

*  and  let  them  not  come  into  Thy 
righteousness. 

Let  them  be  blotted  out  of  the 
book  of  the  living :  *  and  not  be 
written  with  the  righteous. 

But  I  am  poor  and  sorrowful :  * 
Thy  salvation,  O  God,  hath  set  me 
up  on  high. 

I  will  praise  the  name  of  God 
with  a  psalm,  *  and  will  magnify 
Him  with  thanksgiving. 

And  it  shall  please  GOD  better 
than  a  young  bullock,  *  that  hath 
horns  and  hoofs. 

Let  the  humble  see  this  and  be 
glad,  *  seek  God,  and  your  soul 
shall  live. 

For  the  LORD  heareth  the  poor : 

*  and  despiseth  not  His  prisoners. 
Let  the  heaven  and  earth  praise 

Him,    *    the    sea,    and    everything 
that  moveth  therein. 

For  God  will  save  Zion,  *  and 
the  cities  of  Judah  shall  be  built 
up. 


THURSDAY   AT    MATTINS. 


125 


And  they  shall  dwell  there,  * 
and  have  it  in  possession. 

The  seed  also  of  His  servants 
shall  inherit  it,  *  and  they  that 
love  His  name  shall  dwell  therein. 

Psalm  LXIX. 

[Intituled  "Of  David,  to  bring  to  re 
membrance  "  with  another  (now  uncertain) 
musical  (?)  superscription.  The  Vulgate 
and  the  LXX.  add  to  remembrance  "how 
the  Lord  had  saved  him "  ;  the  Targum 
associates  the  Psalm  with  the  offering  of 
the  incense.  This  Psalm  is  a  repetition 
of  the  last  four  verses  of  Ps.  xxxix.] 

IX/TAKE  haste,  O  God,  to  de- 
^V^  liver  me :  *  make  haste  to 
help  me,  O  LORD. 

Let  them  be  ashamed  and  con 
founded,  *  that  seek  after  my 
soul. 

Let  them  be  turned  backward 
and  put  to  confusion,  *  that  de 
sire  mine  hurt. 

Let  them  be  turned  back  with 
shame,  *  that  say  unto  me,  Aha, 
Aha. 

Let  all  those  that  seek  Thee  be 
joyful  and  glad  in  Thee,  *  and  let 
such  as  love  Thy  salvation  say  con 
tinually  :  Let  the  Lord  be  magnified. 

But  I  am  poor  and  needy  :  * 
help  me,  O  God. 

Thou  art  mine  help  and  my 
deliverer :  *  O  LORD,  make  no 
tarrying. 

Antiphon.  1  Make  haste,  O  Lord 
God,  to  deliver  me. 

Second  Antiphon.  Be  Thou  my 
God. 

Psalm  LXX. 

[The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  give  the 
heading,  "A  Psalm  of  David  ;  of  the  Sons 
of  Jonadab,  and  the  first  Captives."  The 


sons  of  Jonadab  are  the  descendants  of 
Jonadab,  the  son  of  Rechab,  of  whose 
faithfulness  to  observe  a  nomadic  life, 
and  to  abstain  from  wine,  it  is  written 
in  Jer.  xxxv.  19:  "Therefore  thus  saith 
the  LORD  of  Hosts,  the  God  of  Israel  : 
Jonadab,  the  son  of  Rechab,  shall  not 
want  a  man  to  stand  before  me  for 
ever."  They  had  taken  refuge  at  Jeru 
salem  to  escape  the  incursions  of  Nebu 
chadnezzar,  and  the  meaning  seems  to 
be  that  when  they  and  others  were  carried 
away  as  captives,  they  made  special  use 
of  this  Psalm.] 

TN  Thee,  O  LORD,  have  I  put 
^  my  trust,  let  me  never  be  put 
to  confusion  :  *  deliver  me  in  Thy 
righteousness,  and  cause  me  to  es 
cape. 

Incline  Thine  ear  unto  me,  * 
and  save  me. 

Be  Thou  my  God,  my  Pro 
tector,  and  my  strong  habitation, 

*  to  save  me. 

For  Thou  art  my  rock,  *  and 
my  fortress. 

Deliver  me,  O  my  God,  out  of 
the  hand  of  the  wicked,  *  and  out 
of  the  hand  of  the  unrighteous  and 
cruel  man. 

For  Thou  art  mine  hope,  O  Lord  : 

*  O  LORD,  Thou  art  my  trust  from 
my  youth. 

By  Thee  have  I  been  holden  up 
from  the  womb  :  *  Thou  art  my 
defence  from  my  mother's  bowels. 

My  praise  shall  be  continually 
of  Thee :  *  I  am  a  wonder  unto 
many :  but  Thou  art  my  strong 
refuge. 

Let  my  mouth  be  filled  with 
Thy  praise,  that  I  may  sing  of 
Thy  glory,  *  all  the  day  long  of 
Thy  greatness. 

Cast  me  not  off  in  the  time  of 
old  age :  *  forsake  me  not  when 
my  strength  faileth. 


1  Ps.  Ixix.  i. 


126 


THE   PSALTER. 


For  mine  enemies'*  speak  against 
me,  *  and  they  that  lay  wait  for 
my  soul  take  counsel  together, 

Saying  :  God  hath  forsaken  him  : 
persecute  and  take  him,  *  for  there 
is  none  to  deliver  him. 

O  God,  be  not  far  from  me  :  * 
O  my  God,  make  haste  for  mine 
help. 

Let  them  be  confounded  and 
consumed  that  are  adversaries  to 
my  soul :  *  let  them  be  covered 
with  reproach  and  dishonour,  that 
seek  mine  hurt. 

But  I  will  hope  continually,  * 
and  will  yet  praise  Thee  more  and 
more. 

My  mouth  shall  show  forth  Thy 
righteousness,  *  Thy  salvation  all 
the  day. 

And  because  I  know  not  the  tale 
thereof,  I  will  go  in  the  strength  of 
the  Lord  :  *  O  LORD,  I  will  make 
mention  of  Thy  righteousness,  even 
of  Thine  only. 

0  God,    Thou    hast    taught    me 
from    my    youth :      '    and    hitherto 
have     I     declared     Thy    wondrous 
works. 

Now  also  when  I  am  old  and 
grey-headed,  *  O  God,  forsake  me 
not, 

Until  I  have  showed  Thy  strength 
*  unto  all  generations,  that  are  to 
come. 

Thy  power  and  Thy  righteous 
ness,  O  God,  are  in  the  highest, 
Who  hast  done  great  things  :  *  O 
God,  who  is  like  unto  Thee? 

Thou  Who  hast  showed  me  great 
and  sore  troubles,  shalt  quicken  me 
again :  *  and  bring  me  up  again 
from  the  depths  of  the  earth. 

Thou  hast  increased  Thy  great 
ness  :  *  and  again  comforted  me. 

1  will  also   praise   Thee    on    the 


psaltery,  even  Thy  truth  :  *  O 
God,  unto  Thee  will  I  sing  with 
the  harp,  O  Thou  Holy  One  of 
Israel ! 

My  lips  shall  be  fain  when  I  sing 
unto  Thee,  *  and  my  soul  which 
Thou  hast  redeemed. 

My  tongue  also  shall  talk  of  Thy 
righteousness  all  the  day  long  :  *  for 
they  are  confounded  and  brought 
unto  shame  that  seek  mine  hurt. 

PSALM  LXXI. 

[Intituled  "  Of  Solomon,"  that  is,  written 
concerning  him.] 

GIVE  the  king  Thy  judgment,  O 
God,  *  and  Thy  righteousness 
unto  the  king's  son. 

To  judge  Thy  people  with  right 
eousness,  ' '  and  Thy  poor  with 
judgment. 

The  mountains  shall  receive  peace 
with  the  people,  *  and  the  little  hills 
righteousness. 

He  shall  judge  the  poor  of  the 
people,  and  save  the  children  of  the 
needy,  *  and  shall  break  in  pieces 
the  false  accuser. 

And  he  shall  endure  with  the  sun, 
and  before  the  moon,  *  throughout 
all  generations. 

He  shall  come  down  like  rain 
upon  a  fleece,  *  and  as  showers  that 
water  the  earth. 

In  his  days  shall  righteousness 
flourish,  and  abundance  of  peace, 
*  so  long  as  the  moon  endureth. 

He  shall  have  dominion  also  from 
sea  to  sea :  *  and  from  the  river 
unto  the  ends  of  the  earth. 

The  Ethiopians  shall  fall  before 
him  :  *  and  his  enemies  shall  lick 
the  dust. 

The  kings  of  Tarshish,  and  of  the 
isles  shall  bring  presents :  *  the 


THURSDAY   AT    MATTINS. 


127 


kings  of  Arabia  and  Saba l  shall 
offer  gifts. 

Yea,  all  the  kings  of  the  earth 
shall  fall  down  before  him :  all 
nations  shall  serve  him. 

For  he  shall  deliver  the  needy 
from  the  strong,  *  the  poor  also  that 
hath  no  helper. 

He  shall  spare  the  poor  and 
needy,  *  and  shall  save  the  souls  of 
the  needy. 

He  shall  redeem  their  soul  from 
fraud  and  violence  :  *  and  precious 
shall  their  name  be  in  his  sight. 

And  he  shall  live,  and  to  him 
shall  be  given  of  the  gold  of  Arabia  ; 
prayer  also  shall  be  made  for  him 
continually ;  *  all  the  day  long  shall 
he  be  blessed. 

And  there  shall  be  a  staff  of 
bread  in  the  land,  upon  the  top  of 
the  mountains ;  the  fruit  thereof 
shall  be  higher  than  Lebanon :  * 
and  they  of  the  city  shall  flourish 
like  grass  of  the  earth. 

Blessed  be  his  name  for  ever :  * 
his  name  endureth  as  long  as  the  sun. 

And  in  him  shall  all  the  kindreds 
of  the  earth  be  blessed  :  *  all  nations 
shall  call  him  blessed. 

Blessed  be  the  LORD  God  of  Is 
rael,  *  Who  only  doth  wondrous 
things. 

And  blessed  be  His  glorious 
Name  for  ever  :  *  and  let  the  whole 
earth  be  filled  with  his  glory :  Amen, 
Amen.2 

Antiphon.  3  Be  Thou  my  God, 
my  protector. 

Third  Antiphon.  Thou  hast  re 
deemed  the  rod. 


Psalm  LXXII. 
[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  Asaph."] 


God  is  good  to  Israel,  * 
to  such  as  are  upright  in 
heart. 

But  as  for  me,  my  feet  were  al 
most  gone  :  *  my  steps  had  well 
nigh  slipped. 

For  I  was  envious  at  the  un 
righteous,  *  when  I  saw  the  pros 
perity  of  the  wicked. 

For  they  have  no  thought  of 
death  :  *  and  they  are  uncon 
cerned  in  trial. 

They  are  not  in  trouble  as  other 
men,  *  neither  are  they  plagued  like 
other  men. 

Therefore  pride  compasseth  them 
about,  *  violence  and  ungodliness 
cover  them  as  a  garment. 

Their  iniquity  ariseth  as  it  were 
from  fatness  :  *  they  have  more 
than  heart  could  wish. 

They  think  and  speak  wickedness  : 
*  they  speak  loftily  concerning  op 
pression. 

They  set  their  mouth  against  the 
heavens,  *  and  their  tongue  walketh 
through  the  earth. 

Therefore  my  people  turn  aside 
after  them  :  *  and  the  men  of  their 
day  run  after  them. 

And  they  say  :  How  doth  God 
know,  *  and  is  there  knowledge  in 
the  Most  High  ? 

Behold,  these  are  the  ungodly, 
who  prosper  in  the  world,  *  they 
increase  in  riches. 

And  I  said  :  Then  I  have  cleansed 
mine  heart  in  vain,  *  and  washed 
mine  hands  in  innocency. 


1  This  seems  to  be  Meroe,  a  province  of  Ethiopia. 

2  After  this,  there  is  the  following  notification,   "The  prayers  of  David,  the  son  of 
Jesse,  are  ended,'1  and  this  is  the  end  of  the  second  of  the  five  books  into   which  the 
Psalter  is  divided.  3  Ps.  Ixx.  3. 


128 


THE    PSALTER. 


For  all  the  day  long  have  I  been 
plagued,  *  and  chastened  every 
morning. 

If  I  say :  I  will  speak  thus :  * 
behold,  I  should  disown  the  gener 
ation  of  Thy  children. 

And  I  thought  to  know  this,  * 
it  was  too  hard  for  me ; 

Until  I  went  into  the  Sanctuary 
of  God,  *  and  understood  their 
hereafter. 

Surely  Thou  dost  set  them  in 
slippery  places :  *  Thou  castest 
them  down  even  in  their  pros 
perity. 

How  are  they  brought  into  deso 
lation  ?  In  a  moment  are  they 
perished,  "  they  are  utterly  con 
sumed  because  of  their  wickedness. 

As   a   dream  when  one  awaketh, 

0  Lord,  *  Thou   shalt   bring  their 
image  to  nought  in  Thy  city. 

For  mine  heart  was  on  fire,  and 

1  was  pricked  in  my  reins ;  *  and  I 
was   brought  to   nothing  and  knew 
not : 

I  became  as  a  beast  before  Thee : 

*  nevertheless  I  am  continually  with 
Thee: 

Thou  hast  holden  me  by  my 
right  hand,  and  guided  me  accord 
ing  to  Thy  will,  *  and  received  me 
to  glory. 

For  what  have  I  in  heaven,  *  and 
what  is  there  upon  earth  that  I 
desire  beside  Thee  ? 

My  flesh  and  mine  heart  faileth  : 

*  Thou  art  the  God  of  mine  heart, 
and  God  is  my  portion  for  ever. 

For,  lo,  they  that  go  far  from 
Thee  shall  perish :  *  Thou  hast 
destroyed  all  them  that  go  a  whor 
ing  from  Thee. 

But  it  is  good  for  me  to  draw 
near  to  God  :  *  to  put  my  trust  in 
the  Lord  GOD, 


That  I  may  declare  all  Thy 
praises,  *  in  the  gates  of  the 
daughter  of  Zion. 

Psalm  LXXIII. 

[Intituled  "A  didactic  (?)  Psalm  of 
Asaph."] 

GOD,  why  hast  Thou  cast  us 
off  for  ever :  *  why  doth 
Thine  anger  smoke  against  the 
sheep  of  Thy  pasture  ? 

Remember  Thy  congregation,  * 
which  Thou  hast  purchased  of 
old. 

Thou  hast  redeemed  the  rod  of 
Thine  inheritance :  *  Mount  Zion 
wherein  Thou  hast  dwelt. 

Lift  up  Thine  hands  against  their 
perpetual  pride :  *  even  all  that 
the  enemy  hath  done  wickedly  in 
the  sanctuary  ! 

They  also  that  hate  Thee  roar,  * 
in  the  midst  of  Thy  solemn  con 
gregation. 

They  set  up  their  ensigns  for 
trophies  *  on  the  pinnacles  [of  Thy 
temple]  as  though  it  had  been  the 
gate  [of  their  own  city] ;  and  con 
sidered  not ! 

As  the  fellers  in  a  wood  of  thick 
trees,  so  did  they  hew  down  the 
gates  thereof:  *  they  have  broken 
it  down  with  axes  and  hammers. 

They  have  set  on  fire  Thy  Sanc 
tuary  :  *  they  have  defiled  the 
dwelling-place  of  Thy  name  by 
casting  it  down  to  the  ground. 

The  sort  of  them  said  in  their 
hearts  with  one  consent :  *  Let  us 
put  away  the  feast-days  of  God  out 
of  the  land. 

We  see  not  our  signs,  there  is  no 
more  any  prophet :  *  and  none 
knoweth  us  any  more. 

O  God,  how  long  shall  the  ad- 


THURSDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


I29 


versary  reproach  ?  *  Shall  the  enemy 
blaspheme  Thy  name  for  ever  ? 

Why  withdrawest  Thou  Thine 
hand,  even  Thy  right  hand,  *  from 
Thy  bosom  for  ever  ? 

But  God  is  our  King  of  old,  * 
working  salvation  in  the  midst  of 
the  earth. 

Thou     by     Thy     strength     didst 
make  the  sea  to  stand  on  an  heap  : 
Thou   brakest   the   heads   of  the 
dragons  in  the  waters. 

Thou  brakest  the  heads  of  le 
viathan  in  pieces  :  *  Thou  gavest 
him  to  be  meat  to  the  people1  of 
Ethiopia. 

Thou  didst  cleave  the  fountains 
and  the  floods  :  *  Thou  driedst  up 
the  rivers  of  Ethan.2 

The  day  is  Thine,  the  night  also 
is  Thine  :  *  Thou  hast  created  the 
light  and  the  sun. 

Thou  hast  set  all  the  borders  of 
the  earth:  *  Thou  hast  made 
summer  and  spring. 

Remember  this,  that  the  enemy 
hath  reproached  the  LORD  :  *  and 
that  a  foolish  people  have  blas 
phemed  Thy  name. 

O  deliver  not  unto  beasts  the 
souls  of  them  that  praise  Thee  :  * 
and  forget  not  the  souls  of  Thy  poor 
for  ever. 

Have  respect  unto  Thy  cove 
nant  :  *  for  the  dark  places  of  the 
earth  are  full  of  the  habitations  of 
cruelty. 

O  let  not  the  oppressed  return 
ashamed  :  *  let  the  poor  and  needy 
praise  Thy  name. 

Arise,   O  God,  judge  Thine  own 


cause  :  *  remember  how  the  foolish 
man  reproacheth  Thee  daily. 

Forget  not  the  voice  of  Thine 
enemies  :  *  the  pride  of  them  that 
hate  Thee  ascendeth  continually. 

Antiphon.  3  Thou  hast  redeemed 
the  rod  of  Thine  inheritance. 

Fourth  Antiphon.  And  we  will 
call. 

Psalrn  LXXIV. 

[Intituled  "  A  Psalm — A  Song  of  Asaph," 
with  a  superscription  of  meaning  now  un 
certain,  but,  in  part,  indicating  the  tune 
"Destroy  not."  The  Targum  says  that  it 
was  composed  as  a  thanksgiving  at  the  time 
when  David  said  "  Destroy  not  thy  people," 
and  the  occasion  meant  is  probably  that  of 
the  plague  provoked  by  David's  number 
ing  of  the  people,  as  related  in  the  last 
chapter  of  2  Kings  (Sam.)] 

T  INTO   Thee,    O    God,   will    we 
^      give  thanks  :  *  we  will  give 
thanks  and  call  upon  Thy  name. 

We  will  declare  Thy  wondrous 
works  :  *  when  I  shall  take  a  set 
time,  I  will  judge  uprightly. 

The  earth  and  all  the  inhabitants 
thereof  are  dissolved  :  *  I  bear  up 
the  pillars  of  it.4 

I  said  unto  the  wicked  :  Deal 
not  wickedly:  *  and  to  the  evil 
doers  :  Lift  not  up  your  horn  on 
high. 

Lift  not  up  your  horn  on  high  : 
speak     not    wickedness    against 
God. 

For  neither  from  the  east,  nor 
from  the  west,  nor  from  the  desert 
mountains  :  *  for  God  is  the  judge  : 

He  putteth  down  one,  and  setteth 
up  another  :  *  for  in  the  hand  of  the 


People— probably  referring  to  the  wild  beasts,  (as  in  Proverbs  xxx.  25  26  "The  ants 
are  a  people  not  strong— the  conies  are  but  a  feeble  folk  ")  who  ate  the  dead  bodies  of  the 
l^gyptians  (whose  power  seems  meant  by  the  leviathan)  washed  upon  the  shores  of  the 
Red  Sea. 

Ethan  =  continuity — "The  continuously  flowing  streams  " 
•  Ps.  Ixxiii.  2. 
VOL.   III. 


130 


THE   PSALTER. 


LORD  there  is  a  cup  of  strong  wine 
full  of  mixture.1 

And  he  turneth  it  this  way  and 
that :  surely  the  dregs  thereof  are 
not  wrung  out :  *  all  the  wicked  of 
the  earth  shall  drink  them. 

But  I  will  declare  for  ever :  *  I 
will  sing  praises  to  the  God  of  Jacob. 

All  the  horns  of  the  wicked  also 
will  I  break  :  *  and  the  horns  of  the 
righteous  shall  be  exalted. 

Psalm  LXXV. 

[Intituled  "  A  Psalm — A  Song  of  Asaph," 
with  a  farther  superscription  similar  to  the 
preceding.  The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  add 
"against  the  Assyrians  " ;  the  meaning  pro 
bably  is  that  it  was  found  appropriate  as  a 
Psalm  of  thanksgiving  after  the  destruction 
of  the  Assyrians  (3  (2)  Kings  xix.  35).] 

T  N  Judah  is  God  known  :  *  His 
-*•  name  is  great  in  Israel. 

And  His  tabernacle  is  in  "Peace,"2 

*  and  His  dwelling-place  in  Zion. 
There  brake  He  the  arrows  of  the 

bow,  *  the  shield,  the  sword,  and 
the  battle.3 

When  Thou  didst  make  Thy  light 
to  shine  forth  right  wondrously  from 
the  everlasting  hills  :  *  all  they  that 
were  foolish  of  heart  were  troubled  : 

They  have  slept  their  sleep :  * 
and  all  the  men  of  riches  have  found 
nothing  in  their  hands. 

At  Thy  rebuke,  O  God  of  Jacob, 

*  they   that   rode   upon   horses   are 
cast  into  a  dead  sleep. 

Thou  art  to  be  feared ;  and  who 
shall  withstand  Thee,  *  when  once 
Thou  art  angry  ? 

Thou  didst  cause  judgment  to 
be  heard  from  heaven :  *  the  earth 
trembled  and  was  still, 


When  God  arose  to  judgment,  * 
to  save  all  the  meek  of  the  earth.3 

For  the  thoughts  of  man  shall 
praise  Thee :  *  the  remainder  of 
his  thoughts  shall  keep  holy  his  days 
before  Thee. 

Vow,  and  pay  unto  the  LORD 
your  God :  *  all  ye  that  are  round 
about  Him  bring  presents, 

Even  unto  Him  That  ought  to  be 
feared,  and  that  cutteth  off  the  spirit 
of  princes,  *  to  Him  That  is  terrible 
among  the  kings  of  the  earth. 

Antiphon.  4And  we  will  call 
upon  Thy  name,  O  Lord. 

Fifth  Antiphon.  Thou  art  the 
God. 

Psalm  LXXVI. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  Asaph,"  with  a 
musical  (?)  direction,  addressed  to  Jeduthun.] 

T  CRIED  unto  the  Lord  with  my 
-**  voice ;  *  even  unto  God  with 
my  voice,  and  He  gave  ear  unto 
me. 

In  the  day  of  my  trouble  I 
sought  the  Lord ;  in  the  night  with 
my  hands  I  sought  Him  *  and  failed 
not. 

My  soul  refused  to  be  comforted : 

*  I  remembered  God,  and  rejoiced, 
and    pondered,    and    my   spirit   was 
overwhelmed.3 

Mine  eyes  anticipated  the  night 
watches :  *  I  was  troubled,  and 
spake  not. 

I  have  considered  the  days  of  old, 

*  and  had  in  mind  the  everlasting 
years. 

In  the  night  also  I  commune  with 
mine  own  heart :  *  and  I  mused, 
and  searched  out  mine  own  spirit. 


1  Aromatic  herbs,    &c.,   were  mixed   with  wine  to  make  it   more  intoxicating. 
Smith's  Diet,  of  the  Bible, — Wine. 


See 


2  Peace — a  translation  of  "Salem." 


8  SLH. 


4  Ps.  Ixxiv.  2. 


THURSDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


Will  God  cast  off  for  ever?  *  or 
will  He  be  favourable  no  more  ? 

Or  will  He  put  away  His  mercy 
for  ever,  *  to  generation  and  genera 
tion? 

Or  hath  God  forgotten  to  be 
gracious  ?  *  or  will  He  in  His  anger 
shut  up  His  tender  mercies  ? l 

And  I  said  :  Now  have  I  begun  : 

*  the  change   cometh   of  the   right 
hand  of  the  Most  High. 

I  remembered  the  works  of  the 
LORD:  •*  surely  I  will  remember 
Thy  wonders  of  old. 

I  will  meditate  also  of  all  Thy 
work  :  *  and  talk  of  Thy  doings. 

Thy  way,  O  God,  is  in  the  sanc 
tuary.  Who  is  so  great  a  God  as  our 
God?  *  Thou  art  the  God  That 
doest  wonders. 

Thou  hast  declared  Thy  strength 
among  the  people  :  *  Thou  hast  with 
Thine  arm  redeemed  Thy  people, 
the  sons  of  Jacob  and  Joseph.1 

The  waters  saw  Thee,  O  God, 
the  waters  saw  Thee  :  *  and  they 
were  afraid,  the  depths  also  were 
troubled. 

There  was  a  noise  as  of  many 
waters,  *  the  clouds  sent  out  a 
sound. 

Thine  arrows  also  went  abroad  : 

*  the  voice  of  Thy  thunder  rolled. 
Thy     lightnings     lightened      the 

-world :  *  the  earth  trembled  and 
shook. 

Thy  way  is  in  the  sea,  and  Thy 
paths  in  the  great  waters :  *  and 
Thy  footsteps  are  not  known. 

Thou  leddest  Thy  people  like  a 
•flock,  *  by  the  hand  of  Moses  and 
Aaron. 


Psalm  LXXVII. 

[Intituled     "  A    didactic     (?)     poem     of 
Asaph."] 


ear,   O  my  people,  to  my 
law  :    *   incline   your   ears   to 
the  words  of  my  mouth. 

1  will   open   my  mouth   in  para 
bles  :    *    I   will    utter   dark   sayings 
of  old. 

Which  we  have  heard  and  known, 

*  and  our  fathers  have  told  us. 
They  are  not  hidden  from  their 

children,  '  in  the  generation  to 
come  : 

Showing  the  praises  of  the  LORD, 
and  His  mighty  acts,  *  and  His 
wonderful  works  that  He  hath  done. 

He  established  also  a  testimony 
in  Jacob,  *  and  appointed  a  law 
in  Israel. 

Which  He  commanded  our  fathers 
that  they  should  make  known  to 
their  children  :  *  that  the  generation 
to  come  may  know  them, 

Even  the  children  which  shall  be 
born  and  arise,  *  and  declare  them 
to  their  children  ; 

That  they  may  set  their  hope  in 
God,  and  not  forget  the  works  of 
God,  *  but  keep  His  command 
ments. 

And  may  not  be  as  their  fathers, 

*  a    stubborn    and   rebellious   gen 
eration, 

A  generation  that  set  not  their 
heart  aright,  *  and  whose  spirit 
was  not  steadfast  with  God. 

2  The  children  of  Ephraim  bend 
ing  and  shooting  with  bows,  *  turned 
back  in  the  day  of  battle. 

They  kept   not   the  covenant   of 


1  SLH. 

2  The  next  few  verses  perhaps  relate  to  the   refusal  of  the  children  of  Israel  to  in 
vade  the  Land  of  Promise  when  they  first  reached  it,  owing  to  fear  of  the  inhabitants. 
.Numb.   xiv. 


132 


THE   PSALTER. 


God,  *  and  refused  to  walk  in 
His  law. 

And  forgot  His  works,  *  and 
His  wonders  that  He  had  showed 
them. 

Marvellous  things  did  He  in  the 
sight  of  their  fathers,  in  the  land  of 
Egypt,  *  in  the  plain  of  Tanis.1 

He  divided  the  sea,  and  caused 
them  to  pass  through,  *  and  He 
made  the  waters  to  stand  as  an 
heap. 

In  the  day  -  time  also  He  led 
them  with  a  cloud,  *  and  all  the 
night  with  a  light  of  fire. 

He  clave  the  rock  in  the  wil 
derness,  *  and  gave  them  drink 
as  out  of  the  great  depth. 

He  brought  water  also  out  of 
the  rock,  *  and  caused  waters  to 
run  down  like  rivers. 

And  they  sinned  yet  more  against 
Him,  *  and  provoked  the  Most 
High  in  the  wilderness. 

And  they  tempted  God  in  their 
hearts,  *  to  ask  meat  for  their 
lust. 

Yea,  they  spake  against  God  :  * 
they  said :  Can  God  furnish  a  table 
in  the  wilderness  ? 

Behold,  He  smote  the  rock,  and 
the  waters  gushed  out,  *  and  the 
streams  overflowed. 

Can  He  give  bread  also,  **  or 
furnish  a  table  for  His  people? 

Therefore  the  LORD  heard  this, 
and  was  wroth :  *  so  a  fire  was 
kindled  against  Jacob,  and  anger 
came  up  against  Israel. 

Because  they  believed .  not  in 
God,  *  and  trusted  not  in  His 
salvation. 

And  He  commanded  the  clouds 


from  above,  *  and  opened  the 
doors  of  heaven. 

And  rained  down  manna  upon 
them  to  eat,  *  and  gave  them  of 
the  bread  of  heaven. 

Man  did  eat  Angels'  bread :  * 
He  sent  them  meat  to  the  full. 

He  caused  an  east  wind  to 
blow  in  the  heaven  :  *  and  by  His 
power  He  brought  in  the  south 
wind. 

He  rained  flesh  also  upon  them 
as  dust,  *  and  feathered  fowls  like 
as  the  sand  of  the  sea. 

And  it  fell  in  the  midst  of  their 
camp,  *  round  about  their  habita 
tions. 

So  they  did  eat,  and  were  well 
filled,  and  He  gave  them  their  own 
desire :  *  they  were  not  disap 
pointed  of  their  lust. 

But  while  their  meat  was  yet  in 
their  mouths  :  *  the  wrath  of  God 
came  upon  them, 

And  slew  the  fattest  of  them,  * 
and  smote  down  the  chosen  men 
of  Israel. 

For  all  this  they  sinned  still,  * 
and  believed  not  in  His  wondrous 
works. 

Therefore  their  days  were  con 
sumed  in  vanity,  *  and  their  years 
in  trouble. 

When  He  slew  them,  they  sought 
Him :  *  and  they  returned,  and 
enquired  early  after  God. 

And  they  remembered  that  God 
was  their  strength,  *  and  the  High 
God  their  redeemer. 

Yet  they  flattered  Him  with  their 
mouth,  *  and  lied  unto  Him  with 
their  tongue. 

For    their    heart    was    not    right 


1  An  ancient  city  (mentioned  here  and  subsequently)  in  Lower  Egypt,  called  both  by 
a  Shemitic  name,  Zoan,  as  well  as  by  its  Egyptian  name,  surrounded  by  plains,  and  close  to 
the  natural  and  constant  border  of  Palestine. 


THURSDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


133 


with  Him,  *  neither  were  they 
steadfast  in  His  covenant. 

But  He  being  full  of  compassion, 
forgave  their  iniquity,  "  and  de 
stroyed  them  not. 

Yea,  many  a  time  did  He  turn 
His  anger  away,  *  and  did  not  stir 
up  all  His  wrath. 

He  remembered  also  that  they 
were  but  flesh ;  *  a  wind  that 
passeth  away  and  cometh  not 
again. 

How  often  did  they  provoke 
Him  in  the  wilderness?  *  grieve 
Him  to  anger  in  the  desert? 

Yea,  they  turned  again,  and 
tempted  God,  *  and  provoked  the 
Holy  One  of  Israel. 

They  remembered  not  His  hand, 

*  in    the  day  when   He  delivered 
them    from    the    hand    of    the    op 
pressor. 

How  He  set  His  signs  in  Egypt, 

*  and  His  wonders  in  the  plain  of 
Tanis. 

And  turned  their  rivers  into 
blood :  *  and  their  floods,  that 
they  could  not  drink. 

He  sent  divers  sorts  of  flies 
among  them,  which  devoured  them  : 

*  and  frogs,  which  destroyed  them. 
He  gave  also  their  increase  unto 

the  caterpillar,  *  and  their  labour 
unto  the  locust. 

And  He  destroyed  their  vines 
with  hail,  *  and  their  sycamore 
trees  with  frost. 

He  gave  up  their  cattle  also  to 
the  hail,  *  and  their  flocks  to  hot 
thunderbolts. 

He  cast  upon  them  the  fierceness 
of  His  anger,  *  indignation,  and 
wrath,  and  trouble,  by  sending  evil 
Angels  among  them. 

He  made  a  way  to  His  anger; 
He  spared  not  their  soul  from 


death,  *  and  cut  off  their  cattle  in 
death  with  them. 

He  smote  also  every  first-born  in 
the  land  of  Egypt :  *  the  first-fruits 
of  all  their  labour  in  the  tabernacles 
of  Ham. 

And  made  His  own  people  to  go 
forth  like  sheep  :  *  and  guided  them 
in  the  wilderness  like  a  flock. 

And  He  led  them  on  in  hope, 
and  they  feared  not :  *  and  He 
overwhelmed  their  enemies  in  the 
sea. 

And  He  brought  them  to  the 
mountain  of  His  Sanctuary,  *  even 
the  mountain,  which  His  right  hand 
hath  purchased. 

He  cast  out  the  heathen  also 
before  them,  *  and  allotted  the  land 
among  them  by  line, 

And  made  the  tribes  of  Israel  to 
dwell  *  in  their  tents. 

Yet  they  tempted  and  provoked 
the  Most  High  God,  *  and  kept  not 
His  testimonies. 

And  turned  back,  and  observed 
not  His  covenant,  *  like  their 
fathers ;  they  were  turned  aside  like 
a  deceitful  bow. 

They  provoked  Him  to  anger 
with  their  high  places,  *  and  moved 
Him  to  jealousy  with  their  graven 
images. 

God  heard  it  and  cast  them  out : 
*  and  brought  Israel  utterly  to 
nought. 

He  forsook  also  the  tabernacle  of 
Shiloh,  *  even  His  tabernacle,  where 
He  dwelt  among  men. 

And  He  delivered  their  strength 
into  captivity,  *  and  their  beauty 
into  the  enemy's  hand. 

He  gave  His  people  over  also 
unto  the  sword  :  *  and  cast  off  His 
inheritance. 

The    fire    consumed   their  young 


134 


THE    PSALTER. 


men  :   *  and  their  maidens  made  no 
funeral  song. 

Their  priests  fell  by  the   sword  : 

*  and  their  widows  made  no  lamen 
tation. 

Then  the  Lord  awaked  as  one 
out  of  sleep,  *  like  a  mighty  man 
heated  with  wine. 

And  He  smote  His  enemies  in 
the  hinder  part :  *  He  put  them  to 
a  perpetual  shame. 

Moreover,  He  refused  the  taber 
nacle  of  Joseph,  *  and  chose  not  the 
tribe  of  Ephraim. 

But  chose  the  tribe  of  Judah,  * 
Mount  Zion,  which  he  loved. 

And  He  built  His  sanctuary  like 
the  horn  of  an  unicorn  upon  the 
earth,  *  which  He  hath  established 
for  ever. 

He  chose  David  also  His  servant, 
and  took  him  from  the  sheepfolds  : 

*  from  following  the  ewes  great  with 
young  He  brought  him, 

To  feed  Jacob  His  servant,  *  and 
Israel  His  inheritance. 

So  he  fed  them  according  to  the 
integrity  of  his  heart :  *  and  guided 
them  by  the  skilfulness  of  his  hands. 

Antiphon.  1  Thou  art  the  God 
That  doest  wonders. 

Sixth  Antiphon.     Be  merciful. 

Psalm  LXXVIII. 
[Intituled  "  A  Psalm  of  Asaph."] 

GOD,  the  heathen  are  come 
into  Thine  inheritance,  Thine 
holy  temple  have  they  defiled :  * 
they  have  made  Jerusalem  like  an 
heap  of  stones  in  an  orchard. 

The  dead  bodies  of  Thy  servants 
have  they  given  to  be  meat  unto 
the  fowls  of  the  heaven,  *  the  flesh 


of  Thy  saints  unto  the  beasts  of  the 
earth. 

Their  blood  have  they  shed  like 
water  round  about  Jerusalem  :  *  and 
there  was  none  to  bury  them. 

We  are  become  a  reproach  to  our 
neighbours,  *  a  scorn  and  derision 
to  them  that  are  round  about  us. 

How  long,  LORD?  wilt  Thou  be 
angry  for  ever  ?  *  shall  Thy  jealousy 
burn  like  fire  ? 

Pour  out  Thy  wrath  upon  the 
heathen,  that  have  not  known  Thee, 

*  and  upon  the  kingdoms  that  have 
not  called  upon  Thy  name  ! 

For    they   have   devoured   Jacob, 

*  and  laid  waste  His  dwelling-place. 
O   remember   not  against  us  our 

former  iniquities,  let  Thy  tender 
mercies  speedily  overtake  us :  *  for 
we  are  brought  very  low. 

Help  us,  O  God  of  our  salvation, 
and  for  the  glory  of  Thy  name  de 
liver  us,  O  Lord :  *  and  forgive  our 
sins,  for  Thy  name's  sake. 

Lest  haply  they  should  say  among 
the  heathen  :  Where  is  their  God  ? 

*  And    make    known    among    the 
nations   in   our  sight 

The  vengeance  of  the  blood  of 
Thy  servants,  which  is  shed  :  *  let 
the  sighing  of  the  prisoners  come 
before^Thee. 

According  to  the  greatness  of 
Thine  arm,  *  preserve  Thou  the 
children  of  the  slain. 

And  render  unto  our  neighbours 
sevenfold  into  their  bosom  :  *  their 
reproach  wherewith  they  have  re 
proached  Thee,  O  Lord  ! 

But  we  Thy  people,  and  sheep 
of  Thy  pasture,  *  will  give  Thee 
thanks  for  ever : 

We  will  show  forth  Thy  praise  * 
to  all  generations. 


1  Ps.  Ixxvi.  15. 


THURSDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


135 


Psalm  LXXIX. 

[Intituled  ''A  Psalm  of  Asaph,"  with  a 
direction,  perhaps  musical,  the  meaning 
of  which  is  not  now  certain.  The  LXX. 
adds  "concerning  the  Assyrian,"  probably 
meaning  that  it  was  used  as  a  prayer 
after  the  destruction  of  Jerusalem  by 
Nebuchadnezzar.  ] 

GIVE  ear,  O  Shepherd  of  Israel, 
*  Thou  That  leadest  Joseph 
like  a  flock. 

Thou  That  sittest  upon  the  Cheru 
bim,  *  shine  forth  before  Ephraim, 
Benjamin,  and  Manasseh. 

Stir  up  Thy  strength,  and   come 

*  and  save  us. 

Turn  us  again,  O  God,  *  and 
cause  Thy  face  to  shine,  and  we 
shall  be  saved. 

O  LORD  God  of  hosts,  *  how 
long  wilt  Thou  be  angry  against  the 
prayer  of  Thy  servant  ? 

Wilt  Thou  feed  us  with  the  bread 
of  tears,  *  and  give  us  tears  to  drink 
in  great  measure  ? 

Thou  makest  us  a  strife  unto  our 
neighbours  :  *  and  our  enemies  jest 
upon  us. 

Turn  us  again,  O  God  of  hosts  : 

*  and  cause  Thy  face  to  shine,  and 
we  shall  be  saved. 

Thou  hast  brought  a  vine  out  of 
Egypt :  *  Thou  hast  cast  out  the 
heathen  and  planted  it. 

Thou  preparedst  room  before  it : 

*  Thou  didst  cause  it  to  take  deep 
root,  and  it  filled  the  land. 

The  hills  were  covered  with  the 
shadow  of  it,  *  and  the  cedars  of 
God  with  the  boughs  thereof. 

She  sent  out  her  boughs  unto  the 
sea,  *  and  her  branches  unto  the 
river.1 

Why  hast  Thou  broken  down  her 


hedge  ?  *  so  that  all  they  which 
pass  by  the  way  do  pluck  her? 

The  boar  out  of  the  wood  doth 
root  it  up,  *  and  the  wild  beast  of 
the  field  doth  devour  it. 

Return,  O  God  of  hosts  :  *  look 
down  from  heaven,  and  behold,  and 
visit  this  vine  ; 

And  protect  that  Thy  right  hand 
hath  planted,  *  and  the  son  of  man 
whom  Thou  madest  strong  for  Thy 
self. 

It  is  burnt  with  fire,  and  cut 
down  :  *  they  shall  perish  at  the 
rebuke  of  Thy  countenance. 

Let  Thine  hand  be  upon  the  man 
of  Thy  right  hand,  *  and  upon  the 
son  of  man  whom  Thou  madest 
strong  for  Thyself. 

So  will  we  not  go  back  from 
Thee ;  *  quicken  us,  and  we  will 
call  upon  Thy  name. 

Turn  us  again,  O  LORD  God  of 
hosts :  *  and  cause  Thy  face  to 
shine,  and  we  shall  be  saved. 

Antiphon.  2  Be  merciful  unto  our 
sins,  O  Lord. 

Antiphon  in  Paschal  time.  Al 
leluia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Then  is  said  a  Verse  and  Answer. 
In  Advent. 

Verse.  Out  of  Zion,  the  Per 
fection  of  beauty, 

Answer.  Our  God  shall  come 
manifestly. 

During  the  rest  of  the  year. 

Verse.  3  My  lips  shall  be  fain 
when  I  sing  unto  Thee. 

Answer.  And  my  soul,  which 
Thou  hast  redeemed. 


1  That   is,   the  dominion   of  the    Israelites  stretched  from    the    Mediterranean  to   the 
Euphrates.  2  Ps.  Ixxviii.  9.  *  Ps.  Ixx.  23. 


136 


THE   PSALTER. 


In  Lent. 

Verse.  He  hath  delivered  me 
from  the  snare  of  the  fowler. 

Answer.  And  from  the  noisome 
pestilence. 

In  Passion  time. 

Verse.  O  God,  deliver  my  soul 
from  the  sword. 

Answer.  And  my  darling  from 
the  power  of  the  dog. 


In  Paschal  time. 

Verse.  The  Lord  is  risen  from 
the  grave,  Alleluia. 

Answer.  Who  hung  for  us  upon 
the  tree,  Alleluia. 


The  rest  is  the  same  as  the  First 
Nocturn  on  the  preceding  Sunday ,  only 
the  Lessons,  and  sometimes  the  Respon- 
sories,  are  those  of  the  day. 


J37 


at 


THE    FIFTH    DAY    OF   THE   WEEK. 


All  as  on  Sunday,  except  as  otherwise 
given  here. 

The  Psalms  are  as  follows  : 

Antiphon.  Against  Thee,  Thee 
only. 

Psalm  L. 

Have   mercy   upon   me,  &c.,   (p. 

87). 

Antiphon.  Against  Thee,  Thee 
only,  have  I  sinned,  have  mercy 
upon  me,  O  Lord  ! 

Second  Antiphon.     Lord. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used,  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words,  "Thou  hast 
been." 

Psalm  LXXX1X. 

[Intituled  "A  Prayer  of  Moses  the  man 
of  God."] 

T  ORD,  Thou  hast  been  our  re- 
•*-*  fuge  *  in  all  generations. 

Before  the  mountains  were  brought 
forth,  or  ever  the  earth  and  the 
world  were  formed,  *  even  from 
everlasting  to  everlasting,  Thou  art 
God. 

Turn  not  man  to  destruction ;  * 
for  Thou  sayest,  Return,  ye  children 
of  men. 

For  a  thousand  years  in  Thy  sight 
*  are  but  as  yesterday  when  it  is  past, 

And  their  years  shall  be  reckoned 

VOL.   III. 


as   nothing,  *   even  as   a   watch   in 
the  night. 

In  the  morning  they  are  like 
grass  which  soon  fadeth  away :  in 
the  morning  it  flourisheth,  and 
then  it  fadeth  away :  *  in  the 
evening  it  is  cut  down,  drieth  up, 
and  withereth. 

For  we  are  consumed  by  Thine 
anger :  *  and  by  Thy  wrath  are 
we  troubled. 

Thou  hast  set  our  iniquities  be 
fore  Thee,  *  our  life  in  the  light 
of  Thy  countenance. 

For  all  our  days  are  passed  away, 
*  and  we  are  consumed  by  Thine 
anger. 

The  works  whereon  we  toil  all 
our  years  are  but  frail  structures 
like  a  spider's  web  :  *'  the  days  of 
our  years  are  threescore  years  and 
ten  : 

And  if  by  reason  of  strength  they 
be  fourscore  years,  *  yet  is  their 
increase  but  labour  and  sorrow  : 

For  weakness  cometh,  *  and  we 
are  cut  off. 

Who  knoweth  the  power  of  Thine 
anger,  *  or  can  measure  Thy  wrath, 
that  he  may  fear  Thee  as  Thou 
oughtest  to  be  feared? 

Show  Thou  the  might  of  Thy 
right  hand ;  *  and  apply  our  hearts 
to  wisdom. 

E  2 


138 


THE    PSALTER. 


Return,  O  LORD,  how  long?  * 
and  let  it  intreat  Thee  concerning 
"Thy  servants. 

Thou  hast  satisfied  us  early  with 
Thy  mercy,  *  and  we  rejoice  and 
are  glad  all  our  days. 

We  are  gladdened  for  the  days 
wherein  Thou  hast  afflicted  us;  * 
for  the  years  wherein  we  have  seen 
evil. 

Look  upon  Thy  servants,  and 
upon  Thy  works,  *  and  establish 
their  children. 

And  let  the  beauty  of  the  LORD 
our  God  be  upon  us ;  and  establish 
Thou  the  work  of  our  hands  upon 
us  :  *  yea,  the  work  of  our  hands 
establish  Thou  it. 

Antiphon.  Lord,  Thou  hast 
been  our  refuge. 

Third  Antiphon.     I  meditate. 

Psalms  LXIL,  LXVI. 
O  God,  Thou  art  my  God,  &c., 
(A  23). 

Antiphon.  I  meditate  upon  Thee 
in  the  night  watches. 

Fourth  Antiphon.     Let  us  sing. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used  the  Canticle 
begins  ivith  the  words,  "  Unto  the 
LORD." 

THE  SONG  OF  MOSES  (Exod.  xv.) 

[On  the  occasion  of  the  successful  escape 
of  the  Israelites  through  the  Red  Sea.] 

LET  us  sing  unto  the  LORD,  for 
He  hath  triumphed  gloriously  : 
*  the  horse  and  his  rider  hath  He 
thrown  into  the  sea. 

The  LORD  is  my  strength-  and 
my  song,  *  and  He  is  become 
my  salvation  : 

1  But  in  the  present  Hebrew  text, 


He  is  my  God,  and  I  will  glorify 
Him :  *  my  father's  God,  and  I 
will  exalt  Him. 

The  LORD  is  like  a  man  of  war : 
"THE  ALMIGHTY"1  is  His  name. 

*  Pharaoh's  chariots   and   his   host 
hath  He  cast  into  the  sea. 

His  chosen  captains  are  drowned 
in  the  Red  Sea.  *  The  depths  have 
covered  them  :  they  sank  into  the 
bottom  as  a  stone. 

Thy  right  hand,  O  LORD,  is  be 
come  glorious  in  power  :  Thy  right 
hand,  O  LORD,  hath  shattered  the 
enemy.  *  And  in  the  greatness 
of  Thy  majesty  Thou  hast  over 
thrown  them  that  rose  up  against 
Thee. 

Thou  sentest  forth  Thy  wrath, 
which  consumed  them  as  stubble. 

*  And  with  the  blast  of  Thy  fury 
the  waters  were  gathered  together, 

The  floods  stood  upright,  *  and 
the  depths  were  congealed  in  the 
heart  of  the  sea. 

The  enemy  said :  I  will  pursue 
and  overtake,  *  I  will  divide  the 
spoil ;  my  soul  shall  be  sated  upon 
them  : 

I  will  draw  my  sword,  *  mine 
hand  shall  destroy  them. 

Thy  wind  blew,  and  the  sea 
covered  them ;  *  they  sank  as  lead 
in  the  mighty  waters. 

Who  is  like  unto  Thee,  O  LORD, 
among  the  mighty?  *  who  is  like 
unto  Thee,  glorious  in  holiness, 
terrible,  and  worthy  to  be  praised, 
doing  wonders? 

Thou  stretchedst  out  Thy  right 
hand,  and  the  earth  swallowed  them. 

*  Thou    in    Thy    mercy    hast    led 
forth   the   people  which   Thou  hast 
redeemed  : 

And    hast    borne    them    in    Thy 
here  stands  again  the  Divine  name. 


THURSDAY  AT   LAUDS. 


139 


strength,  *  unto  Thine  holy  habi 
tation. 

The  people  came  up  and  were 
angry  :  *  sorrow  took  hold  on  the 
inhabitants  of  Philistia. 

Then  the  princes  of  Edom  were 
amazed,  the  mighty  men  of  Moab, 
trembling  took  hold  upon  them  :  * 
all  the  inhabitants  of  Chanaan 
melted  away. 

Let  fear  and  dread  fall  upon 
them,  *  by  the  greatness  of  Thine 
arm  : 

Let  them  be  as  still  as  a  stone  : 
till  Thy  people  pass  over,  O  LORD, 
*  till  Thy  people  pass  over,  which 
Thou  hast  purchased. 

Thou  shalt  bring  them  in  and 
plant  them  in  the  mountain  of 
Thine  inheritance,  *  in  Thy  most 
sure  dwelling,  which  Thou  hast 
made,  O  LORD  : 

In  the  Sanctuary,  O  Lord,  which 
Thine  hands  have  established. 

The  LORD  shall  reign  for  ever 
and  ever. 

For  the  horse  of  Pharaoh  went 
in  with  his  chariots  and  with  his 
horsemen  into  the  sea,  *  and  the 
LORD  brought  again  the  waters  of 
the  sea  upon  them  : 

But  the  children  of  Israel  went  on 
dry  land  *  in  the  midst  of  the  sea. 

Antiphon.  Let  us  sing  gloriously 
unto  the  LORD. 

Fifth  Antiphon.     Praise  God. 

Psalms  CXLVIII.,  CXLIX.,  CL. 

Praise  ye  the  LORD,  &c.,  (pp.  25, 
26). 


Antiphon. 
Sanctuary. 


Praise    God    in    His 


CHAPTER.     (Rom.  xiii.  12.) 

The  night  is  far  spent,  &c.,  (as 
on  Monday,  p.  89). 

HYMN.1 

C  EE,  the  golden  dawn  is  glowing, 
*^     While  the  paly  shades  are  going, 
Which  have  led  us  far  and  long, 
In  a  labyrinth  of  wrong. 

May  it  bring  us  peace  serene  ; 
May  it  cleanse,  as  it  is  clean  ; 
Plain  and  clear  our  words  be  spoke, 
And  our  thoughts  without  a  cloak  ; 

So  the  day's  account  shall  stand, 
Guileless  tongue  and  holy  hand, 
Steadfast  eyes  and  unbeguiled, 
"Flesh  as  of  a  little  child." 

There  is  One  Who  from  above 
Watches  how  the  still  hours  move 
Of  our  day  of  service  done, 
From  the  dawn  to  setting  sun. 

To  the  Father,  and  the  Son, 
And  the  Spirit,  Three  and  One, 
As  of  old,  and  as  in  Heaven, 
Now  and  here  be  glory  given. 

Amen. 

Verse.  Thou  hast  satisfied  us 
early  with  Thy  mercy. 

Answer.  We  rejoice  and  are 
glad. 

Antiphon  for  the  Songof  Zacharias. 
Let  us  serve  the  Lord  *  in  holiness, 
and  He  will  deliver  us  from  our 
enemies. 

Commemoration  of  the  Cross  before 
the  other  Commemorations,  and  Long 
Preces  in  Advent  and  Lent,  and  on 
Fast-days,  as  on  Monday. 


1  Extracted  from  hymn  by  Prudentius  ;  translation  by  the  late  Card.  Newman. 


140 


Jfribap  at  JEattins. 


THE    SIXTH    DAY   OF   THE    WEEK. 


All  as  on  Sunday,  except  as  otherwise 
given  here. 

Invitatory.      Let   us   worship   the 
Lord,  for  *  He  is  our  Maker. 

HYMN.1 

MAY  the  dread  Three  in  One,  Who 
sways 

All  with  His  sovereign  might, 
Accept  from  us  this  hymn  of  praise, 
His  watchers  in  the  night. 

For  in  the  night,  when  all  is  still, 
We  spurn  our  bed  and  rise, 

To  find  the  balm  for  ghostly  ill, 
His  bounteous  hand  supplies. 

If  e'er  by  night  our  envious  foe 
With  guilt  our  souls  would  stain, 

May  the  deep  streams  of  mercy  flow, 
And  make  us  white  again  ; 

That  so  with  bodies  braced  and  bright, 

And  hearts  awake  within, 
All  fresh  and  keen  may  burn  our  light, 

Undimmed,  unsoiled  by  sin. 

Shine  on  Thine  own,  Redeemer  sweet ! 

Thy  radiance  increate 
Through  the  long  day  shall  keep  our 
feet, 

In  their  pure  morning  state. 


Grant  this,  O  Father,  Only  Son, 

And  Spirit,  God  of  grace, 
To  whom  all  worship  shall  be  done 

In  every  time  and  place. 

Amen. 

Only  one  Nocturn  is  said. 

Antiphon.     Sing  aloud. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words,  "  Unto  God  our 
strength." 

In  Paschal  time  only  one  Antiphon  is 
said  for  the  whole  Nocturn.  Alleluia. 

Psalm  LXXX. 

[Intituled  "Of  Asaph."  It  has  a  super 
scription  of  meaning  now  uncertain,  but 
part  of  which  perhaps  means  that  it  was 
a  Hymn  for  the  vintage.] 

O  ING  aloud  unto  God  our  strength : 
^  *  make  a  joyful  noise  unto  the 
God  of  Jacob. 

Take  a  psalm,  and  bring  hither 
the  timbrel :  *  the  pleasant  harp 
with  the  psaltery. 

Blow  the  trumpet  in  the  new 
moon,2  *  in  the  time  appointed, 
on  our  solemn  feast-day. 


1  From  a  hymn  of  the  Ambrosian  school,  very  slightly  altered  ;  translation  by  the  late 
Card.  Newman. 

'2  The  ordinance  referred  to  in  this  and  the  next  verses  is  found  in  Numb.  x.  "  And  the 
LORD  spake  unto  Moses,  saying :  Make  thee  two  trumpets  of  silver,  of  a  whole  piece  shalt 
thou  make  them.  .  .  .  And  in  the  day  of  your  gladness,  and  in  your  solemn  days,  and 
in  the  beginnings  of  your  months,  ye  shall  blow  with  the  trumpets  over  your  burnt-offerings, 
and  over  the  sacrifices  of  your  peace-offerings ;  that  they  may  be  to  you  for  a  memorial 
before  God.  I  am  the  LORD  your  God." 


FRIDAY   AT    MATTINS. 


141 


For   this   is   a  statute  for  Israel : 

*  and  a  law  of  the  God  of  Jacob. 
This  He  ordained  in  Joseph  for 

a  testimony,  when  he  went  out  of 
the  land  of  Egypt :  *  he  heard  a 
language  that  he  understood  not. 

He  removed  his  shoulder  from 
the  burden,  *  his  hands  were  done 
with  slaving  over  the  baskets. 

Thou  calledst  upon  Me  in  trouble, 
and  I  delivered  thee  :  *  I  answered 
thee  in  the  secret  place  of  thunder  :  I 
proved  thee  at  the  waters  of  strife.1 

Hear,  O  My  people,  and  I  will 
testify  unto  thee :  *  O  Israel,  if 
thou  wilt  hearken  unto  Me,  there 
shall  no  strange  god  be  in  thee, 
neither  shalt  thou  worship  any 
strange  god. 

For  I  am  the  LORD  thy  God, 
Who  brought  thee  out  of  the  land 
of  Egypt :  *  open  thy  mouth  wide 
and  I  will  fill  it. 

But  My  people  would  not  hearken 
unto  My  voice :  *  and  Israel  would 
not  obey  Me : 

So  I  gave  them  up  unto  their 
own  hearts'  lust :  *  they  walked 
in  their  own  counsels. 

0  that    My    people    had    heark 
ened   unto   Me,    *    that   Israel   had 
walked  in   My  ways  ! 

1  should    quickly    have    brought 
their   enemies    under    them,    *   and 
turned     Mine    hand    against    their 
adversaries. 

The  haters  of  the  LORD  would 
have  feigned  submission  unto  Him  : 

*  but   their  time   should   have   en 
dured  for  ever. 

He  would  have  fed  them  also 
with  the  finest  of  the  wheat  :  * 
and  with  honey  out  of  the  rock 
would  He  have  satisfied  them. 


Psalm  LXXXI. 
[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  Asaph."] 

OD   standeth   in   the   congrega- 
tion    of   the    mighty  :    *    He 
judgeth  among  the  judges. 

How  long  do  ye  judge  unjustly, 

*  and    accept    the    person    of    the 
wicked  ? 2 

Defend  the  poor  and  fatherless  : 

*  do   justice    to    the    afflicted  and 
needy. 

Deliver  the  poor,  *  and  rid  the 
needy  out  of  the  hand  of  the  wicked. 

They  know  not,  neither  do  they 
understand,  they  walk  on  in  dark 
ness  :  *  all  the  foundations  of  the 
earth  are  out  of  course. 

3 1  have  said :  Ye  are  gods,  * 
and  all  of  you  are  children  of  the 
Most  High ; 

But  ye  shall  die  like  men :  * 
and  fall  like  one  of  the  princes. 

Arise,  O  God,  judge  the  earth  : 
*  for  Thou  shalt  inherit  all  na 
tions. 

Antiphon.  4  Sing  aloud  unto 
God  our  strength. 

Second  Antiphon.     Thou  alone. 


Psalm  LXXXII. 

'   [Intituled     "  A     Song.        A     Psalm     of 
Asaph."] 

OGOD,    who    shall   be   likened 
unto  Thee?  *  hold  not  Thy 
peace,  and  be  not  still,   O  God. 

For,  lo,  Thine  enemies  make  a 
tumult :  *  and  they  that  hate  Thee 
have  lifted  up  the  head. 

They  have  taken  crafty  counsel 
against  Thy  people,  *  and  con 
sulted  against  Thine  holy  ones. 


1  SLH.      For  "the  waters  of  Meribah"  or  "strife,"  see  note  on  Ps.  xciv.,  p.  2. 

2  SLH.  3  This  verse  was  quoted  by  our  Lord.     John  x.   34.  4  Ps.  Ixxx.  2. 


142 


THE   PSALTER. 


They  have  said :  Come  and  let 
us  cut  them  off  from  being  a  na 
tion  :  *  that  the  name  of  Israel 
may  be  no  more  in  remembrance. 

For  they  have  consulted  together 
with  one  consent :  *  they  are  con 
federate  against  Thee  :  the  taberna 
cles  of  Edom,1  and  the  Ishmaelites. 

Of  Moab,  and  the  Hagarenes ; 
Gebal,  and  Ammon,  Amalek,  *  the 
"  Strangers "  with  the  inhabitants 
of  Tyre. 

Assur  also  is  joined  with   them  : 

*  they    have    holpen    the    children 
of  Lot.2 

Do  unto  them  as  unto  Midian,3 
and  Sisera :  'as  unto  Jabin,  at 
the  brook  of  Kishon. 

They  perished  at  Endor :  *  they 
became  as  dung  for  the  earth. 

Make  their  nobles  like  Oreb 
and  like  Zeeb ;  *  as  Zebah  and 
Zalmunna, 

All  their  princes :  *  who  said : 
Let  us  take  to  ourselves  the  Sanc 
tuary  of  God  in  possession. 

O  my  God,  make  them  like  a 
wheel  [of  whirling  dust] ;  *  and  as 
the  stubble  before  the  wind ! 

As  the  fire  that  burneth  a  wood, 

*  and  as  the  flame  that  setteth  the 
mountains  on  fire. 

So  pursue  them  with  Thy  tem 
pest,  *  and  trouble  them  in  Thine 
anger. 

Fill  their  faces  with  shame  :  *  and 
they  will  seek  Thy  Name,  O  LORD  ! 


Let  them  be  confounded  and 
troubled  for  ever  :  *  yea,  let  them 
be  put  to  shame  and  perish. 

And  let  men  know  that  Thy 
name  is  the  LORD  :  *  Thou  alone 
art  the  Most  High  over  all  the 
earth. 


Psalm  LXXXIII. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  the  sons  of 
Korah. "  It  has  the  same  superscription  as 
Ps.  Ixx.,  referring  possibly  to  the  vintage. 
It  reads  as  if  it  were  a  pilgrim-song  refer 
ring  to  the  going  up  of  all  the  males  of 
Israel  to  Jerusalem  to  observe  the  Feast  of 
Tabernacles,  when  harvest  and  vintage  were 
over.  ] 

HOW  lovely  are  Thy  taberna 
cles,  O  LORD  of  hosts!  * 
my  soul  longeth  and  fainteth  for 
the  courts  of  the  LORD  : 

Mine  heart  and  my  flesh  *  rejoice 
for  the  living  God. 

Yea,  the  sparrow  hath  found  an 
house,  *  and  the  dove  a  nest  for 
herself,  where  she  may  lay  her 
young, 

Even  Thine  altars,  O  LORD  of 
hosts,  *  my  King  and  my  God ! 

Blessed  are  they  that  dwell  in 
Thine  house,  O  Lord ;  *  they  will 
be  ever  praising  Thee.2 

Blessed  is  the  man  whose  strength 
is  from  Thee ;  *  who  hath  settled  in 
his  heart  to  go  up  [to  thy  Sanctu 
ary,]  through  the  vale  of  tears,4  to 
the  place  which  he  hath  appointed. 

He  That  hath  given  the  Law  will 


1  Of  the  list  of  tribes  in  the  next  few  verses,  the  Ishmaelites  are  the  inhabitants  of  Edom; 
Moab,  and  the  Hagarenes,  Gebal,  Ammon,  Amalek,  tribes  to  the  south  and  south-east  of 
Canaan  ;  the  "  Strangers  "  are  the  Philistines ;  Assur  is  Assyria ;  the  children  of  Lot  are 
the  Moabites  and  Ammonites.  2  SLH. 

3  The  Midianites  invaded  Israel  during  the  Judgeship  of  Gideon,  who  defeated  them. 
Barak  had  previously,  by  a  great  victory  between  the  Kishon  and  Endor,  delivered  his 
people  from  the  tyranny  of  Jabin  king  of  the  Canaanites,  whose  general,  Sisera,  lost  his  life 
on  the  occasion.     Oreb  and  Zeeb  were  two  princes,  and  Zebah  and  Zalmunna  two  kings  of 
the  Midianites,  whom  the  Israelites  took  prisoners  and  put  to  death  on  the  second  occasion. 
See  Judges  iv.-viii. 

4  Hebrew,  "of  Baca,"  probably  the  proper  name  of  a  place,  but,  literally,  "weeping." 


FRIDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


give  His  blessing ;  they  shall  go 
from  strength  to  strength :  *  they 
appear  before  the  God  of  gods  in 
Zion. 

0  LORD  God  of  hosts,  hear  my 
prayer :   *  give  ear,   O   God   of  Ja 
cob  ! l 

Behold,  O  God,  our  shield:  * 
and  look  upon  the  face  of  Thine 
Anointed. 

For  a  day  in  Thy  courts  is  better 

*  than  a  thousand. 

1  had  rather  be  a  menial  in  the 
house  of  my  God,   *  than  to  dwell 
in  the  tents  of  wickedness. 

For  God  loveth  mercy  and  truth  : 

*  the    LORD    will    give    grace    and 
glory. 

No  good  thing  will  He  withhold 
from    them   that   walk   uprightly. 
O  LORD  of  hosts,  blessed  is  the  man 
that  trusteth  in  Thee  ! 

Antiphon.     2Thou  alone  art  the 
Most  High  over  all  the  earth. 
Third  Antiphon.     LORD. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words  "  Thou  hast  been 
favourable." 

Psalm  LXXXIV. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  the  sons  of 
Korah,"  with  the  usual  (now  uncertain) 
superscription.] 

LORD,  Thou  hast  been  favour 
able  unto  Thy  land  :  *  Thou 
hast  brought  back  the  captivity  of 
Jacob. 

Thou  hast  forgiven  the  iniquity  of 
Thy  people  :  *  Thou  hast  covered 
all  their  sins.1 

Thou  hast  taken  away  all  Thy 
wrath  :  *  Thou  hast  turned  Thyself 
from  the  fierceness  of  Thine  anger. 

1  SLH. 


Turn  us,  O  God  of  our  salvation, 

*  and  cause  Thine  anger  towards  us 
to  cease. 

Wilt  Thou  be  angry  with  us  for 
ever  ?  *  wilt  Thou  draw  out  Thine 
anger  to  all  generations  ? 

0  God,  Thou  shalt  again  quicken 
us  :  *  and  Thy  people  shall  rejoice 
in  Thee. 

Show  us  Thy  mercy,  O  LORD  !  * 
and  grant  us  Thy  salvation. 

1  will  hear  what  the  LORD   God 
will   speak   in   me :    *   for    He   will 
speak  peace  unto  His  people, 

And  to  His  saints,  *  and  unto 
them  that  are  changed  in  heart. 

Surely  His  salvation  is  nigh  them 
that  fear  Him,  *  that  glory  may 
dwell  in  our  land. 

Mercy  and  truth  have  met  to 
gether  :  *  righteousness  and  peace 
have  kissed  each  other. 

Truth  hath  sprung  out  of  the 
earth :  *  and  righteousness  hath 
looked  down  from  heaven. 

Yea,  the  LORD  shall  give  that 
which  is  good  :  *  and  our  land  shall 
yield  her  increase. 

Righteousness  shall  go  before 
Him  :  *  and  shall  set  His  footsteps 
in  the  way. 

Psalm  LXXXV. 
[Intituled  "A  Prayer  of  David."] 

BOW  down  Thine  ear,  O  LORD, 
and  hear  me :  *  for  I  am  poor 
and  needy. 

Preserve  my  soul,  for  I  am  holy  : 

*  O  Thou  my  God,  save  Thy  servant 
that  trusteth  in  Thee. 

Be  merciful  unto  me,  O  Lord,  for 
I  cry  unto  Thee  all  the  day  long :  * 
rejoice  the  soul  of  Thy  servant,  for 

2  Ps.  Ixxxii.  19. 


144 


THE   PSALTER. 


unto  Thee,  O  Lord,  do  I  lift  up  my 
soul. 

For  Thou,  Lord,  art  good  and 
ready  to  forgive,  *  and  plenteous 
in  mercy  to  all  them  that  call  upon 
Thee. 

Give  ear,  O  LORD,  unto  my 
prayer  :  *  and  attend  to  the  voice 
of  my  supplication. 

In  the  day  of  my  trouble  I  called 
upon  Thee,  *  for  Thou  hast  heard 
me. 

Among  the  gods  there  is  none  like 
unto  Thee,  O  Lord  :  *  neither  are 
there  any  works  like  unto  Thy  works. 

All  nations  whom  Thou  hast 
made  shall  come  and  worship  be 
fore  Thee,  O  Lord:  *  and  shall 
glorify  Thy  name. 

For  Thou  art  great  and  doest  won 
drous  things  :  *  Thou  art  God  alone. 

Teach  me  Thy  way,  O  LORD, 
and  I  will  walk  in  Thy  truth:  * 
let  mine  heart  be  glad,  that  it  may 
fear  Thy  name. 

I  will  praise  Thee,  O  Lord  my 
God,  with  all  mine  heart,  *  and  I 
will  glorify  Thy  name  for  evermore. 

For  great  is  Thy  mercy  toward 
me  :  *  and  Thou  hast  delivered  my 
soul  from  the  lowest  hell. 

O  God,  the  wicked  are  risen 
against  me,  and  the  assemblies  of 
violent  men  have  sought  after  my 
soul,  *  and  have  not  set  Thee  before 
them. 

But  Thou,  O  Lord,  art  a  God  full 
of  compassion  and  gracious,  *  long- 
suffering,  and  plenteous  in  mercy 
and  truth. 

O  look  upon  me,  and  have  mercy 
1  Ps.  Ixxxiv.  2. 


upon  me  :  *  give  Thy  strength  unto 
Thy  servant,  and  save  the  son  of 
Thine  handmaid ! 

Show  me  a  token  for  good,  that 
they  which  hate  me  may  see  it  and  be 
ashamed  :  *  because  Thou,  O  LORD, 
hast  holpen  me,  and  comforted  me. 

Antiphon.       1  LORD,    Thou    hast 
been  favourable  unto  Thy  land. 
Fourth  Antiphon.   Her  foundation. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words,  "Is  in  the  holy 
mountains." 

Psalm  LXXXVI. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm.  A  Song  of  the 
sons  of  Korah."  The  Targum  adds  that  it 
was  based  upon  words  of  the  ancients, 
perhaps  meaning  that  the  two  first  verses 
before  the  SLH  were  an  ancient  saying  to 
which  the  rest  was  a  later  addition.] 

ER  foundation  is  in  the  holy 
mountains  :  *  the  LORD  lov- 
eth  the  gates  of  Zion  more  than  all 
the  dwellings  of  Jacob  ! 

Glorious  things  are  spoken  of 
thee,  *  O  city  of  God ! 2 

I  will  make  mention  of  Rahab3 
and  Babylon  *  that  know  me. 

Behold  the  "Strangers,"4  and 
Tyre,  and  the  people  of  Ethiopia,  * 
these  were  there — 

And  of  Zion  shall  it  not  be  said  : 
This  and  that  man  was  born  in  her, 
*  and  the  Highest  Himself  hath 
established  her?5 

The  LORD  shall  make  count, 
when  He  writeth  up  the  people  [and 
the  princes,]  6  *  of  all  that  are  in  her.2 

All  they  that  dwell  in  thee  *  are 
in  gladness. 

2  SLH. 


H 


3  That  is  "the  Insolent  One,"  namely,  Egypt.  4  I.e.,  the  Philistines. 

5  Is  the  meaning  that  Jerusalem  shall  be  illustrious  as  the  birth-place  of  all  kinds  of 
distinguished  persons?     The  Targum,  curiously  enough,  says  that  the  persons  meant  are 
David  and  Solomon,  whereas  David  is  a  native  of  Bethlehem. 

6  Displaced  from  the  beginning  of  the  next  verse. 


FRIDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


Psalm  LXXXVII. 

[This  Psalm  has  a  long  superscription,  in 
which  its  authorship  is  attributed  to  Heman 
the  Ezrahite,  one  of  five  brothers,  descen 
dants  of  Zarah,  the  son  of  Judah.  Four  of 
them  were  celebrated  for  wisdom.  3  (i) 
Kings  iv.  31.  This  Psalm  was  written  for 
the  sons  of  Korah,  and  intended  to  be  sung 
with  an  accompaniment  of  pipes  and  flutes.] 

LORD  God  of  my  salvation,  * 
i   have  cried  day  and  night 
before  Thee. 

Let  my  prayer  come  before  Thee  ; 

*  incline  Thine  ear  unto  my  cry. 
For  my  soul  is  full  of  troubles  :   * 

and  my  life  draweth  nigh  unto  the 
grave. 

I  am  counted  with  them  that  go 
down  into  the  pit :  *  I  am  as  a 
man  that  hath  no  strength,  lying 
nerveless  among  the  dead, 

Like  the  pierced  that  lie  in  the 
grave,  whom  Thou  rememberest  no 
more  :  *  and  they  are  cast  off  from 
Thine  hand. 

They  have  laid  me  in  the  lowest 
pit,  *  in  darkness  and  in  the  shadow 
of  death. 

Thy  wrath   lieth   hard  upon   me, 

*  and  Thou  hast  afflicted  me  with 
all  Thy  waves.1 

Thou  hast  put  away  mine  ac 
quaintance  far  from  me :  *  they 
have  made  me  an  abomination  unto 
them. 

I  am  shut  up,  and  cannot  come 
forth :  *  mine  eyes  fail  by  reason 
of  affliction. 

LORD,  I  have  called  daily  upon 
Thee  :  *  I  have  stretched  out  my 
hands  unto  Thee  ! 

Wilt  Thou  show  wonders  to  the 
dead  ?  *  or  can  physicians  quicken 
them,  so  that  they  may  praise 
Thee  ? l 

Shall     Thy    loving -kindness    be 

1  SLH. 


declared  in  the  grave,  *  and  Thy 
faithfulness  in  destruction  ? 

Shall  Thy  wonders  be  known  in 
the  dark,  *  and  Thy  righteousness 
in  the  land  of  forgetfulness  ? 

But  unto  Thee  have  I  cried,  O 
LORD  :  *  and  in  the  morning  shall 
my  prayer  come  before  Thee. 

LORD,  why  easiest  Thou  off  my 
prayer,  *  why  hidest  Thou  Thy  face 
from  me  ? 

I  am  afflicted,  and  in  toil  from 
my  youth  up :  *  and  when  I  was 
lifted  up,  then  was  I  brought  down 
and  troubled  : 

Thy  fierce  wrath  goeth  over  me, 

*  and  Thy  terrors  have  troubled  me. 
They  came   round  about  me   all 

the  day  like  a  flood  :  *  they  com 
passed  me  about  together. 

Friend  and  neighbour  hast  Thou 
put  far  from  me,  *  mine  acquaint 
ance  also,  because  of  my  misery. 

Antiphon.       2  Her    foundation    is 
in  the  holy  mountains. 
Fifth  Antiphon,     Blessed. 

Psalm  LXXXVII  I. 

[Intituled  "  A  didactic  (?)  Poem  of  Ethan 
the  Ezrahite."  This  Ethan  was  a  brother 
of  the  author  of  the  last  Psalm.  ] 

I  WILL  sing  of  the  mercies  *  of 
the  LORD  for  ever. 
With    my    mouth    will    I    make 
known    Thy    faithfulness    *    to    all 
generations. 

For  Thou  hast  said  :  Mercy  shall 
be  built  up  for  ever  in  the  heavens  : 

*  Thy   faithfulness   shall   be   estab 
lished  in  them. 

I  have  made  a  covenant  with  My 
chosen,  I  have  sworn  unto  David 
My  servant :  *  thy  seed  will  I 
establish  for  ever. 


146 


THE   PSALTER. 


And  build  up  thy  throne  *  to 
all  generations.1 

And  the  heavens  shall  praise  Thy 
wonders,  O  LORD;  *  Thy  faithful 
ness  also  in  the  congregation  of  the 
Saints — 

For  who  in  heaven  can  be  com 
pared  unto  the  LORD  ?  *  Who 
among  the  sons  of  God  can  be 
likened  unto  GOD  ? 

God,  Which  is  glorious  in  the 
assembly  of  the  saints,  *  great 
and  terrible  to  all  them  that  are 
about  Him. 

O  LORD  God  of  hosts,  who  is 
like  unto  Thee  ?  *  Thou  art  strong, 
O  LORD,  and  Thy  faithfulness  is 
round  about  Thee ! 

Thou  rulest  the  raging  of  the 
sea :  *  when  the  waves  thereof 
arise  Thou  stillest  them. 

Thou  hast  broken  the  "  Inso 
lent  "  one,2  as  one  that  is  slain : 
*  Thou  hast  scattered  Thine  ene 
mies  with  Thy  strong  arm. 

The  heavens  are  Thine,  the 
earth  also  is  Thine,  as  for  the 
world  and  the  fulness  thereof 
Thou  hast  founded  them :  *  the 
North  and  the  South  Thou  hast 
created  them  : 

3  Tabor  and  Hermon  shall  re 
joice  in  Thy  name.  *  Thou  hast 
a  mighty  arm. 

Strong  is  Thine  hand,  and  high 
Thy  right  hand :  *  justice  and 
judgment  are  the  foundations  of 
Thy  throne. 

Mercy  and  truth  shall  go  before 
Thy  face.  *  Blessed  is  the  people 
that  know  the  joyful  sound  ! 


They  shall  walk,  O  LORD,  in 
the  light  of  Thy  countenance,  and 
in  Thy  name  shall  they  rejoice  all 
the  day :  *  in  Thy  righteousness 
also  shall  they  be  exalted. 

For  thou  art  the  glory  of  their 
strength :  and  in  Thy  favour 
our  horn  shall  be  exalted. 

For  of  the  LORD  is  our  de 
fence,  *  and  of  the  Holy  One  of 
Israel  is  our  King. 

Then  Thou  spakest  in  vision  to 
Thine  holy  ones,  and  saidst :  *  I 
have  laid  help  upon  one  that  is 
mighty,  and  have  exalted  one 
chosen  out  of  My  people. 

I  have  found  David  My  ser 
vant  :  *  with  Mine  holy  oil  have  I 
anointed  him. 

For  Mine  hand  shall  help  him  : 
*  Mine  arm  also  shall  strengthen 
him. 

The  enemy  shall  prevail  nothing 
against  him :  *  nor  the  son  of 
wickedness  afflict  him. 

And  I  will  beat  down  his  foes 
before  his  face,  *  and  put  them 
that  hate  him  to  flight. 

And  My  truth  and  My  mercy 
shall  be  with  him :  *  and  in  My 
Name  shall  his  horn  be  exalted. 

I  will  set  his  hand  also  in  the 
sea,  *  and  his  right  hand  in  the 
rivers.4 

He  shall  cry  unto  me :  Thou 
art  my  Father,  *  my  God,  and 
the  rock  of  my  salvation. 

5  Also  I  will  make  him  My  first 
born,  *  higher  than  the  kings  of 
the  earth. 

My   mercy   will   I   keep   for   him 


1  SLH.  2  Rahab— *.«.,  Egypt. 

3  Two  prominent  mountains  in  the  North  of  Syria. 

4  That  is  ; — "  I  will  make  his  power  to  be  bounded  on  the  West  by  the  Mediterranean, 
and  on  the  East  by  the  Tigris  and  Euphrates." 

5  The  next  verses  are  a  sort  of  quotation  of  the  Divine  message  given  by  Nathan  to 
David.     2  Kings  (Sam.)  vii.   14-16. 


FRIDAY   AT    MATTINS. 


147 


for  evermore,  *  and  My  covenant 
shall  stand  fast  with  him. 

His  seed  also  will  I  make  to 
endure  for  ever,  *  and  his  throne 
as  the  days  of  heaven. 

But  if  his  children  forsake  My 
law,  *  and  walk  not  in  My  judg 
ments,— 

If  they  break  My  statutes,  *  and 
keep  not  My  commandments, 

Then  I  will  visit  their  trans 
gressions  with  the  rod,  *  and 
their  iniquity  with  stripes. 

Nevertheless  My  loving-kindness 
will  I  not  utterly  take  from  him, 

*  nor  fail  in  My  truth. 

My  covenant  also  will  I  not  break, 

*  nor  make  void  the  thing  that  is 
gone  out  of  My  lips. 

Once  have  I  sworn  by  Mine 
holiness,  that  I  will  not  lie  unto 
David  :  *  his  seed  shall  endure  for 
ever, 

And  his  throne,  as  the  sun  before 
Me :  *  and  as  the  full  moon  for 
ever,  and  as  the  faithful  witness  in 
heaven.1 

But  Thou  hast  cast  off  and  de 
spised,  *  Thou  hast  put  away  Thine 
Anointed. 

Thou  hast  made  void  the  cove 
nant  of  Thy  servant :  *  Thou  hast 
profaned  his  crown  [by  casting]  it 
to  the  ground. 

Thou  hast  broken  down  all  his 
hedges :  *  Thou  hast  brought  his 
strongholds  to  ruin. 

All  that  pass  by  the  way  spoil 
him :  *  he  is  a  reproach  to  his 
neighbours. 

Thou  hast  set  up  the  right  hand 
of  his  adversaries :  *  Thou  hast 
made  all  his  enemies  to  rejoice. 


Thou  hast  turned  the  edge  of  his 
sword,  *  and  hast  not  upholden  him 
in  battle. 

Thou  hast  made  his  brightness  to 
cease,  *  and  cast  his  throne  down 
to  the  ground. 

The  days  of  his  youth  hast  Thou 
shortened:  *  Thou  hast  covered 
him  with  shame.2 

How  long,  LORD,  wilt  Thou  hide 
Thyself,  for  ever?  *  Shall  Thy 
wrath  burn  like  fire? 

Remember  how  short  my  time  is : 
*  wherefore  hast  Thou  made  all  the 
sons  of  men  in  vain  ? 

What  man  is  he  that  liveth,  and 
shall  not  see  death?  *  Shall  he 
deliver  his  soul  from  the  hand  of 
the  grave  ? 2 

Lord,  where  are  Thy  former  lov 
ing-kindnesses,  *  which  Thou  swarest 
unto  David  in  Thy  truth  ? 

Remember,  Lord,  the  reproach  of 
Thy  servants,  *  (that  I  bear  in  my 
bosom)  even  the  reproach  of  many 
people — 

Wherewith  Thine  enemies  have 
reproached,  O  LORD —  *  wherewith 
they  have  reproached  the  woes  of 
Thine  Anointed. 

Blessed  be  the  LORD  for  ever 
more  !  *  Amen,  Amen.3 


Psalm  XCIII. 

[The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  ascribe  this 
Psalm  to  David,  and  assign  it  to  the  fourth 
day  of  the  week.  ] 

THE  LORD  God  to  Whom  ven 
geance  belongeth,  *  the  God 
to  Whom  vengeance  belongeth  hath 
shown  Himself. 

Lift   up   Thyself,   Thou  judge   of 


1  SLH.      Is  the  "faithful  witness"  the  rainbow?     See  Gen.  ix.     (Thursday  after  Sexa- 
gesima  Sunday. )  2  SLH. 

3  Here  ends  the  third  of  the  five  books  into  which  the  Psalter  is  divided. 


148 


THE   PSALTER. 


the  earth  :  *  render  a  reward  to  the 
proud. 

LORD,  how  long  shall  the  wicked, 

*  how     long     shall     the     wicked 
triumph  ? 

How  long  shall  they  utter  and 
speak  iniquity  ?  *  all  the  workers  of 
wickedness  boast  themselves  ? 

They  crush  Thy  people,  O  LORD! 

*  and  afflict  Thine  heritage. 

They  slay  the  widow  and  the 
stranger,  *  and  murder  the  father 
less. 

Yet  they  say:  The  LORD  shall 
not  see,  *  neither  shall  the  God  of 
Jacob  understand. 

Understand,  ye  brutish  among  the 
people !  *  and  ye  fools,  some  time 
be  wise  ! 

He  That  planted  the  ear,  shall  He 
not  hear  ?  *  or  He  That  formed  the 
eye,  can  He  not  see  ? 

He  That  chastiseth  the  heathen, 
shall  not  He  correct?  *  He  That 
teacheth  man  knowledge? 

The  LORD  knoweth  the  thoughts 
of  men,  *  that  they  are  vanity. 

Blessed  is  the  man  whom  Thou 
chastenest,  O  LORD,  *  and  teachest 
out  of  Thy  law.. 

That  Thou  mayest  give  him  rest 
from  the  days  of  adversity,  *  until 
the  pit  be  digged  for  the  wicked. 

For  the  LORD  will  not  cast  off 
His  people,  *  neither  will  He  for 
sake  His  inheritance. 

Until  righteousness  return  unto 
judgment,  *  and  all  the  upright  in 
heart  follow  it. 

Who  will  rise  up  for  me  against 
the  evil-doers  ?  *  or  who  will  stand 
up  with  me  against  the  workers  of 
iniquity  ? 


Unless  the  LORD  had  been  mine 
help,  *  my  soul  had  almost  dwelt 
in  the  grave. 

When  I  said :  My  foot  slippeth 
—  *  Thy  mercy,  O  LORD,  held  me 
up. 

In  the  multitude  of  the  sorrows 
within  mine  heart,  *  Thy  comforts 
delight  my  soul. 

1  Hath  the  throne  of  iniquity 
fellowship  with  Thee? —  *  which 
frameth  mischief  by  a  law? 

They  that  gather  themselves 
together  against  the  soul  of  the 
righteous,  *  and  condemn  the  in 
nocent  blood — ? 

But  the  LORD  is  my  refuge,  * 
and  my  God  is  the  stay  of  my 
trust. 

And  He  shall  bring  upon  them 
their  own  iniquity,  and  shall  cut 
them  off  in  their  own  wickedness  : 
*  the  LORD  our  God  shall  cut 
them  off. 

Antiphon.  2  Blessed  be  the  LORD 
for  evermore. 

Sixth  Antiphon.     Sing. 

Psalm  XCV. 

[In  I  Par.  (Chron. )  xvi.  it  is  stated  that 
David  gave  this  Psalm  to  Asaph  and  his 
brethren  upon  the  day  that  the  ark  was 
brought  to  Jerusalem.  The  text  is  there 
given  somewhat  differently,  and  the  whole 
forms  the  second  part  of  one  Psalm,  of 
which  the  first  part  consists  of  the  first 
fifteen  verses  of  Ps.  civ.  The  Vulgate  and 
the  LXX.  note  that  it  was  sung  at  the 
rebuilding  of  the  Temple  after  the  Cap 
tivity.] 

OSING   unto  the  LORD   a  new 
song :  *  sing  unto  the  LORD, 
all  the  earth. 

Sing   unto  the   LORD,  and    bless 


1  This  verse  is  translated  according  to  the  sense  of  the  Hebrew,  the  LXX.,  Aquila, 
Symmachus,  Theodotion,  and  St  Jerome,  but  the  Latin  has  the  second,  instead  of  the 
third,  person  singular  in  the  last  clause.  2  Ps.  Ixxxviii.  53. 


FRIDAY   AT    MATTINS. 


149 


His  Name :  *  show  forth  His  sal 
vation  from  day  to  day. 

Declare  His  glory  among  the 
heathen,  *  His  wonders  among  all 
people. 

For  the  LORD  is  great,  and  greatly 
to  be  praised  :  *  He  is  to  be  feared 
above  all  gods. 

For  all  the  gods  of  the  heathen 
are  devils  :  *  but  the  LORD  made 
the  heavens. 

Praise  and  beauty  are  before 
Him  :  *  holiness  and  majesty  are 
in  His  sanctuary. 

Give  unto  the  LORD,  O  ye  kin 
dreds  of  the  people,  give  unto  the 
LORD  glory  and  honour :  *  give 
unto  the  LORD  the  glory  due  unto 
His  name. 

Bring  sacrifices,  and  come  into 
His  courts  :  *  O  worship  the  LORD 
in  His  holy  temple  ! 

Let  all  the  earth  fear  before 
Him.  *  Say  among  the  heathen, 
The  LORD  reigneth ! 

He  hath  established  the  world 
also,  that  it  shall  not  be  moved : 
*  He  shall  judge  the  people  right 
eously. 

Let  the  heavens  rejoice,  and  let 
the  earth  be  glad,  let  the  sea  roar, 
and  the  fulness  thereof:  *  let  the 
fields  be  joyful  and  all  that  is 
therein. 

Then  shall  all  the  trees  of  the 
wood  rejoice  before  the  LORD,  for 
He  cometh,  *  for  He  cometh  to 
judge  the  earth. 

He  shall  judge  the  world  with 
righteousness :  *  and  the  people 
with  His  truth.1 


Psalm  XCVI. 

[The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  have  the 
superscription  "[A  Psalm]  of  David  when 
his  country  was  re  -  established  "  —  per 
haps  meaning  after  the  usurpation  of  Ab- 
solom.] 


LORD  reigneth  ;  let  the 
-*-  earth  rejoice  :  *  let  the  mul 
titude  of  isles  be  glad  thereof. 

Clouds  and  darkness  are  round 
about  Him  :  *  righteousness  and 
judgment  are  the  foundation  of 
His  throne. 

A  fire  shall  go  before  Him,  *  and 
burn  up  His  enemies  round  about. 

His  lightnings  enlightened  the 
world  :  *  the  earth  saw  and  trem 
bled. 

The  hills  melted  like  wax  at 
the  presence  of  the  LORD,  *  at 
the  presence  of  the  Lord  of  the 
whole  earth. 

The  heavens  declared  His  right 
eousness,  *  and  all  the  people 
saw  His  glory. 

Confounded  be  all  they  that 
worship  graven  images,  *  and  that 
boast  themselves  of  idols. 

Worship  Him,  all  ye  His  An 
gels  !  *  Zion  heard,  and  was  glad. 

And  the  daughters  of  Judah 
rejoiced,  *  because  of  Thy  judg 
ments,  O  LORD  ! 

For  thou,  LORD,  art  high  above 
all  the  earth  :  *  Thou  art  exalted 
far  above  all  gods. 

Ye  that  love  the  LORD,  hate  evil  : 
*  the  Lord  preserveth  the  souls  of 
His  saints  ;  He  delivereth  them  out 
of  the  hand  of  the  wicked. 

Light     is     sprung     up     for     the 


1  In  I  Par.  (Chron.)  xvi.  the  Psalm  continues: — "O  give  thanks  unto  the  LORD,  for 
He  is  good  :  for  His  mercy  endureth  for  ever.  And  say  ye  :  Save  us,  O  God  of  our 
salvation,  and  gather  us  together,  and  deliver  us  from  the  heathen,  that  we  may  give 
thanks  to  Thy  holy  Name,  and  glory  in  Thy  praise.  Blessed  be  the  LORD  God  of 
Israel  for  ever  and  ever.  And  all  the  people  said  :  'Amen'  and  praised  the  LORD" 
— possibly  in  Ps.  cxxxv. 


ISO 


THE    PSALTER. 


righteous,    *    and    gladness   for   the 
upright  in  heart. 

Rejoice  in  the  LORD,  ye  right 
eous,  *  and  give  thanks  to  the 
memorial  of  His  holiness ! 

Antiphon.  l  Sing  unto  the  LORD, 
.and  bless  His  name. 

Antiphon  for  Paschal  time.  Al 
leluia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Then  is  said  a  Verse  and  Answer. 
In  Advent. 

Verse.  Send  forth  the  Lamb,  O 
Lord,  the  ruler  of  the  land. 

Answer.  From  the  "  Rock  "  of 
the  wilderness  unto  the  mount  of 
the  daughter  of  Zion. 

During  the  rest  of  the  year. 
Verse.       2  Let    my    prayer    come 
before  Thee,   O  Lord. 

Answer.  Incline  Thine  ear  unto 
my  cry. 

In  Lent. 

Verse.  He  shall  cover  thee  with 
His  wings. 

Answer.  And  under  His  feath 
ers  shalt  thou  trust. 

In  Passion  time. 

Verse.  O  Lord,  save  me  from 
the  lion's  mouth. 

Answer.  And  mine  affliction 
from  the  horns  of  the  unicorns. 

In  Paschal  time. 

Verse.  The  Lord  is  risen  in 
deed,  Alleluia. 

Answer.  And  hath  appeared  un 
to  Simon,  Alleluia. 

The  rest  is  the  same  as  the  Second 


Nocturn  on  the  preceding  Sunday,  only 
the  Lessons,  and  sometimes  the  Rt 


Simple  Feasts.  It  is  to  be  remembered 
that  when  a  Simple  Feast  is  kept  on 
Friday,  the  Invitatory  and  Hymn  are 
of  the  Feast,  being  taken  from  the  Com 
mon  of  Saints  of  the  class,  unless  speci 
ally  given. 

Then  the  Psalms  and  Antiphons  of 
the  Week-day,  as  given  above.  Then  is 
said  a  Verse  and  Answer  as  follows : 

I ?i  the  Simple  Office  for  one  or  many 
Martyrs  in  Paschal  time. 

Verse.  The  everlasting  light 
shall  shine  upon  Thy  Saints,  O 
Lord.  Alleluia. 

Answer.  Even  unto  everlasting. 
Alleluia. 


.sories,  are  those  of  the  day. 


1    Ps.   XCV.  2. 

4  Ps.  Ixvii.  3. 


In  the  Simple  Office  for  one  Martyr, 
(put  of  Paschal  time}. 

Verse.     3  Thou  hast  set  a  crown, 
O  Lord,   of  precious  stones. 
Answer.     Upon  his  head. 

In  the  Simple  Office  for  many  Martyrs, 
(out  of  Paschal  time}. 

Verse.  4  Let  the  righteous  re 
joice  before  God. 

Answer.  Yea,  let  them  exceed 
ingly  rejoice. 

In  the  Simple  Office  for  a  Bishop  and 
Co?ifessor. 

Verse.  5  The  Lord  chose  him  for 
a  priest  unto  Himself. 

\In  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 
Answer.     To  offer  up  unto  Him 
the  sacrifice  of  praise. 

\In  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 

In  the  Simple  Office  for  a  Confessor 
not  a  Bishop. 

Verse.  6  The  mouth  of  the  right 
eous  shall  speak  wisdom. 

[In  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 

Answer.  And  his  tongue  talk  of 
judgment. 

[/;/  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 

2  Ps.  txxxvii.  3.  3  Ps.  xx.  3. 

6  Ps.  xxxvi.  30. 


Respon- 


5  Ecclus.  xlv.  16. 


FRIDAY   AT    MATTINS. 


For  one  Holy  Woman,  of  whatever 
kind. 

Verse.     *  God  shall  give  her  the 
help  of  His  countenance. 

[In  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 

Answer.  God  is  in  the  midst  of 
her,  she  shall  not  be  moved. 

\In  Paschal  time,  add  Alleluia.] 

The  others,  as  well  as  what  follows, 
to  the  end  of  the  Service,  are  taken  from 
the  Second  Nocturn  of  the  Office  common 
to  Saints  of  the  class,  unless  something 
special  be  appointed.  The  Lessons  are 
arranged  according  to  the  rules  in  Chap 
ter  xxvi.  4  of  the  general  Rubrics. 
The  Hymn,  "We  praise  Thee,  O  God," 
is  said  at  the  end,  instead  of  a  Third 
Responsory.  The  Responsories  are  ar 
ranged  according  to  the  rules  i?i  Chapter 
xxvii.  4  of  the  General  Rubrics.  Thus: — 

The  Lord's  Prayer  is  said: 

OUR  Father  (inaudibly],  Who  art 
in  heaven,  Hallowed  be  Thy 
Name.  Thy  Kingdom  come.  Thy 
will  be  done  on  earth,  as  it  is  in 
heaven.  Give  us  this  day  our  daily 
bread.  And  forgive  us  our  tres 
passes,  as  we  forgive  them  that  tres 
pass  against  us.  (Aloud.) 

Verse.  And  lead  us  not  into 
temptation. 

Answer.  But  deliver  us  from 
evil. 

Then  this  Absolution : 

"TV/FAY  His  loving  kindness  and 
-*>»-*-  mercy  help  us,  Who  liveth 
and  reigneth  with  the  Father,  and 
the  Holy  Ghost,  world  without  end. 
Answer.  Amen. 


Then  the  Reader  says : 
Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 


ing. 


First  Blessing,  if  the  Lesson  be  from 
Scripture. 

God  the  Father,  the  Almighty, 
Show  on  us  His  grace  and  mercy. 
Answer.     Amen. 

First  Blessing,  if  the  Lesson  be  of  an 
Homily. 

May  the  Gospel's  saving  Lord 
Bless  the  reading  of  His  Word. 
Answer.     Amen. 

First  Blessing  on  a  Simple  Feast. 

May  His  blessing  be  upon  us, 
Who  doth  live  and  reign  for  ever. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Then  is  read  the  First  Lesson  from 
Scripture  or  from  the  Homily,  or,  on  a 
Simple  Feast,  either  the  First  from 
Scripture,  or,  if  the  Saint  or  Saints 
have  two  Lessons,  the  whole  three  Scrip 
ture  Lessons  read  together  as  one. 

Then  the  First  Responsory,  unless 
otherwise  directed.  On  a  week-day  kept 
as  such,  this  is  the  First  Responsory  of 
the  preceding  Sunday.  On  a  Simple 
Feast,  it  is  the  First  Responsory  in  the 
Common  Office  for  the  class  to  which 
the  Saint  belongs. 

Then  the  Reader  says : 

Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 
ing. 

Second  Blessing,  if  the  Lesson  be  of 
Scripture. 

May  Christ  to  all  His  people  give 
For  ever  in  His  sight  to  live. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Second  Blessing,  if  the  Lesson  be  from 
an  Homily. 

God's  most  mighty  strength  alway 
Be  His  people's  staff  and  stay. 
Answer.      Amen. 


1  Ps.  xlv.  5,  (Alexandrian  version). 


152 


THE   PSALTER. 


Second  Blessing,  for  a  Simple  Feast. 

He  (or  She  or  They)  whose  feast- 
day  we  are  keeping 
Plead  for  us  before  the  Lord. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Then  is  read  the  Second  Lesson,  either 
from  the  Scripture  or  from  an  Homily, 
or,  on  a  Simple  Feast,  either  the  Second 
and  Third  Lessons  from  Scripture  read 
together  as  one,  or,  if  the  Saint  or  Saints 
have  two  Lessons,  the  first  of  these. 

Then  the  Second  Responsory,  tmless 
otherwise  directed.  On  a  week-day  kept 
as  such,  this  is  the  Second  Responsory 
of  the  preceding  Sunday,  but  in  Paschal 
time  there  is  added  to  it : 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

And  the  Answer  of  the  Responsory  is 
repeated  again. 

On  a  Simple  Feast  the  Second  Re 
sponsory  in  the  Common  Office  for  the 
class  to  which  the  Saint  belongs,  with  the 
addition  of  "  Glory  be  to  the  Father," 
&>c.,  and  the  repetition  of  the  Answer. 


Then  the  Reader  says : 

Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 
ing. 

Third  Blessing,  if  the  Lesson  be  of 
Scripture. 

May  the  Spirit's  fire  divine 
In  our  inmost  being  shine. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Third  Blessing,  for  a  Simple  Feast,  or 
if  the  Lesson  be  from  an  Homily. 

May  He  that  is  the  Angels'  King 
To  that  high  realm  His  people  bring. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Then  is  read  the  Third  Lesson  either 
from  Scripture,  or  of  the  Homily,  or, 
on  Simple  Feasts,  the  Second  or  only 
Lesson  of  the  Saint. 

Then,  on  Simple  Feasts  and  on  any 
day  in  Paschal  time  is  said  the  Hymn, 
"We  praise  Thee,  O  God."  But  on 
week-days  kept  as  such  out  of  Paschal 
time  the  Third  Responsory  of  the  pre 
ceding  Sunday. 


153 


at 


THE    SIXTH    DAY    OF   THE   WEEK. 


All  as  on  Sunday,  except  as  other 
wise  given  here. 

The  Psalms  are  as  follows : 
Antiphon.     Uphold  mine  heart. 

Psalm  L. 

Have  mercy  upon  me,  &c.,  (/. 
87). 

Anfiphon.  Uphold  mine  heart 
with  Thy  free  spirit,  O  God. 

Second  Antiphon.  In  Thy  faith 
fulness. 

Psalm  CXLII. 

[Intituled    "A    Psalm    of  David,"    and 

the   Vulgate   and   the   LXX.  add,    "when 

he  was  being  persecuted  by  Absolom  his 
son."] 

TTEAR  my  prayer,  O  LORD, 
•*•  -*•  give  ear  to  my  supplication 
in  Thy  faithfulness  :  *  answer  me, 
in  Thy  righteousness. 

And  enter  not  into  judgment 
with  Thy  servant :  *  for  in  Thy 
sight  shall  no  man  living  be  jus 
tified. 

For  the  enemy  hath  persecuted 
my  soul  :  *  he  hath  smitten  my 
life  down  to  the  ground : 

He  hath  made  me  to  dwell  in 
darkness,  as  those  that  have  been 


long  dead.  *  Therefore  is  my 
spirit  overwhelmed  within  me :  mine 
heart  within  me  is  troubled. 

I  remember  the  days  of  old : 
I  meditate  on  all  thy  works  :  * 
I  muse  on  the  works  of  Thine 
hands. 

I  stretch  forth  mine  hands  unto 
Thee :  *  my  soul  [thirsteth]  after 
Thee,  as  a  thirsty  land.1 

Hear  me  speedily,  O  LORD  :  * 
my  spirit  faileth  : 

Hide  not  Thy  face  from  me,  * 
lest  I  be  like  unto  them  that  go 
down  into  the  pit. 

Cause  me  to  hear  Thy  loving- 
kindness  in  the  morning :  *  for 
in  Thee  do  I  trust : 

Cause  me  to  know  the  way 
wherein  I  should  walk :  *  for  I 
lift  up  my  soul  unto  Thee. 

Deliver  me,  O  LORD,  from 
mine  enemies  :  I  flee  unto  Thee 
to  hide  me.  *  Teach  me  to  do 
Thy  will :  for  Thou  art  my  God. 

Let    Thy    good    Spirit    lead    me 
into    the    land    of    uprightness. 
For    Thy    name's    sake,    O    LORD, 
Thou    shalt    quicken    me    in     Thy 
righteousness. 

Thou  shalt  bring  my  soul  out 
of  trouble :  *  and  of  Thy  mercy 
cut  off  mine  enemies, 


1  SLH. 


154 


THE   PSALTER. 


And  destroy  all  them  that  af 
flict  my  soul :  *  for  I  am  Thy 
servant. 

Antiphon.  In  Thy  faithfulness, 
answer  me,  O  Lprd. 

Third  Antiphon.     O  Lord. 

Psalms  LXIL,  LXVI. 

O  God.  Thou  art  my  God,  &c., 
(/•  23). 

Antiphon.  O  Lord,  cause  Thy 
face  to  shine  upon  us. 

Fourth  Antiphon.  O  LORD,  I 
have  heard. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used  the  Can 
ticle  begins  with  the  words,  "Thy 
speech." 

THE  SONG  OF  HABAKKUK  THE 
PROPHET.     (Hab.  iii.) 

[Intituled  "A  prayer  of  Habakkuk  the 
Prophet "  with  a  direction,  perhaps  musi 
cal.] 

OLORD,  I  have  heard  tell  of 
Thee  :  *  and  was  afraid : 

O  LORD,  revive  Thy  work  *  in 
the  midst  of  the  years  ; 

In  the  midst  of  the  years  shalt 
Thou  make  it  known  :  *  in  wrath, 
Thou  wilt  remember  mercy. 

God  shall  come  from  "  the 
South,"  *  and  the  Holy  One 
from  Mount  Paran.1 


His    glory   covered    the  heavens, 

*  and    the    earth   was   full    of   His 
praise. 

His  brightness  was  as  the  light : 

*  He    had   horns2   coming   out   of 
His  hand : 

There  was  the  hiding  of  His 
power.  *  Before  Him  went  death. 

And  the  destroyer  went  forth 
at  His  feet.  *  He  stood  and  mea 
sured  the  earth  : 

He  beheld,  and  drove  asunder 
the  nations :  *  and  the  everlast 
ing  mountains  were  crushed : 

The  everlasting  hills  did  bow  :  * 
because  the  Eternal  passed  by.3 

I  saw  the  tents  of  Ethiopia  in 
affliction :  *  the  curtains  of  the 
land  of  Midian  did  tremble.4 

Wast  Thou  displeased  against 
the  rivers,  O  LORD  ?  *  was  Thine 
anger  against  the  rivers  ?  Thy 
wrath  against  the  sea? 

That  Thou  didst  ride  upon 
Thine  horses,  *  and  Thy  chariots 
were  salvation? 

Thou  didst  seize  and  draw  Thy 
bow,  *  according  to  the  oaths  that 
Thou  utteredst  unto  the  tribes.5 

Thou  didst  cleave  the  rivers  of 
the  earth  :  the  mountains  saw  Thee 
and  they  trembled  :  *  the  overflow 
ing  of  the  water  passed  by  : 

The  deep  uttered  his  voice:  * 
he  lifted  up  his  hands  on  high. 

The    sun    and    moon    stood   still 


1  SLH.      "The  South"  is,  in  the  original,  "Teman,"  the  name  of  a  country  and  nation 
eastward  of  Idumea,  but  used  for  the  south  generally.      Paran,  or  Pharan,  is  an  uncultured 
and  mountainous  region,  lying  between  Arabia  Petraea,  Palestine,  and  Idumea.     The  pas 
sage  is  an  imitation  of  the  words  of  Moses  when  blessing  the  tribes.    Deut.  xxxiii.  2.  "  The 
LORD  came  from  Sinai,  and  rose  up  from  Seir  unto  them ;   He  stirred  forth  from  Mount 
Paran,  and  He  came  with  ten  thousands  of  Saints  :  from  His  right  hand  went  a  fiery  law 
for  them." 

2  Gesenius  says  "  '  Horns'  is  here  used  of  flashes  of  lightning,  just  as  the  Arabian  poets 
compare  the  first  beams  of  the  rising  sun  to  horns,  and  call  the  sun  itself  a  gazelle." 

3  The  present  Hebrew  simply  is  "The  ways  are  everlasting  to  Him." 

4  Proper  name  of  an  Arabian  nation  whose  territory  lay  from  the  eastern  shore  of  the 
^Elanitic  Gulf  as  far  as  the  land  of  Moab.  5  SLH. 


FRIDAY  AT   LAUDS. 


155 


in  their  habitation  :  *  at  the  light 
of  Thine  arrows  they  went  forth,  at 
the  shining  of  Thy  glittering  spear.. 
Thou  didst  tread  down  the 
land  in  indignation  :  *  Thou  didst 
thresh  the  heathen  in  anger. 

Thou  wentest  forth  for  the  sal 
vation  of  Thy  people,  *  even  for 
salvation  with  Thine  Anointed.1 

Thou  didst  smite  the  head  of 
the  house  of  the  wicked  : 2  *  Thou 
didst  lay  bare  the  foundation  unto 
the  neck.3 

Thou  didst  curse  his  sceptre, 
even  the  head  of  his  fighting  men, 
*  when  they  came  out  as  a  whirl 
wind  to  scatter  me  : 

Their  rejoicing  was  as  the  re 
joicing  of  him  *  that  devoureth 
the  poor  secretly. 

Thou  didst  make  a  way  in  the 
sea  for  Thine  horses,  *  through 
the  mire  of  great  waters. 

I  heard,  and  my  belly  trembled  : 
my  lips  quivered  at  the  voice  : 
Let    rottenness    enter    into     my 
bcnes,  and    corruption     swarm 

under   me  : 

That  I  may  rest  in  the  day  of 
trouble :  *  that  I  may  go  up  unto 
our  people  that  are  girded.4 

Although  the  fig-tree  shall  not 
blossom,  *  neither  shall  fruit  be 
in  the  vines  : 

The  labour  of  the  olive  shall 
fail,  ':  and  the  fields  shall  yield 
no  meat : 

The  flock  shall  be  cut  off  from 
the  fold,  *  and  there  shall  be  no 
herd  in  the  stalls  : 


Yet  will  I  rejoice  in  the  LORD  : 
I  will  joy  in  the  God  of  my 
salvation.5 

The  LORD  God  is  my  strength  : 
*  and  He  will  make  my  feet  like 
hinds'  feet  : 

And  He  will  lead  me  forth,  to 
make  me  to  walk  upon  mine  high 
places,  *  as  a  conqueror,  to  sing- 
praises  unto  Him.6 

Antiphon.     O  LORD,  I  have  heard 
Thy  speech,  and  was  afraid. 
Fifth  Antiphon.     Praise  God. 

Psalms  CXLVIII.,  CXLIX.,  CL. 

Praise  ye  the  LORD,  from  the 
heavens,  &c.,  (//.  25,  26). 

Antiphon.  Praise  God  with  the 
timbrel  and  dance. 

CHAPTER.     (Rom.  xiii.  12.) 

The  night  is  far  spent,  &c.,  (as  on 
Monday,  p.  89). 

HYMN.7 


of  the  eternal  Heaven, 
~*     Blessed  Hope  to  mortals  given, 
Of  the  Almighty  Only  Son, 
And  the  Virgin's  Holy  One  ; 
Raise  us,  Lord,  and  we  shall  rise 

In  a  sober  mood, 
And  a  zeal  which  glorifies 
Thee  from  gratitude. 

Now  the  day-star  keenly  glancing, 
Tells  us  of  the  sun's  advancing-; 
While  the  unhealthy  shades  decline, 
Rise  within  us,  Light  Divine  ! 


1  Moses?  2  Pharaoh? 

3  SLH.      Some  critics  read  "  of  the  rock  "  instead  of  "  unto  the  neck." 

Accinctum.     The  Latin  translator  probably  meant  "girt,"  as  the  dead  were  girt,  cf. 
John  xi.  44.  5  jesu  j\jeo_     ^0  tne  Hebrew. 

This  last  clause  seems  to  be  only  a  musical  direction,  which  has  got  confounded  with 
the  text.     Some  translate  it  :  "  Given  to  the  leader  of  the  string  band." 

7  Hymn  of  the  Ambrosian  school,  slightly  altered  ;  translation  by  the  late  Card.  Newman. 


156                                                     THE  PSALTER. 

Rise,  and,  risen,  go  not  hence,  Verse.       Thou    hast    satisfied    us 

Stay  and  make  us  bright,  eariy  with  Thy  mercy. 

Streaming     through     each     cleansed  Answer.       We    rejoice    and    are 

sense, 

On  the  outward  night.  glacl- 

Antiphon   for  the   Sons'  of  Zach- 

Then  the  root  of  faith  shall  spread  .       *         J                     *,  J 

In  the  heart  new  fashioned ;  anas.     Through    the   tender   mercy 

Gladsome  hope  shall  spring  above,  of  our  God  *  the  day-spring  from  on 

And  shall  bear  the  fruit  of  love.  high  hath  visited  us. 
To  the  Father,  and  the  Son, 

And  the  Holy  Ghost,  Commemoration  of  the  Cross  before 

Here  be  glory,  as  is  done,  the  other  Commemorations,  and  Long 

By  the  Angelic  host.  Preces  in   Advent  and  Lent,   and  on 

Amen.  Fast-days,  as  on  Monday. 


157 


§atiiri)aj)  at  Jttattins, 


THE    SABBATH. 


All  as  on  Sunday,  except  as  other 
wise  given  here. 

Invitatory.     O  come,  let  us  wor 
ship  *  the  Lord  our  God. 

HYMN.1 

T7ATHER  of  mercies  infinite, 
•*•        Ruling  all  things  that  be, 
Who,  shrouded  in  the  depth  and  height, 
Art  One,  and  yet  art  Three  ; 

Accept  our  chants,  accept  our  tears, 
A  mingled  stream  we  pour  ; 

Such  stream  the  laden  bosom  cheers, 
To  taste  Thy  sweetness  more. 

Purge  Thou  with  fire  the  o'ercharged 
mind, 

Its  sores  and  wounds  profound; 
And  with  the  watcher's  girdle  bind 

The  limbs  which  sloth  has  bound. 

That  they  who  with  their  chants   by 
night 

Before  Thy  presence  come, 
All  may  be  fill'd  with  strength  and  light 

From  their  eternal  home. 

Grant  this,  O  Father,  Only  Son, 

And  Spirit,  God  of  grace, 
To  whom  all  worship  shall  be  done 

In  every  time  and  place. 

Amen. 

Only  one  Nocturn  is  said. 
Antiphon.     For  the  Lord. 

In  Paschal  time  only  one  Antiphon  is 
said  for  the  whole  Nocturn.     Alleluia. 


Psalm  XCVII. 

[Intituled  "  A  Psalm."    The  Vulgate  and 
the  LXX.  ascribe  it  to  David.] 


O 


SING  unto  the  LORD  a  new 
song:    *   for   He   hath   done 
marvellous  things. 

His  right  hand,  and  His  holy  arm, 

*  have  gotten  Him  the  victory. 
The  LORD  hath  made  known  His 

salvation  :  *  His  righteousness  hath 
He  openly  showed  in  the  sight  of 
the  heathen. 

He  hath  remembered  His  mercy, 

*  and  His  truth  towards  the  house 
of  Israel. 

All  the  ends  of  the  earth  have 
seen  *  the  salvation  of  our  God. 

Make  a  joyful  noise  unto  the 
LORD,  all  the  earth,  *  make  a 
loud  noise  and  rejoice,  and  sing 
praise. 

Sing  unto  the  LORD  with  the 
harp,  with  the  harp  and  the  voice 
of  a  psalm.  *  With  trumpets  and 
sound  of  cornet, 

Make  a  joyful  noise  before  the 
LORD,  the  King.  *  Let  the  sea 
roar,  and  the  fulness  thereof,  the 
world  and  they  that  dwell  therein. 

Let  the  floods  clap  their  hands, 
let  the  hills  be  joyful  together  be- 


1  Another  hymn  of  the  Ambrosian  school,  considerably  altered  ;  translation  by  the  late 
Card.  Newman. 


THE   PSALTER. 


fore  the  LORD.     *  For  He  cometh 
to  judge  the  earth : 

With  righteousness  shall  He  judge 
the  world,  *  and  the  people  with 
equity. 

Psalm  XCVIII. 

[The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  ascribe  this 
Psalm  to  David.] 

THE     LORD     reigneth,     be     the 
people  never  so  impatient :  * 
He  sitteth  upon  the   Cherubim,   be 
the  earth  never  so  unquiet. 

The  LORD  is  great  in  Zion :  ' 
and  He  is  high  above  all  people. 

Let   them   praise   Thy  great   and 
terrible    Name,    for    it    is    holy : 
and  the  King's  majesty  loveth  judg 
ment. 

Thou    dost    establish    equity : 
Thou  executest  judgment  and  right 
eousness  in  Jacob. 

Exalt  ye  the  LORD  our  God,  and 
worship  at  His  footstool :  *  for  it 
is  holy. 

Moses  and  Aaron  among  His 
priests,  *  and  Samuel  among  them 
that  call  upon  His  name. 

They  called  upon  the  LORD,  and 
He  answered  them.  *  He  spake 
unto  them  in  the  cloudy  pillar : 

They    kept     His    testimonies, 
and    the    ordinance    that    He    gave 
them. 

Thou  answeredst  them,  O  LORD 
our  God!  *  O  God,  Thou  forgav- 
est  them,  though  Thou  tookest 
vengeance  of  their  inventions. 

Exalt  the  LORD  our  God  and 
worship  at  His  holy  hill :  *  for  the 
LORD  our  God  is  Holy. 

Antiphon.  l  For  the  Lord  hath 
done  marvellous  things. 


When  the  following  Psalm,  "  Make 
a  joyful  noise  unto  God,  all  ye  lands," 
is  to  be  said  at  Lauds  (as  would  be  the 
case,  for  instance,  if  Christinas  Eve  fell 
on  a  Saturday)  it  is  not  said  here,  nor 
its  A  ntiphon.  But  instead  is  said  Psalm 
xci.,  "  It  is  a  good  thing  to  give  thanks 
unto  the  LORD,"  from  the  Saturday 
Lauds  'which  are  to  be  displaced,  with 
the  Antiphon,  "It  is  a  good  thing  *  to 
give  thanks  unto  the  LORD,"  in  which 
case  the  Psalm  begins  with  the  words 
"  To  give  thanks  unto  the  LORD." 

Second  Antiphon.  Make  a  joyful 
noise. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used,  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words,  "  Unto  GOD,  all 
ye  lands." 

Psalm  XCIX. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  thanksgiving." 
The  Targum  has  "  A  Psalm  for  the  Sacrifice 
or'  thanksgiving."] 

MAKE  a  joyful  noise  unto  GOD, 
all  ye  lands :  *  serve  the 
LORD  with  gladness. 

Come  before  His  presence,  *  with 
singing. 

Know  ye  that  the  LORD,  He  is 
God  :  *  it  is  He  That  hath  made 
us,  and  not  we  ourselves  : 

We  are  His  people,  and  the 
sheep  of  his  pasture.  *  Enter  into 
His  gates  with  thanksgiving,  and 
into  His  courts  with  praise :  give 
thanks  unto  Him, 

Praise  His  Name.  For  the  LORD 
is  good,  His  mercy  is  everlasting  :  * 
and  His  truth  endureth  to  all  gen 
erations. 


I 


Psalm  C. 
[Intituled  "  A  Psalm  of  David."] 

WILL  sing  of  mercy  and  judg 
ment,  *  unto  Thee,  O  LORD  ! 
I    will    sing    and    behave    myself 


1  Ps.  xcvii.  I. 


SATURDAY   AT    MATTINS. 


159 


wisely  in  a  perfect  way.  *  O  when 
wilt  Thou  come  unto  me  ? 

I  walked  within  mine  house,  *  in 
the  innocence  of  mine  heart. 

I  set  no  wicked  thing  before  mine 
eyes :  *  I  hate  the  work  of  them 
that  turn  aside. 

A  froward  heart  cleaveth  not 
unto  me  :  *  the  wicked  person  that 
turned  aside  from  me,  I  would  not 
know. 

Whoso  privily  slandered  his  neigh 
bour,  *  him  did  I  expose. 

Him  that  had  an  high  look  and 
a  proud  heart :  *  with  him  I  will 
not  eat. 

Mine  eyes  are  upon  the  faithful 
of  the  land,  that  they  may  dwell 
with  me :  *  he  that  walked  in  a 
perfect  way,  he  ministered  unto 
me. 

He  that  doeth  proud  things  shall 
not  dwell  within  mine  house  :  *  he 
that  speaketh  wickedness  was  not 
upright  in  my  sight. 

I  will  early  destroy  all  the  wicked 
of  the  land :  *  that  I  may  cut  off 
all  wicked  doers  from  the  city  of  the 
LORD. 

Antiphon.     l  Make  a  joyful  noise 
unto  GOD,  all  ye  lands. 
Third  Antiphon.     O  God. 

Psalm  CI. 

[Intituled  "A  Prayer  of  the  afflicted, 
when  he  is  overwhelmed,  and  poureth 
out  his  complaint  before  the  LORD."] 

IT  EAR  my  prayer,  O  LORD,  * 
•*•  *-  and  let  my  cry  come  unto 
Thee. 

Hide  not  Thy  face  from  me  :   * 
!    in  the  day  when   I   am   in   trouble 
incline  Thine  ear  unto  me. 


In  the  day  when  I  call  upon 
Thee,  *  answer  me  speedily. 

For  my  days  are  wasted  away  like 
smoke :  *  and  my  bones  are  con 
sumed  as  a  firebrand. 

I  am  smitten  like  grass,  and  mine 
heart  is  withered :  *  for  I  have 
forgotten  to  eat  my  bread. 

By  reason  of  the  voice  of  my 
groaning  *  my  bones  cleave  to  my 
flesh. 

I  am  like  a  pelican  of  the  wil 
derness  :  *  I  am  like  an  owl  in  his 
hole. 

I  watch,  *  and  am  as  a  sparrow 
alone  upon  the  house-top. 

Mine  enemies  reproached  me 
all  the  day  :  *  and  they  that 
praised  me  are  sworn  together 
against  me. 

For  I  have  eaten  ashes  like  bread, 
*  and  mingled  my  drink  with  weep 
ing : 

Because  of  thine  indignation  and 
wrath  :  *  for  Thou  hast  lifted  me  up 
and  cast  me  down. 

My  days  are  like  a  shadow  that 
declineth  :  *  and  I  am  withered  like 
grass. 

But  Thou,  O  LORD,  endurest  for 
ever,  *  and  Thy  remembrance  unto 
all  generations. 

Thou  shalt  arise  and  have  mercy 
upon  Zion  :  *  for  the  time  to 
favour  her,  yea,  the  set  time,  is 
come. 

For  Thy  servants  take  pleasure 
in  her  stones :  *  and  have  pity  on 
her  dust. 

So  the  heathen  shall  fear  Thy 
name,  O  LORD,  *  and  all  the  kings 
of  the  earth  Thy  glory. 

When  the  LORD  shall  build  up 
Zion,  *  He  shall  appear  in  His 
glory. 


5.    XClXs    I. 


i6o 


THE    PSALTER. 


He  hath  had  regard  unto  the 
prayer  of  the  destitute,  *  and  hath 
not  despised  their  supplication. 

Let  this  be  written  for  the  gen 
eration  to  come  :  *  and  the  people 
which  shall  be  created  shall  praise 
the  LORD. 

For  He  hath  looked  down  from 
the  height  of  His  sanctuary :  * 
from  heaven  did  the  LORD  behold 
the  earth  : 

To  hear  the  groaning  of  the 
prisoners,  *  to  loose  the  children 
of  the  slain. 

To  declare  the  name  of  the 
LORD  in  Zion,  *  and  His  praise  in 
Jerusalem. 

When  the  people  are  gathered 
together,  *  and  the  kings,  to  serve 
the  LORD. 

1  He  answered  him  in  the  way 
of  his  strength :  *  Show  me  the 
shortness  of  my  days. 

Call  me  not  away  in  the  midst  of 
my  days  :  *  Thy  years  are  unto  all 
generations. 

Thou,  Lord,  in  the  beginning, 
hast  laid  the  foundation  of  the 
earth  :  *  and  the  heavens  are  the 
works  of  Thine  hands. 

They  shall  perish,  but  Thou  re- 
mainest :  *  and  they  all  shall  wax 
old  as  doth  a  garment : 

And  as  a  vesture  shalt  Thou 
change  them,  and  they  shall  be 
changed  :  *  but  Thou  art  the 
Same,  and  Thy  years  shall  not 
fail. 

The  children  of  Thy  servants  shall 
continue :  *  and  their  seed  shall  be 
established  for  ever. 


Psalm  CII. 
[Intituled  "of  David."] 

"DLESS  the  LORD,  O  my  soul:  * 
J-J  and  all  that  is  within  me,  bless 
His  holy  name. 

Bless  the  LORD,  O  my  soul,  *  and 
forget  not  all  His  benefits. 

Who  forgiveth  all  thine  iniquities : 
*  Who  healeth  all  thy  diseases. 

Who  redeemeth  thy  life  from 
destruction  :  *  Who  crowneth  thee 
with  loving  -  kindness  and  tender 
mercies. 

Who  satisfieth  thy  desire  with 
good  things  :  *  thy  youth  is  re 
newed  like  the  eagle's. 

The  LORD  executeth  mercy,  *  and 
judgment  for  all  that  are  oppressed. 

He  made  known  His  ways  unto 
Moses,  *  His  will  unto  the  chil 
dren  of  Israel. 

The  LORD  is  merciful  and  gra 
cious  :  *  slow  to  anger,  and  plen 
teous  in  mercy. 

He  will  not  always  chide :  * 
neither  will  He  keep  His  anger  for 
ever. 

He  hath  not  dealt  with  us  after 
our  sins  :  *  nor  rewarded  us  accord 
ing  to  our  iniquities. 

For  as  the  heaven  is  high  above 
the  earth,  *  so  great  is  His  mercy 
toward  them  that  fear  Him. 

As  far  as  the  east  is  from  the 
west,  *  so  far  hath  He  removed  our 
transgressions  from  us. 

Like  as  a  father  pitieth  his  chil 
dren,  so  the  LORD  pitieth  them  that 
fear  Him.  *  For  He  knoweth  our 
frame ; 


1  "He"  may  be  taken  for  the  "afflicted  man"  who  has  just  given  utterance  to  his 
hopes  of  a  brighter  future.  The  Hebrew,  (as  now  pointed,)  reads:  "  Pie  afflicted  in  the 
way  his  (my)  strength,  he  cut  short  my  days."  The  Alexandrian  translators,  using  an 
unpointed  text,  took  the  opening  word  of  the  clause  to  mean  "  he  answered  "  instead 
of  "he  afflicted"  as  they  might  easily  do,  the  letters  being  the  same  for  either  word. 
The  Hebrew  text  itself  is  not  quite  settled. 


SATURDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


161 


He  remembereth  that  we  are 
dust :  *  as  for  man,  his  days  are  as 
grass,  as  a  flower  of  the  field  so 
shall  he  flourish. 

For  the  wind  passeth  over  it,  and 
it  is  gone,  *  and  the  place  thereof 
shall  know  it  no  more. 

But  the  mercy  of  the  LORD  is 
from  everlasting  "  to  everlasting 
upon  them  that  fear  Him, 

And  His  righteousness  unto  chil 
dren's  children ;  *  to  such  as  keep 
His  covenant, 

And  to  those  that  remember  His 
commandments,  *  to  do  them. 

The  LORD  hath  prepared  His 
throne  in  heaven,  *  and  His  king 
dom  shall  rule  over  all. 

Bless  the  LORD,  all  ye  His 
Angels,  *  that  excel  in  strength, 
that  do  His  commandments,  to 
hearken  unto  the  voice  of  His 
word. 

Bless  ye  the  LORD,  all  ye  His 
hosts  :  *  ye  ministers  of  His  that 
do  His  pleasure. 

Bless  the  LORD,  all  His  works  : 
*  in  all  places  of  His  dominion ; 
bless  the  LORD,  O  my  soul ! 

Antiphon.  l  O  God,  let  my  cry 
come  unto  Thee. 

Fourth  Antiphon.  Bless  the 
LORD. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words,  "  O  my  soul." 

Psalm  CIII. 

[The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  ascribe  this 
Psalm  to  David.] 


BLESS  the  LORD,  O  my  soul :  * 
O   LORD  my  God,   Thou   art 
very  great ! 

Thou  art  clothed  with  honour  and 

i  ps    ci.  T>  2  So  is  this  passage  translated,  Heb. 

VOL.   III. 


majesty,  *  covering  Thyself  with 
light  as  with  a  garment ! 

Who  stretchest  out  the  heavens 
like  a  curtain,  *  Who  coverest  their 
upper  chambers  with  the  waters  ! 

Who  makest  the  clouds  Thy 
chariot,  *  Who  walkest  upon  the 
wings  of  the  wind  ! 

Who  makest  Thine  Angels  spi 
rits  :  *  and  Thy  ministers  a  flame 
of  fire  ! 2 

Who  layest  the  foundations  of  the 
earth  •  *  it  shall  not  be  removed  for 
ever  ! 

Thou  coveredst  it  with  the  deep 
as  with  a  garment,  *  the  waters 
stood  above  the  mountains. 

At  Thy  rebuke  they  fled  :  *  at 
the  voice  of  Thy  thunder  they  hasted 
fearfully  away. 

The  mountains  go  up,  and  the 
valleys  go  down,  *  into  the  place 
which  Thou  hast  founded  for  them. 

Thou  hast  set  a  bound,  that 
they  may  not  pass  over :  *  that 
they  turn  not  again  to  cover  the 
earth. 

Who  sendeth  springs  into  the 
valleys :  *  the  waters  run  among 
the  hills. 

All  the  beasts  of  the  field  drink 
thereof:  *  the  wild  asses  seek  them 
in  their  thirst. 

By  them  build  the  fowls  of  the 
heaven  their  habitation  ;  *  they  sing 
among  the  rocks. 

He  watereth  the  hills  from  His 
upper  chambers :  *  the  earth  is 
satisfied  with  the  fruit  of  Thy 
works. 

He  causeth  the  grass  to  grow  for 
the  cattle,  *  and  herb  for  the  service 
of  men  : 

That  Thou  mayest  bring  forth 
food  out  of  the  earth,  *  and  wine 


1 62 


THE   PSALTER. 


that    maketh    glad     the     heart    of 
man ; 

Oil  to  make  his  face  to  shine,  * 
and  bread  to  strengthen  man's 
heart. 

The   trees  of  the  field   are  filled 
[with  sap],  the  cedars  of  Lebanon 
also,    which    He    hath    planted : 
there  the  birds  make  their  nests. 

The  stork's  nest  is  the  highest 
among  them  :  *  the  high  hills  are  a 
refuge  for  the  wild  goats,  and  the 
rocks  for  the  conies. 

He  hath  appointed  the  moon  for 
seasons :  *  the  sun  knoweth  his 
going  down. 

Thou  makest  darkness,  and  it  is 
night :  *  wherein  all  the  beasts  of 
the  forest  do  come  forth. 

The  young  lions  roar  after  their 
prey,  *  and  seek  their  meat  from 
God. 

The  sun  ariseth,  and  they  gather 
themselves  together:  *  and  lay 
them  down  in  their  dens. 

Man  goeth  forth  unto  his   work, 

*  and  to  his  labour,  until  the  even 
ing. 

O  LORD,  how  manifold  are  Thy 
works !  *  in  wisdom  hast  Thou 
made  them  all :  the  earth  is  full  of 
Thy  riches. 

So   is    this   great   and   wide  sea : 

*  wherein   are   things   creeping    in 
numerable. 

Both  small  and  great  beasts  :  * 
there  go  the  ships; 

There  is  that  Leviathan  whom 
Thou  hast  made  to  play  with  him  : 

*  these   all    wait   upon    Thee,   that 
Thou  mayest  give  them  their  meat 
in   due  season. 

That  thou  givest  them,  they 
gather  :  *  when  Thou  openest  Thine 
hand,  they  are  all  filled  with  good. 


Thou  hidest  Thy  face,  they  are 
troubled :  *  Thou  takest  away  their 
breath,  they  die,  and  return  to  their 
dust. 

Thou  sendest  forth  Thy  spirit, 
and  they  are  created  :  *  and  Thou 
renewest  the  face  of  the  earth. 

Let  the  glory  of  the  LORD  endure 
for  ever  !  *  the  LORD  shall  rejoice  in 
His  works. 

He  looketh  on  the  earth  and 
maketh  it  to  tremble  :  *  He  touch- 
eth  the  mountains  and  they  smoke. 

I  will  sing  unto  the  LORD  as  long 
as  I  live  :  *  I  will  sing  praise  to  my 
God  while  I  have  my  being. 

My  meditation  of  Him  shall  be 
sweet :  *  I  will  be  glad  in  the 
LORD. 

Let  the  sinners  be  consumed  out 
of  the  earth,  and  let  the  wicked  be 
no  more  :  *  bless  thou  the  LORD,  O 
my  soul ! l 

Psalm  CIV. 

[The  first  fifteen  verses  of  this  Psalm 
are  found  in  a  slightly  different  edition  in 
I  Par.  (Chron.)  xvi.  as  the  first  part  of  a 
Psalm  given  by  David  to  Asaph  and  his 
brethren,  on  the  day  that  the  ark  was 
brought  to  Jerusalem.  The  rest  is  our 
present  Psalm  xcv.,  which  see  with  the 
notes,  p.  148.  The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX. 
prefix  "Alleluia."] 

OGIVE  thanks  unto  the  LORD, 
and  call  upon  His  name  :  * 
make  known  His  deeds  among  the 
heathen. 

Sing  unto  Him,  and  sing  psalms 
unto  Him :  *  talk  ye  of  all  His 
wondrous  works. 

Glory  ye  in  His  holy  name:  * 
let  the  heart  of  them  rejoice  that 
seek  the  LORD. 

Seek  the  LORD,  and  be  strong: 
*  seek  His  face  evermore. 


1  "Alleluia"  is  here  appended  in  the  Hebrew. 


SATURDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


I63 


Remember  His  marvellous  works 
that  He  hath  done:  *  His  won 
ders  and  the  judgments  of  his 
mouth. 

O  ye  seed  of  Abraham,  His  ser 
vant,  *  ye  children  of  Jacob  His 
chosen  ! 

He  is  the  LORD  our  God  :  *  His 
judgments  are  in  all  the  earth. 

He  hath  remembered  His  cove 
nant  for  ever,  *'r  the  word  which 
He  commanded  to  a  thousand  gen 
erations — 

[The  covenant]  that  He  made 
with  Abraham :  *  and  His  oath 
unto  Isaac. 

And  He  confirmed  the  same 
unto  Jacob  for  a  law,  *  and  to 
Israel  for  an  everlasting  covenant. 

Saying :  Unto  thee  will  I  give 
the  land  of  Canaan,  *  the  lot  of 
your  inheritance. 

When  they  were  but  a  few  men 
in  number,  *  very  few,  and  strangers 
in  it. 

And  they  went  from  one  nation 
to  another,  *  and  from  one  king 
dom  to  another  people. 

He  suffered  no  man  to  do  them 
wrong :  *  yea,  He  reproved  kings 
for  their  sakes. 

Touch  not  Mine  anointed,  *  and 
do  My  prophets  no  harm.1 

Moreover  He  called  for  a  famine 
upon  the  land :  *  and  brake  the 
whole  staff  of  bread. 

He  sent  a  man  before  them  :  * 
Joseph  was  sold  for  a  servant : 

Whose  feet  they  hurt  with  fetters, 
the  iron  entered  into  his  soul.  * 
Until  his  word  came, 

The  word  of  the  LORD  tried 
him  :  *  the  king  sent  and  loosed 
him ;  even  the  ruler  of  the  people, 
and  let  him  go  free. 

1   Here  ends  the  portion  found 


He  made  him  lord  of  his  house, 

*  and  ruler  of  all  his  substance. 

To  instruct  his  princes  at  his 
pleasure,  *  and  teach  his  elders 
wisdom. 

Israel  also  came  into  Egypt,  * 
and  Jacob  sojourned  in  the  land 
of  Ham. 

And  He  increased  His  people 
greatly :  *  and  made  them  stronger 
than  their  enemies. 

He  turned  their  heart  to  hate 
His  people,  *  and  to  deal  subtilly 
with  his  servants. 

He  sent  Moses  His  servant,  * 
and  Aaron  whom  He  had  chosen. 

He    showed    signs    among  them, 

*  and    wonders    in    the    land    of 
Ham. 

He  sent  darkness  and  made  it 
dark :  *  He  made  not  His  words, 
of  none  effect. 

He  turned  their  waters  into 
blood,  *  and  slew  their  fish. 

Their  land  brought  forth  frogs,  * 
in  the  chambers  of  their  kings'. 

He  spake,  and  there  came  divers 
sorts  of  flies,  *  and  lice  in  all  their 
coasts. 

He  gave  them  hail  for  rain,  * 
flaming  fire  in  their  land. 

He  smote  their  vines  also  and 
their  fig-trees,  *  and  brake  the  trees 
of  their  coasts. 

He  spake,  and  the  locust  came, 
and  the  caterpillar,  *  without 
number, 

And  ate  up  all  the  herb  in  their 
land,  *  and  devoured  all  the  fruit 
of  their  ground. 

He  smote  also  all  the  first-born 
in  their  land,  *  the  chief  of  all 
their  travail. 

He  brought  them  forth  also  with 
silver  and  gold :  *  and  there  was 
in  I  Par.  (Chron.)  xvi.  22. 


164 


THE   PSALTER. 


not  one  feeble  person  among  their 
tribes. 

Egypt  was  glad  when  they  de 
parted  :  *  for  the  fear  of  them  fell 
upon  them. 

He  spread  a  cloud  for  a  cover 
ing,  *  and  fire  to  give  light  in  the 
night. 

They  asked,  and  the  quail  came, 
*  and  He  satisfied  them  with  the 
bread  of  heaven. 

He  opened  the  rock  and  the 
waters  gushed  out,  *  the  rivers 
ran  through  the  dry  places. 

For    He    remembered    His    holy 


promise, 


that    He    made    unto 


Abraham  His  servant. 

And  He  brought  forth  His  people 
with  joy,  *  and  His  chosen  with 
gladness. 

And  gave  them  the  lands  of  the 
heathen,  *  and  they  inherited  the 
labour  of  the  peoples. 

That  they  might  observe  His 
statutes,  *  and  keep  His  laws. 

[Here  the  Hebrew  adds  "Alleluia."] 

Antiphon.  l  Bless  the  LORD,  O 
my  soul ! 

Fifth  Antiphon.     Visit  us. 

Psalm  CV. 
[Superscribed  "Alleluia."] 

OGIVE  thanks  unto  the  LORD, 
for  He   is   good :    *   for  His 
mercy  endureth  for  ever. 

Who  can  utter  the  mighty  acts 
of  the  LORD?  *  who  can  show 
forth  all  His  praise  ? 

Blessed  are  they  that  keep  judg 
ment,  *  and  they  that  do  righteous 
ness  at  all  times. 

Remember    us,    O    LORD,    with 

1  Ps. 


the  favour  that  Thou  showest  unto 
Thy  people :  *  O  visit  us  with 
Thy  salvation  : 

That  I  may  see  the  good  of  Thy 
chosen,  that  I  may  rejoice  in  the 
gladness  of  Thy  people,  *  that 
Thou  mayest  be  praised  in  Thine 
inheritance. 

We  have  sinned  with  our  fathers  : 

*  we  have  done  wickedly,  we  have 
committed  iniquity. 

Our  fathers  considered  not  Thy 
wonders  in  Egypt :  *  they  remem 
bered  not  the  multitude  of  Thy 
mercies, 

But  provoked  Him  when  they 
went  up  unto  the  sea,  *  even  the 
Red  Sea. 

Nevertheless  He  saved  them  for 
His  name's  sake,  *  that  He  might 
make  His  mighty  power  to  be 
known. 

He  rebuked  the  Red  Sea  also, 
and  it  was  dried  up :  *  and  He 
led  them  through  the  depths  as 
through  the  wilderness. 

And  He  saved  them  from  the 
hand  of  them  that  hated  them,  * 
and  redeemed  them  from  the  hand 
of  the  enemy. 

And  the  waters  covered  their 
enemies :  *  there  was  not  one  of 
them  left. 

And    they    believed    His    words : 

*  and  sang  His  praise. 

They  soon  forgot  His  works  :  * 
and  waited  not  for  His  counsel. 

And  lusted  exceedingly  in  the 
wilderness :  *  and  tempted  God 
in  the  desert. 

And  He  gave  them  their  request, 

*  and  sent  fulness  into  their  soul. 
They  provoked  Moses  also  in  the 

camp,  *  and  Aaron,  the  saint  of  the 
LORD. 
cii.  i. 


SATURDAY   AT   MATTINS. 


165 


The  earth  opened  and  swallowed 
up  Dathan,  *  and  covered  the  com 
pany  of  Abiram.1 

And  a  fire  was  kindled  in  their 
assembly,  .*  the  flame  burned  up 
the  wicked. 

2  They  made  a  calf  also  in 
Horeb,  and  worshipped  the 
graven  image. 

Thus  they  changed  their  Glory  * 
into  the  similitude  of  a  calf  that 
eateth  grass. 

They  forgat  God  their  Saviour, 
*  Who  had  done  great  things  in 
Egypt,  wondrous  works  in  the  land 
of  Ham,  terrible  things  by  the  Red 
Sea. 

Therefore  He  said  that  He  would 
cut  them  off,  *  had  not  Moses  His 
chosen  stood  before  Him  in  the 
breach, 

To  turn  away  His  wrath,  lest 
He  should  destroy  them :  *  yea, 
they  despised  the  pleasant  land ; 

They    believed    not    His    words : 
but    murmured    in    their    tents : 
they  hearkened  not  unto  the  voice 
of  the  LORD. 

He  also  lifted  up  His  hand 
against  them,  *  to  overthrow  them 
in  the  wilderness. 


To  overthrow  their  seed  also 
among  the  nations,  *  and  to  scat 
ter  them  in  the  lands. 

They  joined  themselves  also  unto 
Baal-peor,3  *  and  ate  the  sacrifices 
of  the  dead. 

And  they  provoked  Him  to 
anger  with  their  inventions  :  *  and 
the  carcasses  lay  thick  among 
them. 

Then  stood  up  Phinehas  and 
made  a  propitiation :  '  and  the 
plague  was  stayed. 

And  that  was  counted  unto  him 
for  righteousness,  *  unto  all  genera 
tions  for  evermore. 

They  angered  Him  also  at  the 
waters  of  "  Provocation," 4  so 
that  it  went  ill  with  Moses  for 
their  sakes ;  because  they  provoked 
his  spirit; 

So  that  he  spake  unadvisedly  with 
his  lips.5  *  They  did  not  destroy 
the  nations  concerning  whom  the 
LORD  commanded  them  : 6 

And    they   were    mingled   among 
the     heathen,     and     learned     their 
works,    and    served    their    idols :    ' 
and  it  became  a  snare  to  them. 

Yea,  they  sacrificed  their  sons 
*  and  their  daughters  unto  devils. 


1  Numbers  xvi.      They  tried  to  stir  up  a  rebellion  against  Moses   and   Aaron,   upon 
levelling  principles,  "and  the  earth  opened  her  mouth  and  swallowed  them  up,     while 
some  of  their  partizans  were  consumed  by  a  fire  which  issued  from  the  sanctuary. 

2  For  the  well-known  history  of  the  golden  calf,  see  Exod.  xxxii. 

3  I  e     "the  Lord  of  Mount  Peor,"  an  idol  of  the  Moabites.     The  whole  history  of  this 
lapse'  of  the    Israelites,   and   how  Phinehas  stopped  the  plague   by  killing  one  pair   of 
the    transgressors,    is   in    Numbers   xxv.    "And   the   LORD   spake   unto    Moses    saying  : 
Phinehas,    the   son   of  Eleazar,    the   son   of  Aaron   the   Priest,    hath   turned   My   wrath 
away  from   the    children    of    Israel.    .    .    .    Behold,   I    give    unto   him   My  covenant  of 
peace  ;  and  he  shall  have  it,  and  his  seed  after  him,  even  the  covenant  of  an  ever! 
Priesthood.  " 

fee.O°te°nAnd  Soses^  3>.  said  unto  them:    Hear  now,  ye  rebe.s    must 
you  wate°  out  of  this  rock?"  v.  12.      "And  the  LORD  spake  ""to   Moses 


Tn  Jhud™es  i.  2i  to  the  end,  is  a  long  list  of  the  districts  of  idolaters  whom  they  left  in 
Canaan  and  among  whom  they  lived. 


1 66 


THE   PSALTER. 


And  shed  innocent  blood,  *  even 
the  blood  of  their  sons  and  of  their 
daughters,  whom  they  sacrificed  unto 
the  idols  of  Chanaan  : 

And  the  land  was  polluted  with 
blood.  They  were  defiled  also 
with  their  own  works,  *  and  went 
a  whoring  with  their  own  inven 
tions. 

Therefore  was  the  wrath  of  the 
LORD  kindled  against  His  people, 

*  and   He    abhorred   His    own    in 
heritance. 

And  He  gave  them  into  the  hand 
of  the  heathen :  *  and  they  that 
hated  them  ruled  over  them. 

Their  enemies  also  oppressed 
them,  and  they  were  brought  into 
subjection  under  their  hand.  * 
Many  times  did  He  deliver  them, 

But  they  provoked  Him  with 
their  counsel,  *  and  they  were 
brought  low  for  their  iniquity. 

But  He  regarded  their  affliction, 

*  and  heard  their  cry. 

And  He  remembered  His  cove 
nant,  *  and  repented  according  to 
the  multitude  of  His  mercies. 

He  made  them  also  to  be  pitied 

*  of  all    those    that    carried    them 
captives. 

Save  us,  O  LORD  our  God,  * 
and  gather  us  from  among  the 
nations  ! 

To  give  thanks  unto  Thy  holy 
Name,  *  and  to  triumph  in  Thy 
praise. 

Blessed  be  the  LORD  God  of 
Israel  from  everlasting  to  everlast 
ing  :  *  and  let  all  the  people  say  : 
Amen,  Amen. 

[The  Hebrew  adds  "Alleluia,"  which 
the  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  prefix  to 
the  next  Psalm.  Here  ends  the  fourth 
of  the  five  books  into  which  the  Psalter 
is  divided.] 


Psalm  CVI. 

GIVE  thanks  unto  the  LORD, 
for  He  is  good  :  *  for  His 
mercy  endureth  for  ever. 

Let  the  redeemed  of  the  LORD 
say  so,  whom  He  hath  redeemed 
from  the  hand  of  the  enemy :  * 
and  gathered  them  out  of  the 
lands, 

From  the  rising  of  the  sun  and 
from  the  setting  thereof,  *  from 
the  north  and  from  the  south. 

They  wandered  in  the  wilderness 
in  a  dry  land :  *  they  found  no 
pathway  to  a  city  to  dwell  in : 

Hungry  and  thirsty,  *  their  soul 
fainted  in  them. 

Then  they  cried  unto  the  LORD 
in  their  trouble;  *  and  He  de 
livered  them  out  of  their  distresses. 

And  He  led  them  forth  by  the 
right  way,  *  that  they  might  go 
to  a  city  to  dwell  in. 

O  that  men  would  praise  the 
LORD  for  His  goodness  :  *  and  for 
His  wonderful  works  to  the  children 
of  men  ! 

For  He  satisfieth  the  longing 
soul :  *  and  filleth  the  hungry  soul 
with  goodness. 

Such  as  sit  in  darkness  and  in 
the  shadow  of  death,  *  being  bound 
in  affliction  and  iron. 

Because  they  rebelled  against  the 
words  of  God,  *  and  contemned  the 
counsel  of  the  Most  High. 

Therefore  their  heart  was  brought 
down  with  labour  :  *  they  fell  down, 
and  there  was  none  to  help. 

Then  they  cried  unto  the  LORD 
in  their  trouble :  *  and  He  de 
livered  them  out  of  their  distresses. 

And  He  brought  them  out  of 
darkness  and  the  shadow  of  death  : 
*  and  brake  their  bands  in  sunder. 


SATURDAY   AT    MATTINS. 


I67 


'O  that  men  would  praise  the 
LORD  for  His  goodness :  *  and 
for  His  wonderful  works  to  the 
children  of  men  ! 

For  He  hath  broken  the  gates 
of  brass,  *  and  cut  the  bars  of  iron 
in  sunder. 

He  saved  them  from  the  way 
of  their  transgression :  *  for  they 
were  afflicted  because  of  their  in 
iquities. 

Their  soul  abhorred  all  manner 
of  meat :  *  and  they  drew  near  even 
unto  the  gates  of  death. 

Then  they  cried  unto  the  LORD 
in  their  trouble :  *  and  He  de 
livered  them  out  of  their  dis 
tresses. 

He  sent  His  word  and  healed 
them,  *  and  delivered  them  from 
their  straits. 

O  that  men  would  praise  the 
LORD  for  His  goodness  :  *  and  for 
His  wonderful  works  to  the  children 
of  men  ! 

Yea,  let  them  sacrifice  the  sacri 
fice  of  thanksgiving,  *  and  declare 
His  works  with  rejoicing. 

They  that  go  down  to  the  sea 
in  ships,  *  and  do  business  in  great 
waters ; 

These  see  the  works  of  the  LORD, 

*  and  His  wonders  in  the  deep. 

He  commandeth,  and  the  stormy 
wind  riseth,  *  and  the  waves  thereof 
are  lifted  up. 

They  mount  up  to  the  heaven, 
and  go  down  again  to  the  depths  : 

*  their   soul   is   melted   because  of 
trouble. 

They  reel  to  and  fro,  and  stagger 
like  a  drunken  man,  *  and  are  at 
their  wits'  end. 

Then  they  cry  unto  the  LORD 
in  their  trouble,  *  and  He  delivereth 
them  out  of  their  distresses. 


And  He  maketh  the  storm  a 
calm,  *  and  the  waves  thereof  are 
still. 

And  they  are  glad  because  [the 
breakers]  be  quiet  :  *  so  He 
bringeth  them  unto  their  desired 
haven. 

O  that  men  would  praise  the 
LORD  for  His  goodness :  *  and  for 
His  wonderful  works  to  the  children 
of  men  ! 

Let  them  exalt  Him  also  in  the 
congregation  of  the  people,  *  and 
praise  Him  in  the  assembly  of  the 
elders. 

He  turneth  the  rivers  into  a 
wilderness,  *  and  the  water-springs 
into  dry  ground ; 

A  fruitful  land  into  a  salt  desert, 
*  for  the  wickedness  of  them  that 
dwell  therein. 

He  turneth  the  wilderness  into  a 
standing-water,  *  and  dry  ground 
into  water-springs. 

And  there  He  maketh  the  hungry 
to  abide,  *  and  they  prepare  a  city 
to  dwell  in  : 

And  sow  the  fields,  and  plant 
vineyards,  *  and  bring  forth  fruits 
of  increase. 

He  blesseth  them  also,  and  they 
are  multiplied  greatly:  *  and  He 
suffereth  not  their  cattle  to  decrease. 

Again  they  are  minished,  *  and 
brought  low,  through  oppression, 
affliction,  and  sorrow. 

He  poureth  contempt  upon  prin 
ces,  *  and  He  causeth  them  to 
wander  in  the  wilderness,  and  in 
the  land  where  there  is  no  way. 

Yet  helpeth  He  the  poor  from 
affliction,  *  and  maketh  him  fami 
lies  like  a  flock. 

The  righteous  shall  see  it  and 
rejoice  :  *  and  all  iniquity  shall  stop 
her  mouth. 


i68 


THE    PSALTER. 


Who  is  wise,  and  will  observe 
these  things  ?  *  even  he  shall  un 
derstand  the  loving-kindness  of  the 
LORD. 

Antiphon.  1  Visit  us  with  Thy 
salvation,  O  LORD. 

Sixth  Antiphon.  I  will  greatly 
praise. 

Psalm  CVII. 

[Intituled  "A  Song.  A  Psalm  of  David." 
It  is  a  compilation  of  Ps.  Ivi.  8-12,  and 
Ps.  lix.  6-14.] 

A /TINE  heart  is  ready,  O  God, 
•L»A  mine  heart  is  ready:  *  I 
will  sing  and  give  praise,  even  with 
my  glory. 

Awake  up,  my  glory,  awake, 
psaltery  and  harp  !  *  I  will  awake 
right  early. 

I  will  praise  Thee,  O  LORD, 
among  the  people  :  *  and  sing  unto 
Thee  among  the  nations. 

For  Thy  mercy  is  great  above  the 
heavens  :  *  and  Thy  truth  unto  the 
clouds. 

Be  Thou  exalted,  O  God, 
above  the  heavens,  and  let  Thy 
glory  be  above  all  the  earth :  * 
2  that  Thy  beloved  may  be  de 
livered  : 

Save  with  Thy  right  hand  and 
hear  me.  *  God  hath  spoken  in 
His  holiness : 

I  will  rejoice,  and  divide  She- 
chem,  *  and  mete  out  the  valley  of 
booths. 

Gilead  is  mine ;  and  Manasseh 
is  mine :  *  Ephraim  also  is  the 
strength  of  mine  head : 

Judah  is  my  King :  *  Moab  is 
the  vessel  [of  the  triumph]  of  mine 
hope. 


Over  Edom  will  I  cast  out  my 
shoe  :  *  over  the  "  Strangers  "  have 
I  triumphed. 

Who  will  bring  me  into  the  strong 
city  ?  *  who  will  lead  me  into 
Edom  ? 

Wilt  not  Thou,  O  God,  Who 
hast  cast  us  off?  *  and  wilt  not 
Thou  go  forth  with  our  armies, 
O  God? 

Give  us  help  from  trouble :  *  for 
vain  is  the  help  of  man. 

Through  God  we  shall  do  val 
iantly  :  *  and  He  it  is  That  shall 
tread  down  our  enemies. 


Psalm  CVIII. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David,"  with  a 
superscription,  probably  musical,  but  now 
uncertain.] 

T_T  OLD  not  Thy  peace,  O  God 
-*-  ^  of  my  praise :  *  for  the 
mouth  of  the  wicked,  and  the 
mouth  of  the  deceitful  are  opened 
against  me  : 

They  have  spoken  against  me 
with  a  lying  tongue :  they  com 
passed  me  about  also  with  words  of 
hatred :  *  and  fought  against  me 
without  a  cause. 

In  return  for  my  love  they  were 
mine  adversaries :  *  but  I  gave 
myself  unto  prayer. 

And  they  have  rewarded  me  evil 
for  good,  *  and  hatred  for  my  love. 

Set  Thou  a  wicked  man  over 
him  :  *  and  let  the  devil  stand  at 
his  right  hand. 

When  he  is  judged,  let  him  go 
forth  condemned :  *  and  let  his 
prayer  become  sin. 

Let  his  days  be  few ;  *  and  let 
another  take  his  office. 


1  Ps.  cv.  4. 

2  Here  begins  the  extract  from  Ps.  lix.     See  that  Psalm  and  notes  on  it,  p.  112. 


SATURDAY   AT    MATTINS. 


169 


Let  his  children  be  fatherless,  * 
and  his  wife  a  widow. 

Let  his  children  be  continually 
vagabonds,  and  beg :  *  and  let 
them  be  driven  out  of  their  dwell 
ings. 

Let  the  extortioner  catch  all  that 
he  hath  :  *  and  let  the  stranger  spoil 
his  labour. 

Let  there  be  none  to  extend 
mercy  unto  him  :  *  and  let  there 
be  none  to  have  pity  on  his  little 
ones. 

Let  his  posterity  be  cut  off:  *  in 
one  generation  let  their  name  be 
blotted  out. 

Let  the  iniquity  of  his  fathers  be 
remembered   before   the    LORD  : 
and  let  not  the  sin  of  his  mother  be 
blotted  out. 

Let  them  be  before  the  LORD 
continually,  and  let  their  memory 
be  cut  off  from  the  earth.  *  Be 
cause  that  he  remembered  not  to 
show  mercy, 

But  persecuted  the  poor  and 
needy  man,  *  and  the  broken  in 
heart,  that  he  might  slay  him. 

As  he  loved  cursing,  so  let  it 
come  unto  him  :  *  as  he  delighted 
not  in  blessing,  so  let  it  be  far 
from  him  : 

As  he  clothed  himself  with  curs 
ing,  like  as  with  a  garment,  *  so 
let  it  come  into  his  bowels  like 
water,  and  like  oil  into  his  bones. 

Let  it  be  unto  him  as  the  gar 
ment  which  covereth  him,  *  and 
for  a  girdle  wherewith  he  may  be 
girded  continually. 

Let  this  be  the  reward  of  mine 
adversaries  from  the  LORD  :  *  and 
of  them  that  speak  evil  against  my 
soul. 

And  do  Thou  for  me,   O  LORD, 

1  Ps. 
VOL.   III. 


for    Thy  name's    sake,    O   Lord,    * 
because  Thy  mercy  is  good. 

Deliver  Thou  me,  for  I  am 
poor  and  needy :  *  and  mine  heart 
is  wounded  within  me. 

I  am  gone  like  the  shadow  when 
it  declineth :  *  and  tossed  up  and 
down  as  the  locust. 

My  knees  are  weak  through 
fasting :  *  and  my  flesh  faileth 
of  fatness. 

I  became  also  a  reproach  unto 
them :  *  they  looked  upon  me, 
and  shaked  their  heads. 

Help  me,  O  LORD  my  God  !  * 
O  save  me  according  to  Thy 
mercy. 

That  they  also  may  know  that 
this  is  Thine  hand  :  *  and  Thou, 
LORD,  hast  done  it ! 

Let  them  curse,  but  bless  Thou : 
*  when  they  arise  against  me  let 
them  be  ashamed :  but  let  Thy 
servant  rejoice. 

Let  mine  adversaries  be  clothed 
with  shame :  *  and  let  them  be 
covered  with  their  own  confusion 
as  with  a  mantle. 

I  will  greatly  praise  the  LORD 
with  my  mouth :  *  yea,  I  will 
praise  Him  among  the  multitude. 

For  He  standeth  at  the  right 
hand  of  the  poor,  *  to  save  my 
soul  from  them  that  persecute  me. 

Antiphon.  ll  will  greatly  praise 
the  LORD  with  my  mouth. 

Antiphon  in  Paschal  time.  Al 
leluia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Then  is  said  a  Verse  and  Answer. 

In  Advent. 

Verse.  The  LORD  cometh  out  of 
His  holy  place. 

cviii.  30. 

F  2 


THE    PSALTER. 


Answer.  He  will  come  and  save 
His  people. 

During  the  rest  of  the  year. 

Verse.  l  Hear  my  prayer,  O 
LORD. 

Answer.  And  let  my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 

In  Lent. 

Verse.  His  truth  shall  be  thy 
shield. 

Answer.  Thou  shalt  not  be 
afraid  for  the  terror  by  night. 

In  Passion  time. 

Verse.  Take  not  away  my  soul 
with  sinners,  O  God. 


Answer.  Nor  my  life  with  bloody 
men. 

In  Paschal  time. 

Verse.  The  disciples  were  glad, 
Alleluia. 

Answer.  When  they  saw  the  Lord, 
Alleluia. 

The  rest  is  the  same  as  the  Third 
Nocturn  of  the  preceding  Sunday,  ex 
cept  necessary  differences.  The  Lessons 
are  those  of  the  day.  The  Responsories 
are  arranged  according  to  the  rules  in 
Chapter  xxvii.  4,  5,  of  the  General 
Rubrics. 

No  Festal  Office  can  occur,  except 
that  of  the  Immaculate  Conception  of 
the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary. 


Ps.  ci.  2. 


at 

THE    SABBATH. 


All  as  on  Sunday,  except  as  otherwise 
given  here. 

The  Psalms  are  as  follows: 
Antiphon.      Do  good. 

Psalm  L. 

Have  mercy  upon  me,  &c.,  (/. 
87). 

Antiphon.  Do  good,  O  Lord,  in 
Thy  good  pleasure. 

Second  Antiphon.  It  is  a  good 
thing. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words,  "To  give 
thanks." 

Psalm  XCI. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm.  A  Song  for  the 
Sabbath  Day."] 

TT  is  a  good  thing  to  give  thanks 
•^  unto  the  LORD,  *  and  to  sing 
praises  unto  Thy  name,  O  Most 
High! 

To  show  forth  Thy  loving-kind 
ness  in  the  morning,  *  and  Thy 
faithfulness  in  the  night; 

Upon  an  instrument  of  ten 
strings :  *  upon  the  harp  with  a 
solemn  sound. 

For  Thou,  LORD,  hast  made  me 


glad  through  Thy  work  :  *  and  I 
will  triumph  in  the  works  of  Thine 
hands. 

O  LORD,  how  great  are  Thy 
works !  *  Thy  thoughts  are  very 
deep. 

A  brutish  man  knoweth  not :  * 
neither  doth  a  fool  understand  this. 

When  the  wicked  spring  up  like 
grass  :  *  and  when  all  the  workers 
of  iniquity  are  seen, 

It  is  that  they  may  be  destroyed 
for  ever:  *  but  Thou,  LORD,  art 
Most  High  for  evermore. 

For,  lo,  Thine  enemies,  O  LORD, 
for,  lo,  Thine  enemies  shall  perish  : 
*  and  all  the  workers  of  iniquity 
shall  be  scattered. 

But  mine  horn  shall  be  exalted 
like  the  horn  of  an  unicorn  :  *  and 
mine  old  age  shall  be  crowned  with 
Thy  mercy.1 

Mine  eye  also  shall  look  upon 
mine  enemies  :  *  and  mine  ear  shall 
hear  of  the  wicked  that  rise  up 
against  me. 

The  righteous  shall  flourish  like 
the  palm  tree :  *  he  shall  grow  like 
a  cedar  in  Lebanon. 

Those  that  are  planted  in  the 
house  of  the  LORD,  *  in  the  courts 
of  the  house  of  our  God  shall 
flourish. 


1  Hebrew  :  "  I  am  anointed  with  fresh  oil." 


172 


THE    PSALTER. 


They  shall  still  bring  forth  fruit 
in  old  age :  *  they  shall  flourish, 
to  declare  :— 

That  the  LORD  our  God  is  up 
right  :  *  and  that  there  is  no  un 
righteousness  in  Him. 

Antiphon.  It  is  a  good  thing  to 
give  thanks  unto  the  LORD. 

Third  Antiphon.  Let  all  the 
ends. 

Psalms  LXIL,  LXVI. 

O  God,  Thou  art  my  God,  &c., 
(/•  23). 

Antiphon.  Let  all  the  ends  of 
the  earth  fear  the  Lord. 

Fourth  Antiphon.  Ascribe  ye 
greatness. 

THE  SONG  OF  MOSES.     (Deut.  xxxii.) 

[Deut.  xxxi.  28:  "Gather  unto  me," 
(said  Moses)  "all  the  elders  of  your  tribes, 
and  your  officers,  that  I  may  speak  these 
words  in  their  ears,  and  call  heaven  and 
earth  to  record  against  them.  For  I  know 
that  after  my  death  ye  will  utterly  corrupt 
yourselves  and  turn  aside  from  the  way 
which  I  have  commanded  you  ;  and  evil 
will  befall  you  in  the  latter  days  ;  because 
ye  will  do  evil  in  the  sight  of  the  LORD,  to 
provoke  Him  to  anger  through  the  work  of 
your  hands.  And  Moses  spake  in  the  ears 
of  all  the  congregation  of  Israel  the  words 
of  this  song,  until  they  were  ended  : — "] 

GIVE  ear,  O  ye  heavens,  and  I 
will  speak ;  *  and  hear,  O 
earth,  the  words  of  my  mouth. 

My  teaching  shall  drop  as  the 
rain,  *  my  speech  shall  distil  as  the 
dew; 

As  the  small  rain  upon  the 
tender  herb,  and  as  the  showers 
upon  the  grass :  *  because  I  will 
proclaim  the  name  of  the  LORD. 

Ascribe  ye  greatness  unto  our 
God.  *  The  works  of  God  are 


perfect :  and  all  His  ways  are  judg 
ment  : 

A  God  of  truth,  and  without 
iniquity,  just  and  right  is  He.  * 
They  have  sinned  against  Him, 
and  by  their  defilement  they  are 
not  His  children  : 

They  are  a  perverse  and  crooked 
generation.  *  Do  ye  thus  requite 
the'  LORD,  O  foolish  people  and 
unwise  ? 

Is  not  He  thy  Father?  *  That 
hath  bought  thee,  and  made  thee, 
and  created  thee  ? 

Remember  the  days  of  old,  * 
consider  generation  after  genera 
tion  : 

Ask  thy  father,  and  he  will  show 
thee —  *  thine  elders,  and  they  will 
tell  thee. 

When  the  Most  High  divided 
the  nations,  *  when  He  separated 
the  sons  of  Adam, 

He  set  the  bounds  of  the  people 

*  according  to  the  number  of  the 
children  of  Israel. 

For  the  LORD'S  portion  is  His 
people  :  *  Jacob  is  the  lot  of  his 
inheritance. 

He  found  him  in  a  desert  land, 

*  in  the  waste  and  howling  wilder 
ness  : 

He  led  him  about  and  instructed 
him,  *  and  kept  him  as  the  apple 
of  His  eye. 

As  the  eagle  that  stirreth  up  her 
young  to  fly,  *  and  fluttereth  over 
them, 

So  spread  He  abroad  His  wings, 
and  took  him,  *  and  bore  him  on 
His  pinions ; 

The  LORD  alone  did  lead  him, 

*  and    there   was    no    strange    god 
with  him. 

He  made  him  ride  upon  the 
high  places  of  the  earth,  *  that 


SATURDAY   AT   LAUDS. 


173 


he  might  eat  the  increase  of  the 
fields  : 

And  He  made  him  to  suck 
honey  out  of  the  rock,  *  and  oil 
out  of  the  flinty  rock  : 

Butter  of  kine,  and  milk  of 
sheep,  *  with  fat  of  lambs  and 
rams  of  the  breed  of  Bashan  : 

And  goats,  with  the  fat  of  wheat, 

*  and  to  drink  the  pure  blood   of 
the  grape. 

The  "Beloved"1  waxed  fat,  and 
kicked :  *  he  was  waxen  fat,  he 
was  grown  plump,  he  was  covered 
with  fatness : 

He  forsook  God  That  made  him, 

*  and  departed  from    the  God   of 
his  salvation. 

They  provoked  Him  to  jealousy 
with  strange  gods,  *  and  with 
abominations  provoked  they  Him 
to  anger. 

They  sacrificed  unto  devils,  and 
to  things  that  were  no  gods,  *  to 
gods  whom  they  knew  not, 

New  gods   that  came  newly  up, 

*  whom  their  fathers  feared  not. 
The   God  That   begat   thee   hast 

thou  forsaken,  *  and  hast  forgotten 
God  That  formed  thee. 

When  the  LORD  saw  it,  He  was 
roused  to  anger,  *  because  of  the 
provoking  of  His  sons  and  of  His 
daughters. 

And  He  said :  I  will  hide  My 
face  from  them,  *  and  see  what 
their  end  shall  be  : 

For  they  are  a  very  froward 
generation,  *  children  in  whom  is 
no  faith. 

They  have  moved  Me  to  jealousy 
with  that  which  is  not  God,  *  and 
provoked  Me  to  anger  with  their 
vanities : 


And  I  will  move  them  to  jealousy 
with  those  who  are  not  a  people, 

*  and  provoke  them  to  anger  with 
a  foolish  nation. 

A  fire  is  kindled  in  Mine  anger, 

*  and   shall   burn   unto   the   lowest 
hell, 

And  shall  consume  the  earth  with 
her  increasej  *  and  set  on  fire  the 
foundations  of  the  mountains. 

I  will  heap  mischiefs  upon  them, 

*  and  will  spend  Mine  arrows  upon 
them. 

They  shall  be  wasted  with  hun 
ger,  *  and  the  birds  of  the  air 
shall  prey  on  them  with  a  very 
grievous  devouring : 

I  will  send  the  teeth  of  beasts 
upon  them,  *  with  the  poison  of 
serpents  creeping  in  the  dust. 

The  sword  without  and  terror 
within  shall  destroy  *  both  the 
young  man  and  the  virgin,  the 
suckling  with  the  man  of  grey 
hairs. 

I  said :  Where  are  they  ?  *  I 
will  make  the  remembrance  of 
them  to  cease  among  men  : 

But  I  forbore  because  of  the 
wrath  of  the  enemy,  *  lest  their 
adversaries  should  triumph, 

And  lest  they  should  say :  Our 
high  hand,  and  not  the  LORD,  * 
hath  done  all  this. 

They  are  a  nation  void  of  coun 
sel,  neither  is  there  any  under 
standing  in  them.  *  O  that  they 
were  wise,  and  that  they  understood 
this,  and  would  consider  their  latter 
end! 

How  should  one  chase  a  thou 
sand,  *  and  two  put  ten  thousand 
to  flight ! 

Except  their  God  had  sold  them, 


1  Jeshurun  — but  that  this  pet-name  of  the  Israelite  people  means   "Beloved"  is  not 
now  reckoned  certain. 


174 


THE   PSALTER. 


*  and  the  LORD  had  delivered  them 
up  ! 

For  their  gods  are  not  as  our 
God,  '•*  even  our  enemies  them 
selves  being  judges. 

Their  vine  is  of  the  vine  of 
Sodom,  *  and  of  the  fields  of  Go 
morrah  : 

Their  grapes   are  grapes   of  gall, 

*  and  their  clusters  are  bitter : 
Their    wine     is    the    poison    of 

dragons,  *  and  the  cruel  venom  of 
asps. 

Is  not  this  laid  up  in  store  with 
Me,  *  and  sealed  up  among  My 
treasures  ? 

To  Me  belongeth  vengeance, 
and  I  will  repay  in  due  time,  *  to 
make  their  foot  to  slide. 

The  day  of  their  calamity  is  at 
hand,  *  and  the  things  that  shall 
come  upon  them  make  haste. 

The  LORD  shall  judge  His  people, 

*  and  take  pity  on  His  servants, 
When    He  seeth  that  their  hand 

is  weakened,  *  and  there  is  none 
shut  up  and  left,  and  that  they 
that  remained  are  consumed. 

And  He  shall  say :  Where  are 
their  gods,  *  in  whom  they  trusted  ? 

Of  whose  sacrifices  they  did  eat 
the  fat,  *  and  drank  the  wine  of 
their  drink-offerings? 

Let  them  rise  up,  and  help  you, 

*  and   be    your    protection    in   the 
time  of  need. 

See  now  that  I,  even  I,  am 
He,  *  and  there  is  no  god  with 
Me: 

I  kill,  and  I  make  alive  :  I  wound 
and  I  heal :  *  neither  is  there  any 
that  can  deliver  out  of  Mine  hand. 

I  will  lift  up  Mine  hand  to 
heaven,  and  say  :  *  I  live  for  ever. 


If  I  whet  My  glittering  sword, 
t  and  Mine  hand  take  hold  on 
judgment ; 

I  will  render  vengeance  to  Mine 
enemies,  *  and  will  requite  them 
that  hate  Me. 

I  will  make  Mine  arrows  drunk 
with  blood,  *  and  My  sword  shall 
devour  flesh; 

With  the  blood  of  the  slain  *  and 
of  the  captives,  and  of  the  despoiled 
chief  of  the  enemy. 

Rejoice  with  His  people,  ye 
nations  :  *  for  He  will  avenge  the 
blood  of  His  servants, 

And  will  render  vengeance  to 
their  adversaries,  *  and  will  be 
merciful  unto  the  land  of  His 
people. 

Antiphon.  Ascribe  ye  greatness 
unto  our  God. 

Fifth  Antiphon.     Praise  God. 

Psalms  CXLVIII.,  CXLIX.,  CL. 

Praise  ye  the  LORD  from  the 
heavens,  &c.,  (pp.  25,  26). 

Antiphon.  Praise  God  upon  the 
loud  cymbals. 

CHAPTER.     (Rom.  xiii.  12.) 

The  night  is  far  spent,  &c.,  (as 
on  Monday,  p.  89). 

HYMN.1 

/T*HE  dawn  is  sprinkled  o'er  the  sky, 
•*•       The  day  steals  softly  on  ; 
Its  darts  are  scattered  far  and  nigh, 
And  all  that  fraudful  is,  shall  fly 

Before  the  brightening  sun  ; 
Spectres  of  ill,  that  stalk  at  will, 

And  forms  of  guilt  that  fright, 
And  hideous  sin,  that  ventures  in 

Under  the  cloak  of  night. 


1  Hymn  of  the  Ambrosian  school,  considerably  altered  ;  translation  by  the  late  Card. 
Newman. 


SATURDAY   AT   LAUDS. 


175 


And  of  our  crimes  the  tale  complete, 

Which  bows  us  in  Thy  sight, 
Up  to  the  latest,  they  shall  fleet, 
Out-told  by  our  full  numbers  sweet, 

And  melted  by  the  light. 
To  Father,  Son,  and  Spirit,  One, 

Whom  we  adore  and  love, 
Be  given  all  praise,  now  and  always, 

Here  as  in  Heaven  above. 

Amen. 

Verse.       Thou    hast    satisfied    us 
early  with  Thy  mercy. 


Ansiver.    We  rejoice  and  are  glad. 

Antiphon  for  the  Song  of  Zacha- 
rias.  Give  light,  O  Lord,  *  unto 
them  that  sit  in  darkness,  and  guide 
our  feet  into  the  way  of  peace,  O 
Thou  God  of  Israel ! 

Commemoration  of  the  Cross  before 
the  others,  and  Long  Preces  in  Ad 
vent  and  Lent,  and  on  Fast-days, 
except  the  Eves  of  Christmas  and 
Pentecost. 


VESPERS,    OR    EVENSONG.1 


StmtJag. 

THE  LORD'S  DAY. 


As  it  was  in  the  beginning,  is  now, 
and  ever  shall  be,  world  without  end. 
Amen.  Alleluia. 


At  the  beginning  of  Vespers  the 
Lord's  Prayer  and  the  Angelic  Salu 
tation  are  said  inaudibly. 

OUR  Father,  Who  art  in  heaven, 
Hallowed  be  Thy  Name. 
Thy  kingdom  come.  Thy  will  be 
done  on  earth,  as  it  is  in  heaven. 
Give  us  this  day  our  daily  bread. 
And  forgive  us  our  trespasses,  as 
we  forgive  them  that  trespass  against 
us.  And  lead  us  not  into  tempta 
tion  ;  but  deliver  us  from  evil. 
Amen. 

IT  AIL,  Mary,  full  of  grace;  The 

•^  •*•  Lord  is  with  thee :  blessed 
art  thou  among  women,  and  blessed 
is  the  fruit  of  thy  womb,  JESUS. 

Holy  Mary,  Mother  of  God,  pray 
for  us  sinners,  now,  and  at  the  hour 
of  our  death.  Amen. 

Then  is  said  aloud: 

Verse.  *J<  Make  haste,  O  God, 
to  deliver  me. 

Answer.  Make  haste  to  help 
me,  O  LORD. 

Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and  to 
the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost.  mies. 

1  The  proper  hour  for  Vespers  is  sunset,  reckoned  to  be  about  6  P.M. 
recitation,  they  ought  not  usually  to  be  begun  before  noon. 


From  Septuagesima  Sunday  to 
Maundy  Thursday  instead  of  "Alle 
luia"  is  said: 

Ceaseless  praise  to  Thee  be  given, 
O  Eternal  King  of  heaven. 

Then  follow  the  Psalms.  They  are 
said  under  Five  Antiphons,  except  in 
Paschal  time  when  there  is  only  one, 
and  when  these  are  not  specially  given, 
those  given  here  are  used. 

Antiphon.     The  LORD  said. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words  "  Unto  my 
Lord." 

Antiphon  for  Paschal  time.  Al 
leluia. 

Psalm  CIX. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David."  The 
first  verse  was  quoted  by  our  Lord. — Matth. 
xxii.  44  ;  Mark  xii.  36  ;  Luke  xx.  42.] 

HPHE  LORD  said  unto  my  Lord  : 
A  *  Sit  Thou  at  My  right  hand, 

Until  I  make  Thine  enemies  * 
Thy  footstool. 

The  LORD  shall  send  the  rod  of 
Thy  strength  out  of  Zion  :  *  rule 
Thou  in  the  midst  of  Thine  ene- 


In  private 


VESPERS,   OR   EVENSONG. 


177 


Thine  shall  be  the  dominion  in 
the  day  of  Thy  power,  amid  the 
brightness  of  the  saints  :  *  from  the 
womb,  before  the  day-star  have  I 
begotten  Thee. 

The  LORD  hath  sworn,  and  will 
not  repent :  *  Thou  art  a  Priest  for 
ever  after  the  order  of  Melchisedek. 

The  Lord  at  Thy  right  hand  * 
shall  strike  through  kings  in  the 
day  of  His  wrath. 

He  shall  judge  among  the  hea 
then,  He  shall  fill  the  places  with 
dead  bodies  :  *  He  shall  wound  the 
heads  over  many  countries. 

He  shall  drink  of  the  brook  in 
the  way:  *  therefore  shall  he  lift 
up  his  head. 

Antiphon,  The  LORD  said  unto 
my  Lord  :  *  Sit  Thou  at  My  right 
hand. 

Second  Antiphon.  All  His  com 
mandments. 

Psalm  CX. 

[The  Hebrew  prefixes  "Alleluia,"  and 
begins,  "  I  will  praise  the  LORD."  The 
Psalm  is  A  B  C  Darian.] 

T  WILL  praise  Thee,  O  LORD, 
-*-  with  my  whole  heart :  *  in  the 
assembly  of  the  upright,  and  in  the 
congregation. 

The  works  of  the  LORD  are  great, 
*  meet  to  serve  for  the  doing  of 
His  will. 

His  work  is  honourable  and  glo 
rious,  *  and  His  righteousness  en- 
dureth  for  ever. 

He    hath    made    a    memorial    of 

His    wonderful    works :    the    LORD 

is  gracious  and  full  of  compassion. 

'   He   hath   given  meat  unto  them 

that  fear  Him  : 

He  will  ever   be  mindful  of  His 

1  Ps.  c 


covenant.  He  will  show  His 

people  the  power  of  His  works, 

That  He  may  give  them  the 
heritage  of  the  heathen.  *  The 
works  of  His  hands  are  verity  and 
judgment : 

All  His  commandments  are  sure ; 
they  stand  fast  for  ever  and  ever,  * 
being  done  in  truth  and  uprightness. 

He  sent  redemption  unto  His 
people  :  He  hath  -  commanded  His 
covenant  for  ever : 

Holy  and  terrible  is  His  Name. 

*  The  fear  of  the  LORD  is  the  be 
ginning  of  wisdom  : 

A  good  understanding  have  all 
they  that  do  His  commandments  : 

*  His  praise  endureth  for  ever. 

Antiphon.  1A11  His  command 
ments  are  sure ;  they  stand  fast  for 
ever  and  ever. 

Third  Antiphon.  In  His  com 
mandments. 

Psalm  CXI. 

[The  Hebrew  prefixes  "Alleluia."  The 
Vulgate  adds  to  the  superscription  "on  the 
return  of  Haggai  and  Zechariah  [from  the 
Captivity]."  See  Thursday,  fifth  week  in 
November.  The  Psalm  is  A  B  C  Darian.] 

OLESSED  is  the  man  that  fear- 
•*-*  eth  the  LORD  :  *  that  de- 
lighteth  greatly  in  His  command 
ments. 

His  seed  shall  be  mighty  upon 
earth ;  *  the  generation  of  the  up 
right  shall  be  blessed. 

Glory  and  riches  shall  be  in  his 
house  :  *  and  his  righteousness  en 
dureth  for  ever. 

Unto  the  upright  there  ariseth 
light  in  the  darkness  :  *  he  is 
gracious,  and  full  of  compassion, 
and  righteous. 


THE   PSALTER. 


Happy  is  the  man  that  showeth 
favour  and  lendeth ;  he  will  guide 
his  words  with  discretion  :  *  surely 
he  shall  not  be  moved  for  ever  : 

The  righteous  shall  be  in  ever 
lasting  remembrance.  '  He  shall 
not  be  afraid  of  evil  tidings  : 

His  heart  is  ready,  trusting  in  the 
LORD.  His  heart  is  established,  * 
he  shall  not  be  afraid  until  he  see 
his  desire  upon  his  enemies. 

He  hath  dispersed,  he  hath  given 
to  the  poor :  his  righteousness  en- 
dureth  for  ever :  *  his  horn  shall 
be  exalted  with  honour. 

The  wicked  shall  see  it,  and  be 
grieved ;  he  shall  gnash  his  teeth, 
and  melt  away :  *  the  desire  of 
the  wicked  shall  perish. 

Antiphon.  In  His  command 
ments  he  delighteth  greatly. 

Fourth  Antiphon.  Blessed  be  the 
Name. 

Psalm  CXII. 
[The  Hebrew  prefixes  "Alleluia."] 

PRAISE  the  LORD,  O  ye  His 
servants,  *  praise  the  Name 
of  the  LORD. 

Blessed  be  the  Name  of  the 
LORD,  *  from  this  time  forth,  and 
for  evermore ! 

From  the  rising  of  the  sun  unto 
the  going  down  of  the  same,  *  the 
LORD'S  Name  is  to  be  praised. 

The  LORD  is  high  above  all 
nations,  *  and  His  glory  above  the 
heavens. 

Who  is  like  unto  the  LORD  our 
God,  Who  dwelleth  on  high,  * 
and  beholdeth  what  is  lowly  in 
heaven,  and  in  the  earth? 

He    raiseth    up   the   poor  out   of 


the  dust,  *  and  lifteth  the  needy 
out  of  the  dung-hill; 

That  He  may  set  him  with 
princes,  *  even  with  the  princes 
of  His  people. 

He  maketh  the  barren  woman 
to  keep  house,  *  and  to  be  a  joy 
ful  mother  of  children. 

[The  Hebrew  adds  "  Alleluia,"  which 
the  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  prefix  to  the 
next  Psalm.] 

Antiphon.  Blessed  be  the  Name 
of  the  LORD  for  evermore. 

Fifth  Antiphon.     We  that  live. 

Psalm  CXI  1 1. 

WHEN  Israel  went  out  of  Egypt, 
*  the  house  of  Jacob  from 
a  people  of  strange  language, 

Judah  was  His  sanctuary,  *  and 
Israel  His  dominion. 

The  sea  saw  it  and  fled  :  *  Jor 
dan  was  driven  back. 

The  mountains  skipped  like  rams, 

*  and  the  little  hills  like  lambs. 
What    ailed    thee,    O    thou    sea, 

that  thou  fleddest?  *  and  thou 
Jordan,  that  thou  wast  driven  back  ? 

Ye  mountains,  that  ye  skipped 
like  rams?  *  and  ye  little  hills, 
like  lambs? 

The  earth  trembled  at  the  pres 
ence  of  the  Lord,  *  at  the  presence 
of  the  God  of  Jacob  : 

Who  turned  the  rock  into  a 
standing  water,  *  and  the  flint  into 
a  fountain  of  waters.1 

Not  unto  us,  O  LORD,  not  unto  us: 

*  but  unto  Thy  Name  give  glory, 
For     Thy    mercy,    and    for    Thy 

truth's  sake.  *  Wherefore  should 
the  heathen  say :  Where  is  now 
their  God? 


1  In  the  Hebrew  here  ends  Ps.  cxiv.  and  the  next  words  begin  cxv. 


VESPERS,   OR   EVENSONG. 


179 


But  our  God  is  in  the  heavens  : 
*  He  hath  done  whatsoever  He 
hath  pleased. 

The  idols  of  the  heathen  are 
silver  and  gold,  *  the  work  of 
men's  hands. 

They  have  mouths,  but  they 
speak  not :  *  eyes  have  they,  but 
they  see  not. 

They  have  ears,  but  they  hear 
not :  *  noses  have  they,  but  they 
smell  not : 

They  have  hands,  but  they  handle 
not :  feet  have  they,  but  they  walk 
not :  *  neither  speak  they  through 
their  throat. 

May  they  that  make  them  be 
like  unto  them  :  *  even  every  one 
that  trusteth  in  them. 

The  house  of  Israel  trusteth 
in  the  LORD  :  *  He  is  their  help 
and  their  shield. 

The  house  of  Aaron  trusteth  in 
the  LORD  :  *  He  is  their  help  and 
their  shield. 

They  that  fear  the  LORD  trust 
in  the  LORD  :  *  He  is  their  help 
and  their  shield. 

The  LORD  hath  been  mindful  of 
us,  *  and  blessed  us  : 

He  hath  blessed  the  house  of  Is 
rael  :  *  He  hath  blessed  the  house 
of  Aaron. 

He  hath  blessed  them  that  fear 
the  LORD,  *  both  small  and 
great. 

The  LORD  increase  you  more 
and  more,  *  you  and  your  chil 
dren. 

Ye  are  blessed  of  the  LORD,  * 
Who  made  heaven  and  earth. 

The  heaven  of  heavens  is  the 
LORD'S  :  *  but  the  earth  hath  He 
given  to  the  children  of  men. 


The  dead  shall  not  praise  Thee, 
O  LORD,  *  neither  all  they  that  go 
down  into  the  grave. 

But  we  that  live  bless  the  LORD, 
*  from  this  time  forth  for  evermore. 

[The  Hebrew  adds  "Alleluia."] 

Antiphon.  We  that  live  bless  the 
LORD. 

Antiphon  for  Paschal  time.  Alle 
luia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Here  follows  the  Chapter.  When  a 
special  one  ts  not  given,  the  following  is 
used: 

CHAPTER.    (2  Cor.  i.  3.) 

OLESSED  be  God,  even  the 
-*-'  Father  of  our  Lord  JESUS 
Christ,  the  Father  of  mercies,  and 
the  God  of  all  comfort,  Who  com- 
forteth  us  in  all  our  tribulation. 
Answer.  Thanks  be  to  God. 

This  Answer  is  always  made  after 
the  Chapter. 

Then  follows  the  Hymn.  When  a 
special  one  is  not  given,  the  following 
is  used: 

HYMN.1 

FATHER  of  Lights,  by  Whom  each 
day 

Is  kindled  out  of  night, 
Who,  when  the  heavens  were  made, 

didst  lay 

Their  rudiments  in  light ; 
Thou,  Who  didst  bind  and  blend  in  one 
The  glistening  morn  and  evening  pale, 
Hear  Thou  our  plaint,  when  light  is 

gone, 
And  lawlessness  and  strife  prevail. 

Hear,  lest  the  whelming  weight  of  crime 

Wreck  us  with  life  in  view  ; 
Lest  thoughts  and  schemes  of  sense 
and  time 

Earn  us  a  sinner's  due. 


1  Hymn  of  the  Ambrosian  school,   very  slightly  altered  ;  translation  by  the  late  Card. 
Newman. 


i8o 


THE   PSALTER. 


So  may  we  knock  at  Heaven's  door, 
And  strive  the  immortal  prize  to  win, 
Continually  and  evermore 
Guarded  without  and  pure  within. 

Grant  this,  O  Father,  Only  Son, 

And  Spirit,  God  of  grace, 
To  Whom  all  worship  shall  be  done 

In  every  time  and  place. 

Amen. 

Then  is  said  a  Verse  and  Answer. 
If  a  special  one  is  not  given,  the  follow 
ing  is  used : 

Verse.  x  Let  my  prayer,  O  Lord, 
be  set  forth. 

Answer.  As  incense  before 
Thee. 

Then  is  said  the  following  Canticle 
from  the  Gospel.  It  has  an  Antiphon 
which  is  always  special,  and  which  is 
either  begun  or  said  through  the  first 
time  before  it,  according  as  the  Office  is 
Double  or  not. 

THE  SONG  OF  THE  BLESSED  VIRGIN 
MARY.    (Luke  i.  46.) 

MY  soul  *  doth  magnify  the 
Lord: 

And  my  spirit  hath  rejoiced  *  in 
God  my  Saviour. 

For  He  hath  regarded  the  low 
liness  of  His  handmaiden  :  *  for,  be 
hold,  from  henceforth  all  generations 
shall  call  me  blessed. 

For  He  That  is  Mighty  hath  done 
to  me  great  things  :  *  and  holy  is  His 
name. 

And  His  mercy  is  on  them  that 
fear  Him,  *  from  generation  to  gen 
eration. 

He  hath  showed  strength  with 
His  arm  :  *  He  hath  scattered  the 
proud  in  the  imagination  of  their 
heart. 

He   hath   put    down    the    mighty 


from  their  seat,  *  and  exalted  them 
of  low  degree. 

He  hath  filled  the  hungry  with 
good  things,  *  and  the  rich  He  hath 
sent  empty  away. 

He  hath  holpen  His  servant  Is 
rael,  in  remembrance  of  His 
mercy : 

As  He  spake  to  our  fathers,  * 
to  Abraham,  and  to  his  seed  for 
ever. 

The  Hymn,  "  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
&c.,"  is  said,  and  then  the  Antiphon  re 
peated. 

Then  is  said: 

Verse.    Hear  my  prayer,  O  LORD. 
Answer.    And  let   my   cry   come 
unto  Thee. 

Let  us  pray. 

Then  follows  the  Prayer  for  the  day, 
at  the  end  of  which  is  answered; 

Answer.     Amen. 

Afterwards  are  made  any  Commemo 
rations  necessary,  by  the  Antiphon  for 
the  Song  of  the  Blessed  Virgin,  the  Verse 
and  Answer  after  the  Hymn,  and  the 
Prayer,  (preceded  by  "  Let  us  pray,") 
from  the  superseded  Office  which  is  to 
be  commemorated.  After  which  the  fol 
lowing  Common  Commemorations  are 
made,  if  required,  according  to  Chapter 
xxxv.  of  the  General  Rubrics. 

When  more  than  two  Prayers  are  to 
be  said,  the  last  clause  of  each  (beginning 
"Through  our  Lord,  &c.,"  or  "Who 
livest,  £c.")  is  omitted  in  all  except  the 
first  and  the  last,  nor  is  "  Amen  "  an 
swered  except  after  these  two. 

(Note  that  if  these  Commemorations, 
with  the  exception  of  those  of  St  Joseph, 
and  SS.  Peter  and  Paul,  be  said  upon 
a  week-day,  kept  as  such,  out  of  Paschal 
time,  they  are  preceded  by  the  Commem 
oration  of  the  Cross,  given  hereafter  at 
the  end  of  the  Lauds  of  Monday.} 


Ps.  cxl.  2. 


VESPERS,    OR   EVENSONG. 


181 


I.    Commemoration  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin  Mary, 

(This  Commemoration  is  omitted  if 
the  Office  of  the  day^  be  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin,  or  if  her  Little  Office  is  to  be 
said.) 

Antiphon.  O  Holy  Mary,  be  thou 
an  help  to  the  helpless,  a  strength  to 
the  fearful,  a  comfort  to  the  sorrow 
ful  ;  pray  for  the  people,  plead  for 
the  clergy,  make  intercession  for  all 
women  vowed  to  God ;  may  all  that 
keep  thine  holy  remembrance,  feel 
the  might  of  thine  assistance. 

Verse.  Pray  for  us,  O  holy  Mother 
of  God. 

Ansiver.  That  we  may  be  made 
worthy  of  the  promises  of  Christ. 

Let  us  pray. 

GRANT,  we  beseech  Thee,  O 
Lord  God,  unto  all  Thy  ser 
vants,  that  they  may  continually 
enjoy  soundness  both  of  mind  and 
body,  and  by  the  glorious  inter 
cession  of  the  Blessed  Mary,  always 
a  Virgin,  may  be  delivered  from 
present  sadness,  and  enter  into  the 
joy  of  Thine  eternal  gladness. 

From  the  Octave  of  the  Epiphany  to 
Candlemas,  the  Antiphon  is  the  same, 
but  the  rest  is  as  follows : 

Verse.  After  thy  delivery  thou 
still  remainest  a  Virgin  undefiled. 

Answer.  Mother  of  God,  pray 
for  us. 

Let  us  pray. 

GOD,  Who,  by  the  fruitful  vir- 
ginity  of  the  Blessed  Mary, 
hast  given  unto  mankind  the  rewards 
of  everlasting  life  ;  grant,  we  beseech 
Thee,  that  we  may  continually  feel 


the  might  of  her  intercession,  through 
whom  we  have  worthily  received  the 
Author  of  our  life,  our  Lord  JESUS 
Christ  Thy  Son. 

II.    Commemoration  of  St  Joseph, 
Patron  of  the  Universal  Church. 

(Omitted  in  the  Votive  Office  of  St 
Joseph.) 

Antiphon.  *  Behold  a  faithful  and 
wise  servant  whom  his  Lord  hath 
made  ruler  over  His  household. 

Verse.  2  Glory  and  riches  shall 
be  in  his  house. 

Answer.  And  his  righteousness 
endureth  for  ever. 

Let  us  pray. 

GOD,  Who,  in  Thine  unspeak- 
able  foreknowledge,  didst 
choose  Thy  blessed  servant  Joseph 
to  be  the  husband  of  Thine  Own 
most  holy  Mother;  mercifully 
grant  that  now  that  he  is  in  heaven 
with  Thee,  we  who  on  earth  do 
reverence  him  for  our  defender, 
may  worthily  be  holpen  by  the 
succour  of  his  prayers  to  Thee 
on  our  behalf. 


III.    Commemoration  of  the  Holy 
Apostles,  Peter  and  Paul. 

( Omitted  in  the  Votive  Office  of  the 
Apostles.) 

Antiphon.  Peter  the  Apostle, 
and  Paul  the  Teacher  of  the  Gen 
tiles,  have  taught  us  Thy  law,  O 
Lord. 

Verse.  3Thou  shalt  make  them 
princes  over  all  the  earth. 

Answer.  They  shall  be  mindful 
of  Thy  Name,  O  Lord. 


1  Matth.  xxiv.  45, 


2  Ps.  cxi.  3. 


3  Ps.  xliv.  17,  1 8. 


I  82  THE   PSALTER. 

Let  us  pray.  the  deep  of  the  sea,  when  he  suf- 

GOD,  Whose  Right  Hand  fered  shipwreck;  graciously  hear 

caught  the  Blessed  Peter  us>  and  Srant>  for  the  sake  of  them 

when   he    walked    upon    the    water,  both>  that  we  also  ma?  attain  unto 

and  began  to  sink,  and   thrice   de-  everlasting  glor>'- 

livered  his  fellow- Apostle  Paul  from  Note 1. 

1  In  England,  by  a  special  rule  in  this  case,  is  made 

Commemoration  of  St  George,  Patron  of  England. 

Antiphon.  The  Saints  through  faith  subdued  kingdoms,  wrought 
righteousness,  obtained  promises. 

Verse.     O  LORD,  Thou  hast  compassed  him. 
Answer.     With  Thy  favour  as  with  a  shield. 

Let  us  pray. 

OGOD,  Who  dost  gladden  us  through  the  worthy  deeds  and  prayers 
of   Thy    blessed    Martyr    George ;    mercifully    grant    that    all    they 
which  seek  Thy  favour  through  him,   may   effectually  obtain   the  gift   of 
Thy  grace. 

(And  thus  it  is  said  within  the  Octave.) 

In  the  Diocese  of  Hexham  St  George  is  not  commemorated,  but  instead  the  following 
commemoration  is  made  of  St  Cuthbert  : 

Antiphon.  Holy  Cuthbert,  our  Protector,  grace  and  glory  of  our  father 
land,  look  down  upon  us  from  Heaven,  and  pray  God  for  us,  that  He  grant 
us  everlasting  joy. 

Verse.     At  the  prayers  of  Blessed  Cuthbert  and  for  his  sake, 

Answer.     Be  merciful  unto  Thy  people,  O  Lord. 

Let  us  pray. 

GOD,  Who,  through  the  priceless  gift  of  Thy  grace,  dost  make 
Thine  holy  ones  glorious,  mercifully  grant,  that  the  prayers  of  Thy 
Blessed  Confessor  and  Bishop  Cuthbert  may  help  us  worthily  there  to 
attain,  where  are  the  spirits  of  just  men  made  perfect. 

la  the  Diocese  of  Northampton  the  following  commemoration  of  St  Thomas  of 
Canterbury  is  made  before  that  of  St  George  : 

Antiphon.     I   am  the   Good  Shepherd,  and   know  My  sheep,  and   am 
known  of  Mine,  and  I  lay  down  My  life  for  the  sheep. 
Verse.     In  your  patience 
Answer.      Possess  ye  your  souls. 

Let  us  pray, 

OGOD,   in   defence   of  Whose  Church   the   glorious   Bishop  Thomas 
fell  by  the  swords  of  wicked  men,  grant,  we  beseech  Thee,  that  all 
that  ask  his  help  may  obtain  wholesome  fruit  of  their  petition. 


VESPERS,   OR  EVENSONG.                                          183 

For  Peace.  Let  us  pray. 

Antiphon.  Give  peace  in  our  f^\  GOD,  from  Whom  all  holy 

time,  O  Lord,  because  there  is  ^^  desires,  all  good  counsels, 

none  other  that  fighteth  for  us,  and  all  just  works  do  proceed; 

but  only  Thou,  O  our  God.  give  unto  Thy  servants  that  peace 

Verse.  Peace  be  within  thy  which  the  world  cannot  give,  that 

•alls.  both  our  hearts  may  be  set  to 

Answer.  And  prosperity  within  obey  Thy  commandments,  and  also 

thy  palaces.  that  by  Thee  we  being  defended 


In  the  Diocese  of  Plymouth  the  following  commemoration  of  St  Boniface  of  Maintz  is 
made  before  that  of  St  George  : 

Antiphon.  Many  nations,  many  thousands  of  men,  did  Blessed  Boniface 
gain  for  Christ,  and  forasmuch  as  he  made  himself  like  unto  an  Apostle 
he  hath  purchased  unto  himself  a  great  reward  in  Heaven  along  with 
the  Apostles. 

Verse.     Be  strong  in  the  Lord,  be  strong. 

Answer.     That  ye  may  live  for  ever  with  God. 

Let  us  pray. 

GOD,  Who  wast  pleased  to  make  the  zeal  of  Thy  Blessed  Martyr 
and  Bishop  Boniface  the  mean  whereby  Thou  didst  cause  many 
peoples  to  know  Thy  Name,  mercifully  grant  unto  us  who  honour  his 
memory  to  be  feelingly  holpen  by  the  succour  of  his  protection. 

(And  so  it  is  said  within  the  Octave.} 

In  the  Diocese  of  Portsmouth  the  following  commemoration  of  St  Edmund  of  Canter 
bury  is  made  after  that  of  St  George  : 

Antiphon.  He  loved  righteousness  and  hated  iniquity,  and  therefore 
he  died  in  exile. 

Verse.     Cast  out  upon  a  world  of  woes, 

In  exile  here  we  roam. 

Answer.  O  Blessed  Edmund,  by  thy  prayers, 
Gain  us  the  love  of  home. 

Let  us  pray. 

GOD,  Who  in  the  abundance  of  Thy  goodness  toward  Thy  Church 
hast  made  her  bright  by  the  illustrious  life  of  Thy  blessed  Confessor 
and  Bishop  Edmund,  and  gladdened  her  by  his  glorious  and  wondrous 
works,  mercifully  grant  unto  Thy  servants  that  they  may  be  bettered  in 
following  after  his  ensample,  and  shielded  by  his  protection  from  all 
things  that  may  rise  up  against  them. 


184 


THE   PSALTER. 


from  the  fear  of  our  enemies,  may 
pass  our  time  in  rest  and  quiet 
ness.  Through  our  Lord  JESUS 
Christ,  Thy  Son,  Who  liveth  and 
reigneth  with  Thee,  in  the  unity 
of  the  Holy  Ghost,  one  God, 
world  without  end. 
Answer.  Amen. 

From  the  Monday  after  Low  Sunday 
till  Rogation  Tuesday,  instead  of  the 
preceding  Commemorations,  is  said  the 
following: 

Paschal  Commemoration  of  the 
Cross. 

(Omitted  in  the  Votive  Offices  of 
the  Blessed  Sacrament,  and  of  the 
Passion.) 

Antiphon.  JESUS,  our  trium 
phant  Head, 

On  the  Cross's  transom  dread 

The  Hands  of  power  and  mercy 
spread 

That  brake  the  prison  of  the 
dead.  Alleluia. 

Verse.  Say  among  the  heathen 
— Alleluia. 

Answer.  That  the  LORD  reign 
eth  from  the  tree,1  Alleluia. 

Let  us  pray. 

OGOD,  Who  didst  send  Thy 
Son  to  suffer  death  for  us 
upon  the  Cross,  that  Thou  might- 
est  deliver  us  from  the  power  of 
the  enemy ;  grant  unto  us  Thy 
servants  to  be  made  partakers  of 
His  Resurrection.  Through  the 
Same  our  Lord  JESUS  Christ  Thy 
Son,  Who  liveth  and  reigneth  with 
Thee  in  the  unity  of  the  Holy 
Ghost,  one  God,  world  without  end. 
Answer.  Amen. 


After  the  last  Prayer  is  said: 

Verse.    Hear  my  prayer,  O  LORD. 
Answer,      And  let  my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 

Verse.     Bless  we  the  Lord. 
Answer,     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Then  is  said  in  rather  a  low  voice  : 

May  the  souls  of  the  Faithful, 

through  the  mercy  of  God,  rest  in 
peace. 

Answer.  Amen. 


^   unless    Compline  follow,   the 
Lords  Prayer  inaudibly  : 

OUR  Father,  Who  art  in  heaven, 
Hallowed  be  Thy  Name. 
Thy  kingdom  come.  Thy  will  be 
done  on  earth,  as  it  is  in  heaven. 
Give  us  this  day  our  daily  bread. 
And  forgive  us  our  trespasses,  as  we 
forgive  them  that  trespass  against  us. 
And  lead  us  not  into  temptation  ; 
but  deliver  us  from  evil.  Amen. 

Note.  When  Office  is  said  in  Choir, 
the  service  is  ended  with  the  Antiphon 
of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary  every  time 
the  Choir  is  left.  Otherwise  it  is  only 
said  as  given  in  this  book,  after  Lauds, 
(or  the  aggregation  of  which  Lauds 
forms  a  part}  and  Compline.  When 
ever  it  is  said,  except  after  Compline,  it 
is  preceded  by: 

Verse.  *J«  The  Lord  give  us  His 
peace. 

Answer.  And  life  everlasting. 
Amen. 

Ij  the  Office  of  the  Dead  follow  im 
mediately,  the  above  prayer  for  the 
Faithful  departed,  and  the  "  Our  Fa 
ther,"  are  omitted. 


Feasts.  The  above  Office,  appointed 
for  Sunday,  is  also,  speaking  in  a  gen 
eral  sense,  used  on  all  Feasts  above  the 
rank  of.  Simples. 

1  Ps.  xcv.  10,  old  version. 


VESPERS,    OR   EVENSONG. 


I85 


JHontrag. 

THE  SECOND  DAY  OF  THE  WEEK. 

All  as  on  Sunday,  except  as  otherwise 
given  here. 

The  Psalms  are  as  follows  ; 

Antiphon.  The  Lord  hath  in 
clined. 

In  Paschal  time  only  one  Antiphon 
is  said,  Alleluia. 

Psalm  CXIV. 

[The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  prefix  "Al 
leluia."] 

AM  well  pleased,  because  the 
-*-  LORD  hath  heard  *  the  voice 
of  my  supplication  : 

Because  He  hath  inclined  His  ear 
unto  me,  *  therefore  will  I  call  upon 
Him  all  my  days. 

The  sorrows  of  death  compassed 
me  :  *  and  the  straits  of  hell  found 
me  : 

Sorrow  and  trouble  did  I  find. 
*  Then  called  I  upon  the  name  of 
the  LORD  : 

0  LORD,  deliver  my  soul.    *  Gra 
cious   is  the  LORD,  and  righteous  : 
yea,  our  God  is  merciful. 

The  LORD  preserveth  the  simple  : 

*  I  was  brought  low  and  He  helped 
me. 

Return  unto  thy  rest,  O  my  soul : 

*  for  the  LORD  hath  dealt  bountifully 
with  thee. 

For  He  hath  delivered  my  soul 
from  death,  *  mine  eyes  from  tears, 
and  my  feet  from  falling. 

1  will  walk  before  the  LORD  *  in 
the  land  of  the  living. 

Antiphon.  iThe  Lord  hath  in 
clined  His  ear  unto  me. 


Second  Antiphon.     I  believed. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words,  "  Therefore  have 
I  spoken." 

Psalm  CXV. 

[In  the  Hebrew  this  Psalm  is  a  continua 
tion  of  the  last.  The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX. 
prefix  "Alleluia."] 

T  BELIEVED,  therefore  have  I 
1  spoken :  *  but  I  was  greatly 
afflicted. 

I  said  in  my  haste :  *  All  men 
are  liars. 

What  shall  I  render  unto  the 
LORD  *  for  all  His  benefits  toward 
me? 

I  will  take  the  cup  of  salvation, 

*  and  call  upon   the  name   of  the 
LORD. 

I  will  pay  my  vows  unto  the  LORD 
in  the  presence  of  all  His  people. 

*  Precious  in  the  sight  of  the  LORD 
is  the  death  of  His  Saints. 

0  LORD,  truly  I  am  Thy  servant : 

*  I  am  Thy  servant,  and  the  son  of 
Thine  handmaid  : 

Thou  hast  loosed  my  bonds.  *  I 
will  offer  to  Thee  the  sacrifice  of 
thanksgiving,  and  will  call  upon  the 
name  of  the  LORD. 

1  will  pay  my  vows  unto  the  LORD, 
in  the  presence  of  all  His  people  :  * 
in  the  courts  of  the  LORD'S  house,  in 
the  midst  of  thee,  O  Jerusalem  ! 

[Here  the  Hebrew  appends  "Alle 
luia,"  which  the  Vulgate  and  the  LXX. 
prefix  to  the  next  Psalm.] 

Antiphon.  I  believed,  therefore 
have  I  spoken. 

Third  Antiphon.     O  praise. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words,  "  The  LORD." 


1  Ps.  cxiv.  2. 


1 86 


THE   PSALTER. 


Psalm  CXVI. 

O    PRAISE    the    LORD,    all    ye 
nations :    *  praise   Him,    all 
ye  people. 

For  His  merciful  kindness  is  great 
toward  us  :  *  and  the  truth  of  the 
LORD  endureth  for  ever. 

[Here  the  Hebrew  appends  "  Alle 
luia,"  which  the  Vulgate  and  the  LXX. 
prefix  to  the  next  Psalm.] 

Antiphon.  O  praise  the  LORD, 
all  ye  nations. 

Fourth  Antiphon,      I  cried. 

Psalm  CXIX. 

[This  is  the  first  of  the  "Songs  of  De 
grees,"  or  "Gradual  Psalms."  See  note 
to  Ps.  cxxix.,  p.  91.] 

TN  my  distress  I  cried  unto  the 
^  LORD,  *  and  He  heard  me. 

Deliver  my  soul,  O  LORD,  from 
lying  lips,  *  and  from  a  deceitful 
tongue. 

What  shall  be  given  unto  thee,  or 
what  shall  be  done  unto  thee,  *  thou 
false  tongue? 

Sharp  arrows  of  the  mighty,  *  with 
hot  burning  coals. 

Woe  is  me !  that  my  sojourn  is 
long :  I  dwell  with  the  dwellers  of 
Kedar.1  *  My  soul  hath  long  dwelt 
as  an  exile 

With  them  that  hate  peace.  I 
was  peaceable  :  *  when  I  spoke 
unto  them,  they  fought  against  me 
without  a  cause. 

Antiphon.  2  I  cried,  and  He  heard 
me. 

Fifth  Antiphon.  From  whence 
cometh. 


Psalm  CXX. 
[Also  a  Song  of  Degrees.] 

I  WILL  lift  up  mine  eyes  unto  the 
hills,  *  from  whence  cometh 
mine  help. 

Mine  help  cometh  from  the  LORD, 
*  Who  made  heaven  and  earth. 

He  will  not  suffer  thy  feet  to  be 
moved :  *  He  That  keepeth  thee 
will  not  slumber. 

Behold,  He  That  keepeth  Israel 
shall  neither  slumber  nor  sleep. 

The  LORD  is  thy  keeper :  the 
LORD  is  thy  shade  *  upon  thy  right 
hand. 

The  sun  shall  not  smite  thee  by 
day,  *  nor  the  moon  by  night. 

The  LORD  shall  keep  thee  from 
all  evil :  *  the  Lord  shall  keep  thy 
soul. 

The  LORD  shall  keep  thy  coming 
in  and  thy  going  out,  *  from  this 
time  forth  and  for  evermore. 

Antiphon.  3  From  whence  cometh 
mine  help. 

Antiphon  in  Paschal  time.  Alle 
luia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

HYMN.4 

LORD  of  unbounded  space, 
Who,  lest  the  sky  and  main 
Should  mix,  and  heaven  should  lose  its 

place, 
Didst  the  rude  waters  chain  ; 

Parting  the  moist  and  rare, 
That  rills  on  earth  might  flow 

To  soothe  the  angry  flame,  whene'er 
It  ravens  from  below  ; 

Pour  on  us  of  Thy  grace 

The  everlasting  spring, 
Lest  our  frail  steps  renew  the  trace 

Of  the  ancient  wandering. 


1  Properly  "Black-skin."  This  was  the  name  of  a  son  of  Ishmael,  and  of  an  Arabian 
tribe  sprung  from  him.  2  Ps.  cxix.  I.  3  Ps.  cxx.  I. 

4  Hymn  of  the  Ambrosian  school,  almost  unchanged ;  translation  by  the  late  Card. 
Newman. 


VESPERS,   OR   EVENSONG. 


I87 


May  faith  in  lustre  grow, 
And  rear  her  star  in  heaven, 

Paling  all  sparks  of  earth  below 
Unquenched  by  damps  of  even. 

Grant  it,  O  Father,  Son, 

And  Holy  Spirit  of  grace, 
To  Whom  be  glory,  Three  in  One, 

In  every  time  and  place. 

Amen. 

Antiphonfor  the  Song  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin.  My  soul  doth  magnify  the 
Lord,  *  for  God  hath  regarded  my 
lowliness. 

After  the  repetition  of  the  Antiphon 
after  the  So?ig  of  the  Blessed  Virgin,  on 
the  Week-days  of  Advent  and  Lent,  the 
Ember  Days,  and  all  Vigils  which  are 
Fasts,  except  Christmas  Eve  and  the 
Eve  and  Ember  Days  of  Pentecost,  all 
kneel  down,  and  the  following  prayers, 
called  the  Preces,  are  said: 

Kyrie  eleison. 

Answer.     Christe  eleison. 

Kyrie  eleison. 

Then  the  Lord's  Prayer  is  said  aloud. 

Father,  Who  art  in  heaven, 
Hallowed  be  Thy  Name.  Thy 
kingdom  come.  Thy  will  be  done 
on  earth,  as  it  is  in  heaven.  Give 
us  this  day  our  daily  bread.  And 
forgive  us  our  trespasses,  as  we 
forgive  them  that  trespass  against 
us.  And  lead  us  not  into  tempta 
tion. 

Answer.  But  deliver  us  from 
evil. 

Verse.  I  said  :  LORD,  be  merci 
ful  unto  me. 

Answer.  Heal  my  soul,  for  I 
have  sinned  against  Thee. 

Verse.  Return,  O  LORD,  how 
long? 

Answer.  And  let  it  repent  Thee 
concerning  Thy  servants. 


Verse.      Let  Thy  mercy,  O  LORD, 
be  upon  us. 

Answer.  According  as  we  hope 
in  Thee. 

Verse.  Let  Thy  priests  be  clothed 
with  righteousness. 

Answer.  And  let  Thy  Saints 
shout  for  joy. 

Verse.     O  LORD,  save  the  King. 
Answer.     And  hear  us  in  the  day 
when  we  call  upon  Thee. 

Verse.  O  Lord,  save  Thy  people, 
and  bless  Thine  inheritance. 

Ansiver.  And  govern  them,  and 
lift  them  up  for  ever. 

Verse.  Remember  Thy  congre 
gation. 

Answer.  Which  Thou  hast  pur 
chased  of  old. 

Verse.  Peace  be  within  thy 
walls. 

Answer.  And  prosperity  within 
thy  palaces. 

Verse.  Let  us  pray  for  the  Faith 
ful  departed. 

Answer.  O  Lord,  grant  them 
eternal  rest,  and  let  the  everlasting 
light  shine  upon  them. 

Verse.     May  they  rest  in  peace. 
Answer.     Amen. 
Verse.    Let  us  pray  for  our  absent 
brethren. 

Answer.  O  Thou,  my  God,  save 
Thy  servants  that  trust  in  Thee. 

Verse.  Let  us  pray  for  the  sorrow 
ful  and  the  captive. 

Answer.     Redeem  them,  O  God 
of  Israel,  out  of  all  their  troubles. 
Verse.     O  Lord,  send  them  help 
from  the  sanctuary. 

Answer.  And  strengthen  them 
out  of  Zion. 

Verse.  Hear  my  prayer,  O 
LORD. 

Answer.  And  let  my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 


i88 


THE   PSALTER. 


Psalm  L. 

Have  mercy  upon  me,  O  God, 
&c,  (/.  87). 

Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and  to  the 
Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

As  it  was  in  the  beginning,  is  now, 
and  ever  shall  be,  world  without  end. 
Amen. 

Verse.  Turn  us  again,  O  LORD 
God  of  Hosts. 

Answer.  And  cause  Thy  face  to 
shine,  and  we  shall  be  saved. 

Verse.  Arise,  O  Christ,  and  help 
us. 

Answer.  And  deliver  us  for  Thy 
Name's  sake. 

Verse.    Hear  my  prayer,  O  LORD. 

Answer.  And  let  my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 

Let  us  pray. 
Here  follows  the  Prayer  of  the  Day. 

All  proceeds  to  the  end  of  the  service  as 
on  Sunday,  except  that  when  Suffrages 
are  said,  the  following  is  said  before  the 
Commemoration  of  the  Blessed  Virgin 
Mary. 

Commemoration  of  the  Cross. 

(Omitted  in  the  Offices  of  the  Blessed 
Sacrament,  and  of  the  Passion.} 

Antiphon.  Through  Thy  Cross's 
holy  sign,  JESUS,  guard  this  soul  of 
mine,  from  my  ghostly  enemy. 

Verse.  Let  all  the  earth  worship 
Thee,  and  sing  unto  Thee. 

Answer.  Let  them  sing  praises  to 
Thy  name,  O  Lord. 

Let  us  pray. 


LORD,  we  beseech  Thee,  keep 
us  in  continual  peace,  whom 


Thou  hast  vouchsafed  to  redeem  by 
the  tree  of  the  Holy  Cross. 

Simple  Feasts.  If  the  Vespers  of  a 
Simple  Feast  be  kept  on  a  Monday,  the 
Office  is  of  the  Feast,  from  the  Chapter 
inclusive. 


THE  THIRD  DAY  OF  THE  WEEK. 

All  as  on  Sunday,  except  as  otherwise 
given  here. 

The  Psalms  are  as  follows : 
Antiphon.     Let  us  go. 

In  Paschal  time  only  one  Antiphon  is 
said,  Alleluia. 

Psalm  CXXI. 
[Intituled  "A  Song  of  Degrees,  of  David."] 

T  WAS  glad  when  they  said  unto 
*•  me  :  *  Let  us  go  into  the  house 
of  the  LORD. 

Our  feet  have  been  wont  to  stand 

*  within  thy  gates,  O  Jerusalem  ! 
Jerusalem  is  builded  as  a  city  * 

that  is  compact  together : 

Whither  the  tribes  go  up,  the 
tribes  of  the  LORD,  *  the  testimony 
of  Israel,  to  give  thanks  unto  the 
name  of  the  LORD. 

For  there  are  set  thrones  for  judg 
ment,  *  the  thrones  for  the  house  of 
David. 

Pray  for  the  peace  of  Jerusalem  : 

*  they  shall  prosper  that  love  thee. 
Peace  be  within  thy  walls,  *  and 

prosperity  within  thy  palaces. 

For  my  brethren  and  companions' 
sakes,  *  I  will  now  say — Peace  be 
within  thee ! 

Because  of  the  house  of  the  LORD 
our  God,  *  I  will  seek  thy  good. 


VESPERS,    OR   EVENSONG. 


189 


Antiphon.  Let  us  go  with  glad 
ness  into  the  house  of  the  LORD. 

Second  Antiphon.  O  Thou  That 
dwellest. 

Psalm  CXXII. 
[Intituled  "A  Song  of  Degrees."] 

UNTO  Thee  lift  I  up  mine  eyes, 
*  O  Thou  That  dwellest  in 
the  heavens ! 

Behold,  as  the  eyes  of  servants  * 
look  unto  the  hand  of  their  masters, 

As  the  eyes  of  a  maiden  unto 
the  hand  of  her  mistress :  *  so 
our  eyes  look  unto  the  LORD  our 
God,  until  that  He  have  mercy 
on  us. 

Have  mercy  upon  us,  O  LORD, 
have  mercy  upon  us  :  *  for  we  are 
exceedingly  filled  with  contempt. 

Our    soul    is    exceedingly    filled 

*  with   the   scorning   of  those   that 
are    at    ease,    and    with    the    con 
tempt  of  the  proud. 

Antiphon.  O  Thou  That  dwell 
est  in  the  heavens,  have  mercy 
upon  us. 

Third  Antiphon.     Our  help. 

Psalm  CXXIII. 

[Intituled  "A  Song  of  Degrees,"  to  which 
the  Hebrew  and  the  Targum  add  "of 
David,"  but  this  ascription  of  authorship 
does  not  occur  in  the  Vulgate  or  the  LXX.] 

TF  it  had  not  been  the  LORD 
-*•  Who  was  on  our  side  —  now 
may  Israel  say  —  *  if  it  had  not 
been  the  LORD  Who  was  on  our 
side, 

When   men   rose   up   against   us  : 

*  then   they  had   swallowed  us   up 
quick, 

When    their    wrath    was    kindled 


against  us  :  *  then  the  waters  had 
overwhelmed  us, 

The  stream  had  gone  over  our 
soul  :  *  then  the  overwhelming 
waters  had  gone  over  our  soul. 

Blessed  be  the  LORD,  *  Who  hath 
not  given  us  as  a  prey  to  their  teeth. 

Our  soul  is  escaped  as  a  bird  * 
out  of  the  snare  of  the  fowlers  : 

The  snare  is  broken,  *  and  we 
are  escaped. 

Our  help  is  in  the  name  of  the 
LORD,  *  Who  made  heaven  and 
earth. 

Antiphon.  1  Our  help  is  in  the 
name  of  the  LORD. 

Fourth  Antiphon.  Do  good,  O 
LORD. 

Psalm  CXXIV. 
[Intituled  "A  Song  of  Degrees."] 


that  trust  in  the  LORD 
shall  be  as  Mount  Zion  :  * 
he  that  dwelleth  in  Jerusalem 
shall  never  be  moved. 

The  mountains  are  round  about 
Jerusalem  :  *  and  the  LORD  is 
round  about  His  people,  from 
henceforth,  and  for  ever. 

For  the  Lord  will  not  suffer 
the  rod  of  the  wicked  to  rest  upon 
the  lot  of  the  righteous  :  *  lest 
the  righteous  put  forth  their  hands 
unto  iniquity. 

Do  good,  O  LORD,  to  the  good, 
*  and  to  them  that  are  upright  in 
their  hearts. 

As  for  such  as  turn  aside  unto 
their  crooked  ways,  the  LORD 
shall  lead  them  forth  with  the 
workers  of  iniquity  :  *  peace  be 
upon  Israel  ! 

Antiphon.      Do   good,   O    LORD, 


190 


THE    PSALTER. 


to  the  good,  and  to  them  that  are 
upright  in  their  hearts. 

Fifth  Antiphon.     We  were  like. 

Psalm  CXXV. 
[Intituled  "A  Song  of  Degrees."] 

1  \  7"HEN  the  LORD  turned  again 
*  *  the  captivity  of  Zion,  *  we 
were  like  them  that  come  again 
from  sickness. 

Then  was  our  mouth  filled  with 
laughter,  *  and  our  tongue  with 
singing. 

Then  said  they  among  the  hea 
then  :  *  The  LORD  hath  done  great 
things  for  them. 

The  LORD  hath  done  great  things 
for  us  :  *  whereof  we  are  glad. 

Turn  again  our  captivity,  O 
LORD,  *  as  the  streams  in  the 
south. 

They  that  sow  in  tears  *  shall 
reap  in  joy. 

They  go  forth  weeping,  *  sow 
ing  their  seed ; 

They  shall  doubtless  come  again 
with  rejoicing,  *  bringing  their 
sheaves  with  them. 

Antiphon.  We  were  like  them 
that  come  again  from  sickness. 

Antiphon  in  Paschal  time.  Al 
leluia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

HYMN.1 

ALL-BOUNTIFUL  Creator,  Who, 
When    Thou    didst    mould    the 
world,  didst  drain 
The  waters  from  the  mass,  that  so 
Earth  might  immovable  remain  ; 

That  its  dull  clods  it  might  transmute 
To  golden  flowers  in  vale  or  wood, 
To  juice  of  thirst-allaying  fruit, 
And  grateful  herbage  spread  for  food  ; 


Wash  Thou  our  smarting  wounds  and 

hot, 

In  the  cool  freshness  of  Thy  grace  ; 
Till  tears  start  forth  the  past  to  blot, 
And  cleanse  and  calm  Thy  holy  place, 

Till  we  obey  Thy  full  behest, 

Shun    the   world's   tainted   touch    and 

breath, 

Joy  in  what  highest  is  and  best, 
And  gain  a  spell  to  baffle  death. 

Grant  it,  O  Father,  Only  Son, 
And  Holy  Spirit,  God  of  grace, 
To  Whom  all  glory,  Three  in  One, 
Be  given  in  every  time  and  place. 

Amen. 

Antiphon  for  the  Song  of  the 
Blessed  Virgin.  Let  my  spirit  re 
joice  *  in  God  my  Saviour. 

Commemoration  of  the  Cross  before 
the  other  general  Commemorations,  and 
Long  Preces  at  certain  times  as  on 
Monday. 

Simple  Feasts.  If  the  Vespers  of  a 
Simple  Feast  be  kept  on  a  Tuesday,  the 
Office  is  of  the  Feast  from  the  Chapter 
inclusive. 


THE  FOURTH  DAY  OF  THE  WEEK. 

All  as  on  Sunday,  except  as  otherwise 
given  here. 

The  Psalms  are  as  follows  : 
Antiphon.        He    shall     not     be 
ashamed. 

In  Paschal  time  only  one  Antiphon 
is  said,  Alleluia. 

Psalm  CXXV1. 

[Intituled  "A  Song  of  Degrees,  of  Solo 
mon."  The  LXX.  omits  the  ascription  to 
Solomon.] 

I7XCEPT  the  LORD  build  the 
•*-*  house,  *  they  labour  in  vain 
that  build  it : 


1  Hymn  of  the  Ambrosian  school,  hardly  altered  ;  translation  by  the  late  Card.  Newman. 


VESPERS,   OR   EVENSONG. 


Except  the  LORD  keep   the  city, 

*  the    watchman    waketh    but    in 
vain. 

It  is  vain  for  you  to  rise  up 
early,  *  rise  up  when  ye  are 
rested,  ye  that  eat  the  bread  of 
sorrow  : 

For  He  giveth  His  beloved  sleep. 
Lo,  children  are  an  heritage  of  the 
LORD,  *  the  fruit  of  the  womb  is  His 
reward. 

As  arrows  are  in  the  hand  of  a 
mighty  man,  *  so  are  the  children 
of  the  out-cast. 

Happy  is  the  man  that  hath  his 
desire  satisfied  with  them  :  *  he  shall 
not  be  ashamed  when  he  speaketh 
with  his  enemies  in  the  gate. 

Antiphon.  He  shall  not  be  a- 
shamed  when  he  speaketh  with  his 
enemies  in  the  gate. 

Second  Antiphon,     Blessed. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used  the  Psalm 
commences  with  the  words ,  "  Is  every 
one." 

Psalm  CXXVII. 
[Intituled  "A  Song  of  Degrees."] 

BLESSED  is  every  one  that  feareth 
the  LORD,   *  that  walketh  in 
His  ways. 

For  thou  shalt  eat  the  labour  of 
thine  hands  :  *  happy  shalt  thou  be 
and  it  shall  be  well  with  thee. 

Thy  wife  shall  be  as  a  fruitful  vine 

*  on  the  sides  of  thine  house  : 

Thy  children  like  olive  plants  * 
round  about  thy  table. 

Behold,  that  thus  shall  the  man 
be  blessed  *  that  feareth  the 
LORD. 

The    LORD    bless    thee    out    of 


Zion  :  *  and  mayest  thou  see  the 
good  of  Jerusalem  all  the  days  of 
thy  life. 

Yea,  mayest  thou  see  thy  chil 
dren's  children,  *  and  peace  upon 
Israel. 

Antiphon.  Blessed  is  every  one 
that  feareth  the  LORD. 

Third  Antiphon.     Many  a  time. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used,  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words,  "  Have  they 
afflicted  me." 

Psalm  CXXVII  I. 

[Intituled  "A  Song  of  Degrees."] 

l\/r  ANY  a  time  have  they  warred 
*•**•  against  me  from  my  youth 
— *  may  Israel  now  say : — 

Many  a  time  have  they  warred 
against  me  from  my  youth  :  *  yet 
they  have  not  prevailed  against 
me. 

1  The  ploughers  ploughed  upon 
my  back  :  *  they  made  long  their 
furrows. 

The  LORD  is  righteous,  He  hath 
broken  the  necks  of  the  wicked.  * 
Let  them  all  be  confounded  and 
turned  back  that  hate  Zion. 

Let  them  be  as  the  grass  upon 
the  house  -  tops,  *  which  withereth 
before  it  is  plucked  up  : 

Wherewith  the  mower  filleth  not 
his  hand,  *  nor  he  that  bindeth 
sheaves  his  bosom. 

Neither  do  they  that  go  by  say  : 
The  blessing  of  the  LORD  be  upon 
you !  *  we  bless  you  in  the  name  of 
the  LORD  ! 

Antiphon.  Many  a  time  have  they 
afflicted  me  from  my  youth  up. 


1  I.e.,    "They  furrowed   my  back  with  stripes  as  the   ground   is  furrowed  with   the 
plough. " — Gesenius. 


THE    PSALTER. 


Fourth    Antiphon. 
depths. 


Out    of    the 


If  this  Antiphon  be  used,  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words,  "  Have  I  cried 
unto  Thee." 


Psalm  CXXIX. 

OUT  of  the  depths  have  I  cried 
unto  Thee,  O  LORD  !  *  Lord, 
hear  my  voice. 

Let  Thine  ears  be  attentive  *  to 
the  voice  of  my  supplication. 

If  Thou,  LORD,  shouldest  mark 
iniquities,  *  O  Lord,  who  shall 
stand  ? 

But  there  is  forgiveness  with  Thee : 

*  because  of  Thy   law,    I   wait  for 
Thee,  O  LORD! 

My  soul  doth  wait  on  His  word  : 

*  my  soul  hopeth  in  the  Lord. 
From    the    morning    watch    even 

until  night  *  let  Israel  hope  in  the 
LORD  : 

For  with  the  LORD  there  is  mercy, 

*  and  with  Him  is  plenteous  redemp 
tion. 

And  He  shall  redeem  Israel,  * 
from  all  his  iniquities. 

Antiphon.  Out  of  the  depths  have 
I  cried  unto  Thee,  O  LORD. 

Fifth  Antiphon.     Let  Israel  hope. 

Psalm  CXXX. 

[Intituled  "A  Song  of  Degrees,"  to  which 
the  Hebrew  and  the  Vulgate,  but  not  the 
Targum  or  the  LXX.,  add  "of  David."] 

LORD,  mine  heart  is  not  haughty, 
*  nor  mine  eyes  lofty : 
Neither  do    I   exercise  myself  in 
great    matters,    *    or    in    wonderful 
things  that  are  above  me. 


If  I  have  not  thought  lowly  of 
myself —  *  (but  lifted  up  my  soul) — 

Even  as  a  child  that  is  weaned 
from  his  mother  :  *  so  be  my  soul 
rewarded. 

Let  Israel  hope  in  the  LORD,  * 
from  henceforth  and  for  ever. 

Antiphon.  Let  Israel  hope  in  the 
LORD. 

Antiphon  in  Paschal  time.  Alle 
luia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

HYMN.1 

OLORD,  Who  throned  in  the  holy 
height, 

Through  plains  of  ether  didst  diffuse 
The  dazzling  beams  of  light, 
In  soft  transparent  hues  ; 

Who    didst,    on    the    fourth    day,    in 

heaven, 
Light  the  fierce  cresset  of  the  sun, 

And  the  meek  moon  at  even, 

And  stars  that  wildly  run  ; 

That  they  might  mark  and  arbitrate 
'Twixt  alternating  night  and  day, 

And  tend  the  train  sedate 

Of  months  upon  their  way  ; 

Clear,  Lord,  the  brooding  night  within, 
And  clean  these  hearts  for  Thy  abode, 

Unlock  the  spell  of  sin, 

Crumble  its  giant  load. 

Grant  it,  O  Father,  Only  Son, 
And  Holy  Spirit,  God  of  grace, 

To  Whom  all  praise  be  done 

In  every  time  and  place. 

Amen. 

Antiphon  at  the  Song  of  the 
Blessed  Virgin.  The  Lord  hath 
regarded  *  my  lowliness,  and  He 
That  is  mighty  hath  done  in  me 
great  things. 

Commemoration  of  the  Cross  before 
the  other  general  Commemorations,  and 


1  Hymn  of  the  Ambrosian  school,   somewhat  altered  ;    translation  by  the  late   Card. 
Newman. 


VESPERS,   OR   EVENSONG. 


193 


Long  Preces  in  Advent  and  Lent,  and 
on  Fast- days,  as  on  Monday. 

Simple  Feasts.  If  the  Vespers  of  a 
Simple  Feast  be  kept  on  a  Wednesday, 
the  Office  is  of  the  Feast  from  the  Chap 
ter  inclusive. 


THE  FIFTH  DAY  OF  THE  WEEK. 

All  as  on  Sunday,  except  as  otherwise 
given  here. 

,  The  Psalms  are  as  follows  : 
Antiphon.     And  all. 

In  Paschal  time  only  one  Antiphon 
is  said,  Alleluia. 

Psalm  CXXXI. 

[Intituled  "A  Song  of  Degrees."  It 
reads  like  a  Processional  for  some  transla 
tion  of  the  Sacred  Ark,  perhaps  that  de 
scribed  in  3  (i)  Kings  vii.  (Saturday  before 
8th  Sunday  after  Pentecost.)] 

ORD,  remember  David,  *  and 
•"—*  all  his  meekness  : 

How  he  sware  unto  the  LORD  :  * 
he  vowed  a  vow  unto  the  God  of 
Jacob ; — 

Surely  I  will  not  come  into  the 
tabernacle  of  mine  house,  *  nor  go 
up  into  my  bed ; 

I  will  not  give  sleep  to  mine  eyes, 

*  or  slumber  to  mine  eyelids ; 

I  will  not  give  the  temples  of 
mine  head  any  rest,  until  I  find  out 
a  place  for  the  LORD,  *  an  habita 
tion  for  the  God  of  Jacob. 

1  Lo,  we  heard  of  it  at  Ephratah  : 

*  we  found  it  in  the  fields  of  "  the 
Wood." 


We  will  go  into  His  tabernacle  : 

*  we  will  worship  in  His  footprints. 
Arise,    O    LORD,    into   Thy    rest, 

Thou  and  the  ark  of  Thine 
holiness. 

Let  Thy  priests  be  clothed  with 
righteousness,  *  and  let  Thy  Saints 
shout  for  joy. 

For    Thy    servant     David's    sake, 

*  turn  not  away  the  face  of  Thine 
Anointed. 

The  LORD  hath  sworn  in  truth 
unto  David,  and  He  will  not  turn 
from  it :  *  Of  the  fruit  of  thy  body 
will  I  set  upon  thy  throne. 

If  thy  children  will  keep  My 
covenant,  *  and  My  testimony 
that  I  shall  teach  them, 

Then  their  children  for  ever  * 
shall  sit  upon  thy  throne. 

For  the  LORD  hath  chosen  Zion  : 
*  He  hath  chosen  it  for  His  habita 
tion. 

This  is  My  rest  for  ever  :  *  here 
will  I  dwell,  for  I  have  chosen  it. 

I  will  abundantly  bless  her 
widows  :  n  I  will  satisfy  her  poor 
with  bread. 

I  will  clothe  her  Priests  with 
salvation  :  *  and  her  Saints  shall 
shout  aloud  for  joy. 

There  will  I  make  the  horn  of 
David  to  bud  :  *  I  have  ordained 
a  lamp  for  Mine  Anointed. 

His  enemies  will  I  clothe  with 
shame  :  *  but  upon  him  shall  My 
sanctification  flourish. 

Antiphon.     And  all  his  meekness. 
Second  Antiphon.     Behold. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used,  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words,  "  How  good  and 
how  pleasant." 


1  This  verse  relates  to  the  fetching  of  the  ark  from  Kirjath-jearim,  (literally  "The 
town-of- the- woods,")  which  stood  at  the  borders  of  the  territory  of  Ephraim,  here  called 
Ephratah.  See  2  Kings  (Sam.)  vi.  (Thursday,  5th  week  after  Pentecost.) 

VOL.    III.  O 


194 


THE   PSALTER. 


Psalm  CXXXII. 

[Intituled  "  A  Song  of  Degrees,"  to  which 
the  Hebrew  and  the  Vulgate,  but  not  the 
Targum  or  the  LXX.,  add  "of  David."] 

BEHOLD,  how  good  and  how 
pleasant  it  is  *  for  brethren 
to  dwell  together  in  unity. 

1  It  is  like  the  precious  oint 
ment  upon  the  head,  *  that  ran 
down  upon  the  beard,  even  Aaron's 
beard, 

That  went  down  to  the  skirts 
of  his  garments.  *  As  the  dew  of 
Hermon,  that  descendeth  upon 
the  mountains  of  Zion  ; 2 

For  there  the  LORD  commanded 
the  blessing,  *  even  life  for  evermore. 

Antiphon.  Behold,  how  good 
and  how  pleasant  it  is  for  brethren 
to  dwell  together  in  unity. 

Third  Antiphon.     Whatsoever. 

Psalm  CXXXIV. 

[To  this  Psalm  is  prefixed  "Alleluia."] 

PRAISE  ye  the  Name  of  the 
LORD,  *  praise  Him,  O  ye 
servants  of  the  LORD  ! 

Ye  that  stand  in  the  house  of 
the  LORD,  *  in  the  courts  of  the 
house  of  our  God  : 

Praise  the  LORD,  for  the  LORD 
is  good :  *  sing  praises  unto  His 
Name,  for  it  is  pleasant. 

For  the  LORD  hath  chosen  Jacob 
unto  Himself,  and  Israel  for 

His  peculiar  treasure. 

For  I  know  that  the  LORD  is 
great,  *  and  that  our  Lord  is  above 
all  gods. 


Whatsoever  the  LORD  pleased, 
that  did  He  in  heaven  and  in 
earth,  *  in  the  seas,  and  all  deep 
places  : 

Causing  the  vapours  to  ascend 
from  the  ends  of  the  earth :  * 
He  maketh  lightnings  for  the  rain ; 

He  bringeth  the  wind  out  of 
His  treasures.  *  He  smote  the 
first-born  of  Egypt,  from  man  even 
unto  beast. 

He  sent  tokens  and  wonders 
into  the  midst  of  thee,  O  Egypt, 
*  upon  Pharaoh  and  upon  all  his 
servants. 

He  smote  great  nations,  *  and 
slew  mighty  kings. 

3  Sihon,  king  of  the  Amorites, 
and  Og,  king  of  Bashan,  *  and 
all  the  kingdoms  of  Canaan. 

And  gave  their  land  for  an 
heritage,  *  an  heritage  unto  Israel 
His  people. 

Thy  Name,  O  LORD,  endureth  for 
ever !  *  Thy  memorial,  O  LORD, 
throughout  all  generations  ! 

For  the  LORD  will  judge  His 
people,  *  and  will  repent  Himself 
concerning  His  servants. 

The  idols  of  the  heathen  are 
silver  and  gold,  *  the  work  of 
men's  hands. 

A  mouth  have  they,  but  they 
speak  not :  *  eyes  have  they,  but 
they  see  not. 

Ears  have  they,  but  they  hear 
not :  *  neither  is  there  any  breath 
in  their  mouths. 

Let  them  that  make  them  be 
made  like  unto  them,  *  and  every 
one  that  trusteth  in  them. 


1  The  reference   is   to    the  unction   of  Aaron  with  holy  chrism    at    his   consecration, 
described  in  Lev.   viii.    12. 

2  Probably  not  the  mountain  at  Jerusalem,  but  one  of  the  chain  of  Hermon,  which  is 
once  mentioned  elsewhere.     Deut.  iv.  48. 

3  Sihon,  a  king  of  the  Amorites,  reigning  in  Heshbon  ;  Og,  a  giant,  king  of  Bashan. 
They  were  both  defeated  and  slain  by  the  Israelites.     Num.  xxi. 


VESPERS,   OR    EVENSONG. 


195 


Bless  the  LORD,  O  house  of 
Israel !  *  bless  the  LORD,  O  house 
of  Aaron  ! 

Bless  the  LORD,  O  house  of 
Levi  !  *  ye  that  fear  the  LORD, 
bless  the  LORD  ! 

Blessed  be  the  LORD  out  of 
Zion,  *  Which  dwelleth  at  Jeru 
salem  ! 

[The  Hebrew  adds  "Alleluia/"'  which 
the  Vulgate  places  at  the  beginning  of 
the  next  Psalm.] 

Antiphon.  Whatsoever  the  LORD 
pleased,  that  did  He. 

Fourth  Antiphon.  For  His 
mercy. 

Psalm  CXXXV. 

[It  is  not  improbable  that  this  Psalm  was 
sung  at  the  Dedication  of  the  Temple,  for, 
in  2  Par.  (Chron.)  vii.  3,  it  is  said  that  when 
the  congregation  on  that  occasion  saw  the 
fire  miraculously  descending  upon  the  sac 
rifice,  "they  bowed  themselves  with  their 
faces  to  the  ground  upon  the  pavement,  and 
worshipped,  and  praised  '  the  LORD,  for  He 
is  good,  for  His  mercy  endureth  for  ever.'  " 
It  looks  very  like  a  continuation  of  the  song 
given  by  David  to  certain  singers,  I  Par. 
(Chron.)  xvi.  7,  especially  as  it  is  afterwards 
said  that  some  of  them  were  chosen  "to  give 
thanks  to  the  LORD,  because  His  mercy 
endureth  for  ever."  Some  consider  that 
the  latter  verses  refer  to  the  return  from  the 
captivity,  but  these  may  be  an  addition.] 

OGIVE  thanks  unto  the  LORD, 
for  He  is  good !  *  for  His 
mercy  endureth  for  ever. 

O  give  thanks  unto  the  God  of 
gods !  *  for  His  mercy  endureth 
for  ever. 

O  give  thanks  to  the  Lord  of 
lords  !  *  for  His  mercy  endureth 
for  ever. 

To  Him  Who  Alone  doeth  great 
wonders — *  for  His  mercy  endureth 
for  ever. 

To  Him  That  by  wisdom  made  the 

VOL.   III. 


heavens — *  for  His  mercy  endureth 
for  ever. 

To  Him  That  spread  out  the 
earth  above  the  waters — *  for  His 
mercy  endureth  for  ever. 

To  Him  That  made  great  lights 

—  *   for    His    mercy    endureth    for 
ever. 

The  sun  to  rule  by  day  —  *  for 
His  mercy  endureth  for  ever. 

The  moon  and  stars  to  rule  by 
night — *  for  His  mercy  endureth  for 
ever. 

To  Him  That  smote  Egypt  in  their 
first-born — *  for  His  mercy  endureth 
for  ever. 

To  Him  That  brought  out  Israel 
from  among  them — *  for  His  mercy 
endureth  for  ever. 

With  a  strong  hand  and  with  a 
stretched  out  arm — *  for  His  mercy 
endureth  for  ever. 

To  Him  That  divided  the  Red 
Sea  into  parts  —  *  for  His  mercy 
endureth  for  ever. 

And  made  Israel  to  pass  through 
the  midst  of  it  —  *  for  His  mercy 
endureth  for  ever. 

But  overthrew  Pharaoh  and  his 
host  in  the  Red  Sea  —  *  for  His 
mercy  endureth  for  ever. 

To  Him  That  led  His  people 
through  the  wilderness — *  for  His 
mercy  endureth  for  ever. 

To  Him  That  smote  great  kings 

—  *    for    His    mercy  endureth    for 
ever. 

And  slew  mighty  kings — *  for  His 
mercy  endureth  for  ever. 

Sihon,     king     of     the     Amorites 

—  *  for    His    mercy   endureth    for 
ever. 

And    Og,    the    king    of    Bashan 

—  *    for    His    mercy   endureth    for 
ever. 

And  gave  their  land  for  an  heri- 
G  2 


THE   PSALTER. 


tage — *  for  His  mercy  endureth  for 
ever. 

Even  an  heritage  unto  Israel  His 
servant — *  for  His  mercy  endureth 
for  ever. 

Who  remembered  us  in  our  low 
estate — *  for  His  mercy  endureth 
for  ever. 

And  hath  redeemed  us  from  our 
enemies — *  for  His  mercy  endureth 
for  ever. 

Who  giveth  food  to  all  flesh — 
*  for  His  mercy  endureth  for  ever. 

O  give  thanks  unto  the  God  of 
heaven  !  *  for  His  mercy  endureth 
for  ever. 

O  give  thanks  unto  the  Lord  of 
lords !  *  for  His  mercy  endureth  for 
ever. 


If  I  forget  thee,  O  Jerusalem,  *  let 
my  right  hand  forget  her  cunning — 

Let  my  tongue  cleave  to  the  roof 
of  my  mouth,  *  if  I  do  not  remember 
thee,— 

If  I  prefer  not  Jerusalem  *  above 
my  chief  joy. 

Remember,  O  LORD,  the  chil 
dren  of  Edom,  *  in  the  day  of 
Jerusalem  : 

Who  said  :  Rase  it,  rase  it  *  even 
to  the  foundation  thereof. 

O  daughter  of  Babylon,  doomed 
to  destruction,  *  happy  shall  he  be 
that  rewardeth  thee,  as  thou  hast 
served  us  ! 

Happy  shall  he  be  that  taketh,  * 
and  dasheth  thy  little  ones  against 
the  rock. 


Antiphon.  For  His  mercy  en 
dureth  for  ever. 

Fifth  Antiphon.  Sing  us  one  of 
the  songs. 


Antiphon.  Sing  us  one  of  the 
songs  of  Zion. 

Antiphon  in  Paschal  time.  Alle 
luia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 


Psalm  CXXXVI. 

[The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  connect  this 
Psalm  with  the  name  of  Jeremiah.  They 
also  style  it  a  Psalm  of  David,  the  apparent 
meaning  of  which  would  seem  to  be  that  it 
was  composed  in  imitation  of  his  poems.] 

T)  Y  the  rivers  of  Babylon,  there  we 
U  sat  down,  yea,  we  wept,  *  when 
we  remembered  Zion. 

We  hung  our  harps  upon  the 
willows  *  in  the  midst  thereof. 

For  there  they  that  carried  us 
away  captive  required  of  us  "  a 
song; 

And  they  that  had  taken  us 
said  :  *  Sing  us  one  of  the  songs 
of  Zion. 

How  shall  we  sing  the  LORD'S 
song  *  in  a  strange  land? 


HYMN.1 

OGOD,  Who  hast  given 
The  sea  and  the  sky, 
To  fish  and  to  bird 
For  a  dwelling  to  keep, 
Both  sons  of  the  waters 
One  low  and  one  high, 
Ambitious  of  heaven, 
Or  sunk  in  the  deep  ; 

Save,  Lord,  Thy  servants, 
Whom  Thou  hast  new  made 
In  a  laver  of  blood 
Lest  they  trespass  and  die  ; 
Lest  pride  should  elate, 
Or  sin  should  degrade, 
And  they  stumble  on  earth 
Or  be  dizzied  on  high. 

To  the  Father,  and  Son, 
And  the  Spirit  be  done, 
Now  and  always, 
Glorv  and  Praise.  Amen. 


1  Hymn   of  the   Ambrosian    school,   slightly   altered  ;    translation   by   the    late   Card! 
Newman. 


VESPERS,   OR   EVENSONG. 


197 


Antipkon  at  the  Song  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin.  O  God,  *  show  strength  with 
Thine  arm  :  put  down  the  mighty, 
and  exalt  them  of  low  degree. 

Commemoration  of  the  Cross  before 
the  other  general  Commemorations  and 
Long  Preces  in  Advent  and  Lent,  and 
on  Fast- days,  as  on  Monday. 


JFrtliag, 

THE  SIXTH  DAY  OF  THE  WEEK. 

All  as  on  Sunday,  except  as  otherwise 
given  here. 

The  Psalms  are  as  follows : 
Antiphon.     Behold  the  Angels. 

In  Paschal  time  only  one  Antiphon  is 
said,  Alleluia. 

Psalm  CXXXVII. 

[Intituled  "Of  David,"  to  which  the 
LXX.  adds  "of  Haggai  and  Zechariah," 
the  meaning  apparently  being  that  it  was 
his  composition,  but  that  they  made  some 
special  regulation  as  to  its  use.] 

T  WILL  praise  Thee,  O  Lord,  with 
-*•  my  whole  heart :  *  because 
Thou  hast  heard  the  words  of  my 
mouth. 

Before  the  Angels  will  I  sing 
praise  unto  Thee.  *  I  will  worship 
toward  Thine  holy  temple,  and 
praise  Thy  Name. 

For  Thy  loving-kindness,  and  for 
Thy  truth  :  *  for  Thou  hast  mag 
nified  Thine  holy  Name  above 
every  name. 

In  whatsoever  day  I  call  upon 
Thee,  answer  me :  *  Thou  wilt 
strengthen  my  soul  exceedingly. 

Let   all   the    kings    of   the    earth 


praise  Thee,  O  LORD,  *  for  they 
have  heard  all  the  words  of  Thy 
mouth. 

Yea,  let  them  sing  of  the  ways  of 
the  LORD  :  *  that  great  is  the  glory 
of  the  LORD. 

For  the  LORD  is  high,  yet  hath 
He  respect  unto  the  lowly  :  *  but 
the  proud  He  knoweth  from  afar. 

Though  I  walk  in  the  midst  of 
trouble  Thou  wilt  revive  me  :  * 
Thou  shalt  stretch  forth  Thine  hand 
against  the  wrath  of  mine  enemies, 
and  Thy  right  hand  shall  save  me. 

The  LORD  will  give  recompense 
on  my  behalf:  *  Thy  mercy,  O 
LORD,  endureth  for  ever :  forsake 
not  the  works  of  Thine  own  hands. 

Antiphon.  Before  the  Angels 
will  I  sing  praise  unto  Thee,  O 
my  God. 

Second  Antiphon.     O  LORD. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used  the  Psalm 
commences  with  the  words,  "  Thou  hast 
searched  me." 

Psalm  CXXXVII  I. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David,"  with  a 
musical  (?)  direction,  the  meaning  of  which 
is  not  now  certain.] 

C\  LORD,  Thou  hast  searched 
^-^  me,  and  known  me  :  *  Thou 
knowest  my  down-sitting  and  mine 
up-rising : 

Thou  understandest  my  thoughts 
afar  off.  *  Thou  searchest  my  path, 
and  my  line, 

And  art  acquainted  with  all  my 
ways  :  *  before  there  is  a  word  on 
my  tongue. 

Lo,  O  LORD,  Thou  knowest  all 
things  both  new  and  old  :  *  Thou 
hast  made  me,  and  laid  Thine  hand 
upon  me. 


198 


THE    PSALTER. 


Such  knowledge  is  too  wonderful 
for  me  :  *  it  is  high,  and  I  cannot 
attain  unto  it. 

Whither  shall  I  go  from  Thy 
Spirit?  *  or  whither  shall  I  flee 
from  Thy  presence? 

If  I  ascend  up  into  heaven,  Thou 
are  there  :  *  if  I  go  down  into  hell, 
Thou  art  there. 

If  I  take  the  wings  of  the  morn 
ing,  *  and  dwell  in  the  uttermost 
parts  of  the  sea; — 

Even  there  shall  Thine  hand  lead 
me,  *  and  Thy  right  hand  shall  hold 
me. 

If  I  say  :  Surely  the  darkness 
shall  cover  me :  *  even  the  night 
shall  be  light  about  me  in  my 
pleasures. 

For  the  darkness  is  not  darkness 
to  Thee :  and  the  night  shineth  as 
the  day :  *  the  darkness  and  the 
light  to  Thee  are  both  alike. 

For  Thou  didst  form  my  reins  : 
*  Thou  hast  upholden  me  from 
my  mother's  womb. 

I  will  praise  Thee,  for  Thy  great 
ness  is  terrible :  *  marvellous  are 
Thy  works  :  and  that  my  soul 
knoweth  right  well. 

My  bones  were  not  hid  from 
Thee,  when  Thou  madest  me  in 
secret :  *  nor  my  substance  in  the 
lower  parts  of  the  earth. 

Thine  eyes  beheld  my  substance 
yet  being  imperfect  :  and  in  Thy 
book  all  were  written  :  *  day  by  day 
were  they  to  be  fashioned,  when  as 
yet  there  was  none  of  them. 

But  to  me,  O  God,  Thy  friends 
are  exceeding  honourable :  *  their 
power  is  waxen  right  strong. 

If  I  should  count  them,  they  are 
more  in  number  than  the  sand  :  *  I 
arose,  and  am  still  with  Thee. 


Surely  Thou  wilt  slay  the  wicked, 
O  God  :  *  depart  from  me,  ye  bloody 
men. 

For  ye  say  in  thought :  *  In 
vain  shall  Thy  people  take  Thy 
cities. 

Do  not  I  hate  them,  O  LORD, 
that  hate  Thee?  *  and  am  not  I 
grieved  at  those  that  rise  up  against 
Thee  ? 

I  hate  them  with  perfect  hatred  : 
*  they  are  to  me  as  enemies. 

Search  me,  O  God,  and  know 
mine  heart :  *  try  me  and  know  my 
thoughts. 

And  see  if  there  be  any  wicked 
way  in  me :  *  and  lead  me  in  the 
way  everlasting. 

Antiphon.     O   LORD,   Thou   hast 
searched  me  and  known  me. 
Third  Antiphon.     Preserve  me. 


Psalm  CXXXIX. 

[Intitnled  "A  Psalm  of  David,"  with  the 
same  musical  (?)  direction  as  before.] 

DELIVER  me,  O  LORD,  from 
the  evil  man  :  *  preserve  me 
from  the  wicked  man  : 

Which  imagine  mischiefs  in  their 
heart :  *  continually  are  they  gath 
ered  together  for  war. 

They  have  sharpened  their  tongues 
like  a  serpent :  *  adders'  poison  is 
under  their  lips.1 

Keep  me,  O  LORD,  from  the  hands 
of  the  wicked  :  *  and  preserve  me 
from  the  evil  man  : 

Who  purpose  to  overthrow  my 
goings.  *  The  proud  have  hid  a 
snare  for  me : 

And  spread  a  net  with  cords  :  * 
by  the  way-side  have  they  set  a  trap 
for  me.1 


1  SLH. 


VESPERS,   OR    EVENSONG. 


199 


I  said  unto  the  LORD  :  Thou  art 
my  God  :  *  hear  the  voice  of  my 
supplication,  O  LORD  ! 

0  LORD,  my  Lord,  Thou  Strength 
of  my  salvation,  *  Thou  hast  covered 
mine  head  in  the  day  of  battle  ! 

Give  me  not  up,  O  LORD,  to  the 
desires  of  the  wicked :  *  they  take 
counsel  together  against  me  :  forsake 
me  not,  lest  they  exalt  themselves.1 

As  for  the  head  of  those  that 
compass  me  about,  *  let  the  mis 
chief  of  their  own  lips  cover  them. 

Let  burning  coals  fall  upon  them  ; 
let  them  be  cast  into  the  fire :  *  when 
they  are  in  trouble  they  will  not  be 
able  to  stand. 

An  evil-speaker  shall  not  prosper 
in  the  earth  :  *  evil  shall  hunt  the 
wicked  man,  to  overthrow  him. 

1  know  that  the  LORD  will  main 
tain  the  cause  of  the  afflicted,  *  and 
will  revenge  the  poor. 

Surely  the  righteous  shall  give 
thanks  unto  Thy  Name ;  *  and  the 
upright  shall  dwell  in  Thy  presence. 

Antiphon.  Preserve  me,  O  Lord, 
from  the  wicked  man. 

Fourth  Antiphon.     LORD. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used,  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words,  "  I  cry  unto 
Thee." 

Psalm  CXL. 
[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David."] 

T  ORD,  I  cry  unto  Thee:  hear 
••— '  me  !  *  give  ear  unto  my  voice 
when  I  cry  unto  Thee. 

1  SLH. 

2  The  Targum  is,   "They  are  torn  away  from  the  house  of  instruction  by  the  strong 
hands  of  their  judges."     The  Syriac,  "And  their  judges  are  crushed  by  the  strong  hand." 
Messrs  Jennings  and  Lowe  render,  "When  their  judges  have  been  thrown  down  the  sides 
of  the  rock,  then  they  shall  hear  my  words  as  welcome;"    and  continue,    "When   the 
usurping  rulers  have  been  deposed,  and  the  disappointed  rabble  has   executed  its  ven 
geance  on  them,  it  shall  bethink  it  again  of  David's  divinely  constituted  authority,  and 
gladly  recall   him  to  the   throne.     This  is  the  only  rational  interpretation  of  the  verse. 
For  the  mode  of  punishment  mentioned,  cf.  2.  Chron.   xxv.    12,   Luke  iv.   29." 


Let  my  prayer  be  set  forth  as  in 
cense  before  Thee  :  *  the  lifting-up 
of  mine  hands  as  the  evening  sacri 
fice. 

Set  a  watch,  O  LORD,  before  my 
mouth  :  *  keep  the  door  of  my  lips. 

Incline  not  mine  heart  to  any  evil 
word,  *  to  excuse  myself  in  my  sins, 

With  men  that  work  wickedness ; 

*  and  let  me  not  eat  of  their  dainties. 

Let  the  righteous  smite  me  in 
kindness  :  and  let  him  reprove  me  : 

*  but  the  oil  of  the  wicked  shall  not 
anoint  mine  head : 

For  yet  my  prayer  shall  be  against 
their  lusts.  *  2  Their  judges  shall 
be  left  [to  their  fate  beside]  in  the 
hands  of  the  rock  : 

[And]  they  [that  have  wreaked 
their  vengeance  on  them]  shall  hear 
my  words,  that  they  are  mighty.  * 
Like  clods  of  earth  broken  by  the 
ploughman, 

So  are  our  bones  scattered  at  the 
grave's  mouth.  *  But  mine  eyes  are 
unto  Thee,  O  LORD,  my  Lord  :  in 
Thee  is  my  trust,  leave  not  my  life 
to  destruction. 

Keep  me  from  the  snare  which 
they  have  laid  for  me,  *  and  the  gins 
of  the  workers  of  iniquity. 

The  wicked  shall  fall  into  their 
own  net ;  *  as  for  me,  I  dwell  alone, 
until  I  depart  hence. 

Antiphon.  LORD,  I  cry  unto  Thee, 
hear  me. 

Fifth  Antiphon.  O  Lord,  let  my 
portion. 


200 


THE   PSALTER. 


Psalm  CXLI. 

[Intituled  "  A  didactic  (?)  Psalm  of  David. 
A  Prayer  when  he  was  in  the  cave,"  namely, 
on  the  same  occasion  as  that  on  which  he 
wrote  Psalm  Ivi.  See  note  on  that  Psalm, 
p.  no.] 

I  CRIED  unto  the  LORD  with  my 
voice  :    *  with   my  voice  unto 
the  LORD  did  I  make  supplication. 

I  pour  out  my  complaint  before 
Him  :  *  before  Him  also  I  show  my 
trouble. 

When  my  spirit  faileth  from  me, 

*  then  Thou  knewest  my  path. 

In  the  way  wherein  I  walked  * 
have  they  privily  laid  a  snare  for  me. 

I  looked  on  the  right  hand,  and 
beheld :  *  but  there  was  no  man 
that  would  know  me  : 

Refuge  failed  me  :  *  and  no  man 
cared  for  my  soul. 

I  cried  unto  Thee,  O  LORD  !  *  I 
said  :  Thou  art  my  refuge,  and  my 
portion  in  the  land  of  the  living. 

Attend  unto  my  cry,  *  for  I  am 
brought  very  low  : 

Deliver  me  from  my  persecutors  : 

*  for  they  are  stronger  than  I. 

Bring  my  soul  out  of  prison,  that 
I  may  praise  Thy  Name  :  *  the 
righteous  wait  for  me,  till  Thou  deal 
bountifully  with  me. 

Antiphon.  O  Lord,  let  my  por 
tion  be  in  the  land  of  the  living. 

Antiphon  in  Paschal  time.  Alle 
luia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

HYMN.1 

WHOM  all  obey,— 
Maker  of  man  !   Who  from  Thy 

height 

Badest  the  dull  earth  bring  to  light 
All  creeping  things,  and  the  fierce  might 
Of  beasts  of  prey  ; — 


And  the  huge  make 
Of  wild  or  gentler  animal. 
Springing  from  nothing  at  Thy  call, 
To  serve  in  their  due  time,  and  all 

For  sinners'  sake  ; 

Shield  us  from  ill ! 
Come  it  by  passion's  sudden  stress, 
Lurk  in  our  mind's  habitual  dress, 
Or  through  our  actions  seek  to  press 

Upon  our  will. 

Vouchsafe  the  prize 
Of  sacred  joy's  perpetual  mood, 
And  service-seeking  gratitude, 
And  love  to  quell  each  strife  or  feud, 

If  it  arise. 

Grant  it,  O  Lord  ! 
To  Whom,  the  Father,  Only  Son, 
And  Holy  Spirit,  Three  in  One, 
In  heaven  and  earth  all  praise  be  done 

With  one  accord. 

Amen. 

Antiphon  at  the  Song  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin.  He  hath  put  down  the 
mighty,  *  that  persecute  His  Saints  : 
and  hath  exalted  them  of  low  degree, 
that  confess  His  Christ. 

Commemoration  of  the  Cross  before 
the  other  general  Commemorations •,  and 
Long  Preces  in  Advent  and  Lent,  and 
on  Fast- days,  as  on  Monday. 

Simple  Feasts.  If  the  Vespers  of  a 
Simple  Feast  be  kept  on  a  Friday,  the 
service  is  of  the  Feast  from  the  Chapter 
inclusive. 


Saturfcag* 

THE  SABBATH. 

All  as  on  Sunday,  except  as  otherwise 
given  here. 

The  Psalms  are  as  follows : 
Antiphon.     Blessed. 


.J  Hymn  of  the  Ambrosian  school,  considerably  altered  ;  translation  by  the  late  Card. 
Newman. 


VESPERS,    OR   EVENSONG. 


201 


If  this  Antiphon  be  used,  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words,  "  Be  the  LORD 
my  God." 

/;/  Paschal  time  only  one  Antiphon  is 
said,  Alleluia. 

Psalm  CXLIII. 

[Intituled  "  Of  David. "  The  Vulgate  and 
the  LXX.  add  "against  Goliath."] 

T3LESSED  be  the  LORD  my  God, 
*-*  Which  teacheth  mine  hands 
to  war,  *  and  my  fingers  to  fight. 

My  goodness,  and  my  fortress  :  * 
my  strength,  and  my  Deliverer  : 

My  shield,  and  He  in  Whom  I 
trust :  *  Who  subdueth  my  people 
under  me. 

LORD,  what  is  man,  that  Thou 
takest  knowledge  of  him  ?  *  or  the 
son  of  man,  that  Thou  makest  ac 
count  of  him  ? 

Man  is  like  to  vanity :  *  his  days 
are  as  a  shadow  that  passeth  away. 

Bow  Thy  heavens,  O  LORD,  and 
come  down  :  *  touch  the  mountains, 
and  they  shall  smoke. 

Cast  forth  the  bright  lightning, 
and  scatter  them  :  *  send  out 
Thine  arrows,  and  make  them  to 
quake. 

Send  Thine  hand  from  above : 
rid  me,  and  deliver  me  out  of  great 
waters,  *  from  the  hand  of  strange 
children  : 

Whose  mouth  speaketh  vanity  :  * 
and  their  right  hand  is  a  right  hand 
of  falsehood. 

I  will  sing  a  new  song  unto  Thee, 
O  God  ;  *  upon  a  psaltery  of  ten 
strings  will  I  sing  praises  unto 
Thee  : 

Who  hast  given  salvation  unto 
kings :  *  Who  deliveredst  David 
Thy  servant  from  the  hurtful  sword. 
Rid  me, 

And   deliver   me   from   the   hand 


of  strange  children,  whose  mouth 
speaketh  vanity  :  *  and  their  right 
hand  is  a  right  hand  of  falsehood  : 

Whose  sons  may  be  as  saplings 
grown  up  *  in  their  youth ; 

Their  daughters  decked  out,  * 
adorned  after  the  similitude  of  the 
temple : 

Their  garners  full,  *  affording 
stores  upon  store  : 

Their  sheep  fruitful  in  young, 
countless  in  their  pastures  :  *  their 
oxen  fat : 

There  is  no  breach  in  their  walls, 
nor  inroad  :  *  nor  wailing  in  their 
streets. 

Happy  is  that  people,  that  is  in 
such  a  case  :  *  happy  is  that  people 
whose  God  is  the  Lord. 

Antiphon.  Blessed  be  the  LORD 
my  God. 

Second  Antiphon.     Every  day. 

Psalm  CXLIV. 

[Intituled  "  David's  song  of  praise."  It  is 
ABC  Darian.] 

I  WILL  extol  Thee,  my  God,  O 
King !  *  and  I  will  bless  Thy 
name  for  ever  and  ever. 

Every  day  will  I  bless  Thee;  * 
and  I  will  praise  Thy  name  for  ever 
and  ever. 

Great  is  the  LORD,  and  greatly  to 
be  praised  :  *  and  His  greatness  is 
unsearchable. 

One  generation  shall  praise  Thy 
works  to  another,  *  and  shall  declare 
Thy  mighty  acts. 

They  shall  speak  of  the  glorious 
honour  of  Thy  Majesty,  *  and  tell  of 
Thy  wondrous  works. 

And  men  shall  speak  of  the  might 
of  Thy  terrible  acts,  *  and  declare 
Thy  greatness. 


202 


THE   PSALTER. 


They  shall  abundantly  utter  the 
record  of  Thy  great  goodness,  * 
and  shall  sing  of  Thy  righteous 
ness. 

The  LORD  is  gracious  and  full  of 
compassion  :  *  slow  to  anger  and  of 
great  mercy. 

The  LORD  is  good  to  all,  *  and 
His  tender  mercies  are  over  all  His 
works. 

May  all  Thy  works  praise  Thee, 
O  LORD  !  *  and  let  Thy  saints  bless 
Thee  ! 

They  shall  speak  of  the  glory  of 
Thy  kingdom,  *  and  talk  of  Thy 
power ; 

To  make  known  to  the  sons  of 
men  Thy  mighty  acts,  *  and  the 
glorious  majesty  of  Thy  king 
dom. 

Thy  kingdom  is  an  everlasting 
kingdom,  *  and  Thy  dominion 
endureth  throughout  all  genera 
tions  ! 

The  Lord  is  faithful  in  all  His 
words,  *  and  holy  in  all  His 
works. 

The  LORD  upholdeth  all  that  fall, 
*  and  raiseth  up  all  those  that  be 
bowed  down. 

The  eyes  of  all  wait  upon  Thee, 
O  Lord  !  *  and  Thou  givest  them 
their  meat  in  due  season. 

Thou  openest  Thine  hand,  *  and 
fillest  all  things  living  with  plenteous- 
ness. 

The  LORD  is  righteous  in  all 
His  ways,  *  and  holy  in  all  His 
works. 

The  LORD  is  nigh  unto  all  them 
that  call  upon  Him,  *  to  all  that  call 
upon  Him  in  truth. 

He  will  fulfil  the  desire  of  them 
that  fear  Him  :  *  He  also  will  hear 
their  cry  and  will  save  them. 

The    LORD    preserveth    all   them 


that  love  Him,  *  but  all  the  wicked 
will  He  destroy. 

My  mouth  shall  speak  the  praise 
of  the  LORD  ;  *  and  let  all  flesh 
bless  His  holy  Name  for  ever  and 
ever. 

Antiphon.  Every  day  will  I  bless 
Thee,  O  Lord. 

Third  Antiphon.     While  I  live. 

Psalm  CXLV. 

[To  this  Psalm  is  prefixed  "Alleluia." 
The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  connect  it  with 
the  names  of  Haggai  and  Zechariah.] 


the  LORD,  O  my  soul; 
while  I  live  will  I  praise  the 
LORD  :  *  I  will  sing  praises  unto  my; 
God  while  I  have  being. 

Put  not  your  trust  in  princes,  * 
in  the  son  of  man,  in  whom  is  no 
help. 

His  breath  goeth  forth,  and  he 
returneth  to  his  earth  :  *  in  that 
very  day  their  thoughts  perish. 

Happy  is  he  that  hath  the  God 
of  Jacob  for  his  help,  his  hope  is 
in  the  LORD  his  God  :  *  Who  made 
heaven  and  earth,  the  sea,  and  all 
that  therein  is  : 

Who  keepeth  truth  for  ever. 
Who  executeth  judgment  for  the 
oppressed  :  *  Who  giveth  food  to 
the  hungry. 

The  LORD  looseth  the  prisoners  : 
*  the  LORD  openeth  the  eyes  of  the 
blind  : 

The  LORD  raiseth  them  that  are 
bowed  down  :  *  the  LORD  loveth 
the  righteous  : 

The  LORD  preserveth  the  stran 
gers  ;  He  defendeth  the  fatherless 
and  widow  :  *  but  the  way  of  the 
wicked  He  will  turn  aside. 

The  LORD  shall  reign   for  ever  ! 


VESPERS,   OR   EVENSONG. 


203 


even   thy  God,  O  Zion,  *  unto  all 
generations  ! 

[The  Hebrew  adds  "  Alleluia,"  which 
the  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  prefix  to  the 
next  Psalm.] 

Antiphon.  While  I  live  will  I 
praise  the  LORD. 

Fourth  Antiphon.  Let  the  praise 
of  our  God. 


Psalm  CXLVI. 

[The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.,  as  stated, 
prefix  "Alleluia,"  and  the  LXX.  adds  "of 
Haggai  and  Zechariah."] 


ye  the  LORD,  for  it  is 
good  to  sing  praises  :  *  the 
praise  of  our  God  is  pleasant  and 
comely. 

The  LORD  doth  build  up  Jeru 
salem  :  *  He  gathereth  together 
the  outcasts  of  Israel. 

He  healeth  the  broken  in  heart,  * 
and  bindeth  up  their  wounds. 

He  telleth  the  number  of  the 
stars  ;  *  and  calleth  them  all  by 
their  names. 

Great  is  our  Lord,  and  of  great 
power  :  *  and  His  understanding  is 
infinite. 

The  LORD  lifteth  up  the  meek  ;  * 
but  He  casteth  the  wicked  down  to 
the  ground. 

Sing  unto  the  LORD  with  thanks 
giving  :  *  sing  praise  upon  the  harp 
unto  our  God. 

Who  covereth  the  heaven  with 
clouds  :  *  and  prepareth  rain  for  the 
earth, 

Who  maketh  grass  to  grow  upon 
the  mountains,  *  and  herbs  for  the 
service  of  men  : 

He  giveth  to  the  beast  his  food, 
*  and  to  the  young  ravens  which  cry 
unto  Him. 


He  delighteth  not  in  the  strength 
of  an  horse  ;  *  neither  taketh  He 
pleasure  ir>  the  legs  of  a  man. 

The  LORD  taketh  pleasure  in  them 
that  fear  Him,  *  and  in  those  that 
hope  in  His  mercy. 

Antiphon.  Let  the  praise  of  our 
God  be  pleasant. 

Fifth  Antiphon.     Praise  the  LORD. 

If  this  Antiphon  be  used  the  Psalm 
begins  with  the  words^  "  O  Jerusalem." 

Psalm  CXLVII. 

[In  the  Hebrew  this  is  the  continuation 
of  the  preceding  Psalm.  The  Vulgate  and 
the  LXX.  prefix  "Alleluia,"  and  the  LXX. 
adds  "of  Haggai  and  Zechariah."] 


the  LORD,  O  Jerusalem  ! 
*  praise  thy  God,  O  Zion  ! 

For  He  hath  strengthened  the 
bars  of  thy  gates  :  *  He  hath  blessed 
thy  children  within  thee  : 

He  maketh  peace  in  thy  borders  : 
*  and  filleth  thee  with  the  finest  of 
the  wheat. 

He  sendeth  forth  His  command 
ment  upon  earth  :  *  His  word  run 
neth  very  swiftly. 

He  giveth  snow  like  wool  :  *  He 
scattereth  the  hoar-frost  like  ashes. 

He  casteth  forth  His  ice  like 
morsels  :  *  who  can  stand  before 
His  cold? 

He  sendeth  out  His  word,  and 
melteth  them  :  *  He  causeth  His 
wind  to  blow,  and  the  waters  flow. 

He  declareth  His  word  unto 
Jacob,  *  His  statutes  and  His 
judgments  unto  Israel. 

He  hath  not  dealt  so  with  any 
nation  :  *  neither  hath  He  made 
known  to  them  His  judgments. 

[The  Hebrew  adds  "Alleluia,"  which 
the  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  prefix  to  the 
next  Psalm.] 


2O4 


THE    PSALTER. 


Antiphon.  Praise  the  LORD,  O 
Jerusalem. 

Antiphon  in  Paschal  time.  Alle 
luia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

From  Advent  Sunday  till  the  Octave 
oj  the  Epiphany, and  from  Septuagesima 
Sunday  till  the  Octave  of  Pentecost  spe 
cial  Chapters  are  given. 

At  other  times  the  following  is  said: 
CHAPTER.    (Rom.  xi.  33.) 

OTHE  depth  of  the  riches  and 
wisdom    and    knowledge    of 
God :    how    unsearchable    are    His 
judgments  and  His  ways  past  find 
ing  out ! 

The  following  Hymn  and  Verse  and 
Answer  is  used  during  the  same  seasons 
as  the  above  Chapter,  and  likewise  from 
Septuagesima  to  Lent. 

HYMN.1 

THE  red  sun  is  gone, 
Thou  Light  of  the  heart, 
Blessed  Three,  Holy  One, 
To  Thy  servants  a  sun 
Everlasting  impart. 

1  Hymn  of  the  Ambrosian  school,  altered 
the  late  Card.   Newman. 


There  were  Lauds  in  the  morn, 
Here  are  Vespers  at  even  : 
Oh,  may  we  adorn 
Thy  temple  new  born 
With  our  voices  in  Heaven. 

To  the  Father  be  praise, 
And  praise  to  the  Son, 
And  the  Spirit  always, 
While  the  infinite  days 
Of  eternity  run. 

Amen. 

Verse.  Let  the  evening  prayer 
ascend  unto  Thee,  O  Lord. 

Answer.  And  let  there  descend 
upon  us  Thy  mercy. 

The  following  Antiphon  is  said  only 
from  the  Octave  of  the  Epiphany  till 
Septuagesima. 

Antiphon  at  the  Song  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin.  God  hath  holpen  His  ser 
vant  Israel  :  *  as  He  spake  to 
Abraham  and  to  his  seed,  to  exalt 
them  of  low  degree  for  ever  and 
ever. 

Prayer  of  the  succeeding  Sunday. 
almost  beyond  recognition  ;    translation  by 


205 


COMPLINE.1 


©ffice  for  rterg  fcag  in  tlje 


At  the    beginning  of  Compline   the 
Reader  says  : 

Sir,  be  pleased  to  give  the  bless 
ing. 

The  Blessing. 

May  the  Almighty  Lord  grant  us 
a  quiet  night  and  a  perfect  end. 
Answer.     Amen. 

Then  is  read  this  Short  Lesson. 
SHORT  LESSON,    (i  Pet.  v.  8.) 

T3RETHREN,  be  sober,  be  vigil- 
•k*  ant :  because  your  adversary 
the  devil  as  a  roaring  lion  walketh 
about,  seeking  whom  he  may  devour: 
whom  resist  ye,  stedfast  in  the  faith. 
But  Thou,  O  Lord,  have  mercy 
upon  us. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 
Verse.     ^  2  Our  help  is   in   the 
Name  of  the  LORD. 

Answer.     Who  made  heaven  and 
earth. 

Then  the  Lord's  Prayer  is  said  in- 
audibly. , 


kingdom  come.  Thy  will  be  done 
on  earth,  as  it  is  in  heaven.  Give 
us  this  day  our  daily  bread.  And 
forgive  us  our  trespasses,  as  we  for 
give  them  that  trespass  against  us. 
And  lead  us  not  into  temptation ; 
but  deliver  us  from  evil.  Amen. 

After  this  is  said  the  General  Confes 
sion  and  Absolution. 

T  CONFESS  to  God  Almighty,  to 
^  the  Blessed  Mary,  always  a 
Virgin,  to  the  Blessed  Michael  the 
Archangel,  to  the  Blessed  John  the 
Baptist,  to  the  Holy  Apostles  Peter 
and  Paul,  and  to  all  the  Saints,  that 
I  have  sinned  exceedingly  in  thought, 
word,  and  deed,  by  my  fault,  by  my 
fault,  by  my  most  grievous  fault. 
Therefore  I  beseech  the  Blessed 
Mary,  always  a  Virgin,  the  Blessed 
Michael  the  Archangel,  the  Blessed 
John  the  Baptist,  the  Holy  Apostles 
Peter  and  Paul,  and  all  the  Saints,  to 
pray  to  the  Lord  our  God  for  me. 

The  Absolution. 

A  LMIGHTY    God    have    mercy 
•^T*-      on    us,    forgive    us    our   sins, 
and  bring  us  to  life  everlasting. 
Answer.     Amen. 


R  Father,  Who  art  in  heaven, 
Hallowed  be  Thy  Name.    Thy 

Compline  (Completorium)  is  the  last  office  of  the  Church,  and  is  proper  to  the  end  of 
the  evening  before  going  to  bed,  reckoned  to  be  about  9  p.m.,  but  it  may  be  said  any  time 

thus  forming  the  com 
ion  that  the  "Evening 
2  ps   cxx{{{f  §_ 


"S    *"•*«—    j., fe    -~     ^v,v*,     «.v.v,«.v^ii^,_t.     iw     u^    enjoin,    y    p.lll.,     UUL    1L    Illciy     UC    bclIU    illl^ 

betore  midnight.      It  is  very  frequently  recited  along  with  Vespers,  thus  forming  the  com 
plete  Evening  Service  of  the  Church,  and  it  is  from  this  aggregati™  fli"f  f^~  "  T?" 
Prayer  "  of  the  Anglican  Prayer  Book  is  derived. 


206 


THE    PSALTER. 


^  TV  /\  AY  the  Almighty  and  mer- 

^  -*•  ciful  Lord  grant  us  pardon, 
absolution,  and  remission  of  all  our 
sins. 

Answer,     Amen. 

Verse.  l  Turn  us,  O  God  of  our 
salvation. 

Answer.  And  cause  Thine  anger 
toward  us  to  cease. 

Verse.  ^  Make  haste,  O  God,  to 
deliver  me. 

Answer.  Make  haste  to  help  me, 
O  LORD. 

Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and  to  the 
Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

As  it  was  in  the  beginning,  is  now, 
and  ever  shall  be,  world  without  end. 
Amen.  Alleluia. 

From  the  Saturday  before  Septua- 
gesima  Sunday  to  Maundy  Thursday 
instead  of  "  Alleluia"  is  said: 

Ceaseless  praise  to  Thee  be  given, 
O  Eternal  King  of  heaven. 

Then  follow  the  Psalms.  They  are 
all  said  under  one  Antiphon. 

Antiphon.      Have  mercy. 
Antiphon  in  Paschal  time.     Alle 
luia. 

Psalm  IV. 

[Intituled  "A  Psalm  of  David,"  with  a 
musical  (?)  direction  of  (now)  uncertain 
meaning.] 

WHEN  I  called,  the  God  of  my 
righteousness  heard  me  :   * 
Thou  hast  enlarged  me  when  I  was 
in  distress  : 

Have  mercy  upon  me,  *  and  hear 
my  prayer. 

O  ye  sons  of  men,  how  long 
will  ye  be  dull  of  heart?  *  Why 
will  ye  love  vanity,  and  seek  after 
leasing  ?  2 

1  Ps.  Ixxxiv.  5. 


But  know  that  the  LORD  hath  set 
apart  for  Himself  him  that  is  holy  : 

*  the   LORD  will  hear  me  when   I 
call  unto  Him. 

Be  ye  angry  and  sin  not :  *  what 
ye  speak  in  your  heart,  repent  upon 
your  bed.2 

Offer  the  sacrifices  of  righteous 
ness,  and  put  your  trust  in  the  LORD. 

*  There  be  many  that  say :  Who  will 
show  us  any  good  ? 

LORD,  Thou  hast  set  upon  us  the 
light  of  Thy  countenance.  *  Thou 
hast  put  gladness  in  my  heart, 

More  than  in  the  time  that 
their  corn,  and  wine,  and  oil  * 
increased. 

I  will  both  lay  me  down  in  peace, 

*  and  sleep, 

For  Thou,  LORD,  only  *  makest 
me  to  dwell  in  safety. 

Psalm  XXX. 

[The  first  eight  verses  of  Psalm  xxx.,  p. 
76.] 

IN  Thee,  O  LORD,  do  I  put  my 
trust,  let  me  never  be  asham 
ed  ;  *  deliver  me  in  Thy  righteous 
ness. 

Bow  down  Thine  ear  to  me,  * 
deliver  me  speedily. 

Be  Thou  to  me  a  God,  a  Pre 
server,  and  an  house  of  defence,  * 
to  save  me. 

For  Thou  art  my  strength  and 
my  refuge,  *  and  for  Thy  Name's 
sake  Thou  wilt  lead  me  and  nourish 
me. 

Thou  wilt  pull  me  out  of  the  net, 
that  they  have  laid  privily  for  me, 

*  for  Thou  art  my  Preserver. 
Into  Thine  hands  I  commend  my 

spirit :  *  Thou  hast  redeemed  me, 
O  LORD  God  of  truth  ! 
2  SLH. 


COMPLINE. 


207 


Psalm  XC. 

[The  Vulgate  and  the  LXX.  give  the 
heading,  "A  Psalm  of  praise  of  David."] 

HE  that  dwelleth  in  the  help  of 
the  Most  High,  *  shall  abide 
under   the   shadow   of  the   God    of 
heaven. 

He  will  say  to  the  LORD  :  Thou 
art  my  refuge,  and  my  fortress,  * 
my  God,  in  Him  will  I  trust. 

For  He  shall  deliver  me  from  the 
snare  of  the  fowler,  *  and  from  the 
noisome  pestilence. 

He  shall  cover  thee  with  His 
wings,  *  and  under  His  feathers 
shalt  thou  trust : 

His  truth  shall  be  thy  shield.  * 
Thou  shalt  not  be  afraid  for  the 
terror  by  night; 

For  the  arrow  that  flieth  by  day, 
for  the  pestilence  that  walketh  in 
darkness,  *  for  the  evil  spirit  that 
wasteth  at  noon-day. 

A  thousand  shall  fall  at  thy  side, 
and  ten  thousand  at  thy  right 
hand  :  *  but  it  shall  not  come 
nigh  thee. 

Yea,  with  thine  eyes  shalt  thou 
behold :  *  and  see  the  reward  of 
the  wicked. 

Because  Thou,  O  LORD,  art  my 
trust :  *  thou  hast  made  the  Most 
High  thy  refuge. 

There  shall  no  evil  befall  thee,  * 
neither  shall  any  plague  come  nigh 
thy  dwelling. 

For  He  hath  given  His  Angels 
charge  over  thee,  *  to  keep  thee  in 
all  thy  ways  : 

They  shall  bear  thee  up  in  their 
hands,  *  lest  haply  thou  dash  thy 
foot  against  a  stone. 


Thou  shalt  tread  upon  the  adder 
and  the  cockatrice  :  *  the  lion  also 
and  the  dragon  shalt  thou  trample 
under  feet. 

Because  he  hath  set  his  trust 
upon  Me,  therefore  will  I  deliver 
him  :  *  I  will  defend  him  because 
he  hath  known  My  Name. 

He  shall  call  upon  Me,  and  I  will 
answer  him  :  *  I  am  with  him  in 
trouble :  I  will  deliver  him  and 
glorify  him. 

With  long  life  will  I  satisfy  him  : 
*  and  show  him  My  salvation. 

Psalm  CXXXIII. 
[Intituled  "A  Song  of  Degrees."] 

T3EHOLD  now,  bless  ye  the 
<•"*  LORD,  *  all  ye  servants  of  the 
LORD. 

Which  stand  in  the  house  of  the 
LORD,  *  even  in  the  courts  of  the 
house  of  our  God, 

By  night.  Lift  up  your  hands 
toward  the  sanctuary,  *  and  bless 
the  LORD. 

The  LORD  That  made  heaven 
and  earth,  *  bless  thee  out  of 
Zion ! 

Antiphon,  1  Have  mercy  upon 
me,  O  Lord,  and  hear  my  prayer. 

Antiphon  in  Paschal  time.  Al 
leluia,  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Then  is  said  the  following : 

HYMN.2 

1\J  OW  that  the  day-light  dies  away, 
1  ~      By  all  Thy  grace  and  love, 
Thee,  Maker  of  the  world,  we  pray 
To  watch  our  bed  above. 


1  Ps.  iv.  2. 

2  Hymn  of  the  Ambrosian  school,  very  slightly  altered  ;  translation  by  the  late  Card. 
Newman. 


208 


THE   PSALTER. 


Let  dreams  depart  and  phantoms  fly, 

The  offspring  of  the  night, 
Keep  us,  like  shrines,  beneath  Thine 
eye, 

Pure  in  our  foes'  despite. 

This  grace  on  Thy  redeemed  confer, 

Father,  Co-equal  Son, 
And  Holy  Ghost,  the  Comforter, 

Eternal  Three  in  One. 

Amen. 

The  last  verse  is  sometimes  said  thus, 
altered  in  honour  of  the  Incarnation  : 

JESU,  the  Virgin-born,  to  Thee 

Eternal  praise  be  given, 
With  Father,  Spirit,  One  and  Three, 

Here  as  it  is  in  heaven. 

Amen. 

In  Paschal  time  it  is  said  thus,  al 
tered  in  honour  of  the  Resurrection  : 

To  Father,  Son,  and  Paraclete, 

The  slain  and  risen  Son, 
Be  praise  and  glory,  as  is  meet, 

While  endless  ages  run. 

Amen. 

//  is  also  occasionally  otherwise  al 
tered,  which  occasions  are  marked  in 
their  places. 

Then  folloius  the 
CHAPTER.    (Jer.  xiv.  9.) 

YET  Thou,   O  LORD,  art  in  the 
midst  of  us,  and  Thine  holy 
Name  is  called  upon  us  :x  leave  us 
not,  O  Lord  our  God. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

Then  the  Short  Responsory. 

2  Into  Thine  hands,  O  Lord,  I 
commend  my  spirit. 

1  The  allusion  seems  to  be  to  the  invocation  of  the  Name  upon  Israel  by  the  Priests, 
Numb.  vi.  22.     "And  the  LORD  spake  unto  Moses,  saying  :  Speak  unto  Aaron,  and  unto 
his  sons,  saying,  On  this  wise  shall  ye  bless  the  children  of  Israel,  saying  unto  them — The 
LORD  bless  thee  and  keep  thee  ;  the  LORD  make  His  face  shine  upon  thee,  and  be  gracious 
unto  thee  ;  the  LORD  lift  up  His  countenance  upon  thee,  and  give  thee  peace— and  they 
shall  put  My  Name  upon  the  children  of  Israel ;  and  I  will  bless  them. " 

2  Ps.  xxx.  6.  3  Ps.  xvi.  8. 


Answer.  Into  Thine  hands,  O 
Lord,  I  commend  my  spirit. 

Verse.  Thou  hast  redeemed  us, 
O  LORD  God  of  truth. 

Answer.     I  commend  my  spirit. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  Into  Thine  hands,  O 
Lord,  I  commend  my  spirit. 

Verse.  3  Keep  us,  O  Lord,  as 
the  apple  of  the  eye. 

Answer.  Hide  us  under  the 
shadow  of  Thy  wings. 

From  the  Saturday  after  Easter  in 
clusive  to  the  Saturday  after  Pentecost 
exclusive,  the  above  is  said  thus : 

Into  Thine  hands,  O  Lord,  I  com 
mend  my  spirit.  Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Answer.  Into  Thine  hands,  O 
Lord,  I  commend  my  spirit.  Al 
leluia,  Alleluia. 

Verse.  Thou  hast  redeemed  us, 
O  LORD  God  of  truth. 

Answer.     Alleluia,  Alleluia. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  Into  Thine  hands,  O 
Lord,  I  commend  my  spirit.  Alle 
luia,  Alleluia. 

Verse.  Keep  us,  O  Lord,  as  the 
apple  of  the  eye.  Alleluia. 

Answer.  Hide  us  under  the 
shadow  of  Thy  wings.  Alleluia. 

Then  is  said  the  following  Canticle 
from  the  Gospel,  with  its  Antiphon. 

Antiphon.      O  Lord,  keep  us. 


COMPLINE. 


209 


THE  SONG  OF  SIMEON.    (Luke  ii.  29.) 

[Uttered  by  Simeon  at  the  presentation 
of  our  LORD  in  the  Temple.  "  Then  took 
he  Him  up  in  his  arms,  and  blessed  God, 
and  said  : — "] 

T  ORD,  now  lettest  Thou  Thy 
•*-«*  servant  depart  in  peace,  * 
according  to  Thy  word  : 

For  mine  eyes  have  seen  *  Thy 
Salvation, 

Which  Thou  hast  prepared  * 
before  the  face  of  all  people ; 

A  Light  to  lighten  the  Gentiles, 
''  and  the  glory  of  Thy  people 
Israel. 

The  Doxology,  "Glory  be  to  the 
Father,  &c.,"  is  said. 

Antiphon.  O  Lord,  keep  us 
waking,  guard  us  sleeping :  that 
we  may  wake  with  Christ  and  rest 
in  peace. 

In  Paschal  time,  "Alleluia." 

Then  follow  these  short  prayers,  called 
the  Preces.  They  are  omitted  on  Doubles 
and  within  Octaves,  hi  Advent,  Lent, 
and  the  Ember  Days  they  are  said 
kneeling. 

Kyrie  eleison. 

Answer.     Christe  eleison. 

Kyrie  eleison. 

R  Father,  (inaudibly,}  Who 
art  in  heaven,  Hallowed  be 
Thy  Name.  Thy  kingdom  come. 
Thy  will  be  done  on  earth,  as  it  is 
in  heaven.  Give  us  this  day  our 
daily  bread.  And  forgive  us  our 
trespasses,  as  we  forgive  them  that 
trespass  against  us.  (Aloud?) 

Verse.  And  lead  us  not  into 
temptation. 

Answer.  But  deliver  us  from 
evil. 

1  Dan.  iii 


T  BELIEVE  (inaudibly]  in  God 
A  the  Father  Almighty,  Maker  of 
heaven  and  earth.  And  in  JESUS 
Christ,  His  only  Son,  our  Lord ; 
Who  was  conceived  by  the  Holy 
Ghost,  born  of  the  Virgin  Mary, 
suffered  under  Pontius  Pilate,  was 
crucified,  dead,  and  buried:  He 
descended  into  hell :  the  third  day 
He  rose  again  from  the  dead  :  He 
ascended  into  heaven,  and  sitteth 
on  the  right  hand  of  God  the 
Father  Almighty.  From  thence  He 
shall  come  to  judge  the  quick  and 
the  dead.  I  believe  in  the  Holy 
Ghost,  the  Holy  Catholic  Church, 
the  Communion  of  Saints,  the  For 
giveness  of  sins,  (aloud} 

Verse.  The  Resurrection  of  the 
body. 

Answer.  And  the  Life  ever 
lasting.  Amen. 

Verse.  1  Blessed  art  Thou,  O 
Lord  God  of  our  fathers, 

Answer.  And  to  be  praised  and 
glorified  above  all  for  ever. 

Verse.  Bless  we  the  Father,  and 
the  Son,  and  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Answer.  Let  us  praise  and  exalt 
Him  above  all  for  ever. 

Verse.       x  Blessed    art    Thou,    O 

Lord,   in  the  firmament  of  heaven, 

Answer.     And  to  be  praised,  and 

glorified,  and  exalted  above  all  for 

ever. 

Verse.  May  the  Lord,  the  Al 
mighty  and  merciful,  bless  and 
keep  us. 

Answer.     Amen. 
Verse.     Vouchsafe,   O   Lord,  this 
night, 

Answer.     To  keep  us  without  sin. 
Verse.      Have  mercy  upon  us,  O 
LORD. 

Answer.      Have  mercy  upon  us. 
52,  56. 


210 


THE   PSALTER. 


Verse.  O  LORD,  let  Thy  mercy 
lighten  upon  us. 

Answer.    As  our  trust  is  in  Thee. 

Here  the  service  is  resumed,  when 
the  above  has  been  omitted. 

Verse.    Hear  my  prayer,  O  LORD. 
Answer.     And   let  my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 

Let  us  pray. 

VISIT,  we  beseech  Thee,  O 
Lord,  this  habitation,1  and 
drive  far  from  it  all  snares  of  the 
enemy  :  let  Thine  holy  Angels  dwell 
herein,  to  keep  us  in  peace,  and 
may  Thy  blessing  be  always  upon 
us.  Through  our  Lord  JESUS  Christ, 
Thy  Son,  Who  liveth  and  reigneth 
with  Thee,  in  the  unity  of  the  Holy 
Ghost,  one  God,  world  without  end. 

Answer.     Amen. 

Verse.    Hear  my  prayer,  O  LORD. 

Answer.  And  let  my  cry  come 
unto  Thee. 

Verse.     Bless  we  the  Lord. 

Answer.     Thanks  be  to  God. 

The  Blessing. 

May  the  Almighty  and  Merciful 
Lord,  *%*  the  Father,  the  Son,  and 
the  Holy  Ghost,  bless  and  keep  us. 

Answer.     Amen. 

Then  follows  immediately  one  of 
these  Four  Antiphons  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin  Mary,  according  to  the  season 
of  the  year. 

I.  From  the  Vespers  of  the  Saturday 
before  Advent  Sunday  till  those  of 
Candlemas,  both  inclusive. 

Antiphon.  Maiden !  Mother  of 
Him  Who  redeemed  us,  thou  that 
abidest 


Heaven's  open  gate,  and  the  Star 
of  the  Sea,  come,  succour  the  fallen  ! 

Fallen  indeed  we  are,  but  fain 
would  rise  by  thy  succour. 

Thou  that  beyond  nature's  course 
hast  borne  in  time  the  Eternal ; 

Thou  that  a  Virgin  before,  and 
after  that  childbirth  remainest, 

From  the  Archangel's  lips  the 
quickening  message  receiving, 

Mother  of  JESUS  and  us,  turn 
thine  eyes  of  mercy  on  sinners. 

Verse.  The  Angel  of  the  Lord 
announced  unto  Mary, 

Answer.  And  she  conceived  of 
the  Holy  Ghost. 

Let  us  pray. 

beseech  Thee,  O  Lord,  pour 
Thy  grace  into  our  hearts ; 
that,  as  we  have  known  the  Incar 
nation  of  Thy  Son  JESUS  Christ  by 
the  message  of  an  Angel,  so  by  His 
Passion  and  Cross  we  may  be 
brought  unto  the  glory  of  His 
Resurrection.  Through  the  same 
Christ  our  Lord. 
Answer.  Amen. 

From  the  First  Vespers  of  Christmas 
inclusive,  the  Verse  and  Answer  and 
Prayer  are  as  follows : 

Verse.  After  thy  delivery  thou 
still  remainest  a  Virgin  undefiled. 

Answer.  Mother  of  God,  pray 
for  us. 

Let  us  pray. 

OGOD,  Who,  by  the  fruitful 
virginity  of  the  Blessed  Mary, 
hast  given  unto  mankind  the  re 
wards  of  everlasting  life ;  grant,  we 
beseech  Thee,  that  we  may  con 
tinually  feel  the  might  of  her  in- 


1  This  Office  was  originally  the  last  Prayer  before  going  to  rest  "for  the  monks  of  the 
Order  of  St  Benedict. 


COMPLINE. 


211 


tercession ;  through  whom  we  have 
worthily  received  the  Author  of 
our  life,  our  Lord  JESUS  Christ 
Thy  Son. 

Answer.     Amen. 

II.  from  the  Compline  of  the  2nd 
day  of  February  inclusive  to 
Maundy  Thursday  exclusive. 

Antiphon.  Hail,  O  Mary,  Queen 
of  heaven, 

Queen  of  Angel  worlds  on  high, 
Hail,  O  Rod  to  Jesse  given, 
Blessed  Portal  of  the  sky, 

Hail,  O  Lady,  bright  and  glorious, 
Clad  in  beauty,  pure  and  true, 
Virgin  !  o'er  sin's  stain  victorious, 
Sinners  for  thy  succour  sue. 

Verse.  Holy  Virgin,  my  praise 
by  thee  accepted  be. 

Answer.  Give  me  strength  against 
thine  enemies. 

Let  us  pray. 

IV/TOST  merciful  God,  grant,  we 
-*•* •*•  beseech  Thee,  a  succour 
unto  the  frailty  of  our  nature,  that 
as  we  keep  ever  alive  the  memory 
of  the  holy  Mother  of  God,  so  by 
the  help  of  her  intercession  we  may 
be  raised  up  from  the  bondage  of 
our  sins.  Through  the  same  Christ 
our  Lord. 

Answer.     Amen. 

III.  from  the  First  Compline  of 
Easter  inclusive  till  the  First 
Vespers  of  Trinity  Sunday  ex 
clusive. 

Antiphon.  Rejoice!  rejoice!  thou 
Queen  of  Heaven,  Alleluia, 


For  He  That  thee  for  Son  was 
given,  Alleluia, 

As  He  promised  is  arisen.  Alle 
luia. 

Mother,  pray  to  Him  for  us, 
Alleluia. 

Verse.  Be  glad  and  rejoice,  O 
Virgin  Mary,  Alleluia, 

Answer.  For  the  Lord  is  risen 
indeed.  Alleluia. 

Let  us  pray. 

GOD,  Who  dost  vouchsafe  to 
gladden  the  whole  world  by 
the  resurrection  of  Thy  Son  our 
Lord  JESUS  Christ ;  grant,  we  be 
seech  Thee,  that  by  the  help  of 
His  Mother  the  Virgin  Mary,  we 
may  finally  attain  unto  the  glad 
ness  of  life  everlasting.  Through 
the  same  Christ  our  Lord. 
Answer.  Amen. 

IV.  From  the  First  Vespers  of 
Trinity  Sunday  inclusive  till  the 
Vespers  of  Saturday  before  Ad 
vent  Sunday  exclusive. 

Antiphon.  Hail,  O  Queen,  Mo 
ther  of  mercy  !  hail,  our  life,  our 
sweetness,  and  our  hope.  To  thee 
we  cry,  the  banished  sons  of  Eve. 
Toward  thee  we  sigh,  weeping  and 
groaning  in  this  vale  of  tears.  Ah, 
then,  thou  our  Advocate,  turn  on  us 
those  merciful  eyes  of  thine  !  And, 
after  this  our  exile,  show  to  us  JESUS, 
the  blessed  Fruit  of  thy  womb.  O 
most  merciful,  O  most  gracious,  O 
most  sweet  Virgin  Mary  ! 1 

Verse.  Pray  for  us,  holy  Mo 
ther  of  God. 

Answer.  That  we  may  be  made 
worthy  of  the  promises  of  Christ. 


1  Of  these  four  Antiphons,  "Maiden  Mother"  is  ascribed  to  Hermann  the  Cripple,  a 
monk  of  Reichenau,  who  died  A.D.  1052.     The  authorship  of  the  second  is  unknown  :  it 


212 


THE    PSALTER. 


Let  us  pray. 

ALMIGHTY  and  everlasting 
God,  Who,  by  the  co-opera 
tion  of  the  Holy  Ghost,  didst  make 
ready  both  the  body  and  soul  of 
the  glorious  Virgin  and  Mother 
Mary  worthily  to  become  a  meet 
dwelling  for  Thy  Son  ;  grant  that 
as  we  rejoice  in  her  memory,  so 
by  her  pitiful  intercession  we  may 
be  delivered  from  the  evils  that 
continually  hang  over  us,  and  finally 
from  everlasting  death.  Through 
the  same  Christ  our  Lord. 
Answer.  Amen. 

After  each  of  these  Antiphons  is  said 
this  Blessing: 

God's  most  mighty  strength  alway 
Be  His  people's  staff  and  stay. 
Answer.      Amen. 

Lastly,  whether  Mattins  be  to  follow 
immediately,  or  not,  the  Lord's  Prayer, 
the  Angelic  Salutation,  and  the  Apos 
tles'  Creed  are  said  inaudibly. 


Father,  Who  art  in  heaven, 
Hallowed  be  Thy  Name. 
Thy  kingdom  come.  Thy  will 
be  done  on  earth,  as  it  is  in 
heaven.  Give  us  this  day  our 
daily  bread.  And  forgive  us  our 
trespasses,  as  we  forgive  them  that 
trespass  against  us.  And  lead  us 
not  into  temptation  ;  but  deliver 
us  from  evil.  Amen. 


TTAIL,  Mary,  full  of  grace;  the 
•*•  ^  Lord  is  with  thee :  blessed 
art  thou  among  women,  and  blessed 
is  the  fruit  of  thy  womb,  JESUS. 

Holy  Mary,  Mother  of  God,  pray 
for  us  sinners,  now,  and  at  the 
hour  of  our  death.  Amen. 

T  BELIEVE  in  God,  the  Father 
^  Almighty,  Maker  of  heaven 
and  earth.  And  in  JESUS  Christ, 
His  Only  Son,  our  Lord,  Who 
was  conceived  by  the  Holy  Ghost, 
born  of  the  Virgin  Mary,  suffered 
under  Pontius  Pilate,  was  crucified, 
dead,  and  buried :  He  descended 
into  hell :  the  third  day  He  rose 
again  from  the  dead  :  He  ascended 
into  heaven,  and  sitteth  at  the  right 
hand  of  God  the  Father  Almighty  : 
from  thence  He  shall  come  to 
judge  both  the  quick  and  the  dead. 
I  believe  in  the  Holy  Ghost,  the 
Holy  Catholic  Church,  the  Com 
munion  of  Saints,  the  Forgiveness 
of  sins,  the  Resurrection  of  the 
body,  and  the  life  everlasting. 

Amen. 


Thus  ends  the  Office  of  Compline 
throughout  the  year,  in  which  Office 
the  words,  "  May  the  souls,  &c.,"  are 
omitted,  and  the  Verse  and  Answer, 
"The  Lord  give  us,  &c.,"  are  ?iot  said 
before  the  Antiphon  of  tJic  Blessed 
Virgin. 


seems  to  date  from  about  the  eleventh  century.  The  date  and  authorship  of  the  third  are 
likewise  unknown  ;  but  a  legend  has  become  attached  to  it,  to  the  effect  that  St  Gregory 
the  Great  heard  the  three  first  lines  uttered  by  an  angel,  and  himself  added  the  fourth,  on 
the  same  occasion  on  which  was  instituted  the  procession  upon  St  Mark's  Day.  The 
authorship  of  "  Hail,  O  Queen"  is  disputed.  The  last  clause  is  usually  admitted  to  be  an 
exclamation  uttered  by  St  Bernard  of  Clairvaux  in  the  cathedral  of  Spires.  But  the 
authorship  of  the  rest  is  disputed,  some  ascribing  it  to  Hermann  the  Cripple,  others  to 
one  Peter  of  Monsoro,  bishop  of  Compostella,  others  to  one  Adhemar,  bishop  of  Podium 
(Puy-en-Velay).  It  seems  to  have  been  well  known,  at  least  in  Spain,  early  in  the 
twelfth  century. 


proper  £>ffice  of  tije 


Crtnitg    & 

The  First  Lord's  Day  after  Pentecost. 
of  tjje  jIBogt  P?olg 


Double  of  the  First  Class. 


All  as  on  ordinary  Sundays,  except 
the  following. 


FIRST    VESPERS. 

^Antiphons,     Chapter,     and    Prayer 
from  Lauds. 

Last  Psalm. 
Psalm  CXVI. 
O  praise  the  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  186.) 


Virgin.  Thanks  be  unto  Thee,  O 
God — Thanks  be  unto  Thee,  O  True 
and  One  Trinity,  Holy  and  Supreme 
Deity,  Holy  and  One  Unity. 

A  Commemoration  is  made  of  the 
First  Sunday  after  Pentecost. 

Antiphon.  2  Speak,  LORD ;  for  Thy 
servant  heareth. 

Verse.  Let  the  evening  prayer  as 
cend  unto  Thee,  O  Lord. 

Answer.  And  let  there  descend 
upon  us  Thy  mercy. 


Hymn    as    on     ordinary    Saturday  Prayer  from  the  Commemoration  at 


even  ings,   (p.    204.) 


Lauds. 


'Verse.  Bless  we  the  Father,  and 
the  Son,  and  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Answer.  Let  us  praise  Him  and 
exalt  Him  above  all  for  ever. 


MATTINS. 


Invitatory.        The     True     God     is 
Unity     in     Trinity,     and     Trinity     in 
Unity.     *     O    come,    let    us    worship 
Antiphon  at  the  Song  of  the  Blessed      Him. 

1  This  Festival  in  honour  of  the  Church's  Doctrine  concerning  God  can  never  be  transferred, 
and  is  therefore  printed  in  the  original  just  as  given  here. 

2  i  Kings  (Sam.)  iii.  9. 

VOL.   III. 


H 


2I4 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE    OF   THE   SEASON. 


Hymn. 


r\  THOU  Eternal  Source  of  love  ! 
^~^     Ruler  of  Nature's  scheme  ! 
In  Substance  One,  in  Persons  Three  ! 
Omniscient  and  Supreme  ! 

O  be  Thou  near  us  when  we  wake  ; 

And  at  the  break  of  day, 
With  Thy  blest  touch  arouse  the  soul, 

Her  meed  of  praise  to  pay. 

To  God  the  Father  glory  be, 

And  Sole,  Eternal  Son  ; 
And  glory,  Holy  Ghost,  to  Thee, 

While  endless  ages  run.     Amen. 


FIRST    NOCTURN. 

First  Antiphon.  Be  present,  O  One 
Almighty  God,  Father,  Son,  and  Holy 
Ghost. 

Psalm  VIII. 
O  LORD,  our  Lord,  &c.,  (p.  7.) 

Second  A ntiphon.  We  acknowledge 
that  Thou  art  One  in  Being,  and  Three 
in  Persons. 

Psalm  XVIII. 
The  heavens  declare,  &c.,  (p.  17.) 

Third  Antiphon.  We  testify  that 
Thy  Being,  Thy  Life,  and  Thine  Un 
derstanding  are  One  and  eternally 
unchangeable. 

Psalm  XXIII. 

The  earth  is  the  LORD'S,  &c.,  (/. 
46.) 

Verse.  Bless  we  the  Father,  and 
the  Son,  and  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Answer.  Let  us  praise  and  exalt 
Him  above  all  for  ever. 


First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Book  of 
the  Prophet  Isaiah  (vi.  i.) 

T  N  the  year  that  King  Uzziah  died, 
I  saw  the  Lord  sitting  upon  a 
throne,  high  and  lifted  up,  and  His 
train  rilled  the  temple.  Above  it 
stood  the  2  Seraphim  ;  each  one  had 
six  wings  ;  with  twain  he  covered  his 
face,  and  with  twain  he  covered  his 
feet,  and  with  twain  he  did  fly.  And 
one  cried  unto  another,  and  said : 
Holy,  Holy,  Holy,  is  the  LORD  God  of 
hosts  ;  the  whole  earth  is  full  of  His 
glory.  And  the  posts  of  the  door 
moved  at  the  voice  of  him  that  cried, 
and  the  house  was. rilled  with  smoke. 

First  Responsory. 

I  saw  the  Lord  sitting  upon  a  throne, 
high  and  lifted  up,  and  the  whole  earth 
was  full  of  His  glory,  and  His  train 
filled  the  temple. 

Verse.  Above  it  stood  the  Sera 
phim  :  each  one  had  six  wings. 

Answer.  And  His  train  filled  the 
temple. 

Second  Lesson. 

'"THEN  said  I  :  Woe  is  me,  for  I  am 
silent,  because  I  am  a  man  of 
unclean  lips,  and  I  dwell  in  the  midst 
of  a  people  of  unclean  lips,  and  mine 
eyes  have  seen  the  King,  the  LORD 
of  hosts.  Then  flew  one  of  the 
Seraphim  unto  me,  having  a  live  coal 
in  his  hand,  which  he  had  taken  with 
the  tongs  from  off  the  altar.  And  he 
laid  it  upon  my  mouth,  and  said  :  Lo, 
this  hath  touched  thy  lips,  and  thine 
iniquity  is  taken  away,  and  thy  sin 
purged.  Also  I  heard  the  voice  of  the 
Lord  saying :  Whom  shall  I  send  ? 
and  who  will  go  for  us  ?  Then  said 
I :  Here  am  I  ;  send  me. 


1  The  original  is  taken,  with  alterations,  from  two  Ambrosian  hymns  ;  translation  by  the 
Rev.  E.  Caswall.  2  Or  "burning  ones." 


TRINITY   SUNDAY. 


215 


Second  Responsory. 

1  Blessed  be  the  LORD  God  of  hosts, 
Who  only  doeth  wondrous  things. 
And  blessed  be  His  glorious  Name 
for  ever. 

Verse.  And  let  the  whole  earth  be 
rilled  with  His  glory.  Amen.  Amen. 

Answer.  And  blessed  be  His  glori 
ous  Name  for  ever. 

Third  Lesson. 

A  ND  He  said:  Go,  and  tell  this 
^  people :  Hear  ye  indeed,  but 
understand  not ;  and  see  ye  indeed, 
but ,  perceive  not.  Make  the  heart  of 
this  people  dull,  and  make  their  ears 
heavy,  and  shut  their  eyes  ;  lest  haply 
they  see  with  their  eyes,  and  hear 
with  their  ears,  and  understand  with 
their  heart,  and  be  converted,  and  I 
should  heal  them.  Then  said  I :  Lord, 
how  long  ?  And  He  answered  :  Until 
the  cities  be  wasted  without  inhabi 
tant,  and  the  houses  without  man,  and 
the  land  be  utterly  desolate  :  and  the 
LORD  shall  remove  man  far  away,  and 
that  which  is  left  in  the  midst  of  the 
land  shall  increase. 

Third  Responsory. 

2  Let  God,  even  our  own  God,  bless 
us  ;  let  God  bless  us.  And  let  all  the 
ends  of  the  earth  fear  Him. 

Verse.  God  be  merciful  unto  us, 
and  bless  us. 

Answer.  And  let  all  the  ends  of 
the  earth  fear  Him. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and 
to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Answer.  And  let  all  the  ends  of 
the  earth  fear  Him. 

SECOND    NOCTURN. 


First  Antiphon.  Upon  Thee  do  we 
call,  Thee  do  we  praise,  Thee  do  we 
worship,  O  Blessed  Trinity  ! 

i  Ps.  Ixxi.  18,  19.  2  Ps.  Ixvi.  8,  2. 


Psalm  XLVI. 
O  clap  your  hands,  &c.,  (p.  98.) 

Second  Antiphon.  Thou  art  our 
Hope,  Thou  art  our  Salvation,  Thou 
art  our  glory,  O  Blessed  Trinity  ! 


Psalm  XLVI  I. 
Great  is  the  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  98.) 

Third  Antiphon.  Be  Thou  our  De 
liverer,  our  Saviour,  our  Life-giver,  O 
Blessed  Trinity  ! 

Psalm  LXXL 
Give  the  King,  &c.,  (p.  126.) 

Verse.  3  Blessed  art  Thou,  O  Lord, 
in  the  firmament  of  heaven. 

Answer.  And  above  all  to  be 
praised  and  glorified  for  ever. 

Fourth  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Book 
on  the  Faith,  addressed  to  Peter  by 
St  Fulgentius,  Bishop  [of  Ruspa.] 
(Found  in  the  Works  of  Augustine, 
torn.  3.) 

'"PHE  Faith  which  the  holy  Patri 
archs  and  Prophets  received 
from  God  before  His  Son  was  made 
Flesh,  the  Faith  which  the  holy 
Apostles  heard  from  the  Lord  Him 
self  when  Present  in  the  Flesh,  the 
Faith  which  the  same  Apostles  learnt 
by  the  teaching  of  the  Holy  Ghost 
not  only  to  preach  by  word  of  mouth, 
but  also  to  leave  behind  them  in  their 
writings  for  the  healthful  instruction 
of  all  that  should  come  after,  that 
Faith  teacheth  that  the  Trinity,  that 
is  to  say,  the  Father,  the  Son,  and 
the  Holy  Ghost,  is  but  ONE  GOD. 
But  we  could  not  truly  call  the 


216 


THE   PROPER  OFFICE  OF   THE   SEASON. 


Father,  the  Son,  and  the  Holy  Ghost 
a  Trinity,  if  One  and  the  Selfsame 
Person  were  named  Father,  Son,  and 
Holy  Ghost. 

Fourth  Responsory. 

1  Who  is  so  great  a  God  as  our  God  ? 
Thou  art  the  God  that  doest  wonders. 

Verse.  Thou  hast  declared  Thy 
strength  among  the  people  ;  Thou 
hast  with  Thine  arm  redeemed  Thy 
people. 

Answer.  Thou  art  the  God  that 
doest  wonders. 

Fifth  Lesson. 

T^  OR  if  as  the  Being  of  the  Father, 
the  Son,  and  the  Holy  Ghost  is 
One  Being,  so  were  there  but  One 
Person,  then  were  it  untrue  to  say 
that  God  is  a  Trinity.  On  the  other 
hand,  if,  as  the  Persons  of  the  Father, 
the  Son,  and  the  Holy  Ghost  are  dis 
tinguished  One  from  Another  by  that 
which  is  proper  to  Each,  so  were 
They  diverse  by  difference  of  nature, 
then  were  it  untrue  to  say  that  God 
is  ONE.  But  since  concerning  the 
nature  of  the  One  True  God,  Who 
is  a  Trinity,  it  is  the  Truth  to  say 
that  God  is  ONE,  and  the  Truth  to 
say  that  God  is  a  Trinity,  therefore 
the  True  God  is  a  Trinity  in  Persons, 
and  an  Unity  in  nature. 

Fifth  Responsory. 

To  Thee  be  praise,  to  Thee  be 
glory,  to  Thee  be  thanksgiving  for 
ever  and  ever,  O  Blessed  Trinity  ! 

Verse.  2  And  blessed  is  Thy  glori 
ous  and  Holy  Name,  and  to  be  praised 
and  exalted  above  all  for  ever. 

Answer.     O  Blessed  Trinity  ! 


Sixth  Lesson. 

'^THROUGH  this  Oneness  of  nature 
All  That  the  Father  is  is  in  the 
Son  and  the  Holy  Ghost,  All  That 
the  Son  is  is  in  the  Father  and  the 
Holy  Ghost,  and  All  That  the  Holy 
Ghost  is  is  in  the  Father  and  the 
Son.  Of  the  Father,  the  Son,  and 
the  Holy  Ghost,  None  is  without 
Other,  None  is  before  Other,  None 
is  Greater  than  Other,  None  is 
Mightier  than  Other.  The  Father, 
as  touching  the  One  Divine  Nature, 
is  neither  before  nor  greater  than 
the  Son  and  the  Holy  Ghost : 
neither  is  it  possible  that  the  Eter 
nity  and  Infinity  of  the  Son,  whether 
as  before  or  greater,  should  be  before 
or  greater  than  the  Eternity  and  In 
finity  of  the  Spirit. 


Sixth  Responsory. 

3  Great  is  the  LORD,  and  greatly 
to  be  praised,  and  His  Wisdom  is 
unsearchable. 

Verse.  4  Great  is  our  Lord,  and 
of  great  power,  and  His  understand 
ing  is  infinite. 

Answer.  And  His  Wisdom  is  un 
searchable. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  And  His  Wisdom  is  un 
searchable. 


THIRD    NOCTURN. 

First  Antiphon.  The  Father  is 
Love  ;  the  Son  is  Grace  ;  the  Holy 
Ghost  is  Communion.5  Blessed  be 
the  Trinity. 


i   Ps.  Ixxvi.  14-16.  2  Dan.  iii.  52.  3  Ps.  xlvii.  2.  4  Ps.  cxlvi.  5. 

s  Communicatio.  The  distinctive  property  of  the  Holy  Ghost,  according  to  the  Greek 
Fathers,  is  to  be  the  Sanctifying  Power  of  the  Father  and  the  Son,  the  substantial  Gift  whereby 
we  are  made  "  partakers  of  the  Divine  Nature." 


TRINITY   SUNDAY. 


21 


Psalm  XCV. 
O  sing  unto  the  Lord,  &c.,  (p.  148.) 

Second  Antiphon.  The  Father  is 
Truth  ;  the  Son  is  Truth  ;  the  Holy 
Ghost  is  Truth.  Blessed  be  the 
Trinity. 

Psalm  XCV  I. 
The  LORD  reigneth,  &c.,  (p.  149.) 

Third  Antiphon.  The  Being  of 
the  Father,  and  of  the  Son,  and  of 
the  Holy  Ghost,  is  ONE.  Blessed 
be  the  Trinity. 


Psalm  XCVIL 
O  sing  unto  the  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  157.) 

Verse.  x  By  the  Word  of  the  LORD 
were  the  heavens  made. 

Answer.  And  all  the  host  of  them 
by  the  Breath  of  His  mouth. 

Seventh  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Holy 
Gospel  according  to  Matthew  (xxviii. 
18.) 

A  T  that  time  :  JESUS  said  unto  His 
^^  disciples :  All  power  is  given 
unto  Me  in  heaven  and  in  earth.  Go 
ye,  therefore,  and  teach  all  nations, 
baptizing  them  in  the  Name  of  the 
Father,  and  of  the  Son,  and  of  the 
Holy  Ghost.  And  so  on. 

Homily  by  St  Gregory  of  Nazi- 
anzus,  Patriarch  [of  Constantinople.] 
(Treatise  on  the  Faith.} 

There  is  no  Catholic  but  knoweth 
that  the  Father  is  a  Very  Father, 
the  Son  a  Very  Son,  and  the  Holy 
Ghost  a  Very  Holy  Ghost,  even  as 
the  Lord  Himself  saith  unto  His 
Apostles  :  "  Go  ye  and  baptize  all 

1  Ps.  xxxii.  6. 


nations  in  the  Name  of  the  Father, 
and  of  the  Son,  and  of  the  Holy 
Ghost."  This  is  that  Perfect  Trinity 
Who  is  but  ONE  BEING,  and  of 
Whom  therefore  we  testify  that  His 
Substance  is  ONE.  For  we  make 
no  division  in  God,  as  divisions  are 
made  in  bodies,  but  we  testify,  that, 
according  to  the  power  of  the  Divine 
Nature,  Which  standeth  not  in  matter, 
the  Persons  named  have  a  real  exist 
ence,  and  that  GOD  is  ONE. 

Seventh  Responsory. 

Bless  we  the  Father,  and  the  Son, 
and  the  Holy  Ghost.  Let  us  praise 
and  exalt  Him  above  all  for  ever. 

Verse.  2  Blessed  art  Thou,  O  Lord, 
in  the  firmament  of  heaven,  and  above 
all  to  be  praised  and  glorified  for  ever. 

Answer.  Let  us  praise  and  exalt 
Him  above  all  for  ever. 


Eighth  Lesson. 

A1TE  do  not  say,  as  some  have 
*  *  dreamt,  that  the  Begetting  of 
the  Son  of  GOD  is  an  outgrowing 
from  one  part  to  another  part :  neither 
do  we  say  that  He  is  the  Word  in 
the  sense  of  a  mere  sound  uttered 
by  a  voice,  but  we  do  believe  that 
these  three  Names  and  the  Persons 
meant  by  them  are  all  of  only  One 
Being,  One  Majesty,  and  One  Power. 
And  therefore  we  testify  that  God  is 
ONE,  because  this  ONE-ness  of  His 
Majesty  forbiddeth  that  we  should 
use  the  Plural  form  of  speech  and 
say,  "  Gods."  It  is  Catholic  language 
to  say,  "  Father  and  Son,"  but  we 
cannot  and  must  not  say  that  the 
Father  and  the  Son  are  two  gods. 
And  that,  not  because  the  Son  of 
God  is  not  by  Himself  God — yea, 
He  is  Very  God  of  Very  God — but 
because  we  know  that  the  Son  of 

2  Dan.  iii.  56. 


218 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


God  is  not  from  elsewhere,  but  from 
the  One  Father  Himself,  and  there 
fore  we  say  that  God  is  ONE.  This 
is  the  doctrine  which  Prophets  and 
Apostles  have  delivered  ;  this  is  the 
doctrine  which  the  Lord  Himself 
taught  when  He  said,  "  I  and  the 
Father  are  ONE,"  (John  x.  30,)  that 
is,  He  meant,  as  touching  the  ONE 
Divine  Being,  but  as  touching  Per 
sons,  We  are  distinct. 

Eighth  Responsory. 

1  One  Seraph  cried  unto  another— 
Holy,    Holy,   Holy  is  the    LORD   God 
of  hosts  :    the   whole   earth    is  full  of 
His  glory. 

Verse.  2  There  are  Three  That 
bear  record  in  heaven,  the  Father, 
the  Word,  and  the  Holy  Ghost :  and 
these  Three  are  One. 

Answer.  Holy,  Holy,  Holy  is  the 
LORD  God  of  hosts  : — 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  The  whole  earth  is  full 
of  His  glory. 

Ninth  Lesson.      (Homily  for  the  First 
Sunday  after  Pentecost. ) 

The    Lesson  is  taken  from   the   Holy 
Gospel  according  to  Luke  (vi.  36.) 

AT  that  time  :  JESUS  said  unto  His 
disciples  :    Be    ye    merciful,    as 
your    Father    also   is   merciful.      And 
so  on. 

Homily  by  St  Austin,  Bishop  [of 
Hippo.]  (\$th  Sermon  on  Matthew, 
Words  of  the  Lord.} 


There  are  two  works  of  mercy 
which  free  us,  and  which  the  Lord 
Himself  hath  briefly  named  in  the 
Gospel — "  Forgive,  and  ye  shall  be 
forgiven  :  give,  and  it  shall  be  given 
unto  you."  "  Forgive,  and  ye  shall 
be  forgiven  " — such  is  the  promise  of 
pardon.  "  Give,  and  it  shall  be  given 
unto  you  " — such  is  the  promise  of 
favour.  As  touching  forgiveness  ;  thou 
hast  trespasses  which  thou  wouldest 
fain  have  forgiven,  and  them  which 
have  trespassed  against  thee,  whom 
thou  canst  forgive.  As  touching 
favour,  there  are  beggars  that  beg 
from  thee,  and  thou  art  a  beggar 
to  God.  When  we  pray,  we  are  all 
beggars  to  God,  standing  at  the 
door  of  the  Great  Householder,  yea, 
falling  down  on  our  knees,  and  be 
seeching  Him  to  give  us  somewhat  ; 
and  that  somewhat  is  God  Himself. 
What  doth  a  beggar  ask  of  thee  ? 
Bread.  And  what  dost  thou  ask  of 
God  but  that  Christ  Who  saith  :  "I 
am  the  Living  Bread  Which  came 
down  from  heaven  ? "  If  ye  will 
be  forgiven,  forgive  ye.  If  ye  will 
be  pardoned,  pardon  ye.  If  ye  will 
receive,  "give,  and  it  shall  be  given 
unto  you." 


The  Hymn,   "We   praise   Thee, 
God,   &c.,"  is  said. 


0 


LAUDS. 

First  Antiphon.^ 

i.  Holy,  Holy,  Holy!  *  Lord  God  Al 
mighty  ! 

Early  in  the  morning  our  song  shall  rise 
to  Thee  ! 

Holy,  Holy,  Holy !  Merciful  and  Mighty ! 

God  in  Three  Persons,  Blessed  Trinity  ! 


1  Isa.  vi.  3.  2  t  j0hn  v.  7. 

3  The  first  four  Antiphons  are  Doxologies  to  the  Most  Holy  Trinity  in  verse,  being  apparently 
the  last  verses  of  Hymns.  They  are  in  different  measures,  of  no  literary  merit,  and  almost 
quite  the  same  in  sense,  and  the  translator  has  ventured  to  represent  them  by  the  above  four 
homogeneous  Doxologies  by  Bp.  Heber,  constituting  his  Hymn  for  Trinity  Sunday.  For  a 
literal  translation,  see  Appendix. 


TRINITY    SUNDAY. 


219 


Second  Antiphon. 

2.  Holy,    Holy,    Holy!     *    All    the    Saints 

adore  Thee, 
Casting  down  their  golden  crowns  around 

the  glassy  sea ; 
Cherubim    and    Seraphim    falling    down 

before  Thee, 
Which    wert,     and     art,     and     evermore 

shall  be. 

Third  Antiphon. 

3.  Holy,    Holy,    Holy  !  *  though    the    dark 

ness  hide  Thee, 

Though  the  eye  of  sinful  man  Thy  glory 
may  not  see, 

Only  Thou  art  Holy :  there  is  none  be 
side  Thee 

Perfect  in  power,  in  love,  in  purity  ! 

Fourth  Antiphon. 

4.  Holy,     Holy,     Holy!   *   Lord    God    Al 

mighty  ! 
All  Thy  works  shall  praise  Thy  Name, 

in  earth,  and  sky,  and  sea  ! 
Holy,  Holy,  Holy!    Merciful  and  Mighty, 
God  in  Three  Persons,  Blessed  Trinity  ! 

Fifth  Antiphon.  l  Of  Him,  and 
through  Him,  and  to  Him,  are  all 
things  ;  *  to  Whom  be  glory  for 
ever. 

Chapter.      (Rom.  xi.  33.) 

r\  THE  depth  of  the  riches  both  of 
^^^  the  wisdom  and  knowledge  of 
God !  How  unsearchable  are  His 
judgments,  and  His  ways  past  finding 
out! 

Hymn? 

r\  THOU  Who  dost  all  nature  sway, 

Dread  Trinity  in  Unity  ! 
Accept  the  trembling  praise  we  pay 
To  Thy  Eternal  Majesty  ! 

The  star  that  heralds  in  the  morn 

Is  fading  in  the  skies ; 

The  darkness  melts ; — O  Thou  True  Light, 

Once  more  on  us  arise ! 

To  God  the  Father  glory  be  ; 
And  Sole  Eternal  Son  ; 
All  Glory,  Holy  Ghost,  to  Thee, 
While  endless  ages  run.     Amen. 


Verse.  Bless  we  the  Father,  and 
the  Son,  and  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Answer.  Let  us  praise  and  exalt 
Him  above  all  for  ever. 

Antiphon  at  the  Song  of  Zacharias. 
Blessed  be  the  Holy  One,  the  Maker 
and  Lord  of  all  things  !  Blessed  be 
the  Holy  and  Undivided  Trinity,  now 
and  always,  and  unto  unending  ages 
of  ages. 

Prayer  throughout  tJie  day. 

A  LMIGHTY  and  everlasting  God, 
^~*-  Who  hast  given  unto  Thy  ser 
vants  grace  by  the  confession  of  a  true 
faith  to  acknowledge  the  glory  of  the 
Eternal  Trinity,  and  in  the  power  of 
the  Divine  Majesty  to  worship  the 
Unity  ;  we  beseech  Thee  that  Thou 
wouldest  keep  us  steadfast  in  this 
faith,  and  evermore  defend  us  from 
all  adversities.  Through  our  Lord 
JESUS  Christ  Thy  Son,  Who  liveth 
and  reigneth  with  Thee,  in  the  unity 
of  the  Holy  Ghost,  one  God,  world 
without  end.  Amen. 

The  following  Commemoration  is  made 
of  the  First  Sunday  after  Pentecost. 

Antiphon.  3  Be  ye  therefore  merci 
ful,  as  your  Father  also  is  merciful — 
saith  the  Lord. 

Verse.  The  LORD  reigneth  ;  He  is 
clothed  with  majesty. 

Answer.  The  LORD  is  clothed  with 
strength,  and  has  girded  Himself  with 
power. 

Let  us  pray. 

C\  GOD,  the  Strength  of  all  them 
that  put  their  trust  in  Thee, 
mercifully  accept  our  prayers,  and 
because  through  the  weakness  of  our 
mortal  nature  we  can  do  no  good 


1  Rom.  xi.  36. 

2  The  original  is  taken,  with  alterations,  from  two  hymns  of  the  Ambrosian  school ;  transla 
tion  by  the  Rev.  E.  Caswall.  3  Luke  vi.  36. 


22O 


THE    PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


thing  without  Thee,  grant  us  the 
help  of  Thy  grace,  that  in  keeping 
of  Thy  commandments  we  may  please 
Thee,  both  in  will  and  deed.  Through 
our  Lord  JESUS  Christ,  Thy  Son,  Who 
liveth  and  reigneth  with  Thee,  in  the 
unity  of  the  Holy  Ghost,  one  God,  world 
without  end.  Amen. 


PRIME. 

Antiphon.  Holy,  &c.,  (First  Anti 
phon  at  Lauds.} 

The  Psalms  are  LIII.  and  the  two 
first  parts  of  C XVI II. 

The  Creed  of  St  Athanasius  is  said. 

Chapter  at  the  end.      (i  John  v.  7.) 

'"THERE  are  Three  That  bear  record 
in  heaven,  the  Father,  the  Word, 
and  the  Holy  Ghost,  and  these  Three 
are  One. 

TERCE. 

Antiphon.  Holy,  &c.,  (Second 
Antiphon  at  Lauds.} 

Chapter  from  Lauds. 

Short  Responsory. 

Bless  we  the  Father,  and  the  Son, 
and  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Answer.  Bless  we  the  Father,  and 
the  Son,  and  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Verse.  Let  us  praise  and  exalt  Him 
above  all  for  ever. 

Answer.     And  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and 
to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Answer.  Bless  we  the  Father,  and 
the  Son,  and  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Verse.  Blessed  art  Thou,  O  Lord, 
in  the  firmament  of  heaven. 

Answer.  And  to  be  praised  and 
glorified  for  ever. 


SEXT. 


Antiphon.       Holy, 
Antiphon  at  Lauds.} 


&c.,      ( Third 


Chapter.      (2  Cor.  xiii.  13.) 

HP  HE     grace    of    our    Lord    JESUS 
Christ,    and    the    love    of   God, 
and     the     communion     of    the     Holy 
Ghost,  be  with  you  all.      Amen. 

Short  Responsory. 

Blessed  art  Thou,  O  Lord,  in  the 
firmament  of  heaven. 

Answer.  Blessed  art  Thou,  O  Lord, 
in  the  firmament  of  heaven. 

Verse.  And  to  be  praised  and  glori 
fied  for  ever. 

Answer.  In  the  firmament  of 
heaven. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and 
to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Answer.  Blessed  art  Thou,  O  Lord, 
in  the  firmament  of  heaven. 

Verse.  By  the  WTord  of  the  LORD 
were  the  heavens  made. 

Answer.  And  all  the  host  of  them 
by  the  Breath  of  His  mouth. 


Antiphon.  Of  Him,  &c.,  (Fifth 
Antiphon  at  Lauds.} 

Chapter  as  at  the  end  of  Prime. 

Short  Responsory. 

By  the  Word  of  the  LORD  were  the 
heavens  made. 

Answer.  By  the  Word  of  the 
LORD  were  the  heavens  made. 

Verse.  And  all  the  host  of  them 
by  the  Breath  of  His  mouth. 

Answer.     Were  the  heavens  made. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and 
to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Answer.  By  the  Word  of  the 
LORD  were  the  heavens  made. 


FIRST   WEEK   AFTER   PENTECOST. 


221 


Verse.  Blessed  be  the  Name  of 
the  LORD. 

Answer.  From  henceforth,  now, 
and  for  ever. 

SECOND    VESPERS. 

All  the  same  as  First  Vespers,  ex 
cept  the  following  : 

Verse.  Blessed  art  Thou,  O  Lord, 
in  the  firmament  of  heaven. 

Answer.  And  to  be  praised  and 
glorified  for  ever. 

Antiphon  at  the  Song  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin.  With  all  our  heart  and  with 
all  our  voice  do  we  acknowledge  Thee, 
praise  Thee,  and  bless  Thee,  O  God 
the  Father  the  Unbegotten,  O  God 
the  Only-Begotten  Son,  O  God  the 
Holy  Ghost  the  Comforter,  One  Holy 
and  Undivided  Trinity  !  To  Thee  be 
glory  for  ever  ! 

The  following  is  the  Commemoration  of 
the  First  Sunday  after  Pentecost. 

Antiphon.  *  Judge  not,  that  ye  be 
not  judged  :  for  with  what  judgment 
ye  judge,  ye  shall  be  judged,  saith 
the  Lord. 

Verse.  Let  my  prayer,  O  Lord,  be 
set  forth. 

Answer.     As  incense  before  Thee. 

Prayer  as  at  the  Commemoration  of 
Lauds. 


Second  Day. 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

Here    beginneth    the    First    Book    of 
Kings  (Samuel)  (i.    1-3.) 


2  ^^  OW  there  was  a  certain  man  of 
Ramathaim-Zophim,  of  Mount 
Ephraim,  and  his  name  was  Elkanah, 
the  son  of  Jeroham,  the  son  of  Elihu, 
the  son  of  Tohu,  the  son  of  Zuph,  an 
Ephrathite  ;  and  he  had  two  wives  ; 
the  name  of  the  one  was  Hannah, 
and  the  name  of  the  other  Peninnah. 
And  Peninnah  had  children,  but 
Hannah  had  no  children.  And  this 
man  went  up  out  of  his  city  on  the 
appointed  days,  to  worship,  and  to 
sacrifice  unto  the  LORD  of  hosts  in 
Shiloh.  And  the  two  sons  of  Eli, 
Hophni  and  Phinehas,  the  Priests  of 
the  LORD,  were  there. 

First  Responsory. 

3  Prepare  your  hearts  unto  the 
LORD,  and  serve  Him  Only  ;  and 
He  will  deliver  you  out  of  the  hand 
of  your  enemies. 

Verse.  Return  unto  Him  with  all 
your  hearts,  and  put  away  the  strange 
gods  from  among  you. 

Answer.  And  He  will  deliver  you 
out  of  the  hand  of  your  enemies. 

Second  Lesson.     ( 4-  8 . ) 

AND  when  the  time  was  that 
Elkanah  offered,  he  gave  to 
Peninnah  his  wife,  and  to  all  her 
sons  and  her  daughters,  portions  ; 
but  unto  Hannah  he  gave  one  por 
tion,  sorrowing,  for  he  loved  Hannah. 
But  the  LORD  had  shut  up  her  womb. 
Her  adversary  also  provoked  her  sore, 
and  made  her  fret,  even  unto  reviling 
her,  because  that  the  LORD  had  shut 
up  her  womb :  and  as  she  did  so 
year  by  year,  when  the  time  came 
and  they  went  up  unto  the  Temple 


1  Matth.  vii.  i,  2. 

2  The  course  of  the  Sacred  History  is  here  resumed,  after  a  gap  covering  many  centuries, 
probably  over  three  from  the  colonization  of  Palestine.     (The  history  of  the  omitted  period  is 
contained  in  the  Pentateuch  and  the  Books  of  Joshua  and  Judges.)     The  four  Books  of  Kings 
contain  the  history  from  the  birth  of  Samuel  (about  B.C.  1170)  to  the  capture  of  Jerusalem 
by  the  Babylonians  (about  B.C.  588.)     Who  composed  these  Books  is  unknown. 


i  Kings  (Sam.)  vii.  3. 
VOL.  III. 


H   2 


222 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE    SEASON. 


of  the  LORD,  so  she  provoked  her. 
Therefore  she  wept  and  did  not  eat. 
Then  said  Elkanah  her  husband  unto 
her  :  Hannah,  why  weepest  thou,  and 
why  eatest  thou  not  ?  and  why  is 
thy  heart  grieved  ?  Am  not  I  better 
to  thee  than  ten  sons  ? 

Second  Responsory. 

God,  Which  heareth  all,  even  He 
sent  His  Angel,  and  took  me  from 
keeping  my  father's  sheep,  and 
anointed  me  with  the  oil  of  His 
mercy. 

Verse.  l  The  LORD  That  delivered 
me  out  of  the  mouth  of  the  lion,  and 
out  of  the  paw  of  the  bear, 

Answer.  And  anointed  me  with 
the  oil  of  His  mercy. 

Third  Lesson.      (9-11.) 

CO  Hannah  rose  up  after  she  had 
^  eaten  in  Shiloh,  and  after  she 
had  drunk.  Now  Eli  the  PRIEST 
sat  upon  a  seat  before  the  door 
posts  of  the  Temple  of  the  LORD. 
And  Hannah  was  in  bitterness  of 
soul,  and  prayed  unto  the  LORD, 
and  wept  sore  ;  and  she  vowed  a 
vow,  and  said :  O  LORD  of  hosts, 
if  Thou  wilt  indeed  look  upon  the 
affliction  of  Thine  handmaid,  and 
remember  me,  and  not  forget  Thine 
handmaid,  but  wilt  give  unto  Thine 
handmaid  a  man-child,  then  I  will 
give  him  unto  the  LORD  all  the 
days  of  his  life,  and  there  shall  no 
razor  come  upon  his  head. 

Third  Responsory. 

The  LORD  That  delivered  me  out 
of  the  mouth  of  the  lion,  and  out  of 
the  paw  of  the  bear — He  will  deliver 
me  out  of  the  hand  of  mine  enemies. 


Verse.  2  God  hath  sent  forth  His 
mercy  and  His  truth,  and  delivered 
my  soul  from  among  the  lion's  whelps. 

Answer.  He  will  deliver  me  out 
of  the  hand  of  mine  enemies. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  He  will  deliver  me  out 
of  the  hand  of  mine  enemies. 


Third  Day. 
MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The    Lesson  is  taken   from   the   First 
Book  of  Kings   (i.    12-18.) 

A  ND  it  came  to  pass,  as  she  con- 
•^^  tinued  praying  before  the  LORD, 
that  Eli  marked  her  mouth.  Now, 
Hannah,  she  spake  in  her  heart,  and 
only  her  lips  moved,  but  her  voice  was 
not  heard.  Therefore  Eli  thought  she 
had  been  drunken,  and  said  unto  her  : 
How  long  wilt  thou  be  drunken  ? 
Cease  for  a  while  to  soak  thyself 
with  wine.  And  Hannah  answered 
and  said  :  No,  my  lord  ;  for  I  am 
a  woman  exceeding  sorrowful  ;  I 
have  drunk  neither  wine  nor  strong 
drink,  but  have  poured  out  my  soul 
before  the  LORD.  Count  not  thine 
handmaid  for  a  daughter  of  Belial  ; 3 
for  out  of  the  abundance  of  my 
complaint  and  grief  have  I  spoken 
hitherto.  Then  Eli  said  unto  her : 
Go  in  peace  ;  and  the  God  of  Israel 
grant  thee  thy  petition  that  thou 
hast  asked  of  Him.  And  she  said  : 
Let  thine  handmaid  find  grace  in 
thy  sight. 


i  Kings  (Sam.)  xvii.  37. 


•2  Ps.  Ivi.  4,  5. 


3  I.e.,  lit.  "the  worthless  one." 


FIRST   WEEK   AFTER   PENTECOST. 


223 


First  Responsory. 

1  Saul  hath  slain  his  thousands, 
and  David  his  ten  thousands.  Be 
cause  the  hand  of  the  Lord  was 
with  him,  he  smote  the  Philistine,  and 
took  away  the  reproach  from  Israel. 

Verse.  Is  not  this  David  ?  Did 
they  not  sing  one  to  another  of  him 
in  dances,  saying  :  Saul  hath  slain 
his  thousands,  and  David  his  ten 
thousands  ? 

Answer.  Because  the  hand  of  the 
Lord  was  with  him,  he  smote  the 
Philistine,  and  took  away  the  re 
proach  from  Israel. 


Second  Lesson.     (18-22.) 

OO  the  woman  went  her  way,  and 
did  eat,  and  her  countenance 
was  no  more  sad.  And  they  rose 
up  in  the  morning  early,  and  wor 
shipped  before  the  LORD  ;  and  re 
turned  and  came  to  their  house  in 
Ramah.  And  Elkanah  knew  Hannah 
his  wife,  and  the  LORD  remembered 
her.  Wherefore  it  came  to  pass, 
when  the  time  was  come  about,  that 
Hannah  conceived,  and  bare  a  son, 
and  called  his  name  Samuel,2  be 
cause  she  had  asked  him  of  the 
LORD.  And  the  man  Elkanah  and 
all  his  house  went  up  to  offer  unto 
the  LORD  the  solemn  sacrifice,  and 
his  vow,  but  Hannah  went  not  up  ; 
for  she  said  unto  her  husband  :  I 
will  not  go  up  until  the  child  be 
weaned,  and  then  I  will  bring  him, 
that  he  may  appear  before  the  LORD, 
and  there  abide  for  ever. 


Second  Responsory. 

3  Ye  mountains  of  Gilboa,  let  there 
be  no  dew,   neither  let  there  be  rain 


upon  you — for  there  are  the  mighty 
of  Israel  fallen  ! 

Verse.  All  ye  mountains  that  stand 
round  about,  the  Lord  look  upon  you  ! 
but  let  Him  pass  by  Gilboa  ! 

Answer.  For  there  are  the  mighty 
of  Israel  fallen  ! 


Third  Lesson.      (23-28.) 


A1 


ND  Elkanah  her  husband  said 
unto  her  :  Do  what  seemeth 
thee  good,  and  tarry  until  thou  have 
weaned  him,  and  I  pray  that  the 
LORD  may  fulfil  His  word.  So  the 
woman  abode  and  gave  her  son  suck 
until  she  weaned  him.  And  when  she 
had  weaned  him,  she  took  him  up 
with  her,  with  three  bullocks,  and 
three  measures  of  flour,  and  a  bottle 
of  wine,  and  brought  him  unto  the 
house  of  the  LORD  in  Shiloh.  And 
the  child  was  young.  And  they  slew 
a  bullock,  and  brought  the  child  to 
Eli.  And  Hannah  said  :  O,  my  lord  ; 
as  thy  soul  liveth,  my  lord  ;  I  am  the 
woman  that  stood  by  thee  here,  pray 
ing  unto  the  LORD.  For  this  child 
I  prayed,  and  the  LORD  hath  given 
me  my  petition  which  I  asked  of  Him. 
Therefore  also  I  have  lent  him  to  the 
LORD  for  all  the  days  wherein  he 
shall  be  lent  unto  the  LORD.  And 
they  worshipped  the  LORD  there. 

Third  Responsory. 

Thus  saith  the  LORD  :  I  took  thee  4 
out  of  thy  father's  house,  and  ap 
pointed  thee  to  be  ruler  over  My 
people,  over  Israel.  And  I  was  with 
thee  whithersoever  thou  wentest,  to 
establish  thy  kingdom  for  ever. 

Verse.  And  I  have  made  thee  a 
great  name,  like  unto  the  name  of 
the  great  men  that  are  in  the  earth  ; 


1  From  the  women's  song  on  the  death  of  Goliath.     See  i   Kings  (Sam.)  xviii.  7,  xvii.  26, 
i.  ii.  *  I.e.,  "heard  of  God." 

3  From  David's  poem  on  the  death  of  Saul  and  Jonathan.     See  2  Kings  (Sam.)  i.  21. 

4  I.e.,  David,  2  Kings  (Sam.)  vii.  8,  9,  n,  13. 


224 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


and  have  caused  thee  to  rest  from  all 
thine  enemies. 

Answer.  And  I  was  with  thee 
whithersoever  thou  wentest,  to  estab 
lish  thy  kingdom  for  ever. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  And  I  was  with  thee 
whithersoever  thou  wentest,  to  estab 
lish  thy  kingdom  for  ever. 


Fourth  Day. 

MATTINS. 
First  Lesson. 

The   Lesson   is    taken  from  the    First 
Book  of  Kings   (ii.  12-14.) 

1\T  OW  the  sons  of  Eli  were  sons  of 
•^  Belial  ;  they  knew  not  the 
LORD,  nor  the  Priests'  duty  toward 
the  people  :  but,  when  any  man  offered 
sacrifice,  the  Priest's  servant  came 
while  the  flesh  was  in  seething,  with 
a  flesh-hook  of  three  teeth  in  his  hand  ; 
and  he  struck  it  into  the  pan,  or  kettle, 
or  cauldron,  or  pot  ;  all  that  the  flesh- 
hook  brought  up,  the  Priest  took  for 
himself.  So  they  did  unto  all  Israel 
that  came  unto  Shiloh.1 

First  Responsory. 

My  sins  are  many,  yea,  they  are 
more  in  number  than  the  sands  of  the 
sea  ;  I  am  not  worthy  to  look  up  to 
ward  heaven  because  of  the  multitude 
of  my  iniquities  ;  for  I  have  provoked 
Thee  to  anger,  and  done  evil  in  Thy 
sight. 

Verse.  2  For  I  acknowledge  my 
transgression,  and  my  sin  is  ever  be 


fore  me,  for  against  Thee  only  have  I 
sinned, — 

Answer.      And    done    evil    in    Thy 
sight. 

Second  Lesson .     (15-17.) 

A  LSO  before  they  burnt  the  fat,3 
^"*"  the  Priest's  servant  came,  and 
said  to  the  man  that  sacrificed  :  Give 
me  flesh  to  cook  for  the  Priest  ;  for  I 
will  not  have  cooked  flesh  of  thee,  but 
raw.  And  he  that  sacrificed  said  unto 
him  :  Let  the  fat  first  be  burnt  this 
day,  as  the  custom  is  ;  and  then  take 
as  much  as  thy  soul  desireth.  Then 
he  answered  and  said  unto  him  :  Nay, 
but  thou  shalt  give  it  me  now,  and  if 
not,  I  will  take  it  by  force.  Where 
fore  the  sin  of  the  young  men  was 
very  great  before  the  LORD,  for  they 
made  men  to  abhor  the  offering  of  the 
LORD. 

Second  Responsory.^ 

O  Lord,  Thou  hast  hearkened  unto 
the  prayer  of  Thy  servant,  that  I 
might  build  a  temple  unto  Thy  Name, 
O  God  of  Israel,  bless  Thou,  and 
hallow  this  house  for  ever  ! 

Verse.  O  Lord,  Who  keepest  cov 
enant  with  Thy  servants  that  walk 
before  Thee  in  all  their  heart. 

Answer.  O  God  of  Israel,  bless 
Thou,  and  hallow  this  house  for  ever  ! 

Third  Lesson.      (18-21.) 

T)UT  Samuel  ministered  before  the 
•*-*  LORD,  being  a  child,  girded  with 
a  linen  ephod.5  Moreover,  his  mother 
made  him  a  little  coat,  and  brought 
it  to  him  from  year  to  year,  when  she 
came  up  with  her  husband  to  offer  the 
solemn  sacrifice.  And  Eli  blessed 

2  Ps.  1.  5,  6. 


1  To  see  their  iniquity,  read  Lev.  vii.  29-37. 
s  Concerning  this  accusation  see  Lev.  iii.  3-5,  vii.  31. 

4  Founded  on  Solomon's  Prayer  at  the  Dedication  of  the  Temple,  3(1)  Kings  vin.  23. 
A  thing  something  like  a  dalmatic  without  sleeves.     It  reached  towards  the  knees. 


FIRST   WEEK   AFTER    PENTECOST. 


225 


Elkanah  and  his  wife,  and  said  unto 
him  :  The  LORD  give  thee  seed  of  this 
woman,  for  the  loan  which  thou  hast 
lent  to  the  LORD.  And  they  went  unto 
their  own  home.  The  LORD  there 
fore  visited  Hannah,  and  she  con 
ceived,  and  bare  three  sons  and  two 
daughters  :  and  the  child  Samuel 
grew  before  the  LORD. 

Third  Responsory.^ 

Hearken,  O  LORD,  unto  the  cry 
and  to  the  prayer  which  Thy  servant 
prayeth  before  Thee  to-day,  that  Thine 
eyes  may  be  open  and  Thine  ears 
attent  toward  this  house  day  and 
night. 

Verse.  Look  down  from  Thine  high 
and  holy  place,  O  LORD,  even  from 
heaven  Thy  dwelling, — 

Answer.  Toward  this  house,  day 
and  night. 

Verse.      Glory    be    to    the    Father, 


and    to    the    Son,    and    to    the    Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.      Toward   this   house  day 
and  night. 

At  the  beginning  of  the  Martyrology 
is  said, — 

The    morrow    is    the    Feast    of   the 
Most  Holy  Body  of  Christ. 


The  next  day,  being  Thursday,  is 
kept  the  Feast  of  Corpus  Christi,  a 
Double  of  the  First  Class.  It  can 
not  be  displaced.  If  a  Feast  of  a 
Doctor  of  the  Church  or  of  the  rank  of 
Greater  Double  or  higher  fall  on  the 
same  day,  it  is  transferred  to  the  first 
unoccupied  day  after  the  Octave  of 
Corpus  Christi.  Any  other  Feast  so 
falling  is  left  unnoticed.  The  Vespers 
071  Wednesday  evening  are  the  First 
Vespers  of  Corpus  Christi. 


i  From  Solomon's  Prayer  at  the  Dedication  of  the  Temple.     2  Par.  (Chron.)  vi.  40;  3  (i; 
Kings  viii.  28. 


226 


of  CTorpug  ©firtett 

Feast  of  the  Body  of  Christ.^ 
Double  of  tJie  First  Class. 


All  as  on  Sundays  except  the  fol 
lowing* 

Note.  When  this  Office  is  used  as  a 
Votive  Office  out  of  Paschal-time,  the 
word  "  Alleluia  "  is  omitted  wherever 
it  is  here  given  in  brackets,  [  ],  but 
when  so  used  within  Paschal-time  the 
aforesaid  word  is  i?iserted  whenever 
given  thus,  "*  P.  T.  Alleluia,"  in 
addition  to  the  others.  The  further 
changes  required  in  the  Votive  Office 
are  given  in  a  Note  at  the  end? 


FIRST    VESPERS. 

Chapter  and  Prayer  from  Lauds. 

First  Antiphon.  3  Christ  the  Lord, 
being  made  an  High  Priest  for  ever  * 
after  the  order  of  Melchisedec,  hath 
offered  bread  and  wine.  *  P.  T. 
Alleluia. 

Second  Antiphon.  He  hath  made 
His  wonderful  works  to  be  remem 
bered  ;  *  the  LORD  is  [gracious  and] 
full  of  compassion.  He  hath  given 
meat  unto  them  that  fear  Him.  *  P. 
T.  Alleluia. 


Third  Antiphon.  I 
cup  of  salvation,  *  and 
fice  of  thanksgiving. 


will    take    the 
offer  the  sacri 
*  P.  T.  Alleluia. 


Psalm  CXV. 

I  believed,  therefore  have  I  spoken, 
&c,  (p.  185.) 

Fourth  Antiphon.  Let  the  children 
of  the  Church  be  like  olive-plants  * 
round  about  the  table  of  the  Lord. 
*  P.  T.  Alleluia. 


Psalm  CXXVII. 
Blessed  is  every  one,  &c..  (/.  191.) 

Fifth  Antiphon.  The  Lord,  That 
maketh  peace  in  the  borders  of  the 
Church,  *  filleth  her  with  the  finest  of 
the  wheat.  *  P.  T.  Alleluia. 

Psalm  CXLVII. 

Praise  the  LORD,  O  Jerusalem,  &c., 

(p.  203.) 


1  /.£.,  as  really  present  in  the  Most  Holy  Sacrament  of  the  Altar. 

2  As  to  the  omission  and  addition  of  the  Alleluia  in  the  Votive  Office  the  divergence  of  the 
authorities  consulted  by  the  translator  causes  him  some  uneasiness.      In  this  translation  the 
sense  of  the  majority  is  followed. 

3  Heb.  vi.  20 ;  Gen.  xiv.  18. 


CORPUS   CHRISTI. 


227 


Hymn.1 

QF  the  glorious  Body  telling, 

O  my  tongue,  Its  mystery  sing  ; 
And  the  Blood,  all  price  excelling, 

Which  for  this  world's  ransoming 
In  a  noble  womb  once  dwelling 

He  shed  forth,  the  Gentiles'  King. 

Given  for  us,  for  us  descending 

Of  a  Virgin  to  proceed, 
Man  with  man  in  converse  blending 

Scattered  He  the  Gospel  seed  : 
Till  His  sojourn  drew  to  ending 

Which  He  closed  in  wondrous  deed. 

At  the  Last  Great  Supper  seated, 
Circled  by  His  brethren's  band, 

All  the  Law  required,  completed, 
In  the  Feast  its  statutes  planned, 

To  the  twelve  Himself  He  meted 

For  their  Food,  with  His  own  Hand. 

Word  made  Flesh,  by  word  He  maketh 

Very  bread  His  Flesh  to  be  ; 
Man  for  wine  Christ's  Blood  partaketh  ; 

And  if  senses  fail  to  see, 
Faith  alone  the  true  heart  waketh 

To  behold  the  Mystery. 

Therefore,  we,  before  It  bending, 

This  great  Sacrament  adore  : 
Types  and  shadows  have  their  ending 

In  the  new  rite  evermore : 
Faith,  our  outward  sense  amending, 

Maketh  good  defects  before. 

Honour,  laud,  and  praise  addressing 

To  the  Father  and  the  Son, 
Might  ascribe  we,  virtue,  blessing, 

And  eternal  benison : 
Holy  Ghost,  from  Both  progressing, 

Equal  laud  to  Thee  be  done.     Amen. 

Verse.  2  Thou  didst  send  them 
from  heaven — [Alleluia.] 

Answer.  Bread  able  to  content 
every  man's  delight — [Alleluia.] 


Thy  children  when  Thou  didst  send 
them  from  heaven  bread  tempering 
itself  to  every  man's  liking,  O  Thou, 
Who  hast  filled  the  hungry  with  good 
things,  and  the  rich,  that  are  proud 
in  the  imagination  of  their  hearts,  Thou 
hast  sent  empty  away.  *  [P.  T. 
Alleluia.] 

At  Compline  and  every  other  Office 
throughout  the  Feast  and  Octave  the 
last  verse  of  the  Hymn  is  altered  in 
honour  of  the  Incarnation,  excepting 
only  the  three  Hymns  proper  to  the 
Feast. 

MATTINS. 

Invitatory.       O   come,    and    let    us 
worship  Christ, 

Of  all  the  nations  Lord,* 
Who  doth,  to  them  that  feed  on  Him, 

The  Bread  of  Life  afford. 
*  P.  T.  Alleluia. 


Hymn.^ 

T   ET  old  things  pass  away  ; 

Let  all  be  fresh  and  bright ; 
And  welcome  we  with  hearts  renewed 
This  Feast  of  new  delight. 

Upon  this  hallowed  eve, 
Christ  with  His  brethren  ate, 

Obedient  to  the  olden  Law, 
The  Pasch  before  Him  set. 

Which  done, — Himself  entire, 

The  True  Incarnate  God, 
Alike  on  each,  alike  on  all, 

His  sacred  Hands  bestowed. 

He  gave  His  Flesh  ;  He  gave 
His  Precious  Blood  ;  and  said : 

"  Receive  an.d  drink  ye  all  of  This 
For  your  salvation  shed." 


Antiphon  at  the  Song  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin.      3  O  Lord,  how  kindly  is  Thy 


Thus  did  the  Lord  appoint 
This  Sacrifice  sublime, 

And  made  His  Priests  the  ministers 
Through  all  the  bounds  of  time. 

1  Hymn  by  St  Thomas  Aquinas  ;  translation  by  the  late  Dr  Neale  (two  words  altered,  '•  noble 
for  ' '  generous,"  as  a  translation  of  "  generosi "  in  the  ist,  and  "  for     for     in     in  the  4th. ) 

2  Wisd.  xvi.  20.  »  Wisd.  xh.  i  ;  xvi.  21. 
4  Hymn  by  St  Thomas  Aquinas ;  translation  by  the  Rev.  b.  Caswall. 


Spirit  !    *    even    Thine,     Whose    sus 
tenance  declared  Thy  sweetness  unto 


228 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


Farewell  to  types  !  henceforth 

We  feed  on  Angels'  Food  ; 
The  slave — O,  wonder  ! — eats  the  Flesh 

Of  his  Incarnate  God  ! 

O  Blessed  Three  in  One  ! 

Visit  our  hearts,  we  pray, 
And  lead  us  on  through  Thine  own  paths 

To  Thy  eternal  day.     Amen. 


FIRST  NOCTURN. 

In  Paschal-time  only  one  Antiphon, 
namely  the  First,  is  said  at  each  Noc- 
turn. 

First  Antiphon.  The  Lord  brought 
forth  His  fruit  in  the  season  of  His 
death,  *  even  that  fruit  whereof  if  any 
man  eat,  he  shall  live  for  ever.1  *  P. 
T.  Alleluia. 

Psalm  I. 
Blessed  is  the  man,  &c.,  (/.  4.) 

Second  Antiphon.  His  faithful  ones 
which  are  increased  by  the  fruit  of  His 
corn  and  His  wine  *  do  lay  them 
down  in  peace  and  sleep  in  Christ. 

Psalm  IV. 
When  I  called,  &c.,  (p.  206.) 

Third  Antiphon.  2  Us,  being  many, 
hath  the  Lord  made  one  body,  *  for 
we  are  all  partakers  of  that  one  cup, 
which  is  not  the  communion  of  the 
blood  of  bulls,  but  of  God  Himself. 

Psalm  XV. 
Preserve  me,  O  Lord,  &c.,  (p.  12.) 

Verse.  3  He  gave  them  of  the  bread 
of  heaven — [Alleluia.] 

Answer.  Man  did  eat  Angels' 
bread — [Alleluia.  ] 


First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  First 
Epistle  of  the  Blessed  Apostle  Paul 
to  the  Corinthians  (xi.  20.) 

"\X7"HEN  ye  come  together,  there 
fore,  into  one  place,  this  is  not 
to  eat  the  Lord's  Supper.  For  every 
one  taketh  before  his  own  supper  to 
eat,  and  one  is  hungry,  and  another 
is  drunken.  What !  have  ye  not 
houses  to  eat  and  to  drink  in  ?  or 
despise  ye  the  Church  of  God,  and 
shame  them  that  have  not  ?  What 
shall  I  say  to  you  ?  Do  I  praise  you  ? 
In  this  I  praise  you  not. 

First  Responsory. 

4  The  whole  assembly  of  the  children 
of  Israel  shall  kill  the  lamb  toward 
the  evening  of  the  Passover.  And 
they  shall  eat  the  flesh,  and  unleavened 
bread.  *  P.  T.  Alleluia. 

Verse.  5  Even  Christ  our  Pass 
over  is  sacrificed  for  us  ;  therefore  let 
us  keep  the  feast  with  the  unleavened 
bread  of  sincerity  and  truth. 

Answer.  And  they  shall  eat  the 
flesh,  and  unleavened  bread.  *  P.  T. 
Alleluia. 

Second  Lesson. 

IpOR  I  have  received  of  the  Lord 
that  which  also  I  delivered  unto 
you,  That  the  Lord  JESUS,  the  same 
night  in  which  He  was  betrayed,  took 
bread ;  and,  when  He  had  given 
thanks,  He  brake  it,  and  said  :  Take, 
eat:  This  is  My  Body,  Which  shall 
be  given  for  you ;  this  do  in  re 
membrance  of  Me.  After  the  same 
manner  also  He  took  the  cup,  when 
He  had  supped,  saying :  This  Cup  is 
the  New  Testament  in  My  Blood. 
This  do  ye,  as  oft  as  ye  drink  it,  in 
remembrance  of  Me.  For  as  often  as 


1  John  vi.  51. 
4  Exod.  xii.  6, 


2  i  Cor.  x.  17  ;  Heb.  ix.  13,  14. 
5  i  Cor.  v.  7,  8. 


3  Ps.  Ixxvii.  24,  25. 


CORPUS   CHRISTI. 


229 


ye  eat  this  Bread,  and  drink  this  Cup, 
ye  do  show  the  Lord's  death  till  He 
come. 

Second  Responsory. 

1  Ye  shall  eat  flesh,  and  shall  be 
filled  with  bread.  *  This  is  the  bread 
which  the  LORD  hath  given  you  to  eat. 
*  P.  T.  Alleluia. 

Verse.  2  Moses  gave  you  not  that 
Bread  from  heaven,  but  My  Father 
giveth  you  the  true  Bread  from  heaven. 

Answer.  This  is  the  bread  which 
the  LORD  hath  given  you  to  eat.  * 
P.  T.  Alleluia. 


of   that    meat    [forty    days    and    forty 
nights]     unto     the     mount    of    God. 

*  P.    T.  Alleluia. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and 
to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Answer.  And  went  in  the  strength 
of  that  meat  [forty  days  and  forty 
nights]  unto  the  mount  of  God. 

*  P.    T.  Alleluia. 


SECOND    NOCTURN. 

First  Antiphon.  The  Lord  remem 
ber  our  offering,  *  and  accept  our 
burnt-sacrifice.  *  P.  T.  Alleluia. 


Third  Lesson. 


whosoever  shall 
eat  this  Bread,  or  drink  the 
Cup  of  the  Lord,  unworthily,  shall  be 
guilty  of  the  Body  and  Blood  of  the 
Lord.  But  let  a  man  examine  himself, 
and  so  let  him  eat  of  that  Bread,  and 
drink  of  that  Cup.  For  he  that  eateth 
and  drinketh  unworthily,  eateth  and 
drinketh  damnation  to  himself,  not 
discerning  the  Lord's  Body.  For  this 
cause  many  are  weak  and  sickly  among 
you,  and  many  sleep.  For  if  we 
would  judge  ourselves,  we  should  not 
be  judged.  But  when  we  are  judged, 
we  are  chastened  of  the  Lord,  that 
we  should  not  be  condemned  with  the 
world. 

Third  Responsory. 

3  Elijah  looked,  and,  behold,  there 
was  a  cake  baken  on  the  coals  at 
his  head,  and  he  arose,  and  did  eat 
and  drink  ;  and  went  in  the  strength 
of  that  meat  [forty  days  and  forty 
nights]  unto  the  mount  of  God. 
*  P.  T.  Alleluia. 

Verse.  4  If  any  man  eat  of  this 
Bread,  he  shall  live  for  ever. 

Answer.      And  went  in  the  strength 


Psalm  XIX. 
The  LORD  hear  thee,  £c.,  (p    18.) 

Second  Antiphon.  The  Lord  pre- 
pareth  His  Table  before  us  *  in  the 
presence  of  our  enemies. 

Psalm  XXII. 

The  LORD  is  my  Shepherd,  &c., 
(A  47-) 

Third  Antiphon.  Let  them  that 
keep  holiday  around  the  table  of  the 
Lord  *  make  the  voice  of  joy  and 
praise  to  be  heard  [in  the  house  of 
God.] 

Psalm  XLI. 
As  the  hart  panteth,  £c.,  (p.  95.) 

Verse.  5  He  fed  them  with  the 
finest  of  the  wheat — [Alleluia.] 

Answer.  And  with  honey  out  of 
the  Rock  did  He  satisfy  them — 
[Alleluia.] 

Fotirth  Lesson. 

The   Lesson    is    taken    from    the    Ser 
mons    of   St    Thomas    of   Aquino.6 


1  Exod.  xvi.  12,  15. 
4  John  vi.  51. 


2  John  vi.  32.  3  3  (i)  Kings  xix.  6, 

5  Ps.  Ixxx.  17.  6  March  7. 


230 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


h  or  57^  of  his   Opuscula,  or 
Lesser  Works.} 

'""PHE  immeasurable  benefits,  which 
the  goodness  of  God  hath  be 
stowed  on  Christian  people,  have 
conferred  on  them  also  a  dignity 
beyond  all  price.  "  For  what  nation 
is  there  so  great,  who  hath  gods  so 
nigh  unto  them,  as  the  LORD,  our 
God,  is"  unto  us?  (Deut.  iv.  7.) 
The  Only-begotten  Son  of  God,  being 
pleased  to  make  us  "  partakers  of 
the  Divine  nature,"  (2  Pet.  i.  4,) 
took  our  nature  upon  Him,  being 
Himself  made  Man  that  He  might 
make  men  gods.  And  all,  as  much 
of  ours  as  He  took,  He  applied  to 
our  salvation.  On  the  Altar  of  the 
Cross  He  offered  up  His  Body  to 
God  the  Father  as  a  sacrifice  for 
our  reconciliation  ;  He  shed  His 
Blood  as  the  price  whereby  He  re- 
deemeth  us  from  wretchedness  and 
bondage,  and  the  washing  whereby 
He  cleanseth  us  from  all  sin.  And 
for  a  noble  and  abiding  memorial 
of  that  so  great  work  of  His  good 
ness,  He  hath  left  unto  His  faithful 
ones  the  Same  His  very  Body  for 
Meat,  and  the  Same  His  very  Blood 
for  Drink,  to  be  fed  upon  •  under  the 
appearance  of  bread  and  wine. 


Fourth  Responsory. 

1  As  they  were  eating,  JESUS  took 
bread,  and  blest  it,  and  brake  it, 
and  gave  it  to  the  disciples,  and 
said  :  Take,  eat  ;  this  is  My  Body. 
*  P.  T.  Alleluia. 

Verse.  2  The  men  of  my  taber 
nacle  said :  O  that  we  had  of  his 
flesh  !  wre  cannot  be  satisfied. 

Answer.  Take,  eat  ;  this  is  My 
Body.  *  P.  T.  Alleluia. 


Fifth  Lesson. 

C\  HOW  precious  a  thing  then,  how 
^^  marvellous,  how  health-giving, 
how  furnished  with  all  dainties,  is 
the  Supper  [of  the  Lord  !]  Than 
His  Supper  can  anything  be  more 
precious  ?  Therein  there  is  put  be 
fore  us  for  meat,  not,  as  of  old 
time,  the  flesh  of  bulls  and  of  goats, 
but  Christ  Himself,  our  very  God. 
Than  this  Sacrament  can  anything 
be  more  marvellous  ?  Therein  it 
cometh  to  pass  that  bread  and  wine 
are  bread  and  wine  no  more,  but  in 
the  stead  thereof  there  is  the  Body 
and  there  is  the  Blood  of  Christ  ; 3 
that  is  to  say,  Christ  Himself,  Per 
fect  God  and  Perfect  Man,  Christ 
Himself  is  there,  under  the  appear 
ance  of  a  little  bread  and  wine. 
His  faithful  ones  eat  Him,  but  He 
is  not  mangled  ;  nay,  when  [the  veil 
which  shroudeth  Him  in]  this  Sac 
rament  is  broken,  in  each  broken 
piece  thereof  remaineth  whole  Christ 
Himself,  Perfect  God  and  Perfect 
Man.  All  that  the  senses  can  reach 
in  this  Sacrament,  [look,  taste,  feel, 
smell,  and  the  like,  all  these]  abide 
of  bread  and  wine,  but  the  Thing 
is  not  bread  and  wine.  And  thus 
room  is  left  for  faith  ;  Christ  Who 
hath  a  Form  That  can  be  seen,  is 
here  taken  and  received  not  only 
unseen,  but  seeming  to  be  bread 
and  wine,  and  the  senses,  which 
judge  by  the  wonted  look,  are  war 
ranted  against  error. 

Fifth  Responsory. 

4  JESUS  took  the  cup,  after  supper, 
saying  :   This  cup  is  the  New  Testa 
ment  in   My  Blood.      This  do  in  re 
membrance  of  Me.      *  P.  T.  Alleluia. 
Verse.     My   soul    hath   them 5  still 


i  Matth.  xxvi.  26.  2  Job  xxxi.  31. 

3  Panis  et  vinum  in  Christ!  Corpus  et  Sanguinem  substantialiter  convertuntur. 

4  Luke  xxii.  20,  19. 

5  Viz. ,  the  affliction  and  the  misery,  the  wormwood  and  the  gall.     See  context  in  Lam.  lii.  20. 


CORPUS   CHRISTI. 


231 


in   remembrance,   and    is   humbled    in 


me. 


Answer.      This  do  in  remembrance 
of  Me.     *  P.  T.  Alleluia. 


Sixth  Lesson. 


T 


HAN  this  Sacrament  can  any 
thing  be  more  health  -  giving  ? 
Thereby  are  sins  purged  away, 
strength  renewed,  and  the  soul  fed 
upon  the  fatness  of  spiritual  gifts. 
This  Supper  is  offered  up  in  the 
Church  both  for  the  quick  and 
dead  ;  it  was  ordained  to  the  health 
of  all,  all  get  the  good  of  it.  Than 
this  Sacrament  can  anything  be 
more  furnished  with  dainties  ?  The 
glorious  sweetness  thereof  is  of  a 
truth  such  that  no  man  can  fully 
tell  it.  Therein  ghostly  comfort  is 
sucked  from  its  very  well  -  head. 
Therein  a  memorial  is  made  of 
that  exceeding  great  love  which 
Christ  showed  in  time  of  His  suffer 
ings.  It  was  in  order  that  the 
boundless  goodness  of  that  His 
great  love  might  be  driven  home 
into  the  hearts  of  His  faithful  ones, 
that  when  He  had  celebrated  the 
Passover  with  His  disciples,  and  the 
last  Supper  was  ended,  the  Lord 
"  JESUS,  knowing  that  His  hour  was 
come  that  He  should  depart  out  of 
this  world  unto  the  Father,  having 
loved  His  own  which  were  in  the 
world,  He  loved  them  unto  the 
end,"  (John  xiii.  I,) — and  instituted 
this  Sacrament,  -  -  this  Sacrament, 
the  everlasting  forth  -  "  showing  of 
His  death  until  He  come "  again, 

(i   Cor.  xi.  26,)  this  Sacrament, 

the  embodied  fulfilment  of  all  the 
ancient  types  and  figures,  -  -  this 
Sacrament,  the  greatest  miracle  which 
He  ever  wrought,  and  the  one  mighty 
joy  of  them  that  now  have  sorrow, 
till  He  shall  come  again,  and  their 

John  vi.  48-51. 


heart    shall   rejoice,   and   their  joy  no 
man  take  from  them.      (John  xvi.  22.) 

Sixth  Responsory. 

1  I  am  that  Bread  of  life.  Your 
fathers  did  eat  manna  in  the  wilder 
ness,  and  are  dead.  This  is  the 
Bread  Which  cometh  down  from 
heaven,  that  a  man  may  eat  thereof, 
and  not  die. 

Verse.  I  am  the  living  Bread 
Which  came  down  from  heaven  ;  if 
any  man  eat  of  this  Bread,  he  shall 
live  for  ever. 

Answer.  This  is  the  Bread  \Vhich 
cometh  down  from  heaven,  that  a 
man  may  eat  thereof,  and  not  die. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  This  is  the  Bread  Which 
cometh  down  from  heaven,  that  a 
man  may  eat  thereof,  and  not  die. 

THIRD    NOCTURN. 

First  Antiphon.  I  will  go  unto 
the  Altar  of  God  ;  *  I  will  feed  on 
Christ,  Which  is  the  Renewer  of  my 
youth.  *  P.  T.  Alleluia. 

Psalm  XLII. 
Judge  me,  O  God,  &c.,  (p.  105.) 

Second  Antiphon.  The  Lord  hath 
fed  us  *  with  the  finest  of  the  wheat, 
and  with  honey  out  of  the  Rock 2 
hath  He  satisfied  us. 

Psalm  LXXX. 
Sing  aloud  unto  God,  &c.,  (p.  140.) 

Third  Antiphon.  It  is  at  Thine 
Altar,  O  Lord,  *  that  we  do  feed  on 
Christ,  for  Whom  our  heart  and  our 
flesh  crieth  out. 

2  i  Cor.  x.  4. 


232 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON, 


Psalm  LXXXIIL 

How  lovely  are  Thy  tabernacles, 
&c.,  (p.  142.) 

Verse.  x  Thou  bringest  forth  food 
out  of  the  earth  !  [Alleluia.] 

Answer.  And  wine  that  maketh 
glad  the  heart  of  man.  [Alleluia.] 

Seventh  Lesson. 

The   Lesson   is  taken   from   the  Holy 
Gospel  according  to  John  (vi.  56.) 

A  T  that  time  :  JESUS  said  unto  the 
*"*'  multitudes  of  the  Jews  :  My 
Flesh  is  meat  indeed,  and  My  Blood 
is  drink  indeed.  And  so  on. 

Homily  by  St  Austin,  Bishop  [of 
Hippo.]  (26th  Tract  on  John.} 

By  use  of  meat  and  drink  men 
would  fain  that  "  they  shall  hunger  no 
more,  neither  thirst  any  more,"  (Apoc. 
vii.  1 6,)  and  yet  there  is  but  one 
Meat  and  one  Drink,  Which  doth  work 
in  them  that  feed  thereon  that  "  this 
corruptible  must  put  on  incorruption, 
and  this  mortal  put  on  immortality," 
(i  Cor.  xv.  53,) — namely  communion 
with  that  general  assembly2  and 
Church  of  God's  holy  children,  who 
are  "kept  in  perfect  peace,"  (Isa.  xxvi. 
3,)  and  are  "all  one,"  (John  xvii.  11,) 
fully  and  utterly.  And  therefore  it  is, 
as  men  of  God  before  our  time  have 
taken  it,  that  our  Lord  JESUS  Christ 
hath  set  before  us  His  Body  and  His 
Blood  in  the  likeness  of  things  which, 
from  being  many,  are  reduced  into 
one.  In  one  loaf  are  many  grains  of 
corn,  and  one  cup  of  wine  the  juice 
of  many  grapes.  And  now  He  giveth 
us  to  know  how  that  which  He  spake 
cometh  to  pass,  and  how  indeed  "  this 
Man  can  give  us  His  Flesh  to  eat," 
and  His  Blood  to  drink. 


Seventh  Responsory. 

3  He  that  eateth  My  Flesh  and 
drinketh  My  Blood,  dwelleth  in  Me, 
and  I  in  him.  *  P.  T.  Alleluia. 

Verse.  4  What  nation  is  there  so 
great,  who  hath  gods  so  nigh  unto 
them,  as  the  LORD  our  God  is  to  us  ? 

Answer.  Dwelleth  in  Me,  and  I 
in  him.  *  P.  T.  Alleluia. 

Eighth  Lesson. 

"  LJE  that  eateth  My  Flesh,  and 
1  X  drinketh  My  Blood,  dwelleth 
in  Me,  and  I  in  him."  To  dwell  in 
Christ,  therefore,  and  to  have  Him 
dwelling  in  us,  is  to  "  eat  of  that  Bread 
and  drink  of  that  Cup,"  (i  Cor.  xi. 
28,)  and  he  which  dwelleth  not  in 
Christ,  and  in  whom  Christ  dwelleth 
not,  without  all  doubt  doth  not 
spiritually  eat  His  Flesh  nor  drink 
His  Blood,  although  he  do  carnally 
and  visibly  press  the  Sacrament  with 
his  teeth  ;  but,  contrariwise,  he  "  eateth 
and  drinketh  damnation  to  himself," 
because  he  dareth  to  draw  nigh  filthy 
to  that  secret  and  holy  thing  of  Christ, 
whereunto  none  draweth  nigh  worthily, 
save  he  which  is  pure,  even  he  which 
is  of  them  concerning  whom  it  is 
said  : — "  Blessed  are  the  pure  in  heart, 
for  they  shall  see  God.  (Matth.  v.  8.) 

Eighth  Responsory. 

5  As  the  living  Father  hath  sent  Me, 
and  I  live  by  the  Father,  so  he  that 
eateth  Me,  even  he  shall  live  by  Me. 
*  P.  T.  Alleluia. 

Verse.  6  With  the  bread  of  life 
and  understanding  hath  the  Lord  fed 
him. 

Answer.  So  he  that  eateth  Me, 
even  he  shall  live  by  Me.  *  P.  T. 
Alleluia. 

Verse.      Glory    be     to     the    Father, 


1  Ps.  ciii.  14,  15. 
4  Deut.  iv.  7. 


'-  Heb.  xii.  23. 
5  John  vi.  58. 


">  John  vi.  57. 
6  Ecclus.  xv.  3. 


CORPUS   CHRISTI. 


233 


and    to   the    Son,    and    to    the    Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  So  he  -that  eateth  Me, 
even  he  shall  live  by  Me.  *  P.  T. 
Alleluia. 

Ninth  Lesson. 

"AS  the  living  Father  hath  sent  Me, 
'**•  and  I  live  by  the  Father,  so  he 
that  eateth  Me,  even  he  shall  live  by 
Me."  This  is  as  though  He  said: — 
The  Father  hath  sent  Me  into  the 
world  (John  x.  36,)  and  I  have  emptied 
Myself  [and  taken  upon  Me  the  form 
of  a  servant,  and  being  found  in 
fashion  as  a  man],  (Phil.  ii.  7,  8.) 
I  have  My  life  from  the  Father,  as 
One  That  is  greater  than  I.  (John  xiv. 
28.)  He  that  eateth  Me,  even  he, 
by  thereby  taking  part  in  Me,  shall 
live  by  Me.  It  is  as  having  humbled 
Myself  (Phil.  ii.  8)  that  I  live  by  the 
Father,  but  he  that  eateth  Me,  him 
will  I  raise  up,  (John  vi.  55,)  and  so 
he  shall  live  by  Me.  It  is  said  : — "  I 
live  by  the  Father  ; "  that  is  to  say, 
He  is  of  the  Father,  not  the  Father  of 
Him,  and  yet  not  so,  but  that  the 
Father  and  the  Son  are  co-equal  to 
gether.  Also  it  is  said  : — "  So  he  that 
eateth  Me,  even  he  shall  live  by  Me," 
whereby  He  showeth  the  gracious  work 
towards  His  people  of  Him  Who  is 
the  "  one  Mediator  between  God  and 
man,"  (i  Tim.  ii.  5,)  and  not  that  He 
Which  is  eaten  and  he  which  eateth 
Him  are  co-equal  together. 

The  Hymn,  "We  praise  Thee,  O 
God,  &c.,"  is  said. 

LAUDS. 

First  Antiphon.  l  Wisdom  hath 
builded  her  house,  *  she  hath  mingled 
her  wine,  she  hath  also  furnished  her 
table.  [Alleluia.] 


Second  Antiphon.  2  Thou  feddest 
Thine  Own  people  *  with  Angels'  food, 
and  didst  send  them  bread  from 
heaven.  [Alleluia.] 

Third  Antiphon.  Out  of  Christ 
His  bread  shall  be  fat,  *  and  He  shall 
yield  royal  dainties.3  [Alleluia.] 

Fourth  Antiphon.  4  The  Priests 
shall  be  holy  ;  *  for  the  offerings  [of 
the  LORD]  made  by  fire,  and  the  bread 
of  their  God,  they  do  offer,  [therefore 
they  shall  be  holy.]  [Alleluia.] 

Fifth  Antiphon.  5  To  him  that 
overcometh  will  I  give  of  the  hidden 
manna,  *  and  will  give  him  a  new 
name.  [Alleluia.] 

Chapter,      (i  Cor.  xi.  23.) 

TDRETHREN,  I  have  received  of 
the  Lord  that  which  also  I  de 
livered  unto  you,  that  the  Lord  JESUS, 
the  same  night  in  which  He  was  be 
trayed,  took  bread,  and,  when  He  had 
given  thanks,  He  brake  it,  and  said  : 
Take,  eat ;  this  is  My  Body,  Which 
shall  be  given  for  you :  this  do  in 
remembrance  of  Me. 

Hymn.6 

'T'HE  Word  of  God  proceeding  forth, 
Yet  leaving  not  the  Father's  side, 
And  going  to  His  work  on  earth, 

Had  reached  at  length  life's  eventide. 

By  a  disciple  to  be  given 
To  rivals  for  His  Blood  athirst ; 

Himself,  the  very  Bread  of  heaven, 
He  gave  to  His  disciples  first. 

He  gave  Himself  in  either  kind  ; 

His  Precious  Flesh  ;  His  Precious  Blood  ; 
Of  flesh  and  blood  is  man  combined, 

And  He  of  man  would  be  the  Food. 

In  Birth,  man's  Fellow-man  was  He  ; 

His  Meat,  while  sitting  at  the  Board  ; 
He  died,  his  Ransomer  to  be; 

He  reigns,  to  be  his  Great  Reward. 

-  Wisd.  xvi.  20. 


1  Prov.  ix.  i,  2. 

3  Adapted  from  Jacob's  blessing  on  Asher.     Gen.  xlix.  20. 

4  Lev   xxi.  6.  5  APOC-  "•  J7- 

6  Hymn  by  St  Thomas  Aquinas  ;  translation  extracted  from  the  "  Hymnal  Noted." 


234 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


O  Saving  Victim,  slain  to  bless  ! 

Who  openest  heaven's  bright  gates  to  all 
The  attacks  of  many  a  foe  oppress  ; 

Give  strength  in  strife,  and  help  in  fall. 

To  God,  the  Three  in  One,  ascend 
All  thanks  and  praise  for  evermore  ; 

He  grant  the  life  that  shall  not  end, 
Upon  the  heavenly  country's  shore. 

Amen. 


Verse.  He  maketh  peace  in  thy 
borders.  [Alleluia.] 

Answer.  And  filleth  thee  with  the 
finest  of  wheat.  [Alleluia.] 

Antiphon  at  the  Song  of  Zacharias. 
1  I  am  the  living  Bread  Which  came 
down  from  heaven  :  *  if  any  man  eat 
of  this  Bread  he  shall  live  for  ever. 
[Alleluia.] 


Prayer  throughout  the  Office. 

(~\  GOD,  Who  under  a  wonderful 
^-^  Sacrament  hast  left  unto  us 
whereby  to  show  forth  thy  Suffering 
Death,  grant  unto  us,  we  beseech  Thee, 
so  reverently  to  handle  the  Sacred 
Mysteries  of  Thy  Body  and  Thy 
Blood  that  we  may  alway  feel  within 
ourselves  the  fruit  of  Thy  Redeeming 
Work.  Who  livest  and  reignest  with 
God  the  Father,  in  the  unity  of  the 
Holy  Ghost,  one  God,  world  without 
end.  Amen. 

Antiphon.        Wisdom,    &c.      (First 
Antiphon  at  Lauds.} 

The  Psalms  are  LIIL  and  the  two 
first  parts  of  C XVIII. 

In  the  Short  Responsory,  instead  of 
"  Thou  That  sittest,  £c.,"  is  said, 

Verse.     Thou  That  wast  born  of  the 
Virgin  Mary. 


Chapter  at  the  end.      (i  Cor.  xi.  27.) 

shall  eat  this  Bread, 
or  drink  this  Cup  of  the  Lord 
unworthily,  shall  be  guilty  of  the  Body 
and  Blood  of  the  Lord. 


TERCE. 

Throughout  this  Service  "  Alleluias  " 
are  added  as  if  it  were  Paschal-time, 
but  not  so  when  used  as  a  Votive  Office 
out  of  Paschal-time. 

Antiphon.  Thou  feddest,  &c., 
(Second  Antiphon  at  Lauds.} 

Chapter  from  Lauds. 


Short  Responsory. 

He  gave  them  of  the  bread  of 
heaven— [Alleluia,  Alleluia.] 

Answer.  He  gave  them  of  the  bread 
of  heaven. — [Alleluia,  Alleluia.] 

Verse.      Man  did  eat  Angels'  bread. 

Answer.     [Alleluia,  Alleluia.] 

In  the  Votive  Office  out  of  Paschal- 
time  :  "  The  bread  of  heaven." 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  He  gave  them  of  the 
bread  of  heaven.  [Alleluia,  Al- 
eluia.] 

Verse.  He  fed  them  with  the  finest 
of  the  wheat.  [Alleluia.] 

Answer.  And  with  honey  out  of 
the  rock  did  He  satisfy  them.  [Alleluia.] 


SEXT. 

Throughout  this  Service  "Alleluias  " 
are  added  as  if  it  were  Paschal-time, 
but  not  so  when  used  as  a  Votive  Office 
out  of  Paschal-time. 

Antiphon.  Out  of  Christ,  £c. 
(Third  Antiphon  at  Lauds.} 


1  John  vi.  51. 


CORPUS   CHRISTI. 


235 


Chapter,      (i  Cor.  xi.  26.) 

T^OR  as  often  as  ye  eat  this   Bread, 
and  drink  this  Cup,  ye  do  show 
the  Lord's  death  till  He  come. 


Short  Responsory. 

He  fed  them  with  the  finest  of  the 
wheat.  [Alleluia,  Alleluia.] 

Answer.  He  fed  them  with  the 
finest  of  the  wheat.  [Alleluia,  Alleluia.  ] 

Verse.  And  with  honey  out  of  the 
rock  did  He  satisfy  them. 

Answer.     [Alleluia,  Alleluia.] 

In  the  Votive  Office  out  of  Paschal- 
time  :  "  The  finest  of  the  wheat." 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and 
to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Answer.  He  fed  them  with  the 
finest  of  the  wheat.  [Alleluia,  Al 
leluia.] 

Verse.  Thou  bringest  forth  food  out 
of  the  earth.  [Alleluia.] 

Answer.  And  wine  that  maketh 
glad  the  heart  of  man.  [Alleluia.] 

NONE. 

Throughout  this  Service  "Alleluias  " 
are  added  as  if  it  were  Paschal-time, 
except  when  used  as  a  Votive  Office  out 
of  Paschal-time. 

Antiphon.  To  him  that  overcometh, 
£c.,  (Fifth  Antiphon  at  Lauds.} 

Chapter  as  at  the  end  of  Prime. 


Short  Responsory. 

Thou  bringest  forth  food  out  of  the 
earth.  [Alleluia,  Alleluia.] 

Answer.  Thou  bringest  forth  food 
out  of  the  earth.  [Alleluia,  Alleluia.] 

Verse.  And  wine  that  maketh  glad 
the  heart  of  man. 

Answer.     [Alleluia,  Alleluia.] 

1  i  Cor.  xi,  26, 


In  the  Votive  Office  out  of  Paschal- 
time  :  "  Out  of  the  Earth." 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and 
to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Answer.  Thou  bringest  forth  food 
out  of  the  earth.  [Alleluia,  Alleluia.] 

Verse.  He  maketh  peace  in  thy 
borders.  [Alleluia.] 

Answer.  And  filleth  thee  with  the 
finest  of  the  wheat.  [Alleluia.] 

SECOND    VESPERS. 
Alias  the  First,  except  the  following  : 

Antiphon  at  the  Song  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin.  Holy  exceedingly  is  the 
Supper  of  the  Lord,  *  wherein  we  do 
feed  on  Christ,  do  show  His  death  till 
He  come,1  do  get  grace  abundantly  to 
our  souls,  and  do  take  pledge  of  the 
glory  which  shall  hereafter  be  revealed 
in  us.2  [Alleluia.] 


OFFICE  OF  CORPUS  CHRISTI  AS  A 
VOTIVE  OFFICE,  IN  HONOUR  OF 
THE  MOST  HOLY  SACRAMENT,  ON 
THURSDAYS. 

//  is  permitted  that  on  all  Thurs 
days,  with  certain  exceptions,  the  Office 
of  Corpus  Christi,  with  certain  altera 
tions,  be  said  instead  of  the  Office  of 
the  day. 

The  Thursdays  excepted  are 

(a.}  Any  Thursday  whatsoever  upo?i 
which  Nine  Lessons  are  read,  by  reason 
of  any  Festal  Office,  either  belonging  to 
the  day  or  transferred  to  it. 

(&)  The  Thursdays  in  Advent, 
Lent,  and  the  Octaves  of  Easter  a?id 
Pentecost. 

(Y.)  All  Eves. 

(d.}  Thursdays  to  which  the  Sun 
day  Office  may  be  transferred  according 
to  the  Pye.  iv.  4,  5. 

2  Rom.  viii.  18. 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


The  alterations  in  the  Office  itself 
are 

(a.}  It  is  semidouble,  with  the 
Common  Commemorations  at  Vespers 
and  Lauds,  and  Preces  at  Compline 
and  Prime,  Its  relations  to  a  Simple 
Office  on  Thursday  itself,  or  a  Semi- 
double  or  Double  Office  on  Wednesday 
or  Friday,  are  arranged  hi  the  same 
•way  as  if  it  were  a  Semidouble 
Festival. 

(b.}  The  saying  or  omitting  of  tJic 
"  Alleluia  "  is  as  immediately  hereto 
fore  given  in  the  Office  itself. 

(c.}  The  Lessons  of  the  First  Noc- 
tur7i  are  from  Scripture  according  to 
the  Season. 

(d. )  The  Lessons  of  the  Second  Noc- 
turn  are 

In  January  and  February,  as  on 
Saturday  within  the  Octave. 

In  March  and  April,  as  on  Sunday 
within  the  Octave. 

In  May  and  June,  as  on  Monday 
within  the  Octave. 

In  July  and  August,  as  on  Tues 
day  within  the  Octave. 

In  Septeuiber  and  October,  as  on 
Wednesday  within  the  Octave. 

In  November  and  December,  as  on 
the  Octave  Day. 

(e.)  The  Lessons  of  the  Third  Noc- 
turn  are 

In  January  and  February,  as  011 
Friday  within  the  Octave. 

In  March  and  April,  as  on  Satur 
day  within  the  Octave. 

In  May  and  June,  as  on  Monday 
within  the  Octave. 

In  July  and  August,  as  on  Tues 
day  within  the  Octave. 

In  September  and  October,  as  on 
Wednesday  within  the  Octave. 

In  November  and  December,  as  on 
the  Octave  Day. 

N.B. — In  Paschal-time  Prime  and 
Compline  are  said  in  the  Paschal 
manner. 


Sixth  Day,  within  the  Octave  of  the 
Feast  of  the  Body  of  Christ. 

All  as  on  the  Feast  except  that  the 
AntipJions  are  not  doubled  and  the 
following 

FIRST    NOCTURN. 

First  Less 07i. 

The   Lesson  is  taken  from    the    First 
Book  of  Kings  (ii.  27.) 

A  ND  there  came  a  man  of  God  un 
to  Eli,  and  said  unto  him  :  Thus 
saith  the  LORD  :  Did  not  I  plainly 
appear  unto  the  house  of  thy  father, 
when  they  were  in  Egypt,  in  Pharaoh's 
house  ?  And  I  chose  him  out  of  all 
the  tribes  of  Israel  to  be  My  Priest, 
to  go  up  unto  Mine  Altar,  and  to  burn 
incense  unto  Me,  and  to  wear  an  ephod 
before  Me.  And  I  gave  unto  the 
house  of  thy  father  all  the  offerings 
made  by  fire  of  the  children  of  Israel. 
Wherefore  kick  ye  at  My  sacrifice,  and 
at  Mine  offerings  which  I  have  com 
manded,  that  they  should  be  offered 
in  My  habitation  ?  And  honourest 
thy  sons  above  Me,  to  make  your 
selves  fat  with  the  chiefest  of  all  the 
offerings  of  Israel,  My  people  ? 

Second  Lesson. 

VyHEREFORE,  the  LORD  God  of 
Israel  saith  :  I  said  indeed  that 
thy  house,  and  the  house  of  thy  father 
should  minister  before  Me  for  ever. 
But  now  the  LORD  saith  :  Be  it  far 
from  Me  ;  for  them  that  honour  Me, 
I  will  honour  ;  and  they  that  despise 
Me  shall  be  lightly  esteemed.  Be 
hold,  the  days  come  that  I  will  cut  off 
thine  arm,  and  the  arm  of  thy  father's 
house,  that  there  shall  not  be  an  old 
man  in  thine  house.  And  thou  shalt 
see  thine  enejny,  in  My  habitation,  and 


WITHIN    THE   OCTAVE   OF   CORPUS   CHRISTI. 


237 


in  all  the  wealth  [which  God  shall 
give]  Israel ;  and  there  shall  not  be  an 
old  man  in  thine  house  for  ever. 
Nevertheless,  I  will  not  utterly  cut  off 
every  man  of  thine  from  Mine  altar  ; 
lest  thine  eyes  fail,  and  thy  soul  faint : 
but  great  part  of  thine  house  shall  die 
when  they  come  to  man's  estate. 

Third  Lesson. 

A  ND  this  shall  be  a  sign  unto  thee, 
that  shall  come  upon  thy  two 
sons,  on  Hophni  and  Phinehas :  In 
one  day  they  shall  die  both  of  them. 
And  I  will  raise  Me  up  a  faithful 
Priest,  that  shall  do  according  to  that 
which  is  in  Mine  heart  and  in  My 
mind :  and  I  will  build  him  a  sure 
house  :  and  he  shall  walk  before  Mine 
Anointed  for  ever.  And  it  shall  come 
to  pass  that  every  one  that  is  left  in 
thine  house  shall  come  and  crouch  to 
him  for  a  piece  of  silver  and  a  morsel 
of  bread,  and  shall  say :  Put  me,  I 
pray  thee,  into  one  of  the  Priest's 
offices,  that  I  may  eat  a  piece  of 
bread. 

SECOND    NOCTURN. 

Fourth  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Sermons 
of  St  Thomas  of  Aquino.  (Lesser 
-works,  57.) 

T  T  serveth  well  therefore  to  the 
edifying  of  the  faithful  to  make 
memorial  of  the  institution  of  this  so 
health  -  giving  and  so  wonderful  a 
Sacrament,  that  we  may  worship  the 
unspeakable  way  by  the  which  the 
Divine  Presence  in-dwelleth  in  this 
Sacrament,  Which  we  see,  and  may 
praise  the  power  of  God  whereby  in 
this  Sacrament  are  wrought  so  many 
wonders,  yea,  and  also  give  God  some 
of  those  thanks  which  we  owe  unto 
Him  for  this  so  health-giving  gift  of 


His  loving-kindness.  It  is  true  that 
on  the  Day  of  the  Supper  of  the 
Lord,1  on  which  day  we  know  it  to 
have  been  that  He  ordained  this 
Sacrament,  at  the  solemn  celebration 
of  the  Mass,  the  memory  of  the  in 
stituting  thereof  is  more  particularly 
mentioned,  but  all  the  rest  of  the 
Services  on  that  day  deal  chiefly  with 
Christ  Suffering,  to  worshipping  of 
Whom  the  Church  doth  at  that  sea 
son  give  all  her  mind. 

Fifth  Lesson. 

1DUT,  that  the  congregation  of 
Christ's  faithful  people  might 
celebrate  with  an  whole  Festal  Office 
all  to  itself  the  institution  of  this  so 
great  Sacrament,  Urban  IV.,  Bishop 
of  Rome,  being  touched  with  love  to 
ward  this  said  Sacrament,  hath  made 
a  godly  ordinance  that  the  memory 
of  the  said  institution  should  be  cele 
brated  by  all  the  faithful  upon  the 
Fifth  Day  of  the  week,  next  after  the 
Eighth  Day  of  Pentecost.  From  one 
end  of  the  year  to  the  other  we  use 
this  Sacrament  to  our  souls'  health, 
and  we  more  particularly  celebrate 
the  institution  thereof  at  that  season 
wherein  the  Holy  Ghost  taught  the 
hearts  of  the  disciples  to  acknowledge 
the  mysteries  thereof,  for  then  it  was, 
as  we  read,  that  "they  continued 
steadfastly  in  [the  Apostles'  doctrine 
and  fellowship,  and  in]  breaking  of 
Bread,  [and  in  prayers."]  (Acts  ii. 
42.) 

Sixth  Lesson. 

AND,  moreover,  to  the  end  that  on 
the  aforesaid  Thursday,  and  the 
seven  days  next  following,  the  memory 
of  this  health-giving  Institution  might 
be  the  more  honourably  celebrated, 
and  the  Feast  thereby  be  held  in 
more  excellent  worship,  the  above- 


Maundy  Thursday. 


238 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


named  Bishop  of  Rome,  after  the 
manner  of  the  doles  which  in  Cath 
edral  Churches  are  given  to  such  as 
come  to  the  singing  or  saying  of  the 
Canonical  Hours  by  night  and  day, 
hath  out  of  his  Apostolic  bounty 
granted  spiritual  rewards  l  to  all  such 
as  in  their  own  persons  are  present 
in  the  Church  at  the  divers  Canonical 
Hours  during  all  this  Festival,  thereby 
to  stir  up  the  faithful  to  come  to  the 
keeping  of  this  great  Feast  in  greater 
eagerness  and  numbers. 

THIRD    NOCTURN. 

(Read  in  the  Votive  Office  in  Jamt- 
ary  and  February. ) 

Seventh  Lesson. 

The   Lesson   is  taken  from  the   Holy 
Gospel  according  to  John  (vi.  56.) 

A  T  that  time  :  JESUS  said  unto  the 
"^  multitudes  of  the  Jews :  My 
Flesh  is  meat  indeed  and  My  Blood 
is  drink  indeed.  And  so  on. 

Homily  by  St  Austin,  Bishop  [of 
Hippo.]  ( i  Tth  Tract  on  John. ) 

We  have  heard  from  the  Gospel  the 
words  of  the  Lord  which  follow  [those 
that  formed  the  subject  of  my]  earlier 
discourse.  To  your  ears  and  under 
standings  we  owe  a  discourse  on  these 
also,  and  to-day  it  becometh  very  well, 
for  it  is  upon  that  Body  of  the  Lord, 
Which  He  professeth  Himself  that  He 
"will  give  for  the  life  of  the  world," 
"  that  a  man  may  eat  thereof  and  not 
die."  He  hath  made  manifest  how 
He  giveth,  and  What  is  His  Gift, 
where  He  saith  :  "  He  that  eateth  My 
Flesh  and  drinketh  My  Blood,  dwell- 
eth  in  Me  and  I  in  him."  The  sign 
to  show  whether  a  man  hath  or  hath 
not  eaten  that  Flesh  and  drunk  that 


Blood,  is  whether  or  not  he  dwelleth 
in  Christ  and  Christ  in  him,  whether 
or  not  he  is  a  guest  of  Christ  and 
Christ  of  his,  whether  or  not  he  so 
cleaveth  unto  Christ,  that  Christ  be 
not  parted  from  him. 

Eighth  Lesson. 

HTHIS  hath  He  taught,  and  warned 
us,  by  words  of  deep  meaning, 
to  be  in  His  Body  as  members  whose 
Head  is  He,  eating  His  Flesh,  and 
cleaving  alway  to  His  Oneness. 
"  Many  of  His  disciples  when  they 
had  heard  this  ....  went  back,  and 
walked  no  more  with  Him  " — for  they 
understood  not  by  "  Flesh  "  any  flesh 
other  than  such  as  they  themselves 
were  made  of.  The  Apostle  saith, 
(and  very  true  it  is)  :  "  To  be  carnally 
minded  is  death."  (Rom.  viii.  6.) 
The  Lord  giveth  us  His  Flesh  to 
eat,  and  to  understand  it  carnally  is 
death.  Where  He  saith:  "Whoso 
eateth  My  Flesh  ....  hath  eternal 
life » — we.  must  not  understand  this 
His  Flesh  carnally,  as  did  they  of 
whom  it  is  written  :  "  Many  of  His 
disciples  "  —  (not  His  enemies)  — 
"  when  they  heard  this,  said  :  This  is 
an  hard  saying — who  can  hear  it  ?  " 

Ninth  Lesson. 

T  F  His  disciples  took  His  words  for 
an  hard  saying,  how  did  His 
enemies  take  them  ?  And,  neverthe 
less,  thus  it  behoved  to  speak  them 
if  all  men  were  not  to  understand 
them.  A  Divine  mystery  ought  to 
make  us  thoughtful,  not  to  repel  us  ; 
and  yet,  when  the  Lord  JESUS  Christ 
spoke  thus  in  mystery,  many  of  His 
disciples  went  back  and  walked  -no 
more  with  Him.  They  believed  not 
that  He  was  speaking  of  some  great 
thing,  and  darkly  announcing  in  these 


See  these  and  other  Indulgences  in  the  Raccolta,  p.  no. 


WITHIN    THE   OCTAVE   OF   CORPUS   CHRISTI, 


239 


words  a  bounty.  They  understood 
but  as  they  pleased,  even  after  the 
manner  of  men,  that  JESUS  was  able, 
or  that  JESUS  meant,  to  give  that 
Flesh  wherewith  the  Word  is  clothed 
on,  as  it  were,  in  slices,  to  them 
that  believe  on  Him.  And  they  said  : 
"  This  is  an  hard  saying — who  can 
hear  it  ?  " 


The  Sabbath  within  the  Octave  of  the 
Feast  of  the  Body  of  Christ. 

All  as  on  the  Feast-day,  except  that 
the  Antiphons  are  not  doubled,  and  the 
following. 


FIRST    NOCTURN. 

First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson   is   taken   from  the  First 
Book  of  Kings  (iii.  i.) 

A  ND  the  child  Samuel  ministered 
unto  the  Lord  before  Eli.  And 
the  word  of  the  LORD  was  precious 
in  those  days ;  there  was  no  open 
vision.  And  it  came  to  pass  on  a 
certain  day,  when  Eli  was  laid  down 
in  his  place,  and  his  eyes  began  to 
wax  dim,  that  he  could  not  see  :  ere 
the  lamp  of  God  went  out,  Samuel 
was  laid  down  to  sleep  in  the  temple 
of  the  LORD,  where  the  Ark  of  God 
was.  And  the  LORD  called  Samuel. 
And  he  answered  :  Here  am  I.  And 
he  ran  unto  Eli,  and  said  :  Here  am 
I,  for  thou  calledst  me.  And  he  said  : 
I  called  not ;  go  back  and  sleep.  And 
he  went  and  slept.  And  the  LORD 
called  yet  again:  Samuel.  And 
Samuel  arose,  and  went  to  Eli,  and 
-said  :  Here  am  I,  for  thou  didst  call 


me.  And  he  answered  :  I  called  not, 
my  son  ;  go  back  and  sleep.  Now 
Samuel  did  not  yet  know  the  LORD, 
neither  was  the  word  of  the  LORD 
yet  revealed  unto  him. 

Second  Lesson. 

^ND  the  LORD  called  Samuel 
again,  the  third  time.  And  he 
arose,  and  went  to  Eli,  and  said : 
Here  am  I,  for  thou  didst  call  me. 
And  Eli  perceived  that  the  LORD  had 
called  the  child,  and  he  said  unto 
Samuel :  Go,  and  sleep  ;  and  it  shall 
be,  if  He  call  thee,  that  thou  shalt 
say:  Speak,  LORD;  for  Thy  servant 
heareth.  So  Samuel  went,  and  slept  in 
his  place.  And  the  LORD  came,  and 
stood,  and  called,  as  at  other  times  : 
Samuel,  Samuel.  Then  Samuel  an 
swered  :  Speak,  [  1  Lord,]  for  Thy  ser 
vant  heareth.  And  the  LORD  said  to 
Samuel  :  Behold,  I  will  do  a  thing  in 
Israel,  at  which  both  the  ears  of  every 
one  that  heareth  it  shall  tingle.  In 
that  day  I  will  perform  against  Eli 
all  things  which  I  have  spoken  con 
cerning  his  house :  when  I  begin,  I 
will  also  make  an  end. 

Third  Lesson.      (2  v.  15.) 

A  ND  Samuel  slept  until  the  morn 
ing,  and  opened  the  doors  of  the 
house  of  the  LORD.  And  Samuel 
feared  to  show  Eli  the  vision.  Then 
Eli  called  Samuel,  and  said  :  Samuel, 
my  son,  and  he  answered  and  said  : 
Here  am  I.  And  he  said  :  What  is 
the  thing  that  [3  the  Lord]  hath  said 
unto  thee  ?  I  pray  thee,  hide  it  not 
from  me.  God  do  so  to  thee,  and 
more  also,  if  thou  hide  anything  from 
me  of  all  the  things  that  He  said 


1  Not  in  the  Hebrew. 

2  The  omitted  verses  (13  and  14)  are  :  "For  I  have  told  him  that  I  will  judge  his  house  for 
ever,  for  the  iniquity  which  he  knoweth ;   because  his  sons  made  themselves  vile,  and  he  re 
strained  them  not.     And  therefore  I  have  sworn  unto  the  house  of  Eli,  that  the  iniquity  of  Eli's 
house  shall  not  be  purged  with  sacrifice  nor  offering  for  ever."  s  Not  in  the  Hebrew. 


240 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


unto  thee.  And  Samuel  told  him 
every  whit,  and  hid  nothing  from  him. 
And  he  said :  It  is  the  LORD  ;  let 
Him  do  what  seemeth  Him  good. 
And  Samuel  grew,  and  the  LORD  was 
with  him,  and  did  let  none  of  his 
words  fall  to  the  ground.  And  all 
Israel,  from  Dan  even  to  Beer-sheba, 
knew  that  Samuel  was  established  a 
Prophet  of  the  LORD. 


SECOND    NOCTURN. 

(Read  in  the  Votive  Office  in  Janu 
ary  and  February. ) 


Fourth  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Sermons 
of  St  John  Chrysostom  [Patriarch  of 
Constantinople.]  (6ist  Homily  to 
the  people  of  Antioch.} 

T~) EARLY  beloved  brethren,  it  be- 
^"^  hoveth  us  to  learn  the  miracle 
of  the  Mysteries — what  the  Gift  is, 
and  why  It  was  given,  and  what  is  the 
use  thereof.  "We,  being  many,  are 
one  body,"  saith  [the  Apostle  Paul,  (i 
Cor.  x.  17,)  and  again]  —  "We  are 
members  of  His  Body,  of  His  Flesh, 
and  of  His  Bones."  (Eph.  v.  30.) 
Only  the  initiated *  will  now  under 
stand  what  I  say.  That  this  union 
may  take  place,  not  by  love  only,  but 
verily  and  indeed,  we  ought  to  mingle 
our  own  with  His  Flesh.  And  this  is 
done  by  eating  that  Food  Which  He 
hath  given  unto  us,  being  fain  to 
manifest  that  exceeding  great  love 
which  He  beareth  to  us-ward.  To 
this  end  He  hath  mingled  Himself 
with  us,  and  infused  His  Body  into 
our  bodies,  that  we  may  be  one 
together,  like  as  the  limbs  of  a  man 
and  his  head  are  all  of  one  body. 


Such    union    do    they    long    for    that 
love  much. 

Fifth  Lesson. 

V\THEN  we  come  back  from  that 
Table  we  ought  to  be  like  so 
many  lions  breathing  fire,  dreadful  to 
the  devil.  Our  thoughts  ought  to  be 
concentrated  on  our  Great  Head  and 
the  love  which  He  showeth  us.  Many 
fathers  and  mothers  there  are  who 
give  their  children  to  others  to  nurse, 
but  I,  saith  the  Lord  to  His  children, 
I  am  not  so,  but  I  feed  you  with  Mine 
Own  Flesh,  and  join  Myself  to  you, 
fain  that  ye  all  should  be  sons  of 
noble  blood  now,  and  giving  you  a 
noble  hope  of  that  which  ye  shall  be 
hereafter.  I  was  content  to  become 
your  Brother,  I  for  your  sakes  have 
taken  unto  Me  Flesh,  and  Blood,  and 
that  Flesh  and  Blood  wherein  I  am 
become  your  Brother,  the  Same  give  I 
in  turn  unto  you. 

Sixth  Lesson. 

T  ET  us  then,  dearly  beloved  breth- 
•'-*'  ren,  take  good  heed  to  ourselves, 
as  unto  the  holders  of  so  great  mercies, 
and  when  any  foul  word  springeth  to 
our  lips,  or  we  feel  anger  taking- 
possession  of  us,  or  the  sting  of  any 
other  sinful  passion,  let  us  call  to 
mind  of  What  we  have  been  counted 
worthy,  and  let  that  remembrance  still 
the  unruly  motion.  As  often  as  we 
take  that  Body,  as  often  as  we  taste 
that  Blood,  let  us  think  how  that  we 
feed  on  Him  Who  is  sitting  on  high, 
adored  of  Angels,  at  the  right  hand  of 
the  Eternal  Power.  Ah  me,  how 
many  a  way  is  open  to  us  whereby  we 
may  be  saved  !  He  hath  made  us  His 
— He  hath  given  His  Body  to  us — • 
and  we  still  are  not  turned  away  from 
evil! 


1  I.e.,   the    baptised,    the  Church's   doctrine  on   the  Eucharist  being  concealed  from  the 
catechumens. 


WITHIN   THE   OCTAVE   OF   CORPUS   CHRISTI. 


241 


THIRD    NOCTURN. 

(Read  in  the  Votive  Office  in  March 
and  April. ) 

Seventh  Lesson. 

The    Lesson  is   taken  from    the   Holy 
Gospel  according  to  John  (vi.    56.) 

A  T  that  time  :  JESUS  said  unto  the 
^^  multitudes  of  the  Jews :  My 
Flesh  is  meat  indeed  and  My  Blood  is 
drink  indeed.  And  so  on. 

Homily  by  St  Austin,  Bishop  [of 
Hippo.]  (2jtk  Tract  on  Jo/in.} 

I  have  said,  my  brethren,  that  what 
the  Lord  hath  set  before  us,  in  eating 
of  His  Flesh  and  drinking  of  His 
Blood,  is  that  we  should  dwell  in  Him, 
and  He  in  us.  We  dwell  in  Him 
when  we  are  His  members,  and  He 
dwelleth  in  us  when  we  are  His 
temple.  But  the  bond  whereby  we 
are  made  His  members  is  oneness  ; 
and  what  is  the  cause  of  oneness  but 
love  ?  And  love  of  God,  whence  is 
it?  Ask  the  Apostle.  "The  love  of 
God,"  saith  he,  "is  shed  abroad  in 
our  hearts  by  the  Holy  Ghost.  Which 
is  given  unto  us."  (Rom.  v.  5.) 

Eighth  Lesson. 

CO  "it  is  the  spirit  that  quickeneth." 
It  is  the  spirit  that  maketh  lively 
the  limbs,  nor  is  the  quickening  power 
of  the  spirit  shed  through  any  limbs 
but  such  as  remain  in  union  with  the 
body  whose  the  spirit  is.  The  spirit 
that  thou  hast  in  thee,  O  man,  and 
whereby  thou  art  a  man,  doth  that 
spirit  shed  life  through  any  limb  cut 
off  from  thy  flesh?  By  "spirit,"  I 
mean  soul.  The  soul  quickeneth  no 
limb  but  such  as  remain  attached  to 
the  body.  Cut  one  off,  and  the  soul 
quickeneth  it  no  more,  for  it  is  separate 
from  the  oneness  of  thy  body. 


Ninth  Lesson. 


things  I  say,  that  we  may 
love  oneness  and  dread  division. 
In  sooth,  there  is  nothing  which  a 
Christian  ought  so  much  to  dread,  as 
to  be  cut  off  from  the  Body  of  Christ. 
If  he  be  cut  off  from  the  Body  of 
Christ,  he  is  no  longer  a  member  of 
Christ,  and  the  Spirit  of  Christ  no 
longer  quickeneth  him.  "  Now,  if 
any  man,"  saith  the  Apostle,  "have 
not  the  Spirit  of  Christ,  he  is  none  of 
His."  (Rom.  viii.  9.) 

"  It  is  the  Spirit  that  quickeneth  ; 
the  flesh  profiteth  nothing  :  the  words 
that  I  speak  unto  you,  they  are  spirit 
and  they  are  life." 

"  Spirit  and  life  "  —  what  meaneth 
this  ?  It  is  to  fee  taken  spiritually. 
Hast  thou  taken  it  spiritually  ?  Then 
the  words  the  Lord  spake,  unto  thee 
they  are  spirit  and  they  are  life.  Hast 
thou  taken  it  carnally  ?  Then  the 
words  of  the  Lord  are  still  indeed 
spirit  and  life  —  but  not  for  thee. 


VESPERS. 

All  as  the  First  Vespers  of  the 
Feast,  except  the  following. 

Chapter  and  Prayer  from  the  follow 
ing  Lauds. 

Verse.  He  fed  them  with  the  finest 
of  the  wheat.  Alleluia. 

Answer.  And  with  honey  out  of 
the  rock  did  He  satisfy  them.  Alle 
luia. 


Antiphon  at  the  Song  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin.  The  child  Samuel  ministered 
unto  God  *  before  Eli,  and  the  word 
of  the  Lord  was  precious  in  his  sight. 

A  Commemoration  is  made  of  the 
Octave,  from  the  Second  Vespers  of  the 
Feast. 


242 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE    SEASON. 


Seconti  Suntmg  after 
cost. 


The  Lord^s  Day  within  the  Octave  of 
the  Body  of  Christ. 

Semidouble. 

All  as  on  the  Feast,  except  that  the 
Antiphons  are  not  doubled,  and  the 
following. 

FIRST    NOCTURN. 
First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is    taken   from   the   First 
Book  of  Kings  (iv.  i.) 

A  ND  it  came  to  pass  in  those  days 
^^  that  the  Philistines  gathered 
themselves  together  to  battle.  And 
Israel  went  out  against  the  Philistines 
to  battle,  and  pitched  beside  the  Stone- 
of-help.1  And  the  Philistines  came  to 
Aphek,  and  put  themselves  in  array 
against  Israel.  And  when  they  joined 
battle,  Israel  fled  before  the  Philistines, 
and  there  were  smitten  in  the  field  in 
that  battle  about  four  thousand  men. 
And  when  the  people  were  come  into 
the  camp,  the  elders  of  Israel  said  : 
Wherefore  hath  the  LORD  smitten  us 
to-day  before  the  Philistines  ?  Let 
us  fetch  the  Ark  of  the  covenant  of 
the  LORD  out  of  Shiloh  unto  us,  that, 
when  it  cometh  among  us,  it  may  save 
us  out  of  the  hand  of  our  enemies. 

Second  Lesson. 

CO  the  people  sent  to  Shiloh  and 
*^  took  from  thence  the  Ark  of  the 
covenant  of  the  LORD  of  hosts,  Which 


dwelleth  between  the  Cherubim  :  2  and 
the  two  sons  of  Eli,  Hophni  and 
Phinehas,  were  with  the  Ark  of  the 
covenant  of  God.  And  when  the  Ark 
of  the  covenant  of  the  LORD  came 
into  the  camp,  all  Israel  shouted  with 
a  great  shout,  so  that  the  earth  rang 
again.  And  when  the  Philistines 
heard  the  noise  of  the  shout,  they 
said  :  What  meaneth  the  noise  of  this 
great  shout  in  the  camp  of  the  He 
brews  ?  And  they  understood  that  the 
Ark  of  the  LORD  was  come  into  the 
camp. 

Third  Lesson. 

AND  the  Philistines  were  afraid,  for 
•^^  they  said  :  God  is  come  into  the 
camp.  And  they  groaned  and  said  : 
Woe  unto  us  !  for  there  hath  not  been 
such  a  shouting  yesterday  or  the  day 
before.  Woe  unto  us  !  who  shall  de 
liver  us  out  of  the  hand  of  these 
mighty  gods  ?  These  are  the  gods 
that  smote  the  Egyptians  with  all  the 
plagues  in  the  wilderness.  Be  strong, 
and  quit  yourselves  like  men,  O  ye 
Philistines !  that  ye  be  not  servants 
unto  the  Hebrews,  as  they  have  been 
to  you  :  quit  yourselves  like  men,  and 
fight.  And  the  Philistines  fought,  and 
Israel  was  smitten,  and  they  fled 
every  man  into  his  tent ;  and  there 
was  a  very  great  slaughter,  for  there 
fell  of  Israel  thirty  thousand  footmen. 
And  the  Ark  of  God  was  taken  :  and 
the  two  sons  of  Eli,  Hophni  and 
Phinehas,  were  slain.3 

SECOND    NOCTURN. 

(Read  in  tJie  Votive  Office  i?i  March 
and  April. ) 


1  Viz.,  near  the  place  where  was  afterwards  erected  a  "standing  stone"  so  named,  between 
Mizpeh  and  Shen.     See  vii.  1-12. 

2  An  allusion,  if  not  a  reference,  to  the  two  figures  of  these  creatures,  made  of  wood  plated 
with  gold,  which  were  on  the  top  of  the  ark,  overshadowing  the  mercy-seat  with  their  wings. 
See  Exod.  xxv.  10-22. 

3  The  narrative  continues  how  that  a  man  "  with  his  clothes  rent,  and  with  earth  upon  his 
head,"  came  and  told  Eli  at  Shiloh  :  "  '  Israel  is  fled  before  the  Philistines — and  there  hath  been 
also  a  great  slaughter  among  the  people— and  thy  two  sons  also,  Hophni  and  Phinehas,  are  dead 
— and  the  Ark  of  God  is  taken. — '     And  ....  when  he  made  mention  of  the  Ark  of  God,  [Eli] 
fell  from  off  his  seat  backward,  by  the  side  of  the  gate  ;  and  his  neck  brake,  and  he  died." 


WITHIN    THE   OCTAVE   OF   CORPUS   CHRISTI. 


243 


Fourth  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Sermons 
of  St  John  Chrysostom  [Patriarch  of 
Constantinople.]  (6oth  Homily  to 
the  people  of  Antioch.} 

'"THE  Word  saith :  "This  is  My 
Body."  This  we  confess,  and 
believe,  and,  with  spiritual  eyes,  do 
see.  Christ  hath  not  left  unto  us 
Himself  in  such  form  as  that  we  can 
see,  hear,  touch,  smell,  or  taste  Him  ; 
and  yet  hath  He  left  Himself  unto 
us  in  things  which  we  can  see,  hear, 
touch,  smell,  and  taste,  and  which  all 
men  may  understand.  Thus  also  is  it 
in  baptism  ;  by  mean  of  water,  which 
men  perceive  outwardly,  is  given  unto 
them  a  gift  which  they  can  grasp 
only  inwardly,  that  is,  a  new  birth. 
If  we  had  no  bodies,  then  would  these 
things  be  given  us  without  any  out 
ward  and  visible  signs,  but  since  we 
are  here  made  up  of  souls  and  bodies, 
there  are  given  unto  our  souls  gifts 
which  they  can  grasp,  in  outward  signs 
which  our  bodies  may  perceive.  How 
many  there  be  which  say  :  I  would 
that  I  could  see  His  comely  presence, 
His  Face,  His  garments,  even  His 
shoes  !  Behold,  thou  dost  see  and 
touch  Him,  yea,  thou  dost  feed  upon 
Him.  And  wouldest  thou  behold  His 
raiment?  Lo,  He  hath  given  unto 
thee  not  only  to  behold  it,  but  to 
feed  upon  it,  and  handle  it,  and  take 
it  into  thyself 

Fifth  Lesson. 

'"PO  this  table  of  the  Lord  let  none 
*  dare  to  draw  near  with  squeam- 
ishness  or  carelessness.  Let  all  be 
fiery,  all  hot,  all  roused.  To  the  Jews 
it  was  commanded  touching  the  Pas 
chal  lamb,  (Exod.  xii.  1 1)  :  "And  thus 
shall  ye  eat  it  ;  with  your  loins  girded, 
your  shoes  on  your  feet,  and  your  staff 
in  your  hand  ;  and  ye  shall  eat  it  in 


haste ;    it    is    the    LORD'S    Passover." 
But  thou  needest  to  be  more  watchful 
than  they.     They  were  just  about  to 
travel   from    Egypt   to    Palestine,    and 
therefore     they    bore    the     guise     of 
travellers  ;  but  the  journey   that   lieth 
before  thee   is  from  earth   to  heaven. 
And  therefore  it  behoveth  thee  in  all 
things    to    be    on    thy  guard,    for   the 
punishment    of    him    that    eateth    or 
drinketh   unworthily    is   no    light    one 
(i    Cor.    xi.    27.)     Bethink    thee    how 
thou  art  indignant  against  him  which 
betrayed,  and  them  that  crucified  the 
Lord  ;  and  look   to   it  well  that  thou 
also  be  not  "  Guilty  of  the  Body  and 
Blood   of  the    Lord."     As    for    them, 
they  slew   His   Most   Holy  Body  ;  but 
thou,  after  all  that  He  hath  done  for 
thee,  dost  thrust  Him  into  thy  polluted 
soul.      For  His  love,  it  was  not  enough 
to  be  made  Man,  to  be  buffeted,  and 
to  be  crucified  ;  He  hath  also  mingled 
Himself  with  us,    by   making  us   His 
Body,  and  that  not  by  faith  only,  but 
verily  and  indeed. 

Sixth  Lesson. 

/^AN  anything  be  purer  than  that 
^  man  ought  to  be,  who  eateth  of 
this  great  Sacrifice  ?  Can  sun-beam 
be  clearer  than  that  hand  ought  to 
be  which  breaketh  this  Flesh  ? — that 
mouth,  which  is  filled  with  that  spiritual 
fire  ? — that  tongue,  which  is  reddened 
by  that  Blood,  awful  exceedingly? 
That  whereon  the  Angels  quail  to  look, 
neither  dare  to  gaze  steadfastly  upon 
It,  because  of  the  blinding  glory  that 
shineth  therefrom,  upon  This  we  feed, 
with  This  we  become  one,  and  are 
made  one  body  of  Christ,  and  one 
flesh.  "Who  can  utter  the  mighty 
acts  of  the  LORD  ?  who  can  show 
forth  all  His  praise?"  (Ps.  cv.  2.) 
Where  is  the  shepherd  which  feedeth 
his  flock  with  his  own  blood  ?  Nay, 
why  should  I  say,  shepherd  ?  Many 


244 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


mothers  there  be,  who  after  all  the 
pains  of  travail,  give  their  own  little 
ones  to  strangers  to  nurse.  But  so 
would  not  He,  but  feedeth  us  with  His 
Own  Blood,  and  maketh  us  to  grow  up 
in  His  Own  substance. 

THIRD    NOCTURN. 
Seventh  Lesson. 

The    Lesson  is   taken  from   the    Holy 
Gospel  according  to  Luke  (xiv.  16.) 

A  T    that   time  :    JESUS  spake    unto 

^*     the    Pharisees    this  parable :  A 

certain  man  made  a  great  supper,  and 
bade  many.  And  so  on. 

Homily  by  Pope  St  Gregory  [the 
Great.]  (36^  upon  the  Gospels.'] 

Dearly  beloved  brethren,  between 
the  dainties  of  the  body  and  the 
dainties  of  the  mind  there  is  this 
difference,  that  the  dainties  of  the 
body,  when  we  lack  them,  raise  up 
a  great  hunger  after  them,  and  when 
we  devour  them,  straightway  our  ful 
ness  worketh  in  us  niceness.  But 
about  the  dainties  of  the  mind  we  are 
nice  while  as  yet  we  lack  them,  and 
when  we  fill  ourselves  with  them,  then 
are  we  an-hungered  after  them,  and 
the  more,  being  an-hungered,  we  feed 
thereon,  the  more  are  we  an-hungered 
thereafter.  In  the  bodily  dainties, 
the  hunger  is  keener  than  the  fulness, 
but  in  the  spiritual  the  fulness  is  keener 
than  the  hunger.  In  the  bodily, 
hunger  gendereth  fulness,  and  fulness 
niceness  ;  in  the  spiritual,  hunger  in 
deed  gendereth  fulness,  but  fulness 
gendereth  hunger. 

Eighth  Lesson. 

CPIRITUAL   dainties,    in    the   very 

eating,  do  stir  up  the  keenness  of 

hunger   in   the   mind   which   they   fill, 

1  Luke  xiv.  16,  17. 


for,  the  more  we  taste  their  sweetness, 
the  better  we  know  how  well  they  de 
serve  to  be  loved  ;  and,  if  we  taste 
them  not,  we  cannot  love  them,  for 
we  know  not  how  sweet  they  be.  And 
who  can  love  that  whereof  he  knoweth 
nothing  ?  Hence  saith  the  Psalmist : 
"  O  taste  and  see  that  the  LORD  is 
good,"  (Ps.  xxxiii.  9,)  that  is,  as  it 
were,  "If  ye  taste  not,  ye  shall  not 
see  His  goodness  :  but  let  your  heart 
once  taste  the  bread  of  life,  and  then 
indeed,  having  tasted  and  proved  His 
sweetness,  ye  shall  be  able  to  love 
Him."  But  these  were  the  dainties 
which  man  lost  when  he  sinned  in 
Eden,  and  when  he  had  shut  his  own 
mouth  against  the  sweet  bread  whereof 
if  any  man  eat  he  shall  live  for  ever, 
he  forsook  paradise. 

Eighth  Responsory. 

1 A  certain  man  made  a  great 
supper,  and  sent  his  servant  at  supper- 
time  to  say  to  them  that  were  bidden  : 
Come,  for  all  things  are  now  ready. 

Verse.  "2  Come,  eat  of  my  bread, 
and  drink  of  the  wane  which  I  have 
mingled  for  you. 

Answer.  For  all  things  are  now 
ready. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  For  all  things  are  now 
ready. 

Ninth  Lesson. 

A  ND  we  that,  from  the  first  man, 
'^^  are  born  under  the  afflictions  of 
this  pilgrimage,  are  come  into  the 
world  smitten  with  niceness  ;  we  know- 
not  what  we  ought  to  want,  and  the 
disease  of  our  niceness  groweth  the 
worse,  as  our  soul  draweth  itself  the 
more  away  from  that  bread  of  sweet 
ness.  We  are  no  longer  an-hungered 

-  Prov.  ix.  5. 


WITHIN    THE   OCTAVE   OF   CORPUS   CHRISTI. 


245 


after  inward  dainties,  since  we  have 
lost  the  use  of  feeding  on  them.  And 
so  in  our  niceness  we  starve,  and  the 
sickness  of  long  famishing  maketh 
prey  of  our  health.  We  will  not  eat 
of  that  inward  sweetness  which  is 
made  ready  for  us,  and  being  en 
amoured  only  of  things  outward  we 
sink  into  the  wretchedness  of  loving 
starvation. 

LAUDS. 
Chapter,      (i  John  iii.  13.) 

jyTARVEL  not,  my  brethren,  if  the 
world  hate  you.  We  know  that 
we  have  passed  from  death  unto  life, 
because  we  love  the  brethren. 

Verse.  He  gave  them  of  the  bread 
of  heaven — Alleluia. 

Answer.  Man  did  eat  Angels' 
bread — Alleluia. 

Antipho?i  at  the  Song  of  Zacharias. 
A  certain  man  made  a  great  supper,  * 
and  bade  many  ;  and  sent  his  servant 
at  supper -time  to  say  to  them  that 
were  bidden  :  Come,  for  all  things  are 
now  ready. 


Prayer  throitghout  the  day. 

Q  LORD,  Who  never  failest  to  help 
and  govern  them  whom  Thou 
dost  bring  up  in  Thy  steadfast  fear  and 
love ;  keep  us,  we  beseech  Thee, 
under  the  protection  of  Thy  good 
providence,  and  make  us  to  have  a 
perpetual  fear  and  love  of  Thy  Holy 
Name  ;  through  our  Lord  JESUS  Christ, 
Thy  Son,  Who  liveth  and  reigneth  with 
Thee,  in  the  unity  of  the  Holy  Ghost, 
one  God,  world  without  end.  Amen. 

A  Commemoration  of  Corpus  Christi 
is  made,  taken  from  the  Lauds  of  the 
Feast. 

VOL.   III. 


Chapter  at  the  end  of  Prime.      ( \ 
John  iii.  1 8.) 

jyr  Y  little  children,  let  us  not  love  in 
word,  neither  in  tongue,  but  in 
deed,  and  in  truth. 

At  Terce,  Chapter  from  Lauds. 

Chapter  at  Sex t.      (i  John  iii.  16.) 

JLJEREBY  perceive  we  the  love  of 
God,  because  He  laid  down  His 
life  for  us  ;  and  we  ought  to  lay  down 
our  lives  for  the  brethren. 

Chapter  at  None  as  at  the  end  of 
Prime. 

VESPERS. 

All  as  at  the  First  Vespers  of  Corpus 
Christi,  except  the  following. 

Chapter  and  Prayer  froin  Lauds. 

Verse.  He  fed  them  with  the  finest 
of  the  wheat — Alleluia. 

Answer.  And  with  honey  out  of  the 
rock  did  He  satisfy  them — Alleluia. 

Antiphon  at  the  Song  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin.  Go  out  quickly  into  the 
streets  *  and  lanes  of  the  city,  and 
compel  the  poor  and  the  maimed, 
and  the  halt,  and  the  blind,  to  come 
in  :  that  my  house  may  be  full — 
Alleluia. 

Commemoration    of  Corpus    Christi 
from  the  Second  Vespers  of  the  Feast. 


(fllonfcap  nrif#m 


of 


Second  Day,  within  the  Octave  of  the 
Feast  of  the  Body  of  Christ. 

Semidouble. 

All  as  on  the  Feast  except  that  the 
Antiphons  are  not  doubled  and  the 
following. 


246 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


FIRST    NOCTURN. 

First  Lesson. 

The   Lesson   is    taken  from   the   First 
Book  of  Kings   (v.    I.) 

AND  the  Philistines  took  the  Ark 
of  God,  and  brought  it  from  the 
Stone-of-help  unto  Ashdod.  When  the 
Philistines  took  the  Ark  of  God,  they 
brought  it  into  the  house  of  Dagon, 
and  set  it  by  Dagon.1  And  when  they 
of  Ashdod  arose  early  on  the  morrow, 
behold,  Dagon  was  fallen  upon  his 
face  to  the  earth  before  the  Ark  of  the 
LORD.  And  they  took  Dagon,  and 
set  him  in  his  place  again.  And  when 
they  arose  early  on  the  morrow  morn 
ing,  behold,  Dagon  was  fallen  upon 
his  face  to  the  ground  before  the  Ark 
of  the  LORD  ;  and  the  head  of  Dagon, 
and  both  the  palms  of  his  hands  were 
cut  off  upon  the  threshold  ;  only  the 
stump  of  Dagon  was  left  to  him.2 

Second  Lesson. 

T3UT  the  hand  of  the  LORD  was 
^  heavy  upon  them  of  Ashdod,  and 
He  destroyed  them  ;  and  the  farms 
and  the  fields  in  all  that  coast  brake 
forth  ; 3  and  mice  were  begotten  ;  and 
there  was  confusion  in  the  city,  a  great 
destruction.  And  when  the  men  of 
Ashdod  saw  the  plague,  they  said : 
The  Ark  of  the  God  of  Israel  shall 
not  abide  with  us,  for  His  hand  is 
sore  upon  us,  and  upon  Dagon  our  god. 
They  sent  therefore,  and  gathered  all 
the  lords  of  the  Philistines  unto  them, 
and  said  :  What  shall  we  do  with  the 
Ark  of  the  God  of  Israel?  And  they 
of  Gath  answered :  Let  the  Ark  of 
the  God  of  Israel  be  carried  about 
unto  Gath. 


Third  Lesson. 

AND  they  carried  the  Ark  of  the 
God  of  Israel  about  thither. 
And  it  was  so,  that  when  they  carried 
it  about,  the  hand  of  the  LORD  was 
against  every  one  of  their  cities  with  a 
very  great  destruction,  and  He  smote 
the  men  of  every  city,  both  small  and 
great.  Therefore  they  sent  the  Ark  of 
God  to  Ekron.  And  it  came  to  pass, 
as  the  Ark  of  God  came  to  Ekron, 
that  the  Ekronites  cried  out,  saying  : 
They  have  brought  about  the  Ark  of 
the  God  of  Israel  to  us,  to  slay  us  and 
our  people.  So  they  sent  and  gathered 
together  all  the  lords  of  the  Philistines 
and  said  :  Send  away  the  Ark  of  the 
God  of  Israel,  and  let  it  go  again  to 
his  own  place,  that  it  slay  us  not,  and 
our  people.  For  there  was  an  horror 
of  death  in  all  the  cities,  and  the  hand 
of  God  was  very  heavy  there. 

SECOND    NOCTURN. 

(Read  in  the  Votive  Office  in  May 
and  June.} 

Fourth  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Sermons 
of  St  John  Chrysostom  [Patriarch 
of  Constantinople.]  (Continuation 
of  the  both  Homily.} 

T  N  this  mysterious  Sacrament  Christ 
doth  mingle  Himself  with  all  and 
each  of  His  faithful  ones.  They  are 
His  children,  and  He  nurseth  them 
Himself,  and  giveth  them  not  over 
unto  another,  herein  again  assuring  us 
that  the  Flesh  He  hath  taken  unto 
Himself  is  ours.  We  then,  who  have 
been  deemed  meet  to  be  treated  with 
such  love  and  such  honour,  let  us  be 
wakeful !  See  ye  not  how  eagerly  the 
sucklings  seize  on  the  breasts,  how 


1  An  idol,  with  the  head  and  hands  of  a  man,  and  the  rest  of  his  body  that  of  a  fish. 

2  Here  it  is  added  in  the  original :  "  Therefore  neither  the  priest  of  Dagon,  nor  any  that  come 
into  Dagon's  house,  tread  on  the  threshold  of  Dagon  in  Ashdod  unto  this  day." 

3  According  to  the  present  Hebrew  text,  which  here  differs  much  from  the  Latin,  the  mean 
ing  is  that  the  inhabitants  were  seized  with  the  disease  called  Haemorrhoids. 


WITHIN    THE   OCTAVE   OF   CORPUS   CHRISTI. 


247 


readily  they  fix  their  mouths  on  the 
paps  ?  Let  us,  with  like  eagerness, 
draw  nigh  to  that  Table,  and  suck  at 
that  spiritual  Cup.  Yea,  let  us  prize 
that  gracious  Food  as  the  suckling- 
doth  its  mother's  breast,  and  hold  it 
the  great  woe  of  life  to  be  cut  off 
from  that  Banquet.  Here  there  are 
set  before  us  no  works  of  man's 
power  ;  He  That  worked  at  that  Last 
Supper,  the  Same  worketh  the  same 
here  still.  As  for  us  Priests,  we  hold 
the  place  of  His  ministers,  but  He 
Which  halloweth  and  changeth  is  He. 
Hither  let  there  draw  nigh  no  Judas, 
nor  covetous  one — this  is  no  Table 
for  him.  But  he  which  is  Christ's 
disciple,  let  him  come  ;  for  the  Lord 
saith  :  "  I  will  keep  the  Passover  with 
My  disciples,"  (Matth.  xxvi.  18.)  This 
is  that  Passover  Table,  and  it  is  all 
Christ's — what  is  wrought  there  is  not 
some  of  it  Christ's  work,  and  some 
of  it  man's  work,  but  it  is  all  His 
work  and  not  another's. 

Fifth  Lesson. 

TT  ITHER  let  there  draw  nigh  none 
brutal,  none  cruel,  none  merci 
less  ;  in  good  sooth,  none  unclean.  I 
speak  to  all  that  take  that  Holy  Com 
munion,  and  to  you  also,  O  ye  that  do 
administer  the  same  !  To  you  now  I 
turn  my  speech,  to  warn  you  with  how 
great  care  that  Gift  is  to  be  given. 
No  slight  vengeance  is  that  which 
awaiteth  you  if  ye  admit  for  a  par 
taker  at  the  Lord's  Table  the  sinner 
whose  guiltiness  ye  know.  At  your 
hands  will  his  blood  be  required.  If 
a  man  be  a  General,  a  Governor,  a 
crowned  Monarch,  yet  if  he  come 
there  unworthily,  forbid  him  ;  thou 
hast  greater  power  than  he.  To  this 
end  hath  God  exalted  you  to  the 
honour  ye  hold,  that  ye  may  judge 
in  such  matters.  This  office  is  your 
dignity,  this  is  your  strength,  this  is 
all  your  crown,  this,  and  not  the  going 


about  in  white  robes  and  glittering- 
vestments.  And  thou,  O  layman ! 
when  thou  seest  the  Priest  making 
the  oblation,  think  not  that  He  Which 
is  then  the  real  Worker  is  such  a 
Priest  as  thou  seest,  but  know  of  a 
surety  that  it  is  Christ's  Hand  Which 
is  stretched  out,  albeit  unseen  by  thee. 

Sixth  Lesson. 

TET  us  hear,  all  of  us,  both  Priests 
and  laymen,  let  us  hear  What 
Food  it  is  whereof  we  are  made  worthy 
—let  us  hear,  I  say,  and  let  us  quake. 
The  Lord  satisfied!  us  with  His  Own 
holy  Flesh,  setting  Himself  slain  be 
fore  us.  What  excuse  therefore  shall 
we  have,  if,  being  so  fed  as  we  are, 
we  sin  as  we  do  ?  If,  eating  of  the 
Lamb,  we  are  still  wolves  ?  If,  pas 
tured  as  the  sheep  of  the  flock,  we 
raven  like  lions  ?  This  mysterious 
Sacrament  forbiddeth  unto  us  not  out 
rage  only,  but  any  the  least  enmity  ; 
it  is  the  Mystery  of  peace.  Upon 
the  Jews  God  laid  it  to  make  year  by 
year  by  solemn  festivals  a  yearly  com 
memoration  of  His  mercies  unto  them, 
but  upon  thee  to  do  this  in  remem 
brance  of  His  love  to  thee,  day  by 
day.  To  this  Table  then  let  there 
draw  nigh  no  Judas  Iscariot,  no  Simon 
Magus.  These  men  fell  through  cove- 
tousness  ;  let  us  fly  that  bottomless  pit. 

THIRD    NOCTURN. 

(Read  in  the  Votive  Office  in  May 
and  June. ,) 

Seventh  Lesson. 

The   Lesson   is   taken  from   the   Holy 
Gospel  according  to  John  (vi.  56.) 

A  T  that  time  :  JESUS  said  unto  the 
^^  multitudes  of  the  Jews  :  My 
Flesh  is  meat  indeed,  and  My  Blood 
is  drink  indeed.  And  so  on. 

Homily   by    St   Austin,    Bishop    [of 
H  ippo.  ]      ( 2  6tk  Tract  on  John. ) 


248 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


"  This  is  the  bread  which  cometh 
down  from  heaven,"  (v.  50.)  By 
"  this  bread  "  the  Lord  here  signifieth 
both  the  manna,  and  That  Which  we 
receive  at  the  Altar  of  God.  Both 
these  are,  as  it  were,  Sacramental 
signs,  differing'  indeed  somewhat  in 
their  outward  and  visible  part,  but 
pointing  to  the  Same  Thing  signified. 
Hear  what  the  Apostle  saith  :  "  More 
over,  brethren,  I  would  not  that  ye 
should  be  ignorant  how  that  all  our 
fathers  were  under  the  cloud,  and  all 
passed  through  the  sea,  and  were  all 
baptized  unto  Moses  in  the  cloud  and 
in  the  sea,  and  did  all  eat  the  same 
spiritual  meat."  (i  Cor.  x.  1-3.) 
This  meat  was  the  same  spiritually 
but  not  really  ;  they  ate  manna — we 
eat  Something  else.  Spiritually  they 
ate  What  we  eat  ;  but  our  fathers — 
not  their  fathers  ;  unto  whom  we  are 
like — not  unto  whom  they  are  like. 
And  it  is  added:  "And  did  all  drink 
the  same  Spiritual  drink."  They 
drank  one  thing,  and  we  drank  An 
other,  the  difference  being  in  the  outer 
show,  the  sameness  in  that  the  Same 
Thing  is  pointed  to  by  both.  And 
what  was  that  Same  Drink?  "They 
drank  of  the  spiritual  Rock  that  fol 
lowed  them,  and  that  Rock  was 
Christ."  Him  did  bread  and  rock 
alike  signify.  The  Rock  was  a  figure, 
but  by  the  Word  and  in  the  Flesh 
there  is  the  very  Christ  Himself.  And 
how  came  they  to  drink  of  that  rock  ? 
"  Moses  lift  up  his  hand,  and  with 
his  rod  he  smote  the  rock  twice, 
and  the  water  came  out  abundantly." 
(Num.  xx.  11.)  These  two  strokes 
of  the  rod  upon  the  rock  are  a 
figure  of  the  two  beams  whereof  the 
Cross  was  made. 

Eighth  Lesson. 

/CHRIST'S  faithful  ones  discern  the 
v-x  Lord's  Body  while  they  remain 
watchful  members  of  His  Body.  They 


remain  members  of  His  Body  as  long 
as  they  will  to  live  according  to  His 
Spirit.  The  Spirit  of  Christ  giveth 
life  to  nothing  but  the  body  of  Christ. 
Now,  my  brethren,  understand  what 
I  am  going  to  say.  Thou  art  a  man, 
and  hast  a  body  and  a  spirit.  By 
spirit  I  mean  the  soul,  which  causeth 
thee  to  be  a  man  at  all.  Thou  art  a 
man,  made  up  of  soul  and  body. 
Thy  spirit  is  unseen,  thy  body  seen. 
Tell  me,  which  of  them  is  it  which 
giveth  animation  to  the  other  ?  Doth 
thy  spirit  derive  animation  from  thy 
body,  or  thy  body  from  thy  spirit  ? 
Every  one  who  liveth  will  answer — 
for  if  any  one  cannot  answer  this,  I 
know  not  if  he  be  alive.  What  will 
whosoever  hath  life  answer  ?  "  Ver 
ily,  it  is  my  spirit  which  doth  animate 
my  body."  Wilt  thou  then  live  by 
the  Spirit  of  Christ  ?  Be  of  the  Body 
of  Christ. 

Ninth  Lesson. 

T  S  it  not  my  spirit  which  doth  ani 
mate  my  body  ?  My  spirit  doth 
animate  my  body,  and  thy  spirit  doth 
animate  thy  body.  The  Body  of 
Christ  liveth  not  save  by  the  Spirit 
of  Christ.  Hence  it  is  that  the 
Apostle  Paul  saith,  touching  this 
Bread :  "  \Ve,  being  many,  are  one 
bread,  and  one  body,  for  we  are  all 
partakers  of  that  one  Bread."  (i 
Cor.  x.  17.)  O  what  a  Sacrament  of 
love  !  O  what  a  seal  of  union  !  O 
what  a  bond  of  charity !  He  that 
willeth  to  live  hath  here  where  to 
live,  and  whence  to  live.  Let  him 
come  near,  let  him  believe,  let  him 
enter  into  that  Body,  that  he  may 
be  quickened.  Let  him  not  sever 
himself  from  the  fit  joining-together  of 
all  the  members  ;  let  him  not  be  as 
a  mortifying  limb,  that  must  needs  be 
cut  off,  nor  a  mis-shapen  limb,  a  cause 
to  blush.  Let  him  be  goodly,  and 
useful,  and  healthy.  Let  him  cleave 


WITHIN    THE   OCTAVE   OF   CORPUS   CHRISTI. 


249 


unto  the  body  ;  let  him  live  by  God 
to  God  ;  let  him  labour  now  on  earth, 
that  he  may  reign  hereafter  in  heaven. 


Third  Day  within  the  Octave  of  the 
Feast  of  the  Body  of  Christ. 

Semidouble, 

All  as  on  the  Feast  except  that  the 
Antiphons  are  not  dotibled,  and  the  fol 
lowing, 

FIRST    NOCTURN. 

First  Lesson. 

The    Lesson   is   taken   from   the   First 
Book  of  Kings  (vi.  I.) 

A  ND  the  Ark  of  the  LORD  was  in 
the  country  of  the  Philistines 
seven  months,  and  the  Philistines 
called  for  the  priests  and  the  diviners, 
saying :  What  shall  we  do  to  the 
Ark  of  the  LORD  ?  Tell  us  wherewith 
we  shall  send  it  to  his  place.  And 
they  said :  If  ye  send  away  the  Ark 
of  the  God  of  Israel,  send  it  not 
empty ;  but  in  any  wise  return  Him 
a  trespass-offering  ;  then  shall  ye  be 
healed,  and  it  shall  be  known  to  you 
why  His  hand  is  not  removed  from 
you.1 

Second  Lesson. 

VWHEREFORE  do  ye  harden  your 
hearts,  as  the  Egyptians  and 
Pharaoh  hardened  their  hearts  ? 
When  he  was  smitten,  did  he  not  let 
the  people  go,  and  they  departed  ? 
Now,  therefore,  take,  and  make  a 
new  cart,  and  two  milch  kine,  on 
which  there  hath  come  no  yoke  ;  tie 
the  kine  to  the  cart,  and  shut  up 
their  calves  at  home.  And  take  the 
Ark  of  the  LORD,  and  lay  it  upon  the 


cart,  and  put  the  jewels  of  gold,  which 
ye  return  Him  for  a  trespass-offering, 
in  a  coffer  by  the  side  thereof;  and 
send  it  away  that  it  may  go.  And 
see  ;  if  it  goeth  up  by  the  way  of  his 
own  coast  to  Beth-shemesh,  then  He 
hath  done  us  this  great  evil  ;  but  if 
not,  then  we  shall  know  that  it  is  not 
His  hand  that  smote  us — it  was  a 
chance  that  happened  to  us.  And 
the  men  did  so. 

Third  Lesson. 

A  ND  the  kine  took  the  straight  way 
to  the  way  of  Beth-shemesh,  and 
went  along  the  highway,  lowing  as 
they  went,  and  turned  not  aside  to  the 
right  hand  nor  to  the  left ;  and  the 
lords  of  the  Philistines  went  after  them 
unto  the  border  of  Beth  -  shemesh. 
And  they  of  Beth-shemesh  were  reap 
ing  their  wheat-harvest  in  the  valley  ; 
and  they  lifted  up  their  eyes,  and  saw 
the  Ark,  and  rejoiced  to  see  it.  And 
the  cart  came  into  the  field  of  Joshua, 
a  Beth  -  shemite,  and  stood  there — 
where  there  was  a  great  stone.  And 
they  clave  the  wood  of  the  cart,  and 
offered  the  kine  upon  it,  a  burnt-offer 
ing  unto  the  LORD.  And  the  Levites 
took  down  the  Ark  of  God. 

SECOND    NOCTURN. 

(Read  in  the    Votive  Office  in  July 
and  August.} 

Fourth  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Letter 
written  to  Caecilius  by  the  Holy 
Martyr  Cyprian,  Bishop  [of  Car 
thage.]  (Bk.  ii.  Ep.  3.) 

T  N  the  deed  of  the  Priest   Melchise- 
dek  we  see  a  type  of  the  Sacra 
ment    of   the    Lord's    Sacrifice.       For 


1  The  two  next  verses  contain  a  recommendation  to  send  with  the  Ark,  as  a  trespass-offering, 
certain  objects  made  of  gold. 


250 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


thus  it  is  written  in  the  writings  of 
God  :  —  "  And  Melchisedek  King  of 
Salem  brought  forth  bread  and  wine  : 
for  he  was  the  Priest  of  the  Most 
High  God  :  and  he  blessed  "  Abraham. 
(Gen.  xiv.  18.)  That  Melchisedek 
was  a  type  of  Christ,  the  Holy  Ghost 
Himself  doth  testify  in  the  Psalms, 
where  the  First  Person  of  the  Holy 
Trinity,  even  the  Father,  is  set  before 
us  as  saying  unto  the  Second  Person, 
that  is,  the  Son  : — "  Before  the  day- 
star  have  I  begotten  Thee.  .  .  .  Thou 
art  a  Priest  for  ever,  after  the  order  of 
Melchisedek."  (cix.  3,  4.)  And 
verily  that  sameness  of  order  cometh 
of  this  sacrifice,  and  proceedeth  from 
this,  that  Melchisedek  was  the  Priest 
of  the  Most  High  God  ;  that  he 
offered  bread  and  wine  ;  and  that  he 
blessed  Abraham. 


Fifth  Lesson. 

Priest  of  the  Most  High 
God  is  there,  more  so  than  is 
our  Lord  JESUS  Christ  ? — He  Who 
hath  made  an  offering  unto  God  the 
Father,  and  the  same  offering  that 
Melchisedek  made,  bread  and  wine, 
that  is  to  say,  His  Own  Flesh  and  His 
Own  Blood.  And,  as  touching  Abra 
ham,  that  ancient  blessing  was  spoken 
likewise  by  fore-knowledge  upon  us. 
For  if  Abraham  believed  God  and  it 
was  accounted  to  him  for  righteous 
ness,  verily,  whosoever  believeth  God 
and  liveth  by  faith,  the  same  is  found 
righteous,  and  is  shown  unto  us  that 
he  is  already  blessed  in  faithful  Abra 
ham,  and  justified  —  as  the  Apostle 
Paul  proveth,  where  he  saith :  — 
"Abraham  believed  God  and  it  was 
accounted  unto  him  for  righteousness. 
Know  ye  therefore  that  they  which 
are  of  faith,  the  same  are  the  children 
of  Abraham.  And  the  Scripture,  fore 
seeing  that  God  would  justify  the 
heathen  through  faith,  preached  before 


the  Gospel  unto  Abraham,  saying : 
In  thee  shall  all  nations  be  blessed." 
(Gal.  iii.  6-8.) 

Sixth  Lesson. 

T  N  Genesis,  therefore,  in  order  that 
the  Priest  Melchisedek  might  in 
due  order  pronounce  the  blessing  upon 
Abraham,  there  was  first  offered  a 
typical  sacrifice,  consisting  of  bread 
and  wine.  This  was  the  offering 
which  our  Lord  JESUS  Christ  com 
pleted  and  fulfilled,  when  He  offered 
up  bread  and  a  cup  of  wine  mingled 
[with  water].  This  fulfilment  by  Him 
Who  came  to  fulfil  (Matth.  v.  17,) 
utterly  satisfied  the  truth  of  the  image 
which  had  gone  before.  The  Holy 
Ghost  doth  by  Solomon  also  clearly 
foreshadow,  as  it  were  in  a  parable, 
the  Lord's  Sacrifice,  pointing  to  the 
victim  slain,  and  the  bread  and  the 
wine,  and  the  Altar  likewise,  and  the 
Apostles  ;  as  it  is  written  : — "Wisdom 
hath  builded  her  house,  she  hath 
hewn  out  her  seven  pillars  ;  she  hath 
killed  her  beasts,  she  hath  mingled 
her  wine,  she  hath  also  furnished  her 
table.  She  hath  sent  forth  her 
servants,  she  crieth  upon  the  highest 
places  of  the  city,  saying :  Whoso 
is  simple,  let  him  turn  in  hither  unto 
me.  As  for  them  that  want  under 
standing,  she  saith  to  them.  Come, 
eat  of  my  bread,  and  drink  of  the 
wine  which  I  have  mingled  for  you." 
(Prov.  ix.  1-5.) 


THIRD    NOCTURN. 

(Read  in  the    Votive  Office  in  July 
and  August.'] 


Seve7ith  Lesson. 

The   Lesson   is   taken  from   the    Holy 
Gospel  according  to  John   (vi.   56.) 


WITHIN    THE   OCTAVE   OF   CORPUS   CHRISTI. 


251 


AT  that  time:  JESUS  said  unto  the 
multitudes    of    the     Jews  :     My 
Flesh  is  meat  indeed,  and  My  Blood 
is  drink  indeed.      And  so  on. 

Homily  by  St  Austin,  Bishop  [of 
Hippo.]  (26th  Tract  on  John.} 

"  Not  as  your  fathers  did  eat 
manna,  and  are  dead."  Wherefore 
did  they  eat  and  die  ?  Because  they 
believed  only  that  which  they  saw  ; 
and  that  which  they  saw  not,  they 
understood  not.  Therefore  were  they 
your  fathers,  because  ye  are  like  unto 
them.  Doth  this  death,  my  brethren, 
mean  that  death  which  is  outward  and 
bodily  ?  And  do  not  we  also  die,  who 
eat  of  that  Bread  Which  cometh  down 
from  heaven  ?  That  death  died  they, 
and  so  shall  we  also,  as  far,  as  I  have 
said,  as  is  meant  that  death  which  is 
outward  and  bodily. 

EightJi  Lesson. 

"DUT  the  death  whereof  the  Lord 
doth  sound  the  alarm,  the  death 
that  their  fathers  died,  is  another  death 
than  that  which  is  outward  and  bodily. 
Moses  ate  manna,  Aaron  ate  manna, 
Phinehas  ate  manna,  many  ate  manna 
in  whom  the  Lord  was  well  pleased — 
and  these  are  not  dead.  Wherefore  ? 
Because  they  understood  spiritually 
that  outward  bread,  spiritually  hun 
gered  thereafter,  spiritually  tasted 
thereof,  and  spiritually  were  satisfied 
therewith.  So  also  do  we  this  day 
feed  on  a  visible  food,  but  the  Sacra 
ment  is  one  thing,  and  the  grace  of 
the  Sacrament  is  another. 

Ninth  Lesson. 


that  eateth  and  drinketh  unworthily] 
eateth  and  drinketh  damnation  to 
himself."  (i  Cor.  xi.  29.)  Is  it  not 
written:  —  "When  JESUS  had  dipped 
the  sop,  he  gave  it  to  Judas  Iscariot, 
the  son  of  Simon,  and  after  the  sop 
Satan  entered  into  him  ?  "  (John  xiii. 
26,  27.)  And  yet  he  took  it.  And 
when  he  had  eaten  it,  the  enemy 
entered  in  and  possessed  him.  Not 
because  what  he  ate  was  evil,  but 
because  he,  being  evil,  dared  to  eat 
that  which  was  good.  Look  to  it 
well,  then,  brethren,  that  ye  take 
spiritually  the  Bread  Which  cometh 
down  from  heaven.  Bring  innocency 
with  you  to  the  Altar.  Though  your 
sins  be  daily,  let  them  not  be  deadly. 
Before  ye  draw  near  to  the  Altar, 
think  well  what  it  is  that  ye  say  :  — 
"  Forgive  us  our  trespasses,  as  we 
forgive  them  that  trespass  against  us." 
"  For,  if  ye  forgive  men  their  tres 
passes,  your  heavenly  Father  will  also 
forgive  you  "  (Matth.  vi.  14)  —  and  ye 
may  draw  near  boldly,  for  unto  you  It 
is  Bread,  and  not  poison. 


Fourth  Day  within  the  Octave  of  the 
Feast  of  the  Body  of  Christ. 

Semidouble. 

All  as  on  the  Feast,  except  that  the 
Antiphons  are  not  doubled,  and  the 
following. 

FIRST    NOCTURN. 

First  Lesson. 

The   Lesson   is   taken  from    the    First 
Book  of  Kings  (vi.    19.) 


(~\    HOW  many  there  be  which  re-  A  ND  [the  Lord]1  smote  the  men  of 

^      ceive  at  the  Altar,  and  die,  yea,  ^"^      Beth-shemesh,  because  they  had 

die     even     in     the     very     receiving  !  looked  into  the  Ark  of  the  LORD,  even 

Whence    the    Apostle    saith  : — "[He  He    smote    of  the    people    three-score 

1  I  venture  to  substitute  this  for  "  He,"  for  the  sake  of  clearness.     Latin  :  Percussit  autem  de 
viris,  &c. 


252 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


and  ten  men  and  fifty  thousand  of  the 
people.  And  the  people  lamented, 
because  the  LORD  had  smitten  many 
of  the  people  with  a  great  slaughter. 
And  the  men  of  Beth-shemesh  said  : 
Who  is  able  to  stand  before  this  Holy 
LORD  God  ?  and  to  whom  shall  He 
go  up  from  us  ?  And  they  sent 
messengers  to  the  inhabitants  of 
Kirjath-jearim,  saying  :  The  Philistines 
have  brought  again  the  Ark  of  the 
LORD  ;  come  ye  down,  and  fetch  it 
up  to  you.  (vii.  I.)  And  the  men 
of  Kirjath-jearim  came,  and  fetched 
up  the  Ark  of  the  LORD,  and  brought 
it  into  the  house  of  Abinadab  at 
Gibeah.  And  they  sanctified  Eleazar 
his  son  to  keep  the  Ark  of  the  LORD. 

Second  Lesson. 

A  ND  it  came  to  pass  that  from  the 
^•^  day  that  the  Ark  of  the  LORD 
came  to  abide  in  Kirjath-jearim,  the 
time  waxed  long,  until  it  was  already 
the  twentieth  year  that  it  had  abode 
there.  And  all  the  house  of  Israel 
lamented  after  the  LORD.  And 
Samuel  spake  unto  all  the  house  of 
Israel,  saying  :  If  ye  do  return  unto 
the  LORD  with  all  your  hearts,  then 
put  away  the  strange  gods  from  among 
you,  the  Baalim  and  the  Ashtaroth,1 
and  prepare  your  hearts  unto  the 
LORD,  and  serve  Him  only  ;  and  He 
will  deliver  you  out  of  the  hand  of 
the  Philistines.  Then  the  children  of 
Israel  did  put  away  the  Baalim  and 
the  Ashtaroth,  and  served  the  LORD 
only. 

Third  Lesson. 

AND     Samuel     said  :      Gather    all 

Israel    to    Mizpeh,    and    I    will 

pray   for   you    unto   the    LORD.      And 


they  gathered  to  Mizpeh,  and  drew 
water,  and  poured  it  out  before  the 
LORD,  and  fasted  on  that  day,  and 
said  there  :  We  have  sinned  against 
the  LORD.  And  Samuel  judged  the 
children  of  Israel  in  Mizpeh.  And 
when  the  Philistines  heard  that  the 
children  of  Israel  were  gathered  to 
gether  to  Mizpeh,  the  lords  of  the 
Philistines  went  up  against  Israel. 
And  when  the  Children  of  Israel  heard 
it,  they  were  afraid  of  the  Philistines. 
And  they  said  to  Samuel :  Cease  not 
to  cry  unto  the  LORD  our  God  for  us, 
that  He  will  save  us  out  of  the  hand 
of  the  Philistines. 

SECOND    NOCTURN. 

(Read in  the  Votive  Office  in  Septem 
ber  and  October. ) 

Fourth  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Book 
upon  the  Sacraments  written  by  St 
Ambrose,2  Bishop  [of  Milan.]  (Bk. 

iv.  ch.  4.) 

A1THO  invented  the  Sacraments  but 
VV  the  Lord  JESUS  ?  The  Sacra 
ments  came  down  from  heaven,  for 
all  counsel  is  from  heaven.  Never 
theless,  it  was  a  great  and  wonderful 
work  of  God  when  He  rained  down 
manna  upon  His  people,  and  the  people 
laboured  not,  and  yet  were  fed.  Per 
chance,  thou  sayest :  Here,  it  is  my 
bread  which  is  used.  But  that  bread 
is  bread  only  till  the  Sacramental  words 
are  spoken  ;  at  the  Consecration,  in 
stead  of  bread,  there  cometh  to  be 
the  Body  of  Christ.  This  therefore 
let  us  establish.  How  cometh  it  that 
that  which  was  bread  becometh  the 


I.e.,  shrines  and  images  of  Baal  and  Astarte"— a  couple  of  idols,  respectively  male  and 
female,  much  in  vogue  in  Syria.  What  they  represented  is  not  quite  agreed.  Gesenius  thinks 
they  were  meant  for  the  planets  Jupiter  and  Venus,  but  Baal  (that  is,  Lord)  sometimes  means 
the  sun.  The  worship  of  the  female  deity,  who  was  worshipped  as  reigning  over  lust,  consisted 
mostly  of  acts  of  studied  impurity  almost  incredible  to  Christian  ears. 
-  Pseudo-Ambrose. 


WITHIN    THE   OCTAVE   OF   CORPUS   CHRISTI. 


253 


Body  of  Christ  ?  Through  the  Con 
secration.  And  in  what  words  and 
in  Whose  language  doth  the  Con 
secration  take  place  ?  In  those  of 
the  Lord  JESUS.  All  the  other  things 
which  are  said  [in  the  Liturgy],  the 
ascription  of  praise  to  God  [in  the 
Preface],  the  prayer  for  the  people, 
for  kings,  and  for  others  which  formeth 
the  first  part  [of  the  Canon,  these  are 
put  in  the  mouth  of  the  Priest.]  But 
when  that  point  is  reached  when  this 
worshipful  Sacrament  is  to  be  con 
secrated,  then  the  Priest  useth  no  more 
his  own  words,  but  Christ's. 


Fifth  Lesson, 

T  T  is  the  word  of  Christ,  therefore, 
which  doth  the  needful  work  in 
this  Sacrament.  And  what  is  the  word 
of  Christ  ?  It  is  the  word  of  Him  at 
Whose  bidding  all  things  were  made. 
The  Lord  commanded,  and  the 
heavens  were  created  ;  the  Lord  com 
manded,  and  the  earth  was  formed  ; 
the  Lord  commanded,  and  the  seas 
were  made  ;  the  Lord  commanded, 
and  all  creatures  sprang  into  being. 
Thou  seest,  then,  how  mightily-work 
ing  a  word  is  the  word  of  Christ.  If 
then  the  word  of  Christ  hath  such 
power  that  it  can  make  that  to  be 
which  hath  never  been,  wherein  doth 
it  appear  greater  that  it  maketh  one 
thing  to  be  changed  into  Another  ? 
There  was  once  no  heaven  ;  there  was 
once  no  sea  ;  there  was  once  no  earth. 
But  hear  him  who  saith  : — "  He  spake, 
and  it  was  done  ;  He  commanded,  and 
it  stood  fast."  (Ps.  xxxii.  9.)  If, 
then,  I  am  to  answer  thee,  I  tell  thee, 
that  before  the  Consecration  it  is  not 
the  Body  of  Christ,  but  after  the  Con 
secration  it  is  the  Body  of  Christ, 
for  Himself  "hath  spoken,  and  it  is 


done  ;    He    hath   commanded,    and   it 
standeth   fast." 


Sixth  Lesson,     (ch.  5.) 

A  ND  now  I  come  back  to  my  text. 
It  is  indeed  a  great  and  wor 
shipful  fact  that  manna  was  rained 
down  upon  the  Jews  ;  but,  think  thou, 
which  was  the  more  great  and  wor 
shipful,  the  manna  from  heaven  or 
the  Body  of  Christ — the  Body  of  that 
Same  Christ  by  Whom  the  heavens 
were  made  ?  And,  again  ;  the  fathers 
"  did  eat  manna,  and  are  dead  ;  he 
that  eateth  of  this  Bread,"  (John  vi. 
58,)  It  is  unto  him  "the  remission  of 
sins,"  (Matth.  xxvi.  28,)  and  "he  shall 
never  die."  (John  xi.  26.)  1  There 
fore  it  is  not  idly  that,  when  thou 
art  a-receiving,  thou  sayest : — "Amen  " 
—  testifying  in  thine  heart  that  That 
Which  thou  art  taking  is  the  Body 
of  Christ.  The  Priest  saith  unto 
thee  :  — "  The  Body  of  Christ  !  "—and 
thou  answerest : — "Amen"— that  is 
to  say  :  — "It  is  true."  What  then 
thy  tongue  confesseth,  let  thine  heart 
hold  to. 

THIRD  NOCTURN. 

(Read  in  the  Votive  Office  i?i  Septem 
ber  and  October. ) 


Seventh  Lesson. 

The    Lesson   is  taken   from    the   Holy 
Gospel  according  to  John  (vi.  55.) 

A  T  that  time  :  JESUS  said  unto  the 
^^  multitudes  of  the  Jews  :  My 
Flesh  is  meat  indeed,  and  My  Blood 
is  drink  indeed.  And  so  on. 

Homily   by   St    Hilary,    Bishop   [of 
Poitiers.]2     {Bk.  viii.  on  the  Trinity.} 


1  The  next  words  relate  to  the  form  of  words  used  in  administering  the  Holy  Communion 
where  and  when  the  writer  lived.  The  translator  believes  it  to  be  the  same  still  in  use  in 
Abyssinia.  ~  Jan.  14. 

VOL.   III.  I  2 


254 


THE    PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


When  we  speak  concerning  the 
things  of  God,  we  must  not  speak  after 
the  manner  of  men,  nor  after  the 
manner  of  the  world.  Let  us  read 
those  things  which  are  written,  and 
understand  those  things  which  we 
read  ;  and  then  let  us  act  as  having 
a  perfect  faith.  We  shall  speak  but 
folly  and  godlessness  if  we  speak  con 
cerning  the  natural  truth  of  Christ  in 
us;  and  have  not  learnt  at  Christ's 
School  how  we  should  speak.  He 
Himself  saith  : — "  My  Flesh  is  meat 
indeed,  and  My  Blood  is  drink  in 
deed.  He  that  eate.th  My  Flesh 
and  drinketh  My  Blood,  dwelleth 
in  Me,  and  I  in  him."  There  is 
here  no  room  left  for  doubt  as 
to  What  is  His  Flesh  and  what  is 
His  Blood.1 


Eighth  Lesson. 

T^OR  now  we  know  by  the  declara- 
tion  of  the  Lord  Himself  and  by 
[the  teaching  of]  our  Faith,  the  reality 
of  His  Flesh  and  Blood.  And  when 
we  eat  the  One  and  drink  the  Other, 
They  work  effectually  in  us  to  make 
us  dwell  in  Him  and  He  in  us.  Is 
not  this  a  reality  ?  Surely  it  befalleth 
not  them  to  find  it  true,  who  deny  that 
Christ  JESUS  is  Very  God.  He  is  in 
us  by  means  of  His  Flesh,  and  we  are 
in  Him  when  that  which  we  are  is 
with  Him  in  God.  That  we  dwell  in 
Him  through  that  Sacrament  wherein 
His  Flesh  and  Blood  are  given  unto 
us,  He  Himself  doth  testify,  where 
He  saith  : — "  Yet  a  little  while,  and 
the  world  seeth  Me  no  more  ;  but 
ye  see  Me  ;  because  I  live  ye  shall 
live  also.  [At  that  day  ye  shall 
know  that]  I  am  in  My  Father,  and 
ye  in  Me,  and  I  in  you."  (John  xiv. 
19,  20.) 


Ninth  Lesson. 

T)UT  that  this  union  in  us  is  a  real 
one,  He  testifieth  thus  : — "  He 
that  eateth  My  Flesh  and  drinketh  My 
Blood,  dwelleth  in  Me,  and  I  in  him." 
For  no  one  dwelleth  in  Him  in  whom 
He  doth  not  dwell,  since  he  which 
receiveth  [the  Body  of  Christ]  hath 
but  received  that  Flesh  of  [the  same 
nature  as]  his  own,  which  Christ  hath 
taken  into  Himself.  The  mystery  of 
this  perfect  union  He  had  taught  be 
fore,  when  He  said  : — "  As  the  living 
Father  hath  sent  Me,  and  I  live  by 
the  Father,  so,  he  that  eateth  Me, 
even  he  shall  live  by  Me."  He  there 
fore  liveth  by  the  Father,  and,  as  He 
liveth  by  the  Father,  so  shall  we  live 
by  Him. 

Vespers  are  the  same  as  the  First 
Vespers  of  the  Feast. 

If  a  Common  Double  Feast  fall  on 
this  day  it  is  only  commemorated. 


Octave  of  Corpus  Christi, 

The  Eighth  Day  of  the  Feast  of  the 
Body  of  Christ. 

Double. 

All  as  on  the  Feast-day  except  the 
following. 


SECOND    NOCTURN. 

(Read  in  the  Votive  Office  in  Novem 
ber  and  December. 


Fourth  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Sermons 
of  the  Blessed  Patriarch  of  Jerusa 
lem,  Cyril.'2  (Catechetical  Lectures, 

4-) 


1  De  veritate  carnis  et  sanguinis  non  relictus  est  ambigendi  locus. 

2  Elected  A.D.  350.     Suffered  much  persecution  from  the  Arians,  and  died  March  18,  386. 


OCTAVE  OF  CORPUS  CHRISTI. 


255 


''"THE  teaching  of  the  blessed  Paul 
seemeth  of  itself  enough  instruc 
tion  for  you  concerning  those  Divine 
Mysteries,  whereof,  if  ye  be  made 
worthy,  ye  become  therein,  so  to 
speak,  of  one  Body  and  of  one  Blood 
with  Christ.  Paul  saith  that  our  Lord 
JESUS  Christ,  "  the  same  night  in 
which  He  was  betrayed,  took  bread  ; 
and,  when  He  had  given  thanks,  He 
brake  it,  and  gave  it  unto  His  dis 
ciples,  saying  :  Take,  eat ;  this  is  My 
Body.  .  .  .  After  the  same  manner 
also  He  took  the  cup,"  and  gave 
thanks,  "and  said:" — Take  this,  and 
drink  it ;  this  is  My  Blood.  Since 
therefore  it  is  He  Who  hath  definitely 
stated  and  said,  touching  that  Bread  : 
"  This  is  My  Body  " — who  will  dare 
any  longer  to  doubt  that  It  is  so  ? 
And  since  it  is  He  again  that  hath 
absolutely  affirmed  and  said,  touching 
that  cup  :  "  This  is  My  Blood  " — who 
is  he  that  will  doubt  any  longer,  or 
say  that  It  is  not  His  Blood  ? 

Fifth  Lesson. 

A  T  the  beginning  of  His  ministry,  at 
•f^  Cana  in  Galilee,  the  Lord  turned 
water  into  wine,  a  thing  which  hath 
some  qualities  in  common  with  blood  ; 
and  shall  we  deem  Him  less  worthy 
that  we  should  believe  Him,  when  He 
turneth  wine  into  Blood  ?  When  He 
was  bidden  to  that  marriage  wherein 
twain  were  made  one  flesh,  He  did 
the  beginning  of  His  miracles  to  the 
amazement  of  all  men  ;  and  shall  we 
less  surely  hold  that  He  hath  given 
us  His  Body  and  Blood  to  be  our 
meat  and  drink,  or  take  them  with 
weaker  faith  that  they  are  indeed  His 
Body  and  His  Blood  ?  Under  the 
appearance  of  bread  He  giveth  unto 
us  His  Body,  and,  under  the  appear 
ance  of  wine,  His  Blood  :  and  when 
thou  shalt  come  to  receive,  it  is  on 


the  Body  and  Blood  of  Christ  that 
thou  wilt  feed,  being  made  a  partaker 
of  His  Body  and  of  His  Blood.  Thus 
indeed  it  is  that  we  become  Christ- 
bearers,1  namely,  by  carrying  about 
Christ  in  our  bodies,  when  we  receive 
His  Body  and  Blood  into  our  own 
frames.  Thus,  as  the  blessed  Peter 
hath  it,  we  are  "  partakers  of  the 
Divine  nature."  (2  Pet.  i.  4.) 

Sixth  Lessoji. 

/CHRIST  once  said,  in  conversing" 
with  the  Jews  :  "  Except  ye  eat 
the  Flesh  of  the  Son  of  Man,  and 
drink  His  Blood,  ye  have  no  life  in 
you."  (John  vi.  53.)  But  they  took 
not  spiritually  that  which  He  said, 
and  "from  that  time  many  of  His 
disciples  went  back,  and  walked  no 
more  with  Him."  (66.)  They  thought 
that  He  had  bidden  them  to  eat  flesh. 
The  Old  Testament  also  had  Shew- 
bread,  but  this  Old  Testament  bread 
was  now  to  have  an  end.  The  bread 
of  the  New  Testament  is  "  the  Bread 
Which  cometh  down  from  heaven " 
(50),  the  cup  of  the  New  Testament, 
the  Cup  of  Salvation,  that  Bread  and 
that  Cup  Which  hallow  both  souls 
and  bodies.  Wherefore  I  will  have 
thee  to  understand  that  the  Bread  and 
Wine  whereunto  thou  art  to  come,  are 
not  mere  common  bread  or  mere  com 
mon  wine  ;  for  they  are  the  Body 
and  the  Blood  of  Christ.  Even  if 
thy  senses  do  indeed  deny  this  fact, 
yet  let  faith  make  thee  right  sure  of 
it.  Judge  not  the  Thing'  by  the  taste 
thereof,  but  let  faith  assure  thee  be 
yond  all  doubt  thou  art  partaking  of 
the  Body  and  Blood  of  Christ. 

THIRD    NOCTURN. 

(Read  in  the  Votive  Office  in  Novem 
ber  and  December. ) 


Christiferi. 


256 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


Seventh  Lesson. 

The  Lesson   is   taken   from  the  Holy 
Gospel  according  to  John  (vi.  56.) 

AT  that  time:  JESUS  said  unto  the 
^*-  multitudes  of  the  Jews :  My 
Flesh  is  meat  indeed,  and  My  Blood 
is  drink  indeed.  And  so  on. 

Homily  by  St  Cyril,  Pope  [of  Alex 
andria.]  (Book  iv.  on  John,  ch.  17.) 

"  He  that  eateth  My  Flesh  and 
drinketh  My  Blood,"  saith  the  Lord, 
"dwelleth  in  Me,  and  I  in  him."  If 
a  man  take  two  pieces  of  wax  and 
melt  them,  and  pour  the  one  into 
the  other,  they  necessarily  mingle  ;  so 
also,  he  that  receiveth  the  Body  and 
Blood  of  the  Lord  doth  become  so 
joined  with  the  Lord  that  he  is  to 
be  found  in  Christ  and  Christ  in  him. 
Another  comparison  thou  wilt  find  in 
Matthew.  The  Lord  there  saith : 
"  The  kingdom  of  heaven  is  like  unto 
leaven  which  a  woman  took,  and  hid 
in  three  measures  of  meal,  [till  the 
whole  was  leavened,]"  (xiii.  33,)  be 
cause,  as  Paul  saith,  "a  little  leaven 
leaveneth  the  whole  lump."  (Gal.  v. 
9.)  So  also  doth  a  little  of  this 
Blessing  draw  the  whole  man  unto 
Itself,  and  fill  him  with  Its  grace : 
and  thus  doth  Christ  dwell  in  us,  and 
we  in  Christ. 


Eighth  Lesson. 


A; 


S  for  ourselves,  if  we  would  win 
life  everlasting ;  if  we  would 
that  the  Giver  of  immortality  should 
dwell  in  us,  let  us  run  freely  to  re 
ceive  this  Blessing,  and  let  us  beware 
that  the  devil  succeed  not  in  laying 
a  stumbling-block  in  our  way,  in  the 
shape  of  a  mistaken  reverence.  Thou 
rightly  sayest,  and  we  know  well,  how 
that  it  is  written :  "Whosoever  shall  eat 
this  Bread  and  drink  this  Cup  of  the 


Lord  unworthily  .  .  .  eateth  and  drink 
eth  damnation  to  himself."  (i  Cor. 
xi.  27,  29.)  I  therefore  examine  my 
self  and  find  myself  unworthy.  And 
I  ask  thee,  who  citest  these  words  to 
me,  who  shall  ever  be  found  worthy  ? 
When  wilt  thou  be  such  an  one  as 
may  be  worthy  to  be  offered  to  Christ  ? 
If  by  sin  thou  art  unworthy,  and  thou 
ceasest  not  to  sin,  (for,  as  the  Psalm 
ist  hath  it,  —  -"Who  can  understand 
his  errors  ?  "  —  Ps.  xviii.  13,)  then  shalt 
thou  for  ever  lack  this  means  of  life 
and  sanctification. 

Ninth  Lesson. 

V^HEREFORE,  I  counsel  thee  to 
betake  thee  to  godly  thoughts, 
and  to  live  carefully  and  holily,  and  so 
to  receive  that  Blessing  —  a  Blessing 
which,  believe  me,  doth  banish,  not 
death  only,  but  all  diseases  likewise. 
For  when  Christ  dwelleth  in  us,  He 
stilleth  the  law  of  death  in  our  mem 
bers,  which  warreth  against  the  law 
of  our  mind,  (Rom.  vii.  23,)  He 
giveth  strength  to  godliness,  He  turn- 
eth  to  calm  the  turbulent  surging  of 
our  mind,  He  cureth  them  which  are 
sick,  He  raiseth  up  them  which  are 
fallen,  and,  like  the  Good  Shepherd, 
Which  giveth  His  life  for  the  sheep, 
He  prevaileth  that  the  sheep  perish 
not. 


Sixth  Day. 
First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson   is   taken  from  the  First 
Book  of  Kings  (viii.  4.) 

HPHEN  all  the  elders  of  Israel 
gathered  themselves  together, 
and  came  to  Samuel  unto  Rama. 
And  they  said  unto  him  :  Behold, 
thou  art  old,  and  thy  sons  walk  not 
in  thy  ways  ;  make  us  a  King  to 


SECOND   WEEK   AFTER   PENTECOST. 


257 


judge   us    like   all   the   nations.       The       and  he  will  take  your  daughters  to  be 
thing    displeased    Samuel,    that    they       confectionaries,  and  to  be  cooks,  and 

to  be  bakers  ;  and  he  will  take  your 
fields,  and  your  vineyards,  and  your 
olive-yards,  even  the  best  of  them,  and 
give  them  to  his  servants. 

Third  Respoiisory. 
Thus  saith  the  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 


said :    Give   us   a    King   to  judge   us. 
And  Samuel  prayed  unto  the  LORD. 

First  Responsory. 
Saul  hath  slain,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 

Second  Lesson. 

AND  the  LORD  said  unto  Samuel : 
'^  Hearken  unto  the  voice  of  the 
people  in  all  that  they  say  unto  thee. 
For  they  have  not  rejected  thee,  but 
they  have  rejected  Me,  that  I  should 
not  reign  over  them.  According  to 
all  the  works  which  they  have  done 
since  the  day  that  I  brought  them  up 
out  of  Egypt,  even  unto  this  day  ; 
wherewith  they  have  forsaken  Me, 
and  served  other  gods,  so  do  they  also 
unto  thee.  Now,  therefore,  hearken 
unto  their  voice  ;  howbeit  yet  protest 
solemnly  unto  them,  and  show  them 
the  manner  of  the  king  that  shall 
reign  over  them. 

Second  Responsory. 

Ye   mountains   of  Gilboa,    &c.,   (p. 
223.) 

Third  Lesson. 

A  ND  Samuel  told  all  the  words  of 
^^  the  LORD  unto  the  people  that 
asked  of  him  a  king,  and  he  said : 
This  will  be  the  manner  of  the  king 
that  shall  reign  over  you  :  he  will  take 
your  sons,  and  appoint  them  for  his 
chariots,  and  to  be  his  horsemen,  and 
to  run  before  his  chariots,  and  he  will 
appoint  him  captains  over  thousands, 
and  captains  over  hundreds,  and  will 
set  them  to  ear  his  ground,  and  to 
reap  his  harvest,  and  to  make  his 
instruments  of  war,  and  his  chariots  ; 


The  Sabbath. 
First  Lesson. 

The    Lesson   is   taken  from  the   First 
Book  of  Kings  (ix.    i.) 

1  "VI  OW  there  was  a  man  of  Benja- 
min,  whose  name  was  Kish, 
the  son  of  Abiel,  the  son  of  Zeror,  the 
son  of  Beehorath,  the  son  of  Aphiah,  a 
Benjamite,  a  mighty  man  of  power. 
And  he  had  a  son  whose  name  was 
Saul,  a  choice  young  man  and  a 
goodly  ;  and  there  was  not  among  the 
children  of  Israel  a  goodlier  person 
than  he  ;  from  his  shoulders  and  up 
ward  he  was  higher  than  any  of  the 
people.  And  the  asses  of  Kish,  Saul's 
father,  were  lost  ;  and  Kish  said  to 
Saul  his  son  :  Take  now  one  of  the 
servants  with  thee,  and  arise,  go  seek 
the  asses.  And  they  passed  through 
Mount  Ephraim,  and  passed  through 
the  land  of  Shalisha,  but  they  found 
them  not  ;  then  they  passed  through 
the  land  of  Shalim,  and  there  they 
were  not  :  and  he  passed  through  the 
land  of  the  Benjamites,  but  they  found 
them  not. 


First  Responsory. 
My  sins  are  many,  &c.,  (p.  224.) 


1  The  Lessons  formerly  (and  in  England  still)  read  on  Friday  relate  how  the  Israelites  came 
to  Samuel  demanding  a  king,  and  God  commanded  him  to  act  according  to  their  wishes. 


258 


THE    PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


Second  Lesson. 

AND  when  they  were  come  to  the 
^^  land  of  Zuph  Saul  said  to  his 
servant  that  was  with  him  :  Come,  and 
let  us  return  ;  lest  my  father  leave 
caring  for  the  asses,  and  take  thought 
for  us.  And  he  said  unto  him  :  Be 
hold  now,  there  is  in  this  city  a  man 
of  God,  and  he  is  an  honourable  man  ; 
all  that  he  saith  cometh  surely  to  pass. 
Now,  let  us  go  thither  ;  peradventure 
he  can  show  us  our  way  that  we 
should  go,  to  find  that  whereafter  we 
are  come.  Then  said  Saul  to  his 
servant :  But,  behold,  if  we  go,  what 
shall  we  bring  the  man  of  God  ?  for 
the  bread  is  spent  in  our  vessels,  and 
we  have  not  a  basket  nor  aught  be 
side,  that  we  may  bring  it  for  a 
present  unto  the  man  of  God.  And 
the  servant  answered  Saul  again  :  Be 
hold,  I  have  here  in  my  hand  the 
fourth  part  of  a  shekel  of  silver  ;  that 
let  us  give  to  the  man  of  God,  to  tell 
us  our  way. 

Second  Responsory. 

O  LORD,  Thou  hast  hearkened,  &c., 

(p.  224.) 

Third  Lesson.     (14.) 

AND  they  went  up  into  the  city. 
•^^  And  when  they  were  come  into 
the  city,  behold,  Samuel  came  out 
against  them,  for  to  go  up  to  the  high 
place.  Now  the  LORD  had  told 
Samuel  in  his  ear,  a  day  before  Saul 
came,  saying  :  To-morrow,  about  this 
time,  I  will  send  thee  a  man  out  of 
the  land  of  Benjamin,  and  thou  shalt 
anoint  him  to  be  Captain  over  My 
people  Israel,  and  he  shall  save  My 
people  out  of  the  hand  of  the  Philis 
tines  ;  for  I  have  looked  upon  My 
people  ;  because  their  cry  is  come  unto 
Me.  And  when  Samuel  saw  Saul,  the 


LORD  said  unto  him  :  Behold  the  man 
whom  I  spake  to  thee  of;  this  same 
shall  reign  over  My  people. 

Third  Responsory. 
Hearken,  O  LORD,  £c.,  (p.  225.) 

Prayer  until  Vespers  as  on  Sunday 
last. 

At  the  beginning  of  the  Mar  tyro  logy, 
is  said, 

The  morrow  is  the  Feast  of  the 
Most  Sacred  heart  of  JESUS. 

Vespers  are  of  the  Feast. 


after 


Feast  of  the  Most  Sacred  Heart 
of  JESUS. 

Double  of  the  First  Class. 

All  as  on  Sundays,  except  what  is 
otherwise  given  here. 


FIRST    VESPERS. 

Antiphons,     Chapter,     and    Prayer 
from  Lauds. 

Ps.    cix.   The    Lord    said,    &c.,    (/. 
176.) 

Ps.  ex.    I  will  praise  Thee,  &c.,  (p. 

177.) 

Ps.  cxv.    I  believed,  &c.,  (p.  185.) 
Ps.    cxxvii.   Blessed    is    every    one, 
&c.,   (p.    191.) 

Ps.  cxlvii.   Praise  the  LORD,  O  Jeru 
salem,  &c.,  (p.  203.) 

Hymn?- 

JESUS  !  Creator  of  the  world  ! 
Of  all  mankind  Redeemer  blest ! 
True  God  of  God,  in  Whom  we  see 
The  Father's  Image  clear  expressed  ! 


Author  unknown  ;  translation  by  the  Rev.  E.  Caswall. 


THIRD   WEEK   AFTER    PENTECOST. 


259 


Thee,  Saviour !  love  alone  constrained 
To  make  our  mortal  flesh  Thine  Own, 
And,  as  a  second  Adam,  come 
For  the  first  Adam  to  atone. 

That  self-same  love  which  made  the  sky, 
Which  made  the  sea,  and  stars,  and  earth, 
Took  pity  on  our  misery, 
And  broke  the  bondage  of  our  birth. 

O  JESUS  !  In  Thy  Heart  Divine 
May  that  same  love  for  ever  glow  ! 
For  ever  mercy  to  mankind 
From  that  exhaustless  Fountain  flow  ! 

For  this  Thy  Sacred  Heart  was  pierced, 
And  both  with  Blood  and  Water  ran— 
To  cleanse  us  from  the  stains  of  guilt, 
And  be  the  hope  and  strength  of  man. 

To  God  the  Father,  and  the  Son, 
All  praise,  and  power,  and  glory  be, 
With  Thee,  O  Holy  Comforter  ! 
Henceforth  through  all  eternity.     Amen. 

Verse.  l  I  am  come  to  send  fire  on 
the  earth, 

Answer.  And  what  will  I,  if  it  be 
already  kindled  ? 

Antiphon  at  the  Song  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin.  2  My  heart  hath  looked  for 
reproach  and  bitterness  ;  and  I  looked 
for  some  to  take  pity  on  me,  and  there 
was  none  ;  and  for  comforters,  and  I 
found  none. 

Commemoration  of  the  Sunday. 

Antiphon.  And  all  [Israel]  from 
Dan  even  to  Beersheba  knew  that 
Samuel  was  established  a  Prophet  of 
the  Lord. 

Verse.  Let  the  evening  prayer  as 
cend  unto  Thee,  O  Lord. 

Answer.  And  let  there  descend 
upon  us  Thy  mercy. 


Prayer. 

f~\  GOD,  the  Protector  of  all  them 
V  that  trust  in  Thee,  without 
Whom  nothing  is  strong,  nothing  is 

1  Luke  xii.  49. 


Holy  ;  increase  and  multiply  upon  us 
Thy  mercy,  that  Thou  being  our  ruler 
and  guide,  we  may  so  pass  through 
things  temporal,  that  we  finally  lose 
not  the  things  eternal.  Through  our 
Lord  JESUS  Christ  Thy  Son,  Who 
liveth  and  reigneth  with  Thee,  in  the 
unity  of  the  Holy  Ghost,  one  God, 
world  without  end.  Amen. 

MATTINS. 

Invitatory.      Christ  suffered  for  us, 
*   O   come,   let  us  worship   Him  ! 

Hymn. 

QF  sin  and  love  the  Lord  had  died  :— 

Of  sin,  but  not  His  own— 
Of  love,  self-sprung,  that  drew  Him  down 
For  sinners  to  atone. 

And  sin,  when  in  the  last  strong  cry 

Had  passed  His  latest  breath, 
Still  aimed  the  soldier's  spear  to  pierce 

His  pulseless  Heart  in  death. 

Sin  pierced  Him,  but  His  love  called  life 
Out  of  the  Streams  sin  wrung: 

The  Church,  from  out  His  Heart  of  love, 
In  Blood  and  Water  sprung. 

Where  men  would  drown  in  sin,  He  set 
That  Church  o'er  sin's  black  tide  — 

An  Ark  of  safety,  Whose  wide  Door 
Was  opened  in  His  Side. 

Love    gave    those    Streams    from    out    His 
Heart 

In  sevenfold  tide  to  flow, 
Wherefrom  our  robes  by  faith  and  love 

May  whiter  rise  than  snow. 

O  may  we  lay  our  sins  aside — 

Those  sins  that  pierced  His  Heart— 

And  pray  of  Him  new  hearts  of  flesh, 
Hearts  Christ-like,  to  impart. 

Grant  it,  O  Father,  Only  Son, 

And  Spirit,  God  of  grace, 
To  whom  all  worship  shall  be  done, 

In  every  time  and  place.     Amen. 

2  Ps.  Ixviii.  21. 


260 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


FIRST    NOCTURN. 

First  Antiphon.  l  What  is  man, 
that  Thou  shouldest  magnify  him  ? 
and  that  Thou  shouldest  set  Thine 
Heart  upon  him  ? 


Psalm  VIII. 
O  LORD,  our  Lord,  &c.,  (p.  7.) 

Second  Antiphon.  Let  the  medita 
tion  of  my  heart  be  acceptable  in  Thy 
sight  for  ever. 

Psalm  XVIII. 
The  heavens  declare,  (p.  17.) 

Third  Antiphon.  Be  ye  lift  up,  ye 
everlasting  doors,  and  the  King  of 
glory  shall  come  in. 

Psalm  XXIII. 

The  earth    is  the   LORD'S,   &c.,   (p. 

46.) 

Verse.  2  LORD,  Thou  wilt  ordain 
peace  for  us, — 

Answer.  For  Thou  hast  also 
wrought  all  our  works  for  us. 

First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Book  of 
the  Prophet  Isaiah  (xii.  i.) 

Q  LORD,  I  will  praise  Thee ; 
though  Thou  wast  angry  with 
me,  Thine  anger  is  turned  away,  and 
Thou  comfortedst  me.  Behold,  God 
is  my  salvation  ;  I  will  trust,  and  not 
be  afraid  ;  for  the  LORD  is  my  strength 
and  my  song  ;  He  also  is  become  my 
salvation.  Therefore  with  joy  shall  ye 
draw  water  out  of  the  wells  of  the 
Saviour  ;  and  in  that  day  shall  ye  say  : 
Praise  the  LORD,  and  call  upon  His 


Name ;  [declare  His  doings  among 
the  people  ;]  make  mention  that  His 
Name  is  exalted.  Sing  unto  the 
LORD,  for  He  hath  done  excellent 
things  ;  make  ye  this  known  in  all 
the  earth.  Cry  out  and  shout,  thou 
inhabitant  of  Zion,  for  great  is  the 
Holy  One  of  Israel  in  the  midst  of 
thee  ! 

First  Responsory. 

3 1  am  that  Bread  of  life.  Your 
fathers  did  eat  manna  in  the  wilder 
ness,  and  are  dead.  This  is  the  Bread 
Which  cometh  down  from  heaven,  that 
a  man  may  eat  thereof,  and  not  die. 

Verse.  I  am  the  living  Bread 
Which  came  down  from  heaven  ;  if 
any  man  eat  of  this  Bread,  he  shall 
live  for  ever. 

Answer.  This  is  the  Bread  Which 
cometh  down  from  heaven,  that  a  man 
may  eat  thereof,  and  not  die. 


Second  Lesson,     (xxvi.  i.) 


I 


N  that  day  shall  this  song  be  sung 
in  the  land  of  Judah.  4Zion  is 
our  strong  city,  the  Saviour  will  God 
appoint  in  her  for  walls  and  bulwarks. 
Open  ye  the  gates,  that  the  righteous 
nation  which  keepeth  the  truth  may 
enter  in.  The  former  wandering  is 
past :  Thou  shalt  keep  lasting  peace, 
because  our  trust  is  stayed  on  Thee. 
Ye  trust  in  the  LORD  for  ever,  in  the 
LORD  GOD  mighty  for  ever.  For  He 
bringeth  down  them  that  dwell  on 
high,  the  lofty  city,  He  shall  lay  it 
low,  He  shall  lay  it  low,  even  to  the 
ground. 

Second  Respojisory. 

5  Behold,  when  we  shall  see  Him, 
He  hath  no  form  nor  comeliness  :  there 
is  no  beauty  in  Him  :  this  is  He 
Which  hath  borne  our  griefs  and 


1  Job  vii.  17. 

4  Zion,  not  in  the  Hebrew. 


2  Isa. 
5  Isa. 


XXVI.    12. 

liii.  2,  4. 


3  John  vi.  48-52. 


THIRD   WEEK   AFTER   PENTECOST. 


26l 


carried  our  sorrows ;  but  He  was 
wounded  for  our  transgressions,  and 
with  His  stripes  we  are  healed. 

Verse.  Surely  He  hath  borne  our 
griefs  and  carried  our  sorrows. 

Answer.  And  with  His  stripes  we 
are  healed. 

Third  Lesson,      (v.  7.) 

HPHE  way  of  the  just  is  upright,  the 
path  wherein  the  just  walketh  is 
upright.  Yea,  in  the  way  of  Thy 
judgments,  O  LORD,  have  we  waited 
for  Thee  ;  the  desire  of  our  soul  is  to 
Thy  name,  and  to  the  remembrance 
of  Thee.  With  my  soul  have  I  de 
sired  Thee  in  the  night ;  yea,  with 
mine  inmost  spirit  will  I  seek  Thee 
early.  When  Thy  judgments  are  in 
the  earth,  the  inhabitants  of  the  world 
will  learn  righteousness. 

Third  Responsory. 

1  Blessed  be  the  LORD  God  of  hosts, 
Who  only  doeth  wondrous  things. 
And  blessed  be  His  glorious  Name 
for  ever. 

Verse.  And  let  the  whole  earth  be 
filled  with  His  glory.  Amen.  Amen. 

Answer.  And  blessed  be  His 
glorious  Name  for  ever. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  And  blessed  be  His 
glorious  Name  for  ever. 

SECOND    NOCTURN. 

First  Antiphon.  With  gladness 
and  rejoicing  shall  they  be  brought ; 
they  shall  enter  into  the  King's 
palace. 

Psalm  XLIV. 

Mine  heart  is  overflowing,  &c.,  (p. 
96.) 


Second  Antiphon.      The  Most  High 
hath  hallowed  His  Tabernacle. 


Psalm  XLV. 

God  is  our  refuge,  &c.,  (p.  97.) 

Third    Antiphon.      All     they     that 
dwell  in  thee  are  in  gladness. 

Psalm  LXXXVI. 
Her  foundation,  &c.,  (p.  144.) 

Verse.      Thine  anger  is  turned  away. 
Answer.      And     Thou     comfortedst 
me. 

Fottrth  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Sermons 
of  St  Bernard,  Abbat  [of  Clairvaux.] 
(3rd  on  the  Lord's  Passion.) 


OW  that  we   have  once  reached 


N 

the  Heart  of  JESUS,  that  Heart 
of  exceeding  sweetness,  and  know  how 
that  "it  is  good  for  us  to  be  here," 
(Matth.  xvii.  4,)  let  us  never  again 
suffer  ourselves  to  be  torn  away  from 
Him  concerning  Whom  it  is  written  : 
"  They  that  depart  from  Thee  shall  be 
written  in  the  earth."  (Jer.  xvii.  13.) 
But  what  portion  is  theirs  that  draw 
nigh  unto  Thee,  Thou  Thyself,  O 
Lord,  dost  tell  us,  for  Thou  hast  said 
unto  such :  "  Rejoice,  because  your 
names  are  written  in  heaven."  (Luke 
x.  20.)  Unto  Thee  therefore  let  us 
draw  nigh  —  "we  will  be  glad  and 
rejoice  in  Thee"  when  "we  remember 
Thine"  Heart.  (Cant.  i.  3.)  "Be 
hold,  how  good  and  pleasant  it  is  to 
dwell  in"(Ps.  cxxxii.  i)  this  Heart! 
Yea,  let  me  cast  away  all  things,  all 
my  thoughts,  and  all  my  feelings, 
let  me  cast  them  all  away,  and  let  me 
"cast  all  my  care"  (i  Pet.  v.  7)  upon 
the  Heart  of  the  Lord  JESUS  "and  He 
shall  sustain  me."  (Ps.  liv.  23.) 


1  Ps.  Ixxi.  19. 


262 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF  THE   SEASON. 


Fourth  Responsory. 

]  He  that  eateth  My  Flesh  and 
drinketh  My  Blood,  dwelleth  in  Me, 
and  I  in  him.  *  P.  T.  Alleluia. 

Verse.  2  What  nation  is  there  so 
great,  who  hath  gods  so  nigh  unto 
them,  as  the  LORD  our  God  is  to 
us? 

Answer.  Dwelleth  in  Me,  and  I  in 
him.  *  P.  T.  Alleluia. 


Fifth  Lesson. 

'"TOWARD  this  Temple,  toward  this 
Holy  of  Holies,  towards  this  Ark 
of  the  covenant,  "  will  I  worship  and 
praise  Thy  Name"  (Ps.  cxxxvii.  2) 
saying  with  David  :  "  Thy  servant 
hath  found  in  his  heart  to  pray  this 
prayer  unto  Thee"  (2  Kings  vii.  27.) 
And  I  have  found  the  Heart  of  JESUS, 
the  Heart  of  my  King,  my  Brother, 
and  my  tender  Friend.  And  am  I 
not  to  worship  ?  Yea,  O  JESUS  most 
sweet,  now  that  I  have  found  this 
Heart,  Which  is  both  Thine  and  mine, 
I  will  worship  Thee.  O  my  God ! 
And,  O,  do  Thou  graciously  let  my 
supplication  enter  into  that  Sanctuary 
of  mercy  !  Draw  me  altogether  into 
that  Heart  of  Thine  !  O  JESUS,  in 
the  Perfection  of  Thy  beauty  fairer 
than  the  children  of  men,  wash  Thou 
me  "  thoroughly  from  mine  iniquity 
and  cleanse  me  from  my  sin,"  (Ps. 
1.  4,)  that,  being  made  pure  by  Thee, 
I  may  be  able  to  come  unto  Thee, 
Who  art  Thyself  most  Pure,  and  that 
I  may  be  meet  "  to  dwell  in  Thy " 
Heart  "  all  the  days  of  my  life,  to  be 
hold  "  (Ps.  xxvi.  4)  Thee,  and  to  be 
strong  to  do  Thy  will. 


Fifth  Responsory. 

3  He  hath  been  brought  as  a  lamb 
to   the   slaughter,    and    while  he   was 


evil-entreated  he  opened  not  his 
mouth  :  he  was  delivered  up  to  death, 
that  he  might  quicken  his  people. 

Verse.  4  He  hath  poured  out  his 
soul  unto  death,  and  he  was  numbered 
with  the  transgressors. 

Answer.  That  he  might  quicken 
his  people. 

Sixth  Lesson. 

/T**O  this  end  was  Thy  Side  pierced, 
•*•  that  we  might  find  a  wide  en 
trance  there.  To  this  end  was  Thine 
Heart  wounded,  that  we  might  be  able 
to  dwell  in  It  and  in  Thee,  "  hidden 
in  the  secret  of  Thy  presence  from  the 
troubling  of  men."  (Ps.  xxx.  21.) 
Nevertheless,  It  was  pierced  to  this 
end  also,  that  behind  that  Bodily 
Wound  which  we  see,  we  may  per 
ceive  that  wound  of  love  which  is  not 
bodily.  And  how  could  that  love  be 
more  strikingly  shown  than  it  is  by 
Him  Who  hath  given,  not  His  Body 
only,  but  His  very  Heart,  to  be  pierced 
for  us  ?  The  bodily  wound  showeth 
the  spiritual.  Who  is  there  that  would 
not  love  that  wounded  Heart  ?  Who 
would  not  return  love  for  love  to  Him 
That  hath  loved  so  well  ?  Who  would 
not  embrace  Him  Who  standeth  so 
pure  ?  While,  therefore,  we  yet  linger 
here  in  this  body,  let  us  love  and  love 
again  Him  Who  hath  first  loved  us, 
let  us  lay  hold  on  that  Wounded  One, 
Wounded  for  us,  Whose  Hands  and 
Feet,  Whose  Side  and  Heart,  the 
wicked  husbandmen  have  so  pierced. 
(Matth.  xxi.  35-39.)  Let  us  stand 
waiting  till  He  be  pleased  to  constrain 
with  the  bond,  and  pierce  with  the 
spear,  of  His  love,  these  hearts  of  ours 
that  still  are  so  hard  and  unrepentant. 
(So  far  St  Bernard.} 

The  Supreme  Pontiff  Clement  XIII., 
to  the  end  that  Christ's  faithful  people 
might  in  still  more  godly  and  earnest 


1  John  vi.  57. 


3  Cf.  Isa.  liii.  7;  i  Mace.  vi.  44. 


4  Isa.  liii.  12. 


THIRD   WEEK   AFTER   PENTECOST. 


sort  call  to  mind,  and  more  readily 
drink  in  the  fruits  of,  the  wondrous 
love  of  Him  Who  suffered  for  us,  Who 
laid  down  His  life  for  the  redemption 
of  man,  and  who  hath  instituted  the 
Sacrament  of  His  Own  Body  and 
Blood  for  a  continual  showing-forth 
of  His  death,  of  which  love  His  Most 
Sacred  Heart  is  an  embodiment, 
granted  the  prayer  of  certain  Churches, 
which  desired  to  observe  a  Festival 
in  honour  of  the  said  Most  Sacred 
Heart. 

This  Feast  Pius  IX.  extended  to  the 
whole  Church,  and  at  length  the 
Supreme  Pontiff,  Leo  XIII.,  in  accord 
ance  with  the  wishes  of  the  whole 
Catholic  world,  raised  it  to  the  rank 
of  a  Double  of  the  First  Class. 


Sixth  Responsory. 

1  Great  is  the  LORD,  and  greatly  to 
be  praised,  and  His  Wisdom  is  un 
searchable. 

Verse.  2  Great  is  our  Lord,  and  of 
great  power,  and  His  understanding 
is  infinite. 

•  Answer.      And  His  Wisdom   is  un 
searchable. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and 
to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Answer.  And  His  Wisdom  is 
unsearchable. 


THIRD    NOCTURN. 

First   Antiphon.      Show   forth    His 
salvation  from  day  to  day. 


Psalm  XCV. 
O  sing  unto  the  LORD,  £c.,  (p.  148.) 

Second  Antiphon.  Worship  Him, 
all  ye  His  Angels  ! — Zion  heard,  and 
was  glad. 


Psalm  XCVI. 
The  LORD  reigneth,  &c.,  (p.  149.) 

Third  Antiphon.  All  the  ends  of 
the  earth  have  seen  the  salvation  of 
our  God. 

Psalm  XCVI  I. 
O  sing  unto  the  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  157.) 

Verse.  3  Out  of  Zion,  the  Perfection 
of  beauty, — 

Answer.  Our  God  shall  come 
manifestly. 

Seventh  Lesson. 

The    Lesson  is  taken   from    the   Holy 
Gospel  according  to  John  (xix.  31.) 

A  T  that  time  :  The  Jews,  because  it 
was  the  Preparation,  that  the 
bodies  should  not  remain  upon  the 
cross  on  the  Sabbath-day  (for  that 
Sabbath  was  an  high  day)  besought 
Pilate  that  their  legs  might  be  broken, 
and  that  they  might  be  taken  away. 
And  so  on. 

Homily  by  St  Austin,  Bishop  [of 
Hippo.]  ( 1 2 oth  Tract  on  John. ) 

"  One  of  the  soldiers  with  a  spear 
pierced  His  Side,  and  forthwith  came 
thereout  Blood  and  Water."  The 
Evangelist  speaketh  carefully.  He 
saith  not  that  He  smote  the  Side, 
nor  yet  that  he  wounded  It,  nor  yet 
anything  else,  but  "  pierced  "- 
"pierced"  It,  to  fling  wide  the  en 
trance  unto  life,  whence  flow  the 
Sacraments  of  the  Church,  those 
Sacraments  without  which  there  is 
no  entrance  unto  the  life  which  is 
life  indeed.  That  Blood  Which  was 
shed  there  was  shed  for  the  remission 
of  sins,  that  Water  is  the  water  that 
mantleth  in  the  cup  of  salvation. 
Therein  are  we  washed  and  thereof 


1  Ps.  xlvii.  2. 


"  Ps.  cxlvi.  5. 


3  Ps.  xlix.  2. 


264 


THE  PROPER  OFFICE  OF  THE  SEASON. 


do  we  drink.  Of  this  was  it  a  type 
when  it  was  said  unto  Noah:  "The 
door  of  the  ark  shalt  thou  set  in  the 
side  thereof  ....  and  of  every  living- 
thing  of  all  flesh  shalt  thou  bring  into 
the  ark  ....  to  keep  them  alive." 
(Gen.  vi.  16,  19.)  A  figure  this  of 
the  Church. 

Seventh  Responsory. 

1  As  the  living  Father  hath  sent  Me, 
and  I  live  by  the  Father,  so  he  that 
eateth  Me,  even  he  shall  live  by  Me. 
*  P.  T.  Alleluia. 

Verse.  2  With  the  bread  of  life 
and  understanding  hath  the  Lord  fed 
him. 

Answer.  So  he  that  eateth  Me, 
even  he  shall  live  by  Me.  *  P.  7\ 
Alleluia. 

Eighth  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Homilies 
of  St  John  Chrysostom,  [Patriarch 
of  Constantinople.  ]  (  8  tfh  on  John,  ) 


C  EEST  thou  the  power  of  the  truth  ? 
The  act  of  the  Jews  was  a  mean 
to  the  fulfilment  of  prophecy,  whereby 
another  truth  was  made  manifest. 
"  Then  came  the  soldiers,  and  brake 
the  legs  of  the  first,  and  of  the  other, 
which  was  crucified  with  Him.  But 
when  they  came  to  JESUS,  and  saw 
that  He  was  dead  already,  they  brake 
not  His  Legs  ;  but  one  of  the  soldiers 
with  a  spear  pierced  His  Side."  Will 
ing  to  do  the  Jews  a  pleasure,  that 
man  outraged  his  Redeemer  even  in 
death  —  vile  and  iniquitous  willingness  ! 
But  rest  Thou  still,  O  Thou  Whom 
my  soul  loveth  !  —  they  thought  to  do 
it  wickedly,  but  they  did  service  to 
the  truth.  "  For  these  things  were 
done  that  the  Scripture  should  be 
fulfilled:  'A  bone  of  Him  shall  not 
be  broken  '  —  and  again  another  Scrip 
ture  saith  :  '  They  shall  look  on  Him 

1  John  vi.  58. 


Whom  they  pierced.'"  Nor  was  it 
done  for  this  alone,  but  it  was  after 
ward  a  mean  to  faith  for  Thomas  and 
them  that  were  with  him.  And  yet 
again  another  great  mystery  was  here 
established,  for  :  "  forthwith  came 
thereout  Blood  and  Water."  Nor 
idly  nor  perchance  sprang  forth  that 
twofold  fountain,  for  the  Church,  like 
her  Great  Head,  "came  by  Water 
and  Blood — not  by  Water  only,  but 
by  Water  and  Blood."  (i  John  v.  6.) 

Eighth  Responsory. 

Our  Shepherd,  even  the  Fountain  of 
living  waters,  is  gone  from  us  ;  He 
passed  away,  and  the  sun  was  darkened. 
Our  Saviour  hath  burst  the  gates  and 
bars  of  death. 

Verse.  The  bands  of  hell  He  hath 
utterly  abolished,  and  hath  done  away 
the  power  of  the  devil. 

Answer.  Our  Saviour  hath  burst 
the  gates  and  bars  of  death. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  Our  Saviour  hath  burst 
the  gates  and  bars  of  death. 

Ninth  Blessing. 

May  the  Gospel's  glorious  word 
Cleansing  to  our  souls  afford. 

Ninth  Lesson. 

The   Lesson   is    taken   from   the   Holy 
Gospel  according  to   Luke  (xv.    I.) 

A  T  that  time :  There  drew  near 
•*"*•  unto  JESUS  the  publicans  and 
sinners,  for  to  hear  Him.  And  so  on. 

Homily  by  Pope  St  Gregory  [the 
Great.]  (34/#  on  the  Gospels.} 

Ye  have  heard,  my  brethren,  from 
the  Gospel  which  hath  but  now  been 

2  Ecclus.  xv.  3. 


THIRD  WEEK   AFTER   PENTECOST. 


265 


read,  how  that  the  publicans  and  sin 
ners  drew  near  unto  our  Redeemer, 
and  how  that  He  received  them,  not 
only  to  converse,  but  also  to  eat  with 
Him.  And  when  the  Pharisees  and 
Scribes  saw  it,  they  murmured.  From 
this  learn  ye,  that  true  righteousness 
is  merciful,  and  false  righteousness  is 
contemptuous,  albeit  that  the  righteous 
also  oft-times  feel  moved  with  just  in 
dignation  at  sinners.  But  it  is  one 
thing  to  feel  thus  indignant  through 
pride,  and  another  to  feel  so  through 
love  of  law.  The  righteous  indeed 
look  down  upon  sinners,  and  yet,  as 
not  despising  them  ;  they  abandon 
them,  and  yet,  as  not  without  hope  ; 
they  fight  against  them,  and  yet,  as 
loving  them  all  the  while  ;  for  if  they 
be  behoven  to  chasten  them  grievously 
as  touching  the  outer  man,  yet  is  it 
through  charity  which  offereth  sweet 
ness  to  their  inner  man.  In  their 
hearts  they  prefer  before  themselves 
them  whom  they  are  correcting  ;  they 
hold  as  better  than  themselves  them 
whom  they  judge.  And  thus  doing, 
they  watch  by  carefulness  over  them, 
which  are  committed  unto  their  charge, 
and,  by  lowly-mindedness,  over  them 
selves.  On  the  other  hand,  they 
whose  exaltation  cometh  of  a  false 
righteousness,  look  down  upon  their 
neighbour,  but  are  softened  by  no 
mercy  toward  his  misery,  and  are  all 
the  more  sinful,  because  they  perceive 
not  that  they  themselves  are  sinners. 
Of  such  were  those  Pharisees  who 
judged  the  Lord  because  He  re 
ceived  sinners,  and,  in  the  dryness  of 
their  own  heart,  rebuked  the  very 
Fountain  of  mercy.  They  were  sick 
of  so  desperate  a  sickness  that  they 
knew  not  of  themselves  that  they  were 
sick  ;  but,  that  they  might  know  that 
they  were  so,  the  Heavenly  Physician 
applied  to  them  His  tender  ointments, 


and,  by  means  of  a  gracious  parable, 
lanced  the  boil  of  their  pride  of  heart. 


LAUDS. 

First  Antiphon.  l  Learn  of  Me,  * 
for  I  am  meek  and  lowly  in  Heart. 

Second  Antiphon.  2  I  have  sancti 
fied  this  place,  *  that  My  Name  may 
be  there  for  ever,  and  Mine  eyes,  and 
Mine  heart  shall  be  there  perpetually. 

Third  Antiphon.  3And  I  said: 
Then  have  I  cleansed  my  heart  *  in 
vain,  and  washed  my  hands  in  inno- 
cency,  for  all  the  day  long  have  I 
been  plagued. 

Fourth  Antiphon.  4  In  the  multi 
tude  of  the  sorrows  *  within  my  heart, 
Thy  comforts  delight  my  soul. 

Fifth  Antiphon.  5  Set  me  as  a 
seal  upon  thine  heart,  *  as  a  seal 
upon  thine  arm. 


Chapter.      (Isa.  xii.  2,  3.) 

"DEHOLD,  God  is  my  salvation  ;  I 
will  trust,  and  not  be  afraid ; 
for  the  LORD  is  my  strength  and  my 
song  ;  He  also  is  become  my  salva 
tion.  Therefore  with  joy  shall  ye 
draw  water  out  of  the  wells  of  the 
Saviour. 

Hymn. 

JESUS!  behind  Thy  Temple's  Veil, 
J      Hid  in  an  ark  of  gold, 
On  stones  engraven,  lay  the  Law 
Thy  finger  wrote  of  old. 

But,  in  Thy  Body's  Temple  new, 
Thy  Life- Blood's  throbbing  Shrine, 

Held,  upon  Fleshly  Tables  graved, 
The  Law  of  love  Divine. 

And  when  that  Heart  in  death  was  stilled, 
Each  Temple's  Veil  was  riven  : — 

And  lo  !  within  Thy  love's  red  Shrine 
To  us  to  look  was  given  ! 


1  Matth.  xi.  29. 
4  Ps.  xciii.  19. 


2  2  Par.  (Chron.)  vii.  16. 
5  Cant.  viii.  6. 


3  Ps.  Ixxii.  13. 


266 


THE    PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


There  make  us  gaze— and  see  the  love 
Which  drew  Thee,  for  our  sake,— 

O  Great  High  Priest !— Thyself  to  God 
A  Sacrifice  to  make. 

Thou,  Saviour  !  cause  that  every  soul 
Which  Thou  hast  loved  so  well, 

May  will  within  Thine  opened  Heart 
In  life  and  death  to  dwell. 

Grant  it,  O  Father,  Only  Son, 

And  Spirit,  God  of  grace, 
To  Whom  all  worship  shall  be  done 

In  every  time  and  place.     Amen. 

Verse.  l  Surely  He  hath  borne  our 
griefs. 

Answer,     And  carried  our  sorrows. 

Antiphon  at  the  Song  of  Zacharias. 
1  He  was  wounded  for  our  transgres 
sions.  He  was  bruised  for  our  ini 
quities  :  the  chastisement  of  our  peace 
was  upon  Him,  and  with  His  stripes 
we  are  healed. 


Prayer  throughout  the  Office. 

O  ALMIGHTY  God,  grant,  we  be 
seech  Thee,  that  all  we  who  do 
make  our  boast  in  the  most  Holy 
Heart  of  Thy  well-beloved  Son,  and 
do  tell  of  the  wondrous  works  of  His 
love  to  us-ward,  may  be  blessed  in 
knowing  both  what  He  hath  wrought 
for  us  and  also  what  He  is  able  and 
willing  to  work  in  us.  Through  the 
Same  our  Lord  JESUS  Christ  Thy  Son, 
Who  liveth  and  reigneth  with  Thee, 
in  the  unity  of  the  Holy  Ghost,  one 
God,  world  without  end.  Amen. 

Commemoration  of  the  Sunday. 

Antiphon.  What  man  of  you,  hav 
ing  an  hundred  sheep,  if  he  lose  one 
of  them,  doth  not  leave  the  ninety 
and  nine  in  the  wilderness,  and  go 
after  that  which  is  lost,  until  he  find 
it  ?  Alleluia. 


Verse.  The  Lord  reigneth  ;  He  is 
clothed  with  majesty. 

Answer.  The  Lord  is  clothed  with 
strength,  and  hath  girded  Himself  with 
power. 

Prayer  as  at  Commemoration  on 
Saturday  evening. 

PRIME. 

Antiphon.  Learn  of  Me,  &c.,  (First 
Antipho?i  at  Lauds.} 

In  the  Short  Responsory  instead  of 
"Thou  That  sittest,  &c.,"  is  said: 

Verse.  Thou  That  didst  suffer  for 
us. 

Chapter  at  the  end.      (Isa.  xii.  5.) 

CING  unto  the  LORD,  for  He  hath 
^  done  excellent  things.  Make  ye 
this  known  in  all  the  earth.  Cry  out 
and  shout,  thou  inhabitant  of  Zion ! 
For  great  is  the  Holy  One  of  Israel  in 
the  midst  of  thee  ! 


TERCE. 

Antiphon.      I   have  sanctified,   &c. 
(Second  Antiphon  at  Lauds.} 

Chapter  from  Lauds. 

Short  Responsory. 

Surely  He  hath  borne  our  griefs. 

Answer.  Surely  He  hath  borne  our 
griefs. 

Verse.      And  carried  our  sorrows. 

Answer.     He  hath  borne  our  griefs. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father,  and 
to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy  Ghost. 

Answer.  Surely  He  hath  borne  our 
griefs. 

Verse.  He  maketh  peace  in  Thy 
borders. 

Answer.  And  filleth  thee  with  the 
finest  of  the  wheat. 


Isa.  liii.  4,  5. 


THIRD   WEEK   AFTER    PENTECOST. 


267 


Antiphon.  And  I  said,  &c.,  (Third 
Antiphon  at  Lattds.} 

Chapter.      (Isa.  xii.  4.) 

T  N  that  day  shall  ye  say  :   Praise  the 
LORD,  and  call  upon  His  Name  ! 
make  mention  that  His  Name  is  ex 
alted. 

Short  Responsory. 

He  maketh  peace  in  thy  borders. 

Answer.  He  maketh  peace  in  thy 
borders. 

Verse.  And  filleth  thee  with  the 
finest  of  the  wheat. 

Answer.      Peace  in  thy  borders. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

Answer.  He  maketh  peace  in  thy 
borders. 

Verse.  l  O  Lord,  Thou  hast  loosed 
my  bonds. 

Answer.  I  will  offer  to  Thee  the 
sacrifice  of  thanksgiving. 

NONE. 

Antiphon.  Set  me  as  a  seal,  &c., 
(Fifth  Antiphon  at  Lauds.} 

Chapter  as  at  the  end  of  Prime. 


Short  Responsory. 

O  Lord,  Thou  hast  loosed  my 
bonds. 

Answer.  O  Lord,  Thou  hast  loosed 
my  bonds. 

Verse.  I  will  offer  to  Thee  the 
sacrifice  of  thanksgiving. 

A?iswer.  Thou  hast  loosed  my 
bonds. 

Verse.  Glory  be  to  the  Father, 
and  to  the  Son,  and  to  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

1  Ps.  cxv.  16,  17. 


Answer.  O  Lord,  Thou  hast  loosed 
my  bonds. 

Verse.  2  It  shall  be  to  the  LORD 
for  a  Name,  for  an  everlasting  Sign 

Answer.      That  shall  not  be  cut  off. 

SECOND    VESPERS. 

All  as  the  First,  except  the  follow 
ing. 

Verse.  With  joy  shall  ye  draw 
water. 

Answer.  Out  of  the  wells  of  the 
Saviour. 

Antiphon  at  the  Song  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin.  But  when  they  came  to 
JESUS,  and  saw  that  He  was  dead  al 
ready,  they  brake  not  His  Legs  :  but 
one  of  the  soldiers  with  a  spear  pierced 
His  Side,  and  forthwith  came  thereout 
Blood  and  Water. 


Commemoratio?i  of  the  Sunday. 

Antiphon.  What  woman,  having 
ten  pieces  of  silver,  if  she  lose  one 
piece,  doth  not  light  a  candle,  and 
sweep  the  house,  and  seek  diligently 
till  she  find  it? 

Verse.  Let  my  prayer,  O  Lord,  be 
set  forth. 

Answer.      As  incense  before  Thee. 

Prayer  as  at  Commemoration  on 
Saturday  evening. 


The    Offices  for   the    Sundays    and 
Week-days  between  this  point  and  the 
Saturday  evening  before  Advent  Sun 
day  are  no  longer,  as  heretofore,  to  be 
found  in  one  place.      The  Proper  Office 
of  the   Season  occupies  three  sections, 
placed  in  the  order  of  the  Nocturns  to 
which  they  belong.      These  sections  are 
arra?iged  to  contain  as  follows : — 
/.  Lessons  from  the  Books  of  Kings 

2  Isa.  lv.  13. 


268 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE  OF   THE   SEASON. 


for  every  day  for  nine  weeks,  together 
with  Lessons  for  the  Second  Noct  urn  of 
each  of  the  nine  Sundays,  and  Anti- 
phons  for  the  Song  of  the  Blessed  Vir 
gin  on  each  preceding  Saturday  even 
ing.  This  section  is  begun  on  the 
Monday  of  the  Third  Week  after 
Pentecost  and  continued  till  the  Satur 
day  preceding  that  Sunday  which  is 
nearest  to  the  first  day  of  the  month  of 
August.  If  there  then  remains  any 
part  of  it  unread  that  part  is  for  that 
year  entirely  omitted. 

II.  The  Lessons  for  the  Ember-Days 
of  Septejnber  are  Homilies  on  the  Gos 
pels,  taken  from  the    Venerable  Bede, 
and  St  Gregory  the  Great;  and  in  this 
translation,  though  not  so  in  the  ori 
ginal,  there  are  inserted  into  this  Sec 
tion  the  complete  offices  of  a  few  Fes 
tivals  the  observance  of  whieh  is  co 
extensive  with  that  of  the  Roman  Rite, 
and  which  are  fixed  on  certain  of  the 
Sundays.      On  the  Sunday  nearest  to 
the  first  day  of  the  month  of  August  is 
begun  the  Book  of  Proverbs,  and  this 
Section  contains  lessons  for  every  day 

J or  five  weeks  in  each  of  the  months  of 
August,  September,  October,  and  Nov 
ember,  taken  from  Proverbs,  Ecclesi- 
astes,  Wisdom,  Ecclesiasticus,  Job, 
Tobit,  Judith,  Esther,  \st  and  2nd 
Machabees,  Ezekiel,  Daniel,  and  the 
Minor  Prophets. 

III.  Those  parts  of  the  Offices,  for 
the  Sundays  from  the  Fourth  to  the 
Twenty-third  Simday  after  Pentecost, 
and  for  the  Sunday  next  before  Advent, 
which  depend  upon  the  Gospels  for  each 
of  those  Sundays  respectively;  that  is 
to  say,  the  Lessons  for  the   Third  Noc- 
turn  and  the  Antiphons  for  the  Songs 
of  Zacharias  and  of  the  Blessed  Virgin 
Mary.      Here  also  is  to  be  found  the 
Prayer  for  each  Sunday,  which  Prayer 
is  read  from  the  Saturday  evening  pre 
ceding  the  Sunday  to  which  it  belongs 
till  None  on  the  Saturday  following, 


except  in  special  cases  and  in  that  of 
Festivals  falling  after  the  Sunday.  To 
these  are  added,  for  convenience"1  sake, 
a  reprint  of  such  parts  of  the  Offices 
for  the  four  Sundays  (the  Third, 
Fourth,  Fifth,  and  Sixth]  after  the 
Epiphany  as  may  have  been  dropped 
owing  to  the  earliness  of  Easter,  and 
are  now  to  be  used  for  the  Stmdays 
which  would  otherwise  be  vacant  be 
tween  the  2.^rd  after  Pentecost  and  that 
next  before  Advent. 


Second  Day. 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The   Lesson  is  taken  from   the    First 
Book  of  Kings  (x.    17.) 

A  ND  Samuel  called  the  people  to 
gether  unto  the  LORD  to  Mizpeh, 
and  said  unto  the  children  of  Israel  : 
Thus  saith  the  LORD  God  of  Israel  : 
I  brought  up  Israel  out  of  Egypt,  and 
delivered  you  out  of  the  hand  of  the 
Egyptians,  and  out  of  the  hand  of  all 
kings  that  oppressed  you.  And  ye 
have  this  day  rejected  your  God,  Who 
Himself  Alone  saved  you  out  of  all 
your  adversities  and  your  tribulations, 
and  ye  have  said  unto  Him  :  Nay, 
but  set  a  king  over  us.  Now  there 
fore,  present  yourselves  before  the 
LORD  by  your  tribes  and  by  your 
families. 

First  Responsory. 

Remember,  O  Lord,  Thy  covenant, 
and  say  unto  the  destroying  Angel  : 
Stay  now  thine  hand,  that  the  land  be 
not  utterly  laid  waste,  and  that  thou 
destroy  not  every  living  soul. 

Verse.  T  Even  I  it  is  that  have 
sinned,  and  done  evil  indeed  :  but 


1  2  Kings  (Sam.)  xxiv.  17  ;  i  Par.  (Chron.)  xxi.  17. 


THIRD   WEEK   AFTER   PENTECOST. 


269 


these  sheep  what 
Let  Thine  anger, 
LORD,  be  turned 
people. 

Answer.       That 
utterly    laid 
destroy    not 


have  they  done  ? 
I  pray  Thee,  O 
away  from  Thy 


the 


waste,    and 
every   living 


land  be  not 
that  Thou 
soul. 


Second  Lesson. 

A  ND  when  Samuel  had  caused  all 
the  tribes  of  Israel  to  come  near, 
the  tribe  of  Benjamin  was  taken.  And 
when  he  had  caused  the  tribe  of  Ben 
jamin  to  come  near  by  their  families, 
the  family  of  Metri  was  taken.  And 
Saul  the  son  of  Kish  was  taken. 
And  when  they  sought  him  he  could 
not  be  found.  Therefore  they  en 
quired  of  the  LORD  further,  if  the 
man  should  yet  come  thither.  And 
the  LORD  answered  :  Behold,  he  hath 
hid  himself  in  the  house.  And  they 
ran  and  fetched  him  thence  :  and 
when  he  stood  among  the  people  he 
was  higher  than  any  of  the  people 
from  his  shoulders  and  upward.  And 
Samuel  said  to  all  the  people  :  Ye 
see  him  whom  the  LORD  hath  chosen, 
that  there  is  none  like  him  among 
all  the  people.  And  all  the  people 
shouted  and  said  :  God  save  the 
King  ! 

Second  Rcsponsory. 

O  Lord,  Thou  hast  hearkened,  &c., 

(p.  224.) 

Third  Lesson. 

^PH?:N  Samuel  told  the  people  the 
manner  of  the  kingdom,  and 
wrote  it  in  a  book,  and  laid  it  up 
before  the  LORD  ;  and  Samuel  sent 
all  the  people  away,  every  man  to 
his  house.  And  Saul  also  went  home 
to  Gibeah  ;  and  there  went  with  him 
a  band  of  men  whose  hearts  God  had 
touched.  But  the  children  of  Belial 


said  :  How  shall  this  man  save  us  ? 
And  they  despised  him  and  brought 
him  no  presents  :  but  he  made  as 
though  he  heard  it  not. 

Third  Rcsponsory. 
Hearken,  O  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  225.) 


Third  l)<iy. 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The    Lesson    is   taken    from    the    First 
Book   of   Kings   (xii.    i.) 

A  Nl)  Samuel  said  unto  all  Israel: 
Behold,  I  have  hearkened  unto 
your  voice  in  all  thai  ye  said  unto 
me,  and  have  made  a  king  over  you. 
And  now,  behold,  the  king  walkelh 
before  you.  And  I  am  old  and  gray- 
headed  ;  and  behold  my  sons  are  with 
you.  And  I  have  walked  before  you 
from  my  childhood  unto  this  clay  ;  be 
hold,  here  I  am.  Witness  against 
me  before  the  LORD,  and  before  His 
Anointed,  whose  ox  have  I  taken,  or 
whose  ass  have  I  taken  ?  Whom 
have  I  defrauded,  whom  have  I  op 
pressed,  or  of  whose  hand  have  I 
received  any  bribe  ?  And  I  will  con 
demn  myself  this  day,  and  will  restore 
it  you.  And  they  said  :  Thou  hast 
not  defrauded  us,  nor  oppressed  us, 
neither  hast  thou  taken  aught  of  any 
man's  hand.  And  he  said  unto  them  : 
The  LORD  is  witness  against  you,  and 
His  Anointed  is  witness  this  day,  that 
ye  have  not  found  aught  in  my  hand. 
And  they  answered  :  He  is  witness. 

(     First  Rcsponsory. 

1  Lord,  when  Thy  people  shall  turn 
again    to    Thee,    and   shall   pray  unto 


1  3  (i)  Kings  viii.  33. 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


Thee  in  this  house,  then  hear  Thou  in 
heaven,  O  Lord,  and  deliver  them  out 
of  the  hand  of  their  enemies. 

Verse.  If  Thy  people  sin  against 
Thee,  and  turn  again,  and  repent,  and 
come  and  pray  unto  Thee  in  this 
house. 

Answer.  Then  hear  Thou  in 
heaven,  O  Lord,  and  deliver  them  out 
of  the  hand  of  their  enemies. 


Second  Lesson. 

AND  Samuel  said  unto  the  people  : 
•*^  It  is  the  LORD  That  advanced 
Moses  and  Aaron,  and  That  brought 
your  fathers  up  out  of  the  land  of 
Egypt.  Now  therefore,  stand  still, 
that  I  may  reason  with  you  before  the 
LORD,  of  all  the  merciful  acts  of  the 
LORD,  which  He  did  to  you  and  to 
your  fathers.  When  Jacob  was  come 
into  Egypt,  and  your  fathers  cried  unto 
the  LORD  ;  then  the  LORD  sent  Moses 
and  Aaron,  and  brought  forth  your 
fathers  out  of  Egypt,  and  made  them 
dwell  in  this  place.  And  when  they 
forgat  the  LORD  their  God,  He  sold 
them  into  the  hand  of  Sisera,  captain 
of  the  host  of  Hazor,  and  into  the  hand 
of  the  Philistines,  and  into  the  hand  of 
the  king  of  Moab,  and  they  fought 
against  them. 


Second  Responsory. 

1  And  it  came  to  pass  when  the 
Lord  would  take  up  Elijah  into  heaven 
by  a  whirlwind  ; — Elisha  cried,  and 
said  :  My  father,  my  father,  the 
chariot  of  Israel,  and  the  horsemen 
thereof. 


Verse.  And  as  they  still  went  on, 
and  talked,  behold,  there  appeared  a 
chariot  of  fire,  and  horses  of  fire, 
and  parted  them  both  asunder,  and 
Elijah  went  up  by  a  whirlwind  into 
heaven. 

Answer.  Elisha  cried,  and  said  : 
My  father,  my  father,  the  chariot  of 
Israel,  and  the  horsemen  thereof. 

Third  Lesson. 

A  FTERWARD  they  cried  unto  the 
^*  LORD,  and  said :  We  have 
sinned,  because  we  have  forsaken  the 
LORD,  and  have  served  Baalim  and 
Ashtaroth  :  but  now  deliver  us  out  of 
the  hand  of  our  enemies,  and  we  will 
serve  Thee.  And  the  LORD  sent 
Jerubbaal,2  and  Bedan,3  and  Jephthah, 
and  Samuel,  and  delivered  you  out  of 
the  hand  of  your  enemies  on  every 
side,  and  ye  dwelled  safe.  And  when 
ye  saw  that  Nahash,  the  king  of  the 
children  of  Ammon,  came  against  you, 
ye  said  unto  me  :  "  Nay  ;  but  a  king 
shall  reign  over  us," — when  the  LORD 
your  God  was  your  King.  Now  there 
fore,  behold  your  king,  whom  ye  have 
chosen,  and  whom  ye  have  desired. 
Behold,  the  LORD  hath  set  a  king 
over  you.  If  ye  will  fear  the  LORD, 
and  serve  Him,  and  obey  His  voice, 
and  not  rebel  against  the  command 
ment  of  the  LORD,  then  shall  both  ye, 
and  also  the  king  that  reigneth  over 
you,  continue  following  the  LORD 
your  God.  » 

Third  Responsory. 

Thus  saith  the  LORD  :   I  took  thee, 
&c.,  (p.  223.) 


1  4  (2)  Kings  ii.  r,  12,  n. 

2  "  Let-Baal-defend-himself  "— a  nickname  of  Gideon,  from  the  remark  made  by  his  father  to 
save  him  from  the  vengeance  of  the  idolaters  for  hewing  down  their  altar  and  cutting  down  their 
grove.     (Judges  vi.  32.")     The  true  believers  altered  this  into  "  Jerubbeshesh  "— i.e.,  "  Let-the- 
shameful-thing-defend-itself." 

3  This  name  occurs  nowhere  else,  and  appears  most  probably  to  indicate  Samson  under  the 
name  of  Ben-Dan,  or  the  Danite,  contracted  or  corrupted  into  Bedan. 


THIRD   WEEK   AFTER    PENTECOST. 


Fourth  Day. 
MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The    Lesson    is  taken  from   the    First 
Book  of  Kings   (xiii.    i.) 

CAUL  reigned  one  year,  and  when 
he  had  reigned  two  years  over 
Israel,  Saul  chose  him  three  thousand 
men  of  Israel  :  whereof  two  thousand 
were  with  Saul  in  Michmash,  and  in 
mount  Bethel,  and  a  thousand  were 
with  Jonathan  in  Gibeah  of  Benjamin. 
And  the  rest  of  the  people  he  sent 
every  man  to  his  tent.  And  Jonathan 
smote  the  garrison  of  the  Philistines 
that  was  in  Geba.  And  when  the 
Philistines  heard  of  it,  Saul  blew  the 
trumpet  throughout  all  the  land,  say 
ing  :  Let  the  Hebrews  hear.  And  all 
Israel  heard  say  that  Saul  had  smitten 
a  garrison  of  the  Philistines,  and  that 
Israel  was  raised  against  the  Philis 
tines.  And  the  people  were  called 
together  after  Saul  to  Gilgal. 

First  Responsory. 
My  sins  are  many,  &c.,  (p.  224.) 

Second  Lesson. 

A  ND  the  Philistines  gathered  them 
selves  together  to  fight  with 
Israel,  thirty  thousand  chariots,  and 
six  thousand  horsemen,  and  people  as 
the  sand  which  is  on  the  sea-shore  in 
multitude.  And  they  came  up  and 
pitched  in  Michmash,  eastward  from 
Bethaven.  When  the  men  of  Israel 
saw  that  they  were  in  a  strait,  (for  the 
people  were  distressed,)  then  the 
people  did  hide  themselves  in  caves, 
and  in  thickets,  and  in  rocks,  and  in 
caverns,  and  in  cisterns.  And  some 
of  the  Hebrews  went  over  Jordan  to 
the  land  of  Gad  and  Gilead.  As  for 


Saul,  he  was  yet  in  Gilgal,  and  all  the 
people  followed  him  trembling.  And 
he  tarried  seven  days  according  to  the 
set  time  that  Samuel  had  appointed, 
but  Samuel  came  not  to  Gilgal,  and 
the  people  were  scattered  from  him. 

Second  Responsory. 

O  Lord,  Thou  hast  hearkened,  &c., 
(p.  224.) 

Third  Lesson. 

A  ND  Saul  said  :  Bring  hither  a 
^  burnt-offering  to  me,  and  peace- 
offerings.  And  he  offered  the  burnt- 
offering.  And  it  came  to  pass  that  as 
soon  as  he  had  made  an  end  of  offer 
ing  the  burnt-offering,  behold,  Samuel 
came  :  and  Saul  went  out  to  meet  him, 
that  he  might  salute  him.  And 
Samuel  said  unto  him  :  What  hast 
thou  done  ?  And  Saul  said  :  Because 
I  saw  that  the  people  were  scattered 
from  me,  and  that  thou  earnest  not 
within  the  days  appointed,  and  that 
the  Philistines  gathered  themselves 
together  at  Michmash,  therefore  said 
I  :  The  Philistines  will  come  down 
now  upon  me  to  Gilgal,  and  I  have 
not  made  supplication  unto  the  LORD. 
I  forced  myself  therefore,  and  offered 
a  burnt-offering.  And  Samuel  said  to 
Saul :  Thou  hast  done  foolishly,  thou 
hast  not  kept  the  commandment  of 
the  LORD  thy  God,  which  He  com 
manded  thee.  For,  now,  if  thou 
hadst  not  done  it,  the  LORD  would 
have  established  thy  kingdom  upon 
Israel  for  ever,  but  now  thy  kingdom 
shall  not  continue.  The  LORD  hath 
sought  Him  a  man  after  His  own 
heart ;  and  the  LORD  hath  com 
manded  him  to  be  Captain  over  His 
people,  because  thou  hast  not  kept  that 
which  the  LORD  commanded  thee. 

Third  Responsory. 
Hearken,  O  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  225.) 


2/2 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


Fifth  Day. 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The    Lesson   is    taken  from  the    First 
Book  of  Kings   (xiv.    6.) 

A  ND  Jonathan  said  to  the  young 
•*•*'  man  that  bare  his  armour : 
Come,  and  let  us  go  over  unto  the 
garrison  of  these  uncircumcised,  it 
may  be  that  the  LORD  will  work  for 
us  ;  for  there  is  no  restraint  to  the 
LORD,  to  save  by  many  or  by  few. 
And  his  armour-bearer  said  unto  him  : 
Do  all  that  is  in  thine  heart ;  turn  thee 
where  thou  wiliest,  and  I  will  be  with 
thee  wherever  thou  wilt  go.  Then 
said  Jonathan  :  Behold,  we  will  pass 
over  unto  these  men,  and  when  we 
discover  ourselves  unto  them,  if  they 
say  thus,  Tarry  until  we  come  to  you, 
then  we  will  stand  still  in  our  place, 
and  will  not  go  up  unto  them.  But  if 
they  say  thus,  Come  up  unto  us,  then 
we  will  go  up,  for  the  LORD  hath 
delivered  them  into  our  hand  ;  and 
this  shall  be  a  sign  unto  us.  And 
both  of  them  discovered  themselves 
unto  the  garrison  of  the  Philistines, 
and  the  Philistines  said  :  Behold,  the 
Hebrews  come  forth  out  of  the  holes, 
where  they  had  hid  themselves. 

First  Responsory. 
Prepare  your  hearts,  &c.,  (p.  221.) 

Secojid  Lesson. 

AND  the  men  of  the  garrison  spake 
^^  unto  Jonathan  and  his  armour- 
bearer,  and  said  :  Come  up  to  us,  and 
we  will  show  you  a  thing.  And  Jona 
than  said  unto  his  armour-bearer  :  Let 
us  go  up,  follow  me  ;  for  the  LORD 
hath  delivered  them  into  the  hand  of 


Israel.  And  Jonathan  climbed  up 
upon  his  hands  and  upon  his  feet, 
and  his  armour-bearer  after  him. 
And  some  fell  before  Jonathan,  and 
some  his  armour-bearer  slew  after 
him.  And  that  first  slaughter  which 
Jonathan  and  his  armour-bearer  made 
was  about  twenty  men,  within,  as  it 
were,  an  half  acre  of  land,  which  a 
yoke  of  oxen  might  plough.  And 
there  was  trembling  in  the  host,  in 
the  field,  and  among  all  the  people, 
the  garrison  and  the  spoilers,  they 
also  trembled  and  the  earth  quaked  : 
so  it  was  as  a  wonder  from  God. 

Second  Responsory. 
God  Which  heareth,  &c.,  (p.  222.) 

Third  Lesson. 

A  ND  the  watchmen  of  Saul  in 
^^  Gibeah  of  Benjamin  looked, 
and,  behold,  the  multitude  was 
beaten  and  melted  away.  Then  said 
Saul  unto  the  people  that  were  with 
him  :  Number  now,  and  see  who  is 
gone  from  us.  And  when  they  had 
numbered,  behold,  Jonathan  and  his 
armour-bearer  were  not  there.  And 
Saul  said  unto  Ahiah  :  Bring  hither 
the  Ark  of  God.  (For  the  Ark  of 
God  was  at  that  time  with  the  chil 
dren  of  Israel.)  And  it  came  to  pass 
while  Saul  talked  unto  the  Priest,  that 
the  noise  that  was  in  the  host  of 
the  Philistines  went  on  and  increased. 
And  Saul  said  unto  the  Priest :  With 
draw  thine  hand.  And  Saul  and  all 
the  people  that  were  with  him  as 
sembled  themselves,  and  they  came  to 
the  battle,  and,  behold,  every  man's 
sword  was  against  his  fellow,  and 
there  was  a  very  great  slaughter. 

Third  Responsory. 

The     LORD     That    delivered,    &c., 

(P.    222.) 


THIRD   WEEK   AFTER   PENTECOST. 


273 


Sixth  Day. 

MATTINS. 
First  Lesson. 

The   Lesson  is  taken   from  the   First 
Book  of  Kings   (xv.    i.) 

C  AMUEL  also  said  unto  Saul :  The 
^  LORD  sent  me  to  anoint  thee  to 
be  king  over  His  people  Israel ;  now 
therefore,  hearken  thou  unto  the  voice 
of  the  LORD.  Thus  saith  the  LORD 
of  hosts  :  I  remember  that  which 
Amalek  did  to  Israel  ;  how  he  laid 
wait  for  him  in  the  way,  when  he 
came  up  from  Egypt.  Now  there 
fore,  go  and  smite  Amalek,  and  utterly 
destroy  all  that  they  have  ;  spare 
them  not,  and  set  not  thine  eyes 
upon  any  of  their  goods  to  desire 
them,  but  slay  both  man  and  woman, 
infant  and  suckling,  ox  and  sheep, 
camel  and  ass. 


First  Responsory. 
Saul  hath  slain,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 


alive  :    and   utterly   destroyed   all   the 
people  with  the  edge  of  the  sword. 

Second  Responsory. 

Ye   mountains    of  Gilboa,    &c.,    (p. 
223.) 

Third  Lesson. 

T)UT  Saul  and  the  people  spared 
Agag,  and  the  best  of  the  sheep 
and  of  the  oxen,  and  of  the  garments, 
and  of  the  rams,  and  all  that  was 
good,  and  would  not  utterly  destroy 
them  ;  but  everything  that  was  vile 
and  refuse,  that  they  destroyed  utterly. 
Then  came  the  word  of  the  LORD 
unto  Samuel,  saying :  It  repenteth 
Me  that  I  have  set  up  Saul  to  be 
King,  for  he  is  turned  back  from 
following  Me,  and  hath  not  per 
formed  My  commandments.  And  it 
grieved  Samuel,  and  he  cried  unto 
the  LORD  all  night. 

Third  Responsory. 

Thus  saith  the  LORD  :   I  took  thee, 
&c.,  (p.  223.) 


Second  Lesson. 

A  ND  Saul  gathered  the  people  to- 
^^  gether  and  numbered  them  like 
sheep,  two  hundred  thousand  foot,  and 
ten  thousand  men  of  Judah.  And 
Saul  came  to  a  city  of  Amalek,  and 
laid  wait  in  the  valley.  And  Saul 
said  unto  the  Kenites  :  Go,  depart, 
get  you  down  from  among  the  Ama- 
lekites,  lest  I  destroy  you  with  them. 
For  ye  showed  kindness  to  all  the 
children  of  Israel,  when  they  came 
up  out  of  Egypt.  So  the  Kenites 
departed  from  among  the  Amalekites. 
And  Saul  smote  the  Amalekites  from 
Havila  until  thou  comest  unto  Shur, 
that  is  over  against  Egypt.  And  he 
took  Agag  the  king  of  the  Amalekites 


The  Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesso7i. 

The   Lesson    is    taken   from   the   First 
Book  of  Kings  (xvi.    i.) 

AND  the  Lord  said  unto  Samuel  : 
^^  How  long  wilt  thou  mourn  for 
Saul,  seeing  that  I  have  rejected  him 
from  reigning  over  Israel  ?  Fill  thine 
horn  with  oil  and  go,  I  will  send  thee 
to  Jesse  the  Bethlehemite  ;  for  I  have 
provided  Me  a  king  among  his  sons. 
And  Samuel  said :  How  can  I  go  ? 
For  Saul  will  hear  it,  and  kill  me. 


2/2 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE    SEASON. 


Fifth  Day. 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The    Lesson    is    taken  from  the    First 
Book  of  Kings   (xiv.    6.) 

A  ND  Jonathan  said  to  the  young 
"**•  man  that  bare  his  armour : 
Come,  and  let  us  go  over  unto  the 
garrison  of  these  uncircumcised,  it 
may  be  that  the  LORD  will  work  for 
us  ;  for  there  is  no  restraint  to  the 
LORD,  to  save  by  many  or  by  few. 
And  his  armour-bearer  said  unto  him  : 
Do  all  that  is  in  thine  heart ;  turn  thee 
where  thou  wiliest,  and  I  will  be  with 
thee  wherever  thou  wilt  go.  Then 
said  Jonathan  :  Behold,  we  will  pass 
over  unto  these  men,  and  when  we 
discover  ourselves  unto  them,  if  they 
say  thus,  Tarry  until  we  come  to  you, 
then  we  will  stand  still  in  our  place, 
and  will  not  go  up  unto  them.  But  if 
they  say  thus,  Come  up  unto  us,  then 
we  will  go  up,  for  the  LORD  hath 
delivered  them  into  our  hand  ;  and 
this  shall  be  a  sign  unto  us.  And 
both  of  them  discovered  themselves 
unto  the  garrison  of  the  Philistines, 
and  the  Philistines  said  :  Behold,  the 
Hebrews  come  forth  out  of  the  holes, 
where  they  had  hid  themselves. 

First  Responsory. 
Prepare  your  hearts,  &c.,  (p.  221.) 

Second  Lesson. 

AND  the  men  of  the  garrison  spake 
"^^  unto  Jonathan  and  his  armour- 
bearer,  and  said  :  Come  up  to  us,  and 
we  will  show  you  a  thing.  And  Jona 
than  said  unto  his  armour-bearer  :  Let 
us  go  up,  follow  me  ;  for  the  LORD 
hath  delivered  them  into  the  hand  of 


Israel.  And  Jonathan  climbed  up 
upon  his  hands  and  upon  his  feet, 
and  his  armour-bearer  after  him. 
And  some  fell  before  Jonathan,  and 
some  his  armour-bearer  slew  after 
him.  And  that  first  slaughter  which 
Jonathan  and  his  armour-bearer  made 
was  about  twenty  men,  within,  as  it 
were,  an  half  acre  of  land,  which  a 
yoke  of  oxen  might  plough.  And 
there  was  trembling  in  the  host,  in 
the  field,  and  among  all  the  people, 
the  garrison  and  the  spoilers,  they 
also  trembled  and  the  earth  quaked  : 
so  it  was  as  a  wonder  from  God. 

Second  Responsory. 
God  Which  heareth,  &c.,  (p.  222.) 

Third  Lesson. 

AND  the  watchmen  of  Saul  in 
"•  Gibeah  of  Benjamin  looked, 
and,  behold,  the  multitude  was 
beaten  and  melted  away.  Then  said 
Saul  unto  the  people  that  were  with 
him  :  Number  now,  and  see  who  is 
gone  from  us.  And  when  they  had 
numbered,  behold,  Jonathan  and  his 
armour-bearer  were  not  there.  And 
Saul  said  unto  Ahiah  :  Bring  hither 
the  Ark  of  God.  (For  the  Ark  of 
God  was  at  that  time  with  the  chil 
dren  of  Israel.)  And  it  came  to  pass 
while  Saul  talked  unto  the  Priest,  that 
the  noise  that  was  in  the  host  of 
the  Philistines  went  on  and  increased. 
And  Saul  said  unto  the  Priest :  With 
draw  thine  hand.  And  Saul  and  all 
the  people  that  were  with  him  as 
sembled  themselves,  and  they  came  to 
the  battle,  and,  behold,  every  man's 
sword  was  against  his  fellow,  and 
there  was  a  very  great  slaughter. 

Third  Responsory. 

The     LORD     That    delivered,    &c., 
(p.    222.) 


THIRD   WEEK   AFTER   PENTECOST. 


273 


Sixth  Day. 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The    Lesson   is   taken   from   the    First 
Book  of  Kings   (xv.    I.) 

C AMUEL  also  said  unto  Saul :  The 
LORD  sent  me  to  anoint  thee  to 
be  king  over  His  people  Israel ;  now 
therefore,  hearken  thou  unto  the  voice 
of  the  LORD.  Thus  saith  the  LORD 
of  hosts  :  I  remember  that  which 
Amalek  did  to  Israel  ;  how  he  laid 
wait  for  him  in  the  way,  when  he 
came  up  from  Egypt.  Now  there 
fore,  go  and  smite  Amalek,  and  utterly 
destroy  all  that  they  have  ;  spare 
them  not,  and  set  not  thine  eyes 
upon  any  of  their  goods  to  desire 
them,  but  slay  both  man  and  woman, 
infant  and  suckling,  ox  and  sheep, 
camel  and  ass. 

First  Responsory. 
Saul  hath  slain,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 


alive  :    and   utterly   destroyed   all   the 
people  with  the  edge  of  the  sword. 

Second  Responsory. 

Ye   mountains    of  Gilboa,    &c.,    (p. 
223.) 

Third  Lesson. 

T)UT  Saul  and  the  people  spared 
Agag,  and  the  best  of  the  sheep 
and  of  the  oxen,  and  of  the  garments, 
and  of  the  rams,  and  all  that  was 
good,  and  would  not  utterly  destroy 
them  ;  but  everything  that  was  vile 
and  refuse,  that  they  destroyed  utterly. 
Then  came  the  word  of  the  LORD 
unto  Samuel,  saying  :  It  repenteth 
Me  that  I  have  set  up  Saul  to  be 
King,  for  he  is  turned  back  from 
following"  Me,  and  hath  not  per 
formed  My  commandments.  And  it 
grieved  Samuel,  and  he  cried  unto 
the  LORD  all  night. 

Third  Responsory. 

Thus  saith  the  LORD  :    I   took  thee, 
&c,  (p.  223.) 


Second  Lesson. 

A  ND  Saul  gathered  the  people  to- 
^^  gether  and  numbered  them  like 
sheep,  two  hundred  thousand  foot,  and 
ten  thousand  men  of  Judah.  And 
Saul  came  to  a  city  of  Amalek,  and 
laid  wait  in  the  valley.  And  Saul 
said  unto  the  Kenites  :  Go,  depart, 
get  you  down  from  among  the  Ama- 
lekites,  lest  I  destroy  you  with  them. 
For  ye  showed  kindness  to  all  the 
children  of  Israel,  when  they  came 
up  out  of  Egypt.  So  the  Kenites 
departed  from  among  the  Amalekites. 
And  Saul  smote  the  Amalekites  from 
Havila  until  thou  comest  unto  Shur, 
that  is  over  against  Egypt.  And  he 
took  Agag  the  king  of  the  Amalekites 


The  Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 

First  Less  oil. 

The   Lesson   is   taken   from   the   First 
Book  of  Kings  (xvi.    I.) 

AND  the  Lord  said  unto  Samuel  : 
•^^  How  long  wilt  thou  mourn  for 
Saul,  seeing  that  I  have  rejected  him 
from  reigning  over  Israel  ?  Fill  thine 
horn  with  oil  and  go,  I  will  send  thee 
to  Jesse  the  Bethlehemite  ;  for  I  have 
provided  Me  a  king  among  his  sons. 
And  Samuel  said  :  How  can  I  go  ? 
For  Saul  will  hear  it,  and  kill  me. 


276 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


an  helmet  of  brass  upon  his  head, 
and  he  was  clothed  with  a  coat  of 
mail  covered  with  scales  of  metal. 
And  the  weight  of  the  coat  was  five 
thousand  shekels  of  brass.  And  he 
had  greaves  of  brass  upon  his  legs, 
and  a  target  of  brass  between  his 
shoulders.  And  the  staff  of  his  spear 
was  like  a  weaver's  beam.  And  his 
spear's  head  weighed  six  hundred 
shekels  of  iron,  and  his  armour- 
bearer  went  before  him. 


First  Responsory. 
Prepare  your  hearts,  &c.,  (p.  221.) 

Second  Lesson. 

AND  he  stood  and  cried  unto  the 
armies  of  Israel,  and  said  unto 
them  :  Why  are  ye  come  out  to  set 
your  battle  in  array  ?  Am  not  I  a 
Philistine,  and  ye  servants  of  Saul  ? 
Choose  you  a  man  for  you,  and  let 
him  come  down  to  me  to  single  com 
bat.  If  he  be  able  to  fight  with  me, 
and  to  kill  me,  then  will  we  be  your 
servants  :  but  if  I  prevail  against  him 
and  kill  him,  then  shall  ye  be  our 
servants  and  serve  us.  And  the  Phil 
istine  said  :  I  defy  the  armies  of  Is 
rael  this  day  :  give  me  a  man  that  we 
may  fight  together.  When  Saul  and 
all  Israel  heard  those  words  of  the 
Philistine,  they  were  dismayed  and 
greatly  afraid. 

Second  Responsory. 
God  Which  heareth,  &c.,  (p.  222.) 

Third  Lesson. 

"M"  OW  David  was  the  son  of  that 
•^  aforesaid  Ephrathite  of  Bethle 
hem -Judah,  whose  name  was  Jesse, 
who  had  eight  sons,  and  was  an  old 
man  in  the  days  of  Saul,  and  an  elder 


among  men.  And  his  three  eldest 
sons  went  and  followed  Saul  to  the 
battle  ;  and  the  names  of  his  three 
sons  that  went  to  the  battle  were 
Eliab  the  first-born,  and  next  unto 
him  Abinadab,  and  the  third  Shamma. 
And  David  was  the  youngest.  And 
the  three  eldest  followed  Saul,  but 
David  went  and  returned  from  Saul, 
to  feed  his  father's  sheep  at  Beth 
lehem.  And  the  Philistine  drew  near 
morning  and  evening,  and  presented 
himself  forty  days. 

Third  Responsory. 
The  LORD  That  delivered  me,  &c., 

(P.    222.) 


SECOND    NOCTURN. 

Fourth  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Sermons 
of  St  Austin,  Bishop  [of  Hippo.] 
( 1 9  7tk  for  the  Season. ) 

""THE  children  of  Israel  faced  their 
enemies  for  forty  days.  These 
forty  days,  by  reason  of  the  four  Sea 
sons  of  the  year,  and  of  the  four  Conti 
nents  of  the  globe,  are  a  figure  of  this 
present  life,  during  which  the  Christian 
world  ceaseth  not  to  be  arrayed  in 
battle  against  the  devil  and  his  angels, 
as  it  were  against  Goliath  and  the 
army  of  the  Philistines.  Neither  can 
they  hope  to  overcome  him,  were  it 
not  for  the  true  David,  that  is,  Christ, 
with  His  staff,  that  is,  with  the  Mys 
tery  of  His  Cross.  For  before  Christ 
came,  my  dearly  beloved  brethren,  the 
devil  was  at  large.  But  when  Christ 
came,  He  did  to  him  what  is  written 
in  the  Gospel,  where  it  is  said  :  "How- 
can  one  enter  into  a  strong  man's 
house,  and  spoil  his  goods,  except  he 
first  bind  the  strong  man  ? "  Christ 
therefore  came,  and  bound  the  devil. 


FOURTH   WEEK   AFTER   PENTECOST. 


277 


Fourth  Responsory, 
Saul  hath  slain,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 


Fifth  Lesson. 

"D  UT  some  man  will  say  :  If  he  is 
bound,  why  is  he  still  so  power 
ful  ?  It  is  quite  true,  my  dearly  be 
loved  brethren,  that  he  is  very 
powerful ;  but  his  lordship  is  over  the 
lukewarm  and  the  careless,  and  such  as 
fear  not  God  in  truth.  He  is  chained 
up  like  a  dog,  and  can  only  bite  those 
who  are  such  suicidal  fools  as  to  go 
within  the  length  of  his  tether.  Look 
you,  my  brethren,  what  a  dolt  a  man 
must  be  who  getteth  himself  bitten  by 
a  dog  that  is  chained  up.  Let  not 
the  desires  and  lusts  of  the  world 
draw  thee  within  reach  of  him,  and 
he  will  not  be  able  to  get  at  thee. 
He  can  bark,  he  can  whine  ;  but  he 
can  only  bite  those  who  are  willing 
to  be  bitten.  He  assaileth  us,  not  by 
violence,  but  by  persuasion ;  he  asketh, 
not  seizeth,  our  consent. 

Fifth  Responsory. 

Ye    mountains   of  Gilboa,    &c.,   (p. 

223.) 

Sixth  Lesson. 

"T^AVID,  then,  came,  and  found  the 
Jewish  people  set  in  battle  array 
against  the  devil ;  and  since  there  was 
no  one  who  dared  to  go  to  single 
combat,  he,  who  was  a  type  of  Christ, 
sallied  out  to  the  battle,  took  his  staff 
in  his  hand,  and  went  forth  against 
Goliath.  In  him  was  a  shadow  of  a 
substance  which  is  in  Christ.  Christ, 
the  true  David,  when  He  went  forth 
to  fight  against  the  spiritual  Goliath, 
that  is  to  say,  against  the  devil,  went 
forth  bearing  His  Cross.  Ye  see,  my 
brethren,  in  what  part  it  was  that 
David  smote  Goliath ;  it  was  upon 
that  forehead  whereon  the  Cross  had 

VOL.   III. 


never  been  traced.  And  as  the  staff 
of  David  was  a  figure  of  the  Cross  of 
Christ,  so  was  the  stone  wherewith 
the  giant  was  smitten  a  figure  of  the 
Lord  Himself. 

Sixth  Responsory. 
Thus  saith  the  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 

THIRD    NOCTURN. 

Seventh  Responsory. 
My  sins  are  many,  &c.,  (p.  224.) 

Eighth  Responsory. 
One  seraph  cried,  &c.,  (p.  218.) 


Second  Day. 
MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The   Lesson  is  taken   from    the   First 
Book  of  Kings  (xvii.  25.) 

A  ND  the  men  of  Israel  said  :  Have 
ye  seen  this  man  that  is  come 
up  ?  Surely  to  defy  Israel  is  he  come 
up.  And  it  shall  be  that  the  man 
who  killeth  him  the  king  will  enrich 
him  with  great  riches,  and  will  give 
him  his  daughter,  and  make  his 
father's  house  free  in  Israel.  And 
David  spake  to  the  men  that  stood 
by  him,  saying  :  What  shall  be  done 
to  the  man  that  killeth  this  Philistine, 
and  taketh  away  the  reproach  from 
Israel  ?  For  who  is  this  uncircum- 
cised  Philistine,  that  he  should  defy 
the  armies  of  the  living  God  ? 

First  Responsory. 
Remember,  &c.,  (p.  268.) 


278 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


Second  Lesson.     (31.) 

AND  when  the  words  were  heard 
^~^  which  David  spake,  they  re 
hearsed  them  before  Saul.  [And  he 
sent  for  him.]  And,  when  he  was 
brought  before  him,  David  said  to 
Saul  :  Let  no  man's  heart  fail  because 
of  him  :  thy  servant  will  go,  and  fight 
with  this  Philistine.  And  Saul  said 
to  David  :  Thou  art  not  able  to  go 
against  the  Philistine,  to  fight  with 
him  ;  for  thou  art  but  a  youth,  and  he 
a  man  of  war  from  his  youth. 

Second  Responsory. 

O  Lord,  Thou  hast  hearkened,  &c., 
(p.  224.) 

Third  Lesson. 

A  ND  David  said  unto  Saul:  Thy 
**"  servant  kept  his  father's  sheep, 
and  there  came  a  lion  and  a  bear,  and 
took  a  lamb  out  of  the  flock  ;  and  I 
went  out  after  him  and  smote  him, 
and  delivered  it  out  of  his  mouth  : 
and  when  he  arose  against  me,  I 
caught  him  by  his  beard,  and  choked 
him,  and  slew  him.  Thy  servant  slew 
both  the  lion  and  the  bear  ;  and  this 
uncircumcised  Philistine  shall  be  as 
one  of  them. 

Third  Responsory. 
Hearken,  O  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  225.) 


Third  Day. 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The   Lesson    is    taken   from   the   First 
Book  of  Kings  (xvii.  38.) 

AND  Saul  armed  David  with  his 
^^  armour,  and  he  put  an  helmet 
of  brass  upon  his  head  ;  also  he  armed 
him  with  a  coat  of  mail.  And  David 


girded  his  sword  upon  his  armour,  and 
he  essayed  to  go,  for  he  had  not 
proved  it.  And  David  said  unto 
Saul :  I  cannot  go  with  these,  for  I 
have  not  proved  them.  And  David 
put  them  off  him,  and  he  took  his 
staff  in  his  hand,  and  chose  him  five 
smooth  stones  out  of  the  brook,  and 
put  them  in  a  shepherd's  bag  which 
he  had,  and  his  sling  was  in  his  hand, 
and  he  drew  near  to  the  Philistine. 

First  Responsory. 

Lord,    when   Thy   people,    &c.,    (p. 
269.) 

Second  Lesson. 

AND  the  Philistine  came  on  and 
^^  drew  near  unto  David,  and  his 
armour-bearer  went  before  him.  And 
when  the  Philistine  looked  about,  and 
saw  David,  he  disdained  him.  For 
he  was  but  a  youth,  ruddy,  and  of  a 
fair  countenance.  And  the  Philistine 
said  unto  David :  Am  I  a  dog,  that 
thou  comest  to  me  with  staves  ?  And 
the  Philistine  cursed  David  by  his 
gods.  And  the  Philistine  said  to 
David  :  Come  to  me,  and  I  will  give 
thy  flesh  unto  the  fowls  of  the  air, 
and  to  the  beasts  of  the  field.  Then 
said  David  to  the  Philistine  :  Thou 
comest  to  me  with  a  sword,  and  with 
a  spear,  and  with  a  shield :  but  I 
come  to  thee  in  the  name  of  the 
LORD  of  hosts,  the  God  of  the  armies 
of  Israel,  whom  thou  hast  defied  this 
day.  And  the  LORD  will  deliver  thee 
into  mine  hand,  and  I  will  smite  thee, 
and  take  thine  head  from  thee  :  and  I 
will  give  the  carcases  of  the  host  of 
the  Philistines  this  day  unto  the  fowls 
of  the  air,  and  to  the  wild  beasts  of 
the  earth,  that  all  the  earth  may  know 
that  there  is  a  God  in  Israel. 

Second  Responsory. 
And  it  came  to  pass,  &c.,  (p.  270.) 


FOURTH    WEEK   AFTER   PENTECOST. 


279 


Third  Lesson. 

A  ND  when  the  Philistine  arose,  and 
came,  and  drew  nigh  to  meet 
David,  David  hasted,  and  ran  toward 
the  army,  to  meet  the  Philistine.  And 
David  put  his  hand  in  his  bag,  and 
took  thence  a  stone,  and  slang  it,  and 
smote  the  Philistine  in  his  forehead, 
that  the  stone  sunk  into  his  forehead, 
and  he  fell  upon  his  face  to  the  earth. 
So  David  prevailed  over  the  Philistine 
with  a  sling  and  with  a  stone,  and 
smote  the  Philistine,  and  slew  him. 
But  there  was  no  sword  in  the  hand 
of  David ;  therefore  David  ran  and 
stood  upon  the  Philistine,  and  took 
his  sword,  and  drew  it  out  of  the 
sheath  thereof:  and  slew  him,  and 
cut  off  his  head  therewith. 


Third  Responsory. 
Thus  saith  the  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 


Fourth  Day. 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson   is    taken  from    the   First 
Book  of  Kings  (xviii.  6.) 

AS  David  returned  from  the 
slaughter  of  the  Philistine,  the 
women  came  out  of  all  the  cities  of 
Israel,  singing  and  dancing,  to  meet 
King  Saul,  with  tabrets  of  joy  and 
with  instruments  of  music.  And  the 
women  answered  one  another  as  they 
played,  and  said  :  Saul  hath  slain  his 
thousands,  and  David  his  ten  thou 
sands.  And  Saul  was  very  wroth, 
and  the  saying  displeased  him,  and 
he  said:  They  have  ascribed  unto 


David  ten  thousands,  and  to  me  they 
have  ascribed  the  thousands  !  And 
what  can  he  have  more,  but  the 
kingdom  ? 

First  Responsory. 
My  sins  are  many,  &c.,  (p.  224.) 

Second  Lesson. 

/\  ND  Saul  eyed  David  from  that 
day  and  forward.  And  it  came 
to  pass  on  the  morrow  that  the  evil 
spirit  from  God  came  upon  Saul,  and 
he  prophesied  in  the  midst  of  his 
house :  and  David  played  with  his 
hand,  as  he  did  daily.1  And  there 
was  a  javelin  in  Saul's  hand  ;  and  he 
cast  it ;  for  he  thought  to  smite  David 
even  to  the  wall  with  it ;  and  David 
avoided  out  of  his  presence  the  [first 
of  the]  two  times.  And  Saul  was 
afraid  of  David,  because  the  LORD 
was  with  him,  and  was  departed  from 
Saul.  Therefore  Saul  removed  him 
from  him,  and  made  him  his  captain 
over  a  thousand  :  and  he  went  out  and 
came  in  before  the  people. 

Second  Responsory. 

O  Lord,  Thou  hast  hearkened,  &c., 

(p.  224.) 

Third  Lesson. 

A  ND  David  behaved  himself  wisely 
in  all  his  ways,  and  the  LORD 
was  with  him.  Wherefore  when  Saul 
saw  that  he  behaved  himself  very 
wisely,  he  was  afraid  of  him.  But  all 
Israel  and  Judah  loved  David  ;  be 
cause  he  went  out  and  came  in  before 
them.  And  Saul  said  to  David  :  Be 
hold  my  elder  daughter  Merab,  her 
will  I  give  thee  to  wife  ;  only  be  thou 


1  He  was  regularly  employed  to  play  the  harp  when  Saul's  mania  came  upon  him,  in  order  to 
lull  the  paroxysms,     (xvi.  14-23.) 


280 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


valiant,  and  fight  the  LORD'S  battles. 
For  Saul  said  in  his  heart  :  Let  not 
mine  hand  be  upon  him,  but  let  the 
hand  of  the  Philistines  be  upon  him. 

Third  Responsory. 
Hearken,  O  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  225.) 


put  his  life  in  his  hand,  and  slew  the 
Philistine,  and  the  LORD  wrought  a 
great  salvation  for  all  Israel  :  thou 
sawest  it,  and  didst  rejoice.  Where 
fore,  then,  wilt  thou  sin  against  inno 
cent  blood,  to  slay  David  without  a 
cause  ?  And  Saul  hearkened  unto  the 
voice  of  Jonathan,  and  sware  :  As  the 
LORD  liveth,  he  shall  not  be  slain. 


Fifth  Day. 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The   Lesson    is    taken   from  the   First 
Book  of  Kings  (xix.  i.) 

AND  Saul  spake  to  Jonathan  his 
^^  son,  and  to  all  his  servants,  that 
they  should  kill  David.  But  Jonathan, 
Saul's  son,  delighted  much  in  David. 
And  Jonathan  told  David,  saying  : 
Saul  my  father  seeketh  to  kill  thee  : 
now,  therefore,  I  pray  thee,  take  heed 
to  thyself,  until  the  morning,  and 
abide  in  a  secret  place,  and  hide  thy 
self.  And  I  will  go  out,  and  stand 
beside  my  father,  in  the  field  where 
thou  art,  and  I  will  commune  with  my 
father  of  thee  ;  and  what  I  see,  that 
I  will  tell  thee. 

First  Responsory. 
Prepare  your  hearts,  &c.,  (p.  221.) 

Second  Lesson. 

A  ND  Jonathan  spake  good  of  David 
^^  unto  Saul  his  father,  and  said 
unto  him  :  Let  not  the  King  sin 
against  his  servant,  against  David  ; 


Second  Responsory. 
God   Which    heareth    all,    &c.,    (p. 

222.) 

Third  Lesson. 

AND  there  was  war  again,  and 
"^^  David  went  out  and  fought  with 
the  Philistines,  and  slew  them  with  a 
great  slaughter,  and  they  fled  from 
him.  And  the  evil  spirit  from  the 
LORD  was  upon  Saul.  And  he  sat 
in  his  house,  with  his  javelin  in  his 
hand  ;  and  David  played  with  his 
hand.  And  Saul  sought  to  smite 
David  even  to  the  wall  with  the  jave 
lin,  but  David  slipped  away  out  of 
Saul's  presence  :  and  he  smote  the 
javelin  into  the  wall,  and  David  fled 
and  escaped  that  night. 

Third  Responsory. 
The  LORD  That  delivered  me,  &c., 

(p.   222.) 


Sixth  Day. 
MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The   Lesson    is   taken   from    the   First 
Book  of  Kings  (xx.  I.) 


because   he   hath   not   sinned    against        A  ND    David  fled  from   Najoth1   in 


thee,  and  because  his  works  have  been 
to  thee-ward  very  good.      For  he  did 


Ramah,  and  came,  and  said  be 
fore   Jonathan :    What   have    I    done  ? 


1  A  place  where  Samuel  held  a  school  of  prophets,  near  Ramah,  in  the  direction  of  Bethel,  in 
the  tribe  of  Benjamin,  some  six  miles  from  Jerusalem.     (So  Dom  Calmet.) 


FOURTH   WEEK  AFTER   PENTECOST. 


28l 


What  is  mine  iniquity,  and  what  is 
my  sin  before  thy  father,  that  he  seek- 
eth  my  life  ?  And  he  said  unto  him  : 
God  forbid,  thou  shalt  not  die  ;  for  my 
father  will  do  nothing  either  great  or 
small  but  he  will  first  show  it  me  ;  and 
why  should  my  father  hide  this  thing 
alone  from  me  ?  It  shall  not  be  so. 


First  Responsory. 
Saul  hath  slain,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 

Second  Lesson. 

A  ND  he  sware  moreover  unto  Da- 
^  vid.  And  David  said:  Thy 
father  certainly  knoweth  that  I  have 
found  grace  in  thine  eyes,  and  he  will 
say  :  Let  not  Jonathan  know  this,  lest 
haply  he  be  grieved.  But  truly,  as 
the  LORD  liveth,  and  as  thy  soul 
liveth,  there  is  but,  as  it  were,  a  step 
between  me  and  death.  Then  said 
Jonathan  unto  David  :  Whatsoever  thy 
soul  desireth,  I  will  even  do  it  for  thee. 

Second  Responsory. 
Ye  mountains,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 

Third  Lesson. 

A  ND  David  said  unto  Jonathan: 
Behold,  to-morrow  is  the  New 
Moon,  and  I  should  not  fail  to  sit 
with  the  King  at  meat ;  therefore  let 
me  go,  that  I  may  hide  myself  in  the 
field  unto  the  third  day  at  even.  If 
thy  father  at  all  miss  me,  then  say : 
David  earnestly  asked  leave  of  me, 
that  he  might  run  to  Bethlehem  his 
city,  for  there  is  a  yearly  sacrifice 
there  for  all  the  family.  If  he  say 
thus  :  It  is  well : — thy  servant  shall 
have  peace.  But  if  he  be  very 
wroth,  then  be  sure  that  evil  is  deter 
mined  by  him. 


Third  Responsory. 
Thus  saith  the  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  223. 


The  Sabbath. 
MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson    is    taken   from    the   First 
Book  of  Kings  (xxi.  i.) 

'""THEN  came  David  to  Nob  to  Ahi- 
melech  the  Priest  ;  and  Ahi- 
melech  was  afraid  at  the  meeting  of 
David,  and  said  unto  him  :  Why  art 
thou  alone  and  no  man  with  thee  ? 
And  David  said  unto  Ahimelech  the 
Priest  :  The  King  hath  commanded 
me  a  business,  and  hath  said  unto 
me  :  Let  no  man  know  anything  of 
the  business  whereabout  I  send  thee, 
and  what  I  have  commanded  thee  : 
and  I  have  appointed  my  servants  to 
such  and  such  a  place.  Now,  there 
fore,  if  thou  hast  anything  under  thine 
hand,  give  it  me,  even  five  loaves  of 
bread,  or  what  there  is  present. 

First  Responsory. 
My  sins  are  many,  &c.,  (p.  224.) 

Second  Lesson. 

A  ND  the  Priest  answered  David, 
and  said  :  There  is  no  common 
bread  under  mine  hand,  but  there  is 
hallowed  bread  ;  if  the  young  men 
have  kept  themselves  at  least  from 
women  ?  And  David  answered  the 
Priest,  and  said  unto  him  :  Of  a  truth, 
women  have  been  kept  from  us  about 
these  three  days,  since  we  came  out, 
and  the  vessels  of  the  young  men  are 
holy.  And  the  bread  is  in  a  manner 
common,  yea,  though  it  were  sancti 
fied  this  day  in  the  vessel.  So  the 


282 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


Priest  gave  him  hallowed  bread.  For 
there  was  no  bread  there  but  the 
Shew-bread,  that  was  taken  from  be 
fore  the  LORD,  to  put  hot  bread. 

Second  Responsory. 

O  Lord,  Thou  hast  hearkened,  &c., 
(P.  224.) 

Third  Lesson. 

"NT  OW  a  certain  man  of  the  servants 
of  Saul  was  there  that  day,  in 
the  tabernacle  of  the  LORD,  and  his 
name  was  Doeg,  an  Edomite,  the 
chiefest  of  the  herdmen  that  belonged 
to  Saul.1  And  David  said  unto  Ahi- 
melech  :  Is  there  not  here  under  thine 
hand  spear  or  sword  ?  For  1  have 
neither  brought  my  sword  nor  my 
weapons  with  me,  because  the  king's 
business  required  haste.  And  the 
Priest  said  :  The  sword  of  Goliath  the 
Philistine,  whom  thou  slewest  in  the 
valley  of  the  oak,  behold,  it  is  here, 
wrapped  in  a  cloth,  behind  the  Ephod ; 
if  thou  wilt  take  that,  take  it.  For 
there  is  none  other  save  that  here. 
And  David  said  :  There  is  none  like 
that,  give  it  me.2 

Third  Responsory. 
Hearken,  O  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  225.) 

VESPERS. 

Antiphon  at  the  Song  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin.  3  Ye  mountains  of  Gilboa,  * 
let  there  be  no  dew,  neither  let  there 
be  rain  upon  you  ;  for  there  the  shield 
of  the  mighty  is  vilely  cast  away,  the 
shield  of  Saul,  as  though  he  had  not 
been  anointed  with  oil.  How  are  the 


mighty  fallen  in  the  midst  of  the 
battle  !  Jonathan  is  slain  upon  the 
high  places  :  Saul  and  Jonathan  were 
lovely  and  pleasant  in  their  lives, 
and  in  their  death  they  were  not 
divided. 

The  Prayer  is  taken  from  the  Lauds 
of  the  succeeding  Sunday. 


Jiftfj  Suntiag  after 


The  Fifth  Lord's  Day  after  Pentecost. 

MATTINS. 
FIRST    NOCTURN. 

First  Lesson. 

Here  beginneth   the   Second   Book   of 
Kings  (i.  i.) 

1^"  OW  it  came  to  pass  after  the 
death  of  Saul,  when  David  was 
returned  from  the  slaughter  of  the 
Amalekites,  and  David  had  abode  two 
days  in  Ziklag  ;  it  came  even  to  pass 
on  the  third  day,  that,  behold,  a  man 
came  out  of  the  camp  of  Saul,  with 
his  clothes  rent,  and  earth  upon  his 
head.  And  when  he  came  to  David, 
he  fell  upon  his  face,  and  did  obeis-. 
ance.  And  David  said  unto  him  : 
From  whence  comest  thou  ?  And  he 
said  unto  him  :  Out  of  the  camp  of 
Israel  am  I  escaped.  And  David 
said  unto  him  :  How  went  the  matter  ? 
Tell  me.  And  he  answered  :  The 
people  are  fled  from  the  battle,  and 
many  of  the  people  also  are  fallen 
and  dead  :  and  Saul,  and  Jonathan 
his  son,  are  dead  also. 


1  He  went  and  gave  Saul  an  account  of  the  whole  affair,  which  cost  the  lives  of  eighty  of  the 
clergy  and  their  families.  David  on  this  occasion  composed  Psalm  LI.,  "Why  boastest  thou 
thyself,  thou  tyrant,  £c.,"  (p.  101.) 

'2  Before  passing  to  the  Second  Book  of  Kings,  the  reader,  if  he  take  any  interest  in  the 
Sacred  History,  is  strongly  advised  to  read  the  tragic  account  of  the  last  hours  and  death 
of  Saul,  as  found  in  chapters  xxviii.  and  xxxi.  •"  2  Kings  (Sam.)  i.  21,  23. 


FIFTH   WEEK   AFTER   PENTECOST. 


283 


First  Responsory. 
Prepare  your  hearts,  &c.,  (p.  221.) 

Second  Lesson. 

A  ND  David  said  unto  the  young- 
man  that  told  him  :  How  know- 
est  thou  that  Saul  and  Jonathan  his 
son  be  dead  ?  And  the  young  man 
that  told  him  said  :  As  I  happened  by 
chance  upon  Mount  Gilboa,  behold, 
Saul  leaned  upon  his  spear  :  and,  lo, 
the  chariots  and  horsemen  followed 
hard  after  him  ;  and  when  he  looked 
behind  him,  he  saw  me,  and  he  called 
unto  me.  And  I  answered  :  Here  am 
I.  And  he  said  unto  me  :  Who  art 
thou  ?  And  I  answered  him  :  I  am  an 
Amalekite.  He  said  unto  me  again  : 
Stand  upon  me,  and  slay  me,  for 
anguish  is  come  upon  me,  because 
my  life  is  yet  whole  in  me.  So  I 
stood  upon  him  and  slew  him  :  be 
cause  I  was  sure  that  he  could  not 
live  after  he  was  fallen  ;  and  I  took 
the  crown  that  was  upon  his  head, 
and  the  bracelet  that  was  on  his  arm, 
and  have  brought  them  hither  unto 
my  lord. 

Second  Responsory. 
God,   Which   heareth   all,    &c.,    (p. 

222.) 

Third  Lesson. 

HTHEN  David  took  hold  of  his 
clothes  and  rent  them,  and  like 
wise  all  the  men  that  were  with  him. 
And  they  mourned,  and  wept,  and 
fasted  until  even,  for  Saul,  and  for 
Jonathan  his  son,  and  for  the  people 
of  the  LORD,  and  for  the  house  of 
Israel,  because  they  were  fallen  by  the 
sword.  '  And  David  said  unto  the 


young  man  that  told  him :  Whence 
art  thou  ?  And  he  answered  :  I  am 
the  son  of  a  stranger,  an  Amalekite. 
And  David  said  unto  him  :  How  wast 
thou  not  afraid  to  stretch  forth  thine 
hand  to  destroy  the  LORD'S  Anointed  ? 
And  David  called  one  of  his  young 
men,  and  said :  Go  near,  and  fall 
upon  him.  And  he  smote  him  that 
he  died.1 


Third  Responsory. 
The  LORD  That  delivered,  &c.,  (p. 

222.) 

SECOND    NOCTURN. 

Fourth  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Book 
of  Moral  [Reflections  upon  Job], 
written  by  Pope  St  Gregory  [the 
Great.]  (Bk.  iv.  ch.  3,  4.) 

Y  was  it  that  David,  who  re 
warded  no  evil  to  them  that 
did  evil  to  him  (Ps.  vii.  5),  when  Saul 
and  Jonathan  had  fallen  in  battle, 
cursed  the  mountains  of  Gilboa,  say 
ing  :  "  Ye  mountains  of  Gilboa,  let 
there  be  no  dew,  neither  let  there  be 
rain  upon  you,  nor  fields  of  offerings  ; 
for  there  the  shield  of  the  mighty  is 
vilely  cast  away,  the  shield  of  Saul, 
as  though  he  had  not  been  anointed 
with  oil  "  ?  Why  was  it  that  Jere 
miah,  when  he  saw  that  his  preaching 
was  thrown  away  upon  his  hearers, 
cursed  and  said  :  "  Cursed  be  the 
man  who  brought  tidings  to  my 
father,  saying,  —  A  man-child  is  born 
unto  thee  "  ?  (xx.  15.) 


Fourth  Responsory. 
Saul  hath  slain,  £c.,  (p.  223. 


1  It  was  upon  this  occasion  that  David  composed  the  fine  poem  beginning,  "The  beauty  of 
Israel  is  slain,"  so  often  quoted  in  the  Office,  and  which  is  to  be  found  at  length  in  2  Kings 
(Sam.)  i.  19-27. 


284 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


Fifth  Lesson. 

\\  7HAT  had  the  mountains  of  Gil- 
boa  to  do  with  the  death  of 
Saul,  that  they  should  be  condemned 
to  have  dew  fall  on  them  no  more, 
neither  rain,  but  should  wither  away, 
barren  of  the  green  glory  of  the  spring 
time  ?  But  this  word  "  Gilboa  "  sig- 
nifieth  "bubbling  fountain,"1  and  the 
death  of  Saul  the  Anointed  of  God 
is  a  type  of  the  death  of  our  Anointed 
Mediator.  Thus  we  find  in  the  moun 
tains  of  Gilboa  no  unfit  image  of  the 
proud  hearts  of  the  Jews,  which  had 
their  spring  in  earthly  desires,  and 
took  part  in  the  death  of  the  Anointed 
Saviour.  And  since  among  them  their 
Anointed  Monarch  met  His  death,  the 
dew  of  grace  is  upon  them  no  more. 


Fifth  Responsory. 
Ye  mountains,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 


Sixth  Lesson. 

AND  well  is  it  said  of  them  :  "  Let 
there  be  upon  you  no  fields  of 
offerings."  The  proud  minds  of  the 
Hebrews  bear  yet  no  offering.  Since 
the  coming  of  their  Redeemer,  the 
most  part  of  them  remain  still  without 
belief  in  Him,  and  refuse  to  follow 
the  promise  of  their  ancient  faith. 
The  Holy  Church  hath  borne  for  her 
first-born,  holy  unto  the  Lord,  a  mul 
titude  of  the  Gentiles,  and  will,  but  in 
the  end  of  the  world,  embrace  such 
Jews  as  she  then  shall  find,  and  pre 
sent  them  as  the  last  gatherings  of 
her  harvest. 


Sixth  Responsory. 
Thus  saith  the  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 


THIRD    NOCTURN. 

Seventh  Responsory. 
My  sins  are  many,  &c.,  (p.  224.) 

Eighth  Responsory. 
One  seraph  cried,  &c.,  (p.  218.) 


Second  Day. 
MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Second 
Book  of  Kings  (ii.   I.) 

A  ND  it  came  to  pass  after  this,  that 
David  inquired  of  the  LORD, 
saying  :  Shall  I  go  up  into  any  of 
the  cities  of  Judah  ?  And  the  LORD 
said  unto  him  :  Go  up.  And  David 
said  :  Whither  shall  I  go  up  ?  And 
He  said  :  Unto  Hebron.  So  David 
went  up  thither,  and  his  two  wives 
also,  Ahinoam,  the  Jezreelitess,  and 
Abigail,  Nabal's  wife,  the  Carmelite. 
And  his  men  that  were  with  him  did 
David  bring  up,  every  man  with  his 
household  ;  and  they  dwelt  in  the 
cities  of  Hebron.  And  the  men  of 
Judah  came,  and  there  they  anointed 
David  king  over  the  house  of  Judah. 

First  Responsory. 
Remember,  O  Lord,  &c.,  (p.  268.) 

Second  Lesson. 

A  ND  they  told  David  that  the  men 
^  of  Jabesh-Gilead  had  buried^ 
Saul.  And  David  sent  messengers 
to  the  men  of  Jabesh-Gilead,  saying  : 


1  Taken  by  the  derivation  this  is  perhaps  a  shade  more  correct  than  the  Latin  "decursus,"  or 
down-flow. 

-  They  burnt  the  body,  which  had  been  mutilated  and  gibbeted  by  the  Philistines. 


FIFTH    WEEK   AFTER    PENTECOST. 


285 


Blessed  be  ye  of  the  LORD,  that  ye 
have  showed  this  kindness  unto  your 
lord,  even  unto  Saul,  and  have  buried 
him.  And  now,  the  LORD  show  kind 
ness  and  truth  unto  you  !  And  I  also 
will  requite  you  this  kindness,  because 
ye  have  done  this  thing.  Therefore 
now  let  your  hands  be  strengthened, 
and  be  ye  valiant.  For  although 
your  master  Saul  is  dead,  yet  the 
house  of  Judah  have  anointed  me 
king  over  them. 

Second  Responsory. 

O  Lord,  Thou  hast  hearkened,  &c., 
(P-  224.) 


Third  Lesson. 


B 


T  Abner,  the  son  of  Ner,  Cap 
tain  of  Saul's  host,  took  Ish- 
bosheth,  the  son  of  Saul,  and  brought 
him  over  to  the  army,  and  made  him 
king  over  Gilead,  and  over  the 
Ashurites,  and  over  Jezreel,  and  over 
Ephraim,  and  over  Benjamin,  and 
over  all  Israel.  Ish-bosheth,  Saul's 
son,  was  forty  years  old  when  he 
began  to  reign  over  Israel,  and  he 
reigned  two  years.  But  the  house  of 
Judah  alone  followed  David.  And  the 
time  that  David  was  King  in  Hebron, 
over  the  house  of  Judah,  was  seven 
years  and  six  months. 

Third  Responsory. 
Hearken,  O  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  225.) 


Third  Day. 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is   taken  from  the  Second 
Book  of  Kings  (iii.  6.) 


AND  it  came  to  pass,  while  there 
'**•  was  war  between  the  house  of 
Saul  and  the  house  of  David,  that 
Abner,  the  son  of  Ner,  ruled  the 
house  of  Saul.  And  Saul  had  a 
concubine  whose  name  was  Rizpah, 
the  daughter  of  Aiah.  And  Ish- 
bosheth  said  to  Abner :  Wherefore 
hast  thou  gone  in  unto  my  father's 
concubine  ?  Then  was  Abner  very 
wroth  for  the  words  of  Ish-bosheth, 
and  said  :  Am  I  a  dog's  head,  which, 
against  Judah,  do  show  kindness  this 
day  unto  the  house  of  Saul  thy  father, 
to  his  brethren,  and  to  his  friends, 
and  have  not  delivered  thee  into  the 
hand  of  David — that  thou  chargest  me 
to-day  with  a  fault  concerning  this 
woman  ?  So  do  God  to  Abner,  and 
more  also,  except,  as  the  LORD  hath 
sworn  to  David,  so  I  do  to  him  ;  to 
translate  the  kingdom  from  Saul,  and 
to  set  up  the  throne  of  David  over 
Israel  and  over  Judah,  from  Dan  even 
to  Beersheba. 

First  Responsory. 

Lord,   when    Thy  people,    &c.,    (p. 
269.) 

Second  Lesson. 

AND  Abner  sent  messengers  to 
David  on  his  behalf,  saying : 
Whose  is  the  land  ?  Saying  also : 
Make  thy  league  with  me  ;  and  my 
hand  shall  be  with  thee,  to  bring 
about  all  Israel  unto  thee.  And  he 
said :  Well  —  I  will  make  a  league 
with  thee  ;  but  one  thing  I  require  of 
thee — that  is,  thou  shalt  not  see  my 
face  except  thou  first  bring  Michal,1 
Saul's  daughter.  So  shalt  thou  come 
and  see  me.  And  David  sent  mes 
sengers  to  Ish-bosheth,  Saul's  son,  say 
ing  :  Deliver  to  me  my  wife  Michal, 
which  I  espoused  to  me  for  an  hun 
dred  foreskins  of  the  Philistines.2 


1  Saul  had  given  her  to  David  for  his  first  wife,  and  she  had  afterwards  been  taken  from  him 
by  her  family.  -  i  Kings  (Sam.)  xviii.  25-27. 

VOL.    III.  K   2 


286 


THE    PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


And  Ish-bosheth  sent  and  took  her 
from  her  husband,  even  from  Phaltiel, 
the  son  of  Laish.  And  her  husband 
went  with  her  along,  weeping  behind 
her,  to  Bahurim  ;  then  said  Abner  unto 
him  :  Go,  return.  And  he  returned. 

Second  Responsory. 
And  it  came  to  pass,  &c.,  (p.  270.) 

Third  Lesson. 

AND  Abner  had  communication 
with  the  elders  of  Israel,  say 
ing  :  Ye  sought  for  David  not  yester 
day  only  to  be  King  over  you.  Now, 
then,  do  it  ;  for  the  LORD  hath  spoken 
of  David,  saying  :  By  the  hand  of  My 
servant  David  I  will  save  My  people 
Israel  out  of  the  hand  of  the  Philis 
tines,  and  out  of  the  hand  of  all 
their  enemies.  And  Abner  also  spake 
in  the  ears  of  Benjamin.  And  he 
went  also  to  speak  in  the  ears  of 
David  in  Hebron  all  that  seemed 
good  to  Israel,  and  that  seemed  good 
to  the  whole  house  of  Benjamin.  So 
Abner  came  to  David  to  Hebron,  and 
twenty  men  with  him  ;  and  David 
made  Abner,  and  the  men  that  were 
with  him,  a  feast.  And  Abner  said 
unto  David :  I  will  arise,  and  will 
gather  all  Israel  unto  my  lord  the 
King. 

Third  Responsory. 
Thus  saith  the  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 


Fourth  Day, 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Second 
Book  of  Kings  (iv.  5.) 


A  ND  the  sons  of  Rimmon  the  Ber- 
othite,  Rechab  and  Baanah,  went, 
and  came  about  the  heat  of  the  day 
to  the  house  of  Ish-bosheth  ;  who  lay 
on  a  bed  at  noon.  And  the  maid 
servant,  that  kept  the  door,  was  there 
winnowing  grain,  but  she  was  asleep. 
And  Rechab  and  Baanah  his  brother 
came  into  the  house  stealthily,  as 
though  they  would  have  fetched  ears 
of  wheat,  and  they  smote  him  in  the 
groin,  and  escaped.  For  when  they 
came  into  the  house  he  lay  asleep  upon 
his  bed  in  his  bedchamber,  and  they 
smote  him,  and  slew  him,  and  took  his 
head,  and  gat  them  away  by  the  way  of 
the  desert  all  night.  And  they  brought 
the  head  of  Ish-bosheth  unto  David  to 
Hebron,  and  said  to  the  King  :  Behold 
the  head  of  Ish-bosheth  the  son  of  Saul, 
thine  enemy,  which  sought  thy  life. 

First  Responsory. 
My  sins  are  many,  &c.,  (p.  224.) 

Second  Lesson. 

AND  David  answered  Rechab  and 
•^^  Baanah  his  brother,  the  sons  of 
Rimmon  the  Berothite,  and  said  unto 
them  :  As  the  LORD  liveth,  Who  hath 
redeemed  my  soul  out  of  all  adversity, 
when  one  told  me,  saying,  Saul  is 
dead,  thinking  to  have  brought  good 
tidings,  I  took  hold  of  him  and  slew 
him  in  Ziklag ;  who  thought  that  I 
would  have  given  him  a  reward  for 
his  tiding's.  How  much  more  now, 
when  wicked  men  have  slain  an  harm 
less  person  in  his  own  house  upon 
his  bed,  shall  I  not  therefore  require 
his  blood  of  your  hand,  and  take  you 
away  from  the  earth  ?  And  David 
commanded  his  young  men,  and  they 
slew  them  ;  and  cut  off  their  hands  and 
their  feet  and  hanged  them  up  over  the 
pool  in  Hebron.  But  they  took  the 
head  of  Ish-bosheth,  and  buried  it  in 
the  sepulchre  of  Abner  in  Hebron. 


FIFTH   WEEK   AFTER   PENTECOST. 


287 


Second  Responsory. 

O  Lord,  Thou  hast  hearkened,  &c., 

(P.  224.) 

Third  Lesson. 

'"THEN  came  all  the  tribes  of  Israel 
to  David  unto  Hebron,  saying  : 
Behold,  we  are  thy  bone  and  thy  flesh. 
Also  in  time  past,  when  Saul  was 
King  over  us,  thou  wast  he  that  led- 
dest  out  and  broughtest  in  Israel  ; 
and  the  LORD  said  to  thee :  Thou 
shalt  feed  My  people  Israel,  and  thou 
shalt  be  a  Captain  over  Israel.  So 
all  the  elders  of  Israel  came  to  the 
King  to  Hebron,  and  King  David 
made  a  league  with  them  in  Hebron 
before  the  LORD  ;  and  they  anointed 
David  King  over  Israel.  David  was 
thirty  years  old  when  he  began  to 
reign,  and  he  reigned  forty  years.  In 
Hebron  he  reigned  over  Judah  seven 
years  and  six  months  ;  and  in  Jeru 
salem  he  reigned  thirty  and  three 
years  over  all  Israel  and  Judah.  And 
the  King  and  his  men  went  to  Jeru 
salem,  unto  the  Jebusites,  the  inhab 
itants  of  the  land  ;  which  spake  unto 
David,  saying  :  Except  thou  take  away 
the  blind  and  the  lame  thou  shalt  not 
come  in  hither — thinking  :  David  can 
not  come  in  hither.  Nevertheless 
David  took  the  stronghold  of  Zion — 
the  same  is  the  city  of  David. 

Third  Responsory. 
Hearken,  O  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  225.) 


A  GAIN,  David  gathered  together 
all  the  chosen  men  of  Israel, 
thirty  thousand.  And  David  arose, 
and  went,  with  all  the  people  that 
were  with  him  of  the  men  of  Judah, 
to  bring  up  the  Ark  of  God,  whereon 
is  called  the  Name  of  the  LORD  of 
hosts,  That  sitteth  between  the  Cheru 
bim  thereon.  And  they  set  the  Ark 
of  God  upon  a  new  cart,  and  brought 
it  out  of  the  house  of  Abinadab,  that 
was  in  Gibeah.  And  Uzzah  and 
Ahio,  the  sons  of  Abinadab,  drove  the 
new  cart. 


First  Responsory. 
Prepare  your  hearts,  &c.,  (p.  221.) 

Second  Lesson. 

A  ND  they  brought  it  out  of  the 
house  of  Abinadab,  which  was 
at  Gibeah,  accompanying  the  Ark  of 
God,  and  Ahio  went  before  the  Ark. 
And  David  and  all  the  house  of  Israel 
played  before  the  LORD  on  all  manner 
of  instruments  made  of  cypress-wood, 
even  on  harps,  and  on  psalteries,  and 
on  timbrels,  and  on  cornets,  and  on 
cymbals.  And  when  they  came  to 
Nachon's  threshing-floor,  Uzzah  put 
forth  his  hand  to  the  Ark  of  God, 
and  took  hold  of  it,  for  the  oxen 
stumbled  and  shook  it.  And  the 
anger  of  the  LORD  was  kindled  against 
Uzzah,  and  He  smote  him  there  for 
his  presumption  ;  and  there  he  died, 
by  the  Ark  of  God. 


Fifth  Day. 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Second 
Book  of  Kings  (vi.  i . ) 


Second  Respotisory. 
God   Which    heareth    all,   &c.,    (p. 

222.) 

Third  Lesson. 

A  ND  David  was  grieved  because 
^^  the  LORD  had  smitten  Uzzah, 
and  the  name  of  the  place  is  called 


288 


THE   PROPER  OFFICE   OF  THE   SEASON. 


"  The  Smiting  of  Uzzah  "  to  this  day. 
And  David  was  afraid  of  the  LORD 
that  day,  and  said  :  How  shall  the 
Ark  of  the  LORD  come  to  me  ?  So 
David  would  not  remove  the  Ark  of 
the  LORD  unto  him  into  the  city  of 
David  ;  but  David  carried  it  aside 
into  the  house  of  Obed-edom  the 
Gittite.  And  the  Ark  of  the  LORD 
continued  in  the  house  of  Obed-edom 
the  Gittite  three  months.  And  the 
LORD  blessed  Obed-edom  and  all  his 
household.  And  it  was  told  King  Da 
vid,  saying  :  The  LORD  hath  blessed 
Obed-edom  and  all  that  pertaineth  un 
to  him,  because  of  the  Ark  of  God. 
So  David  went,  and  brought  up  the 
Ark  of  God  from  the  house  of  Obed- 
edom  into  the  city  of  David,  with 
gladness. 

Third  Responsory. 

The  LORD  That  delivered  me,  &c., 
(p.  222.) 


Sixth  Day. 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Second 
Book  of  Kings  (vii.  4.) 

AND,  behold,  the  word  of  the  LORD 
^•^  came  unto  Nathan,  saying  :  Go, 
and  tell  My  servant  David  :  Thus 
saith  the  LORD  :  Shalt  thou  build  Me 
an  house  for  Me  to  dwell  in  ?  where 
as  I  have  not  dwelt  in  any  house  since 
the  time  that  I  brought  up  the  child 
ren  of  Israel  out  of  Egypt  even  to 
this  day,  but  have  walked  in  a  tent 
and  in  a  tabernacle. 


First  Responsory. 
Saul  hath  slain,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 


Second  Lesson. 

T  N  all  the  places  wherein  I  have 
walked  with  all  the  children  of 
Israel,  spake  I  a  word  with  any  of 
the  tribes  of  Israel,  whom  I  com 
manded  to  feed  My  people  Israel, 
saying :  Why  build  ye  not  Me  an 
house  of  cedar  ?  Now,  therefore,  so 
shalt  thou  say  unto  My  servant  Da 
vid  :  Thus  saith  the  LORD  of  hosts  : 
I  took  thee  from  the  sheep-cote,  from 
following  the  sheep,  to  be  ruler  over 
My  people,  over  Israel,  and  I  was 
with  thee  whithersoever  thou  wentest, 
and  have  cut  off  all  thine  enemies 
out  of  thy  sight,  and  have  made  thee 
a  great  name,  like  unto  the  name  of 
the  great  men  that  are  in  the  earth. 
Moreover,  I  will  appoint  a  place  for 
My  people  Israel,  and  will  plant  them, 
that  they  may  dwell  in  a  place  of  their 
own,  and  move  no  more ;  neither 
shall  the  children  of  wickedness  afflict 
them  any  more,  as  beforetime,  and 
as  since  the  time  that  I  commanded 
judges  to  be  over  My  people  Israel. 
And  I  will  cause  thee  to  rest  from  all 
thine  enemies.  Also  the  LORD  telleth 
thee,  that  He,  the  Lord,  will  make 
thee  an  house. 


Second  Responsory. 
Ye  mountains,  £c.,  (p.  223.) 

Third  Lesson. 

AND  when  thy  days  be  fulfilled  and 
^^  thou  shalt  sleep  with  thy  fathers, 
I  will  set  up  thy  seed  after  thee,  which 
shall  proceed  out  of  thy  bowels,  and  I 
will  establish  his  kingdom.  He  shall 
build  an  house  for  My  Name,  and  I 
will  establish  the  throne  of  his  king 
dom  for  ever.  I  will  be  his  Father, 
and  he  shall  be  My  son.  If  he  com 
mit  iniquity,  I  will  chasten  him  with 
the  rod  of  men,  and  with  the  stripes 


FIFTH   WEEK   AFTER   PENTECOST. 


289 


of  the  children  of  men.  But  My 
mercy  shall  not  depart  away  from 
him,  as  I  took  it  from  Saul,  whom 
I  put  away  from  before  Me.  And 
thine  house  and  thy  kingdom  shall 
be  established  for  ever  before  thee, 
and  thy  throne  shall  be  built  in 
strength.  According  to  all  these 
words,  and  according  to  all  this 
vision,  so  did  Nathan  speak  unto 
David. 

J^hird  Responsory. 
Thus  saith  the  LORD,  (p.  223.) 


The  Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Second 
Book  of  Kings  (xi.  i.) 

A  ND  it  came  to  pass,  at  the  turn 
^^  of  the  year,  at  the  time  when 
kings  go  forth  to  battle,  that  David 
sent  Joab,  and  his  servants  with  him, 
and  all  Israel,  and  they  wasted  the 
children  of  Ammon,  and  besieged 
Rabbah.  But  David  tarried  still  at 
Jerusalem.  And  it  came  to  pass  in 
an  evening-tide,  that  David  arose  from 
off  his  bed,  and  walked  upon  the  roof 
of  the  King's  house.  And  from  the 
roof  he  saw  a  woman  washing  herself, 
over  against  his  house.  And  the 
woman  was  very  beautiful  to  look 
upon.  And  David  sent  and  inquired 
after  the  woman.  And  one  said  : 
Is  not  this  Bathsheba,  the  daughter 
of  Eliam,  the  wife  of  Uriah  the 
Hittite  ?  And  David  sent  messengers 
and  took  her. 

First  Responsory. 
My  sins  are  many,  (p.  224.) 


Second  Lesson. 

AND  she  returned  unto  her  house, 
having  conceived  seed.  And 
she  sent  and  told  David,  saying :  I 
am  with  child.  And  David  sent  to 
Joab,  saying :  Send  me  Uriah  the 
Hittite.  And  Joab  sent  Uriah  to 
David.  And  Uriah  came  unto  David. 
And  David  demanded  how  Joab  did, 
and  how  the  people  did,  and  how  the 
war  prospered.  And  David  said  to 
Uriah  :  Go  down  to  thine  house,  and 
wash  thy  feet.  And  Uriah  departed 
out  of  the  King's  house,  and  there 
followed  him  a  mess  of  meat  from  the 
King.  But  Uriah  slept  at  the  door 
of  the  King's  house,  with  all  the 
servants  of  his  lord,  and  went  not 
down  to  his  house.  And  when  they 
had  told  David,  saying  :  Uriah  went 
not  down  to  his  house,  David  said 
unto  Uriah  :  Camest  thou  not  from 
thy  journey  ?  why  then  didst  thou 
not  go  down  unto  thine  house  ?  And 
Uriah  said  unto  David  :  The  Ark  of 
God,  and  Israel,  and  Judah  abide 
in  tents,  and  my  lord  Joab,  and  the 
servants  of  my  lord  are  encamped 
in  the  open  fields  ;  shall  I  then  go 
into  mine  house,  to  eat  and  to  drink, 
and  to  sleep  with  my  wife  ?  As  thou 
livest,  and  as  thy  soul  liveth,  I  will 
not  do  this  thing. 

Second  Responsory. 

O  Lord,  Thou  hast  hearkened,  &c., 
(p.  224.) 

Third  Lesson. 

AND  David  said  to  Uriah  ;  Tarry 
^"^  here  to-day  also,  and  to-morrow 
I  will  let  thee  depart.  So  Uriah 
abode  in  Jerusalem  that  day  and  the 
morroAv,  and  David  called  him  to  eat 
and  drink  before  him  ;  and  he  made 
him  drunk.  And  at  even  he  went 
out,  and  slept  upon  his  bed  with  the 
servants  of  his  lord  ;  but  went  not 


290 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


down  to  his  house.  And  it  came  to 
pass,  in  the  morning,  that  David  wrote 
a  letter  to  Joab,  and  sent  it  by  the 
hand  of  Uriah  ;  and  he  wrote  in  the 
letter,  saying :  Set  ye  Uriah  in  the 
fore-front  of  the  hottest  battle,  and 
retire  ye  from  him,  that  he  may  be 
smitten  and  die.  And  it  came  to  pass 
when  Joab  assaulted  the  city,  that  he 
assigned  Uriah  unto  a  place  where 
he  knew  that  valiant  men  were.  And 
the  men  of  the  city  went  out  and 
fought  with  Joab,  and  there  fell  some 
of  the  people,  of  the  servants  of  David, 
and  Uriah  the  Hittite  died  also. 

Third  Responsory. 
Hearken,  O  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  225.) 

VESPERS. 

Antiphon  at  the  Song  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin,  T  I  beseech  Thee,  *  O  Lord, 
do  away  the  iniquity  of  Thy  servant, 
for  I  have  done  very  foolishly. 

The  Prayer  is  taken  from  the  Lauds 
of  the  succeeding  Sunday. 


Stxtij  Suntiag  after  Pentecost. 

The  Sixth  Lord^s  Day  after  Pentecost. 

MATTINS. 

FIRST    NOCTURN, 

First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the   Second 
Book  of  Kings  (xii.   i.) 

A  ND  the  LORD  sent  Nathan  unto 
^^  David.  And  he  came  unto  him, 
and  said  unto  him  :  There  were  two 
men  in  one  city,  the  one  rich,  and 
the  other  poor.  The  rich  man  had 


exceeding  many  flocks  and  herds  ; 
but  the  poor  man  had  nothing  save 
one  little  ewe -lamb,  which  he  had 
bought  and  nourished  up.  And  it 
grew  up  together  with  him,  and  with 
his  children.  It  did  eat  of  his  own 
meat,  and  drank  of  his  own  cup,  and 
lay  in  his  bosom,  and  was  unto  him 
as  a  daughter.  And  there  came  a 
traveller  unto  the  rich  man  ;  and  he 
spared  to  take  of  his  own  flock  and 
of  his  own  herd,  to  dress  for  the 
wayfaring  man  that  was  come  unto 
him  ;  but  took  the  poor  man's  lamb, 
and  dressed  it  for  the  man  that  was 
come  unto  him. 


First  Responsory. 
Prepare  your  hearts,  &c.,  (p.  221.) 

Second  Lesson. 

A  ND  David's  anger  was  greatly  kin- 
^  died  against  the  man,  and  he 
said  to  Nathan  :  As  the  LORD  liveth, 
the  man  that  hath  done  this  thing 
shall  surely  die.  He  shall  restore  the 
lamb  four-fold,  because  he  did  this 
thing,  and  because  he  had  no  pity. 
And  Nathan  said  to  David :  Thou 
art  the  man — Thus  saith  the  LORD 
God  of  Israel  :  I  anointed  thee  king- 
over  Israel,  and  I  delivered  thee 
out  of  the  hand  of  Saul,  and  I  gave 
thee  thy  master's  house,  and  thy 
master's  wives  into  thy  bosom,  and 
gave  thee  the  house  of  Israel  and  of 
Judah  :  and  if  that  had  been  too  little, 
I  would  moreover  have  given  unto 
thee  much  greater  things.  Where 
fore  hast  thou  despised  the  command 
ment  of  the  LORD,  to  do  evil  in  His 
sight  ?  Thou  hast  killed  Uriah  the 
Hittite  with  the  sword,  and  hast  taken 
his  wife  to  be  thy  wife,  and  hast  slain 
him  with  the  sword  of  the  children 
of  Ammon. 


i  Par.  (Chron.)  xxi.  8. 


SIXTH   WEEK   AFTER    PENTECOST. 


291 


Second  Responsory. 
God   Which    heareth    all,    &c.,    (p. 

222.) 

Third  Lesson. 

1\J  OW,  therefore — the  sword  shall 
never  depart  from  thine  house  ; 
because  thou  hast  despised  Me,  and 
hast  taken  the  wife  of  Uriah  the 
Hittite  to  be  thy  wife.  Thus  saith 
the  LORD  :  Behold,  I  will  raise  up 
evil  against  thee  out  of  thine  house  ; 
and  I  will  take  thy  wives  before  thine 
eyes,  and  give  them  unto  thy  neigh 
bour  ;  and  he  shall  lie  with  thy  wives 
in  the  sight  of  this  sun.  For  thou 
didst  it  secretly ;  but  I  will  do  this 
thing  before  all  Israel,  and  before  the 
sun.  And  David  said  unto  Nathan  : 
I  have  sinned  against  the  LORD. 
And  Nathan  said  unto  David :  The 
LORD  also  hath  put  away  thy  sin — 
thou  shalt  not  die.  Howbeit,  because 
by  this  deed  thou  hast  given  great 
occasion  to  the  enemies  of  the  LORD 
to  blaspheme,  the  child  also  that  is 
born  unto  thee  shall  surely  die.  And 
Nathan  departed  unto  his  house.  And 
the  LORD  struck  the  child  that  Uriah's 
wife  bare  unto  David,  and  it  was 
very  sick.  David  therefore  besought 
the  Lord  for  the  child  ;  and  David 
fasted,  and  went  in,  and  lay  upon  the 
earth.1 

Third  Responsory. 

The  LORD  That  delivered  me,  &c., 

(p.  222.) 

SECOND    NOCTURN. 
Fourth  Lesson. 

The*  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Book 
"  On  the  Defence  of  David  "  written 
by  St  Ambrose,  Bishop  [of  Milan.] 


T  N  how  many  things  doth  each  one 
of  us  transgress  every  hour ! 
And  nevertheless  not  one  of  all  us 
common  men  thinketh  it  well  to  con 
fess  his  sin.  Yet  that  strong  and 
great  King  would  not  suffer  the 
acknowledgment  of  his  iniquity  to 
remain,  even  for  a  moment,  hidden 
in  his  own  heart.  With  eager  con 
fession  and  bitter  sorrow,  he  admitted 
that  he  had  sinned  against  the  Lord. 
Which  of  you  will  easily  find  me  now 
some  honoured  and  wealthy  person, 
who  will  not  take  it  ill  if  I  rebuke  him 
for  a  fault  whereof  he  is  guilty  ?  But 
David,  amid  the  splendours  of  a 
throne  and'  the  certainty  of  Divine  re 
velations,  when  he  was  rebuked  by 
one  of  his  subjects  for  his  grievous 
transgression,  was  not  roused  to  anger, 
but  contrariwise,  acknowledged  his 
sin  with  groans  and  affliction. 

Fourth  Responsory. 
Saul  hath  slain,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 

Fifth  Lesson. 

^PHE  heart-felt  sorrow  of  David 
moved  the  Lord  to  compassion, 
so  that  Nathan  said :  Because  thou 
hast  repented,  the  Lord  also  hath  put 
away  thy  sin.  The  instant  gift  of 
pardon  declareth  the  depth  of  the 
King's  repentance,  which  was  able 
to  obtain  the  forgiveness  of  so 
grievous  a  transgression.  Other  men, 
when  they  be  rebuked  of  Priests,  do 
but  aggravate  the  heinousness  of  their 
sins  by  the  seeking"  to  deny  or  to  ex 
cuse  them,  and  thereby  make  deeper 
their  fall  by  means  of  that  which 
should  have  helped  them  up.  But 
the  saints  of  the  Lord  who  will  to 
fight  a  good  fight  of  godliness  unto 

1  The  child  died.  The  next  few  verses  in  the  Bible  describe,  very  touchingly,  the  conduct  of 
David  on  the  occasion — and,  afterwards,  how  Solomon  was  born  of  Bathsheba.  David  com 
posed  the  Miserere  during  his  repentance. 


THE    PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


the  end  and  to  finish  their  course  by 
saving  their  souls,  howbeit,  they  may 
perchance  have  fallen  like  other  men, 
have  done  so  rather  through  man's 
weakness  than  through  lust  for  ini 
quity,  and  rise  more  eager  to  go 
on  than  before.  Shame  goadeth 
them  on  to  fly  at  higher  things. 
So  that  not  only  is  their  fall  to  be 
reckoned  to  have  nowise  hampered 
them,  but  rather  to  have  quickened 
their  speed. 


FiftJi  Responsory. 
Ye  mountains,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 

Sixth  Lesson.      (Ch.  iv. ) 

T^AVID  sinned;  and  so  oftentimes 
do  other  kings.  David  re 
pented  with  groaning  and  tears  ;  and 
so  do  not  oftentimes  other  kings.  He 
admitted  his  guilt  ;  he  implored  for 
giveness  ;  he  cast  himself  down  upon 
the  ground,  and  there  wept  over  his 
crime ;  he  fasted ;  he  prayed  ;  by 
publishing  his  sorrow  he  left  an  ever 
lasting  witness  of  his  acknowledg 
ment.1  What  meaner  men  blush  to 
do,  the  King  was  not  ashamed  to 
own.  They  who  are  answerable  to 
law  are  bold  to  deny  their  crimes, 
and  too  haughty  to  ask  pardon.  Not 
so  he,  though  he  could  be  haled  be 
fore  no  earthly  judgment-seat.  That 
he  sinned  was  a  matter  flowing  from 
his  nature  ;  that  he  asked  for  pardon, 
his  own  repentance.  To  fall  is  com 
mon  to  all  men,  but  his  confession 
was  his  own.  To  transgress  thus 
was  nature  ;  to  efface  his  guilt,  great 
ness. 


THIRD    NOCTURN. 

Seventh  Responsory. 
My  sins  are  many,  &c.,  (p.  224.) 

Eighth  Responsory. 
One  seraph  cried,  &c.,  (p.  218.) 


Second  Day. 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Second 
Book  of  Kings  (xiii.  22.) 

AND  Absalom  spake  unto  his 
brother  Amnon  neither  good 
nor  bad  ;  for  Absalom  hated  Amnon, 
because  he  had  forced  his  sister 
Tamar.  And  it  came  to  pass,  after 
two  full  years,  that  Absalom  had 
sheep-shearers  in  Baal-hazor,  which 
is  beside  Ephraim  ;  and  Absalom 
invited  all  the  king's  sons.  And 
[Absalom]  came  to  the  King,  and 
said  :  Behold,  now,  thy  servant  hath 
sheep-shearers  ;  let  the  King,  I  be 
seech  thee,  and  his  servants,  go  with 
thy  servant.  And  the  King  said  to 
Absalom  :  Nay,  my  son,  let  us  not 
all  go  now,  lest  we  be  chargeable 
unto  thee.  And  he  pressed  him  ; 
howbeit,  he  would  not  go,  but  blessed 
him. 

First  Responsory. 

Remember,  O  Lord,  Thy  covenant, 
&c.,  (p.  268.) 


Sixth  Responsory. 
Thus  saith  the  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 

1  I.e.,  in  the  Psalm  "Miserere." 


Second  Lesson. 

HTHEN     said     Absalom:      If     not, 
I    pray    thee,     let    my    brother 
Amnon    go    with  us.      And  the   King 


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293 


said  unto  him  :  Why  should  he  go 
with  thee  ?  But  Absalom  pressed 
him,  that  he  let  Amnon  and  all  the 
King's  sons  go  with  him.  Now  Ab 
salom  had  made  a  feast  like  one  of 
the  King's  feasts.  And  Absalom  had 
commanded  his  servants,  saying : 
Mark  ye  now  when  Amnon's  heart  is 
merry  with  wine ;  and  when  I  say 
unto  you,  Smite  him, — then  kill  him, 
fear  not.  For  it  is  I  that  have  com 
manded  you.  Be  courageous,  and  be 
valiant.  And  the  servants  of  Ab 
salom  did  unto  Amnon  as  Absalom 
had  commanded.  Then  all  the  King's 
sons  arose,  and  every  man  gat  him  up 
upon  his  mule,  and  fled. 

Second  Responsory, 

O  Lord,  Thou  hast  hearkened,  &c., 
(p.  224.) 

Third  Lesson. 

AND  it  came  to  pass,  while  they 
were  in  the  way,  that  tidings 
came  to  David,  saying" :  Absalom 
hath  slain  all  the  King's  sons :  and 
there  is  not  one  of  them  left.  Then 
the  King  arose,  and  tare  his  garments, 
and  lay  on  the  earth  ;  and  all  his 
servants  stood  by  with  their  clothes 
rent.  And  Jonadab,  the  son  of 
Shimeah,1  David's  brother,  answered 
and  said  :  Let  not  my  lord  the  King- 
suppose  that  they  have  slain  all  the 
young  men  the  King's  sons  ;  for 
Amnon  only  is  dead — for  by  the  ap 
pointment  of  Absalom  this  hath  been 
determined  from  the  day  that  he 
forced  his  sister  Tamar.  Now  there 
fore  let  not  my  lord  the  King  take  the 
thing  to  his  heart,  to  think  that  all 
the  King's  sons  are  dead  ;  for  Amnon 
only  is  dead.  But  Absalom  fled. 

Third  Responsory. 
Hearken,  O  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  225.) 
1  I.e.,  Sharama. 


Third  Day. 
MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the   Second 
Book  of  Kings  (xiv.  4.) 

A  ND  when  the  woman  of  Tekoah  2 
was  come  in  unto  the  King's 
presence,  she  fell  on  her  face  to  the 
ground,  and  did  obeisance,  and  said  : 
Help,  O  King !  And  the  King  said 
unto  her :  What  aileth  thee  ?  And 
she  said  :  Alas  for  me,  I  am  a  widow 
woman,  for  mine  husband  is  dead. 
And  thine  handmaid  had  two  sons, 
and  they  two  strove  together  in  the 
field,  and  there  was  none  to  part 
them,  but  the  one  smote  the  other 
and  slew  him.  And,  behold,  the 
whole  family  is  risen  against  thine 
handmaid,  and  they  said :  Deliver 
him  that  smote  his  brother,  that  we 
may  kill  him,  for  the  life  of  his 
brother,  whom  he  slew,  and  we  will 
destroy  the  heir  also :  and  so  they 
shall  quench  my  coal  which  is  left, 
and  shall  not  leave  to  mine  husband 
either  name  or  remainder  upon  the 
earth. 

First  Responsory. 

Lord,   when   Thy  people,    &c.,    (p. 
269.) 

Second  Lesson. 

AND  the  King  said :.  Whosoever 
^^  saith  aught  unto  thee,  bring 
him  to  me,  and  he  shall  not  touch 
thee  any  more.  Then  said  she :  I 
pray  thee,  let  the  King  remember  the 
LORD  thy  God,  that  they  of  the  kin 
ship  be  not  suffered  to  seek  further 
for  vengeance,  and  to  destroy  my 

2  She  was  an  agent  of  Joab. 


294 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


son.  And  he  said :  As  the  LORD 
liveth,  there  shall  not  one  hair  of  thy 
son  fall  to  the  earth.  Then  the 
woman  said :  Let  thine  handmaid 
speak  one  word  unto  my  lord  the 
King.  And  he  said  :  Say  on.  And 
the  woman  said :  Wherefore  then 
hast  thou  thought  such  a  thing  against 
the  people  of  God,  and  wherefore  doth 
the  King  speak  this  thing  as  one 
which  is  faulty,  in  that  the  King  doth 
not  fetch  home  again  his  banished  ? 
For  we  must  needs  all  die,  and  are  as 
water  spilt  on  the  ground,  which 
cannot  be  gathered  up  again.  Neither 
is  it  the  will  of  God  that  a  soul  should 
perish,  but  He  repenteth  Him,  lest 
He  should  utterly  destroy  the  cast 
away. 

Second  Responsory. 
And  it  came  to  pass,  &c.,  (p.  270.) 


Third  Lesson.     (19.) 

AND  the  King  said  :  Is  not  the 
"^^  hand  of  Joab  with  thee  in  all 
this  ?  And  the  woman  answered  and 
said  :  As  thy  soul  liveth,  my  Lord  the 
King,  none  can  turn  to  the  right  hand 
or  to  the  left  from  aught  that  my  lord 
the  King  hath  spoken  ;  for  thy  servant 
Joab,  he  bade  me,  and  he  put  all  these 
words  in  the  mouth  of  thine  handmaid. 
That  I  should  fetch  about  this  form  of 
speech,  thy  servant  Joab  commanded 
it  ;  but  thou  art  wise,  O  my  lord  the 
King,  according  to  the  wisdom  of  an 
Angel  of  God,  to  know  all  things  that 
are  in  the  earth.  And  the  King  said 
unto  Joab  :  Behold,  now,  I  am  recon 
ciled  to  do  after  thy  word  ;  go  there 
fore,  and  bring  the  young  man  Absalom 
again. 

Third  Responsory. 
Thus  saith  the  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 


Fourth  Day. 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Second 
Book  of  Kings  (xv.  i.) 

AND  it  came  to  pass  after  this  that 
^~^  Absalom  prepared  him  chariots 
and  horse-men,  and  fifty  men  to  run 
before  him.  And  Absalom  rose  up 
early,  and  stood  beside  the  entering-in 
of  the  gate  ;  and  it  was  so  that  when 
any  man  that  had  a  controversy  came 
to  the  King  for  judgment,  then  Ab 
salom  called  unto  him,  and  said  :  Of 
what  city  art  thou  ?  And  he  said : 
Thy  servant  is  of  one  of  the  tribes  of 
Israel.  And  Absalom  said  unto  him  : 
See,  thy  matters  are  good  and  right ; 
but  there  is  no  man  deputed  of  the 
King  to  hear  thee. 

First  Responsory. 
My  sins  are  many,  £c.,  (p.  224.) 

Second  Lesson. 

A  BSALOM  said  moreover  :  O  that 
I  were  made  judge  in  the  land, 
that  every  man  which  hath  any  suit  or 
cause  might  come  unto  me,  and  I 
would  do  him  justice  !  And  it  was  so, 
that  when  any  man  came  nigh  to  him 
to  do  him  obeisance,  he  put  forth  his 
hand,  and  took  him,  and  kissed  him. 
And  on  this  manner  did  Absalom  to 
all  Israel  that  came  to  the  King  for 
judgment ;  so  Absalom  stole  the  hearts 
of  the  men  of  Israel. 


Second  Responsory. 

O  Lord,  Thou  hast  hearkened,  &c., 
(P.  224.) 


SIXTH   WEEK   AFTER    PENTECOST. 


295 


Third  Lesson, 

AND  it  came  to  pass  after  forty 
years  that  Absalom  said  unto 
King  David  :  I  will  go  and  pay  my 
vow  which  I  have  vowed  unto  the 
LORD  in  Hebron.  For  thy  servant 
vowed  a  vow  while  I  abode  in  Geshur 
in  Syria,  saying  :  If  the  LORD  shall 
bring  me  again  indeed  to  Jerusalem, 
then  I  will  offer  a  sacrifice  unto  the 
LORD.  And  King  David  said  unto 
him  :  Go  in  peace.  So  he  arose,  and 
went  to  Hebron.  But  Absalom  sent 
spies  throughout  all  the  tribes  of  Israel, 
saying  :  As  soon  as  ye  hear  the  sound 
of  the  trumpet,  then  ye  shall  say  —  - 
Absalom  reigneth  in  Hebron. 

Third  Responsory. 
Hearken,  O  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  225.) 


Fifth  Day. 
MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Second 
Book  of  Kings  (xv.  13.) 

AND  there  came  a  messenger  to 
~^^  David,  saying  :  The  heart  of  all 
Israel  is  after  Absalom.  And  David 
said  unto  his  servants  that  were  with 
him  at  Jerusalem  :  Arise,  let  us  flee  ; 
for  we  shall  not  else  escape  from 
Absalom.  Make  speed  to  depart,  lest 
he  overtake  us  suddenly,  and  bring 
evil  upon  us,  and  smite  the  city  with 
the  edge  of  the  sword.  And  the 
King's  servants  said  unto  him  :  Thy 
servants  are  ready  to  do  whatsoever 
our  lord  the  King  shall  appoint. 


First  Responsory. 
Prepare  your  hearts,  &c.,  (p.  221.) 

Second  Lesson. 

A  ND  the  King  went  forth,  and  all 
'^^  his  household  after  him  on  foot  ; 
and  the  King  left  ten  women,  which 
were  concubines,  to  keep  the  house. 
And  the  King  and  all  Israel  went 
forth,  on  foot,  and  tarried  in  a  place 
that  was  far  off ;  and  all  his  servants 
passed  on  beside  him,  and  all  the 
Cherethites,  and  all  the  Pelethites,  and 
all  the  Gittites,  valiant  men  of  war, 
six  hundred,  which  came  after  him  from 
Gath,  passed  on  before  him. 

Second  Responsory. 
God    Which    heareth    all,    &c.,    (p. 

222.) 

Third  Lesson. 

^THEN  said  the  King  to  Ittai  the 
Gittite :  Wherefore  goest  thou 
also  with  us  ?  Return  to  thy  place, 
and  abide  with  the  King  ;  for  thou  art 
a  stranger,  and  also  an  exile.  Where 
as  thou  earnest  but  yesterday,  should  I 
this  day  make  thee  go  out  with  us  ? 
As  for  me,  I  go  whither  I  go  ;  return 
thou,  and  take  back  with  thee  thy 
brethren  ;  and  the  Lord  will  deal  with 
thee  in  mercy  and  in  truth,  because 
thou  hast  showed  me  kindness  and 
faithfulness.1 


Third  Responsory. 

The  LORD  That  delivered  me,  &c., 
(P.  222.) 


1  Verse  21.  And  Ittai  answered  the  King,  and  said  :  As  the  LORD  liveth,  and  as  my  lord 
the  King  liveth,  surely  in  what  place  my  lord  the  King  shall  be,  whether  in  death  or  life,  even 
there  also  will  thy  servant  be. 


296 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


Sixth  Day. 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Second 
Book  of  Kings  (xvi.  5.) 

AND  when  King  David  came  to 
^^  Bahurim,  behold,  thence  came 
out  a  man  of  the  family  of  the  house  of 
Saul,  whose  name  was  Shimei,  the  son 
of  Gera.  He  came  forth,  and  cursed 
still  as  he  came  ;  and  he  cast  stones  at 
David,  and  at  all  the  servants  of  King- 
David.  And  all  the  people,  and  all 
the  mighty  men  were  on  the  King's 
right  hand  and  his  left.  And  thus 
said  Shimei  when  he  cursed  the  King  : 
Come  out,  come  out,  thou  bloody  man, 
and  thou  man  of  Belial.  The  LORD 
hath  returned  upon  thee  all  the  blood 
of  the  house  of  Saul,  in  whose  stead 
thou  hast  reigned.1 

First  Responsory. 
Saul  hath  slain,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 


Second  Lesson.      ( 9 . ) 


T 


HEN  said  Abishai  the  son  of 
Zeruiah  unto  the  King :  Why 
should  this  dead  dog  curse  my  lord 
the  King  ?  Let  me  go  over,  and  take 
off  his  head.  And  the  King  said  : 
What  have  I  to  do  with  you,  ye 
sons  of  Zeruiah  ?  Let  him  curse  ; 
because  the  LORD  hath  said  unto 
him:  Curse  David  —  and  who  shall 
then  dare  to  say :  Wherefore  hast 
thou  done  so  ? 

Second  Responsory. 

Ye   mountains    of   Gilboa,  £c.,   (p. 

223.) 


Third  Lesson. 

A  ND  the  King  said  to  Abishai,  and 
"^^  to  all  his  servants  :  Behold,  my 
son,  which  came  forth  of  my  bowels, 
seeketh  my  life  ;  how  much  more  now 
may  this  Benjamite  do  it  ?  Let  him 
alone,  and  let  him  curse,  for  the  LORD 
hath  bidden  him.  It  may  be  that  the 
LORD  will  look  on  mine  affliction,  and 
that  the  LORD  will  requite  me  good  for 
his  cursing  this  day. 

Third  Responsory. 
Thus  saith  the  LORD,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 


The  Sabbath. 

MATTINS. 

First  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the   Second 
Book  of  Kings  (xviii.  6.) 

CO  the  people  went  out  into  the  field 
against  Israel  ;  and  the  battle 
was  in  the  wood  of  Ephraim.  There 
the  people  of  Israel  were  slain  before 
the  army  of  David :  and  there  was 
there  a  great  slaughter  that  day,  of 
twenty  thousand  men.  For  the  battle 
was  there,  scattered  over  the  face  of 
all  the  country,  and  the  wood  devoured 
more  people  that  day  than  the  sword 
devoured. 

First  Responsory. 
My  sins  are  many,  &c.,  (p.  224.) 

Second  Lesson. 

A  ND  Absalom  met  the  servants  of 
^^  David,  and  he  rode  upon  a  mule  ; 
and  the  mule  went  under  the  thick 


1  The  text  continues  :  "  And  the  Lord  hath  delivered  the  kingdom  into  the  hand  of  Absalom 
thy  son.     And,  behold,  thou  art  taken  in  thy  mischief — because  thou  art  a  bloody  man." 


SEVENTH   WEEK   AFTER   PENTECOST. 


297 


boughs  of  a  great  oak,  and  his  head 
caught  hold  of  the  oak,  and  he  was 
taken  up  between  the  heaven  and  the 
earth,  and  the  mule  that  was  under 
him  went  away.  And  a  certain  man 
saw  it,  and  told  Joab,  and  said  :  I  saw 
Absalom  hanged  in  an  oak.  And 
Joab  said  unto  the  man  that  told 
him  :  If  thou  sawest  him,  why  didst 
thou  not  smite  him  there  to  the  ground  ? 
And  I  would  have  given  thee  ten  shekels 
of  silver,  and  a  girdle.  And  the  man 
said  unto  Joab  :  Though  I  should  re 
ceive  a  thousand  shekels  of  silver  in 
mine  hand,  yet  would  I  not  put  forth 
mine  hand  against  the  King's  son  ;  for 
in  our  hearing  the  King  charged  thee, 
and  Abishai,  and  Ittai,  saying  :  Be 
ware,  and  save  for  me  my  child  Ab 
salom. 

Second  Responsory. 

O  Lord,  Thou  hast  hearkened,  £c., 
(p.  224.) 

Third  Lesson. 

HP  HEN  said  Joab  :  Though  thou 
will  it  not,  yet  will  I  go  up 
against  him  before  thy  face.  And  he 
took  three  darts  in  his  hand,  and 
thrust  them  through  the  heart  of  Ab 
salom  ;  and  while  he  yet  hung  quiver 
ing  with  life  in  the  oak,  ten  young  men 
that  bare  Joab's  armour,  compassed 
about,  and  smote  Absalom  and  slew 
him.  And  Joab  blew  the  trumpet, 
and  the  people  returned  from  pursuing 
after  Israel,  for  Joab  was  fain  to  spare 
the  multitude.  And  they  took  Absalom 
and  cast  him  into  a  great  pit  in  the 
wood,  and  laid  a  very  great  heap  of 
stones  upon  him. 

Third  Responsory. 
Hearken,  O  LORD,  £c.,  (p.  225.) 


Nathan  the  Prophet  anointed  Solomon 
King  in  Gihon,  and  they  went  up  with 
joy,  and  cried,  saying  :  May  the  King 
live  for  ever  ! 

Note.  The  above  is  the  First  Satur 
day  evening  Antiphon  which  can  be 
displaced  by  "Wisdom  hath  builded, 
£c." 

Prayer  from  the  succeeding  Lauds. 


Sefaentfj  Simfcag  after 
cost. 


The  Seventh  Lord's  Day  after  Pente 
cost. 

MATTINS. 

FIRST    NOCTURN. 

First  Lesson. 

Here    beginneth   the    Third    Book    of 
Kings  (i.    i.) 

j\J  OW  King  David  was  old,  and 
stricken  in  years  :  and  they 
covered  him  with  clothes,  but  he  gat 
no  heat.  Wherefore  his  servants  said 
unto  him  :  Let  there  be  sought  for  my 
lord  the  King  a  young  virgin,  and  let 
her  stand  before  the  King,  and  let  her 
cherish  him,  and  let  her  lie  in  thy 
bosom,  that  my  lord  the  King  may 
get  heat.  So  they  sought  for  a  fair 
damsel  throughout  all  the  coasts  of 
Israel,  and  found  Abishag,  a  Shunam- 
ite,  and  brought  her  to  the  King.  And 
the  damsel  was  very  fair,  and  slept 
with  the  King,  and  ministered  unto 
him  ;  but  the  King  knew  her  not. 


VESPERS. 


Antiphon  at  the  Song  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin.      And  Zadok  the  Priest  *  and 


First  Responsory. 
Prepare  your  hearts,  &c.,  (p.  22 1/ 


THE   PROPER   OFFICE   OF   THE   SEASON. 


Second  Lesson. 

HPHEN  Adonijah,  the  son  of  Hag- 
g'ith,1  exalted  himself,  saying  :  I 
will  be  King.  And  he  prepared  him 
chariots,  and  horsemen,  and  fifty  men 
to  run  before  him.  And  his  father 
had  not  chidden  him  at  any  time,  say 
ing  :  Why  hast  thou  done  so  ?  And 
he  also  was  a  very  goodly  man,  and 
his  mother  bare  him  after  Absalom. 
And  he  conferred  with  Joab  the  son  of 
Zeruiah,  and  with  Abiathar  the  Priest, 
and  they,  following  Adonijah,  helped 
him.  But  Zadok  the  Priest,  and 
Benaiah  the  son  of  Jehoiadah,  and 
Nathan  the  Prophet,  and  Shimei,  and 
Rei,  and  the  mighty  men  wrhich  be 
longed  to  David,  were  not  with 
Adonijah. 


Second  Responsory. 
God    Which    heareth    all,    &c.,    (p. 

222.) 

Third  Lesson.      ( 1 1 . ) 

HEREFORE  Nathan  spake  unto 
Bathsheba  the  mother  of  Sol 
omon,  saying" :  Hast  thou  not  heard 
that  Adonijah,  the  son  of  Haggith, 
doth  reign,  and  David  our  lord  know- 
eth  it  not  ?  Now  therefore  come,  let 
me,  I  pray  thee,  give  thee  counsel, 
that  thou  mayest  save  thine  own  life, 
and  the  life  of  thy  son  Solomon.  Go, 
and  get  thee  in  unto  King  David,  and 
say  unto  him  :  Didst  not  thou,  O  my 
lord  King,  swear  unto  thine  handmaid, 
saying,  Solomon  thy  son  shall  reign 
after  me,  and  he  shall  sit  upon  my 
throne  ?  Why,  then,  doth  Adonijah 
reign  ?  And  while  thou  yet  talkest 
there  with  the  King,  I  also  will  come 
in  after  thee,  and  confirm  thy  words. 
And  Bathsheba  went  in  unto  the  King, 
into  the  chamber. 


Third  Responsory. 

The  LORD  That  delivered  me,  &c., 
(p.  222.) 

SECOND    NOCTURN. 
Fourth  Lesson. 

The  Lesson  is  taken  from  the  Epistle 
written  to  Nepotian  by  St  Jerome, 
Priest  [at  Bethlehem.]  (Ep.  ii. 
torn.  i. ) 

Al/'HEN  David,  who  had  once  been 
a  man  of  war,  was  seventy 
years  old,  the  chill  of  old  age  came 
upon  him,  and  he  could  get  no  heat. 
So  they  sought  out  for  him  throughout 
all  the  coasts  of  Israel  Abishag  the 
Shunamite,  to  sleep  with  the  king  and 
to  warm  his  aged  body.  Who  is  this 
Shunamite,  wife  and  yet  virgin,  so  hot, 
that  she  could  heat  the  chilly,  so  holy, 
that  her  warmth  provoked  him  not  to 
lust  ?  Let  Solomon  the  Wise  explain 
his  father's  enjoyment,  and  the  "Peace 
ful  One"2  tell  of  the  warrior's  embraces. 
"  Get  wisdom,  get  understanding  ;  for 
get  it  not,  neither  decline  from  the 
words  of  my  mouth  ;  forsake  her  not, 
and  she  shall  preserve  thee  ;  love  her, 
and  she  shall  keep  thee.  Wisdom  is 
the  principal  thing  ;  therefore  get  wis 
dom  ;  and  with  all  thy  getting,  get 
understanding.  Exalt  her,  and  she 
shall  promote  thee.  Honour  her,  and 
she  shall  embrace  thee,  and  shall  give 
to  thine  head  an  ornament  of  grace. 
She  shall  compass  thee  like  a  crown 
of  delights."  (Prov.  iv.  5-9.) 

Fourth  Responsory. 
Saul  hath  slain,  &c.,  (p.  223.) 

Fifth  Lesson. 

T  N  old  men  almost  all  the  powers  of 

the  body